Chap 11 Modern Issues

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Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 7 months ago)

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Vocabulary

1) Détente
-

The easing of strained relations


(US and USSR)

2)Ronald Reagan
-

President of the United States who



helped end the Cold War

3) Politburo
-

Ruling Committee for the Communist



Party

4) Glasnost
-

Policy of Openness and loosening



of totalitarian control in the Soviet Union under



Gorbachev

5) Mikhail Gorbachev
-
Soviet Premier who initiated the


reform movements of Glasnost and Perestroika



6) Perestroika
-

series of economic and political
reforms instituted by Gorbachev in the Soviet Union


7) Boris Yeltsin
-

the first directly elected President




of the newly established Russian


8) CIS
-

loose federation of former Soviet territories


9) Shock therapy
-

bold plan by Yeltsin to introduce




free
-
market economics to the Russian Federation


10) Chechnya


a largely Muslim area of Russian that
fought against Russia for their independence


11
)
Solidarity
-
S
ocial movement in Poland that used
civil resistance
to bring about social and political
change


12) Lech Walesa
-

Leader of the Polish Solidarity Movement


13) Reunification
-

the Merging of the Democratic West
Germany and Communist East Germany


14) Helmut Kohl
-

Chancellor of the newly reunified Germany


15) Ethnic cleansing
-

the extermination of a certain religious
or ethnic group


16) Slobodan Milosevic
-

President of Serbia that was
convicted of war crimes due to the Kosovo rebellion


17) Kosovo
-

region of Serbia made up of ethnic Albanians


18) Deng Xiaoping
-

Chinese ruler that adopted
Capitalist ideas to reform the economy of Communist


China



19) Four Modernizations
-

Reform movement that
incorporated Capitalist ideals in Communist China



20) Tiananmen Square
-

Public area in Beijing, China
where a Chinese student protest was staged



21) Genetic
Engineering
-

Direct
human manipulation
of an organism's
genetic code
using modern DNA
technology

22) Green Revolution
-

Agricultural campaign to increase
food production worldwide by using modern techniques


23) Sustainable Growth
-

Meeting current economic needs
while preserving the environment and conserving resources
for future generation


24) Ozone layer
-

layer of the atmosphere that protects the
Earth from the
S
un’s damaging ultraviolent rays


25)Nuclear Proliferation
-

Spread of Nuclear weapons or
technology to other countries


26) SALT Treaty
-

Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty that
limited the amount of nuclear weapons


27) Free Trade
-

the elimination of trade barriers


28) Global Economy
-
Financial interactions that cross
international borders


29) Universal Declaration of Human Rights
-

Human



Rights standards set by the United Nations