My Students are Glued to

needlessoybeanMobile - Wireless

Dec 10, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

56 views

1

David Keathly

UNT Computer Science and Engineering

and the Convergence Technology Center

Working Connections 2010

1

My Students are Glued to
Their Phones


What do I
do??

2

Motivation

Goal:


Improve education by integrating
computing devices into classroom.



Do in low
-
cost, sustainable way.



One way, leverage devices students carry!

They are going to use them anyway!!!


2

3

Before We go too far…


Who has a laptop or Tablet PC with them?



Who has a cell phone or PDA with them?

College Students:


86.1% Cell Phone


12.0% Smart Phone


11.9% PDA


56.3% Digital Gaming Device


73.7% Laptop


Source: The ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2007

Potential Benefits of Using Cell Phones in
Learning According to PARENTS!


43% Increases student engagement

41%
Prepares students for world of work

38% Extends
school day learning

37% Provides access to
online textbooks

35% Improves teacher
-
parent
-
student


communications

32% Students can review
class materials

31% Personalizes instruction

27%
Provides way to help struggling students

4

More Cell Phone Access Stats


98% of high school students have a cell
phone (31% with mobile Internet)


83% of middle school students have a
cell phone (25% with mobile Internet)


43% of 3rd through 5th graders have a
cell phone (15% with mobile Internet)


28% of K
-
2nd graders have a cell phone
(12% with mobile Internet)

5

Student Suggestions on Use


Look up information on Internet


Record or take notes


Work on projects with classmates


Access digital textbooks


Take videos of class presentations or experiments


Play educational games


Communicate with classmates


Receive reminders and alerts


Organize schoolwork


Communicate with teacher


Learn about school activities


Access social networks


Create and share documents/media


Upload assignments and work to portals


Coordinate calendars


Share/edit bookmarks

6

Cells Phones vs. Laptops


“Cell phones, not laptop computers hold
the most promise for the spread of one
-
to
-
one computing, particularly students
with limited resources and especially for
students from under
-
developing nations”


Bill Gates

7

8

Part I: Background


Active Learning


Classroom Responses Systems (CRSs)


Different CRS activities

9

Active Learning


Active Learning = teaching pedagogy were
best way to teach students is to have them be
active in the learning process


Abrahamson’s “Socratic teaching” method


Student needs to:


Build on existing mental framework


Incorporate existing knowledge and ideas

9

Abrahamson A. L. “Teaching with Classroom Communication System


What it Involves and Why it
Works”. Mini
-
Course presented at the VII Taller Internacional "Nuevas Tendencias en la Ensenanza de la
Fisica". Puebla, Mexico, May 27
-
30, 1999.

10

Quantitative Evidence


Hake’s study


62 physics courses


>6000 students


Set taught interactively


Set taught traditionally (lecture focus)


Students in interactive courses had
learning gains 2 std. dev. greater than
traditional courses

Hake R. “Interactive
-
engagement Versus Traditional Methods: A Six
-
thousand
-
student Survey of
Mechanics Test Data for Introductory Physics Courses”.
American Journal of Physics
, 66 (1), Jan. 1998.

11

Classroom Network

11

Public

Display

Instructor

Students

A

A

A

B

B

C

D

Classroom Network

12

Public

Display

Instructor

Students

Classroom Network

Classroom Technology

Cooperative Note
-
taking


e.g. LiveNotes

PowerPoint Slides


Digital Whiteboards

Digital Ink
Presentation Tools


Digital Whiteboards

Classroom Response
Systems


Classroom Feedback
Systems

13

Public

Display

Instructor

Students

Classroom Network

Activity

Activity

Activity

Classroom Response System (CRS):
Learning Cycle

Activity

Activity

B

Activity

14

Multiple
-
Choice Example

Clickers

15

Multiple
-
Choice Example 2

Classtalk

16

Textual Example

16

17

Diagrammatic Example

18

Diagrammatic Example

19

Image Example

20

Brainstorming Example

21

Part II: Vendor Tools and
Software


22

Tablet PC CRSs


General Properties:


Support many types of exercises


Examples:


Classroom Presenter


Ubiquitous Presenter


DyKnow


GroupScribbles

22

23

Classroom Presenter

Devices:


Tablet PC


Laptop

Activities:


Whole Slide, Ink/Text

Features:


Anonymous
Submissions


Push Model

Limits:


Cost

Anderson R. J., Anderson R., Simon B., Wolfman S. A., VanDeGrift T., Yasuhara K. “Experiences with
a Tablet PC Based Lecture Presentation System in Computer Science Courses”.
SIGCSE '04
, pp. 56
-
60, 2004. Site: http://classroompresenter.cs.washington.edu

24

Ubiquitous Presenter

Devices:


Web
-
browser

Activities:


Whole Slide, Text


Multiple
-
choice

Features:


Same as Classroom
Presenter

Limits:


Requires Web Server


Wilkerson M, Griswold W. G., Simon B. “Ubiquitous Presenter: Increasing Student Access and Control
in a Digital Learning Environment”.
SIGCSE ’05
. 2005. Site: http://up.ucsd.edu/

25

GroupScribbles

Devices:


Tablet PC


Laptop

Activities:


Post
-
It Note, Ink/Text

Features:


Multi
-
part Activities


Multiple Subs.


Editing/Moving Sub.

Limits:


Cost

Brecht J., DiGiano C., Patton C., Tatar D., Chaudhury R., Roschelle J., & Davis K. “Coordinating
networked learning activities with a general
-
purpose Interface”. To appear in the
International Review
of Research in Open and Distance Learning
.

26

Handheld CRSs


General Properties:


Many types of small devices


Activities more limited


Examples:


Clickers


Classtalk


Pebbles


ActiveClass


PLS TXT UR Thoughts


Ubiquitous Presenter (Mobile)

26

27

Clickers

Devices:


Custom

Activities:


Multiple
-
choice

Features:


Small and Affordable


Scales to 100s

Limits:


Limited Utility HW


Used for Wrong
Reasons?

Duncan D. “Clickers: A New Teaching Aid with Exceptional Promise”. Astronomy Education Review,
5(1), 2006.

28

Part III: Using the Tools
You A

lready Have!




Cell Phones



Web Browsers


Interacting in Class


Wifitti


Demo


www.wifitti.com


PollEverywhere


Demo


www.polleverywhere.com


Mobiode polls and
surveys


Demo


wc2010.mobiode.mobi


www.mobiode.com



Use informal
discussion to engage
students


Use polls and
surveys to get
feedback and
opinions

29

Give them a try yourself!



30

Communicating in and out of
class


SendGM


Demo


www.sendgm.com


Twitter


More later…



Send reminders of
homework, tests and
events


Send interesting
supplementary
materials and links


Communicate other
important
information

31

Study Tools


Study Cell


Demo


www.studycell.com


Readthewords.com


Demo


Mobile Study


Demo


http://www.mobilestudy.org/u/3013/


http://www.mobilestudy.org/u/3013/m/


www.mobilestudy.org


Make Flashcards


Reading for
comprehension


Quizzes


32

Other Study Tools


MyNoteIT


http://www.mynoteit.com/



NoteCentric


http://www.notecentric.com/



33

Try them yourself!



34

Discussion


How can these tools be used in your
classroom?


Have you had experience using any of
these tools?


Are there other tools you have used
effectively?

35

Session II

36

So you want to create a
mobile website?


Question 1


Platform dependent or
independent?


Question 2


Which Platform(s)?


Question 3


Are you a programmer?


Question 4


Are you good with
HTML/XML?


Question 5


How much time do you
have?

37

Some Simple Options


Winksite


Demo


winksite.mobi/dkeathly/demo


www.winksite.com


Zinadoo



Demo
-

http://dkeathly.zinadoo.mobi


www.zinadoo.com

38

Discussion


What could you use mobile web sites for
in your class?


Would the add value?


What types of features do you need?

39

Want to Build one?


Give it a
try!


40

Cross
-
Platform


PhoneGap


open source


www.phonegap.com


HTML and CSS


Java


Supports Android and many other platforms


Mini
-
Discussion


How important is cross
-
platform for your
classes?

41

A little more difficult…


MoSync


www.mosync.com


Cross platform and open source


Not iPhone


C/C++ codebase


Appcelerator Titanium


Free community edition


www.appcelerator.com


HTML, Javascript, CSS

42

Discussion


How much effort are you wiling to put in
for mobile applications development?


What skill sets do you have or are willing
to learn?


43

Demos and Experimentation


Demos of some of these tools


Try it on your own!

44

iPhone Specific


iWebKit


Iwebkit.net


HTML and CSS3


Webkit


Open source project


Webkit.org


Requires Xcode and Apple Developer
registration


iUI


Framework with Javascript, CSS and images


Code.google.com/p/iui/


45

Demos and Experimentation


46

Getting Fancy


Augmented Reality


www.layar.com


Existing downloads and developer tools


iPhone (3GS) and Android

47

Wrap up


Questions?


Discussion


What do you think? Consider adding a
comment to the Wiki!

48