Academic Planning Guide 2011-2012

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Academic
Planning Guide
2011-2012
Academic
Planning Guide
2012-2013


Liberty Christian School

2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide



Page 1
Table of Contents

G
RADE
P
OINT
A
VERAGE
(GPA)
AND
C
LASS
R
ANKING
.................................................................................................... 3

GPA

C
ALCULATION
................................................................................................................................................. 3

C
LASS
R
ANKING
C
ALCULATION
................................................................................................................................... 3

ACADEMIC PLANNING ..................................................................................................................................... 4

A
CADEMIC
A
DVISING
............................................................................................................................................... 4

S
TUDENT
S
CHEDULES
............................................................................................................................................... 4

P
RE
-AP
AND
AP

P
ROGRAMS
..................................................................................................................................... 4

D
UAL
C
REDIT
R
EQUIREMENTS
................................................................................................................................... 5

A
DJUSTED
T
EACHING
S
TYLE
(ATS)

R
EQUIREMENTS
....................................................................................................... 5

S
UMMER
S
CHOOL
R
EQUIREMENTS
............................................................................................................................. 6

G
RADUATION
R
EQUIREMENTS
................................................................................................................................... 7

COLLEGE PLANNING ........................................................................................................................................ 8

D
EGREE
P
LANS
....................................................................................................................................................... 8

B
ASIC
C
OLLEGE
R
EQUIREMENTS
................................................................................................................................. 9

C
OLLEGE
M
AJORS WITH
S
PECIALIZED
R
EQUIREMENTS
.................................................................................................... 9

T
YPES OF
C
OLLEGES WITH
A
DDITIONAL
C
ONSIDERATIONS
............................................................................................. 10

S
ENDING
T
RANSCRIPTS TO
P
OST
-S
ECONDARY
I
NSTITUTIONS
.......................................................................................... 11

UPPER SCHOOL COURSE CATALOG ................................................................................................................ 12

N
EW
U
PPER
S
CHOOL
O
FFERINGS
............................................................................................................................. 12

B
IBLE
.................................................................................................................................................................. 12

C
AREER AND
T
ECHNOLOGY
..................................................................................................................................... 13

E
NGLISH
.............................................................................................................................................................. 15

F
INE
A
RTS
........................................................................................................................................................... 18

F
OREIGN
L
ANGUAGE
.............................................................................................................................................. 22

M
ATHEMATICS
..................................................................................................................................................... 25

P
HYSICAL
E
DUCATION
............................................................................................................................................ 28

S
CIENCE
.............................................................................................................................................................. 30

S
OCIAL
S
TUDIES
.................................................................................................................................................... 33

MIDDLE SCHOOL COURSE CATALOG .............................................................................................................. 37

B
IBLE
.................................................................................................................................................................. 37

C
AREER AND
T
ECHNOLOGY
..................................................................................................................................... 38

E
NGLISH
.............................................................................................................................................................. 39

F
INE
A
RTS
E
LECTIVES
............................................................................................................................................. 40

F
OREIGN
L
ANGUAGE
.............................................................................................................................................. 41

M
ATHEMATICS
..................................................................................................................................................... 41

P
HYSICAL
E
DUCATION
............................................................................................................................................ 42

S
CIENCE
.............................................................................................................................................................. 43

S
OCIAL
S
TUDIES
.................................................................................................................................................... 44



2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide
Liberty Christian School

Page 2

Liberty Christian School

2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide



Page 3


Grade Point Average (GPA) and Class Ranking
GPA Calculation
At Liberty Christian School (LCS), the student’s GPA is determined on a 4-point and 100-point scale that
includes the following courses from ninth through twelfth grades: Bible, English, Social Studies, Science,
Math, Foreign Language, all AP and Dual Credit courses plus, Algebra I, Business Computer Information
Systems (BCIS), and Foreign Language courses taken for Upper School credit in the eighth grade. On a
student transcript, semester grades are unweighted, but the GPA is weighted as follows: for the
100-point grading scale, 5 points for Pre-AP courses and 10 points for AP and Dual Credit courses;
for the 4-point grading scale, .5 point for Pre-AP courses and 1 point for AP and Dual Credit
courses. For students in grades nine through twelve, GPA is calculated every semester after exams.
Note: Any student transfers bringing in home school, non-accredited, or international grades will have
their grades transcribed as Pass/Fail.
The LCS Grading Scale
Grade

Grade Scale

90



100

4.0

87



89

3.75

84



86

3.5

82



83

3.25

80



81

3.0

77



79

2.75

74



76

2.5

72



73

2.25

70



71

2.0

0



69

0

Class Ranking Calculation
LCS is a non-ranking school. For college-bound students, however, the top 10% of students are ranked for
the purpose of automatic admissions to Texas public colleges and universities. Class rank is calculated
using the weighted GPA (refer to "GPA Calculation" above); this GPA is recognized as a weighted grade by
colleges and universities. For students in grades nine through twelve, class rank is calculated every
semester after exams.
Important! Transfer students will be ranked after four consecutive semesters at LCS. Otherwise, they
will have a shadow ranking. Colleges may or may not choose to accept shadow ranking.



2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide
Liberty Christian School

Page 4
Academic Planning
Academic Advising
As a student progresses through the LCS middle and upper school programs, he or she will need to make
some important decisions. Students must choose the rigor of their core courses, which electives and
activities will enrich their academic and social lives, which degree plan to follow, which tests to take for
college entrance, which colleges to submit their applications to, and so on. The Academic Advising office
is trained to help students set their academic and career goals, build their academic record, and navigate
the college application process.
Student Schedules
Students are required to submit individual course requests prior to each academic year. Academic
advisors are available to help students review course offerings and make the appropriate selections.
Parents and students are also encouraged to discuss scheduling options prior to submitting the student’s
course requests.
LCS makes every effort possible to meet the scheduling requests of each student. Ongoing administrative
and staffing changes, however, may result in the replacement of some course selections, and can also
result in a change in teacher assignment or class time.
Pre-AP and AP Programs
A Pre-AP course is one in which the curriculum is enriched and accelerated in keeping with College
Board standards. An AP course is a college-level course that follows the College Board Advanced
Placement curriculum. The student’s knowledge of the course curriculum is tested through the AP exam.
Any student enrolled in an AP class is required to register for and take the course’s AP exam.
Colleges and universities have the option of accepting AP results for college credit or placement in
advanced standing. Successful completion of Pre-AP and AP courses result in additional points for
calculating GPA (refer to "GPA Calculation" on page 3).
Students must obtain a minimum average of 75% at the end of the first semester in order to
continue enrollment in their Pre-AP or AP course.
Note: For more detailed information on specific AP courses, visit
www.collegeboard.com
Eligibility for Ninth through Twelfth Grades
.
The following criteria apply for admission to all AP and Pre-AP courses:


A minimum of 85 in a Pre-AP course and 90 in a regular course (unweighted) point average is
required, and must have been maintained in the subject for the entire previous year. Marginal
cases will be discussed with an academic committee. Overall GPA will be considered while
particular attention is paid to the subject area from seventh grade through the current year.


The student must be committed to considerably more work per course per night than the
standard homework requirement.

Students applying must not have incurred excessive absences, tardy notices, or recurring zeros
in the most recent school year.
• Students must agree to remain in scheduled Pre-AP and AP courses through the first grading
period.


Students must obtain a minimum average of 75% at the end of the first semester in order
to continue enrollment in their Pre-AP or AP course.
Note: Transfer students must receive administrative approval to enroll in Pre-AP and AP courses.
Liberty Christian School

2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide



Page 5
Eligibility for Eighth Grade
Students applying for admission to Pre-AP eighth grade courses must have maintained an average grade
of 90 or above in the seventh grade corresponding core course. Academic Advising recommends that
eighth grade students enroll in no more than two Pre-AP courses.
Note: Transfer students must receive administrative approval to enroll in Pre-AP courses.
Departmental Requirements
Some upper school departments have additional requirements for students enrolling in Pre-AP and AP
courses. Many Pre-AP and AP students must complete the summer reading assignments and/or projects
prior to the beginning of school. Please see the Academic Advising office for specific information.
Qualified students should be enrolled in these courses prior to June 1
st
.

Dual Credit Requirements
LCS offers 11
th
and 12
th
grade students the opportunity to enroll in select, college-level Dual Credit
courses through North Central Texas College (NCTC). If a student receives a grade of “C” or higher on a
Dual Credit course, the student earns both college and high school credit for that course simultaneously.
Dual Credit course credits are transferrable to Texas public colleges and universities and to some private
and out-of-state colleges and universities. Students interested in enrolling at private or out-of-state
institutions following high school graduation are advised to research those specific institutions’ policies
for accepting Dual Credit before enrolling in LCS’ Dual Credit courses.
LCS students must satisfy the following requirements in order to enroll in Dual Credit courses:
• Meet specific requirements set by North Central Texas College (NCTC). Refer to website
www.nctc.edu
for more information.
• Have a minimum high school GPA of 3.0.
• Exhibit the maturity and social behavior necessary to participate in a college-level course.
• Pass the THEA or COMPASS test or receive the following score on the SAT: 1070 combined
Critical Reading + Math (minimum of 500 in Critical Reading and 500 in Math) or the following
composite score on the ACT: 23 (minimum of 19 in each English subject and 19 in Math). Test
requirements must be completed through NCTC.
• Meet NCTC enrollment criteria, complete application for admission through NCTC Registrar’s
office, submit an official high school transcript, and submit a completed Student Dual-Credit
Agreement to the NCTC admissions office.


Submit payment of tuition and fees to the NCTC business office.


Prior to class, purchase textbooks and supplies required for NCTC courses.
Important! If a student receives a semester grade of D or F on a Dual Credit course, the student is not
eligible to enroll in a Dual Credit course the following semester.
Note: Registration periods are listed in the NCTC Class Schedule available online at
www.nctc.edu
. For
information about dropping a Dual Credit course, go to
www.nctc.edu
online and click “Attendance,
Resources, and Related Policies.”

Adjusted Teaching Style (ATS) Requirements
LCS provides course selection in the core courses for students with diagnosed and documented learning
differences. Offered in grades six through twelve, these courses are designated as ATS courses, which
refers to accommodations and modifications designed to more closely address the students’ learning
needs. Using the same texts and curriculum guides as used in regular courses, ATS offers additional
2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide
Liberty Christian School

Page 6
support beyond the traditional classroom and provides students with a venue in which to maximize their
potential. ATS classes are available only for students who have current diagnostic testing (updated every
three years) and have a diagnosed learning difference. Approval for course enrollment is granted through
the ATS Course Committee. There is an ATS course fee of $500 per school year for each ATS course taken.
This fee cannot be prorated or refunded for students withdrawing from LCS during the school year or for
new LCS students enrolling after the start of the school year. These classes are subject to availability, and
waiting lists are maintained.
Note: Non-ATS courses are structured to meet the needs of students without diagnosed learning
differences. Therefore, non-ATS courses do not provide for special accommodations for
students, such as extra time for assignments or testing, use of recording devices, adjusted
curriculum, and so on.

Summer School Requirements
Liberty Christian Online provides students with the opportunity to earn credit through a Christ-centered
curriculum designed to meet LCS college-preparatory requirements. Although coursework is completed
independently, classes are facilitated by a remote teacher and the student’s progress is consistently
monitored by LCS staff.
Completion of online coursework is required for students who have not earned a passing grade
(70 or above) in any semester of a required LCS course. Numerical grades earned through online
summer school will be reflected on the student’s transcript and will be calculated into the GPA. The new
grade will not override the failing grade on the transcript or GPA. Please see the Academic Advising office
for more information about our online curriculum.
Note: Summer school is limited to the courses offered through Liberty Christian Online. Seniors who fail a
required course will receive their diplomas upon completion of the make-up summer school course.



Liberty Christian School

2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide



Page 7
Graduation Requirements
The chart below provides the number of credits needed for each subject area depending upon the type of
diploma a student is planning to pursue.

Subject Area

Basic Diploma

(2
7

Credits)

See page
8

College Prep

(27 Credits)

See page
8

College Prep w/
Honors

(28 Credits)

See page 8
English

4

4

4

Mathematics
*

4

4

4

Social Studies

3

3

3

Government

½

½

½

Economics

½

½

½

Science
*

4

4

4

Foreign Language*

0

2

3

Physi
cal Education*

2

2

2

Electives
*

3

1

1

Computer Science

1

1

1

Fine Arts
*

1

1

1

Bible

3

3

3

Christian Humanities (Senior

Bible)

Includes .5 credit of Speech
1

1

1


* Specific requirements exist for satisfying credits in the areas indicated above. They include:
Mathematics: Algebra I, Algebra II, and Geometry must be completed to meet three of the four
math requirements.
Foreign Language: Foreign Language requirements must be met with credits from the same
language in grades eight through twelve.
Science: Science credits must include Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. The fourth science
option may be chosen from the courses provided.
Physical Education: Physical Education requirements may be met through Athletics, Sports
Management, Cheer, DanzTeam, Band, Aerobics, or Office/Teacher Aide.
Electives: After the required course credits are satisfied, a student may choose from other
Subject Areas to satisfy elective credit(s). Refer to the following pages to find
the courses that may be used for elective credit: Career and Technology (see
page 13), Bible (see page 12), Fine Arts (see page 17), Physical Education (see
page 28), and Foreign Language (see page 22).
Fine Arts: Please refer to Fine Arts (see page 17) for a complete list of Fine Arts courses. A
few selected Physical Education (see page 28) courses may also be used to
satisfy the Fine Arts credit(s). Please refer to individual course descriptions for
applicable prerequisites.
Note: A diploma and/or transcript will be held until all textbooks, library books, and athletic equipment
are returned and any outstanding library fines, athletic fees, and/or cafeteria charges are paid.
Textbook replacement costs must first be resolved and any detentions and/or in-school suspensions
be served.
2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide
Liberty Christian School

Page 8
College Planning
This section provides basic, general guidelines for students planning to attend a post-secondary
institution.
Important! Each college and university has very specific requirements for admission. Check with your
academic advisor, college catalogs, and the institution’s admissions office for specific
admissions requirements and recommendations.

Degree Plans
Basic Degree Plan
The Basic degree plan accommodates students who desire to complete high school with the basic
requirements necessary for high school graduation. Students graduating with this degree plan may have
difficulty being accepted into a four-year college or university.
Note: Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II must be completed to meet three of the four math requirements.
For a complete list of requirements, please refer to the chart on page 6.
College Preparatory Degree Plan
The College Prep degree plan accommodates students who desire to complete course work that will
facilitate entrance into a four-year college or university.
Note: Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II must be completed to meet three of the four math requirements.
Biology, Chemistry, and Physics must be completed to meet three of the four science requirements.
For a complete list of requirements, please refer to the chart on page 6.
College Preparatory with Honors Degree Plan
The College Preparatory with Honors degree plan accommodates students demonstrating levels of
aptitude and performance equivalent to college-level work and who are applying to highly selective
colleges and universities. To graduate College Prep with Honors, the student must pass six year-long
Pre-AP/AP courses during his or her eighth through senior years. At least one of these courses must be
an AP course. Three Foreign Language credits from the same language are required.
Note: Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II must be completed to meet three of the four math requirements.
(Successful completion of two Dual Credit math courses may be used to satisfy the Mathematics AP
requirement.) Biology, Chemistry, and Physics must be completed to meet three of the four science
requirements. For a complete list of requirements, please refer to the chart on page 6. For more
information about Dual Credit courses, please see page 5.
Important! A student must not have failed more than a total of two semesters in courses counting
toward graduation requirements in order to qualify for a College Prep with Honors diploma.



Liberty Christian School

2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide



Page 9
Basic College Requirements
All college-bound students should present a high school record that falls within these recommended
guidelines:
• 4 units in English that include composition and literature
• 4 units in Social Studies
• 3-4 units in Mathematics (many colleges are now expecting applicants to have completed
Mathematics study through Pre-Calculus)


2-3 units in natural Science with labs (for competitive colleges, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics
are strongly recommended)

2-3 units in the same Foreign Language

1 unit of Computer or Computer Science

1-2 units of Fine Arts
College Majors with Specialized Requirements
College-bound students who have a specific major in mind should attempt to satisfy the specialized
requirements indicated below when building their high school course record.
Important! Each college and university has very specific requirements for admission. Check with your
academic advisor, college catalogs, and the institution’s admissions office for specific
admissions requirements and recommendations.
Business Majors
3-4 units of math, including Algebra II (many require Pre-Calculus)
Nursing, Dental Hygiene, Physical Therapy, and Medical Technology Majors


Biology and Chemistry with labs


2-3 units of math, including Algebra II


Physics for physical therapy and medical technology
Mathematics, Computer Science, Engineering, and Architecture Majors


3-4 units of math, including Algebra II and trigonometry/elementary analysis (Pre-Calculus)


Engineering strongly recommends one unit of Physics


Architecture recommends a course in art and/or the presentation of an art portfolio
Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Pre-Med, Pre-Dental, Pre-Vet, and Pre-Health
Majors
AP Biology, AP Chemistry, and Physics (with labs)
Humanities, Social Sciences, and Education Majors

Courses as outlined above for all college-bound students

As many elective courses as are available in areas of specific interest
Pre-Law Majors
Courses as outlined above for all college-bound students (law schools do not prefer one major over
another)
2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide
Liberty Christian School

Page 10
Fine and Applied Arts Majors

Courses as outlined above for all college-bound students

As many courses as are available in specific areas of interest (art, yearbook, band, choir, theatre
arts, and communications)
Types of Colleges with Additional Considerations
Out-of-state colleges and competitive colleges often have additional requirements or recommendations
for students who are planning to apply for admission.
Public Colleges
• Some out-of-state colleges are highly competitive for entrance by out-of-state students (e.g.,
University of Virginia, William and Mary, University of Colorado).


Certain test scores may be expected along with the GPA.


Less intensive courses (extended algebra and physical science) may not be accepted by many
colleges and universities.
Competitive Private Colleges
Competitive private colleges (for example, Vanderbilt, Trinity, Southern Methodist University, University
of the South, Emory University, Baylor, Austin College, University of Southern California, Washington
University, Tulane/Newcomb, Texas Christian University) may have the following, additional
considerations:
• A minimum of four courses each year is preferred from five major subject areas (English,
Mathematics, Science, Social Science, and Foreign Language).


Students should be involved in extracurricular activities in several areas with leadership
experience in at least one area of interest.

Students should have either a combined SAT score (Critical Reading + Math) of 1110 or higher or
an ACT composite score of 24 or higher (meeting the appropriate benchmarks).
Highly Competitive Private Colleges
Highly competitive private colleges (for example, Ivy League colleges, Amherst, Williams, Smith, Pomona,
Wellesley, Duke, Barnard, MIT, Stanford, Georgetown, Rice, and U.S. Service Academies) may have the
additional, following considerations:
• A minimum of four courses each year is preferred from five major subject areas (English,
Mathematics, Science, Social Science, and Foreign Language).


Students should rank in the top 10 percent of their graduating class.


Students should be involved in extracurricular activities in several areas with leadership
experience in at least one area of interest.

Students should have either a combined SAT score (Critical Reading + Math) of 1300 or higher or
an ACT composite score of 29 or higher (meeting the appropriate benchmarks).


Liberty Christian School

2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide



Page 11
Sending Transcripts to Post-Secondary
Institutions
Students submitting a high school transcript to a college or university, the NCAA, or a scholarship
foundation must complete a transcript request form found in the Academic Advising office or on the LCS
website,
www.LibertyChristian.com/Transcript-Request
.
Every effort is made to complete requests as quickly as possible. However, please allow up to one week
for processing requests. Liberty submits transcripts electronically when applicable. If not applicable, a
paper transcript is sent through the U.S. Postal Service. Additionally, in order to protect the privacy of
each student, transcripts submitted by LCS do not include PSAT, SAT, or ACT scores. Students must
contact College Board and/or ACT to submit their scores directly from those organizations.
Note: For more information about sending test scores, visit
www.collegeboard.com
and
www.act.org
. For
more information about the college application process, please refer to the “Timeline for College
Admissions” in the
Liberty Christian School Student/Parent Handbook

.


2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide
Liberty Christian School

Page 12
Upper School Course Catalog
Course Descriptions for Grades 9 - 12
New Upper School Offerings
The following additions and changes have been made to the Upper School (US) Catalog for 2012-2013:


Debate, which can be taken to satisfy a Fine Arts or Elective credit. See page 20.
• Sports Management, which can be taken to satisfy a Physical Education or Elective
credit. See page 29.

Spanish III Pre-AP, a Foreign Language elective course. See page 24.


Intermediate Calculus, a Mathematics course for 11
th
and 12
th
grade students. See
page 28.
• Anatomy and Physiology, a Science course for 11
th
and 12
th
grade students. See
page 30.
Bible
In keeping with our Christian emphasis, students in grades 9-11 are required to be enrolled in a Bible
class each semester. Each grade uses the Lifeway Christian School Resources "Quest" series.
The Life of Christ
Prerequisite: None
For grade: 9
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Using the LifeQuest curriculum, this course is designed to cover one year of study of the Old and New
Testament. It focuses on helping students understand God’s redemptive plan for man, see how it unfolds
in scripture, and embrace their roles in it. Students trace the implementation of God’s plan from pre-
creation to the unfolding of heaven, emphasizing the connections between the events and their meaning
for today’s world.
Bible Survey
Prerequisite: None
For grade: 10
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Using the FaithQuest curriculum, this course is designed to cover one year of study of the life of Christ.
Students will learn to connect with the ways in which Jesus Christ handled his own life and it will provide
tools to help them follow His lead, live like Him, and for Him.


Liberty Christian School

2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide



Page 13
Christian Doctrines
Prerequisite: None
For grade: 11
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Using the RealityQuest curriculum, this course focuses on the basic doctrines of the Bible, carefully
crafted into age-appropriate lessons with strong emphasis on the application of truth to daily lives.
Students will examine the doctrines of God, the Bible, man, sin, salvation, and Christ.
Christian Humanities
Prerequisite: None
For grade: 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1 (includes .5 credit for Speech)
Using the FutureQuest curriculum, this course prepares students to effectively communicate the Gospel
and to answer for the hope that lies within them (1 Peter 3:15). They will learn how to master logical,
coherent, and engaging communication skills while studying and learning about their world through the
lens of God’s word. Students will also explore ways in which a Biblical worldview is extended throughout
areas of stewardship, family relationships, personal ethics, defense of faith, and community
responsibility.
Career and Technology
Today’s world of advanced technology, rising unemployment, and competitive lifestyles requires that
schools expand opportunities for our youth to prepare them for college and the world of work. Career
and technology education empowers individuals to manage the challenges of living and working in a
diverse, global society. Our Career and Technology courses are designed to provide students with the
opportunity to make informed occupational choices, determine educational needs and options, develop
employability traits, and acquire marketable skills.
Advanced Computer Concepts
Prerequisite: BCIS, Algebra II concurrent or completed
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5
This course is designed to introduce students to fundamental concepts of computers and the science of
computers. Concepts include computer hardware, problem-solving methodologies, algorithm
development, and programming (using Java as the programming language). This course prepares
students for Computer Science AP.
Business Computer Information Systems (BCIS)
Prerequisite: Typing proficiency (30 wpm)
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5
This course is designed to continue building upon the students’ knowledge of MS Office 2010 (Word,
Excel, Access, PowerPoint, and Publisher), and introduce them to programming using the Python
programming language. Concepts will be taught using a “hands-on” approach utilizing practice exercises
and projects. They will learn how to create and present business plans, design and develop basic Python
programs, and create applets. They will complete assignments on each concept as they build upon each
other.
2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide
Liberty Christian School

Page 14
Note: Students who do not have keyboarding skills at the required level may attend class and work on
these skills outside the classroom. Teachers will provide a before-school lab twice a week for the
first nine weeks grading period for tutoring. These students will also be provided with a list of
websites they can access at home to reach the minimum level of proficiency.
Business Law/Business Principles
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
The first semester of the course covers business law. Students will explore the basic components and
foundations of personal and small business law. The framework is the textbook, Law for Business and
Personal Use, by John E. Anderson. In addition to the text, students will study current events as well as
current court cases and documents to enhance and enrich their learning environment.
The second semester of the course covers business principles. Students will focus on personal finance
and discussions on income, checking, charge accounts, loans, transportation, insurance, and investments.
Students will study the text and outside sources as determined by the instructor.
Computer Science AP
Prerequisite: Algebra II, Advanced Computer Concepts
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is designed to introduce students to the fundamental concepts of computers and the science
of computers. These concepts include, but are not limited to, computer hardware and its organization,
problem-solving methodologies, algorithm development, programming (using Java as the programming
language), and introduction to data structures. College credit, placement, or both may be granted upon
successful completion of the course and mastery of the AP Exam.
Note: Please see page 5 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
SAT/ACT Preparatory
Prerequisite: None
For grade: 11 (taken during Bible)
Length: One semester; Credit: .25
This eleventh grade preparatory class is designed to teach students test-taking strategies, practice
standardized testing skills, and develop essay preparation and organization in order to maximize scoring
on the PSAT, SAT, and ACT exams.


Liberty Christian School

2012-2013 Academic Planning Guide



Page 15
Web/Media Design
Prerequisite: BCIS
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5
This one-semester course introduces a variety of computer media applications and concepts. Concepts
include an introduction to computer programming using graphics as a focal point. The Alice software,
developed at Carnegie Mellon University, provides an environment with three-dimensional graphics for
students to write programs that tell a story. This class is also an introduction to Web design using HTML,
JavaScript, and WordPress, and an introduction to graphic design using Photoshop. Students will create
their own Web pages and blogs using WordPress and JavaScript. Students will use Photoshop to
experiment with a multitude of image and picture editing/creation tools to design professionally looking
Web material.
Advanced Web/Media Design
Prerequisite: Web/Media Design
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5
This course expands students’ knowledge and skills learned in Web/Media Design. They will use Adobe
Master Collection CS5 (Photoshop and Flash) to develop Web pages and Flash-designed online learning
projects. Students will continue to utilize and develop skills learned in Web/Media Design to improve and
enhance their own Web pages and blogs previously created using WordPess and JavaScript. Students will
use Photoshop to experiment with a multitude of image and picture editing/creation tools to design
professionally looking Web material.
English
The LCS English Department utilizes a Christian-based curriculum in order to instill in the students a love
and appreciation for quality literature while increasing their love for and knowledge of the Lord. Various
aspects of literature, including solid grammatical instruction and an emphasis on vocabulary, all unite to
form the components of this discipline. The program promotes effective and creative communication
while developing critical and abstract thinking skills. The primary goal of the English Department is to
equip students with sophisticated language skills, enabling them to be successful on any university
campus and to be effective, confident, and well-read citizens.
English I
Prerequisite: English 8
For grade: 9
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course teaches the fundamentals of literature and language skills through reading, writing, and oral
communication. There is a strong emphasis on reading comprehension, including exercises with short
stories and novels. Vocabulary and grammar units are utilized to improve writing in areas of structure
and content. Writing skills are developed through essays and through research papers using the MLA and
Turabian formats. Two novels for summer reading are a course requirement.


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English I Pre-AP
Prerequisite: English 8
For grade: 9
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This accelerated course teaches the fundamentals of English I and increases the ability to independently
express ideas through writing and oral discussion. Students demonstrate reading comprehension via
novels and short stories. Students improve writing skills through paragraph development and grammar
exercises. Three research papers using the MLA and the Turabian formats are incorporated into the
writing activities. Two novels for summer reading are a course requirement.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
English II
Prerequisite: English I
For grades: 10
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This survey course of the great literature of the world incorporates the classic writings of the Greek and
Roman periods, and extends into the era of the Renaissance and Reformation. It includes short stories
and poetry of the later centuries, leading into the 20th century. In addition to literature, the course also
covers spelling and vocabulary as well as various aspects of grammar. In addition, two research papers
are required in the MLA and Turabian format. Many novels are also a part of this curriculum. Two novels
for summer reading are a course requirement.
English II Pre-AP
Prerequisite: English I
For grade: 10
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course focuses on an accelerated survey of world literature with a major emphasis on reading and
writing skills and increased vocabulary. Various novels are studied in addition to the volume of literature.
Grammatical skills and proficient writing techniques are also incorporated along with several research
papers utilizing the MLA and Turabian formats. Three novels for summer reading are a course
requirement.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
English III
Prerequisite: English II
For grade: 11
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course focuses on representative authors of American literature from the early 1600s to the present.
These works reflect the growth and changes that occurred during this time period and provide a sense of
the cultural and historical differences that are present in American literature. The course reinforces
grammar, spelling, and vocabulary skills. The course also focuses on composition in a variety of forums
including, but not limited to, poetry, essays, oral presentations, and research papers. The research papers
will focus on using different methods, forms, and styles. Two novels for summer reading are a course
requirement.


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English III AP
Prerequisite: English II
For grade: 11
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This college-level course is designed to enable students to develop skills in literature and composition
equivalent to the freshman-level class in most universities. The course prepares students to successfully
master the AP Examination in English Language and Composition and to enter upper-level college
courses with a firm foundation in all aspects of language and mechanics. The class centers on American
literature and how the works relate to the author’s time period as well as the present. The course also
focuses on composition in a variety of forums including, but not limited to, poetry, essays, oral
presentations, and research papers. Summer reading is required.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
English IV
Prerequisite: English III
For grade: 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
British literature is the curriculum foundation for this senior-level course. Sophisticated and effective
writing techniques are a primary emphasis throughout this year-long class, and the three major writing
formats, Turabian, MLA, and AP, are utilized. Increasing the students’ vocabulary and reviewing Latin
roots also contribute to the focus of the curriculum. Critical reading skills are a vital component and a
major focus of this class. Various novels, plays, short stories, and poems are read and analyzed through
the year. The development of effective writing skills and critical reading skills are vital aspects of the
class. Summer reading is required.
English IV AP
Prerequisite: English III
For grade: 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This college-level course is designed to develop skills in literature and composition beyond those
customarily acquired in a regular senior class. The course prepares students to successfully master the
AP Examination in English Language and English Literature and Composition, and to enter upper-level
college courses with a firm foundation in all aspects of language and mechanics. The class focuses on
British literature, with an emphasis on advanced, mechanically sound writing techniques and
sophisticated critical thinking and analytical skills. The first semester involves an emphasis on expository
and argumentative writing, while the second semester focuses on fictional literature. Various technical
writing formats and a variety of novels are also incorporated into this curriculum. Summer reading is a
vital part of the course.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.


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Fine Arts
Fine Arts courses may be taken to satisfy an upper school student's Fine Arts credit requirement. After
that credit is satisfied, a student may choose a Fine Arts course to satisfy other Elective credit
requirements (refer to the Graduation Requirements chart on page 6 for more information).
Art I
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course emphasizes basic elements of art (line, shape, space, color) and principles of design
(proportion, balance, variety, and unity) within the disciplines of drawing, painting, printmaking, and
pottery. A wide variety of media is explored including, graphite, pastels, charcoal, watercolor, acrylic,
tempera, collage, and clay. This course is designed to enhance the student’s creative and technical
abilities in art. Daily assignments and longer projects are assigned to enhance the student’s proficiency of
self-expression.
Advanced 2D Art
Prerequisite: Art I
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is designed to enhance students’ abilities with two-dimensional art. Students will progress
through advanced drawing concepts with graphite, charcoal, and ink. They will then utilize their drawing
skills within painting and mixed-media assignments. Each student will strive to create original artwork
that is competition level.
Advanced 3D Art
Prerequisite: Art I
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is designed to enhance students’ abilities with three-dimensional art. Functional pieces, relief
sculpture, and sculpture will be explored with a variety of media. While hand-building with clay, students
will create work that is structurally sound and visually elegant. Clay principles and firing techniques will
be explored in depth. Additionally, students will explore other areas of 3D art using a variety of materials
such as cardboard, wire, papier-mache, and wood. Each student will be encouraged to create original
competition-level artwork.
3D Art AP
Prerequisite: Art I, Advanced 3D Art or instructor approval
For grades: 10-12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
In this course, students will explore three-dimensional forms with a variety of materials, such as clay,
wood, plaster, papier-mache, found objects, and fabric. These raw materials will be used in creating
expressive sculptural designs that incorporate form and space and relate the three-dimensional form to
its environment. Students will produce several projects of high quality, college-level artwork. These
projects will begin with exploring the elements and principles of design and will involve each student
developing an individual line of enquiry, experimentation, and risk-taking. Summer work required.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
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Art AP
Prerequisite: Art I
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is designed to help students create and develop a portfolio of artwork. Students will choose
one of three portfolios to complete 3D, 2D Design, or 2D Drawing. Students create artwork for the
concentration, breadth, and quality sections of their portfolio. While creating their portfolio, students
develop competition-level artwork.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
Art Photography
Prerequisite: Art I
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course focuses on students’ technical development with photography while honing their aesthetic
sensibilities. Students improve their skills with digital cameras and become familiar with aperture,
shutter speed, depth of field, and other technical aspects of photography. Additionally, much of the class
time is spent developing and modifying images in Adobe Photoshop.
Band
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1 (may be used towards Fine Arts or Physical Education credit)
The upper school band is composed of Pep Band and Marching Band in the fall and Concert and Jazz Band
in the spring. The Pep Band and Marching Band, along with the drumline, focuses on various styles of
music (for example, pop, rock, and jazz) for performances at pep rallies and football games. The Concert
and Jazz Band performs at school concerts, competitions, and community concerts. The goal of this class
is to provide each student with Christ-centered music education including music theory, improvisation,
and reading of sacred and secular literature. Students have the opportunity to participate in district and
state competitions, community concerts, seasonal and holiday concerts, Artist’s Garden, and Fine Arts
Department musical productions.
Chorale
Prerequisite: Audition
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
The LCS Chorale is an auditioned, mixed choir for grades nine through twelve. Singers perform (including
singing the National Anthem at our home athletic events), compete, lead in praise and worship, and tour
in the spring. The Chorale performs beautiful and challenging repertoire requiring vocal fundamentals
and a willingness to learn. The Chorale sings four-part music. Music reading skills are not required but
are taught. Pitch memory and a willingness of the heart to learn are required. Auditions are held in the
spring.


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DanzTeam
Prerequisite: Audition
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1 (may be used towards Fine Arts or Physical Education credit)
The DanzTeam is made up of a group of young women dedicated to dancing as they cheer for the LCS
sports teams. DanzTeam also increases school spirit, and performs at various half time events. A dancer
dedicates herself to early morning practices, after-school sporting events, competitions, clinics, and
community performances, as well as performing in Artist’s Garden. The time commitment consists of
daily practices, frequent weekend practices, and other after-school requirements. Above all, a LCS dancer
has a personal, growing relationship with Jesus Christ. DanzTeam members are selected in the spring.
Character, grades, conduct, recommendations, and talent are all considered.
Debate
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1 (may be used towards Fine Arts or Elective credit)
This specialized course trains students to analyze current social, political, and economic problems.
Students develop a working knowledge of political theory, from Socrates to Locke to Constitutional law,
as well as a greater understanding of the political process and current issues affecting our country and
the world. The course provides an introduction to Lincoln-Douglas, policy, and congressional debate.
During the class, students will develop a valuable skill set to defend their beliefs and values, including
analytical skills, quick thinking, research techniques, and rhetorical strategies. Participation in some
competitive debate is required.
Digital Art
Prerequisite: Art I
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Students will use Adobe Photoshop, Corel Painter, and other programs to create graphic design images,
digital sketches, and paintings. Technical aspects of digital brushes, painting tools, and layering image
adjustments will be explored. Elements of art and principles of design will be stressed as each student
learns to navigate within computer programs to create original artwork.
Encore
Prerequisite: Theatre I plus audition OR Theatre Design and Production plus interview
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This advanced theatre course is designed for students who wish to continue studying acting as part of a
theatrical troupe. Students will perform, direct, and compete in various scenes, plays, and school-wide
productions. Students also explore stagecraft and technical theatre as well as directing and production.
Students must be willing to participate in productions, competitions, and many other projects.
Throughout the preparation of each project, students explore acting styles, acting methods, and various
areas of theatre.


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Independent Study of Music
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This class is designed for students who are interested in learning music, and it can prepare those who are
interested in participating with the upper school band the following year. Students will learn to play a
traditional or jazz instrument of their choice, including percussion, guitar, piano, wind instrument, or
brass instrument. During this course study, students will build a foundation of instrumental skills, music
theory, and music history. It will also include an introduction to music composition and improvisation.
Theatre I
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course introduces students to the principles of acting through various acting styles, teachers, and
directing. Students participate in workshops that explore improvisation, competitive drama, and various
scene work including monologues, theatre history, duet acting, and more.
Theatre II
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course allows students to continue their exploration of acting through various intensive acting
styles, prominent teachers in the field of acting, and directing styles through scenes with the Theatre I
students. Students participate in workshops that explore competitive drama, various scene work
including monologues, theatre history, duet acting, and more.
Theatre Design and Production
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Students in this class will be responsible for the technical production of the numerous shows produced
by LCS throughout the year. Practical experience will be gained in the areas of stage management, set
construction, prop design, costume design and construction, as well as lighting and sound operation and
design. Students will also be members of backstage running crews and house management, and designers
and technicians will have the chance to work and manage various performances held on the LCS stage.
This course provides excellent opportunities for students interested in not only theatre design, but also in
architecture, engineering, interior design, and fashion design.


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Yearbook I
Prerequisite: Application/Interview process with teacher
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two Semesters; Credit: 1 (may be used towards Fine Arts or Elective credit)
This class introduces students to journalism and page design using Jostens Yearbook Avenue. This course
is also an introduction into photography using the Cannon Rebel XTi and 50D. Students learn to design
page layouts, take photos, and create text (headlines, secondary headlines, lead-ins, and story write-ups).
Yearbook II
Prerequisite: Yearbook I and Teacher Approval
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two Semesters; Credit: 1 (may be used towards Fine Arts or Elective credit)
Yearbook II is a more in-depth course. Students are expected to be the leaders in their classes, as well as
produce more spreads with quality photos and text. Editing may be assigned to students who are
responsible for organizing the ladder, editing pages in their sections, and teaching Yearbook I students
the process of layout. Exposure to Adobe Photoshop or Art Photography is a benefit.
Foreign Language
In consideration of the increasing desirability of second language competence in our global society and
the improvement in verbal skills achieved by students of modern and classical languages, the goal of this
department is to provide course offerings that will equip our students to excel academically and globally.
For credit in foreign language to be acceptable for college entrance, at least two years in the same
language must be completed. Many colleges expect students to complete three years in the same
language.
German I
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
German I is an introduction to the German-speaking world, its language, and its people. The main
emphasis is on early oral communication skills while developing reading and writing skills. Textbook
readings, audio-visual aids, and news items are utilized to promote comprehension.
German II
Prerequisite: German I
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is an extension of German I and continues to focus on oral communication skills as well as
more advanced reading comprehension studies.


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German III
Prerequisite: German II
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course continues to focus on the study of the German language, with in-depth study on oral
communication skills, written communication skills, and the German culture. The course utilizes the
textbook, workbook, and integrated audio and visual aids, as well as outside sources for enhancement
and effectiveness.
Mandarin I
Prerequisite: Approval from Academic Advising
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Mandarin I is an introduction to the Chinese-speaking world, its language, and its people. The main
emphasis is on early oral communication skills. The course includes basic grammar concepts, vocabulary,
and cultural background, along with an introduction to the pronunciation of Chinese characters using
Latin letters.
Mandarin II
Prerequisite: Mandarin I
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Mandarin II is a continuation of the study in the Chinese language and Chinese-speaking cultures,
focusing on vocabulary building and readings of culturally relevant authentic materials. Emphasis is on
developing oral, listening, reading, and writing skills in order to acquire proficiency in Chinese.
Mandarin III
Prerequisite: Mandarin II
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Students review structures of the language previously learned, concentrating on more complex as well as
new aspects of the language use and grammar. Conducted primarily in Chinese, the course introduces
students to new vocabulary for usage in situations of everyday living. The course also serves as an
introduction to Chinese proverbs and fables, Bible stories, and to the history and cultures of the Chinese-
speaking world. Students will be required to write short compositions, prepare oral presentations, and
develop in their Chinese conversational and listening skills.
Spanish I
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course introduces and develops the basic skills of understanding, speaking, reading, and writing the
Spanish language. The course includes basic grammar concepts, vocabulary building, and cultural
background. Simple conversation is emphasized.


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Spanish II
Prerequisite: Spanish I
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course continues the study of functional grammar; the expansion of vocabulary with emphasis on
the basic skills of understanding, speaking, reading, and writing; and the customs and culture of the
Spanish-speaking people. Conversational skills are expanded with skits and dialogues reflecting everyday
situations.
Spanish II Pre-AP
Prerequisite: Spanish I
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course continues the study of the Spanish language, focusing on proficiency using all four language
skills: listening comprehension, speaking, reading comprehension, and writing, with the emphasis on the
ability to communicate orally in the past, present and future tenses. The content of this course will be
accelerated and expanded to include more vocabulary and grammar, allowing the students to
communicate at a higher level than regular Spanish II. Culture, history, geography and literature are
studied to familiarize students with the cultural diversity in Spanish-speaking countries. The class will be
conducted in Spanish and students are expected to respond in Spanish.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
Spanish III
Prerequisite: Spanish II
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course includes the review and expansion of significant vocabulary and grammatical structures.
Students are involved in discussions in Spanish of current events, map study, selected readings, writing,
and dialogues based either on readings or life situations.
Spanish III Pre-AP
Prerequisite: Spanish II
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course builds on skills acquired in Spanish I and II. Students will develop more advanced skills in
speaking, listening, reading, and writing, with emphasis on the ability to communicate orally in the past,
present, and future tenses. The content of this course will be accelerated and expanded to include more
vocabulary and grammar than regular Spanish III. Students will continue to study culture, history,
geography, and literature of Spanish-speaking countries. The class will be conducted in Spanish and
students are expected to respond in Spanish.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.


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Spanish IV
Prerequisite: Spanish III
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Spanish IV covers grammar and vocabulary with a focus on refining listening, speaking, reading, and
writing skills. This is a course in extensive “Conversational Spanish.”
Mathematics
The Department of Mathematics bases its vision of mathematical proficiency on the school’s role as a
college preparatory school. The department strives to promote mathematical literacy and equip students
with the mathematical skills needed to succeed at the university level, to meet the challenge of
tomorrow’s technology, and to compete in the work force.
Algebra I
Prerequisite: Pre-Algebra
For grades: 8, 9
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
The first year of a two-year study of algebra that is designed primarily for eighth grade students, Algebra
I emphasizes rules, symbols, and the laws of arithmetic as applied to algebraic structure. Students obtain
analytical and critical thinking skills that will be the basis for future math classes.
Algebra I Pre-AP

Prerequisite: Pre-Algebra
For grades: 8 - 10
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Algebra I is the first year of a two-year study of algebra. The Pre-AP course is designed for students who
excel in math. This course emphasizes rules, symbols, and the laws of arithmetic as applied to algebraic
structure. In Algebra I, students obtain analytical and critical thinking skills that will be the basis for
future math classes while emphasizing problem solving. When compared to the standard Algebra I
course, the Pre-AP course moves at a faster pace, covers many topics in greater depth, and includes some
additional topics.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
Algebra II
Prerequisite: Algebra I, Geometry
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
The second year of a two-year study of algebra, Algebra II encourages mastery of concepts learned in
Algebra I and introduces students to new algebraic concepts and skills necessary to develop proficiency
in logical thinking and problem solving.


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Algebra II Pre-AP
Prerequisite: Algebra I, Geometry
For grades: 10 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Algebra II Pre-AP encourages mastery of concepts learned in Algebra I and introduces students to new
algebraic concepts and skills necessary to develop proficiency in logical thinking and problem solving.
Compared to the standard Algebra II course, the Pre-AP course probes some topics more deeply,
investigates some additional topics, and moves at a faster pace.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
Foundations for College Mathematics
Prerequisite: Algebra II
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Students will extend their mathematical understanding beyond the Algebra II level through the further
study of functions, their inverses, transformations, and their compositions. Applications using data,
regression models, sequences and series, probability, and matrices will also be studied. This course is
designed to be a bridge for students between Algebra II and College Algebra. Students are encouraged to
have a graphing calculator T183 (or equivalent).
Dual Credit Calculus I
MATH 2413
Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus
For grades: 11, 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5 (4 college-credit hours)
Fall only
The material covered is: limits and continuity, differentiation and integration of algebraic and
trigonometric functions, applications of differentiation, approximation and numerical integration,
Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
Note: Please see NCTC Requirements on page 5 for more information about Dual Credit courses.
Dual Credit Calculus II
MATH 2414
Prerequisite: Dual Credit Calculus I
For grades: 11, 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5 (4 college-credit hours)
Spring only
This course is a continuation of Dual Credit Calculus I and includes applications of integration,
differentiation and integration of transcendental functions, techniques of integration, sequences and
series, and plane analytic geometry.
Note: Please see NCTC Requirements on page 5 for more information about Dual Credit courses.


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Dual Credit College Algebra
MATH 1314
Prerequisite: Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II
For grades: 11, 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5 (3 college-credit hours)
This course includes equations and inequalities, functions and graphs, polynomial functions, exponential
and logarithmic functions, systems or equations, sequences and series, and applications.
Note: Please see NCTC Requirements on page 5 for more information about Dual Credit courses.
Dual Credit Statistics
Math 1342
Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus or Dual Credit College Algebra
For grades: 11, 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5 (3 college-credit hours)
In this course, students learn to use statistical techniques to interpret data with stated levels of
confidence and to make projections using trends in data. Due to the volume of data analyzed, and to
introduce students to the capabilities of modern technology, use of a graphing calculator is emphasized.
This course is useful in career fields such as research or business where analysis of data and projection of
trends is important.
Note: Please see NCTC Requirements on page 5 for more information about Dual Credit courses.
Geometry
Prerequisite: Algebra I
For grades: 9 - 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is ordinarily taken in the ninth grade by the student who plans to complete four math credits
in upper school. The primary focus of the course is Euclidean (plane) geometry with formal geometric
proof, although there are some solid geometry concepts introduced late in the course. The course also
teaches orderly logical thinking and writing of the results.
Geometry Pre-AP
Prerequisite: Algebra I
For grades: 9 – 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is designed for the student who excels in math, and is ordinarily taken in the ninth grade by
the student who plans to complete four math credits in upper school. This course covers topics more
deeply, progresses at a faster pace, and covers additional topics.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.


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Intermediate Calculus
Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is designed for college bound students who have completed Pre-Calculus and who seek to
develop skills at a more advanced level, delivered at a measured pace. Topics include elementary
functions, limits, differential calculus, and integral calculus. Applications include problems from business,
economics, life sciences, and social sciences. Students will also review many college algebra skills to help
prepare them for college math placement tests.
Pre-Calculus
Prerequisite: Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
The scope of the course includes trigonometry, identities, functions, graphing, sequences, series, conic
sections, matrices, and an introduction to calculus. This course is recommended for students interested in
pursuing university studies in the sciences, mathematics, or business.
Pre-Calculus Pre-AP
Prerequisite: Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
The scope of the course includes trigonometry, identities, functions, graphing, sequences, series, conic
sections, matrices, and an introduction to calculus. This course is recommended for students interested in
pursuing university studies in the sciences, mathematics, or business. Compared to the standard Pre-
Calculus course, the Pre-AP course probes some topics more deeply, investigates some additional topics,
and moves at a faster pace.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
Physical Education
Aerobics
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 9 – 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
As Christian young women charged with the stewardship and care of their physical bodies, this course
promotes the positive message of self-awareness. Each young lady pursues health through aerobic
activity, walking, jogging, and frequent use of the weight room. Aerobics is for girls only.


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Athletics
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 9 – 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Athletics is held during eighth period every day. Sports available for boys include football, basketball,
baseball, soccer, wrestling, swimming, tennis, golf, track and field, and cross-country. Sports available for
girls include volleyball, basketball, softball, soccer, swimming, tennis, golf, track and field, and cross-
country. Students enrolled in athletics are required to stay in athletics all year. (Please refer to the Student
Handbook for specific Physical Education Department Guidelines.)
Cheerleading—Junior Varsity
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 9, 10
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1 (may be used towards Fine Arts or Physical Education credit)
The Junior Varsity Cheerleading Squad is composed of ninth and tenth grade girls dedicated to cheering
for LCS’ sports teams and increasing school spirit. A cheerleader is a young woman who is dedicated to
early morning practices, after-school sporting events, and other related activities. The time commitment
consists of daily practices, occasional weekend practices, and other important after-school requirements.
Above all, an LCS cheerleader has a personal, growing relationship with Jesus Christ. Tryouts are held in
the spring. Character, various recommendations, grades, conduct, and talent are considered.
Cheerleading—Varsity
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 10 – 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1 (may be used towards Fine Arts or Physical Education credit)
The Varsity Cheerleading Squad is made up of upper school girls dedicated to cheering for LCS’ sports
teams and increasing school spirit. A cheerleader is a young woman who is dedicated to early morning
practices, after- school sporting events, and other related activities. The time commitment consists of
daily practices, occasional weekend practices, and other important after-school requirements. Above all,
an LCS cheerleader has a personal, growing relationship with Jesus Christ. Tryouts are held in the spring.
Character, various recommendations, grades, conduct, and talent are all considered.
Sports Management
Prerequisite: Instructor approval
For grades: 10 – 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1 (may be used towards Physical Eduction or Elective credit)
This course offers students a look at the diverse, expanding field of sport and recreation by providing a
comprehensive look at the basic organizational structures found in the sport industry. Students will
examine applications of managerial concepts and processes and the ways in which organizations interact
with each other. It also provides an in-depth look at the practices, procedures, and operations of major
event and facility management, including planning and managing these events. The main focus of these
principles will be on sporting events and accommodating facilities. (Please refer to the Student Handbook
for specific Athletic Department Guidelines.)



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Science

The Science Department at LCS desires to educate and challenge students to think creatively, logically,
and analytically, and to stimulate interest in science that provides a solid foundation for the next level of
education. The curriculum is designed to prepare each college-bound student with the background
necessary to pursue any science-related field. The College Preparatory degree plan includes four science
credits that include biology, chemistry, physics, and one year of elective science.
Anatomy and Physiology
Prerequisite: Biology, Chemistry
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This fast-paced course is designed to prepare students for continued studies in the medical and health
professions. Using a college text, students will study all major body systems. Included in the course are
weekly labs which involve dissections and physiological activities.
Applied Engineering
Prerequisite: Physics or concurrent
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Students have the opportunity to employ the engineering design process through design projects
including robotics and solar car. Students learn in-depth, computer-aided drawing and design, plus
systems engineering which includes mechanical, electrical, and fluid systems. This class is a rigorous
course of study that gives students who are pursuing a degree in engineering the skills and knowledge to
be more successful in college. Upon signing up for the class, the student agrees to compete with projects
to be entered into DC Best Robotics in the fall and the Solar Car Challenge the summer following the
course.
Biology
Co-requisite: Algebra I
For grade: 9
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Biology is a general investigation into and study of the many different aspects of living organisms. Topics
of study include, but are not limited to, molecular and cellular biology, genetics, genetic engineering,
evolution and creation, invertebrate and vertebrate anatomy and physiology, plants, microorganisms,
ecology, and taxonomy. Emphasis is placed on comprehension as well as application of biological
principles. Lab exercises are conducted every other week.
Biology Pre-AP
Co-requisite: Algebra I
For grade: 9
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is for those students desiring a more comprehensive and detailed study of the topics listed
under the Biology course. This course also prepares students for the Biology AP course.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.


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Biology AP
Prerequisite: Biology, Chemistry
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Biology AP is designed to be the equivalent of a freshman college biology course. The following topics are
examined in detail: biochemistry, cellular processes, energy, photosynthesis, cellular respiration,
heredity, modern genetics, creation and evolution, microorganisms and pathology, zoology and botany
(structure and function of animals and plants), and ecology. Lab exercises are included with each topic.
College credit, placement, or both are possible upon successful completion of the course and mastery of
the AP Examination.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
Chemistry
Prerequisite: Algebra I
For grade: 10
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Chemistry is an introductory study of the composition of and changes in matter. Topics include, but are
not limited to, atomic theory, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, molecular structure, solutions, quantum
theory, acids and bases, and introductory organic chemistry. Emphasis is placed on problem-solving,
application, and laboratory technique as well as deriving and testing established chemical laws. Lab
exercises are conducted every other week.
Chemistry Pre-AP
Prerequisite: Algebra I
For grade: 10
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Chemistry Pre-AP is a more comprehensive look at topics described for chemistry with emphasis on
mathematical problem solving and laboratory technique.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
Chemistry AP
Prerequisite: Chemistry, Algebra I
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is an expanded study of the topics covered in first year chemistry as well as several advanced
topics such as: chemical equilibrium, acid-base equilibrium, electrochemistry, nuclear chemistry, reaction
kinetics, and the chemistry of polymers. Emphasis is on the mathematical analysis of chemical reactions
and laboratory technique. On average, a lab will be held once a week. A summer reading assignment is a
vital part of the course.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.


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Forensic Science
Prerequisite: Biology, Chemistry
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Forensic science is an interdisciplinary science that is derived from all areas of science, psychology, law,
and sociology. This laboratory course is designed to introduce students to some of the basic fields of
study that play a role in forensic science. Students study the history of forensic science and major forensic
disciplines such as fingerprinting, entomology, anthropology, DNA analysis, serology, trace evidence, and
pathology. The course further develops the students’ communication and critical thinking skills through
use of scientific method and evidence interpretation.
Physics
Prerequisite: Biology, Chemistry, Algebra I, Geometry
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Physics covers the basics of mechanics, light, sound, magnetism, and electricity, yet does not rely as
heavily on the mathematical equations as does Physics Pre-AP. Lab work is included in the course. Hands-
on learning and projects are incorporated as students learn how things work and discover the creativity
and order present in the world God has created.
Physics Pre-AP
Prerequisite: Concurrent with Pre-Calculus or higher math, Algebra II, Biology, Chemistry
For grades: 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
Physics Pre-AP lays a foundation in physics for the AP course so the students can successfully master the
depth of material covered on the Physics AP exam. Lab work is an integral part of this course. Class
projects are incorporated.
Note: Please see page 3for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
Physics AP
Prerequisite: Chemistry, Pre-Calculus or concurrent, Physics, or teacher approval
For grades 11, 12
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course is a classic Newtonian physics course, including a semester study of linear and rotary motion,
forces, momentum, work, and energy. It also includes a study of waves, including sound and light waves
(electromagnetic waves). One section is dedicated to the study of electricity and one to exploring atomic
physics and those areas of physics that are still evolving.
This course is focused on the math of physics. While there is an occasional laboratory experiment, most of
the class effort is directed toward the math that makes physics work. This math requires extensive use of
trigonometry and algebraic equations. The entire course is focused on “story problems” to which specific
physics equations are applied to resolve or determine solutions for those problems. College credit is
possible upon successful completion of the course and mastery of the AP Examination. AP materials will
be introduced throughout the year to better prepare the students for that exam.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.


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Social Studies
Dual Credit Psychology
INTRO TO GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY – PSYC 2301 (on-line)
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 11, 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5 (3 college-credit hours)
Fall only (may be used towards Elective credit)
This dual-credit psychology course offers an introduction to the scientific study of human and animal
behavior, with the emphasis on the basic processes of learning, perception, motivation, emotion,
personality, and adjustment.
Note: Please see NCTC Requirements on page 5 for more information about Dual Credit courses.
Dual Credit Sociology
INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY – SOCI 1301 (on-line)
Prerequisite: None
For grades: 11, 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5 (3 college-credit hours)
Spring only (may be used towards Elective credit)
This course is a study of the nature of human society, cultural heritage, collective behavior, community
and social organizations, nature of social change, and methods and processes of social control.
Note: Please see NCTC Requirements on page 5 for more information about Dual Credit courses.
Economics
Prerequisite: World Geography, World History, or U.S. History
For grade: 12
Length: One semesters; Credit: .5
This course is intended to give students a thorough understanding of economics as it applies to the
economy on a macro level. Lessons include the study of supply, demand, price determination, economic
performance measures, inflation, unemployment, and financial budgeting as it applies within a Christian
perspective.
Economics AP
Prerequisite: World Geography, World History, or U.S. History
For grade: 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5
This course is intended to give students a thorough understanding of economics as it applies to the
economy as a whole. Lessons include analysis of national income and its components, price
determination, economic performance measures, inflation and unemployment, money and banking,
stabilization policies, and the United States and world trade. The course examines economic aspects of
fiscal and monetary policy-making from a Christian perspective. The AP Macroeconomics course includes
extensive reading accompanied by analytical writing as well as a group presentation. AP format testing is
administered throughout the semester to prepare the students to earn college credit through the AP
exam in Macroeconomics.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
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United States Government
Prerequisite: World Geography, World History, or U.S. History
For grade: 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5
This course includes the detailed study of the foundations of our government, the Constitution, the three
branches of government, and our political party system. The objective of this course is to prepare
students for their role as active and knowledgeable participants in our democratic processes. Because
our country has been blessed with economic, political, and religious freedom, Christians have the
responsibility of protecting and preserving these freedoms. A thorough knowledge of how our
government works is vital to fulfilling this responsibility.
United States Government AP
Prerequisite: World Geography, World History, or U.S. History
For grade: 12
Length: One semester; Credit: .5
This course follows the curriculum requirements for the AP United States Government and Politics
Course Description published by the College Board, along with LCS’ guidelines for a United States
government survey course. This course gives students an analytical perspective on government and
politics in the United States. It includes the study of American government institutions, political beliefs
and behaviors, political parties, interest groups, mass media, public policy, and civil rights and liberties. It
is a challenging course requiring extensive reading, critical analysis, and a knowledge of national and
international events. Developing a Christian worldview that will enable the student to be a
knowledgeable, informed, and involved citizen of our great nation is the ultimate goal for the AP U.S.
Government course.
Note: Please see page 3 for more information about Pre-AP/AP requirements.
United States History
Prerequisite: World Geography, World History
For grades: 11
Length: Two semesters; Credit: 1
This course includes the study of people, events, and issues from the Reconstruction Period after the Civil
War to the present. This survey includes the growth and development of our distinct and unique
American culture as our nation grew into a world power. The chronicle of successes and failures of
previous generations will serve as a guide for students in their own generational setting. This course also
focuses on the religious topics of the Great Awakenings and missionary and evangelistic expressions in
our history. Students can apply a Biblical stance, aligned with God’s will, to United States history and their