World Oceans Day World Oceans Week Canada

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Nov 8, 2013 (4 years and 1 month ago)

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1

World Oceans Day

World Oceans Week Canada


INDEX











Page


HISTORY OF WORLD OCEANS DAY





2


EDUCATION



Learn About the Water Cycle






3


Learn About Our Oceans






4


Why Should We Conserve Water at Home?


5


Learn About Mar
ine Life






6


Challenges Facing Our Oceans




8

-

Natural causes

-

Caused by humans


Solutions


What can we do





9




to make a difference?


Reducing Your “Carbon Footprint”

so you




10




can make a difference


STORIES









11


Dora and De
nnis the Dolphins







ACTIVITIES








20


Games

and Crafts


Clip Art


HOW TO
BE AN “OCEAN HERO”





21


Earn

an

OCEAN HE
RO Certificate


RESOURCES








23



Books


TV shows


Other websites




2

HISTORY OF WORLD OCEANS DAY

June 8th is World Oceans Da
y

The concept for a “World Ocean Day” was first proposed in 1992 by
the Government of
Canada

at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro.

As a result of a United Nations General Assembly

resolution

passed
in December 2008, World Oceans Day is now officially rec
ognized by
the U
nited
N
ations

as June 8th each year

and is celebrated around
the world.


Theme:

The World Oceans Day 2011 and

2012 theme is





“Youth: the Next Wave for Change”


Around the World:










People around the world help to protect our fu
ture by learning
the importance of the oceans we share and take action by doing
beach cleanups, educational programs, art contests, film festivals,
sustainable seafood events, conserve water everyday and recognize
how important our marine life and oceans a
re to everyone.


Review Questions:

What country had the idea to celebrate World Oceans Day?

What date is World Oceans Day?

Who is responsible for our Oceans?

Should we care for our oceans everyday?




3

EDUCATION

Learn About the Water Cycle



We have lots of

water in streams, rivers, lakes and our oceans.


We cannot make new water. We must take care of the water we
have.







When it rains, water fills our streams,
ponds,
r
ivers, lakes and
oceans. Then water

evaporates and forms clouds, so it can rain
again
.


It is very important for al
l of us to keep
all of our water clean
.



Review Questions

Can we make more water ?

What happens to rain water?

Who uses water ?



4

EDUCATION

Learn About Our Oceans


We have 5 oceans and many seas around our world.






Our oc
eans are named:





Pacific Ocean





Atlantic Ocean





Indian Ocean





Southern Ocean





Arctic Ocean


Oceans and Seas are salt water.


Our streams,
ponds,
rivers and lakes are fresh water.


Streams, ponds, rivers and lakes make up 3% of all the water

in our
world.


Oceans and Seas make up 97% of all the water in our world.


80% of the oxygen we breath comes from our oceans and seas.


Keeping all of our water clean is very important for plants, animals,
fish and people.


Review Questions

How many ocean
s do we have?

Who uses water?

Where does most of the oxygen we breath come from?

5

EDUCATION

Why Should We Conserve Water at Home?





We cannot make new water.



We cannot waste water.



We must save as much of the water we have.



We must keep our water clean


Easy Ways
for Children
To Save Water

-

Turn off the tap while we brush our teeth

-

Keep water in the fridge to keep it cold, instead of
running the tap for a long time every time we want a
drink of cold water

-

When washing the car, turn the water off while you
soap and scrub the car, turning the water back on to
rinse

-

When taking a shower, turn the water off while you
soap and scrub, turning the water back on to rinse

-

Check each water tap at home and tell your parents if
you see a tap leaking, so they can fix th
e tap to save
water


Water Conservation Websites:

http://www.wateruseitwisely.com/100
-
ways
-
to
-
conserve/index.php


htt
p://eartheasy.com/live_water_saving.htm


http://www.groundwater.org/kc/easywaystoconserve.html


http://www.culverco.c
om/eew_water/wisely/save.html


http://www.culverco.com/eew_water/wisely/goes.html


http://www.ec.gc.ca/educa
tion/default.asp?lang=En&n=5DA49E15
-
1



Review Questions

How can we save water ?

Can we make more water ?


6

EDUCATION

Learn About Marine Life













7


EDUCATION


Learn About Marine Life







Our oceans are beautiful.
Many plants and fish

live in our oceans.


All the plants and fish depend on us to help them.


To help them we must help keep our waters clean.



WEBSITES

Ocean Fish

http://www.oceanlight.com/fish.html


Canada Department of

Fisheries and Oceans

http://www.dfo
-
mpo.gc.ca/aquatic
-
aquatique
-
eng.htm


Living Oceans Society

http://www.livingoce
ans.org/education
-
station/creatures


Marine Life

http://marinebio.org/Oceans/Creatures.asp



Dolphins

http://dol
phins
-
and
-
more.com/what
-
are
-
the
-
32
-
types
-
of
-
dolphins.html


8

EDUCATION

Challenges Facing Our Oceans



NATURAL CAUSES

Earthquake


when it causes boats, houses or

cars to sink into the





ocean or waterways

and pollute the water

Volcano
-

when the lava,
ashe
s

and gasses

flow

into the ocean or




waterways
,
destroying plants and marine animals

Hurricane or Tropical Storm


when it breaks coral reef or causes




Debris to sink into the ocean or waterways and




pollute the water

CAUSED BY HUMANS

1


Over fishing

2


Irresponsible fish farming

3


Ghost fishing

4


Garbage

5


Acidification


too much
carbon dioxide
in the water

6


Dead Zones


no oxygen

7


Mercury pollution

8


Offshore drilling

9


Whaling and shark finning

10


Ocean warming

11


Destruction of habitat and coral reefs

Websi
tes:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_acidification


Globe and Mail

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/british
-
columbia/an
-
acidic
-
ocean
-
threatens
-
shellfish
-
farms/article2219387/


National Geographic for Kids

http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/k
ids/

http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/animals/


National Geographic

www.nationalgeographic.com


Canada Department of Fisheries and Oceans

www.dfo
-
mpo.gc.ca


Environment Canada

www.ec.gc.ca

9

EDUCATION

Solutions


What can we do




to make a differenc
e?



WE CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE

1.

We can save water and not waste our water.


2.

We can help keep our water clean in our streams, ponds,




rivers, lakes and oceans.


3.

Recycle plastic, cans and paper.


4.

Keep plastic out of our streams, ponds, rivers, lakes and
oc
eans. Plastic does not disappear like a piece of paper does

after awhile. Plastic hurts our

fish.


5.

Reduce our “Carbon Footprint”


6.

Only eat fish which are not endangered


7.

Help keep our air clean


8.

Be an ocean friendly pet owner



Ocean Preservation Websites

http://ocean.nationalgeographic.com/ocean/take
-
action/10
-
things
-
you
-
can
-
do
-
to
-
save
-
the
-
ocean/





10

EDUCATION


Reducing Your “Carbon Footprint” so
you

can make a difference



Each of us makes a footprint on our world. It is up to us to make sure
our footprint is
small which is
good.


If we damage plants or animals we are making a bad footprint. If we
help plants and animals our footprint is good.


I
f we damage (pollute) our water we are making a bad footprint. If we
help keep our water clean our footprint is good.


If we waste water we are making a bad footprint. If we help save
(conserve) water our footprint is good.


If we make a good footprint we
are making a good (positive)
difference and can become an OCEAN HERO.



Measure

Your Carbon Footprint

http://energydiet.canadiangeographic.ca/calculator



http://www.carbonfootprint.com/


Carbon Footprint 1 minute quiz

http://earthhour.zerofootprint.net/


Water Usage 1 minute quiz

http://gobl
ue.zerofootprint.net/




11

STORIES


Dora and Dennis, The Dolphins

Where They Live

(First story in a series for Children)




Dora and Dennis are Dolphins. They live in the
Pacific

Ocean.

Dennis is one year old. Dora is his Mother.



Dora is very big, as big

as 4 adults together. Dora takes care of
Dennis and watches over Dennis all the time.


Dennis is growing. He is already the size of one
human
adult.
Dennis learned to swim as soon as he was born.



Dora and Dennis live in a small village, called a pod, w
ith 60
other dolphins who are their family and friends. They swim together
and have fun together.



Dennis has friends named Nancy and Todd who are two years
old. Nancy and Todd like to show off. They can do jumps and flips in
the water. Dennis watches th
em carefully. It looks like so much fun.

Dennis dreams of doing jumps and flips just like Nancy and Todd.



“Dennis come and we will eat lunch” called Dora, his Mother.



“Can’t I watch Nancy and Todd some more, please, please?”
asked Dennis. “I want to
learn to do jumps and flips just like them”
said Dennis as he dreamed he could do it.



“When you grow big and strong like Nancy and Todd you will be
able to do jumps and flips just like them. For now, you must eat lunch
so you can grow big and strong” sai
d his Mom, kindly and with love.



**************************************************


12

Where They Live

Review Questions


Parent to Child
or

Teacher to Class:

1.

Where do Dora and Dennis live?

2.

C
an

you

find the
Pacific

Ocean on our map?

3.

How old
is Dennis?

4.

How big is Dennis?

5.

What is a pod?

6.

What are the names of Dennis’s friends?

7.

What is Dennis dreaming of doing?

8.

What did Dennis’s Mom tell Dennis he must do before he can
do jumps and flips?



Parent to Child
or

Teacher to Class:

Each of us can beco
me an OCEAN HERO. We have to promise to
help keep our rivers and lakes and oceans clean. Would you like to
be an OCEAN HERO?


Parent to Child ~
Teacher to Class:

Each of us can become an OCEAN HERO. We have to promise to
help keep our rivers and lakes
and oceans clean and save water.
Would you like to be an OCEAN HERO?


Please visit
www.WorldOceansDay.ca

to learn how to become
an OCEAN HERO.




13

Dora and Dennis, The Dolphins

How They Hear and Talk




Dora and Dennis are Dolphins. They live in the Pacific Ocean.

Dennis is one year old. Dora is his Mother. They live with their family
and friends in a group, called a pod.



Dora and Dennis can talk to each other in many ways. They
can make squeaks and
whistles from their blowhole at the top of their
body.







Dora and Dennis also talk with their body, moving their body a
special way to send a message.



Dolphins can learn words people speak to them. Dolphins can
mimic people.



14



People have not learn
ed to listen to Dolphins yet. People are
trying to learn to listen to Dolphins. Many scientists believe Dolphins
are as smart as people.



Dolphins hear by using their small ear openings on each side of
their head. Dolphins can hear more sounds than people

can.
Dolphins can hear seven times more sounds than people can hear.



Dolphins hear the sounds of other marine animals. Dolphins
also use sonar to see where other marine animals are. Sonar is
sending sounds out and feeling the reply. We think Dolphins se
nd
sound clicks using their forehead and feel the reply in their mouth.


**************************************************



Parent to Child ~
Teacher to Class:

1.

Where do Dora and Dennis live?

2.

Can you find the Pacific Ocean on our map?

3.

How old is Dennis?

4.

How does Dennis talk to his Mom?

5.

How does his Mom hear him?


Listen to the Dolphins


http://www.speakdolphin.com/recordings.cfm?play=1


Parent to Child ~
Teacher to Class:

Each of us can

become an OCEAN HERO. We have to promise to
help keep our rivers and lakes and oceans clean and save water.
Would you like to be an OCEAN HERO?


Please visit
www.WorldOceansDay.ca

to learn how to beco
me
an OCEAN HERO.




15

Dora and Dennis, The Dolphins

How They Play




Dora and Dennis are Dolphins. They live in the Pacific Ocean.

Dennis is one year old. Dora is his Mother. They live with their family
and friends in a group, called a pod.



All marine a
nimals living in our oceans play games. Dennis is
learning to play games with his Mother and the other Dolphins who
know over 300 different games.



Dennis likes to play catch. His Mother, Dora, holds a piece of
seaweed in her mouth and passes it to Dennis

very carefully so he
can catch it. Dennis passes the seaweed to their friend Todd. Then
Todd passed the seaweed to Nancy who catches it and passes it
back to Dora. Dennis is excited. It is his turn again. Dennis wants to
catch the seaweed on his first try

this time.



Dennis is very happy. He did it. He caught the seaweed on his
first try this time.



The next game is Dennis’ favourite game. All four dolphins will
swim upside down and blow bubbles. Then they will turn over and
chase the bubbles, trying to
catch each bubble before the bubble
reaches the top of the water. The winner will be the dolphin who
catches all of their own bubbles.



Dennis is fast at this game. His Mother, Dora, calls out to him.
“Are you ready Dennis?”




16


“Yes Mom, I am ready” Den
nis told her, very excited.



“Get ready, get set, GO” called out Todd.



Dennis swam upside down, blew bubbles, then turned over to
swim fast and catch the bubbles. He won! Dennis caught all his
bubbles before the bubbles reached the surface of the water

and
before the others caught their bubbles. Dennis is very happy!




**************************************************

Parent to Child ~
Teacher to Class:

1.

What games did Dennis play?

2.

What else could the Dolphins use to play catch with?

3.

Which game is
Dennis’ favourite game?

4.

What other games do you think Dennis could play?

5.

If we let plastic bags get into the ocean, would the Dolphins
play with the plastic bag? (sadly, scientists have seen
Dolphins play catch with plastic bags)

6.

Could the plastic bag hurt

the Dolphins?


See Dolphins Play

http://www.speakdolphin.com/games.cfm


Other Dolphin Games

http://www.ehow.com/how
-
does_4566670
_dolphins
-
play.html


Parent to Child ~
Teacher to Class:

Each of us can become an OCEAN HERO. We have to promise to
help keep our rivers and lakes and oceans clean and save water.
Would you like to be an OCEAN HERO?


Please visit
www.WorldOceansDay.ca

to learn how to become
an OCEAN HERO.


17



Dora and Dennis, The Dolphins

Dangers They Face




Dora and Dennis are Dolphins. They live in the Pacific Ocean.

Dennis is one year old. Dora is his Mother. The
y live with their family
and friends in a group, called a pod. They play together and watch
out for each other.



Dennis and his friends were having fun playing catch. Dennis is
the youngest so the others pass to him very carefully. They found a
plastic ba
g to play with.



“Do not play with that plastic bag Dennis” said his Mother, Dora.

“Plastic bags are dangerous. You could choke on it” she told Dennis
and his friends.



“But it is fun Mom, it floats and fills with water and the water
flows out of it when

we go to the shore. Please can I just play with it
for a little while?” pleaded Dennis.



“No Son, it is too dangerous. I will put it on a rock at the shore.
Plastic bags are too dangerous. People sometimes forget and leave
plastic bags, plastic rings and

other plastic things near the water. The
wind and the waves bring this garbage out to the ocean where it is a
danger for all of us living in the ocean” said his Mother sternly.



“There are other things which end up in the ocean because
people are not car
eful” Dennis’ Mother told him.


18



“Like what?” asked Dennis.



“Ropes, wire, fishing line, fish traps and cans are other things
we must be careful of because they will hurt us. And bigger things like
tires, old boats, motors, bicycles, wood boxes with nails
, pails, and
fishing rods. If it does not grow or live here in the ocean, you cannot
play with it or swim near it. Do you understand Dennis?” asked his
Mother.



“Yes Mother, I promise I will only play with sea weed and
leaves and other things which grow a
nd live in the ocean” said
Dennis sadly as the remembered all the garbage they saw one day
they were playing near the shore.



“Soon, when you get a bit bigger, we will travel to an area
where all the plastic has gathered. It is like a huge bowl of soup. T
he
plastic never goes away, it just breaks into small pieces. Some call it
the great pacific garbage patch
.
Your aunt saw one in the Atlantic
Ocean too” Dora said.



“Why do people do that? Don’t they like us?” asked Dennis.



“People like us Dennis, they
really do….. but they do not think
about the harm their garbage is for us and them when it ends up in
the ocean. Sometimes they forget to keep plastic and other garbage
away from the shoreline” Dora told her son Dennis.

************************************
**************



Parent to Child ~
Teacher to Class:

1.

Why can’t Dennis play with the plastic bag?

2.

What other garbage people put in the ocean or near the ocean
could hurt Dennis and his Mother?

3.

How does garbage in the ocean hurt people?

4.

How can we stop peo
ple from letting garbage go into our
ocean?




19

Parent to Child ~
Teacher to Class:

Each of us can become an OCEAN HERO. We have to promise to
help keep our rivers and lakes and oceans clean and save water.
Would you like to be an OCEAN HERO?


Ple
ase visit
www.WorldOceansDay.ca

to learn how to become
an OCEAN HERO.




20




AC
TIVITIES


Games and Crafts


Clip Art



Games

and Crafts

http://www.enc
hantedlearning.com/crafts/ocean/


Draw a Dolphin:

http://www.dolphins
-
world.com/how_to_draw_a_dolphin.html



Colour a Dolphin:

http://www.dolphins
-
world.com/Dolphin_Coloring_Pages.html


Dolphin Puzzle
s:

http://www.dolphins
-
world.com/Dolphin_Puzzles.html




Clip Art

http://www.lafishmag.com/clipart.html



http://www.thekidzpage.com/freekidsclipart/


http://akidsheart.com/
animals/anthemes.htm

Animal Themes, Ocean
Theme


http://classroomclipart.com/cgi
-
bin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?img=0&search=ocean&cat=all&bool=phrase


http://www.free
-
clipart
-
pictures.net/dolphin_clipart.html


http://www.webweaver.nu/clipart/sea
-
dolphins.shtml



21

HOW TO
BE AN “OCEAN HERO”



EARN
AN OCEAN HERO CERTIFICATE


You can become an
“OCEAN HERO”

and receive a certificate to
show everyone.


After you have completed the tasks, have your parent, Guide or
Scout Leader, email us to tell us you are recommended t
o become an
OCEAN HERO.


Here is what you have to do:


Criteria to earn an “OCEAN HERO” Certificate



Age 3


4



Grade: Pre School & Junior

Kindergart
en


Complete 4 of the following 6 activities to earn an OCEAN HERO certificate

1) Learn the basic facts a
bout the water cycle (ocean, cloud, rain, creek, lake, river,

ocean)

2) Learn the basic facts about our oceans

3) Pledge to conserve water and track the water you saved in a week


Hints:
-

by turning off the tap while you brush your teeth twice a day

you will save





30 Liters of water each day



-

put a container water in the fridge to keep water cold instead of running the


tap and wasting water each time you want a cold drink of water

4) Participate in a beach, stream, river
, lake or ocean shoreline clean up (weigh the bags



of waste you picked up and take a photo at the end to show your results)






individually or as a group. Wear gloves.

5) Pledge to not litter and to pick up litter near waterways whenever you see it.


Wear gloves to pick up litter.

6) Pledge to recycle cans, plastics, paper


Age 5


6 Grade
Senior
Kindergarten


Grade 1


Complete 4 of the following 8 activities to earn an OCEAN HERO certificate

1) Learn the basic facts about the
water cycle (ocean, cloud, rain, creek, lake, river,

ocean)

2) Learn the basic facts about our oceans

3) Pledge to conserve water and track the water you saved in a week


Hint:
-

by turning off the tap while you brush your teeth twice a day you will
save





30 Liters of water each day



-

put a container water in the fridge to keep water cold instead of running the


22


tap and wasting water each time you want a cold drink of water

4) Pledge to reduce your emissions “your carbon fo
otprint”, with examples of behavior

Example: walking or bike riding instead of driving, getting things done in one

trip instead of two.


Hint: You can use the emissions calculator online to track “your carbon footprint”

reduction

5) Participate in a bea
ch, stream, river, lake or ocean shoreline clean up (weigh the bags



of waste you picked up and take a photo at the end to show your results)






individually or as a group. Wear gloves.

6) Pledge to not litter and to pick up litter near waterways whene
ver you see it.


Wear gloves to pick up litter.

7) Learn about sustainable seafood / fishing practices or endangered species


8) Any other conservation or recycling project you choose, recording your results


CONTACT:

OceanHero@WorldOceansDay.ca





23

RESOURCES



Books


TV shows


Other websites



Books

Scholastic Books
http://www.scholastic.com/kids/stacks



Books available on Amazon

www.Amazon.com


Science Kids


Oceans and Seas: Kingfisher Publications

Marine Life

Navigators


Oceans and Seas: MacMillan Children’s
books





Books are
also
available at your
local
Library






TV

CBC TV series “See the Se
a”
http://www.cbc.ca/parents/feature/2009/01/see
-
the
-
sea.php


Knowledge Network

Underwater Explorers


Reruns of “Sea Hunt”



Other Websites:


National Geographic


Kids



http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/animals/creaturefeature/



British Columbia Environmental Network

http://www.ecobc.org/