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nebraskaboomOil and Offshore

Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Preliminary Debate Assignment

#3 and
#
4

1)

Insert your

“rough dr
aft” paragraph and your 2
-

3

main arguing points.

Please UNDERLINE your
thesis statement!!


2)

Then, you are going to add specific evidence (statistics, quotes, etc) under each of your
subheadings. BELOW IS AND EXAMPLE OF WHAT I’M LOOKING FOR:



a.

You need a minimum of FOUR statements for each subheading (main arguing point)



SAMPLE


††
Topic
:
The United States should not engage in offshore drilling.



Ever since the industrial
revolution introduced fossil fuels and the advancement of
transportation and mechanism, drilling for oil has always been a risky task for countries in the western
hemisphere. Drilling for oil in the Middle East was becoming more scarce and expensive throug
hout the
20
th

century, and many international debates believed that oil would be depleted within the past 40
years. Nonetheless, in a country depending so much on fossil fuels such as the United States, this belief
led to the US drilling off their own coas
t, leading to offshore drilling.
Although offshore oil drilling
eliminates some reliance on foreign oil in the Middle East, there are several disturbing economic and
environmental disasters that have emerged.

I.

Off shore Drilling is
Expensive


a.

In an April

2010 website article (unknown author) called
Culture Change
, “
The oil
industry spends approximately $150 billion annually to search for new drilling sites.”
(1)

b.

In a July 2009 magazine article by Jonah Goldberg called
Fossil Future: New Supplies
of Oil
and Coal Must Be Part of Any Rational Energy Policy
, Let alone finding the
drilling sites, the construction of drilling sites 5,000 feet under the ocean is
extremely expensive. (4)

c.

In a July 2009 magazine article by Jonah Goldberg called
Fossil Future: New

Supplies
of Oil and Coal Must Be Part of Any Rational Energy Policy
, whenever there is an
offshore drilling disaster such as an explosion causing a leak, the environmental
costs to clean the mess in the ocean are ridiculous. One of these leaks can kill
th
ousands of fish as well, and costs years to repair. (4)

d.

In an April 2010 website article (unknown author)
called
Culture Change
, for
example, “In May 1992, Chevron USA pleaded guilty to 65 violations of the Clean
Water Act and paid $8 million in fines for
illegal discharges from the company's
production platform of the California coast.” (1)


II.

Off
-
shore drilling c
reates air and water pollution


a.

In an April 2010 website article (unknown author) called
Culture Change
,
“Dump
more than 90,000 metric tons of dril
ling fluid and metal cuttings into the ocean” (1)

b.

In an April 2010 website article (unknown author) called
Culture Change
,
“Drill
between 50
-
100 wells, each dumping 25,000 pounds of toxic metals, such as lead,
chromium and mercury, and potent carcinogens l
ike toluene, benzene, and xylene
into the ocean” (1)

c.

In an April 2010 website article (unknown author) called
Culture Change
,
“Pollute
the air as much as 7,000 cars driving 50 miles a day.” (1)

d.

In an April 2008 website article by Dan Shapley called
One

400
-
Gallon Argument
Against Offshore Drilling
, there have been many cases of not only oil spills, but PCB
spills as well. “For two years, according to the EPA, Exxon just ignored a PCB leak,
allowing at least 400 gallons of the notoriously toxic and long
-
lived oil to leak into
the open waters of the Pacific. PCBs have been found in Arctic wildlife not because
there are significant PCB plants, uses or dumps there, but because they travel with
the weather and have rained down, polluting otherwise pristine en
vironments. PCBs
are the reason you can't safely eat most fish in the Hudson, the Housatonic, the Fox
and other iconic American rivers. PCBs stick to fat and accumulate in the tissues of
living things, becoming more concentrated in animals higher on the fo
od chain.” (2)


III.

Humans are so dependent on oil, yet we don’t actually know how much is left, and spending
millions of dollars for offshore drilling could be way too time consuming and such a waste.

a.

In an April 2010 website article (unknown author) called
Culture Change
, “
There is
an ecological limit to the use of oil: scientists warn of serious global warming as we
continue to burn more and more oil.” (1)

b.

In a 2008 journal article by Stephen L. Baird called
Offshore Oil Drilling: Buying
Energy Independence

or Buying Time?

even in the 1970s, people believed the Earth
supply of oil was running out. If we continue to ignore these possibilities, we might
end up in more of an economic crisis than we already are. (5)

c.

In an April 2010 website article (unknown auth
or) called
Culture Change
,
eventually
oil drilling will need to end soon in order to sustain society, the environment, and
the economy. (1)

d.

In an April 2010 website article (unknown author) called
Culture Change
,
“Dependent on diminishing, unreliable sourc
es that just add to global warming, road
slaughter, etc.” (1)

e.

In an August 2008 website article (unknown author) called
Snake Oil
, “the US only
has an estimated 3% of the world’s oil reserves.” This number could rise in the
preceding years; however, the
chances are slim, and the US doesn’t have enough “o
impact the global market or drill our way to lower gas prices. (3)

f.

In an August 2008 website article by Dan Shapley

called
One 400
-
Gallon Argument
Against Offshore Drilling
, “Better to invest in alternati
ves now, while we still have
enough oil to run the economy, than to postpone the inevitable and invite a future
of persistent scarcity and high costs that dwarf those we've endured recently.” (2)