Initiative within the National Cadastre

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Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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2013. 03. 10.

Korea Cadastral Survey Corp.

2013 World Bank Conference

Korea’s PPGIS(Public Participatory GIS)
Initiative within the National Cadastre

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Contents

Introduction

Public Participatory GIS

PPGIS Initiative in Cadastre

Question

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1. Introduction

Geographic Information System (GIS)

Outline


Integrate hardware, software and data


Display and manage geographical information


Framework for gathering and organizing spatial data

Main functions


Understand, interpret, and visualize information


Analyze spatial relationship and model spatial processes


Tool for decision
-
making

Application


Welfare, Business, Transportations, Environment…

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1. Introduction

Web 2.0

Second generation of the World Wide Web


Open platform


Web
-
based communities of users


User collaborate and share information online

Concepts


Openness, Sharing, Participation, Collaboration

Examples


Google Maps, Wikipedia, Flicker, Delicious…

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1. Introduction

Public Participatory

Definition


A democratic process of engaging people in thinking, deciding, planning, and playing
an active part in the development and operation of services
-

Liffman
, 1992



Feature


Two
-
way communication and collaborative problem solving


Prevent or minimize disputes by creating a process for resolving issues


Public involvement, community involvement, stakeholder involvement

Benefits


Creates a better understanding of a project and its objectives


Encourage citizen
-
focused service delivery


Develops a clear sense of direction for communities

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2. Public Participatory GIS

What is PPGIS ?

Outline


The term PPGIS came into the world in 1996


-

the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis(NCGIA)
-



Mechanism of decision
-
making for non expert using Web
-
GIS about location
-
based
problems

Feature


Application of accessing to various information made by government or private
organizations


More important to participate in democratic society


Best case of collective intelligence


Overcome

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2. Public Participatory GIS

Service type of PPGIS

Service

Upper Class

Lower Class

Contents

Information

Provide

Basic Information

Provide

basic information to understand the policy

GIS Analysis

Information

Provide objective information through GIS Analysis

Interaction

Web mapping

Grasp current situation of Target area using Web
-
GIS

Simulation

Visualization

and utilization of multimedia

Participation based

Participation based Web mapping

User declaration

of intention for policy

Data Access

Data access Service

Access to the provider level authority

and data search engine service

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Technology of PPGIS

Web / Mobile GIS


Easy to induce public participation


Accessible to System

Geo
-
Visualization


“To see is to believe”


Visualization is a common language both expert or nonprofessional


Enable effective information delivery


Multimedia, Virtual Reality(VR ), 3D etc.

2. Public Participatory GIS

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2. Public Participatory GIS

Example

PPGIS FORUM

USGS


THE NATIONAL MAP

PLANNING PORTAL

MAPPLER

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3. PPGIS Initiative in Cadastre

Status of PPGIS in South Korea

Concept of PPGIS was first adopted in 2005


A Study on Development of a PPGIS for Transparent National Spatial Policies


Approach


Resolution of a social conflict in national projects


Provide information of project
feasibility analysis


Construct public service system about education and information


Reflect opinions of the public


Information sharing in plan, execution and results

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3. PPGIS Initiative in Cadastre

Status of PPGIS in South Korea

Seoul GIS Portal Service

Data Service


Welfare, Environment, Cultural tourism info.


Various city statistics


Demographic, education, housing, traffic info.

Citizen participation


Map update


Settle a civil complaint


Business advertisement

Seoul achieve top ranking in e
-
government web portal from 2003 to 2012

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3. PPGIS Initiative in Cadastre

Spatial Information Open Platform

Objective


Public use of national basic information


Promotion of spatial information industry


Virtuous circle of national information quality


Features


Open platform


Offer various national basic information


Support application development


Provide “Public Participation Service”


Integrated Map Service

Developer Center

3D Desktop Service

Participation Service

Participation Service

Data Center

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3. PPGIS Initiative in Cadastre

Spatial Information Open Platform

Providing data


from 9 ministries and 47 administrative data systems


Real world
-

Aerial photo, topographic map


Physical elements
-

road, building, drainage


Logical elements
-

urban planning, cadastre boundaries

Participation Service


Share personal experience and knowledge


Cultural assets, entertainment, 3D buildings, festival information

Developer Service


Map open
-
API


Data open
-
API

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3. PPGIS Initiative in Cadastre

Spatial Information Open Platform

Examples


G20 & Seoul Nuclear Security Summit (2012, Security Control)


Expo 2012
Yeosu

Korea (2012, 3D Map Service)


Add to New Address System (2013 ~ )

Future


Plug in various national spatial information


Site Information

Traffic Information

Overlapped Cadastre Map

Urban Planning

New Address System

Land Use Map

Underground

Facilities

Forest Type Map

3D Buildings

Land Price Data

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3. PPGIS Initiative in Cadastre


Cadastral Reform Project


Period : 2012 yr. ~ 2030 yr.


Budget : 1.1 billion US dollars


Problems


S
everal geodetic networks


not homogeneous


Various
M
ap Scale


overlap or separation


Unmatched areas


15% of the country


Local geodetic system


Map
-
based boundary


conflict with ground boundary

Cadastral Reform Support System
-

PPLIS

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3. PPGIS Initiative in Cadastre

Cadastral Reform Support System
-

PPLIS

Improvement Scheme


Renew land
category system and parcel
boundary


Creating Digital Map


Improve boundary accuracy : 7cm ↓


Adopting World Geodetic System


Establishing the foundation of 3D Cadastre

Main Issues


Need to form a social consensus


Resolve boundary disputes


Communicate with stakeholder smoothly

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3. PPGIS Initiative in Cadastre

Design of PPLIS

Using Web
-
based GIS technology

Adopting user friendly graphic interface

Offering participation
-
based functions

Implementing Geo
-
Visualization of analysis data

Ensuring the transparency of decision
-
making

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3. PPGIS Initiative in Cadastre

Cadastral Reform Support System
-

PPLIS

Objective


Form a social consensus


Reflect of opinions of citizen

Feature


Real time customer service


Present state of project


Project advertisement


Resurvey result announcement

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4. Question

Thank you for your attention