What is Biotechnology?

mutebabiesBiotechnology

Dec 6, 2012 (5 years and 1 month ago)

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BITC2441



Molecular Biology

Dr. Larry Loomis
-
Price

What is Biotechnology
?


The industrial use of living
organisms or biological techniques
developed through basic research.


The results of biotechnology
include products such as
antibiotics, insulin, interferon,
vaccines, as well as new
techniques, including recombinant
DNA and bioremediation (waste
recycling).


Much older forms of biotechnology
include the methods we use for
making bread, yogurt, cheese, beer
and wine.

+ Bacteria

+ Yeast

Ancient Egyptian Beer




Biotechnology
-

the use
of organisms (or parts,
such as DNA) to make
useful products

Genetically
Engineered Products

Pharmaceuticals

Pest
-
resistant crops

Diagnostics

Energy

Environmental

Manufacturing

Modern
Biotechnology


Molecular Medicine


Agriculture/Aquaculture


Bioremediation


DNA Forensics


Human Genome Project

Biotechnology
-

Disciplines


Agriculture


Biochemistry


Ecology


Energy


Genetics


Medicine


Microbiology


* Molecular biology *


Pharmaceuticals

What is Molecular
Biology?


More specific
-

study of gene
structure and function at the
molecular level (overlap with
Genetics)


More general
-

the study of any
biological process at the
molecular level (overlap with
Biochemistry)

BITC
2401
-


Molecular Biology


Do a major project where you
will isolate, purify and
sequence DNA from the plant
source of your choice.


Continue with some basic
approaches to studying RNA at
the molecular level


Add in the study of biological
processes at the computational
level (bio
-
informatics)

Blood clots

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a
condition in which a blood clot
(thrombus) develops in deep veins
of the body, … the blood clot can
break free (called emboli) and
become lodged in the blood
vessels of the lung causing
pulmonary embolism (PE).
20

Lovenox



New in

Molecular Biology


Neanderthal Gene Sequencing


Molecular Biology News


Genetics of temperament


Synthetic life


Personal genomes


RNA basis of life


Cloud computing


Continued

Genetic code for
allergies

How a mutation in a skin protein
revealed a link between eczema and
asthma.