Mobile Learning

murmerlastUrban and Civil

Nov 16, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Mobile Learning

Horton, Chapter 9


Team Trois


People and the
world

Mobile Learning is…

Mobile individuals using

mobile techniques and

technologies to participate in

established forms of learning

Learning from all around us and


all things around us;

p
eople, places and things


Starting with worthy goals; weigh risk against reward ($,$,$...)



Taking advantage of teachable moments; learn when you are
ready and the situation presents itself



Ideal for “outdoor” subjects; astronomy, cooking or photography
for example


Accommodating the mobile learner


Make learning healthier; learners can move around. This allows better blood
flow and a better ability to concentrate and pay attention



Take advantage of any opportunity to teach; everyone has empty time while
they are waiting for an event to occur whether traveling or waiting for an
elevator. Seize the moment to teach.



Enable virtual attendance; few students outside university have the
opportunity to attend classroom lectures. As I am typing this, virtual
attendance is allowing me to participate from El Paso, TX.



Reduces cost for infrastructure; may translate to savings for students



The world is mobile and will become more so in the future

Adapt existing learning for mobile learners

Enable participation




Use an online meeting tool to record events ; make sure the tool works on


multiple operating systems



Publish meeting results to cover those who are not able to attend; make
meeting times convenient



Ensure materials are readable on mobile devices; make tap areas large enough
and far enough apart



Use an appropriate forum to ask questions or make comments; ensure
discussions take place over days not minutes and in smaller chunks of time, not
marathon sessions




Open book tests and job aids work best



Ensure the entire course is in a virtual
-
classroom format; keep it simple


minimize typing

Adapt existing learning for mobile learners


Determine how people will submit homework and other deliverables; allow for
easy upload and download



Assign a virtual study
-
buddy and require detailed profiles to include photo;
make social learning mobile


think about tools to use



Design activities so all can participate



Post assignments well in advance and make them easy to find especially those
deemed critical



Open book tests and job aids work best



Ensure the entire course is in a virtual
-
classroom format; keep it simple


minimize typing

Use The Capabilities of the Device

Use The Capabilities of the Device

*
Screen
display


*
Video playback

* Bar
-
code reader

*
Still Camera

* Video Camera


*
Data Probes



* Interface for TV

*
Voice
-
to
-
text

* Spreadsheet with charting



* Augmented realit
y


* Interface for projector



Use The Capabilities of the Device

* radio
-
frequency identification (RFID)
reader

* Audio playback

* Audio recorder

* Edit audio

*Voice control

* Text
-
to
-
voice synthesis

*

Use The Capabilities of the Device

* Bluetooth



*

E
-
mail

*

Web
brower



*

Text
Messaging

*

Edit
photographs


*

phone
call

*

Edit
and format text

*

Social
networking

*

wireless
networking




*

External
microphone




Clock


Calendar


Calculator


Contacts list


GPS


Map display


Navigation


Keyboard


Screen


external keyboard


Battery Charger


Extra Batteries

Be ware of the "UEM
-
DOG"

The user

busy, engaged in other activities the user consider more important
than learning
\

traveling
\

distracted
\

in remote location, possible off
the grid
\

in a different time zone
\

using a personal, rather than a
corporate device.


The environment

Noise
\

Vibration
\

Bright light
\

Darkness
\
Dust
\

Moisture and humidity
\

Heat
\

Heat | Cold | Wind
\

Electromagnetic fields


the mobile device capabilities

screen size
\

Battery life
\

Intermigttent connection or none
\

slow
connection
\

printing device
\

storage limitations
\

file formats
supported
\

browser support of standards


Design Guidelines for Overcoming
Limitations


Make Mobile
Learning
:

Engaging

Effective

Design for Easy Reading


Provide overviews &
summaries



Use headings &
audio



Provide display
adjustments



Use simple
backgrounds


Maintain Contact with Learners


Provide 24 hour tech
support



Text to communicate



Prompt teacher
response



Classmate support


Design for Devices Learners Have



Know what devices students
have



Design web content for
several
browsers



Forego using rare features



Test learning using multiple
devices

Use Learners' time efficiently



Maximize learning during
travel



Analyze data & draw
conclusions



Accept typos & abbreviations



Explain the reason behind the
activity

Fit Text & Graphics to the Display

For small devices:



Present only core
material


Use meaningful
content


Put secondary content
at the bottom


Reduce content
display


Use a brief version
linked to a full version


Test pages at small
sizes




Design for Various Speeds and
Network Connections



Zip and condense


Design for Hot Spot up
to 4G


Break content into
small files


Provide for on
-
device
storage


No time limits on tests


Allow downloadable
content for use without
internet




Simplify Entering Text



Relax rules of writing


Replace questions with
short answer


Allow voice submissions


Voice to text


No time limits on tests


Allow downloadable
content for use without
internet




Real Mobile Learning &
Apprenticeship


We learn from the world
rather than mobile devices,
but mobile devices assist



Mobile devices have revived
apprenticeship programs
because you can be
anywhere without the
expense of being away from
home



Inject Mobile Activities
into other Forms of
Learning


Mobile activities can occur
within conventional
classroom and e
-
learning
lessons

Media Source

ears

http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&gbv=2&biw=
1092&bih=533&tbm=isch&tbnid=D6E_RhFHf
eJdQM:&imgrefurl=http://insidetheshrink
-
dailygrace.blogspot.com/2012/04/scratch
-
my
-
ears.html&docid=zYfaNeP1
-
c4MiM&imgurl=http://2.bp.blogspot.com/
-
s6C3BCebcZE/T4rCnl2giXI/AAAAAAAACYg/
FWTAA4ApDdg/s1600/What
-
I
-
Want
-
To
-
Hear.jpg&w=400&h=480&ei=POzcT66ZFuS4
6gGDz5i_Cw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=452&sig
=110815151873460028396&page=2&tbnh=1
58&tbnw=132&start=10&ndsp=16&ved=1t:42
9,r:8,s:10,i:197&tx=77&ty=103


communication


http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&gbv=2&biw=
1092&bih=533&tbm=isch&tbnid=0sbhrRKOy
C7oyM:&imgrefurl=http://www.churchinwales.
org.uk/llandaff/diocesan_information/communi
cation/index.html&docid=w5YUcnlOU0L86M&
imgurl=http://www.churchinwales.org.uk/lland
aff/images/dio_inf/communication/graphic2.jp
g&w=302&h=315&ei=VO3cT5v
-
O
-
Sn6AGn
-
om
-
Cw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=379&sig=1108151
51873460028396&page=3&tbnh=160&tbnw=
151&start=24&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:24,i
:256&tx=84&ty=84



5Senses
http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&biw=109
2&bih=533&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=bhb0vfLd
mxrybM:&imgrefurl=http://leavingbio.net/THE%
2520SENSES_files/THE%2520SENSES.htm&
docid=I21ISAaFHOlwSM&imgurl=http://leaving
bio.net/THE%252520SENSES_files/THE%252
520SENSES_files/image002.jpg&w=300&h=29
2&ei=KencT4u9K
-
W06gGG67mPCw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=647
&sig=110815151873460028396&page=1&tbnh
=136&tbnw=140&start=0&ndsp=11&ved=1t:42
9,r:4,s:0,i:152&tx=91&ty=70

eye


http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&gbv=2&b
iw=1092&bih=533&tbm=isch&tbnid=pnpAk6otf
PgxPM:&imgrefurl=http://www.pascoeye.com/&
docid=Lgj2KAdqHabD7M&imgurl=http://www.p
ascoeye.com/yahoo_site_admin/assets/images
/eye.275155757_std.jpg&w=500&h=375&ei=B
OrcT5GQEIb16AGyx6WVCw&zoom=1&iact=rc
&dur=362&sig=110815151873460028396&pag
e=1&tbnh=140&tbnw=178&start=0&ndsp=10&v
ed=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:147&tx=102&ty=84

World with people
http://www.workingpeople
.org/wp
-
content/uploads/2011/09/W
orking
-
People51.gif


hard ware
http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&gbv=2&biw=1092&bih=533&tbm=
isch&tbnid=c5Bbmnrvy42YaM:&imgrefurl=http://www.freeiconsdownloa
d.com/Free_Downloads.asp%3Fid%3D532&docid=IUAYnLoZNSK35M
&imgurl=http://www.freeiconsdownload.com/site
-
images/Large/Visual
-
Computer
-
Hardware
-
452.jpg&w=452&h=336&ei=gO_cT5HPJLT16AG9yqWCCw&zoom=1&i
act=hc&vpx=376&vpy=202&dur=473&hovh=192&hovw=259&tx=117&ty
=117&sig=110815151873460028396&page=3&tbnh=152&tbnw=203&st
art=23&ndsp=14&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:23,i:234

slide #1

http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&gbv=2
&biw=1092&bih=533&tbm=isch&tbnid=upow
dDGWg905pM:&imgrefurl=http://blogs.msbco
llege.edu/2012/04/27/what
-
is
-
your
-
preferred
-
method
-
of
-
communication/&docid=Iifn9N2sfLJlzM&imgu
rl=http://blogs.msbcollege.edu/wp
-
content/uploads/2012/04/Communication.png
&w=446&h=328&ei=VO3cT5v
-
O
-
Sn6AGn
-
om
-
Cw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=473&vpy=4&dur=
3518&hovh=192&hovw=262&tx=197&ty=85&
sig=110815151873460028396&page=3&tbnh
=152&tbnw=173&start=24&ndsp=15&ved=1t:
429,r:2,s:24,i:237