Smart Grid Standards Overview and Work Plan July 2013 SG15 meeting

mundanemushroomsElectronics - Devices

Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Smart
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Grid
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workplan
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July
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2013

Smart Grid

Standards Overview

a
n
d Work Plan

July 2013

SG
15 meeting


Contact persons for project updat
es
:


Study Group 15 Counsellor

Mr. Greg Jones

International Telecommunication

Union (ITU)

Place des Nations

1211 Geneva 20

Switzerland

Tel.: +41 22 730 55
15

Fax: +41 22 730 5853

E
-
mail:
greg.jones@itu.int

Study Group 15 Chairman

Mr.
Ste
ph
en
J.
Trowbridge

Alcatel
-
Lucent

5280 Centennial Trail Boulder

Colorado 80303
-
1262

USA

Tel
:
+1 720 945 6885

E
-
mail:
Steve.Trowbridge@alcatel
-
lucent.com


Question 15
/15

Rapporteur

Mr.
Stefano Galli

ASSIA, Inc.

333 Twin Dolphin Dr.

Redwood City
,
CA 9
40
65

USA

Tel
: +
1
650
-
801
-
4120

Mobile:

+1
917
-
532
-
4468

Email
:
sgalli@assia
-
inc.com





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Smart
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workplan
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July
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SMART GRID
STANDARDS OVERVIEW

AND WORK PLAN

1. Introduction

................................
................................
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..........................

3

2. Smart Grid and Communications
................................
................................
.........................

3

3. Smart Grid Activities in ITU
-
T

................................
................................
............................

4

4. Existing Recommendations

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................................
................................
.

6

5. Strategic Aspects

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..................

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Smart
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SMART GRID
STANDARDS OVERVIEW

AND WORK PLAN

ISSUE 1
,
JULY 2013

1. Introduction

Global coordination on Sm
art Grid is taking place in IEC
.

The
Smart Grid strategic view and
roadmap
of IEC
(including standards gaps and recommendations) can be found here:

http://www.iec.ch/smartgrid

ITU
-
T will cooperate with the IEC co
ntributing the communications
-
related aspects of Smart Grid.

Collaboration with IEC TC 57 has already started, and will be extended to other IEC TCs and
external organizations as appropriate.


2
.
Smart Grid and Communications

The Power Grid is a commodity
delivery system where the commodity (electric power) has a
production
-
to
-
consumption cycle time of
almost
zero: generation, delivery and consumptio
n happen
“all” at nearly the same time. The challenge of balancing generation and demand

will escalate with
t
he integration of
new technologies aimed at sustainably addressing energy independence and
modernization of the aging power grid, e.g.
,

renewable energy sources
,

distributed energy resources
(
DER
)
,
plug
-
in electric vehicles
,
demand
-
side management and resp
onse,
storag
e, consumer
participation, etc.
Balancing generation and demand of a “perfect just
-
in
-
time system

require
s

the
integration of additional protection and control technologies
to

ensure grid stability


not a trivial
patch to
the current grid
and

a true design challenge

as b
oth
the
generation and load become
stochastic

in nature.

For supporting the above technologies and applications, it is necessary to ensure the availability of a
modern, flexible and scalable communications network that will tie

together the functions of
“monitoring” and “control.” Information and communication technologies will allow utilities to
remotely locate, isolate and restore power outages more quickly, thus increasing the stability of the
grid. Information and communicat
ion technologies will also facilitate the integration of time
-
varying renewable energy sources into the grid, enable better and more dynamic control of the load,
and will also empower consumers with tools for optimizing their energy consumption.

The teleco
m
munication

industry has a very important role in Smart Grid applications, for example
broadband access can be used in Demand Side Management and cloud
-
hosted energy service
providers can
also
reach the home via existing broadband access technologies. Addi
tionally, the
consumer electronics industry will develop products on the basis of new energy efficiency standards
and these products will also support Smart Grid applications. The convergence of telecom, power
and consumer electronics industries for Smart
Grid applications will drive a new eco
-
system of
products. This convergence must happen under the auspices of international SDOs.


The support of these applications and industry convergence will require the development of new
Recommendations and enhancemen
ts to existing Recommendations covering all aspects of
narrowband and broadband communications and their management across the power grid from
generation to load. These studies will include communications issues from the physical layer to the
transport
or
higher layer protocols over heterogeneous networks, as well as the definition of Smart
-

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Smart
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workplan
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July
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Grid
requirement and
communication architecture. Given the interdisciplinary nature of Smart Grid
applications, it is expected that a high degree of cooperation with oth
er ITU
Sectors (ITU
-
R, ITU
-
D), ITU
-
T
Study Groups
,

Questions
, Focus Groups (FGs), Joint Coordination Activities (JCAs),
Global

Strategic Initiatives (GSIs),
as well as other international bodies will be required.

Within the ITU
-
T, the study and development

of Recommendations related to transport in the
access network is being carried out in a number of different Study Groups

(see Table 1 below)
, e.g.
,

SG
s

5, 9
, 13, 15
, 16 and 17
.

Also
other ITU
-
T initiatives such as FGs and JCAs
address topics
related to t
he Smart Grid.
ITU
-
R and other standards bodies, forums and consortia are also active in
this area.

See Sect. 2 for a list of such activities.

Recognizing that without a strong coordination effort there is the danger of duplication of work as
well as the d
evelopment of incompatible and non
-
interoperable standards, the
ITU
-
T
designated
Study Group 15 as
the
Lead Study Group

on
Smart
G
rid
.


3
.

Smart Grid Activities in ITU
-
T

This
section
provides an overview of the existing
Smart Grid
related
ITU
-
T activities.

Several ITU
-
T
study groups
are working on Smart Grid related topics.
Table
1

below gives an
updated overview of such activities.

Table
1



ITU
-
T
study groups
working on Smart Grid related topics

Items

SGs
and aspects

(1) M2M

SG13

Q3/13 USN, MOC

QA/13 (currently Q3/13)
Requirements for NGN evolution
(NGN
-
e) and its capabilities including support of IoT

QC/13 (currently Q5/13)
Functional architecture for NGN
evolution (NGN
-
e) including support of IoT

Q12/13
Ubiquitous networking (object to object
communication)

SG15

Q1/15 IP home network

and gateway

SG16

Q25/16 USN applications and services

(2) Smart
metering

SG15

Q
15
/15
:

PHY/DLL aspects of smart metering

(3) Vehicle
communication

SG13

Q12/13 networked
vehicle

SG16

Q27/16 Vehicle gateway platform for telecommunication/ITS
services /applications

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Items

SGs
and aspects

(4) Access and
home
networking

SG9

Q5/9
Functional requirements for a universal integrated
receiver or set
-
top box for the reception of advanced content
distri
bution services

Q9/9
The extension of network
-
based content distribution
services over broadband in Home Networks

SG13

Q12/13 Next generation home network

SG15

Q1 and Q2/15 IP home network and access network
transport

Q
18
/15 Broadband in
-
premises net
working

Q
18
/15:
Home networking related Smart Grid
comm
unications

SG16

Q21/16 home network services

(5) Energy
saving network

SG13

QN/13 (split from Q21/13)
Environmental and socio
-
economic sustainability in Future Networks and early
realization of FN

Q12/13 Evolution towards integrated multi
-
service networks
and interworking

(6) Smart Grid

Communications

SG15

Q
15
/15
:

various aspects related to Smart Grid
Communications, from physical layer to transport of higher
layer protocols

(7) Security

SG17

Q6/1
7
Security functional architecture for smart grid services
using telecommunication network

(8) Climate
change

SG5

Mitigation of climate change and improving energy efficiency


In addition, the following initiatives address topics related to Smart Grid:



Joint Coordination Activity on Smart Grid and Home Networking (JCA
-
SG&HN)



Joint Coordination Activity on Internet

of Things (JCA
-
IoT)



Joint Coordination Activity on
ICT & Climate Change (JCA
-
ICT&CC)



Focus Group on M2M (
FG
-
M2M)



Collaboration on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS
)
Communication Standard


Note that the JCA
-
SG&HN will be terminated in July 2013. Study Group 15, as the lead Stu
dy
Group on Smart Grid, will serve as the central point of coordination within ITU
-
T.


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4
. Existing Recommendations

Q15/15 Recommendations
(Approved and Under Study) are listed
on
the
Q15/15
webpage

and are
reported here

for convenience

in
Table
.


Table
2


Q15/15 Recommendations related to Smart Grid Communications (Approved and
under study
)

Rec. No.

Title

Status

Date

G.9955

(2011)

Narrowband OFDM Power Line
Communication Transceivers


Physical
Layer Specification

Approved

12/2011

G.9955
(2011)
Amd
.
1

Narrowba
nd OFDM Power Line
Communication Transceivers


Physical
Layer Specification (Amendment 1)

Approved

09/2012

G.9956

(2011)

Narrowband OFDM Power Line
Communication Transceivers


Data
Link
Layer Specification

Approved

11/2011

G.9956
(2011)
Cor
.
1

Narrowband OFDM Power Line
Communication Transceivers


Data Link
Layer Specification (Corrigendum 1)

Approved

09/2012

G.9956

(2011)

Amd
.
1

Narrowband OFDM Power Line
Communication Transceivers


Data Link
Layer Specification (Amendment 1)

Approved

10/2012

G.9901

(2012)

Narrow
-
band OFDM power line
communication transceivers
-

Power spectral
density

specification

Approved

11/2012

G.9901
(2012)
Amd
.
1


Amendment 1
contains:



An ARIB bandplan for G.9902
transceivers



A CENELEC B bandplan for G.9903
transceivers

Determined

Target
date for
Approval:
July 2013

G.9902

(2012)

Narrow
-
band OFDM power li
ne
communication transceivers for ITU
-
T
G.hnem

networks

Approved

10/2012

G.9902

(2012)

Amd
.
1

Amendment 1 contains:



Various clarifications and corrections



The support for a Japanese R
egional
Annex with an ARIB bandplan

Approved

02/2013

G.9902
(2012)
Amd
.
2

Amendment 2 contains:



Corrections and clarifications on the
payload encoder



The addition of a network admission
Work in
progress

Target
date for
Consent:
Ju
ly 2013

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Rec. No.

Title

Status

Date

procedure based on G.9961

G.9903

Narrow
-
band OFDM power line
communication transceivers

for G3
-
PLC
networks

Approved

11/2012

G.99
03
(2012)
Amd
.
1


Amendment 1 contains:



The support for an optional coherent
mode for use in CENELEC bandplans



Support for a new bandplan in
CENELEC B



A Regional Annex for Japan (Annex
K)



A new routing algorithm (LOADng)
that replaces the old one (LOAD)



A

clause on coexistence with other
NB
-
PLC technologies



Various clarifications and corrections
including CFA, Header Compression,
and channel access mechanism




A major editorial restructuring

Approved

05/2013

G.9903 (
revised
)

This revision integrates:



G.99
03 (2012)



G.9903 Amd.1 (2013)

Work in
progress

Target
date for
Consent:
December
2013

G.9904

(2012)

Narrow
-
band OFDM power line
communication transceivers

for PRIME
networks

Approved

10/2012

G.9959

(2012)

Short range narrowband digital
radiocommunication transceivers


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The

addition of a Logical Link Layer
(LLC)



The addition of a Segmentation &
Reassembly (SAR) adaptation layer

Work in
Progress

Target
date for
Consent:
July 2013

G.cmsr

Centralized Metric based Source Routing

Work in
Progress

Target
date for
Consent:
July 2
013


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5
.

Strategic Aspects

Global coordination on Smart Grid is taking place in IEC
, and this
coordination started in IEC
Strategic Group 3

(SG3)
. The IEC Standardization Management Board (SMB) has
recently
agreed
to transform SG3 into a Systems Evaluation

Group on Smart Grid, with instructions to consult more
openly with the broader stakeholder community on the work needed in this area
, and to also prepare
for the setting up of a Systems Committee (SyC) on Smart Grid.


As decided at the January 2012 TSAG m
eeting (see TSAG


R 5


E)
,

ITU
-
T
will
continue to
cooperate with IEC contributing the communications
-
related aspects of Smart Grid.
This will be
done by having full participation in future discussions of IEC’s strategic discussions on Smart Grid
,
as assu
red by the SMB Chair who attended the TSAG meeting
.


______________