Mid Term Review

mumpsimuspreviousAI and Robotics

Oct 25, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Mid Term Review


True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.


____

1.

A computer is used to input, process, and store data and provide useful output.


____

2.

Telecommunications components include a transmitter that sends a signal over a
medium, such as fiber
-
optic
cables or through the air, to a receiver.


____

3.

Data mining is a branch of AI that empowers computers to control mechanical devices to perform tasks that
require a high degree of precision or are otherwise tedious, monotonous
, or hazardous for humans.


____

4.

Databases are a key component to managing information, and information systems are the primary defense
against information overload.


____

5.

Individuals use information systems to manage their contacts, e
-
mail, and onli
ne documents.


____

6.

Wired networks are especially vulnerable to hackers as no physical connection is required to access the
network.


____

7.

At the heart of all digital electronics devices is a microprocessor.


____

8.

The data stored on a PDA is not t
ypically synchronized with the data stored on a desktop or notebook PC.


____

9.

The true measure of processor performance is the amount of time it takes to execute an instruction.


____

10.

Data stored on magnetic media could last over 100 years.


____

11.

Compared to other types of secondary storage, flash memory can be accessed more quickly, consumes less
power, and is smaller in size.


____

12.

Of all the computer components, I/O devices have the most direct impact on a users computing experience.


__
__

13.

Many special
-
purpose input devices are designed to support scientific and medical research.


____

14.

It is very unusual to find six or more USB ports on a new computer.


____

15.

FireWire comes standard on Apple computers.


____

16.

The latest tech
nique in chip design is referred to as cellcore technology

and refers to housing more than one
processor on a chip.


____

17.

Coprocessors speed processing by linking several microprocessors to operate at the same time.


____

18.

A new technique called par
allel computing allows processors from different computers to work together over
a network on complex problems.


____

19.

RAM exists as a set of chips grouped together on a circuit board called a single in
-
line memory module, or
SIMM.


____

20.

High
-
capaci
ty diskettes, such as the Iomega Zip disk, and the Imation Superdisk allow you to store up to 83
times as much data as on a standard floppy disk in about the same amount of space and cost a bit more than
floppy disks.


____

21.

Assembly language is conside
red a high
-
level language.


____

22.

Fifth
-
generation languages are sometimes called natural languages because they use even more English
-
like
syntax than 4GLs.


____

23.

Operating systems can control one computer or multiple computers, or they can allow
multiple users to
interact with one computer.


____

24.

The OS serves as a buffer or interface between the application program and the hardware.


____

25.

All operating systems can be considered either proprietary or portable.


____

26.

Off
-
the
-
shelf softw
are enables an organization to have more flexibility in making modifications or changes.


____

27.

The format feature of many operating systems allows the computer to effectively execute program
instructions and speed processing.


____

28.

Today’s Internet

joins together networks of over 300 million computers, or
Internet hosts
, to create the
world’s second largest internetwork.


____

29.

In 1989, ARPA commissioned ARPANET for research into networking.


____

30.

The Internet is a combination of hardware, pr
otocols, and software.


____

31.

Software allows users to interact with the Internet to access information and services.


____

32.

Many companies, organizations, and institutions, work directly with the network service providers to connect
their own
organizations’ networks directly to a PoP.


____

33.

Most dial
-
up service providers advertise an “accelerated” feature that boosts speeds up to five times that of a
standard dial
-
up connection (to 280 Kbps).


____

34.

Cable modem network lines are shared
by neighbors, so if many neighbors access the Internet simultaneously,
they might experience slower throughput.


____

35.

The protocols for the Internet are the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP).


____

36.

The Internet is a pac
ket
-
switching network.


____

37.

Registering a domain name does not provide you with your own Web site, only with ownership of the name
that you can associate with a Web site you have created and stored on a Web server with an assigned IP
address.


____

38
.

It is anticipated that DHTML will gradually replace HTML as the primary markup language of the Web.


____

39.

While creating static

Web pages, those that simply present unchanging information, has become easy, today’s
professional
-
quality Web sites have
evolved well beyond these basics.


____

40.

JavaScript

is similar to Java in that it provides functionality in Web pages through programming code that is
embedded in an HTML document.


____

41.

Pervasive communications are the result of advances in wireles
s communications and Internet
communications.


____

42.

Most personal computers come equipped with on
-
board synthesizers

on the computer’s sound card that
include all the standard synthesizer keyboard sounds.


____

43.

A 32
-
MB music file on a music CD can
be compressed down to a 3
-
MB MP3 file.


____

44.

There are three primary forms of audio storage media: CDs, hard drives, and bits.


____

45.

Media player software has been designed for desktop and notebook PCs, and handheld PCs, but not cell
phones.


____

46.

Representing an image using bytes is simply a matter of storing the color of each pixel used in the image.


____

47.

Vector graphics are more difficult to edit and manipulate than bit
-
mapped graphics and use far more bytes to
store an image.


____

48.

Surface textures are an important element in the interaction between light and a model.


____

49.

Vector graphics experts study photos and videotaped evidence in an effort to solve crimes.


____

50.

Digital video can be transferred to a computer directly f
rom a camcorder or read from a DVD or VCR tape.


Modified True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.


____

51.

The process of transforming nondigital information, such as things you experience with your senses


written or spoken words, music, artwork, photographs, movies, even tastes and fragrances


to 1s and 0s is
called
digitization
. _________________________


____

52.

Automation

involves utilizing computers to control otherwise human actions and activities.
____________________


____

53.

A(n)
group decision support system

provides tools for groups to reach consensus and design the most
effective solutions with
minimum time and effort. _________________________


____

54.

Computer scientists

use computers to help with the software design process. _________________________


____

55.

Pervasive computing s
uggests that technology is becoming so much a part of the
environment that people do
not even notice it. _________________________


____

56.

Web servers

are handheld computers that include cell phone capabilities. _________________________


____

57.

Tablet PCs

are portable personal computers, similar to a
notebook computer in size, that provide a touch
sensitive display on which you can write and draw. _________________________


____

58.

The expression
computer system

is typically used to describe multiple computers working together over a
network towards a

common goal. _________________________


____

59.

Scientists are using computers to forecast weather, hunt for hurricanes, analyze the environmental impact of
forest fires, and make detailed maps using
management information systems
. ______________________
___


____

60.

To
pervade

means to become diffused throughout every part of something. _________________________


____

61.

Data flows back and forth between the CPU and RAM across the
system bus
. _________________________


____

62.

A Pentium processor typic
ally has a(n)
1024

KB L1 cache. _________________________


____

63.

The
smaller

the cache, the faster the processing. _________________________


____

64.

RAM

provides permanent storage for data and instructions that do not change. _________________________


____

65.

Many of today’s computers use a flash BIOS, which means that the BIOS has been recorded on a(n)
ROM

chip. _________________________


____

66.

Read
-
only

memory provides semipermanent storage for system configuration information that may change.
_
________________________


____

67.

A(n)
flash memory card
is a chip that is nonvolatile and keeps its memory when the power is shut off.
_________________________


____

68.

DVDs

are the only disk with the capacity to store an entire digitized motion picture.
_________________________


____

69.

A(n)
output device

allows us to observe the results of computer processing. _________________________


____

70.

A(n)
code

is a set of rules that describes how programming statements and commands should be written.

_________________________


____

71.

The ability to reuse programming code is one of the primary advantages of
structured

programming.
_________________________


__
__

72.

A(n)
interpreter

does not produce a complete machine
-
language program. _________________________


____

73.

Compiled programs

run faster than programs that have to be translated line by line by an interpreter.
_________________________


____

74.

Symb
olic software

includes operating systems and utility programs that interact with the computer hardware
and application software programs, creating a layer of insulation between the two.
_________________________


____

75.

After booting the computer system,

much of the operating system is transferred to the
CPU
.
_________________________


____

76.

A(n)
warm boot

is performed by pushing a start button or switch when the computer is not on.
_________________________


____

77.

Spooling

is a common function of a
n operating system. _________________________


____

78.

Before a disk can be used on a computer, it must be
formatted
. _________________________


____

79.

The
memory
-
management

portion of an OS converts a logical request for data or instructions into the physical
location where the data or instructions are stored.


_________________________


____

80.

Word
-
processing programs
cannot

be used with a team or group of people collaborating on a project.
_________________________


____

81.

Project by Microsoft is an example of a(n)
project
-
management

software package.
_________________________


____

82.

Routers

are the rules that are imple
mented in network software and hardware to establish connections
between two or more computers to allow them to communicate. _________________________


____

83.

The Internet uses the
Domain Name System

to translate domain names into IP addresses.
_________
________________


____

84.

A(n)
object oriented language

is used to describe how information is to be displayed.
_________________________


____

85.

Today’s Web browsers allow Web servers to store small text files on your computer called
cookies
.
_________
________________


____

86.

Java

is an object
-
oriented programming language that allows software engineers to create programs that run
on any computer platform. _________________________


____

87.

Search engines scour the Web with
podcasts
called
spiders
that follow all Web links in an attempt to catalog
every Web page by topic. _________________________


____

88.

Answering machines, voice mail, and e
-
mail are tools for
synchronous
communication.
_________________________


____

89.

Short Message Service

is

a method of sending short messages, no longer than 160 characters, between cell
phones. _________________________


____

90.

A(n)
value chain

typically consists of the suppliers of the raw materials that are used to create a product, the
manufacturing unit
, transportation and storage providers, marketing, sales, and customer support.
_________________________


____

91.

Doing business electronically over the Web and private networks is known as
e
-
commerce
.
_________________________


____

92.

Client
computers

are typically powerful computers that can accommodate many simultaneous user requests.
_________________________


____

93.

Forensic audio

uses digital processing to denoise (remove nonessential sounds and audio interference),
enhance, edit, and detect sou
nds to assist in criminal investigations. _________________________


____

94.

A(n)
synthesizer

provides a visual fingerprint for various sounds in a recording.
_________________________


____

95.

Integrated digital studios

package many digital recording de
vices in one unit for convenient home recording.
_________________________


____

96.

A(n)
sampler

can be downloaded from a Web site as an MP3 file and listened to using a PC media player, or
transferred to a portable MP3 player. _________________________


____

97.

Video
-
editing software uses a(n)
video log

on which to build a video production.
_________________________


____

98.

Virtual media

refers to digital media presentations that involve user interaction for education, training, or
entertainment. _____
____________________


____

99.

Virtual reality

produces a simulated environment in which the human participant can move and manipulate
objects. _________________________


____

100.

3D modeling software
, such as Tivo and Replay TV, provide large hard drive
storage to record dozens of
movies and programs to be watched at your leisure. _________________________


Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.


____

101.

____ refers to the tangible components of a
computer system or digital device.

a.

Software

c.

Artificial intelligence

b.

Information

d.

Hardware



____

102.

____ comprises the electronic instructions that govern the computer system’s functioning.

a.

Software

c.

Artificial intelligence

b.

Information

d.

Hardware



____

103.

A ____ is a telecommunications network that connects two or more computers for the purpose of sharing
data, hardware, and software resources.

a.

computer network

c.

protocol

b.

database

d.

kiosk



____

104.

A ____ is
a collection of data stored on a computer, organized to meet users’ needs.

a.

supercomputer

c.

byte

b.

database

d.

protocol



____

105.

____ is the activity of creating new or modifying existing systems.

a.

Transaction processing

c.

Digitization

b.

Wireless networking

d.

Systems development



____

106.

When transactions are carried out online, over the Internet or using other telecommunications and network
systems it is called ____.

a.

artificial intelligence

c.

wireless networking

b.

management
information systems

d.

e
-
commerce



____

107.

A(n) ____ is an information system used to provide useful information to decision makers, usually in the form
of a report.

a.

artificial intelligence

c.

wireless networking

b.

management information system

d.

e
-
commerce



____

108.

A(n) ____ is an information system used to support problem specific decision making.

a.

DSS

c.

network system

b.

MIS

d.

digital system



____

109.

A(n) ____ is an information system that can make suggestions and reach conclusions

in one particular area of
expertise much the same way that a human expert can.

a.

expert system

c.

DSS

b.

neural network

d.

MIS



____

110.

A ____ is an agreed
-
upon way of doing something within an industry.

a.

standard

c.

byte

b.

megapixel

d.

stylus



____

111.

____ is the act of manipulating data in a manner defined by programmed instructions.

a.

Input

c.

Storage

b.

Output

d.

Processing



____

112.

The group of integrated circuits that work together to perform the processing in a computer system is

called
the ____.

a.

central processing unit

c.

motherboard

b.

microprocessor

d.

transistor



____

113.

____ hold(s) the bytes that are currently being processed.

a.

Cache memory

c.

Flash memory cards

b.

Registers

d.

CMOS memory



____

114.

The ____ is

made up of the instruction phase and the execution phase.

a.

machine cycle

c.

transistor

b.

integrated circuit

d.

stylus



____

115.

The true measure of processor performance is the amount of time it takes to execute an instruction. This
measure is
called ____.

a.

MBs

c.

gigahertz

b.

wordlength

d.

MIPS



____

116.

Today’s personal computers carry out billions of instructions per second, or operate in the ____ range.

a.

megahertz

c.

megaflop

b.

gigahertz

d.

gigaflop



____

117.

____ is a type of
high
-
speed memory that a processor can access more rapidly than RAM.

a.

Read only memory

c.

BEDO
-
RAM

b.

SDRAM

d.

Cache memory



____

118.

____ acts as a buffer between the microprocessor and the display.

a.

DRAM

c.

SDRAM

b.

VRAM

d.

EDO
-
RAM



____

119.

RAM exists as a set of chips grouped together on a circuit board called a(n) ____.

a.

SIMM

c.

stylus

b.

MIPS

d.

integrated circuit



____

120.

____ is intended to store data permanently, but can be updated with new revisions when they become
available.

a.

Flash memory

c.

Cache memory

b.

RAM

d.

ROM



____

121.

____ can be used by security systems to allow only authorized personnel into restricted areas.

a.

SRAM

c.

A flash drive

b.

Voice recognition

d.

Graphic tablets



____

122.

A(n) ____ is a short,
penlike device without ink.

a.

kiosk

c.

stylus

b.

trackball

d.

trackpoint



____

123.

____ devices are terminals with scanners that read codes on retail items and enter the item number into a
computer system.

a.

USB

c.

Digital

b.

Analog

d.

Point
-
of
-
sale



____

124.

A petabyte equals _____.

a.

10 GB

c.

1,000,000 GB

b.

1,000 GB

d.

1,000,000,000 MB



____

125.

Languages beyond the fourth generation include ____.

a.

structured query languages

c.

COBOL

b.

BASIC

d.

artificial intelligence languages



____

126.

A(n) ____ is a set of programs that runs or controls the computer hardware and acts as an interface with
application programs and users.

a.

operating system

c.

software suite

b.

integrated software package

d.

public domain software



____

127.

Which of the following statements is correct?

a.

The file management feature of many operating systems allows the computer to
effectively execute program instructions and speed processing.

b.

The number of program segments that can be placed in memory
depends on the speed of
the program.

c.

Many operating systems use virtual memory.

d.

Logical memory works by swapping programs or parts of programs between memory and
one or more disk devices.



____

128.

A(n) ____ allows one or more individuals to hav
e access to and command of the computer system.

a.

utility software

c.

user interface

b.

language translator

d.

compiler



____

129.

The term ____ refers to the ability of devices and programs from different vendors to operate together.

a.

portability

c.

proprietary

b.

interoperability

d.

PnP



____

130.

Portable operating systems play an important role in ____.

a.

virtual memory

c.

open
-
source software

b.

PnP

d.

interoperability



____

131.

Windows NT and Windows 2000 are often referred to as ____
because they include security management
features for networks and the servers that handle them.

a.

utility programs

c.

public domain software

b.

network operating systems

d.

open
-
source software



____

132.

____ programs can reduce the amount of disk
space required to store a file or reduce the time it takes to
transfer a file over the Internet.

a.

File compression

c.

Graphic

b.

Virus detection

d.

Word processing



____

133.

The primary function of ____ is to apply the power of the computer to give
people, groups, and organizations
the ability to solve problems and perform specific activities or tasks.

a.

system software

c.

application software

b.

utility software

d.

operating systems



____

134.

Which of the following types of software is
programmed to have human
-
like intelligence?

a.

groupware

c.

decision support

b.

artificial intelligence

d.

expert systems



____

135.

____ contain last minute updates or disclosures, including bugs and how to deal with them.

a.

Readme files

c.

Source
codes

b.

User manuals

d.

Word files



____

136.

A(n) ____ is a collection of computing devices connected together to share resources such as files, software,
processors, storage, and printers.

a.

URL

c.

server

b.

computer network

d.

port



____

137.

____ involves the transmission of messages over a computer network to support asynchronous text
-
based
communication.

a.

E
-
mail

c.

Hyperlinking

b.

IP addressing

d.

Web authoring



____

138.

Internet ____ involves synchronous text messaging between two or
more participants.

a.

routing

c.

searching

b.

conferencing

d.

chat



____

139.

____ is a research and development consortium led by over 200 U.S. universities and supported by
partnerships with industry and government to develop and deploy advanced netwo
rk applications and
technologies for tomorrow’s Internet.

a.

HTTP

c.

Internet2

b.

P2P

d.

TCP/IP



____

140.

Participants running ____ software make a portion of their file system available to other participants to access
directly.

a.

P2P

c.

e
-
mail

b.

networking

d.

routing



____

141.

Experts refer to the software portion of the Internet as the ____ layer.

a.

physical

c.

transport

b.

application

d.

network



____

142.

A(n) ____ takes the form of software such as Internet Explorer, Netscape, and
Firefox, and is used to request
Web pages from Web servers
.

a.

e
-
mail attachment

c.

Web client

b.

Web server

d.

hyperlink



____

143.

____ devices treat each instrument or microphone as a separate input, or track.

a.

Media

c.

Multitrack recording

b.

MIDI

d.

Graphic



____

144.

The ____ protocol was implemented in 1983 to provide a standard language for digital music devices to use
in communicating with each other.

a.

MIDI

c.

CAD

b.

LAN

d.

analog signal



____

145.

A ____ is an MP3 audio file that
contains a recorded broadcast distributed over the Internet.

a.

podcast

c.

RFID

b.

synthesizer

d.

MIDI



____

146.

The ____ file format compresses CDA music files to less than 10 percent of their original size.

a.

vector graphics

c.

CAD

b.

podcast

d.

MP3



____

147.

____ software allows computer users to categorize and organize their digital music files for easy access.

a.

Analog

c.

Ripper

b.

Jukebox

d.

Encoder



____

148.

____ use(s) bytes to store geometric descriptions that define all the shapes
in the image.

a.

Raster graphics

c.

Vector graphics

b.

Pixilation

d.

MIDI



____

149.

Which of the following file formats is an industrial
-
strength format used by many professional photographers
and graphic artists?

a.

Graphics Interchange Format

c.

Portable Network Graphics

b.

Windows bitmap

d.

Tagged Image File Format



____

150.

Three
-
dimensional modeling is often referred to as ____

because the software must trace beams of light as
they would interact with the models in the real world.

a.

ray
tracing

c.

synthesizing

b.

interactive media

d.

sequencing



Completion

Complete each statement.



151.

A(n) ____________________ represents data using technologies that can be set to one of two states, such as
on or off, charged or not charged.



152.

A

group of eight bits is called a(n) ____________________.



153.

____________________ involves using a cell phone to send short text messages to other cell phone users.



154.

____________________ are communications that take place electronically over a di
stance.



155.

____________________ are rules that allow two or more computers to communicate over a network.



156.

A(n) ____________________ is an object in a Web document that can be clicked to access related
information.



157.

____________________ is
an area of computer science that applies the combined power of computer
hardware and software to solving difficult problems in various scientific disciplines.



158.

____________________ is an area of computer science that deals with simulating human thoug
ht and
behavior in computers.



159.

____________________, a branch of AI, automates tasks that are carried out by human experts
-

tasks that
can be well defined and are typically tedious, monotonous, or hazardous to the human expert.



160.

____________________ is a branch of AI that empowers computers with the ability to understand spoken
words and provides more convenient ways for people to interact with computers.



161.

Software that is created to address the needs of an individual entity

is called ____________________.



162.

Software that is prepackaged and sold to the public is called ____________________.



163.

____________________ are information professionals responsible for designing information systems.



164.

A(n)
____________________ represents an exchange, such as buying medical supplies at a hospital,
downloading music on the Internet, or paying employees.



165.

A(n) ____________________ is an information system used to support and record transactions.



166.

__
__________________ can deliver course content and measure student performance.



167.

A(n) ____________________ is an individual who subverts computer security without authorization.



168.

The ____________________ is a title used for the social and econom
ic gap between those who have access
to computers and information technologies and those that do not.



169.

____________________ such as the IBM Thinkpad or Apple iBook are also considered personal computers
and provide near
-
desktop power in a portable ca
se.



170.

A(n) ____________________

handles sending and receiving e
-
mail messages.



171.

____________________ is the trend to merge multiple digital services into one device.



172.

A(n) ____________________ is composed of semiconducting material,
typically silicon, that opens or closes
a circuit to alter the flow of electricity.



173.

The primary circuit board of a computing device is known as the ____________________.



174.

The ____________________ consists of electronic pathways between the CPU

and RAM capable of
transporting several bytes at once.



175.

The speed at which a processor can carry out an instruction is governed by the ____________________.



176.

The number of bits that a CPU processes at once is called its ____________________.



177.

____________________ states that the continued increase in technological innovations causes transistor
densities in integrated circuits to double every 18 months.



178.

____________________ is the reason that a PC is able to maintain the correct tim
e and date even when it is
not plugged in.



179.

When used in media devices such as digital cameras, camcorders, and portable MP3 players, flash memory
cards are sometimes referred to as ____________________.



180.

A(n) ____________________ sits stationa
ry and allows you to control the mouse pointer by rolling a
mounted ball.



181.

Microsoft’s ____________________ is designed in such a way as to reduce the stress on your wrists common
with traditional keyboards.



182.

____________________ provide a lowe
r
-
priced video camera for use as a computer input device.



183.

____________________ are used for projecting presentations from your computer onto a larger screen.



184.

A(n) ____________________ uses techniques similar t o those of photocopiers to
provide the highest
-
quality
printed output.



185.

____________________ are a type of hard
-
copy output device used for general design work.



186.

____________________ automation involves automating data entry where the data is created, thus ensuring
timeliness and accuracy.



187.

____________________ devices use the magnetic properties of iron oxide particles to store bits and bytes
more permanently than RAM.



188.

____________________ media, such as CDs and DVDs, store bits by using an optical lase
r to burn pits into
the surface of a highly reflective disk surface.



189.

A(n) ____________________ is an optical media that stores up to 700 MB of data.



190.

Handheld computers and tablet PCs use a(n) ____________________ that allows you to select ite
ms on the
screen by touching them with your finger or a stylus.



191.

____________________ are sets of instructions or statements to the computer.



192.

____________________ are people who write or create instructions or statements that become complete
c
omputer programs.



193.

____________________ is the set of programs that coordinates the activities of the hardware and various
computer programs.



194.

____________________ consists of programs written to solve problems and help people and organizations

achieve their goals.



195.

A(n) ____________________ is a language translator that converts each statement in a programming
language into machine language and executes statements one at a time.



196.

A(n) ____________________ uses pictures or icons on
the screen and menus to send commands to the
computer system.



197.

A(n) ____________________ operating system is one that can function with different hardware
configurations.



198.

____________________ programs are used to merge and sort sets of data, k
eep track of computer jobs being
run, and perform other important routine tasks.



199.

A(n) ___________________ contains rows that are numbered and columns that are lettered.



200.

____________________ allows the spreadsheet to maximize or minimize a qua
ntity subject to certain
constraints.



201.

____________________ can be used to store large tables of information.



202.

A(n) ____________________ is a collection of application software packages placed in a bundle.



203.

____________________ software a
llows you to prepare federal and state returns.



204.

____________________ is software that can be used to create and synthesize sound and music.



205.

____________________ is a commonly used music and sound compression standard that is used on many
port
able music players.



206.

Engineers, architects, and designers often use ____________________ to design and develop buildings,
electrical systems, plumbing systems, and more.



207.

Software that help groups of people work together more efficiently and ef
fectively is often referred to as
____________________.



208.

____________________ software is designed to support top
-
level executives and decision makers, such as
generals in the military or presidents of companies.



209.

____________________ software
is programmed to act like an expert in a field such as medicine.



210.

Disk utilities check the hard disk’s boot sector, file ____________________ tables and directories, and
analyze them to ensure the hard disk has not been tampered with.



211.

Network
service providers enable Internet users to connect to their networks through utility stations called
____________________
.



212.

Companies that provide users with access to the Internet through PoPs are called ____________________.



213.

____________________ are typically located at network junctions, where one network is joined to another
network.



214.

____________________ provides high
-
speed Internet access with data transfer rates up to 3 Mbps.



215.

A(n) ____________________ connect
ion is a wireless high
-
speed Internet service, with data transfer rates of
around 700 Kbps, provided to your home by companies such as EarthLink and DirecWay.



216.

A data ____________________

is a small group of bytes that includes the data being sent an
d a header
containing information about the data, such as its destination, origin, size, and identification number.



217.

____________________ describes a relationship between two computer programs in which one program, the
client
, makes a service request

from another program, the
server
, which provides the service.



218.

____________________ networks do not utilize a central server, but facilitate communications directly
between clients.



219.

The protocol of the Web is called ____________________.



220.

A(n) ____________________ stores and delivers Web pages and other Web services such as interactive Web
content.



221.

The ____________________ an extension of the current Web and provides a common framework that
supports the sharing and reuse of data

across application, enterprise, and community boundaries.



222.

Microsoft has created an alternative to JavaScript for use in Internet Explorer called ____________________.



223.

A(n) ____________________ allows you to run keyword searches on several se
arch engines at once.



224.

A(n) ____________________ is a catalog of sites collected and organized by people rather than automated
crawlers.



225.

The term ____________________ refers to the ability to communicate with anyone through a variety of
format
s from anywhere at anytime.



226.

____________________ (such as smiley faces) combine keyboard characters to create a sideways facial
expression.



227.

The term
____________________
refers to synchronous communication where participants bounce ideas off
each other in order to arrive at optimal solutions.



228.

A(n) ____________________ is typically a binary file, such as an image file, Word document, music file, or
spreadsheet, that travels along with an e
-
mail message but is not part of the e
-
mail ASCII

text message itself.



229.

____________________ is synchronous one
-
to
-
one text
-
based communication over the Internet.



230.

Conducting classes over the Web with no physical class meetings is called ____________________.



231.

The term _________________
___

refers to signals that vary continuously.



232.

Studios that specialize in recording music are known simply as ____________________.



233.

Sound studios that work with motion pictures are typically referred to as ____________________.



234.

____________________ technologies are applied to audio files to greatly reduce their size with little or no
loss to sound quality.



235.

The most recognized compressed digital audio file format is ____________________.



236.

____________________ software

s
uch as iTunes, Windows Media Player, and RealPlayer, allows users to
organize and play digital music, audio, and video files on PCs and media devices.



237.

The process of transferring music from CD to MP3 or other digital audio format is called
_______
_____________

a CD.



238.

____________________ is an Internet technology that plays audio files as they are in the process of being
delivered.



239.

Digital images are made up of a grid of small points called ____________________.



240.

Animation and vi
deo (moving pictures) are stored in the computer as a series of images called
____________________.



241.

____________________ compression allows the original data to be reconstructed without loss.



242.

____________________ compression

accepts some loss

of data to achieve higher rates of compression.



243.

____________________ is a relatively new form of art that uses computer software as the brush and the
computer display as the canvas.



244.

____________________ uses computer graphics to provide
visual representations that improve our
understanding of some phenomenon.



245.

____________________ assists designers, engineers, and architects in designing three dimensional objects,
from the gear mechanism in a watch to suspension bridges.



246.

____
________________ involves displaying digital images in rapid succession to provide the illusion of
motion.



247.

____________________ animation

includes all of the complexity of 3D graphic rendering, multiplied by the
necessity to render 24 3D images per
second to create the illusion of movement.



248.

____________________ software includes special tools and effects that you can use to improve or
manipulate bitmapped photograph images.



249.

____________________ software allows professional and amateur
videographers to edit.



250.

A(n) ____________________ allows the videographer to arrange video scenes sequentially and specify the
transition effects between each scene.

Mid Term Review

Answer Section


TRUE/FALSE



1.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

7



2.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

17



3.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

22



4.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

26



5.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

26



6.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

43



7.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

6



8.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

10



9.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

67



10.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

76



11.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

79



12.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

81



13.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

92



14.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

93



15.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

94



16.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

67



17.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

68



18.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

68



19.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

70



20.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

75



21.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

116



22.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

116



23.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

120



24.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

124



25.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

123



26.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

156



27.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

125



28.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

177



29.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

177



30.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

178



31.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

178



32.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

179



33.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

180



34.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

181



35.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

183



36.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

183



37.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

184



38.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

190



39.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

192



40.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

193



41.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

199



42.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

290



43.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

294



44.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

295



45.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

296



46.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

301



47.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

301



48.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

310



49.

ANS:

F

PTS:

1

REF:

321



50.

ANS:

T

PTS:

1

REF:

323


MODIFIED TRUE/FALSE



51.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

6



52.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

22



53.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

29



54.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

31



55.

ANS:

F, Ubiquitous computing


PTS:

1

REF:

44



56.

ANS:

F, Smart phones


PTS:

1

REF:

10



57.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

9



58.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

27



59.

ANS:

F

geographic information systems

GISs

geographic information systems (GISs)

GIS


PTS:

1

REF:

33



60.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

44



61.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

63



62.

ANS:

F, 512


PTS:

1

REF:

67



63.

ANS:

F, larger


PTS:

1

REF:

67



64.

ANS:

F

Read
-
only memory

ROM

Read
-
only memory (ROM)


PTS:

1

REF:

72



65.

ANS:

F, flash memory


PTS:

1

REF:

72



66.

ANS:

F

CMOS

Complementary metal
-
oxide semiconductor

Complementary metal
-
oxide semiconductor (CMOS)


PTS:

1

REF:

73



67.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

78



68.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

77



69.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

81



70.

ANS:

F

syntax

programming language standard


PTS:

1

REF:

115



71.

ANS:

F

object
-
oriented

object oriented


PTS:

1

REF:

117



72.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

118



73.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

119



74.

ANS:

F, Systems software


PTS:

1

REF:

120



75.

ANS:

F, memory


PTS:

1

REF:

121



76.

ANS:

F, cold boot


PTS:

1

REF:

124



77.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

124



78.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

124



79.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

125



80.

ANS:

F, can


PTS:

1

REF:

140



81.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

151



82.

ANS:

F, Protocols


PTS:

1

REF:

178



83.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

184



84.

ANS:

F,
markup language


PTS:

1

REF:

189



85.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

192



86.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

193



87.

ANS:

F, bots


PTS:

1

REF:

196



88.

ANS:

F, asynchronous


PTS:

1

REF:

200



89.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

205



90.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

212



91.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

212



92.

ANS:

F, Server


PTS:

1

REF:

184



93.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

286



94.

ANS:

F, spectrographic sonogram


PTS:

1

REF:

286



95.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

290



96.

ANS:

F, podcast


PTS:

1

REF:

292



97.

ANS:

F, storyline


PTS:

1

REF:

323



98.

ANS:

F, Interactive media


PTS:

1

REF:

326



99.

ANS:

T



PTS:

1

REF:

326



100.

ANS:

F, Personal video recorders


PTS:

1

REF:

331


MULTIPLE CHOICE



101.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

7



102.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

7



103.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

18



104.

ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

26



105.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

28



106.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

28



107.

ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

28



108.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

29



109.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

30



110.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

59



111.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

63



112.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

62



113.

ANS:

B

PT
S:

1

REF:

63



114.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

64



115.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

67



116.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

67



117.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

66



118.

ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

71



119.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

70



120.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

72



121.

ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

85



122.

ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

84



123.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

87



124.

ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

73



125.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

116



126.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

120



127.

ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

125



128.

ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

121



129.

ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

123



130.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

123



131.

ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

129



132.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

136



133.

ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

139



134.

ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

155



135.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

160



136.

ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

177



137.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

201



138.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

204



139.

ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

220
-
221



140.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

186



141.

ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

186



142.

ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

188



143.

ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

289



144.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

290



145.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

292



146.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

294



147.

ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

296



148.

ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

301



149.

ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

302



150.

ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

310


COMPLETION



151.

ANS:

bit


PTS:

1

REF:

6



152.

ANS:

byte


PTS:

1

REF:

6



153.

ANS:

Text messaging


PTS:

1

REF:

16



154.

ANS:

Telecommunications


PTS:

1

REF:

17



155.

ANS:

Protocols


PTS:

1

REF:

18



156.

ANS:

hyperlink


PTS:

1

REF:

19



157.

ANS:

Computational science


PTS:

1

REF:

21



158.

ANS:


Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI)

AI


PTS:

1

REF:

22



159.

ANS:

Expert systems


PTS:

1

REF:

22



160.

ANS:

Natural language processing


PTS:

1

REF:

22



161.

ANS:

custom
-
designed software


PTS:

1

REF:

27



162.

ANS:

off
-
the
-
shelf software


PTS:

1

REF:

27



163.

ANS:

Systems analysts


PTS:

1

REF:

28



164.

ANS:

transaction


PTS:

1

REF:

28



165.

ANS:


transaction processing system

TPS

transaction processing system (TPS)


PTS:

1

REF:

28



166.

ANS:


Computer
-
aided instruction

CAI

Computer
-
aided instruction (CAI)


PTS:

1

REF:

38



167.

ANS:

hacker


PTS:

1

REF:

43



168.

ANS:

digital divide


PTS:

1

REF:

44



169.

ANS:


Notebook computers

Laptop computers


PTS:

1

REF:

9



170.

ANS:

e
-
mail server


PTS:

1

REF:

12



171.

ANS:

Digital convergence


PTS:

1

REF:

60



172.

ANS:

transistor


PTS:

1

REF:

62



173.

ANS:

motherboard


PTS:

1

REF:

62



174.

ANS:


system bus

bus


PTS:

1

REF:

63



175.

ANS:

system clock


PTS:

1

REF:

66



176.

ANS:

wordlength


PTS:

1

REF:

67



177.

ANS:

Moore’s Law


PTS:

1

REF:

69



178.

ANS:


CMOS

Complimentary metal
-
oxide semiconductor

Complimentary metal
-
oxide semiconductor (CMOS)


PTS:

1

REF:

73



179.

ANS:

media cards


PTS:

1

REF:

78
-
79



180.

ANS:


trackball

track ball


PTS:

1

REF:

84



181.

ANS:

ergonomic keyboard


PTS:

1

REF:

84



182.

ANS:

Webcams


PTS:

1

REF:

86



183.

ANS:

LCD projectors


PTS:

1

REF:

89



184.

ANS:

laser
printer


PTS:

1

REF:

90



185.

ANS:

Plotters


PTS:

1

REF:

91



186.

ANS:

Source data


PTS:

1

REF:

83



187.

ANS:

Magnetic storage


PTS:

1

REF:

74



188.

ANS:

Optical storage


PTS:

1

REF:

76



189.

ANS:


compact disk read
-
only memory

CD
-
ROM

compact disk
read
-
only memory (CD
-
ROM)

CD


PTS:

1

REF:

76



190.

ANS:

touch screen


PTS:

1

REF:

84



191.

ANS:

Computer programs


PTS:

1

REF:

112



192.

ANS:


Computer programmers

Programmers


PTS:

1

REF:

112



193.

ANS:

Systems software


PTS:

1

REF:

112



194.

ANS:

Application software


PTS:

1

REF:

112



195.

ANS:

interpreter


PTS:

1

REF:

118



196.

ANS:


graphical user interface

GUI

graphical user interface (GUI)


PTS:

1

REF:

122



197.

ANS:

portable


PTS:

1

REF:

123



198.

ANS:

Utility


PTS:

1

REF:

135



199.

ANS:

spreadsheet


PTS:

1

REF:

140



200.

ANS:

Optimization


PTS:

1

REF:

142



201.

ANS:

Databases


PTS:

1

REF:

145



202.

ANS:

software suite


PTS:

1

REF:

147



203.

ANS:


Tax
-
preparation

Tax preparation


PTS:

1

REF:

151



204.

ANS:

MIDI


PTS:

1

REF:

151



205.

ANS:


MP3

Motion Pictures Experts Group

Layer 3

Motion Pictures Experts Group Layer 3

Motion Pictures Experts Group

Layer 3 (MP3)

Motion Pictures Experts Group Layer 3 (MP3)


PTS:

1

REF:

151



206.

ANS:


CAD

Computer
-
Aided Design

Computer
-
Aided Design (CA
D)


PTS:

1

REF:

152



207.

ANS:

groupware


PTS:

1

REF:

155



208.

ANS:

Executive support


PTS:

1

REF:

155



209.

ANS:

Expert systems


PTS:

1

REF:

155



210.

ANS:

allocation


PTS:

1

REF:

137



211.

ANS:


points of presence

PoPs

points of presence (PoPs)


PTS:

1

REF:

178



212.

ANS:


Internet service providers

ISPs

Internet service providers (ISPs)


PTS:

1

REF:

179



213.

ANS:

Routers


PTS:

1

REF:

179



214.

ANS:


DSL

Digital subscriber line

Digital subscriber line (DSL)


PTS:

1

REF:

181



215.

ANS:


digital satellite service

DSS

digital satellite service (DSS)


PTS:

1

REF:

181



216.

ANS:

packet


PTS:

1

REF:

183



217.

ANS:

Client/server


PTS:

1

REF:

184



218.

ANS:


Peer
-
to
-
peer

Peer to peer

P2P

Peer to peer (P2P)


PTS:

1

REF:

186



219.

ANS:


HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)


PTS:

1

REF:

188



220.

ANS:

Web server


PTS:

1

REF:

188



221.

ANS:


semantic Web

Semantic Web


PTS:

1

REF:

189



222.

ANS:

ActiveX


PTS:

1

REF:

193



223.

ANS:

meta search engine


PTS:

1

REF:

197



224.

ANS:

subject directory


PTS:

1

REF:

197



225.

ANS:

pervasive computing


PTS:

1

REF:

199



226.

ANS:

Emoticons


PTS:

1

REF:

200



227.

ANS:

brainstorming session


PTS:

1

REF:

200



228.

ANS:

e
-
mail attachment


PTS:

1

REF:

201



229.

ANS:


Instant messaging

IM

Instant messaging (IM)


PTS:

1

REF:

203



230.

ANS:


distance education

distance learning


PTS:

1

REF:

210



231.

ANS:

analog


PTS:

1

REF:

285



232.

ANS:

recording studios


PTS:

1

REF:

287



233.

ANS:

production studios


PTS:

1

REF:

287



234.

ANS:

Compression


PTS:

1

REF:

294



235.

ANS:

MP3


PTS:

1

REF:

294



236.

ANS:

Media player


PTS:

1

REF:

296



237.

ANS:

ripping


PTS:

1

REF:

296



238.

ANS:

Streaming audio


PTS:

1

REF:

298



239.

ANS:

pixels


PTS:

1

REF:

301



240.

ANS:

frames


PTS:

1

REF:

302



241.

ANS:

Lossless


PTS:

1

REF:

303



242.

ANS:

Lossy


PTS:

1

REF:

303



243.

ANS:

Digital art


PTS:

1

REF:

304



244.

ANS:

Scientific visualization


PTS:

1

REF:

306



245.

ANS:


CAD

Computer
-
assisted design

Computer
-
assisted design
(CAD)


PTS:

1

REF:

307



246.

ANS:

Digital graphics animation


PTS:

1

REF:

312



247.

ANS:


Three
-
dimensional computer

3
-
D computer


PTS:

1

REF:

315



248.

ANS:


Photo
-
editing

Photo editing


PTS:

1

REF:

318



249.

ANS:


Video
-
editing

Video editing


PTS:

1

REF:

322



250.

ANS:

storyline


PTS:

1

REF:

323