DC Servomotor Module for Robotic and Mechatronics Education

motherlamentationInternet and Web Development

Dec 7, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

2,293 views



COPYRIGHT




Copyright and Reprint Permission: Abstracting is permitted with credit to
the source. Libraries are permitted to photocopy for private use.
Instructors are permitted to photocopy, for private use, isolated articles
for non-commercial classroom use without fee. For other copies, reprint,
or republication permission, write to IIIS Copyright Manager, 13750
West Colonial Dr Suite 350 – 408, Winter Garden, Florida 34787, U.S.A.
All rights reserved. Copyright 2012. © by the International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics.


The papers of this book comprise the proceedings of the conference
mentioned on the title and the cover page. They reflect the authors’
opinions and, with the purpose of timely disseminations, are published as
presented and without change. Their inclusion in these proceedings does
no necessarily constitute endorsement by the editors.




ISBN- 978-1-936338-80-1



The 2nd International Conference on Education, Informatics, and Cybernetics: icEIC 2012



Aguirre-Muñoz, Zenaida Texas Tech University USA
Alvarado Moore, Karla University of Central Florida USA
Ambriz-Galaviz, Norma Mission College Santa Clara USA
Bangert, Patrick Algorithmica Technologies GmbH USA
Belcher, E. Christina Trinity Western University Canada
Bennett, Leslie University of Louisville USA
Bidarra, José Open University Portugal
Bücheler, Thierry Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Switzerland
Bulegon, Ana Marli Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
Burke, David Robert Morris University USA
Burnett, Andrea University of the West Indies Barbados
Chang, Maiga Athabasca University Canada
Chiou, Yin-Wah Nanhua University Taiwan
Desa, Shakinaz Sultan Idris University of Education Malaysia
DeVore, Douglas University of La Verne USA
Dipinto, Kaki National Louis University USA
Dipinto, Vito M. National-Louis University USA
Doran, Chad Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

USA
Dosi, Vasiliki University of Ioannina Greece
Dunning, Jeremy Indiana University USA
Edwards, Stephen H. Virginia Tech USA
Finkelstein, Joseph Johns Hopkins University USA
Fisher, Wendy Open University UK
Florescu, Gabriela C. National Institute for R&D in Informatics Romania
Fox, Kelly Texas Tech University USA
Goulding, Tom Daniel Webster College USA
Grincewicz, Amy University of Cincinnati USA
Hardy, Jim Idaho State University USA
Harris, Trevor University of Wales Trinity Saint David UK
Hendel, Russell Jay Towson University USA
Henninger, Michael University of Education Germany
Herget, Josef University of Applied Sciences of Eastern Switzerland Switzerland
Hodge, Diane M. Radford University USA
Holifield, David University of Wales Institute Cardiff UK
Horne, Jeremy Maricopa Community College USA
Hottenstein, Alex NorthPoint Solutions USA
Jones, Paul University of Cincinnati USA
Karamat, Parwaiz Open Polytechnic of New Zealand New Zealand
Kasapoglu, Ercin Hacettepe University Turkey
Kaufmann, Christian University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien Austria
Kaufmann, Pascal Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Switzerland
Krakowska, Monika Jagiellonian University Poland
Kung, C. M. Shih Chien University Taiwan
Kutter, Anna K. University of Education Weingarten Germany
Lambert, Clayn Idaho State University USA
Litvin, Vladimir California Institute of Technology USA
Livne, Nava L. University of Utah USA
Livne, Oren E. University of Utah USA
López R., Leobardo University of Sonora Mexico
López-Z., Juan-Manuel Complutense University of Madrid Spain
Lowe, John University of Bath UK
Lowry, Pam Lawrence Technological University USA
Machotka, Jan University of South Australia Australia
Mackrill, Duncan University of Sussex UK
Marino, Mark Erie Community College USA
Martin, Paul University of Wisconsin-Marathon County USA
Mascari, Jean-François National Research Council Italy
Matsuno, Akira Teikyo University Japan
Mazur, Amy George Washington University USA
Mehrabian, Ali University of Central Florida USA
Mense, Alexander University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien Austria
Mostafaeipour, Ali Yazd University Iran
Mussoi, Eunice Maria Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
Nahmens, Isabelina University of Central Florida USA
Nave, Felecia M. Prairie View A&M University USA
Nedic, Zorica University of South Australia Australia
Olagunju, Amos Cloud State University USA
Olla, Phillip Madonna University USA
Ozdemir, Ahmet S. Marmara University Turkey
Paré, Dwayne E. University of Toronto Scarborough Canada
Parks, Gary G. National University USA
Pfeifer, Michael Technical University of Dortmund Germany
Phillips, C. Dianne NorthWest Arkansas Community College USA
Pieters, Cornelis P. University for Humanistics Netherlands
Pozzatti F., Mª Lucia Lutheran University of Brazil Brazil
Premadasa, Kirthi University of Wisconsin-Marathon County USA
Pucher, Robert University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien Austria
Rios, Jennifer National Louis University USA
Rodríguez, María D. University of Alcala Spain
Rosell, Bernard AT&T Laboratories USA
Salazar, Dora Texas Tech University USA
Schrader, P. G. University of Nevada USA
Schrobsdorff, Hecke Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization Germany
Sert, Yasemin University of South Florida USA
Shaw, Jill The Open University UK
Sleit, Azzam Talal University of Jordan USA
Soeiro, Alfredo University of Porto Portugal
Štogr, Jakub Charles University in Prague Czech Republic
Sturgill, Ronda The University of Tampa USA
Sulema, Yevgeniya National Technical University of Ukraine Ukraine
Sun, Baolin Wuhan University China
Swart, William East Carolina University USA
Taylor, Stephen Sussex University UK
Teng, Chia-Chi Brigham Young University USA
Traum, Maria Johannes Kepler University Austria
VanVooren, Carol California State University San Marcos USA
Voss, Andreas Dortmund University of Technology Germany
Wahl, Harald University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien Austria
Wells, Harvey King's College London UK
Woodthorpe, John The Open University UK
Yasser, Muhammad Chiba University Japan
Yu, Xin University of Bath UK
Zaretsky, Esther Academic College for Education Giv’at Washington Israel
Zongo, Romaric Cloud State University USA

































The 2nd International Conference on Education, Informatics, and Cybernetics: icEIC 2012

Kroumov, Valeri Okayama University of Science Japan
Li, Yu-Chiang Southern Taiwan University Taiwan
Macianskiene, Nemira Vytautas Magnus University Lithuania
Maldonado, Calixto National Technological University Argentina
Newsome, Mark Hewlett-Packard Company USA
Paganoni, Anna Maria Polytechnic University of Milan Italy
Parker, Gaylynn Mississippi Educational Community USA
Passos, Nelson Midwestern State University USA
Podaru, Vasile Military Technical Academy Romania
Pokkuluri, Kiran Sree NBKR Institute of Science & Technology India
Potter, Marcia Ministry of Education Virgin Islands (U.K.)
Soeiro, Alfredo University Porto Portugal
Torrisi-Steele, Geraldine Griffith University Australia
Vicente, Luís M. Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Wang, Ching-Huang National Formosa University Taiwan
Wang, Hongmei Northern Kentucky University USA
Zainon Hamzah, Zaitul A. Putra Malaysia University Malaysia































The 2nd International Conference on Education, Informatics, and Cybernetics: icEIC 2012



Alayón Miranda, Silvia Universidad de La Laguna Spain
Ariton, Viorel Danubius University Romania
Beer, Martin Sheffield Hallam University UK
Bi, Zhuming Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne USA
Breunig, Adriano Instituto Federal de Mato Grosso Brazil
Camargo, Luz H. Francisco Jose of Caldas District University Colombia
Corniel, Marla Simon Bolivar University Venezuela
Dee, Meaghan Virginia Tech USA
Donelle, Lorie University of Western Ontario Canada
El-Ariss, Bilal United Arab Emirates University UAE
Fan, Fenglei School of Geography - South China Normal University China
Florescu, Gabriela National Institute for R&D in Informatics Romania
Flórez, Héctor University of the Andes Colombia
Gaffney, Susan Governors State University USA
Gallardo Gallardo, Eva University of Barcelona Spain
González G., Carina S. Universidad de La Laguna Spain
Green, Andre University of South Alabama USA
Grinkraut, Melanie Mackenzie Presbyterian University Brazil
Lopes, Paulo Mackenzie Presbyterian University Brazil
Luetkehans, Lara Northern Illinois University USA
Macleod, Martha University of Northern British Columbia Canada
Matsaggouras, Ilias National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Greece
Mylonakou, Iro National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Greece
Parker, Gaylynn The Mississippi Community Education USA
Potorac, Alin Dan University of Suceava Romania
Rimbau Gilabert, Eva Open University of Catalonia Spain
Sharma, Jaideep Indira Gandhi National Open University India
Vicente, Luís M. Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Wallace, Tim North Carolina State University USA
Wathen, Nadine University of Western Ontario Canada
Yatsenko, Yuri Houston Baptist University USA
Yokota, Shou Setsunan University Japan
Yongming, Tang Southeast University China
Zeng, Wei School of Geography- South China Normal University China







The 2nd International Conference on Education, Informatics, and Cybernetics: icEIC 2012



PROGRAM COMMITTEE CHAIRS
Jorge Baralt
Friedrich Welsch

GENERAL CHAIRS
Nagib Callaos
Andrés Tremante

ORGANIZING COMMITTEE CHAIRS
Ángel Oropeza
Belkis Sánchez

CONFERENCES PROGRAM MANAGER
María Sánchez

TECHNICAL CONSULTANT ON COMPUTING SYSTEMS
Juan Manuel Pineda

META-REVIEWERS SUPPORT
María Sánchez
Dalia Sánchez

SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT, MAINTENANCE AND DEPLOYMENT
Dalia Sánchez
Keyla Guédez
Nidimar Díaz
Bebzabeth García

HARDCOPY PROCEEDINGS PRODUCTION CHAIR
María Sánchez

CD PROCEEDINGS PRODUCTION CHAIR
Juan Manuel Pineda

PROCEEDINGS PRODUCTION SUPPORT
Dalia Sánchez
Keyla Guédez
Marcela Briceño

PROMOTIONAL SUPPORT
Keyla Guédez
Nidimar Díaz
Freddy Callaos

OPERATIONAL ASSISTANTS
Marcela Briceño
Cindi Padilla


HELP DESK
Louis Barnes
Sean Barnes
José Aponte
The 2nd International Conference on Design and Modeling in Science, Education, and Technology: DeMset 2012


Abdulwahed, Mahmoud Loughborough University UK
Acharya, Sushil Robert Morris University USA
Ahn, Kwang Il Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute South Korea
Alameh, Kamal Edith Cowan University Australia
Alhayyan, Khalid N. University of South Florida USA
Ali, Shahid National University of Science and Technology Pakistan
Al-Omari, Hussein Applied Science University Jordan
Alsayegh, Osamah Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research Kuwait
Annakkage, U. D. University of Manitoba Canada
Arimitsu, Yoshihiro Mesei University Japan
Aristarkhov, Vasily Intel Corporation Russian Federation
Arndt, Angela E. University of Cincinnati USA
Aslam, Dean M. Michigan State University USA
Baker Jr., Robert M. L. Transportation Sciences Corporation USA
Bang, Duck Je Chungbuk National University South Korea
Bell, Colin A. Brunel University UK
Bertel, Lykke Aalborg University Denmark
Blanchard, Richard Loughborough University UK
Bo, Hao Shenyang Ligong University China
Bowman, Jr., Joseph University at Albany USA
Butler, Cary US Army Corps of Engineers USA
Campbell, David J. Siemens Medical Systems USA
Carnahan, Heather University of Toronto Canada
Castillo A., Alejandro Autonomous University of Yucatan Mexico
Chalupa, Milan Brno Univerzity of Technology Czech Republic
Chang, Julian Ching Yun University Taiwan
Chang, Jyun-Wei National Chiao Tung University Taiwan
Chang, Kuo-Hwa Chung Yuan Christian University Taiwan
Chen, Huifen Chung Yuan Christian University Taiwan
Chen, Mei-Yung National Taiwan Normal University Taiwan
Chen, Zong Fairleigh Dickinson University USA
Cheng, Yi-Chang National Chiao Tung University Taiwan
Chiu, Ting-Lan University of Minnesota USA
Cho, Kyoung-Rok Chungbuk National University South Korea
Cho, Young Duk Blink Studios South Korea
Choi, Yu-Lee Chungbuk National University South Korea
Chou, Yu-Hur Tung Nan University Taiwan
Chowdhury, Masud H. University of Illinois at Chicago USA
Chudý, Peter Brno University of Technology Czech Republic
PROGRAM COMMITTEE

Chairs: C. Dale Zinn (USA)
Mohammad Siddique (USA)

Chung, Won Jee Changwon National University South Korea
Ciastellardi, Matteo Polytechnic of Milano Italy
Costa, F. F. University of Bahia Brazil
Cowan, Mark US Army Corps of Engineers USA
Cruciani, Andrea University of Toronto Canada
Davis, Karen C. University of Cincinnati USA
Dawoud, D. S. University of KwaZulu Natal South Africa
Dawoud, Peter D. University of KwaZulu Natal South Africa
D'Cruz, Carmo Florida Institute of Technology USA
De Castro L, Antonio C. Federal University of Bahia Brazil
De Kerckhove, Derrick University of Toronto Canada
DeMaria, Samuel Mount Sinia School of Medicine USA
Domínguez, Miguel A. University of Vigo Spain
Dubrowski, Adam University of Toronto Canada
Eilouti, Buthayna H. Jordan University of Science and Technology Jordan
Fontana, M. Federal University of Bahia Brazil
Fujita, Naoyuki Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Japan
Glovnea, Romeo P. Brunel University UK
Greca, Ardian Georgia Southern University USA
Guimarães, Diego Federal University of Bahia Brazil
Gunn, Rod University of Glamorgan UK
Guo, Weidong Purdue University China
Hashimoto, Shigehiro Osaka Institute of Technology Japan
Hasnaoui, Salem National Engineering School of Tunis Tunisia
Hendel, Russell Jay Towson University USA
Herrnstadt, Steven Iowa State University USA
Hirz, Mario Graz University of Technology Austria
Honzik, Petr Brno University of Technology Czech Republic
Hook, Derek J. University of Minnesota USA
Horvath, Gabor University of Glamorgan UK
Howell, P. R. Pennsylvania State University USA
Hsu, Yung-Chi National Chiao Tung University Taiwan
Huang, C. J. Ching Yun University Taiwan
Huang, Hsuan-Kuan Industrial Technology Research Institute Taiwan
Ishikawa, Koichiro Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Japan
Ismail, Napsiah Putra Malaysia University Malaysia
Iyyunni, Chakradhar University of Houston USA
Jamuar, Sudhanshu S. Putra Malaysia University Malaysia
Jun, Moon-Seog Soongsil University South Korea
Kao, Diana University of Windsor Canada
Katila, Sanda Kent State University USA
Katz, Daniel Mount Sinai School of Medicine USA
Kermanshahi, Shahab Sharif University of Technology Iran
Khaled, Pervez University of Illinois at Chicago USA
Kim, Chul University of New South Wales Australia
Kim, Dae-Jung Soongsil University South Korea
Kim, Ho Chong Shinsung Solar Energy South Korea
Kim, Hyung Nam Virginia Tech USA
Kim, Jae Min Changwon National University South Korea
Kim, Jeong-Jai Soongsil University South Korea
Kim, Mijin Duksung Womens University South Korea
Kim, Seok-Man Chungbuk National University South Korea
Koo, Kil Mo Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute South Korea
Krylov, Vladimir Intel Corporation Russian Federation
Kucera, Pavel Brno University of Technology Czech Republic
Kulkarni, Arun University of Texas USA
Kuragano, Tetsuzo Meisei University Japan
Kurita, Takio Hiroshima University Japan
Lau, Newman Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Lee, Eun-Hee Chungbuk National University South Korea
Lee, Eunoak Duksung Women’s University South Korea
Lee, Je-Hoon Chungbuk National University South Korea
Lee, Seung-Min Soongsil University South Korea
Lee, Won Chang Changwon National University South Korea
Lee, Young-Sang Samsung South Korea
Lesaja, Goran Georgia Southern University USA
Leung, Lin City University of New York USA
Li, Xiaoping National University of Singapore Singapore
Lin, Hong University of Houston Downtown USA
Lin, Huan Yu National Chiao Tung University Taiwan
Lin, J. Ching Yun University Taiwan
Lin, Sheng-Fuu Nation Chiao Tung University Taiwan
Liu, Yuyu University Tsinghua China
López-M., Cuauhtemoc University of Guadalajara Mexico
Machado, I. D. R. Federal University of Bahia Brazil
Maheshwari, Bharat University of Windsor Canada
Mares, Cristinel Brunel University UK
Mariño, Perfecto University of Vigo Spain
Masunov, Artëm E. University of Central Florida USA
McCann, Roy A. University of Arkansas USA
Merino, Miguel Community Health Centre at Merino Spain
Mikhaylov, Ivan A. University of Central Florida USA
Miranda de A., Cristina University of the Basque Country Spain
Mochizuki, Shuichi Osaka Institute of Technology Japan
Mohan, K. Krishna Indian Institute of Technology Bombay India
Mohanan, P. Cochin University of Science and Technology India
Moin, Lubna National University of Science and Technology Pakistan
Mokhov, Serguei A. Concordia University Canada
Morita, Yusuke Osaka Institute of Technology Japan
Moss, Gloria University of Glamorgan UK
Mridula, S. Cochin University of Science and Technology India
Muñoz, Humberto Southern University and A&M College USA
Mythili, P. Cochin University of Science and Technology India
Nagy, Zoltan K. Loughborough University UK
Nam, Chang Soo University of Arkansas USA
Ndagije, Charles National University of Rwanda Rwanda
Ng, M. C. F. Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Ng, Min Shen Putra Malaysia University Malaysia
Nooshabadi, Saeid Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology South Korea
Oanta, Emil Constanta Maritime University Romania
Obrebski, Jan B. Warsaw University of Technology Poland
Oh, Kil Nam Gwangju University South Korea
Oh, Paul Drexel University USA
Okada, Masahide Osaka Institute of Technology Japan
Ono, Kohei Osaka Institute of Technology Japan
Ostergaard, Soren Duus IBM Software Group Denmark
Otero, Santiago University of Vigo Spain
Paiano, Roberto University of Salento Italy
Park, Uchang Duksung Women’s University South Korea
Paul, Binu Cochin University of Science and Technology India
Petkov, Emil Northumbria University UK
Pisupati, Sarma V. Penn State University USA
Platanitis, George University of Ontario Institute of Technology Canada
Podaru, Vasile Military Technical Academy Romania
Pop-Iliev, Remon University of Ontario Institute of Technology Canada
Pulimeno, Enrico University of Lecce Italy
Ramírez C., Guillermo Soka University Japan
Raud, Zoja Tallinn University of Technology Estonia
Rebielak, Janusz Wroclaw University of Technology Poland
Riedling, Eveline Technical University of Vienna Austria
Robins, David Kent State University USA
Rojas-Moreno, Arturo National University of Engineering Peru
Rossbacher, Patrick Graz University of Technology Austria
Rutherfoord, James K. Chattahoochee Technical College USA
Rutherfoord, Rebecca H. Southern Polytechnic State University USA
Rzucidlo, Pawel Rzeszow University of Technology Poland
Saad, Inès University of Picardie Jules Verne France
Sangiorgi, U. B. Federal University of Bahia Brazil
Sariyildiz, Sevil Delft University of Technology Netherlands
Sateesh Reddy, J. Birla Institute of Technology and Science India
Sato, Yoshishige Tsuruoka National College of Technology Japan
Scharfe, Henrik Aalborg University Denmark
Seetharaman, R. National Academy of Excellence India
Shafahi, Yousef Sharif University of Technology Iran
Shaikh, Muzaffar Florida Institute of Technology USA
Sharieh, Ahmad University of Jordan Jordan
Shyu, Hsin-Yih (Cindy) Tamkang University Taiwan
Sidek, Roslina University Putra Malaysia Malaysia
Sissom, James Southern Illinois University USA
Smith-Jackson, Tonya Virginia Tech USA
Snidvongs, Suravut Thai Natural Products Thailand
Snow, Richard K. Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University USA
Song, Yong Mann Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute South Korea
Srinivasan, S. Indian Institute of Technology India
Srivastava, Smriti Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology India
Steiner, Bernhard University of Vienna Austria
Su, J. L. Quanzhou Normal University China
Sulaiman, S. Putra Malaysia University Malaysia
Tang, S. H. Putra Malaysia University Malaysia
Teshigawara, Yoshimi Soka University Japan
Tomovic, Mileta M. Purdue University USA
Torres Román, D. CINVESTAV Mexico
Tseng, Shian-Shyong National Chiao-Tung University China
Uddin, Vali National University of Sciences & Technology Pakistan
Vander Biest, Alexis Free University of Brussels Belgium
Vasili, M. R. Putra Malaysia University Malaysia
Ventä, Olli Technical Research Centre of Finland Finland
Verma, A. K. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay India
Vrána, Stanislav Czech Technical University in Prague Czech Republic
Wagiran, Rahman Putra Malaysia University Malaysia
Wang, Chuan-Ju National Taiwan University Taiwan
Wang, S. W. Ching Yun University Taiwan
Wile, Gregory Case Western Reserve University USA
Wilson, Ralph Florida State University USA
Wong, Ben Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Xia, W. J. Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Yamaguchi, Akira Mesei University Japan
Yang, Joon Eon Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute South Korea
Yeh, Syh-Shiuh National Taipei University of Technology Taiwan
Yoon, Young Min Shinsung Holdings South Korea
Zaretsky, Esther Giv’at Washington Academic College of Education Israel
Zhang, Yuru Beihang University China
Zheng, Huiyong University of Michigan USA





































The 2nd International Conference on Design and Modeling in Science, Education, and Technology: DeMset 2012



ADDITIONAL REVIEWERS


Als, Adrian University of the West Indies Barbados
Aruga, Masahiro Teikyo Heisei University Japan
Bangert, Patrick Algorithmica Technologies Corporation USA
Benbouziane, Mohamed University of Tlemcen Algeria
Deliyska, Boryana University of Forestry Bulgaria
Dimililer, Kamil Near East University Cyprus
Eaton, Adam Western Michigan University USA
Erkollar, Alptekin University of Applied Sciences Austria
Giampapa, Joseph Carnegie Mellon University USA
Huang, En-Hsin Alcatel-Lucent Technologies USA
Ivanov, Sergiu University of Craiova Romania
Lin, Chieh-Yu Chang Jung Christian University Taiwan
Puranik, Parag G.H Raisoni College of Engineering India
Risteiu, Mircea University of Alba Iulia Romania
Rodríguez L., Gloria I. National University of Colombia Colombia
Ruan, Tongjun New Mexico Tech USA
Sheng, Ye University of California Berkeley USA
Vizureanu, Petrica Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iai Romania
Zaretsky, Esther Giv'at Washington Academic College of Education Israel


























The 2nd International Conference on Design and Modeling in Science, Education, and Technology: DeMset 2012



Adewuyi, David Virginia Union University Nigeria
Ajayi, Olutayo Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta Nigeria
Awodele, Oludele Babcock University Ilisan Nigeria
Babai, Zied Bordeaux Management School France
Boxnick, Simon University Paderborn Germany
Camargo, Maria Emilia University of Caxias do Sul Brazil
Chang, Jian Bournemouth University UK
Ciocci, Richard Penn State University USA
Codjoe, Henry Dalton State College USA
Costa, Fiammetta Politechnic of Milano Italy
Dellagi, Sofiene LGIPM France
Dullius, Angela Isabel Federal University of Santa Maria Brazil
Harnett, John University of Western Autralia Australia
Jordaan, Dawid North West University South Africa
Klopper, Rembrandt University of KwaZulu South Africa
Lindsay, Noel University of Adelaide Australia
Mavetera, Nehemiah North West University South Africa
McMurray, Kelly College of Southern Maryland USA
Miranda de A., Cristina University of the Basque Country Spain
Miron, Cristina Bucharest University Romania
Møller Andersen, Nina University of Copenhagen Denmark
Pater, Jan-Patrick University Paderborn Germany
Peterson, Marcus University Paderborn Germany
Rampino, Lucia Politechnic of Milano Italy
Rubín, Gustavo Autonomous University of Puebla Mexico
Theissen, Myra University of South Australia Australia
Zhang, Yuping Shanghai Normal University China













ADDITIONAL REVIEWERS FOR THE
NON-BLIND REVIEWING
The 2nd International Conference on Design and Modeling in Science, Education, and Technology: DeMset 2012


HONORARY PRESIDENT
William Lesso

GENERAL CHAIRS
Nagib Callaos
Hsing-Wei Chu

PROGRAM COMMITTEE CHAIRS
Mohammad Siddique
C. Dale Zinn

ORGANIZING COMMITTEE CHAIRS
Andrés Tremante
Belkis Sánchez

HARDCOPY PROCEEDINGS PRODUCTION CHAIR
María Sánchez

CD PROCEEDINGS PRODUCTION CHAIR
Juan Manuel Pineda

SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT, MAINTENANCE AND DEPLOYMENT
Dalia Sánchez
Keyla Guédez
Nidimar Díaz
Bebzabeth García

OPERATIONAL ASSISTANTS
Marcela Briceño
Cindi Padilla

HELP DESK
Louis Barnes
Sean Barnes
José Aponte

CONFERENCES PROGRAM MANAGER
María Sánchez

TECHNICAL CONSULTANT ON COMPUTING SYSTEMS
Juan Manuel Pineda


META-REVIEWERS SUPPORT
María Sánchez
Dalia Sánchez

PROCEEDINGS PRODUCTION SUPPORT
Dalia Sánchez
Keyla Guédez
Marcela Briceño

PROMOTIONAL SUPPORT
Keyla Guédez
Nidimar Díaz
Freddy Callaos
The 2nd International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Applications: ICTA 2012


Abdel-Qader, Ikhlas Western Michigan University USA
Abusitta, Adel Ajman University of Science and Technology UAE
Acharya, Sushil Robert Morris University USA
Adamopoulou, Evgenia National Technical University of Athens Greece
Affenzeller, Michael Upper Austrian University of Applied Sciences Austria
Aguirre-Muñoz, Zenaida Texas Tech University USA
Aksoy, M. S. King Saud University Saudi Arabia
Al Obaidy, Mohaned Gulf College Oman
Alhamouz, Sadeq Umm Al-Qura University Saudi Arabia
Als, Adrian University of the West Indies Barbados
Alshara, Osama Higher Colleges of Technology UAE
Alvarado Moore, Karla University of Central Florida USA
Alzamil, Zakarya Riyadh College of Technology Saudi Arabia
Amaral, Luis University of Minho Portugal
Ammann, Walter J. SLF Switzerland
Anantharaj, Valentine Mississippi State University USA
Andina, Diego Polytechnic University of Madrid Spain
Anton, José M. Polytechnic University of Madrid Spain
Anunciação, Pedro Polytechnic Institute of Setubal Portugal
Aoki, Toru Shizuoka University Japan
Aruga, Masahiro Tokai University Japan
Assaf, Mansour University of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
Astakhov, Vadim University of California San Diego USA
Aukstakalnis, Nerijus Kaunas University of Technology Lithuania
Bangert, Patrick Algorithmica Technologies USA
Barkana, Atalay Anadolu University Turkey
Barkstrom, Bruce Retired NOAA/NASA USA
Baruah, Debendra C. Tezpur University India
Basso, Giuliano Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Belgium
Belcher, E. Christina Trinity Western University Canada
Benbouziane, Mohamed University of Tlemcen Algeria

PROGRAM COMMITTEE

Chairs: C. Dale Zinn (USA)
Hsing-Wei Chu (USA)

Benedicenti, Luigi University of Regina Canada
Bennett, Leslie University of Louisville USA
Bermeo, José University of the Andes Colombia
Bernardino, Jorge Coimbra Institute of Engineering Portugal
Bhat, Talapady N. National Institute of Standards and Technology USA
Bhattacharyya, Siddhartha University of Kentucky USA
Bidarra, José University of Aberta Portugal
Blanchard, Richard Loughborough University UK
Boguslavsky, Andrey A. Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics Russian Federation
Bolboaca, Sorana Daniela Iuliu Haþieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy Romania
Bönke, Dietmar Reutlingen University Germany
Borchers, Carsten H. J. University of Hanover Germany
Botto, Todd Quinnipiac University USA
Boukachour, J. Le Havre University France
Bradl, Peter University of Würzburg Germany
Branski, L. K. University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston USA
Broussard, Randy P. United States Naval Academy USA
Bubnov, Alexej Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic Czech Republic
Bueno, Newton Paulo Federal University of Viçosa Brazil
Burke, David Robert Morris University USA
Burnett, Andrea University of the West Indies Barbados
Burton, Gideon O. Brigham Young University USA
Butrous, Nasir Australian Catholic University Australia
Byun, Juman George Washington University USA
Caldera, Lizeth Florida International University USA
Calenzo, Patrick IM2NP France
Cano, Julio University Carlos III of Madrid Spain
Cao, Hong Southern Medical University China
Cárdenas, Henry E. Louisiana Tech University USA
Cardoso, Eduardo ITESM Mexico
Carrasquero, José Vicente Simon Bolivar University Venezuela
Cázares-Rangel, Víctor M. ITESM Mexico
Cerny, Václav University of West Bohemia Czech Republic
Cha, Seung Tae Korea Electronic Power Research Institute South Korea
Cha, Sung-Hyuk Pace University USA
Chandra, Vigyan Eastern Kentucky University USA
Chen, Huei-Huang Tatung University Taiwan
Chen, Lisa Y. I-Shou University Taiwan
Chen, Shih-Chih Tatung University Taiwan
Chen, Yil Huafan University Taiwan
Chen, Yuhua University of Houston USA
Cheng, Kuo-Sheng National Cheng-Kung University Taiwan
Cherinka, R. The MITRE Corporation USA
Chien, Steven New Jersey Institute of Technology USA
Chiou, Richard Drexel University USA
Chiou, Yin-Wah Nanhua University Taiwan
Cho, Kyoung-Rok Chungbuk National University South Korea
Cho, Tae Won Chungbuk National University South Korea
Cho, Vincent The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Choi, Seonho Bowie State University USA
Choi, Seung-Seok Pace University USA
Choi, Yu-Lee Chungbuk National University South Korea
Choo, Jinboo Korea Electric Power Research Institute South Korea
Chou, Andrew Kainan University Taiwan
Chou, Hsueh-Cheng National Taiwan Normal University Taiwan
Chowdhury, Masud H. University of Illinois at Chicago USA
Cipolla Ficarra, Francisco Multimedia Communications Corp. Italy
Cirella, Jonathan Research Triangle Institute USA
Clarke, Tim University of Wales Institute Cardiff UK
Coffman, Michael G. Southern Illinois University Carbondale USA
Cohen, Bernard City University London UK
Contreras, Sebastián University of the Andes Colombia
Cote, Paul Benet Laboratories USA
Cowan, Jimmy Florida Institute of Technology USA
Cripe, Billy Oracle Corporation USA
Dawoud, Dawoud University of KwaZulu Natal South Africa
de Camargo, Rubens Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie Brazil
De Volder, Dennis Western Illinois University USA
DeFonzo, Alfred P. University of Massachusetts Amherst USA
Demestichas, Konstantinos National Technical University of Athens Greece
Desa, Shakinaz Sultan Idris University of Education Malaysia
Dhall, Sudarshan University of Oklahoma USA
Diallo, Saikou Y. Old Dominion University USA
Djukom, C. D. University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston USA
Dolan, Dan South Dakota School of Mines & Technology USA
Dold, Claudia Jennifer Florida Mental Health Institute USA
Dosi, Vasiliki University of Ioannina Sweden
Dudell, Gary College of Behavioral & Community Sciences USA
Duman, Hakan University of Essex UK
Dunning, Jeremy Indiana University USA
Dziong, Zbigniew University of Québec Canada
Edwards, Stephen H. Virginia Tech USA
El-Halafawy, Farag Z. Menoufiya University Egypt
Elmahboub, W. M. Hampton University USA
Emdad, F. University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston USA
Eom, Hyeonsang Seoul National University South Korea
Erickson, Sarah Florida International University USA
Erkollar, Alptekin University of Applied Sciences Austria
Eshraghian, Kamran Eshraghian Laboratories South Korea
Estévez, Leonardo Texas Instruments USA
Fang, Zhonghua Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics USA
Fisher, Wendy The Open University UK
Florescu, Gabriela C. National Institute for R&D in Informatics Romania
Fogelholm, Mikael Academy of Finland Communications Finland
Fougeres, Alain-Jerome University of Technology of Belfort-Montbéliard France
Fox, Kelly Texas Tech University USA
Freund, Rudolf Vienna University of Technology Austria
Fu, Shih-Lung National Taiwan University Taiwan
Fu, Xiuju Institute of High Performance Computing Singapore
Fu, Yonggang Shanghai Jiao Tong University China
Fuhrer, Patrik University of Fribourg Switzerland
Fujikawa, Takemi University of Western Sydney Australia
Fujita, Naoyuki Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Japan
Fumizawa, Motoo Shonan Institute of Technology Japan
Fúster-Sabater, Amparo Spanish Council for Scientific Research Spain
Gagnon, Francois School of High Technology Canada
Ganapathi, Nanthini Research Triangle Institute USA
García-Atanacio, César National Nuclear Research Institute Mexico
Garibaldi, Jonathan M. University of Nottingham UK
Georgescu, Vasile University of Craiova Romania
Gesekus, Tim Aeronautical Information Service Germany
Glotzbach, Ronald J. Purdue University USA
Godavarty, Anuradha Florida International University USA
González, Jean Florida International University USA
Gordon, Richard University of KwaZulu Natal South Africa
Goriachkin, Oleg
Volga State Academy of Telecommunication and
Informatics
Russian Federation
Gosselin, Clément Laval University Canada
Goulding, Tom Daniel Webster College USA
Graven, Olaf H. Buskerud University College Norway
Gregory, Mark A. RMIT University Australia
Guadarrama, Javier de J. Technological Institute of Toluca Mexico
Guevara López, Miguel A. University of Porto Portugal
Guiasu, Radu Cornel York University Canada
Guiasu, Silviu York University Canada
Gulez, Kayhan Yildiz Technical University Turkey
Guo, Dagang National University of Singapore Singapore
Gustavsson, Rune Blekinge Institute of Technology Sweden
Haba, C. G. Technical University of Iasi Romania
Hallot, Frédéric Royal Military Academy Belgium
Hamanaka, Masatoshi University of Tsukuba Japan
Hammond, Bruce R. Saint Leo University USA
Hangai, Seiichiro Tokyo University of Science Japan
Hao, Tianyong City University of Hong Kong China
Hardy, Frank University of South Carolina Upstate USA
Hardy, Leon C. Embry Riddle Aeronautical University USA
Hashimoto, Shigehiro Osaka Institute of Technology Japan
Heiserich, Gerd University of Hanover Germany
Hemmelman, Brian The South Dakota School of Mines and Technology USA
Hendel, Russell Jay Towson University USA
Henninger, Michael University of Education Germany
Herget, Josef University of Applied Sciences of Eastern Switzerland Switzerland
Hernández-R., Emigdio M. CINVESTAV Mexico
Herr, Stephan Aeronautical Information Service Germany
Hetzer, Dirk T-Systems International GmbH Germany
Higashiyama, Yoichi Ehime University Japan
Hochin, Teruhisa Osaka Prefecture University Japan
Hodge, Diane M. Radford University USA
Hofmeister, Helge BASF IT Services Belgium
Hong, Yun-Ki Chungbuk National University South Korea
Hopf, Anthony P. Raytheon Corporation USA
Horne, Jeremy Inventors Assistance League Mexico
Hovakimyan, Anna Yerevan State University Armenia
Hsu, Pai-Hui National Taiwan University Taiwan
Hsu, Shu-Mei Tatung University Taiwan
Huang, Pin Chia I-Shou University Kaohsiung Taiwan
Huang, Ruhua Wuhan University China
Huang, Sheng He University of Southern California USA
Huang, Yo-Ping National Taipei University of Technology Taiwan
Hvass, Michael IBM Denmark Denmark
Iembo, Rosanna University of Calabria Italy
Imamura, Nobuaki Kobe City College of Technology Japan
Ishikawa, Hiroshi
NUIS
Japan
Ito, Akinori Tohoku University Japan
Jäntschi, Lorentz Academic Direct Organization Romania
Jiménez R., Lourdes University of Alcala Spain
Johnson, Mark Benet Laboratories USA
Jones, Paul University of Cincinnati USA
Jonson, Mark University of New Mexico USA
Jung, Edward Southern Polytechnic University USA
Jung, Kyung Im Samsung Electronics, R. O. Korea South Korea
Jung, Kyung Kwon Dongguk University South Korea
Jung, Seul Chungnam National University South Korea
Kado, Yuichi Kyoto Institute of Technology Japan
Kadoch, Michel School of High Technology Canada
Kao, Chih-Yang Ming-Chuan University Taiwan
Karamat, Parwaiz Open Polytechnic of New Zealand New Zealand
Kasapoglu, Ercin Hacettepe University Turkey
Kaszubiak, J. University Magdeburg Germany
Katsikas, Sokratis University of Piraeus Greece
Kawaguchi, Masashi Suzuka National College of Technology Japan
Kehtarnavaz, Nasser University of Texas at Dallas USA
Khaled, Pervez University of Illinois at Chicago USA
Khan, Faisal Khalifa University of Science UAE
Kim, Jeongdae Information and Communications University South Korea
Kim, Kyungwoo University of Florida USA
Kim, Seok-Man Chungbuk National University South Korea
Kim, Yeo Jin Samsung Electronics, R. O. Korea South Korea
Kim, Yeon-Ho Chungbuk National University South Korea
Kim, Yong Hak Korea Electric Power Research Institute South Korea
Kincaid, Rex K. The College of William and Mary USA
Kira, Dennis S. Concordia University Canada
Kizirian, Robin Drexel University USA
Klapp, Jaime National Nuclear Research Institute Mexico
Kobal, Damjan University of Ljubljana Slovenia
Kobase, Taku Kyoto Institute of Technology Japan
Komatsu, Takanori Shinshu University Japan
Kouki, A. School of High Technology Canada
Kozma-Bognár, Veronika University of Pannonia Hungary
Krakowska, Monika Jagiellonian University Poland
Kreisler, Alain University of Paris-Sud France
Krestyaninova, Maria Institute of Molecular Medicine Finland Finland
Kromrey, Jeffrey D. University of South Florida USA
Kronreif, Gernot Austrian Research Centers Austria
Krothapalli, Sreenivasa R. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur India
Kuftin, Felix A. Kolomna Teacher Training Institute Russian Federation
Kung, C. M. Shih Chien University Kaohsiung Campus Taiwan
Kuragano, Tetsuzo Meisei University Japan
Kusunoki, Tatsuya Kyoto Institute of Technology Japan
Kutter, Anna K. University of Education Germany
Kwon, Yongjin (James) Ajou University South Korea
Lahlouhi, Ammar University of Biskra Algeria
Lai, James C. K. Idaho State University College of Pharmacy USA
Laksmivarahan, S. University of Oklahoma USA
Larab, Ali Champollion University France
Latawiec, Krzysztof J. Opole University of Technology Poland
Latchman, Haniph A. University of Florida USA
Lau, Newman Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Lee, Jae-Suk Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology South Korea
Lee, Kangsun MyongJi University South Korea
Lee, Nam Ho Korea Electric Power Research Institute South Korea
Lee, Sang-Jin Chungbuk National University South Korea
Lee, Suk Bong Samsung Electronics, R. O. Korea South Korea
Lee, Yih-Jiun Chien Kuo Technology University Taiwan
Lee, Yusin National Cheng Kung University Taiwan
Letellier, T. Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2 University France
Lin, Feng-Tyan National Taiwan University Taiwan
Lin, Huan Yu National Chiao Tung University Taiwan
Lin, Shu-Chiung Tatung University Taiwan
Linares, Oscar Francisco Jose of Caldas District University Colombia
Lind, Nancy Illinois State University USA
Lipikorn, Rajalida Chulalongkorn University Thailand
Lipinski, Piotr Technical University of Lodz Poland
Litvin, Vladimir California Institute of Technology USA
Liu, Jun University of Ulster UK
Liu, Kuo-Shean Tatung University Taiwan
Liu, Shih-Chi Tatung University Taiwan
Livne, Nava L. University of Utah USA
Livne, Oren E. University of Utah USA
López Román, Leobardo University of Sonora Mexico
Lou, Shi Jer NPUST Taiwan
Loutfi, Mohamed University of Sunderland UK
Love C., Gloria Dillard University-retired USA
Lowe, John University of Bath UK
Lowry, Pam Lawrence Technological University USA
Luh, Guan Chun Tatung University Taiwan
Lui, Wen Lik Dennis Monash University Australia
Lyell, Margaret Intelligent Automation, Inc. USA
Ma, Yongqing Victoria University of Wellington New Zealand
Machotka, Jan University of South Australia Australia
Mahendran, Francis Motorola Software Group Singapore Singapore
Mahgoub, Ahmed G. Alexandria University Egypt
Mak, Peng Un University of Macau Macau
Manley, Denis Dublin Institute of Technology Ireland
Mansikkamäki, Pauliina Tampere University of Technology Finland
Marino, Mark Erie County Community College USA
Marlowe, Thomas Seton Hall University USA
Martínez, Pablo Laboratory for Advanced Brain Signal Processing Japan
Martínez, Sergio Florida International University USA
Martínez M. Natividad University Carlos III of Madrid Spain
Marwala, Tshilidzi University of Johannesburg South Africa
Mascari, Jean-François National Research Council Italy
Masoumi, Nasser University of Tehran Iran
Mathews, Brian University of Bedfordshire UK
Matsumoto, Kazunori KDDI R&D Laboratories Inc. Japan
Matsuno, Akira Teikyo University Japan
Mayer, Daniel University of West Bohemia Czech Republic
Mbobi, Aime Mokhoo Centennial College Canada
Medina, Omar University of Guanajuato Mexico
Mehrabian, Ali University of Central Florida USA
Mellouli, Sehl Laval University Canada
Meyer, Heiko Munich University of Applied Sciences Germany
Michaelis, B. University Magdeburg Germany
Migliarese, Piero University of Calabria Italy
Miller, R. MITRE Corporation USA
Minnaert, Eric South Dakota School of Mines & Technology USA
Mirza Sebzali, Yussef Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research Kuwait
Mistry, Jaisheel University of Witwatersrand South Africa
Mitchell, Charles Grambling State University USA
Moin, Lubna Pakistan Navy Engineering College Pakistan
Moreau, Alban University of Brest France
Moreno, Carlos Central University of Venezuela Venezuela
Moreno S., Ana Mª Polytechnic University of Madrid Spain
Morii, Hisashi Shizuoka University Japan
Mostafaeipour, Ali Yazd University Iran
Muknahallipatna, Suresh University of Wyoming USA
Muraleedharan, Rajani Syracuse University USA
Mussoi, Eunice Maria Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
Naddeo, Alessandro University of Salerno Italy
Nadworny, Margaret Global Software Group, Motorola USA
Nagai, Ryoji Kyoto Institute of Technology Japan
Nagai, Yasuo Tokyo University of Information Sciences Japan
Nagalakshmi, Vadlamani Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management India
Nagaoka, Tomoyuki Tokyo Metropolitan University Japan
Nahmens, Isabelina University of Central Florida USA
Nair, Sukumaran Southern Methodist University USA
Nakashima, Takuya Shizuoka University Japan
Nam, Su Chul Korea Electronic Power Research Institute South Korea
Nave, Felecia M. Prairie View A&M University USA
Nawawi, S. W. University Technology of Malaysia Malaysia
Nazmy, Taymoor M. Ain Shams University Egypt
Nedic, Zorica University of South Australia Australia
Nelwamondo, Fulufhelo University of the Witwatersrand South Africa
Neo, Yoichiro Shizuoka University Japan
Nguyen, Mai Research Triangle Institute USA
Nguyen, Patricia Research Triangle Institute USA
Ni, Xingliang University of Science and Technology of China China
Noh, Bong Nam Chonnam National University South Korea
Nonaka, Hidetoshi Hokkaido University Japan
Nousala, Susu Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University Australia
Novikov, Oleg Tomko, Inc. Russian Federation
Nyan, M. N. National University of Singapore Singapore
Obrebski, Jan B. Warsaw University of Technology Poland
O'Brien, Ann Loughborough University UK
Ocelka, Tomas Institute of Public Health Czech Republic
Oh, Yun Sang Samsung Electronics, R. O. Korea South Korea
Ojala, Pasi University of Oulu Finland
Olla, Phillip Madonna University USA
Olson, Patrick C. National University and Aware Consulting Group USA
Ong, Soh-Khim National University of Singapore Singapore
Ong, Vincent Koon University of Bedfordshire UK
Osadciw, Lisa Ann Syracuse University USA
Ostergaard, Soren Duus IBM Europe Denmark
Overmeyer, Ludger Institute of Transport and Automation Technology Germany
Oya, Hidetoshi Shonan Institute of Technology Japan
Ozdemir, Ahmet S. Marmara University Turkey
Palesi, Maurizio University of Catania Italy
Paré, Dwayne E. University of Toronto Scarborough Canada
Park, Kyung-Chang Chungbuk National University South Korea
Park, Young C. Baekseok University South Korea
Parks, Gary G. National University USA
Pécatte, Jean-Marie University Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III France
Pedrycz, Witold University of Alberta Canada
Peng, Jian University of Saskatchewan Canada
Petkov, Emil Northumbria University UK
Pfeifer, Michael Technical University of Dortmund Germany
Phillips, C. Dianne NorthWest Arkansas Community College USA
Phillips, James Louisiana Tech University USA
Pierce, Ryan M. Arkansas State University USA
Pieters, Cornelis P. University for Humanistics Netherlands
Pitzer, Erik University of Applied Sciences Hagenberg Austria
Platt, Glenn CSIRO Australia
Podaru, Vasile Military Technical Academy Romania
Polanski, Andrzej Silesian University of Technology Poland
Poon, Gilbert University of Waterloo Canada
Popentiu, Florin University of Oradea Romania
Postolache, Octavian Institute of Telecommunications Portugal
Poulin, Régis Laval University Canada
Pulcher, Karen L. University of Central Missouri USA
Pun, Daniel Central Queensland University Australia
Putnam, Janice University of Central Missouri USA
Quan, Xiaojun University of Science and Technology of China China
Quintyne, Vasco University of the West Indies Barbados
Rachev, Boris Technical University of Varna USA
Rahman, Anuar Abdul Pusat Tenaga Malaysia Malaysia
Rahman, Mohammad University of Texas at Dallas USA
Ramachandran, S. Indian Institute of Technology Madras India
Ramírez C., Guillermo H. Soka University Japan
Ratkovic Kovacevic, Nada University of Belgrade Serbia
Ren, Jianfeng Qualcomm Incorporated USA
Revetria, Roberto University of Genoa Italy
Reyes-Méndez, Jorge Joel Metropolitan Autonomous University Mexico
Riaz Moghal, Mohammad University College of Engineering and Technology Pakistan
Rigaud, Bernard Jean-François Champollion University Center for
Teaching and Research
France
Rock, R. University of the West Indies Barbados
Rodríguez, Mª Dolores University of Alcala Spain
Ropella, Glen E. Tempus Dictum Inc. USA
Rossignol, R. Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2 University France
Rossmann, Jürgen RWTH Aachen University Germany
Ruan, Tongjun New Mexico Tech USA
Saadane, Rachid Institut Eurecom France
Sahara, Tomohiro Osaka Institute of Technology Japan
Sala, Nicoletta University of Italian Switzerland Switzerland
Salazar, Dora Texas Tech University USA
Saleh, Magda M. Alexandria University Egypt
Samuelsen, Dag A. H. Buskerud University College Norway
Sanna, Andrea Polytechnic of Torino Italy
Šaruckij, Mark Cracow University of Economics Poland
Sateesh Reddy, J. Indian Institute of Technology Madras India
Sato, Tomoaki Hirosaki University Japan
Sax, Eric Mercedes-Benz Technology Gmbh Germany
Schaeffer, Donna M. Marymount University USA
Schlette, Christian RWTH Aachen University Germany
Schluse, M. RWTH Aachen University Germany
Schrader, P. G. University of Nevada, Las Vegas USA
Schulz, Lennart University of Hannover Germany
Schumacher, Jens University of Applied Sciences Vorarlberg Austria
Seepold, Ralf University Carlos III of Madrid Spain
Segall, Richard S. Arkansas State University USA
Seitzer, Jennifer University of Dayton USA
Sert, Yasemin University of South Florida USA
Shaw, Jill Open University UK
Shayeghi, Hossien Iran University of Science Iran
Shim, Eung Bo Korea Electric Power Research Institute South Korea
Shimasaki, Hitoshi Kyoto Institute of Technology Japan
Shin, Jungpil University of Aizu Japan
Shiraishi, Yoshiaki Nagoya Institute of Technology Japan
Shklyar, Benzion Holon Academic Institute of Technology Israel
Shum, Kwok Stanford University USA
Sim, Sang Gyoo Samsung Electronics, R. O. Korea South Korea
Sinkunas, Stasys Kaunas University of Technology Lithuania
Sleit, Azzam Talal University of Jordan Jordan
Soeiro, Alfredo University Porto Portugal
Song, Hong Jun University of Sydney Australia
Sosa-Sosa, Víctor J. CINVESTAV Mexico
Soundararajan, Ezekiel Indiana University of Pennsylvania USA
Srisawangrat, Songsiri University of Regina Canada
Starosolski, Zbigniew Silesian University of Technology Poland
Stasytyte, Viktorija Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Lithuania
Stößlein, Martin University of Erlangen Germany
Stubberud, Stephen The Boeing Company USA
Su, J. L. Shanghai University China
Su, Wei National University of Defense Technology USA
Su, Wen-Ray NCDR Taiwan
Sun, Baolin Wuhan University China
Swart, William East Carolina University USA
Szygenda, Stephen A. Southern Methodist University USA
Takemi, Fujikawa University of Western Sydney Australia
Tam, Wing K. Swinburne University of Technology Australia
Tay, Francis E. H. National University of Singapore Singapore
Taylor, Stephen Sussex University UK
Tchier, Fairouz King Saud University USA
Teng, Chia-Chi Brigham Young University USA
Teshigawara, Yoshimi Soka University Japan
Thakur, Amrit' Anshu Mississippi State University USA
Theologou, Michael National Technical University of Athens Greece
Thornton, Mitchell A. Southern Methodist University USA
Till, Robert John Jay College USA
Trahan, Shane Research Triangle Institute USA
Traum, Maria Johannes Kepler University Austria
Trimble, Robert Indiana University of Pennsylvania USA
Trzaska, Mariusz Polish Japanese Institute of Information Technology Poland
Tsai, Li-Hung Tatung University Taiwan
Tsaur, Woei-Jiunn Da-Yeh University Taiwan
Tseng, Ko Ying Tatung University Taiwan
Tseng, Tzu-Liang (Bill) University of Texas at El Paso USA
Tsiligaridis, John Heritage University USA
Tsubaki, Michiko University of Electro-Communications Japan
Väänänen, Kalervo University of Turku Finland
Valakevicius, Eimutis Kaunas University of Technology Lithuania
Van Delden, Sebastian University of South Carolina Upstate USA
Vanka, Sita Kakatiya University India
Vargoz, Erik P. College of William and Mary USA
Vasinek, Vladimir Technical University of Ostrava Czech Republic
Venkataraman, Satyamurti All India Association for Micro Enterprise Development India
Verlinde, Patrick Royal Military Academy Belgium
Verma, Pramode University of Oklahoma USA
Viloria, Orlando H. Simon Bolivar University Venezuela
Vitral, Renan Federal University of Juiz de Fora USA
Volkov-Husovic, T. University of Belgrade Yugoslavia
Voss, Andreas Dortmund University of Technology Germany
Wagner, Stefan University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria Austria
Wang, Lei University of Houston USA
Wang, Ling University of Oklahoma USA
Warwick, Jon London South Bank University UK
Wei, Xinzhou City University of New York USA
Wells, Harvey King's College London UK
Whitbrook, Amanda M. University of Nottingham UK
Whiteley, Rick Calabash Educational Software Canada
Woodhead, Steve University of Greenwich UK
Woodthorpe, John The Open University UK
Wu, Chun Yin Tatung University Taiwan
Wu, Shang-Yu NCDR Taiwan
Xu, L. National University of Singapore Singapore
Yamaguchi, Akira Meisei University Japan
Yan, Kuo Qin Chaoyang University of Technology Taiwan
Yan, Mu Tian Huafan University Taiwan
Yang, Huiqing Virginia State University USA
Yang, Hung Jen National Kaohsiung Normal University Taiwan
Yang, Ming Jacksonville State University USA
Yang, Sung Un Syracuse University USA
Yang, Yueh-Ting Drexel University USA
Yap, K. L. National University of Singapore Singapore
Yasser, Muhammad Chiba University Japan
Yatsymirskyy, Mykhaylo Technical University of Lodz Poland
Yazawa, Toru Tokyo Metropolitan University Japan
Yevgeniya, Sulema National Technical University of Ukraine Ukraine
Yoon, Changwoo Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute South Korea
Yoshida, Eri Toyohashi University of Technology Japan
Yoshida, Takahiro Tokyo University of Science Japan
You, Younggap Chungbuk National University South Korea
Yu, Chong Ho University of California at Berkeley USA
Yu, Xin University of Bath UK
Yuen, Fei Lung University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
Zadeh, Jeff Virginia State University USA
Zarama, Roberto University of the Andes Colombia
Zaretsky, Esther Givat Washington College of Education Israel
Zelinka, Tomas Czech Technical University in Prague Czech Republic
Zeller, Andrew J. Norisbank Germany
Zhang, Jinfang University of Waterloo Canada
Zhang, Linda L. University of Groningen Netherlands
Zhang, Qingyu Arkansas State University USA
Zhang, Xiaozheng Jane California Polytechnic State University USA
Zhou, Dan University of California San Diego USA
Zhu, Hui Soochow University China
Zobaa, Ahmed Cairo University Egypt










































International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Applications: ICTA 2012


ADDITIONAL REVIEWERS


Abdul Razak, Fariza H. MARA University of Technology Malaysia
Al Sabbagh, Abdallah University of Technology Sydney Australia
Anthony, Anish University of Alabama at Birmingham USA
Arko-A., Akwasi University of South Africa South Africa
Arsova, Elitsa University of Russe Bulgaria
Balas, Valentina Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad Romania
Bamidis, Panos Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Greece
Barnabas, Bede DigiPen Institute of Technology USA
Baudin, Veronique LAAS France
Belala, Faiza University Mentouri of Constantine Algeria
Benslimane, Sidi M. University of Sidi Bel Abbes Algeria
Canalda, Philippe University of Franche-Comté France
Chung, Wen-Yaw Chung Yuan Christian University Taiwan
Curós-Vilà, Pilar Open University of Catalonia Spain
Dias, Malcolm Benjamin Unilever Corporate Research UK
El Bakkali, Hanan Mohammed V University Morocco
Fetaji, Bekim South East European University Macedonia
Frejlichowski, Dariusz West Pomeranian University of Technology Poland
Giampapa, Joseph Carnegie Mellon University USA
Gravvanis, George A. Democritus University of Thrace Greece
Ho, Liangwei Collex Communication Corporation Taiwan
Hou, Chun-Ju Southern Taiwan University of Technology Taiwan
Huang, Yu-Cheng National Taiwan University Taiwan
Iovan, Stefan Informatica Feroviaria S.A. Romania
Ishimura, Naoyuki Hitotsubashi University Japan
Kalemis, Konstantinos National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Greece
Kanawati, Rushed University of Paris Nord France
Kastania, Anastasia Athens University of Economics and Business Greece
Kausch, Bernhard RWTH Aachen University Germany
Kimiaei, Sharok Infogosoft AB Sweden
Kroumov, Valeri Okayama University of Science Japan
Kurubacak, Gulsun Anadolu University Turkey
Law, Rob Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Lee, Jong Hyup Inje University South Korea
Macerata, Alberto University of Pisa Italy
Martins, Valeria Mackenzie Presbyterian University Brazil
Meyer, Heiko Gefasoft AG Germany
Objelean, Nicolae State University of Moldova Moldova, Republic of
Ophir, Dan University Center Ariel in Samaria Israel
Pisarchik, Alexander Center for Research in Optics Mexico
Poobrasert, Onintra National Electronics and Computer Technology Center Thailand
Rabaea, Adrian Technical University of Cluj-Napoca Romania
Rot, Artur Wroclaw University of Economics Poland
Sarukhanyan, Hakob National Academy of Science of Armenia Armenia
Sathyamoorthy, Dinesh Science and Technology Research Institute for Defense Malaysia
Simsek, Ali Anadolu University Turkey
Tee, Sim-Hui Multimedia University Malaysia
Vandeyar, Thiru University of Pretoria South Africa
Wilson, Hentie University of South Africa South Africa
Xin, Huolin Cornell University USA





























The 2nd International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Applications: ICTA 2012



Ahmed Soomro, Irshad University Technology Petronas Malaysia
Arko-Achemfuor, Akwasi University of South Africa South Africa
Arshad, Muhammad Ayaz Federal Urdu University of Arts Pakistan
Barchetti, Ugo University of Salento Italy
Bethke, Albert RTI International USA
Cafezeiro, Isabel Fluminense Federal University Brazil
Camargo, Esperanza Francisco Jose of Caldas District University Colombia
Camargo, Luz Helena Francisco Jose of Caldas District University Colombia
Chiba, Masaki Sapporo Gakuin Universtiy Japan
Corrêa, Lilian Cristina Mackenzie Presbyterian University Brazil
Dobson, Stephen Hedemark University College Norway
Flórez, Héctor University of the Andes Colombia
Garrido, Daniel University of Malaga Spain
Gibbs, Peter University of the West Indies Barbados
Grover, Vikas University of Portsmouth UK
Guido, Annalisa University of Salento Italy
Hunte, Carlos University of the West Indies Barbados
Iwayemi, Akin University of Ibadan Nigeria
Johnston-Wilder, Sue University of Warwick UK
Koon, Mahindrapersad University of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
Kotze, Eduan University of the Free State South Africa
Krilavicius, Tomas Baltic Institute of Advanced Technologies Lithuania
Kublanov, Vladimir Ural Federal University Russian Federation
Lehmann, Lucia Fluminense Federal University BIH
Llopis, Luis Manuel University of Malaga Spain
Mabuchi, Hiroshi Iwate Prefectural University Japan
Manrique, Bell University of Medellin Colombia
Marchetti, Nicola Alborg University Denmark
Martins, Valeria Mackenzie Presbyterian University Brazil
Medeiros, Donna Futures Group International USA
Mohar, Kathleen RTI International USA

ADDITIONAL REVIEWERS FOR THE
NON-BLIND REVIEWING
Mounir, Benaissa University of Sfax Tunisia
Oka, Ikuo Osaka City University Japan
Pandurino, Andrea University of Salento Italy
Petitet, André CATEL International Commission France
Reali, Gianluca University of Perugia Italy
Rivera Rovelo, Jorge Anahuac Mayab University Mexico
Salgues, Bruno Telecom France
Salles, M. University of Sao Paulo Brazil
Sanchez, German University of Magdalena Colombia
Sathyamoorthy, Dinesh STRIDE Malaysia
Shimoda, Yukio Tokyo Women's Medical University Japan
Silva, José Mackenzie Presbyterian University Brazil
Takahashi, Hideya Osaka City University Japan
Taylor, Estelle North-West University South Africa
Taylor, Tomaro University of South Florida Libraries USA
Tocaia, Luciano Mackenzie Presbyterian University Brazil
Trevisan, Ana Mackenzie Presbyterian University Brazil
Turkson, Anthony Joe Takoradi Polytechnic Ghana
Vignaroli, Luca Politechnic of Milano Italy
Weingart, Daniel ThyssenKrupp Uhde GmbH Germany
Yonaz, Jim James The Institute of Finance Management Tanzania
Ziviani, Cilio Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro Brazil





























The 2nd International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Applications: ICTA 2012


PROGRAM COMMITTEE CHAIRS
C. Dale Zinn
Hsing-Wei Chu

GENERAL CHAIR
Nagib Callaos

ORGANIZING COMMITTEE CHAIRS
Andrés Tremante
Belkis Sánchez

HARDCOPY PROCEEDINGS PRODUCTION CHAIR
María Sánchez

CD PROCEEDINGS PRODUCTION CHAIR
Juan Manuel Pineda

SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT, MAINTENANCE AND DEPLOYMENT
Dalia Sánchez
Keyla Guédez
Nidimar Díaz
Bebzabeth García

OPERATIONAL ASSISTANTS
Marcela Briceño
Cindi Padilla

HELP DESK
Louis Barnes
Sean Barnes
José Aponte

CONFERENCES PROGRAM MANAGER
María Sánchez

TECHNICAL CONSULTANT ON COMPUTING SYSTEMS
Juan Manuel Pineda

META-REVIEWERS SUPPORT
María Sánchez
Dalia Sánchez

PROCEEDINGS PRODUCTION SUPPORT
Dalia Sánchez
Keyla Guédez
Marcela Briceño

PROMOTIONAL SUPPORT
Keyla Guédez
Nidimar Díaz
Freddy Callaos








Number of Papers Included in these Proceedings per Country
(The country of the first author was the one taken into account for these statistics)


Country
# Papers
%
TOTAL 51 100.00
United States 15 29.41
Brazil 6 11.76
Colombia 4 7.84
China 3 5.88
Japan 3 5.88
Mexico 3 5.88
South Africa 3 5.88
Germany 2 3.92
Italy 2 3.92
Barbados 1 1.96
Canada 1 1.96
Ghana 1 1.96
Indonesia 1 1.96
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1 1.96
Malaysia 1
Poland 1 1.96
Russian Federation 1 1.96
Spain 1 1.96
Trinidad and Tobago 1 1.96







Foreword


Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are having an increasing impact in almost
every scientific discipline and are facilitating the creation of integrative systems and processes,
which are in turn supporting the creation of effective relationships among different academic
activities and potentiating effective collaboration in research, design, and education. On the other
hand, the conceptual infrastructures of Systemics, Informatics, and Cybernetics (Communication
and Control) are increasingly being related to each other and are providing an effective
intellectual platform for inter-disciplinary communication. Accordingly, the main purpose of the
organizing committees of the collocated events organized by the International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics (IIIS) on November 13
th
-16
th
, 2012, in Orlando, Florida, is to bring
together researchers, developers, practitioners, consultants and users of Information and
Communication Technologies, as well as a multi-disciplinary forum for intra- and inter-
disciplinary communication.

Consequently, three kinds of activities have been planned:

1. Regular traditional presentations in breakout sessions to support intra-disciplinary
communication,

2. Plenary sessions where Keynote Speakers will address the multi-disciplinary audience,
mostly with inter- or trans-disciplinary topics, and

3. Conversational sessions on inter- or trans-disciplinary topics in order to support inter-
disciplinary communications and to foster the analogical thinking that might emerge in a
multi-disciplinary forum based on trans-disciplinary concepts and/or multi-disciplinary
tools, technologies, and methodologies. Ideas generated by analogical thinking might be
a) applied to a diversity of areas and practical domains, and b) support a synergic
combination of analytical and synthetic thinking.

The disciplinary variety, required for inter-disciplinary communications, analogical learning, and
synergic analytical/synthetic thinking, is one of the motivations for organizing the following
related events:

• International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and
Applications: ICTA 2012
• Design and Modeling in Science, Education, and Technology: DeMset 2012
• International Conference on Education, Informatics, and Cybernetics: icEIC 2012
• Ibero-American Symposium on Information and Communication Technologies and
Applications (Simposio Ibero-Americano de Aplicaciones y Tecnologías de Información
y Comunicaciones: ATIC 2012)

The articles accepted for presentations that also have an author registered in the conference for
the respective presentation, have been grouped in two volumes: one for the presentations to be
made in English and another for those that will be made in Spanish/Portuguese.

Since different kinds of reviewing methodologies are applied in different disciplines, we
integrated the most used reviewing methods into a systemic reviewing methodology for the
reviewing process of the papers submitted to the collocated events.

This methodology is based on three-tier reviews: open (or non-blind), double-blind, and
participative reviews. Final acceptance depends on the three kinds of reviews. However, a paper
should be recommended by non-blind reviewers AND blind reviewers in order to be accepted for
presentation at any event and to be included in the respective proceedings. A recommendation to
accept made by non-blind reviewers is a necessary condition, but it is not a sufficient one. A
submission, to be accepted, should also have a majority of its double-blind reviewers
recommending its acceptance. This double necessary conditions generate a more reliable and
rigorous reviewing than those reviewing methods based on just one of the indicated methods, or
just on the traditional double-blind reviewing.

Double-blind reviewing has been done by a random selection of 3-5 reviewers from about
20,000 IIIS reviewers who classified their research or expertise field in the same theme, area, or
subarea where the author classified his/her submission. The random selection (made by a
computer program) has been conceived in order to avoid any conscious, or un-conscious, bias
that might be done by a human-being selection of the respective reviewers.

IIIS’ non-blind reviewing is based on the essence of what Kaplan (2005, "How to Fix Peer
Review", The Scientist, Volume 19, Issue 1, Page 10, Jun. 6) proposed in order to fix peer
reviewing problems. Kaplan affirms that “Peer review subsumes two functions. First, peer
reviewers attempt to improve manuscripts by offering constructive criticisms about concrete
elements … The second function of peer review is to render a decision about the …

significance
of the findings so that the manuscript can be prioritized for publication. I propose reforming peer
review so that the two functions are independent.” With regards to the first function of peer
reviewing, Kaplan proposes that “Review of a manuscript would be solicited from colleagues
by the authors. The first task of these reviewers would be to identify revisions that could be
made to improve the manuscript. Second, the reviewers would be responsible for writing an
evaluation of the revised work. This assessment would be mostly concerned with the significance
of the findings, and the reviewers would sign it” (emphasis added).

We tried to achieve the first function via Kaplan’s non-blind peer reviewing and the second
function by the traditional means of double-blind review. This is why acceptance of submissions
by the non-blind reviewers is a necessary condition but not a sufficient one. The submission
should also have favorable recommendations by the majority of the double-blind reviewers in
order to be accepted by IIIS for its presentation and inclusion in the respective conference
proceedings.

A third reviewing tier is the participative peer reviewing, which complements the two tiers
described above but it is not a necessary condition for accepting a submission. An article
submitted to a conference being organized by IIIS is immediately displayed for review to those
authors who submitted articles in the same theme, area, or sub-area. Accordingly, each
submitting author has access to all submissions sent to the same area where he/she submitted
his/her article and can comment and evaluate them. This is what we call at IIIS “Participative
Peer-to-Peer Reviewing” or PPPR. This kind of reviewing provides additional input to the
selection process and assists all participants in placing their presentations in context. It is not a
necessary condition but it has a complementary function, especially in those cases where the
non-blind reviewers have a strong disagreement or there is no majority of recommendations
accepting, or not accepting, the article.

On behalf of the Organizing Committees, I extend our heartfelt thanks to the members of the
four Program Committees (from 74 countries), and to the additional 692 reviewers, from 62
countries, each one of whom reviewed at least one of the submitted articles. 177 reviewers, from
36 countries, were suggested by the respective authors for the non-blind peer reviews. Each
registered author could get information about: 1) the average of the reviewers’ evaluations
according to 8 criteria, and the average of a global evaluation of his/her submission; and 2) the
comments and constructive feedback made by the reviewers, who recommended the acceptance
of his/her submission, so the author would be able to improve the final version of the paper.

A total of 1302 reviews were made to the 196 submissions that were received, which means that
an average of 6.64 reviews were made to each received submission, and an average of 1.88
reviews were made by each reviewer. The 90 papers included in both volumes of the
proceedings, from 21 countries, are 45.92% of the 196 submissions that were initially received.
Details are summarized in the following table.


Conference
# of
submissions
received
# of
reviewers
that made at
least one
review
# of reviews
made
Average of
reviews per
reviewer
Average of
reviews per
submission
# of papers
included in
the
proceedings
% of
submissions
included in
the
proceedings
icEIC 2012 37 131 223 1.70 6.03 17 45.95%
ICTA 2012 59 224 460 2.05 7.80 26 44.07%
DeMSET 2012 34 107 184 1.72 5.41 8 23.53%
ATIC 2012
66 230 435 1.89 6.59 39 59.09%
TOTAL 196 692 1302 1.88 6.64 90 45.92%


We are also grateful to the co-editors of these proceedings for the hard work, energy, and
eagerness they displayed in preparing them. We express our intense gratitude to Professor
William Lesso for his wise and opportune tutoring, for his eternal energy, integrity, and
continuous support and advice as Honorary President of IIIS’ conferences, as well as for being a
very caring old friend and intellectual father to many of us. We also extend our gratitude to
Professor Belkis Sánchez who brilliantly managed the organizing process. Special thanks to
Doctors C. Dale Zinn, Jeremy Horne, Hsing-Wei Chu, Friedrich Welsch, Michael Savoie,
Andrés Tremante, Jorge Baralt, Mohammad Siddique, and José Ferrer for chairing, or co-
chairing, the respective program committees. We are grateful, as well, to Doctors Leonardo
Contreras, Alexandre Guimarães, Valéria Martins, and Orlando Aguillón, for organizing invited
sessions.




We also extend our gratitude to Doctors Robert Baker, Jeremy Horne, T. Grandon Gill, Suzanne
Lunsford, Ronald A. Styron, Jr., Joanne R. Reid, Phyllis R. Anderson, Ewa Donesch-Jezo, and
Mohammad Alhassan, for accepting to address the audience of the Plenary Sessions with
keynote addresses.

We also wish to thank all the authors for the quality of their papers.

We extend our gratitude as well to Juan Manuel Pineda, María Sánchez, Leonisol Callaos, Dalia
Sánchez, Keyla Guedez, Nidimar Díaz, Marcela Briceño, Cindi Padilla, Louis Barnes, Sean
Barnes, José Aponte, and Freddy Callaos for their knowledgeable effort in supporting the
organizational process producing the hard copy and CD versions of the proceedings, developing
and maintaining the software supporting the interactions of the authors with the reviewing
process and the Organizing Committee, as well as for their support in the help desk and in the
promotional process.


Professor Nagib C. Callaos,
General Chair


i

The 2
nd
International Conference on

Design and Modeling in Science, Education, and Technology: DeMset 2012
The 2
nd
International Conference on Education, Informatics, and Cybernetics: icEIC 2012
The 2
nd
International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Applications: ICTA 2012


CONTENTS

Contents

i
Design and Modeling in Science, Education, and Technology



Abu-Ayyad, Ma’moun A. (USA): ''3D-Surface-Model for Injection Speed Process''
1
Ajigini, Olusegun A.; Van Der Poll, Joh
n A.; Kroeze, Jan H. (South Africa): ''Towards a
Management Framework to Protect Sensitive Information during Migrations''
6
Carvalho Oliveira de Almeida, Emanuele; de Mesquita, Victor Felix; Araújo Dantas de
Almeida, Ellana Cassia; Russo Fabris, Stephani
e; Russo, Suzana Leitão (Brazil): ''Study
Takeoffs and Landings at Airport in Santa Maria Aracaju (Brazil)''
14
Kolajo, Ebenezer F. (USA): ''A Logistic Regression Analysis of Retention, Progression, and
Graduation''
17
Lauck, Sebastian; Laroque, Christoph; Hartmann, Philip (Germany): ''Multi-
Layer Architecture
for Transition of Business-Models to common Software-Tools and Optimization of the Model-
Structure Exemplified with Microsoft SharePoint 2010''
20
Li, Guangbu; Shi, Fengying (China): ''Dynamic Perf
ormance Simulation and Test of a
Conveyor''
26
Maiocchi, Marco; Pillan, Margherita (Italy): ''Investigating and Modelling the Tangles of
Design and Communication''
30
Academic Informing Science and Engineering

Cui, Jun; Wang, Feng; Peng, Fengqin; L
in, Haiyin (China): ''Cooperative Education Model for
Biomedical Engineering Program: A Case Study in Southeast University and Beijing Genomics
Institute''
35
Inagaki, Katsuhiko; Azlizan, Nurul Izzati Binti
(Japan): ''DC Servomotor Module for Robotic
and Mechatronics Education''
41
McWilliam, Carol; Stewart, Moira; Vingilis, Evelyn; Ward-
Griffin, Catherine; Coleman,
Sandra; Ladouceur, Donna; Cole, Anita (Canada):
''A Systemic Cybernetic Model of
Programmatic “Action-Research”: Lessons from Case Observatio
ns of the Integrated
Generation, Communication & Management of Health Care Knowledge''
45
Robinson, Sarah Anne (USA): ''The Concept of Structure: A Useful Tool in Action
Anthropology''

51
ii
Applications of Information and Communication Technologies in Ed
ucation and
Training: E-learning

Donesch-Jezo, Ewa (Poland): ''An A-Z of How an e-Learning Course was Created''
55
Education in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)

Dotto Stump, Sandra Maria; Cymrot, Raquel; Botti Mendes d
e Oliveira, Yara Maria; Matile,
Ivanilda (Brazil): ''Learning Objects for the Teaching on Electric Circuits Using the Theory of
the Registration of the Semiotic Representation by Raymond Duval''
60
Korzhova, Valentina N.; Ivanov, Viktor V. (USA): ''Modeli
ng Education and Science as
Evolutionary Systems''
64
Lunsford, Suzanne (USA): ''Electrochemistry Experiments to Develop Novel Sensors for Real-
World Applications''
69
Education/Training Systems, Methodologies and Technologies

Alhassan, Mohammad;
Ashur, Suleiman (USA): ''Developing Course Assessment Tool to
Measure the Degree of Achieving Course Learning Outcomes''
70
Cruz-Pérez, Misael N.; Martínez-Gil, Carmen C.; Vicente-Pinacho, Aurea J.; Hernández-
Paxtián, Zulma J. (Mexico): ''ESRI: Proposal o
f a Methodology Development of Educational
Software Rich in Interaction''
74
Styron Jr., Ronald A.; Styron, Jennifer L. (USA): ''Is the Use of Technology One of the Critical
Issues Facing K-12 School Superintendents?''
80
Educational Research, Theories, Practice and Methodologies

Kent, Andrea M. (USA): ''Developing Literacy Leaders: The Role of Technology in Teaching
and Learning''
86
Reid, Joanne R.; Anderson, Phyllis R. (USA): ''Critical Thinking, Transfer, and Student
Satisfaction''
92
Reid, J
oanne R.; Anderson, Phyllis R. (USA): ''The Development, Implementation, and
Effectiveness of a Pedagogical Treatment for the Teaching and Learning of Critical Thinking
(Invited Paper)''
98
Styron Jr., Ronald A. (USA): ''Critical Thinking and Collaboratio
n: A Strategy to Enhance
Student Learning (Invited Paper)''
110
Computer Science and Engineering

Koike, Hidekatsu; Akama, Kiyoshi; Miura, Katsunori (Japan): ''Generation Method for Correct
Parallel Programs Based on Equivalent Transformation''
116

iii
Concepts, Principles, Methodologies and Applications of Systemics and
Cybernetics

Goede, Roelien (South Africa): ''The Use of Soft Systems Methodology for the Development of
Data Warehouses''
122
Goede, Roelien (South Africa): ''A Critical Syste
ms Thinking Perspective on Data Warehouse
Stakeholders''
128
Horne, Jeremy; Baker, Jr., Robert M. L. (USA): ''Our Mind Looks at Us (Invited Paper)''
134
Control Systems, Communication and Network Systems, and Technologies

Rambally, Rodney; Wu, Yufei (Trinidad, Tobago): ''Mobile Network Planning Issues''
141
Sugiyama, Hisayoshi (Japan): ''Packet Switched Power Network with Decentralized Control
Based on Synchronized QoS Routing''
147
ICT Applications in Collaboration and Knowledge Generation and Management

Cantor, Susanna *; Savage, William *; Franceschini, Gary ** (* USA, ** Australia): ''Practical
Lessons for Applying Technology to Knowledge Dissemination''
153
Gómez-Álvarez, María C; Gasca-Hurtado, Gloria P.; González-Calderón, Guillermo
(Colombia): ''Generation and Reverse Knowledge Transfer in Multinational Companies''
158
ICT applications in Education and Training

Capodieci, Antonio; Martella, Angelo; Paiano, Roberto (Italy): ''Unisalento Facebook App: A
Window on the University Services from Facebook''
162
Dold, Claudia J. (USA): ''The Role of Librarians in Academic Success''
170
Guimarães, Alexandre; Corrêa, Lilian; Martins, Valéria (Brazil): ''The Usage of Information and
Communication Technlogies in Teachers' Formation Courses''
175
Guimarães, Alexandre; Corrêa, Lilian; Martins, Valéria (Brazil): ''ICTs as a Methodological
Resource in Works on Critical Regionalism''
180
Souza Marques, Heron; Lopes Lima, Rosangela (Brazil): ''VLE and Conceptual Maps on
Information System Face-to-Face Teaching''
184
ICT Applications in Social and Political Systems

Eldresi, Fatma Younis *; Sweisi, Nassrdeen Amer *; Adam, Carl ** (* Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,
** UK): ''Libya before & after the Arab Spring to Articulate Infrastructure Chal
lenges with
Recommendations of Enhancing the e-Government Project''
188
Jordan, Desirée; Als, Adrian; Walcott, Paul; Sargeant, Ramon (Barbados): ''Helping to Integrate
the Visually Challenged into Mainstream Society through a Low-Cost Braille Device''
195
iv

ICT Applications of in Health Care and Bio-Medical ICT

Hutapea, Albert M. *; Yazawa, Toru ** (* Indonesia, ** Japan): ''Cardiac Rhythm Reflects
Mental Condition as Confirmed by Detrended Fluctuation Analysis and Subjective Assesment
Method''
201
Schuermann, Volker; Weidauer, Christian (Germany): ''Usage of Building Automation
Infrastructure for Health-Care and Ambient Assisted Living Applications''
207
Image, Acoustic, Speech and Signal Processing

Bobkova, Anastasia; Porshnev, Sergey; Zuzi
n, Vasiliy (Russian Federation): ''Contouring Left
Ventricle from Echocardiographic Image Sequence in Long-Axis View''
213
Duarte Coello, Roberto de Jesús; Solís Lugo, Felipe de Jesús; Castillo Atoche, Alejandro;
Ortegon Aguilar, Jaime (Mexico): ''GPU Implementation of Fuzzy Anisotropic Diffusion''
217
Information Systems and Technologies

Gyan, Matthew Kweku; Eshun, John Frank (Ghana): ''The Effect of Competency Based
Training on Innovation and Entrepreneurship Skills in Ghana: A Case Study on Tako
radi
Polytechnic Engineering Students''
223
Mason, Katherine; Sikes, Nathan; Place, Carol (USA): ''Developing Survey Systems in a
Restricted Security Environment''
229
Pastrana, J. L. *; Pimentel, E. *; Katrib, M. ** (* Spain, ** Cuba): ''Available and R
eliable
Services''
233
Communication and Network Systems and Technologies

Ali, Tariq; Tang Jung, Low; Faye, Ibrahima (Malaysia): ''Delay Efficient Layer by Layer Angle
Based Flooding Protocol (L2-ABF) for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks''
239
Botia, Diego J. *; Botia, Javier F. *; Gaviria G., Natalia *; Menéndez, José M. **; Jiménez,
David ** (* Colombia, ** Spain): ''Improved the Quality of Experience Assessment with
Quality Index Based Frames over IPTV Network''
245
ICT applications in Education and Training

Torres-Montealbán, Jonas (Mexico): ''A Comparative Study between Two Student Groups of
Physics in the Pre-College Educational System''
251
ICT applications in Science and Engineering

Garzón González, Enrique Yamid; Huertas Martínez, Sergio; Moscoso Gámez, Alejandra
(Colombia): ''Measuring System for Pelton Turbine''
255

v


Action Research and Action Learning
Cury, Lucilene; Tibiriçá, Cleonildi (Brazil): ''The Democratic Potentiality of Technologies''
260

Applications of Information and Communication Technologies in Education and
Training: E-learning

Camargo, Esperanza; Luengas, Lely; Garzón, Yamid (Colombia): ''Joint Representation of
Human Walking through the Direct Kinematics''
265
Educational Research, Theories, Practice and Methodologies

Yu, Hua *; Zhu, Shande ** (* China, ** United States): ''"Graphic-Word" Notes Strategy
Research in Effective Teaching''
267
Authors Index 27
3



3D-Surface-Model for Injection Speed Process

Ma’moun A. Abu-Ayyad
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Penn State Harrisburg
Middletown, PA 17057, United States


ABSTRACT

Injection velocity control in plastic injection
molding is challenging as this process is inherently
nonlinear, requiring an adaptive control strategy for
good tracking of complex velocity trajectories. In
this paper, a surface based model approach is
developed tracking complex trajectories of injection
velocity. This technique employs a 3-dimensional
(3D) nonlinear surface model of the controlled
variable (injection velocity) in the overall control
architecture to calculate the manipulated variable or
control action to a hydraulic servovalve. The
strategy uses the controlled and manipulated
variables as inputs to the 3D surface to update the
nonlinear plant and controller parameters while the
closed-loop control is executed, thereby handling
the nonlinear characteristics of the plant being
controlled.

Keywords: Predictive Control, Modeling,
Nonlinear Systems, Injection Molding Machine.


1. INTRODUCTION

The application of injection molding for plastic
part manufacturing is best suited for producing high
quality plastic components associated with
electronic devices, household tools, automobiles
aerospace applications and others [
1
,
2
]. The molten
polymer is injected into a mold, cooled and
solidified, taking the shape of the mold cavity [
3
].
The injection mold filling process starts with the
axial movement of an injection screw at a
predetermined velocity. This process or system
contains a hydraulic servovalve that receives an
analog control signal which is evaluated by a
control algorithm [
4
].

It is well known that to obtain tight performance
when controlling a process, good knowledge of that
process is necessary. Several models for the
injection velocity process have been developed
[
5
,
6
,
7
]. Paul et al. [
6
] developed a dynamic model
for the filling phase by solving the continuity and
momentum equations of the hydraulic unit and the
continuity and energy equations of the polymer
inside the barrel and the mold cavity.
While these
models are reasonable accurate,
t
he
main
drawback
of th
e
s
e

approach
es

is that the cavity pressure was
assumed to be zero and the melted plastic flow rate
was assumed to be
at a
steady state [
8
].
Furthermore, these models are generally for a
specific polymer, which are not readily solved and
not suitable for integration in real time process
control [
8
].

A predictive based controller for the screw
velocity in injection molding was developed by
Huang, et al. [
9
] by selecting a state model and
considering the process disturbances to design the
predictive controller. Also, this controller used a
steady state Kalman filter to predict the future state
of the screw velocity in an injection molding
machine. An adaptive predictive control scheme
was developed in injection molding by Hernandez
et al. [
10
] for controlling the part average surface
temperature within the mold cavity. In this
approach, the controller and plant parameters were
updated every control timestep.

Dubay et al. [
11
] used a multi-model approach
Model Predictive Control (MPC) [
12
] to overcome
the nonlinearity effects of screw injection velocity
with improved results in comparison to the original
1
Proceedings of icEIC - DeMset - ICTA 2012
controller form. The drawback on the multi-model