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Nov 17, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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1

Using Mobile Learning to

Teach Reading


Dr. Lucianne Brown


February 10, 2010


2

Presentation Organization


Rationale


Background


Focus


Methodology


Research Questions Answered
-

Results


Recommendations


3

Rationale


Digital students have new learning environments.


E
-
learning births
mLearning


Learning does not have to remain in the classroom,
but can continue online in the hands of the learners.


The mobile phone offers benefits for learners of all
ages as a computer learning device and supports
different learning styles (Attewell, 2005.)


4

Background


mLearning

is still exploratory


Learning with technology encourages
active learning and problem solving


Reading assistance is needed for ninth
grade students (
Guensburg
, 2006)


mLearning programs designed to teach
reading skills

Typical Mobile Phone
Statement






Technology
Savvy



Cool with Chaos



Mobile




(
Prensky
, 2005;Tapscott, 1998)


7


Demand immediacy, voice
opinions, utilize informal learning
and possess hypertext minds.






(
Brown, 2006)

Today’s Learners

8

Focus


Determined whether using
mobile phones as the medium
for student learning with
appropriately designed
materials could increase
educational achievement and
motivation for these learners.





This
study uses mixed methodology
with
design
to determine if
the use of vocabulary
frontloading, auditory reading passages, and
self
-
assessment tests designed according to
approved ID for mobile phone screens will
improve reading scores for the test group,
and exploratory qualitative to determine if
the use of the mobile phone creates a
motivational interest to read.

Research Design

10

Research Methodology


Mixed methodology with experimental
design using quantitative data collection


Exploratory qualitative to determine if
the use of the mobile phone creates a
motivational interest to learn with this
tool


Pre
-

and post survey of treatment group


Interviews of treatment group

mLearning companies in study

Positivemotion.com

Angel.com

Mobile Prep

Angel.com


Interactive Voice Response (IVR)


With Angel.com’s Site Builder, the
first and only point
-
and
-
click voice
application creation tool, users can
build, deploy and manage voice
applications in a matter of days not
weeks, without Voice XML coding
expertise.


How does this work with reading?

15

Example of Vocabulary Frontloading on Mobile



A.






B. Internet Voice Recognition System

Auditory

16

Research Questions Answered


1.
Will appropriately designed
vocabulary frontloading techniques
delivered via mobile phones improve
comprehension for ninth
-
grade average
reading students?



17

Research Questions Answered

2. Will there be a significant difference in
comprehension for ninth
-
grade average
reading students when mobile phones
serve as the tool for delivery versus
traditional non
-
digitized delivery?


18

Research Question Two
-

Results

2
. Will there be a significant difference in comprehension for
ninth
-
grade average reading students when mobile phones
serve as the tool for delivery versus traditional non
-
digitized
delivery?


19

Research Questions Three
-
Results

3. Will there be an increase in motivation by students to
study vocabulary words when mobile phones are used?


Quantitative Post Survey


Qualitative Interview Questions

20

Research Questions Three
-
Results


Will there be an increase in motivation by students to
study vocabulary words when mobile phones are used?


Quantitative Post Survey
-
Example


21

Research Questions Three
-
Results


Will there be an increase in motivation by students to
study vocabulary words when mobile phones are used?


Quantitative Post Survey
-
Example


22

Research Questions Three
-
Results


Will there be an increase in motivation by students to
study vocabulary words when mobile phones are used?


Quantitative Post Survey
-
Example


23

Research Questions Three
-
Results


Will there be an increase in motivation by students to
study vocabulary words when mobile phones are used?


First Interview Question:


1.
Time
-
lack of
time


2. Learning was
fun
-


3. Did not help
-
use on cell
phones
appeared more
difficult to
learn

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Research Questions Three
-
Results


Will there be an increase in motivation by
students to study vocabulary words when mobile
phones are used?


The second interview Question: What
suggestions would you make to improve the
use of cell phone for learning in school.


Time


Content and Process Improvement


Class rules reinforced


25

Research Questions Three
-
Results


Will there be an increase in motivation by students to
study vocabulary words when mobile phones are used?


The third interview question:



1.
Ease and
comfort of
using own
phone


2.
Ubiquitous
desire to use
the phone at
home or other
places


3.
Responsibility


4.
Daring


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Recommendations

1. Use
mobile phone learning
designed programs in other subject
areas and again in reading

2. Learning Style Pre
-
assessment

3. Develop mobile learning designed
programs for below average
students

4.


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Recommendations

4. Use a larger sample and for a
longer period of time

5. Pursue grant opportunities and
maybe use own phones

6. Use other mobile programs to
create visuals and multimedia
opportunities

4.



28

Presentation Organization


Rationale


Background


Focus


Methodology


Research Questions Answered
-

Results


Recommendations





Mobile Learning


References

Attewell, J. (2005).
From research and development to mobile learning: Tools for

education and
training providers and their learners.

Retrieved August 1, 2006, from

http://www.mlearn.org.za/CD/papers/

Brown, T. (2006 October).
mLearning across generations: Are we ready for the challenge?

Paper presented at the mLearn: Across generations and cultures: 5th World
Conference on Mobile Learning, Bannf, Alberta, Canada.

Dede, C., Korte, S., Nelson, R., Valdez, G., & Ward, D. (2005).
Transforming learning in the 21st
Century
. Naperville, IL: Learning Point Associates.

Dodge, B. (1998).
Schools, skills, and scaffolding on the Web.
Retrieved February 21, 2006,
from
http://edWeb.sdsu.edu/people/bdodge/scaffolding.htm

From E
-
leaning to M
-
learning.

(2001) Retrieved April 10, 2006, from
http://learning.ericsson.net/mlearning2/project_one/thebook/chapter4.html

Gardner, H. (2004).
Critical thinking conference
. Retrieved July 30, 2005, from
http://sta.uwi.edu/cms/index.php?option=content&task=view&id=54&Itemid=73

Kirkpatrick, D. (2006). Life in a connected world.
Fortune.

Retrieved February 5, 2007 from
http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2006/07/10/8380862/index.ht
m



l




rences

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References

Negroponte, N. (2006 June).
One laptop per child.

Keynote address at National Educational
Computing Conference in San Diego, CA. Retrieved April 5, 2007 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNx0qcjXJTU

Papert
, S. (2004 May).
The slow revolution.

Keynote Address at 1:1 Computing Conference.
Sydney, Australia: Apple. Retrieved March 4, 2008, from
http://homepage.mac.com/stager/iMovieTheater23.html

Partnership for 21
st

century skills.

(2004). Retrieved July 15, 2004, from
http://www.21stcenturyskills.org/downloads/P21_Report.pdf

Positive Motion.

(2007). Retrieved May 1, 2007 from
http://mobileprep.positivemotion.com/home/

Prensky
, M. (2005). What can you learn from a cell phone? Almost anything!.
Innovate.

Retrieved February 15, 2006, from
http://www.innovateonline.info/index.php?view=article&id=83

Shih, Y., & Mills, D. (2007). Setting the new standard with mobile computing in online
learning.
The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 8
(2). 1
-
16.

Tapscott
, D. (1998).
Growing up digital: The rise of the net generation
. New York: McGraw
-
Hill.






l




renc

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