Integrated VLSI Systems

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Nov 26, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Integrated VLSI Systems

Introduction
Introduction




Provided by : Dr
. Rozita
Teymourzadeh,CEng
.

Integrated VLSI Systems

2

Outline





Why VLSI?
Why VLSI?






Invention of transistor
Invention of transistor






Moore’s Law
Moore’s Law






MOS family
MOS family






Intel Processor
Intel Processor






IC Design
IC Design






Reference
Reference


Integrated VLSI Systems

3

Objective



Overview of VLSI
Overview of VLSI




The Purpose of using VLSI
The Purpose of using VLSI






History of VLSI
History of VLSI






Brief of Chip Fabrication
Brief of Chip Fabrication



Integrated VLSI Systems

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Why VLSI ?

VLSI: Very Large Scale Integration
VLSI: Very Large Scale Integration


Low

Cost

VLSI is an implementation technology for electronic circuitry

Lower

Parasitic

High

Speed

Low

Power

Low

Area

Integrated VLSI Systems

5

1961
128
M
16
M
2
M
256
K
32
K
4
K
512
64
8
1
1964
1967
1970
1973
1976
1979
1982
1985
1988
Number of Transistor in a chip
1991
Year
Prediction
First Moore Rule
Real chart
Invention

of Transistor

William B. Shockley
William B. Shockley


Bell Lab
Bell Lab


1945
1945


Integrated VLSI Systems

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Moore’s Law





In 1965, Gordon Moore noted that the
In 1965, Gordon Moore noted that the
number of transistors on a chip doubled
number of transistors on a chip doubled
every 18 to 24 months.
every 18 to 24 months.








He made a prediction that semiconductor
He made a prediction that semiconductor
technology will double its effectiveness every
technology will double its effectiveness every
18 months
18 months


Integrated VLSI Systems

7

Moore’s law in Frequency

Lead Microprocessors frequency doubles every 2 years

P6

Pentium ® proc

486

386

286

8086

8085

8080

8008

4004

0.1

1

10

100

1000

10000

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

Year

Frequency (Mhz)

Doubles every

2 years

Courtesy, Intel

Integrated VLSI Systems

8

Moore’s law in Power Dissipation

P6

Pentium ® proc

486

386

286

8086

8085

8080

8008

4004

0.1

1

10

100

1971

1974

1978

1985

1992

2000

Year

Power (Watts)

Lead Microprocessors power continues to increase

Courtesy, Intel

Integrated VLSI Systems

9

Metal
-
oxide
-
semiconductor (MOS) and

related VLSI technology


ECL


pMOS


nMOS


CMOS


BiCMOS


GaAs

10
uW
100
uW
10
mW
1
mW
100
mW
10
ps
100
ps
1
ns
10
ns
GaAs
BiCMOS
ECL
nMOS
CMOS
Power
Delay
Integrated VLSI Systems

10

Intel 4004 microprocessor

1971


1000 transistors


1 MHz operation

Integrated VLSI Systems

11

Intel Pentium (IV) microprocessor

2002


35 Million transistors


1 GHz operation


0.18μm technology

Integrated VLSI Systems

12

Intel Core™2 Duo Processor

2006

>100 Million transistors

2 GHz operation

65nm technology

Integrated VLSI Systems

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IC Design

Analog
Analog


Digital
Digital


Integrated VLSI Systems

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Digital Design Flow

RTL Behavioral
Description
RTL Synthesis
Gate Level Netlist
Standard
Cell
Library
Gate
-
level Simulation
RTL Functional
Verification
OK
Timing Analysis
OK
OK
To Back End
Constraint
Testbench
y
n
n
y
y
n
SDF
SDC
Design Spec
.
Integrated VLSI Systems

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RTL

System design

module
mux( s,d0,
d1,y);


assign y = s ?
d1 : d0;

endmodule


Function

Verification


Verilog

VHDL

Modelsim

Digital Design Flow

Integrated VLSI Systems

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Digital / Analog Design Flow

D0
S
D1
S
Y
Post

Synthesize

RTL

Synthesize

Circuit Design

Cad Tools

CMOS

Design

Integrated VLSI Systems

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Digital / Analog Design Flow

Floor planning

PNR

0
.
308
mm
0
.
308
mm
Fabrication


Packing


Nano
-
Encounter

Virtuoso

Wafers

I/O pad

Integrated VLSI Systems

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Reference Textbooks

Kamran Eshraghian,
Basic VLSI Design
Basic VLSI Design
, 3 rd Edition, 1994.


Wayne Wolf,
Modern VLSI Design
Modern VLSI Design
, 3 rd Edition. Prentice Hall,
2002.


Neil H.E. Weste, Kamran Eshraghian,
Principle of CMOS and
Principle of CMOS and
VLSI Design A Systems Perspective
VLSI Design A Systems Perspective
3rd Edition
, Addison
Wesley 2005


Neil H.E. Weste, David Harris,
CMOS VLSI Design
CMOS VLSI Design
, Addison
Wesley 2005