PXI Test Solutions- Capabilities and Applications

mewlingfawnSemiconductor

Nov 2, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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A tradition of excellence

May
2012

PXI Test Solutions
-

Capabilities and Applications

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PXI for semiconductor test applications



PXI for board and system level test applications



Discussion / demo

Agenda

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OEMs
, packaging / test vendors & fabless semiconductor vendors
need to their lower
test costs


Test share of IC cost continues to decline


PXI
capabilities: Flexible
and cost effective solutions for digital , mixed
-
signal, and RF test

Semiconductor Market & Trends

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Tests Requirements

Prototype,
Pilot Phase
:, Design
Verification
Tests, Failure Analysis

Test throughput


DC parametric


Functional

Devices tested / characterized

Test system & cost


Production Test:

Test for process induced faults

Extensive, multiple files / vectors

Limited or complete test,
depending on customer /
application

Minutes to hours, single device
testing

10
’s to
1000
’s

In
-
house or PXI
-
based


$
50
K
-

$
100
K typical

Limited, test time constrained

All pins checked for DC parameters

Seconds, may require multi
-
site testing

1000
’s to millions

Production IC Test System

$
500
K and up

Semiconductor Test Requirements

PXI Components


& Systems

“Big Iron” ATE

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Cost effective


Product capabilities: high performance
instrumentation and bus bandwidth


Flexible & robust open architecture


Wide market adoption


drives product development
and pricing

Why PXI for Semiconductor ATE?

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Timing / Synchronization


Triggering and clocking resources for coherent mixed signal testing


Bus bandwidth


2
GB/s data rate per slot


Peer to peer communication for high speed data processing


Software


Flexibility & Open Architecture


Windows based environment supports many APIs
-
COM
, VB,
LabVIEW
,
.Net
, C, etc.


Users can select from off the shelf test executives or create their own


Third party and OEM software tools for importing and converting
digital test vectors


i.e. STIL, WGL, VCD

PXI Architecture


A Robust Standard for ATE

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Multiple vendors offering performance digital
instrumentation



200
MHz vector rate with PMU per pin and per pin
programmability


High channel density:
32
channels per card,
512
channels in a
single
3
U PXI chassis


Cost effective: $
250
/ channel


User FPGA cards for custom interfaces

PXI Products for Semiconductor ATE
-

Digital Test

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PXI Digital Instrumentation

for Parametric and Functional Test

PMU or SMU

(Source / Measure Unit)

Multiplexer

/

Switch


Digital

Instrument



100
MHz


Power

Supply



Combining the digital and PMU :



Faster test time



Lower
cost


Eliminates switching

GX
5295



-
2
to +
7
Drive / Sense



Terminations: PU / PD



3
state drive



Real time compare

DUT

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Verify functionality


Generate or import test vectors


Test vectors can be large (megabytes)
-

requires deep memory



Verify DC parameters


Opens / shorts test


verifies fixture
/ UUT connection


Input and output characteristics


Sink / source currents and voltages
for all signal pins



Maximize test throughput


Real
-
time compare for digital test


“Per
-
pin” DC measurement
(parametric measurement unit or
PMU)

Semiconductor Test


Using PXI Instrumentation

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Applications


Device Characterization

V
-
I Curve Characterization &
Output Loading Tests


Parallel measurement


Fast with PMU per pin

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Test all pins on
the device


Verifies shorts /
opens for the
fixture and DUT


Checks
protection
diodes


Lengthy process
if testing one
pin at a time

Basic Opens / Shorts / Contact Test

* Excerpt from “The Fundamentals of Digital Semiconductor Testing”, Guy Perry

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Output voltage test


VOH, IOH


Set DUT VDD to min


Set DUT output to a “
1
” state


Set PMU IOH to specified load current


Measure output voltage level (compare against DUT’s specification)


PMU for measuring input currents and voltages

DC Parametric Testing for a Device

* Excerpt from “The Fundamentals of Digital Semiconductor Testing”, Guy Perry

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Vector generation is typically created by designers and then
imported to the digital test instrumentation


Test vector formats:


ASCII


WGL, STIL, VCD/
eVCD


Proprietary ATE tester formats, (Teradyne J
750
,
Verigy
, etc.)


Tests can require millions of vectors.


Real
-
time compare allows you to test each response in real time or
“don’t care” each vector


very fast test process.


At the end of test simply check the “pass / fail” result


Additional small error memory available for logging errors

Functional Testing (Digital Tests)

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Instrumentation & Systems:


Static, dynamic & FPGA digital
instrumentation


SMU or PMU (parametric
measurement unit)


Preconfigured PXI systems for
digital and mixed signal test


Software


Vector conversion tools


Digital waveform display / edit


Test executive

PXI Instrumentation & Systems for
Semiconductor Test

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Advanced
Semiconductor Test Tools


Device Pin and Pin group mapping
capability


simplifies test program
development and reuse


Pre
-
defined DC Parametric tests:


Open and Shorts


Input Leakage (IIL, IIH)


Input Voltage Threshold (VIH, VIL)


Output Short Circuit (IOSH, IOSL)


Output Voltage Threshold (VOH, VOL)


Power Consumption (IDD, IDDQ)


I
-
V Curve test capability
-

Automated
and interactive Tool

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Semiconductor Test Tools

(cont’d)


Shmoo

plot tool


Automated and interactive


Automated characterization of devices over a range of operating
conditions


Standard feature for “big iron” ATE platforms


Simplifies design verification effort

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Example: PXI System for Semiconductor Test

512
digital channels

100
MHz, DIO Cards
with PMU per pin

User power


Static DIO Card

Core
2
Duo Controller

High
Performance,
Modular
Integrated
Receiver

Extra slots for

Analog / mixed
-
signal test

applications

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Multiple vendors producing high
performance digitizers and waveform
generators


Time interval analyzer for jitter and fast
frequency measurement


SMUs & power supplies for DPS applications


RF instrumentation

Additional PXI Products for Semiconductor Test

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Test a serial communication controller with high voltage isolation
(
2500
V) , used for smart grid applications


Requirement: Lower cost, smaller footprint solution needed


Test requirements:


Support
16
digital channels with PMU capability with vector rates of >
20
MHz


Tools to import and convert WGL vector files


Analog instrumentation



Characterization and production test

Application Example

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Detailed Requirements / Solution

Customer Requirement

/ Specification

PXI

Based Solution

1.

560V
-

2500V DC signal preferably without any
external power supplies for transformer isolation and
functional testing


12 bit PXI based ADC board and DAC board interfaced with
custom bus based proprietary intelligent signal conditioning
high voltage VI board

2

Multiple power supplies up to 5V, 5A

12 bit PXI based ADC board plus DAC board interfaced with
custom bus based proprietary intelligent signal conditioning
VI board

3

16 Digital channels with vectors pattern drive and
strobe capability with data rate more than 20MHZ
and with deep memory for Functional testing.

Geotest GX5295, 32 DIO & PMU card with 256MB of on
board vector memory.

4

12 bit or better PMU for DC and parametric testing

5

Very low leakage current measurement in ‘pico
Amps’.

PXI based 6.5 DMM with signal amplifier board.

6

8 bit or better high speed digitizing capability with
deep on board memory for skew and switching
characteristics testing

PXI based 100MHZ, 100MS/s high speed
digitizer

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Test application required multiple digital channels
with PMU


GX
5295
is a cost
-
effective solution for this requirement with
per pin PMU


Customer was looking to reduce size, power and
cost of system


PXI platform helped achieve these goals


3
:
1
size reduction,
3
:
1
power reduction,
3
:
1
cost reduction


Customer was looking for a high throughput solution


The driver and PMU performance have been optimized to
meet the customer’s requirements

Key Success Factors

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Overview of the GBATS PXI platform



Addressing test applications with preconfigured PXI system
solutions

Board and System Level Applications

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GBATS: Geotest Basic Automated Test System


Preconfigured system for board and
system level test


PXI based, accepts
6
U and
3
U modules


19
inch rack mountable,
6
U high


Compact footprint


Faster test development and deployment



Outstanding “functional density”


6
U and
3
U modules offer a variety of functions and
features



Includes an engineered mass
termination cable interface, based on
the Virginia Panel
iCON

interface

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An engineered platform with common
infrastructure for all configurations



Chassis


UUT interface


Self
-
test software / hardware


User power supply


Boundary
-
Scan


Avionics interfaces


Static or Dynamic Digital I/O


General purpose analog measurements

Over
20
different standard instrument options for
customizing the system without the custom costs

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System Interface: Virginia Panel
iCON

960


960
pin interface


Zero insertion force, rugged interface for
cable interfacing


System PCB assembly interfaces
iCON

to all
system resources using COTS cables


Option to add additional power / coax
interface via additional connector

One Common Interface for ALL configurations

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System PCB
assembly interfaces
iCON to all system
resources using
COTS cables


Option to add
additional power /
coax connections via
additional connector

System
Interface

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All GBATS systems supplied with system self
-
test


Functional verification of test system resources
and connections to receiver interface


Self
-
test “fixture” consists of
iCON

960 ITA and
associated wiring / passive components


ATEasy based self
-
test program (executable)


does NOT require ATEasy license to execute


ATEasy source code is supplied with system


System Self
-
Test

iCON
960
ITA

Self
-
Test Fixture

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TS
-
710


Basic Functional Test Platform


Entry level, basic analog/ digital test applications


Static digital, low frequency analog


TS
-
720


Functional &Boundary Scan Test Platform


Basic functional and structural test applications


Supports CPLD and flash programming


TS
-
730


Mixed
-
Signal Test Platform


Performance analog and digital test capabilities


Supports up to
200
MHz digital test rate


Component, module or system level mixed
-
signal
test

Application Focused, Preconfigured Test Platforms

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TS
-
750


Digital Test Platform


Performance digital test capabilities


Up to 128, 200 MHz, digital channels


Component or board level test


LASAR conversion tools (option)


TS
-
770


Commercial Avionics Test Platform


Analog and digital test support


ARINC
-
429 interface supports control / testing of
commercial avionics LRU/SRUs and sub
-
assemblies


TS
-
775


Military Avionics Test Platform


Analog and digital test support


MIL
-
STD 1553A/B interface supports control / testing
of military avionics LRU/SRUs and sub
-
assemblies


Application Focused, Preconfigured Test Platforms
(cont’d)

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TS
-
710
: Base System Configuration


Controller w/ USB, Gig Ethernet, RS
-
232
,

PMC card with analog & digital resources



Spare

GX
2065
-

DMM

GX
7102
A
6
U/
3
U
Smart
PXI Chassis

(
19
inch rack mount)

Spare

6
U of

Rack Space

Spare

Spare

Spare

GX6377 mux,relay


Spare

GX
5733


Dig. I/O

GX
7404
-
Power Sup.



Spare



Spare



Spare

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TS
-
710
Core System Components


GX
7100
A Chassis



7 6
U,
7 3
U slots


Smart features


temperature, system power, & fan
monitoring; software mapping of trigger lines


Single slot controller with standard I/O ports


Built
-
in peripherals

Additional

Peripherals on Rear

Usb, Ethernet , Serial…

Single slot controller

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TS
-
710
Core Components Analog Instrumentation

General Purpose Digital / Analog
Resource Module


PMC module located on
embedded controller


8 digital I/O (for adapter ID)


(4) 16 bit D to As & (8) 16 bit A to
Ds


+/
-

10 volt input / output


300 KS/s aggregate sampling rate
for A to Ds and D to As


Prototyping area for


custom circuit development


Access to PXI +
3.3
, +
5
, +
12
and

12
volts output voltages


Software controlled on/off switching
of output voltages


Fused outputs
3.3
/
5
:
2
amp;
12
/
-
12
:
0.5
amp


Voltage and current read back


External power inhibit line

GX
7404
User Supply

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TS
-
710
Core Components
Analog Instrumentation


Digital
Multimeter


6
½ digit model


Up to
1
,
400
readings per second


AC and DC Voltage, current


Resistance, Diodes , dB ,
Min/Max


Measurement Options:


Capacitance, inductance,
leakage, temperature, Frequency,
period


Digital
Multimeter



GX2065

Multifunction switch card
-

GX
6377


5
ch
,
10
amp, form A relays


4
ch
,
2
amp, form A relays


4
ch
,
2
amp, form C relays


Two,
16
x
2
switch matrices
-

0.5
A ,
200
VDC


Matrices can be configured as a
32
x
2
or
16
x
4


Very unique and flexible switch
card



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Modular digital I/O card with a
total of
128
I/O channels


Can accommodate one I/O
modules to achieve custom I/O
levels and functions


96
have TTL levels, and the
direction of each group of eight
channels can be programmed
as input or output

GX
5733

GX
57
XX


Option Modules


Advanced Static Digital I/O Interface


GX5701 Digital Input Latch (DIL)


GX5702 Digital Output Latch (DOL)


GX5704 Digital Power Output latch (DPO)


GX5709 Differential Digital I/O (DDIO)*


GX5712 RS
-
422 to TTL (RTT16)*


TS
-
710
Core Components


Digital
I/O

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System Software
-

ATEasy



Each system supplied with self
-
test
executable


Instrument drivers for C,
LabVIEW
, CVI, etc.


Full


Featured Test executive and test
development environment

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Power
-
up Built
-
in Test (BIT) :


Executes unconditionally
on system power
-
on to
verify basic system
integrity.


TS
-
700
Calibration Verification
Program:


Implemented during BIT to
verify the calibration dates
on the system instruments
that require calibration.


GBATS BIT and Cal
-
Ver Programs

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Checksum Test:


Checks the integrity of the key
software programs.


System Self
-
Test


Functional verification of test system
resources and connections to receiver
interface


Self
-
test “fixture” consists of iCon
960
ITA and associated wiring / passive
components


ATEasy based self
-
test program
(executable)


only requires free
ATEasy run
-
time license to execute.


ATEasy source code is supplied



GBATS Checksum and Self
-
Test Programs

Self
-
Test Fixture

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Manufacturer of LED municipal
street lighting



Test requirements:


Functionally test power
supply


for LED lighting


Turn key solution


Test a PCB panel with
8

UUT’s


Integrated into a handler


BlueSpan Lighting Portugal



GBATS Application

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Standard GBATS TS
-
710
and ATEasy


Additional GX
6315


Additional Pickering high voltage
switching card (
24
x SPST,
1000
V)


Chroma C
6404
AC source


Resistor load box


Integrated with a
MyAutomation

test
handler


BlueSpan: Final configuration

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Integrated System (with handler)

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Korry

787
Flight Deck Control
Panel Test Set


Requirements
:



Self
-
contained, bench
-
top tester for
testing
50
different Boeing
787
instrument panels


Programmable power supplies


Switching


CAN communications interface


Mass cable interconnect

Example


GX7100 Based System

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Teledyne Controls


Test systems for Flight Data
Acquisition and Management units
(FDMU)


GX
7100
A based platform


DMM, switching, GX
1838
, ARINC
-
429
interface


ATEasy software


Goal is to use one test system for all
of their unit level products


Requirement was for a compact
system, small footprint and ability to
add UUT power


GX
7100

Based System

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Task

PC
-

Based

GBATS

Test Resources selection

More time

Less

time

UUT test interface definition

More time

No time

System structure definition

More time

No time

System H/W design (wiring, mechanical)

More time

No time

System S/W design (drivers, system, etc.)

More time

No time

System software install/
config

More time

No time

Self
-
test design (electrical/mechanical)

More time

No time

Self
-
test coding

More time

No time

Self test integration/debug

More time

No time

Build versus Buy Considerations


Where will
you spend your time ?


Substantial time will be devoted to developing and integrating a custom solution

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Analyze the time and labor required to develop a custom
solution


Development time can easily exceed the acquisition cost
of a lower priced in
-
house solution


A GBATS solution can offer a lower total cost compared to
the in
-
house solution or custom solution


Multiple applications increases the GBATS advantage


GBATS is well suited for multiple applications


VPC
iCON

interface is ideal for TPS applications


Additional
tangible and intangible advantages


Time to market


Serviceability and maintainability



Production quality solution


reliable and rugged


Custom versus GBATS solution

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PXI instrumentation and systems can offer
cost effective solutions for digital and mixed
-
signal semiconductor test



GBATS
offers high performance, down
-
sized
solutions for
board and system level test


Flexible
, modular,
off
-
the
-
shelf
architecture
with a full
-
featured test
executive / test development software
platform


Wide
selection of instrument options with
an integrated high density receiver
interface



Cost effective


PXI
-
based custom
configurations without the custom costs





Summary

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Discussion / Questions

Thank You!