УПРАВЛІННЯ ОСВІТИ І НАУКИ
МЕТОДИЧНИЙ ЦЕНТР ПРОФТЕХОСВІТИ
У ЛУГАНСЬКОЇ ОБЛАСТІ,
ЄВЄРОДОНЕЦЬКЕ ВИЩЕ ПРОФЕСІЙНЕ УЧИЛИЩЕ
НА КРАЩУ АВТОРСЬКУ РОЗРОБКУ МІСЯЦЯ
ПОРТАЛА «УЧИТЕЛЬСКИЙ ЖУРНАЛ ОН
МЕТОДИЧНА РОЗРОБКА УРОКУ
“THEY WERE THE FIRST”
(about famous modern inven
tions, scientists and inventors
of the world)
The theme of the lesson
They were the first.
about famous modern
and inventions of the world)
to continue learning the theme about the development of science, achievements of
modern inventors and their inventions
, their con
tribution to the world science
to rich active vocabulary
improve skills of reading, speaking, audition, grammar; improve skills of working
with literature and find out the information that will be
for the future profession.
to develop monologic and dialogic speech;
to form pupils’
ability of using their creativeness.
поглиблювати й удосконалювати навички мовленнєвої діяльності;
висловлювати свою точку зору про можливі причини винаходів;
діалогічному мовленні, аудіюванні та читанні; практикувати в
станні пасивного стану;
розвивати навички читання з повним розумінням тексту;
вдосконалювати навички групової творчої роботи;
залучити учнів до творчого письма;
розвивати критичне мислення, креативне (монологічне та діалогічне) мовлення,
ати; аргументовано представляти свою точку зору;
виховувати толерантність, гордість за досягнення людства у розвитку науки та
виховувати прагнення пізнавати світ та його досягнення.
texts for reading, text for audition, slides,
ноутбук, проектор, презентації, портрети вчених
Kind of the lesson
The inventions that shook the world.»
Изобретения, которые потрясли мир»
Announcement the topic and aim
Look around. Computers and other technical devices have improved our life and
made it easier. What do you think we are going to talk about today?
. I think
we‘ll learn much about the development of science.
. In my opinion, we‘ll learn much about the achievements of scientists and their
contribution to the world of science.
Answer the questions:
Can we imagine our life without inventions?
Will they change the world?
What modern inventions do you know?
How often do you use them?
What are the world greatest inventions for you?
Do inventions make our life easier?
What inventions can you name?
internet, telegraph, telescope, space systems)
What Ukrainian scientists do you know? What is their main contribution to our
economy? Who was the first president of Academy of Sciences of Ukraine? Lis
the text and find out.
The development of science in Ukraine
Eminent names and scientific schools
In the twentieth century, a number of renowned scientific
schools were established in Ukraine dealing with problems
of geochemistry and the natural sciences (V. Vernadsky), mechanics (S.Tymoshenko),
oriental studies (A. Krymsky), microbiology (D. Zabolotny
), biology (0. Bohomolets),
chemistry (L. Pysar/hcvsky), electrical welding and bridge
building (Ye. Paton),
physics (M. Boholiubov), cybernetics (V. Glushkov), space engineering (M. Yanhel),
etc. Ukrainian scientists andscholars can boast major achieve
ments, such as the artificial
nuclear reaction to split the lithiumnucleus; production of heavy water; a procedure for
automatically welding lank bodies; the Europe's first computer; new areas pioneered in
metallurgy: electric metallurgy with electroslag,
arc, and plasma electron
remelting, development of unique rockets and spacecraft, etc.
Ukraine's Scientific Potential
Science is a major factor allowing Ukraine to be ranked among the world's advanced
countries in the twenty
first century. By t
he beginning of the year 2000, Ukraine's
scientific potential of Ukraine comprised 1,506 scientific institutions and organizations.
Of these, 289 were in the academic sector, 160 were institutions of higher learning,
while 964 belonged to the industry, and
93 to the factory sector. 126,000 persons are
directly engaged in research and engineering activities. These include 4,132 doctors and
over 20,000 candidates of sciences. Six state academies are leaders in Ukrainian
science: the National Academy of Scienc
es of Ukraine, Ukrainian Academy of
Academy of Medical Science, Academy of Jurisprudence, the Academy of Pedagogical
Sciences, and the Academy of Arts. The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine
is responsible for the governmen
tal management of scientific and scholarly activities.
The Coming Future
Ukraine is proud to comply with world scientific
standards in mathematics, mechanics, physics, computer
science, materials science, and a number of other trends
directly related to the manufacture of the high tech
intensive products increasingly de
manded by foreign scientific institutions and
industrial firms. For instance, a unique pilot plant has been built, which simulates the
effect of outer space on spacecraft. Germany and China have purchased this plant and
the European Space Agency is using i
t for research purposes. Together with Pratt and
Whitney, a US aerospace firm, the Institute of Electrical Welding is developing a
procedure for producing new materials using the technique of high
evaporation and condensation of matt
er in a vacuum. The Institute of Monocrystals, a
research and technical concern, supplies scintillation crystals as well as sapphire
implants and tools to research centres in the US, Japan and Switzerland for
neurosurgical and ophthalmological applications
Researchers at the Institute for Cryobiology and Cryomcdicine have arranged
production of competitive biological preparations on request by many foreign firms.
During the years of independence, a basic advance has been made by Ukraine in the
nces and humanities. This contributed much to the nation's rethinking of its
long path in
the historical and cultural development and today's position of
Ukraine in the context of the international and European civilizing process. This is the
fifteenth year that the Ukrainian scholars have been involved in studying the scientific,
technological, economic, medical, and social aspects with the goal of mitigating the
consequences of the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant disaster, turning the devastate
Unit 4 into an ecologically sound system, and establishing an international test field
within the affected area for investigating the impact of radiation on the environment.
Ukrainian science is making successful efforts to be integrated into the interna
scientific community. Each year dozens of monographs by Ukrainian scholars are
published abroad. Many Ukrainian scientific journals are translated into foreign
languages. Under the aegis of UNESCO, an international research and educational
r information technologies and systems as well as international chairs of
cryobiology and physiology have been set up in Ukraine. Established in 1993, the
International Association of Academies of Sciences is playing an important role to
ion processes among Academies of Sciences of CIS countries. The
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine headed by Academician Borys Paton, its
renowned President, remains the stronghold of these research institutions.
Ukrainian Space Industry
independent Ukraine confidently became
one of the world space states owing to its space
research and production potential.
In February 1992, National Space Agency of Uk
raine (NSAU) was established to
implement state space activities policy. Its control
sphere includes about 30 production
enterprises, research organizations and design offices. The enterprises of space industry
gain great experience in development and production of modern launch vehicles,
spacecraft, engines, control and telemeter system.
New materials and technologies are
being phased in, and some of them have no counterparts. Space goods and services
export increased from year to year. Currently, space
industry restructuring is being prepared and
implemented to assure further development
enterprises in market environment. The restructuring
provides forming of favorable business and
investment climate, advance in rates of science
intensive production output, development of new competitive technics, increase the
quality and efficiency of
production. It is
corporatize and incorporate state
ed companies, possibilities for
establishment of international investment fund are
So, Ukrainian space industry enters into new millenium introducing market innovation
system, which is favorable for improving investment climate and attracting investors to
mutual beneficial cooperation within joint commercial projects.
a) Explain the meaning of the following words and word
ent, welding, plasma
arc, to comply, launch vehicles, mitigating, electron
evaporation, enterprise, counterpart.
b) Answer the questions:
Name the renowned scientific schools, their leaders and directions of their researches.
To your mind, does
Ukraine have cientific Potential? Give proof ofyour opinion.
Describe the future prospective of science development in Ukraine.
What branches of Ukrainian science are the most successful?
What are the world
known space sys
tems, developed by
reporters prepared by our students about prominent scientists. Let‘s
listen the information.
Amosov Mykola Mykhajlovich
was one of the initiators of
the widespread introduction into our country surgery for diseases of
the lungs, has made a lot of new developments in this problem. His
research contributed to improving the treatment of diseases of the
lungs. In 1961, Amosov f
or lung surgery was awarded Lenin Prize for
the work of lung surgery.
Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky
popularized the concept of the noosphere and deepened the idea
of the biosphere to the meaning largely recognized by today's
c community. Volodymyr Vernadsky, for instance, was
the first President of Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. He was
the first in our country to
introduce the spectral method for the solution of geochemical problems. Vernadsky was
the founder of the modern doctrine on the biosphere.
Alexander Dmitrievich Zasyadko
In 1815, Zasyadko
began his work on creating military gunpowder rockets. He
launching platforms, which allowed to fire in
salvos (6 rockets at a time), and gun
laying devices. Zasyadko
elaborated a tactics for military use of rocket weaponry. In 1820,
Zasyadko was appointed head of the Petersburg Armory,
Powder Factory, pyrotechnic laboratory and the first
Higher Artillery School in Russia. In 1827, Zasyadko was in
charge of Artillery Headquarters of the Russian army and took part in the Russo
Turkish War of 1828
1829. He organized rocket production in a s
workshop and created the first rocket sub
unit in the Russian army.In 1834, Zasyadko
retired due to his illness. The crater Zasyadko on the far side of the Moon is named
Yuri Vasilievich Kondratyuk
was a follower, supporter and
founder of cosmism, pioneer of astronautics and spaceflight. He was a
theoretician and a visionary who, in the early 20th century, foresaw
ways of reaching the moon. He was first put to work evaluating foreign
hinery for the Kusbass region.
Palladin Alexander Vladimirovich
Together with employees it
for the first time in the USSR there have been begun regular
experimental studying biochemistry of vitamins, as well as
development of a problem of intermediat
e chemical transformations in
processes of a metabolism (an endocellular carbohydrate and
phosphoric exchange). In the early works, devoted to studying kreatin,
for the first time has noted value of this substance for an organism; it
kreatin , its communication with a carbohydrate exchange, etc.
Special values have its works in the field of biochemistry of muscular and nervous
systems. Palladin with employees biochemical distinctions of separate functionally
excellent sites of the cen
tral nervous system have been revealed; are carried out rather
biochemical researches of fabrics of nervous system of various types of animals; the
chemical compound of fabrics of nervous system during embryo progresses of animals
are studied, etc. Palladi
n's researches on biochemistry of a brain are known at various
functional conditions, in particular at excitation and braking. Its works on biochemistry
of muscular activity have laid down in a basis of modern concepts of functional
biochemistry about proc
esses of exhaustion, rest and training of a muscle
that is of
great importance for illumination of some practical questions of
physiology of work and sports.
Alexander Sergeevich Davydov
was a Ukrainian physicist.
Davydov graduated from Moscow State University in 1939. In 1963
1990 he was Director of Institute for Theoretical Physics of the
Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.His main contributions were in
theory of absorption, scattering and di
spersion of the light in
molecular crystals. In 1948, he predicted the phenomenon that is
known as Davydov splitting. In the period 1958
1960 he developed the theory of
collective excited states in spherical and non
spherical nuclei, known as Davydov
ippov Model and Davydov
Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov
was the lead
Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer in the
Space Race between the United States and the Soviet
Union during the 1950s and 1960s. He is considered
by many as the father of practical astronautics. In
spite of the Soviet progress on IC
BM technology, Korolev was preoccupied with the use
of rockets for space travel. In 1953 he first proposed the use of the R
7 design for
launching a satellite into orbit. He pushed his ideas with the Academy of Sciences of the
USSR, including a concept for
sending a dog into space. He also had to overcome
resistance in the military and among party members.
Kavetskiy Rostyslav Evgenievich
First offered treatment of
tumours by means of lasers.
Stragesko Mykola Dmytrovich
First in the
world put (in 1909 together with V.P. Obraztsov),
diagnosis of thrombosis of vessels of heart.
Oleg Konstantinovich Antonov
Designer, the founder of
Antonov ASTC, a world
company in Ukraine, later named in his
honour. Antonov designed a large single bay biplane of
metal construction, with an enclosed cockpit and a
cabin with room for seats accommodating 12
Danylo Kyrylovych Zabolotny (1866
was a Ukrainian
epidemiologist and the founder of the world's first research
department of epidemiology. In 1927, he published one of the first
texts in his field, Fundamentals of Epidemiology. Zabolotny
conducted groundbreaking research on a number of in
diseases, including cholera, diphtheria, dysentery, plague, syphilis
and typhus, as well as on gangrene.
was a pioneer researcher of the new joining
welding technology for the materials. In order to make welding a
able technological process it was necessary to conduct a
comprehensive research of the mechanics of welded structures, welding
metallurgical processes, and physics of the arc, as well as to develop
the welding equipment and tools, and consumable and new we
Evgeny Paton created the methods of design of rational bridge spans, investigated the
conditions of their operation, and suggested the methods to restore the damaged
bridges. He carried out the research on calculation and strength of weld
mechanization of welding processes, and fundamentals of welding. He supervised the
development of the method of automatic submerged arc welding. During the World War
II Evgeny Paton supervised the design and production of the equipment and t
of the automatic welding of special steels, tanks, bombs, etc.
Thank you very much for the information about famous Ukrainian people. They were
the first in their fields. And now let’s listen about scientific and technological progress
Scientific and Technological Progress
It's difficult to overestimate the role of science and
technology in our life. They accelerate the development of
civilization and help us in our co
operation with nature.
Scientists investigate the laws of the universe, discover the
secrets of nature, and
apply their knowledge in practice
improving the life of people. Let's compare our life
nowadays with the life of people at the beginning of the 20th century. It has changed
beyond recognition. Our ancestors hadn't the slightest idea of the trivial things
by the scientific progress that we use in our
mean refrigerators, TV
sets, computers, microwave ovens, radio telephones, what not. They would seem
miracles to them that made our life easy, comfortable and pleasant. On the other ha
the great inventions of the beginning of the 20th century, radio, airplanes, combustion
and jet engines have become usual things and we can't imagine our life without them. A
century is a long period for scientific and technological progress, as it's
Millions of investigations the endless
number of outstanding discoveries has
Our century has had several names that were connected with a certain era in science and
technology. At first it was called the atomic age due to the dis
covery of the splitting of
the atom. Then it became the age of the conquest of space when for the first time in the
history of mankind a man overcame the gravity and entered the Universe. And now we
live in the information era when the computer network emb
races the globe and connects
not only the countries and space stations but a lot of people all over the world. All these
things prove the power and the greatest progressive role of science in our life.
But every medal has its reverse. And the rapid scientific progress has aroused a number
of problems that are a matter of our great concern. These are ecological problems, the
safety of nuclear power stations, the nuclear war threat, and the responsibility
scientist. But still we are grateful to the outstanding men of the past and the present who
have courage and patience to disclose the secrets of the Universe.
Which statements are true and which ones are false.
True or false
Scientists discover new inventions.
We can’t imagine our life without inventions.
th century was called the atomic age.
New inventions prove the power and the
greatest progressive pole of science in
Rapid scientific progress has aroused a number
of ecological problems.
difficult to overestimate the role of
science and technology in our life
outstanding scientists and inventors all over
the world, not only in
They were the first in their fields. Let’s remember, what are they!
Raymond Samuel Tomlinson
A programmer who
implemented an email system in 1971 on the ARPANET. Email had
been previously sent on other networks
such as AUTODIN and PLATO. It was the first system able to send
mail between users on different hosts connected to the ARPAnet.
ly, mail could be sent only to others who used the same
computer.) To achieve this, he used the @ sign to separate the user
from their machine, which has been used in email addresses ever since.
Harvey Ross Ball
The irresistible smiley face
flowed from the pen of Harvey Ball, a graphic artist in
Worcester, Massachusetts. The year was 1963. Harvey
was hired by the State Mutual Life Assurance Company
to design a logo that would uplift its employees after a
erger had hurt company morale. The logo
was to accompany a "friendship campaign" that the company came up with to
encourage employees to smile as they went about their work or interacted with
After demonstrating the
prototype cell phone to reporters, Cooper allowed
some of the reporters to make phone calls to anyone of
their choosing to prove that the cell phone could
function as a versatile part of the telephone network.
Cooper is considered the inventor of the first
handheld cellular phone and the first
person to make a phone call in public on a handheld cell phone. Cooper and the
engineers who worked for him, and Mitchell are named on the patent "Radio telephone
system" filed on October 17, 1973.
Father of long distance radio transmission and for his
development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system. Marconi, just twenty years
old, began his first experiments working on his own with the help of
his butler Mignani. In the sum
mer of 1894, he built a storm alarm
made up of a battery, a coherer, and an electric bell, which went off
if there was lightning. Soon after he was able to make a bell ring on
the other side of the room by pushing a telegraphic button on a
Willard Sterling Boyle
A Canadian physicist and co
of the charge
coupled device. On October 6, 2009, it was announced
that he would share the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics for "the
invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit
the CCD sensor". I
1953 Boyle joined Bell Labs where he invented the first continuously
operating ruby laser with Don Nelson in 1962, and was named on
the first patent for a semiconductor injection laser. He was made director of Space
Science and Exploratory Studies at the
Bell Labs subsidiary Bellcomm in 1962,
providing support for the Apollo space program and helping to select lunar landing
sites. He returned to Bell Labs in 1964, working on the development of integrated
Sir Timothy John
A British co
MIT professor and the inventor of the World Wide Web.
He made a proposal for an information management
system in March 1989 and on 25 December 1990, with
the help of Robert Cailliau and a young student at
CERN, he implemented the first su
communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client and server via the
Internet. The first web site built was at CERN within the border of France, and was first
put online on 6 August 1991.
Lawrence "Larry" Page and
Sergey Mikhaylovich Brin
American computer scientist and
internet entrepreneur who, with
Sergey Brin, is best known as the co
founder of Google. On April 4, 2011, he took on
the role of chief executive officer of Google, rep
lacing Eric Schmidt. As of 2011, his
personal wealth is estimated to be $16.7 billion. He is the inventor of PageRank, which
became the foundation of Google's search ranking algorithm.
Mark Elliot Zuckerberg
An American computer programmer and In
entrepreneur. He is best known for co
creating the social
networking site Facebook, of which he is chief executive.
It was co
founded as a private company in 2004 by
Zuckerberg and classmates Dustin Moskovitz, Eduardo
Saverin, and Chris Hughes while
they were students at
In 2010, Zuckerberg was named
Time magazine's Person of the Year.
As of 2011, his personal wealth was estimated to
be $17.5 billion making him one of the world's youngest billionaires.
: And now let’s match
the events and their scientists or inventors.
Foreign inventors and scientists
2004, Mark Zuckerberg
1998, Sergey Brin and Lawrance Page
1973, Martin Cooper
1963, Harvey Ball
1969, Willard Sterling Boyle
1895, Guglielmo Marconi
Military gunpowder rocket
Pioneer of astronautics and
biochemistry of vitamins
Theory of absorption
scattering and dispersion of
the light in molecular
Treatment of tumours by
Founder of the world’s first
research department of
Researcher of the new
for the materials
Science is a serious topic to discuss.
But science may be turned both for peace and
military purpose. It can take good forms and evil forms. With the help of scientific
inventions politicians make weapons of mass destruction. But on the other hand
researches help us in our life: at home, at
work, at school and make the level of the
country development higher. That's why there are a lot's
of facts telling about a great amount of well
scientists who had burned their works when they've
understood the consequences of their inventions.
krainian scientist Igor Bohachevskyi said: “ In order
to be a success in life, you should demonstrate that you
could do something. And you should prove this with what you have already done”
It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not s
. Home assign
Write about using e
mail. Questions below will help you in your writing.
How did your relatives and their fr
ends sent letters to each other in 90s?
What people lose and gain from e
3. How often do you send e