INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

matchmoaningAI and Robotics

Nov 17, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

2

Implemented in 12 countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America and the
Middle East, through IUCN regional and national offices, with IUCN
members and partners


Coordinated from IUCN HQ in Gland, Switzerland

Funded by UK’s DFID (Governance and Transparency Fund)

Apart from national actions, the project includes global and regional
actions on key topics, among them protected areas

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Improving governance related

to natural resources that support local
livelihoods

Empowering civil society to better

manage natural resources

and influence decision
-
making

Supporting local governance

for greater community benefits and

livelihood security

4


Countries of the world have committed to political systems
that:


Increase and improve democracy


Respect human rights


Reduce or eradicate poverty


Increase equity and eliminate discrimination


Seek sustainability in development


Need to apply the same principles to PA

5


Governance over natural resources is important because it
affects the achievement of management objectives
(effectiveness), the sharing of costs and benefits (equity) and
helps to ensure support (community, political and financial)
for the sound management of natural resources


Decentralized PA governance can help ensure more effective
and responsive management,


The rule of law is essential to protect natural resources.


Effective governance is vital to secure the poverty reduction
potential of natural resources.


Effective governance helps reduce conflicts and
Unsustainable use of natural resources.

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For IUCN, governance of natural resources is the
complex set of norms, institutions and processes
that determine how power and responsibilities are
exercised, how decisions are taken, and how
citizens participate in the management of natural
resources.


Governance is about who has power
-

influence and
decision
-
making capacity; and how decision
-
makers
are held accountable.


The interpretation of governance and of means to
achieve good governance are very varied

7


The
debate

about «

good
governance

»: a
model or comparable principles?


The
agreed

approach
:
improve

governance

through

implementation

of
principles



Two

key

aspects on PA:


Principles

of good
governance



Recognition of a
diversity

of
institutional

models


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All stakeholders are able to have a say with
respect to a PA establishment and management

1. Legitimacy and voice



Management and responsibility for
PAs

should
be at the lowest level possible

2.
Subsidiarity


All too often the benefits stemming from Pas are
reaped by stronger parties

3. Fairness

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Local populations will not find themselves more
vulnerable or poorer because the establishment of
PAs

4. Do no harm


It is important to have a clear vision for the
PAs

long
term direction which is shared by all key stakeholders

5
. Direction


PA need to strike a balance between achieving
biodiversity conservation and being responsive to the
concerns of stakeholders

6. Performance

10


Roles and responsibilities need to be clear,
clearly communicated and decision
-
makers need
to be accountable

7. Accountability


All relevant information is available to all
stakeholders

8. Transparency


Basic human rights, such as the right of freedom
of opinion, the right to own property, etc. should
be respected

9. Human rights

11


10. Capacities


11. Rule of law


12. Coherence

Bottom
end of scale


Top end of scale

Legitimacy
and voice







Subsidiarity








Fairness







There is no dialogue.
Stakeholders are not
engaged or consulted. PA
decisions are made top
-
down, There is
discrimination and no
consensus.


There is significant
dialogue. All
stakeholders have a
say. PA decisions are
made collectively and
based on consensus.
There is no
discrimination.

Management &
responsibility are
centralised and
ineffective


Costs & benefits not
shared OR not shared
equitably. Local
communities are very
poor and lack
livelihood security

Costs & benefits are
shared equitably.
Communities have
improved, sustainable
income opportunities
and greater livelihood
security.

Management &
responsibility for PAs
are decentralised, more
effective and better able
reflect local needs



Governance
Principle

Actions

Legitimacy
and voice



Multi stakeholder Platforms are established to support dialogue


Decision
-
making structures that include various interests are in place


Consultation meetings are held


Protected area management plans are established/updated further to various
stakeholder group meetings and input


A
process to include stakeholder concerns in PA management and/or establishment is in
place


Subsidiarity



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Institutions that manage PAs include local representation


Ethnic minorities are represented on the management authority for PAs and/or their
input has been considered


Fairness



A system for assessing costs and benefits of PAs is in place


A system for sharing costs and benefits is in place


Benefits from well
-
managed PAs are shared in an equitable manner


L
egal

frameworks are respected and effectively and impartially enforced, particularly
the laws on human
rights.


Do no harm


Poverty levels remain stable or drop


Local people’s living standards remain the same or improve


Local people’s options for their livelihoods remain the same or improve


Local cultural practices, norms, livelihood strategies and values are respected and not
affected.

Governance
Principle

Actions

Direction



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Avoiding conflicts between decisions made in different sectors and levels
.


Performance



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and other self financing instruments.


Accountability



Management plan and/or other established document outlines roles and
responsibilities clearly


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Systems are in place to hold people accountable


Reporting demonstrates that all roles and responsibilities are clearly
established


Transparency



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Governance
Principle

Actions

Capacities


Capacity needs assessments are carried out to develop a base line for
different stakeholders.


Capacity is in place for all stakeholders to be involved in relevant decision
-
making and other aspects of PA governance.


Awareness raising campaigns for government and other actors, using
culturally, linguistically appropriate mechanisms.


Promotion of learning exchanges and networks.