The Future of Mobile Computing

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Nov 24, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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The Future of Mobile Computing

R&D Activities in the State of Bremen

O. Herzog, M. Boronowsky, I. Rügge, U. Glotzbach, M. Lawo

TZI
-

Center for Computing Technologies and Mobile Research Center

Universität Bremen, Germany


Terena Networking Conference 2007

DTU, Lyngby, May 21
-
24, 2007


Application Scenarios

Logistics

Application Scenarios

Production

Application Scenarios

Health Care

The Pervasive Computing Vision


empowering the user


to get the right information

at the right time

„7 trillion wireless devices serving

7 billion people by 2017


WWRF 2006

Mobile Computing will be a Key
Technology of the 21st Century …

… and Mobile Solutions are
the main focus of

ICT activities in Bremen



Bremen


Federal State of Germany


Bremen is one of the 16 German
Federal States


Bremen is a two city state



Bremen has a population of
almost 700.000


Bremen main economic sectors:


foreign trade and logistics


food industry


car manufacturing


aerospace
-

and aircraft
industry (EADS, Airbus)


Accessibility: international airport,


railways, ports, “Autobahn”


Mobile City Bremen

The Setup Phase: Efficient Collaboration (I)


Mobile Solutions are

researched at the Universität

Bremen


since 1998:

Focus on mobile applications, Wearable Computing,

Ubiquitous Computing, Mobile Communication




Since 1999 Business Development and University target to
establish the topic “Mobile Solutions”

as a strategic regional topic



In 2000 the TZI
-

Center for Computing Technologies initiated the
inter
-
institutional research group
[wear
Lab
]
:

Focus on innovative mobile information processing

Mobile City Bremen

The Setup Phase: Efficient Collaboration (II)


Business Development, Companies and the TZI initiated the
Mobile Solution Group


A local network to strengthen and focus activities in mobile
computing



Several Companies in Bremen started to

add mobile applications to their product portfolio



In 2001 “Mobile Solutions” in Bremen became politically accepted


InnoVision 2010 Bremen strategy


Co
-
operations between Bremen and Microsoft/Deutsche
Telekom targeted at Mobile Solutions

Mobile City Bremen Today

Strong Cooperation between Government
-
Industry
-
Science



Mobile Solution Group


40+ enterprises in Bremen in the mobile solutions business


Mobile services and market entry for mobile applications


National Mobile Test Area / Mobile Test Market



Test of communication, usability and acceptance for the
German Market


Established market research procedures by Bonsai
Deutschland/ TNS Emnid


Mobile Research Center




Research and technology transfer into Mobile Solutions,

with 140 researchers in 24 work groups


Demonstration Center in co
-
operation with industry

www.mobilecity.org

Mobile
-
Cluster

Mobile Solution Group GmbH

Full
-
service provider for mobile IT
-
solutions:
plan, build and run





Industrial Focus


Logistics


Automotive


Media


OEMs





Activities



Mobile Marketing / Sales


e
-
Procurement Systems


Safety at Work


Multi
-
Channel

Services


RFID
-
based Process Solutions


Location Based Solutions


Project Management

MRC Research Groups


Prof. Dr.
-
Ing. W. Anheier, TZI


Prof. Dr.
-
Ing. F. Arndt, TZI


Prof. Dr.
-
Ing. K.
-
D. Kammeyer, TZI


Prof. Dr.
-
Ing. R. Laur, TZI


Prof. Dr. M. B. Wischnewsky, TZI


Prof. Dr. U. Bormann, TZI


Prof. Dr. C. Bormann, TZI


Prof. Dr. J. Friedrich, TZI


Prof. Dr. J. Peleska, TZI


Prof. Dr.
-
Ing. K.
-
D. Thoben, BIBA


Prof. Dr.
-
Ing. D. H. Müller, BIBA


Prof. Dr. H. Eirund, HSB


Prof. Dr. R. Sethmann, HSB


Prof. D. Rahe, i/i/d


Prof. Dr. B. Grüter, HSB


Prof. Dr. H. Schelhowe, TZI


Prof. Dr.
-
Ing W. Lang, IMSAS


Prof. Dr. M. Hülsmann, WiWi


Prof. Dr. R. Malaka, TZI


Prof. Dr. O. Zielinski, HS Bhv


Prof. Dr. Martin Schneider, TZI




Board of Directors


Prof. Dr. O. Herzog, TZI


Prof. Dr. C. Görg, TZI


Prof. Dr.
-
Ing. B. Scholz
-
Reiter, BIBA

MRC Research Profile


140 full
-
time researchers


Focus on industrial sectors


Application
-
oriented and

interdisciplinary research


Full range of ICT including

Industrial Design

eHealth

eEntertainment

Aviation +
Space

Industry.

Mobile Communication

Production

Mobile Hardware

Test
and

Demo Center

Mobile Services

Human Computer Interfaces

Business Models

Holistic Process Design

Logistics

Product Design

Mobile Security

Mobile Sensorics

Middleware

Market

Market

MRC DemoCenter


Hands
-
on Approach



Demonstration of present and
future mobile technologies
and application systems


Upgrading research results for
transfer into products and
services


Product development support
in test markets, e.g., usability
tests and user acceptance
tests

Current Demonstrators and Prototypes


Mobile Knowledge Management


Mobile assistance systems


Textile Integration of electronic components


Mobile information search


Wearable Computing


Mobile interpersonal real
-
time communication

(e.g., voice over IP, video data transmission)


Wireless Heterogeneous Networks


Mobile OCR and Mobile Multimedia Access


Mobile interaction concepts


Adaptivity (especially of user interfaces)


Software Ergonomics of mobile applications


Sensory registration and recognition of context


Mobile Security (e.g. WLAN security, security concept

for mobile terminal devices)


Cooperating mobile systems


Architectures and concepts for location
-
based services


Mobile Solutions for education

Wearable Computing

Wearable Computing …


… a new way to use a computer?

Wearable Computing …


… a huge world wide market!

Wearable Computing

Applications

and Devices

Open Wearable Computing Platform

System Architecture

carry on, miniaturized appliances


-


mobile phone, PDA,...

attachable peripherals


-

display, keypad, GPS

functional textiles


-

data and power lines, interface to electronics


-

sensing


-

power generation


-

electrodes

embedded microsystems


-
sensors,


-
signal processing,


-
power generation,...

w

i

r

e

l

e

s

s



B

A

N

textile electronics


interface

Miniaturised Sensors

(Bharatula, Ossevoort, Lukowicz, Tröster, 2004)

Sensor
-
driven

User Interfaces

Belt mounted Computer

Head Mounted Display

Hands free

Wireless Communication

Assistant System for Maintenance

Wearable Computing



Wearable Computing is a
new paradigm


to work
with

instead to work
at

the computer


using the computer is not the primary task, but


using the computer
during and for the primary task



Mobile versus office work


office work

(usually) manipulates
virtual objects

inside the computer


mobile work

(usually) manipulates
real objects on
-
site

with computer
assistance


attention and hands are needed to
interact with real
-
world objects


Location, time, and work context sensing


Reduction of cognitive load by context
-
based assistance


Flagship project wearIT@work


Integrated EU Project:


Total budget: 24 m

,


EU funding: 14 m



Project coordination: MRC
-
TZI Bremen


42 partners

in the consortium


Size: (12 > 5000, 3 < 5000, 15 SMEs, 6 public institutions)


170 people years

over 4.5 years


Open Wearable Computing Group

(OWCG) as a central
standardization board


International Forum on Applied Wearable Computing

(IFAWC) as a world
-
wide event focusing on Mobile Applications

wearIT@work


The consortium
(examples)

wearIt@work Pilot Applications

Fire department assistance

(Paris)


Increasing firefighters’ safety through better
coordination and communication


Support of human senses


(augmented reality)



Wearable Computing in Production

(Skoda)


Permanent access to process information


Collection and integration of information from
various sources

WearIT@work Pilot Applications

Wearable Computing in Maintenance
(EADS)


Inspection, maintenance and repair


Development of intelligent manuals

which are wearable, context sensitive

and/or adaptive


Input, collection and output of data



Health Care

(Gespag)


Better access to patient information during a physical examination


On
-
the
-
spot documentation by the examining physician


Coordination of clinical processes

Activity Types in wearIT@work
-

I

(*) Paul Lukowicz, Universität Passau

EADS

SKODA

GESPAG

BSPP

Environment

diverse,

non
-
fixed, some
infrastructure

static, structured,
fixed, elaborate
infrastructure

highly
structured,
static, strong
infrastructure

unstructured,
dynamic,
hazardous, no
infrastructure

Mobility

nomadic,
heterogeneous

room level

nomadic,

homogeneous

highly mobile

Cognitive

load

medium

low

high

medium

Manual

activity

predominantly

predominantly

occasional

occasional

Physical

strain

some

minimal

none

extreme

Stress

little

little

moderate,

time pressure

high

Human

interaction

little

little

intense

moderate

Activity Types in wearIT@work
-

II

(*) Paul Lukowicz, Universität Passau

EADS

SKODA

GESPAG

BSPP

Retrieval

Structured

multimedia

Structured

multimedia
content

highly structured
text, some
images

simple textual or
graphical
information

Recording

event sequence
and/or annotated
videos

events with
timing
information

collaborative
input of complex
multimodal
information

events, some
images

Sensing

location, activity,
system state

activity, object
(car) state

location

environmental,
location,
physiological,
some activities

Communication

voice call with
images

minimal

collaboration
between
systems

simple offline
messages, real
time voice,
occasional
video.

GESPAG Health Care Scenario

Video




Living Lab Mobil
-
ITy


Joint initiative of DaimlerChrysler, Siemens,

Mobile Solution Group Bremen, and MRC


Common platform for innovation in the automotive domain


Closing the gap between research and applications

Market

Science

Drive

Innovation

New

Business

Effort

Time

Innovation

Application

Time
-
to
-
Market

Research

Development

Objective :

Decreased Time
-
to
-
Market

Effort

Time

Innovation

Application

Time
-
to
-
Market

Research

Development

LivingLab

Reduce the Time to Market

LivingLab


Portfolio


Living interface

between industry and R&D


Identification, evaluation, and test of innovative technologies with respect
to
concrete problems and potential application of industrial partners



without interfering with production processes


Providing
practical experiences
with leading
-
edge technology


Exploration

of new developments, refinements, and application areas


Usage of parallel development cycles
of research and development in
the framework of industrial partner


Project
-
specific and strategic cooperations

with the Mobile Solution
Center and global players in mobile solutions


Establishing
workshops and tutorials

for different user classes of the
industrial partners


Lessons learned

Follow a holistic approach:



do not embark on single isolated research projects and
technologies,



get the total picture and understand the different facets
research can provide for the structural change of a region,



find the place of research and innovation in the concert of
enterprises, politics, and business development



marketing, marketing, marketing!

Conclusion


For a necessary regional structural change and
economic growth the early identification of
promising ICT fields is crucial.




Innovations just don’t happen by themselves:
innovation processes must be established



A network of academia, economy, and politics
must be created to establish and cultivate the
infrastructure to foster innovative technologies
towards product development.

Thank you

herzog@tzi.de