Mobile Learning - School of Computing - University of Leeds

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Nov 24, 2013 (3 years and 24 days ago)

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School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Personalised On
-
the
-
Job
Reflective Mobile Learning

in Fire and Rescue Services


Wichai Eamsinvattana


Supervisors

Dr.Vania Dimitrova (School of Computing)

Dr.David Allen (Business School)

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Presentation Plan



Mobile Learning at Fire and Rescue Services


Challenges and Current Practices



Research goal and questions



PORML Framework



Background


Theories & Technologies



Expected Contributions

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

M
-
learning:
The
acquisition of any knowledge and skills

through using mobile technology, anywhere, anytime, that
results in an alteration in behaviour (Geddes, 2004)


Main Challenge:

Need for
creative scenarios and applications

to integrate m
-
learning in everyday work practices and tasks.






(Frohberg, 2006)


Characteristics of effective m
-
learning:


knowledge access directly linked to the current user activities


educational material collected or available on the field


learning experiences placed in the current user context







(Trifonova, 2003)



Mobile Learning at Fire and
Rescue Services



Research Goal and Questions



PORML Framework



Background



Expected Contributions

Mobile Learning Challenges

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Disconnected from the real context


Simulated environment


Off
-
site


Not very effective



Mobile Learning at Fire and
Rescue Services



Research Goal and Questions



PORML Framework



Background



Expected Contributions

Training at Fire and Rescue
Service

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Conditions rapidly change


Various aspects (e.g. road traffic, lethal
chemicals, people in danger)


Previous experience is imprtant


Crew commander’s risk assessment is crucial


Many crew commanders are inexperienced




(from M. Casten from Norfolk FRS)



Mobile Learning at Fire and
Rescue Services



Research Goal and Questions



PORML Framework



Background



Expected Contributions

What Happens in Reality

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Mobile technology to support
decision making at FRS

Aimed at decision making

but learning is not considered

Virtual reality to support
reflective learning

Learning by reflecting on
FRS activities but
disconnected from the real
environment

No research has been conducted to use mobile technologies for
reflective on
-
the
-
job learning.



Mobile Learning at Fire and
Rescue Services



Research Goal and Questions



PORML Framework



Background



Expected Contributions

Existing Approaches

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Goal:

Design personalised mobile learning environments to
support reflective on
-
the
-
job learning in FRS:



Users: Crew Commanders


Skills: Risk Assessment


Research questions:


How to model the user and context considering on
-
the
-
job
activities of FRS crew commanders, semantic location
-
based
information, and user’s experiences?




How can these models be used to promote reflection on the risk
assessment skills after an incident has finished, by taking into
account the current activity and adapting to a crew commander’s
experience and skills?




Mobile Learning at Fire and
Rescue Services



Research Goal and Questions



PORML Framework



Background



Expected Contributions

Research Goal and
Questions

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Types of Risk
Assessment
(
RA
)
task
And
General
description of
each task
Available
Learning
Materials to help
the user brush
-
up
their risk
assessment skills
Personal Information and
Descriptions of
Past activities the
User has been involved in
Database
2
Database
3
Database
4
Semantic
description of
location data
Database
1
Using Ordinance Survey
Master Map
+
Ontology of
places
Location
SYSTEM
Firefighters
Incident Site
User Profiles
Crew
Commander
Incident
Commander
Assess Risk involved
With the incident
1
Take decision
On the basis of their
assessment
2
2
Incident
Commander
Post Action
3
3
Run Risk Assessment
Application
Reflection
Reflective Scripts
Example
:
Q
:
What type of RA task did you
have to do
?
A
:
RA task
(
Chosen from a list
)
Q
:
What are the main
characteristics of the task
?
5
Input
Location and
Semantic Map
6
Input for the System
4
6
3
7
Learning

Objects



Mobile Learning at Fire and
Rescue Services



Research Goal and Questions



PORML Framework



Background



Expected Contributions

PORML Framework

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Activity Theory (Engestrom, Kofod
-
Petersen):
to
define what context aspects are related to the
current user activity


Conversational Theory(Pask, Taylor):

To organise
the interaction between the learner and technology


Reflection
-
on
-
action Model (Shon, Dewey):
To
decide what reflective questions can be asked and
how



Mobile Learning at Fire and
Rescue Services



Research Goal and Questions



PORML Framework



Background



Expected Contributions

Underpinning Theories

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Semantic Description of
Location Data

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GML File
-

Semantic

OS Master Map from DigiMap

Image Map

Place
-

University of Leeds

Create

Coordinate (x,y)

For User

GPS Receiver

Coordinate

Ontology:



Mobile Learning at Fire and
Rescue Services



Research Goal and Questions



PORML Framework



Background



Expected Contributions

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

A novel framework for personalised mobile learning to
support FRS risk assessment training by integrating
on
-
the
-
job activities, location
-
based information, and
user’s experiences.


A prototype of a mobile application which uses
custom built services from the framework in an
illustrative FRS scenario.



Mobile Learning at Fire and
Rescue Services



Research Goal and Questions



Background



PORML Framework



Expected Contributions

Expected Contributions

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

Questions & Answers

Thank you!