A pioneering spirit for cutting-edge transport

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Dec 8, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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European
capital
UR B AN COMMUNI T Y
Crédits photos : E. Laemmel, F. Zvardon, Airdiasol - Imprimé sur papier recyclé
Strasbourg Urban Community
A pioneering spirit
for cutting-edge
transport
Tramway Bikes Innovative vehicles And tomorrow?
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UR B AN COMMUNI T Y
Contents
Located in the heart of Europe,
on the river Rhine, Strasbourg,
European capital, undertook an
innovative project by reintroducing
the modern tramway in the 1990s.
Hugely popular among residents, this means of
transport is now a key element in travel within the city.
It is an integral part of local authority policy in terms
of mobility, seeking to facilitate movement for all
within an urban space undergoing steady evolution.
In order to encourage the use of modes of transport
other than the private car, Strasbourg has continually
developed new transportation services, such as car-
pooling, community bikes, and rechargeable hybrid
vehicles. These concerns also impact our urban
planning policies, contributing to the optimisation
and development of our public transport network.
Finally, the implementation of a “street code” allows
us to rethink the city by allocating greater public space
to soft and active modes such as cycling and walking.
Our conurbation also benefi ts from initiatives
enabling it to pursue exchanges with our
German neighbours and to integrate itself into
a pilot European territory: the Eurodistrict.
Strasbourg is thus committed to the development
of a trans-border metropolis on both banks of the
Rhine, open to the world and adapted to the needs
of our fellow citizens, as illustrated by the future
introduction of a tramway crossing the Rhine to
connect Strasbourg with Kehl in Germany.
Strasbourg at the heart of Europe Page 3
The Strasbourg Tram Page 4
France’s leading cycle city Page 5
A more human city Page 6
Strasbourg and future mobility Page 7
Roland Ries
Mayor of Strasbourg
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A European rail crossroads
A
fter the TGV Est Européen and its connections to Paris, Lille and western France, the TGV Rhin-
Rhône is to begin operating in 2011. Strasbourg will then be the largest French city, other than Paris,
to be located at the crossroads of an east-west line and a north-south line in the heart of Europe.
Strasbourg, a metropolis on
both banks of the Rhine:
The Ecocité project “Strasbourg métropole des deux
rives” (Strasbourg, a metropolis on both banks) brings
together Strasbourg and the city of Kehl in Germany.
Its ambition is to establish the foundations of a
metropolis which is sustainable, attractive, inclusive,
and which looks outwards to the Rhine and to Europe:
a metropolis on both banks of the Rhine. This project
seeks to structure the heart of the metropolitan space in
relation to an urban region with the Rhine at its core.
The idea is to progress from a territory crossed by the
Rhine to a metropolis founded on both banks of the river.
Consistent with this project, our Public Transport
Masterplan (Schéma Directeur des Transports
Collectifs) represents an invaluable roadmap for the
development of the public transport network.
It notably provides for the extension
of tram line D to Kehl.
Strasbourg at the heart of Europe
Artist’s
impression
of Kehl station
terminus
Strasbourg
Paris
Lyon
December 2011
Marseille
Nice
Montpellier
Barcelona
Bordeaux
Rennes
Nantes
Roissy-Charles
de Gaulle
Brussels
Lille
Frankfurt
2011
Munich
Vienna
Budapest
Hamburg
Extension of tram line D
to Kehl in Germany
As a connection over the Rhine
between Strasbourg and Kehl,
tram line D will strengthen the
links between residents and act as
a driving force in the development
of trans-border interaction, within
the framework of the Strasbourg
– Ortenau Eurodistrict.
3
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UR B AN COMMUNI T Y
The Strasbourg tram
France’s largest network
To make the city more attractive, an
alternative to the car was needed
in 1989. The tram system was
selected. Its launch in 1994 would
have a profound impact on the
urban landscape of the Strasbourg
conurbation and win the enthusiastic
backing of the majority of its citizens.
W
ith this beautifully designed, modern,
practical and environmentally friendly
tramway, Strasbourg gained a pioneering
reputation.
It was one of the fi rst cities in France
to decide to bring back this means of
transport associated with the late 19
th

century, and to revolutionise its image.
Today, the Strasbourg conurbation
continues to set new records.
In November 2010, with its 55.5 km of track,
its 6 interconnected lines and 69 stations,
the network will be the longest in France.
The lowered fl oor of the carriages facilitates
access by persons of reduced mobility and
the boarding of children’s pushchairs, while
the large bay windows maintain passengers
at street level. The service is used by some
300,000 commuters every day. Over the
last fi fteen years, the tram has become the
centrepiece of a vast public transport policy
promoting alternatives to the automobile and
offering users various mobility combinations:
tram and bike, tram and walking, tram and
bus, tram and train, tram and car-pooling.
As the centrepiece of this “eco-mobility”
approach, the tram is also a key social asset
and a symbol for certain districts of their
rebirth and full integration into the city.
Multiple-mode
travel options
with Park
& Ride facilities
4
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France’s leading cycle city
Where the bicycle is king!
T
hrough its policy decisions in the field of
transport, Strasbourg now has a cycling
culture which sharply distinguishes
it from other major French cities.
By facilitating the circulation of cyclists, the
Alsatian capital is upholding a global vision
of urban mobility, intended to encourage the
abandonment of car use in the heart of the city
and surrounding districts, in favour of a variety
of other active modes
of travel. This approach
is part of a proactive
policy in terms of urban
mobility, health, sports
activities and sustainable
development.
4400 bikes are
provided across
the conurbation
‘Vélhop’, an innovative
shared bike scheme
S
trasbourg is currently seeking to extend its
range of initiatives in favour of bicycle use,
by introducing a new system of shared bikes.
The aim of this service is to make regular
bike use a more firmly anchored practice.
Beneficial to all, residents and visitors
alike, the Vélhop service is helping to
improve the quality of life in Strasbourg.
France’s largest
network, with
536 km of
cycle routes
5
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UR B AN COMMUNI T Y
A more human city
A pedestrianised city centre
S
ince 1980, the number of cars entering
Strasbourg city centre has fallen by 28%.
This is the result of a number of measures,
including the creation of traffi c loops in the
The “Street Code”
T
he Street Code is a project which aims to
provide more equitable sharing of urban
public space, favouring modes of transport
which use less energy, create lower levels
of pollution, and take up less room, i.e.
walking, cycling and public transport. This
‘street code’ initiative breaks down into
ten points, the most important of which
are as follows: hierarchical structuring of
the road network, the creation of social
meeting areas, the pedestrian masterplan,
experimenting with new urban design,
making schools safer, etc... This involves
rethinking the role of the individual in the
city: public space is no longer segmented for
each mode but shared harmoniously by all.
After
A place
for everyone
in the city
city centre,
an improved public transport network,
the introduction of paid parking,
and pedestrianisation of the heart of the city.
Before
6
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Strasbourg and the transport
systems of tomorrow
Cristal CATS
C
ATS is a project developed by Lohr
Industries. It operates on the basis
of the innovative Cristal system,
whose vehicles may be used:
- either by way of self-service (private use)
- or as shared transport (collective use
of vehicles which link up to a “small train”
driven by a skilled operator).
This means of transport enables optimal
adaptation to demand and addresses the
problems of imbalance experienced in
relation to self-service vehicle points.
In 2012, Strasbourg will be the first city in
the world to test this innovative system
under real operating conditions.
Strasbourg, selected for
the trial provision of
rechargeable hybrid vehicles
T
his project, overseen in partnership
with TOYOTA and EDF, an experimental
fleet of rechargeable hybrid vehicles
with a charging-point infrastructure,
for a period of three years.
One hundred rechargeable PRIUS cars are
being made available to companies and
administrative authorities as functional
or work vehicles, from late 2010.
Until now, this kind of technology has
never been tested in real operating
conditions on such a large scale and for
such an extended period. This trial, a
world first, is symbolic of Strasbourg’s
long-term commitment to developing
sustainable, alternative solutions.
The project is in
partnership with
TOYOTA and EDF
Artist’s
impression of the
Cristal system
7
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UR B AN COMMUNI T Y
UR B AN COMMUNI T Y
1 place de l’Étoile
67076 Strasbourg Cedex - France
Site internet : www.strasbourg.eu
Téléphone : +33 (0)3 88 60 90 90
Fax : +33 (0)3 88 60 91 00
Courriel : courrier@strasbourg.eu
Crédits photos : E. Laemmel, F. Zvardon, Airdiasol - Imprimé sur papier recyclé
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