Top Technical Reasons to Upgrade to Windows Server 2012

makeshiftklipInternet and Web Development

Oct 31, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

78 views


Overview of Windows Server 2012


Server Virtualization


Storage


Networking


Management and Automation


Web and Application Platform


Virtual Desktop Infrastructure


Identity
and Access


Competition

2

4

New

apps

Device
proliferation

Data
explosion

Cloud
computing

5

Beyond virtualization

Scale and secure workloads, cost
-
effectively build a private
cloud, and securely connect to cloud services

Every app, any cloud

Build on an open and scalable web platform that supports
applications across premises

Modern workstyle,
enabled

Support a mobile and flexible work style

The power of many
servers, the simplicity

of one

Efficiently manage infrastructure while maximizing uptime
and minimizing failures and downtime

Support for a
modern work
style


Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI): simplified management and reduced cost of
implementations


Optimized branch office wide area network (WAN) bandwidth use


Ability for remote users to more securely access internal resources without a virtual
private network (VPN)

Cost savings and
increased
efficiencies


Reduced storage costs with Storage Spaces and other storage enhancements


Increased server/administrator ratio through Windows PowerShell and multimachine
management


Increased uptime with Cluster
-
Aware Updating and transparent failover

Comprehensive
cloud
platform


Complete, built
-
in virtualization platform


Enterprise
-
class scale and performance, so you can virtualize every application


Ability to achieve business continuity with inbox disaster recovery solutions


Best
-
in
-
class hybrid cloud experience with a common set of technologies

6

Scenario capabilities

Virtualization

Storage

Web and application
platform

Management

and automation

VDI

Identity and access

Networking

Technical capabilities

7

CHALLENGES

Bigger,
faster, and more available virtual machines

Greater flexibility and agility to deliver solutions

Ability to handle complex storage and networking
requests

Removal of limits in virtual machine mobility

Support for new hardware technologies


Keep services up and running, and meet SLAs

Decrease capital and operational costs of infrastructure

U
se bigger, more capable servers more effectively

Protect and use existing investments and infrastructure

Maintain separation of resources in multitenant
environments

NEEDS

9

Dynamic memory
increase assigned to
virtual machines
to
increase capacity with
no downtime

Network
virtualization
for
multitenancy and IP
portability

Larger virtual
machines
to support
increased workloads

Open, extensible
switch
to help
support security and
management needs

10

11

VIRTUAL MACHINE
MOBILITY

Simultaneous live
migrations
ease
management
burdens

Shared
-
nothing
live
migration
enables
live
migration
between clusters

CONTINUOUS SERVICES

ISOLATION AND
MULTITENANCY

SCALE AND PERFORMANCE

OPEN AND EXTENSIBLE

Dynamic
Memory
increases
capacity
with no downtime

Network
Virtualization
supports
multitenancy
and IP
portability

Resource Metering
shows how many
resources each tenant
is using

Larger virtual
machines
support
increased workloads

Hardware
offloading
offers
better
performance
and scale

Open, extensible
switch
helps
support
security and
management needs

Increased support
for Windows
PowerShell
helps
increase automation

Clustering
enhancements
increase
availability

System

Resource

Maximum number

Improvement
factor

Windows 2008 R2

Windows Server
2012

Host

Logical processors on hardware

64

320

5
×

Physical memory

1 terabyte

4 terabytes

4
×

Virtual processors per host

512

1,024

2
×

Virtual
machine

Virtual processors per virtual machine

4

64

16
×

Memory per virtual machine

64 GB

1 terabyte

16
×

Active virtual machines

384

1,024

2.7
×

Virtual disk size

2 terabytes

64 terabytes

32
×

Cluster

Nodes

16

64

4
×

Virtual machines

1,000

4,000

4
×

12

Shared
-
nothing live migration

Ethernet

Benefits


Live migrate multiple virtual machines simultaneously with no limits (except bandwidth) in and out of a cluster


Live migrate virtual machine storage from one subsystem to another without downtime


Live migrate a virtual machine from one host to another with only an Ethernet connection


Migrate a virtual machine to a host in another location and network address range

with no change to its IP address

Complete virtual machine mobility options

Virtual machine mobility options

Microsoft

VMware

Windows
Server 2008 R2

Windows
Server 2012

vSphere 5.0

Enterprise Plus

1 GB simultaneous live migrations

1

Unlimited

4

10 GB simultaneous live migrations

1

Unlimited

8

Shared
-
nothing live migration

No

Yes

No

Network virtualization

No

Yes

Partner

13

Hyper
-
V Replica

Benefits


Ships as a component of Windows Server 2012 with no additional installation required


Host
-
based replication operates at the virtual machine level and is application agnostic


Storage agnostic

works with any combination of SAN, DirectAccess server, or Server Message Block 3.0 (SMB 3.0)


Works with both clustered and non
-
clustered environments

Site A


Primary location

Site B


Remote location

Disaster recovery
scenarios:


Planned, unplanned, and
test failover


Preconfiguration for IP
settings for
primary/remote location

14

CHALLENGES

Consolidate and maximize
use of existing storage
infrastructure

Control storage costs resulting from expanding data
requirements

Deliver an enterprise
-
class application storage solution
on cost
-
effective hardware

Deliver reliable, scalable, and continuously available
applications with automated
failure
recovery

F
lexible
and dynamic
datacenters
across premises

Guaranteed high levels of service level agreement
(SLA)

Less expensive storage solution

High performance, scalable, and reliable storage

Efficient management of
storage resources


NEEDS

16

17

ALWAYS ON,

ALWAYS UP SERVICES

CONTINUOUS APPLICATION AVAILABILITY

ENTERPRISE
-
CLASS
FEATURES ON LESS EXPENSIVE H
ARDWARE

Application storage
support
through SMB
3.0

Server Message Block (SMB)
Direct

Data D
eduplication

Storage Spaces

IMPROVED
PERFORMANCE AND
MORE CHOICE
THROUGH INDUSTRY
INNOVATION

Virtual Fibre Channel

for
Hyper
-
V

Windows Storage Server

Windows Cluster in a Box

Offloaded Data Transfers
(ODX)

SMB Transparent Failover

SMB Multichannel

Cluster
-
Aware

Updating (CAU)

File
system
e
nhancements

Online backup

SIMPLIFIED MANAGEABILITY

Unified storage

management

Management options

18

High availability with iSCSI and
NFS


Virtualization of storage with
Storage Pools and Storage
Spaces


Storage resilience and
availability with commodity
hardware


Resiliency and data
redundancy through

n
-
way mirroring (clustered or
unclustered) or parity mode
(unclustered)


Utilization optimized through
thin and trim provisioning and
enclosure awareness


Integration with other
Windows Server 2012
capabilities


Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
and Serial AT Attachment
(SATA) interconnects

Windows

V
irtualized

S
torage

Windows Application
Server
or File
Server

Physical
or

virtualized
deployments

Physical

S
torage

(Shared) SAS or SATA

Integrated
with other

Windows
Server 2012
capabilities

Storage Pool

Storage Pool

File Server Administration
Console

Hyper
-
V

Cluster Shared
Volume

Failover Clustering

SMB Multichannel

NFS

Windows Storage Mgmt.

NTFS

SMB Direct

19

Storage
Space

Storage
Space

Storage
Space

ENTERPRISE
-
CLASS
FEATURES ON LESS
EXPENSIVE HARDWARE


Highly available, shared
data store for
SQL
Server
databases and Hyper
-
V
workloads


Increased flexibility, and
easier provisioning and
management


Ability to take advantage
of existing network
infrastructure


No application downtime
for planned maintenance
or unplanned failures with
failover clustering


Highly available scale
-
out
file server


Built
-
in encryption
support


File Server
Cluster

Cluster Shared Volumes

Single File System Namespace

SMB

Single Logical Server
\
\
Foo
\
Share

RAID

Array

RAID

Array

RAID

Array

SAN

20

Windows

Virtualized

Storage

Physical

Storage

Storage Pool

Storage Pool

Storage
Space

Storage
Space

Storage
Space

ENTERPRISE
-
CLASS
FEATURES ON LESS
EXPENSIVE HARDWARE

Hyper
-
V Cluster

Microsoft

SQL
Server

CHALLENGES

Keep services resilient to underlying hardware
failures

Manage
complex network management solutions

Maximize use of resources in a multitenant
environment

Support new hardware technologies

Deliver better performance, higher density, lower
power consumption, and hardware offloading

Simplified networking infrastructure

Guaranteed high levels of service
l
evel agreement
(SLA)

Better
manageability, greater control, and more
extensibility

Continuously available
and resilient network
infrastructure

More flexible and agile solutions

NEEDS

22

Networking
solutions that
deliver
continuous
application
availability

Simplified
multitenant
network
infrastructure

High
-
performance
networking with
current and

next
-
generation
hardware

Operational
efficiency
through
simplified
manageability

23

Richer and more
diverse
ecosystem

NIC Teaming

Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol
(DHCP) failover

Private virtual local area
network (PVLAN)

Hyper
-
V Network
Virtualization

SIMPLIFIED
MULTITENANT INFRASTRUCTURE

OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY

RICHER

ECOSYSTEM

CONTINUOUS APPLICATION AVAILABILITY

Cross
-
premises
connectivity

Hyper
-
V Extensible
Switch

Hardware partners

Server Message Block
(SMB) 3.0 Multichannel

Quality of Service

(
QoS)

HIGH
-
PERFORMANCE
NETWORKING

SMB Direct

Single Root I/O
Virtualization (SR
-
IOV)

Receive
-
Side scaling
(RSS)

Receive Segment
Coalescing (RSC)

Dynamic Virtual
Machine Queue

(D
-
VMQ)

IP Address
Management (IPAM)

Resource Metering

Microsoft Windows
PowerShell

BranchCache

24


Run multiple virtual
servers on a physical
server


Each virtual machine
acts as though it is
running as a physical
server

Server Virtualization

Network Virtualization


Run multiple virtual
networks on a physical
network


Each virtual network
acts as though it is
running as physical
fabric

SQL Server

Web

Orange sees

SQL Server

Web

Blue sees

SQL Server

SQL Server

Web

Web

192.168.1.11

192.168.2.13

192.168.2.12

192.168.1.10

10.1.1.1

192.168.1.10

10.1.1.2

192.168.2.12

What’s really happening

192.168.n.n

PROVIDER ADDRESS SPACE (PA)

10.1.1.1

192.168.1.10

10.1.1.2

192.168.2.12

10.1.1.2

10.1.1.1

10.1.1.1

10.1.1.2

CUSTOMER ADDRESS SPACE

10.1.1.1

192.168.1.11

10.1.1.2

192.168.2.13

10.1.1.1

192.168.1.11

10.1.1.2

192.168.2.13

10.1.1.1

192.168.1.10

10.1.1.2

192.168.2.12

10.1.1.1

192.168.1.11

10.1.1.2

192.168.2.13

10.1.1.1

10.1.1.2

10.1.1.1

10.1.1.2

25

SIMPLIFIED
MULTITENANT
INFRASTRUCTURE

Virtual

adapters

Team
n
etwork
a
dapter

Team network
a
dapter

26


Provides network fault tolerance and
continuous availability when network adapters
fail by teaming multiple network interfaces


Vendor agnostic and shipped
inbox


Provides
local or remote management
through Windows PowerShell or UI


Enables teams of up to 32 network
adapters


Aggregates bandwidth
from multiple network
adapters


Includes multiple nodes: switch dependent
and independent

CONTINUOUS
APPLICATION
AVAILABILITY

File C
lient

SMB

Buffer

File S
erver

With RDMA

27

Without RDMA

App

Buffer

SMB

Buffer

OS

Buffer

Driver

Buffer

SMB

Buffer

OS

Buffer

Driver

Buffer

App

Buffer

SMB

Buffer


rNIC


rNIC

NIC

Adapter

Buffer


NIC

Adapter

Buffer

Adapter

Buffer

Adapter

Buffer

iWARP

InfiniBand

HIGH
-
PERFORMANCE
NETWORKING


Higher performance through offloading of
network I/O processing onto network adapter


Higher throughput with low latency and ability
to take advantage of high
-
speed networks
(such as InfiniBand and iWARP)


Remote storage at the speed of direct storage


Transfer rate of around 50 Gbps on a single
NIC port


Compatible with SMB Multichannel for load
balancing and failover

CHALLENGES

Provide greater
flexibility and scale in managing
physical and virtual server environments, both local
and remote

I
ncrease user options by automating more tasks and
servers

Work within budget limitations by developing a
standardized approach to managing server
environments



Meet an increasing demand for high
-
performance,
continuous services

Manage compute, storage, and networking across a
diverse datacenter ecosystem

Increase the efficiency of
managing servers while
still
controlling
costs





NEEDS

29

Standards
-
based
management

Robust

automation

Multiserver
management

Ecosystem
and
extensibility

30

Windows PowerShell 3.0

provides more features to allow more activities

to be automated across the server ecosystem

Windows Management Framework

provides a common platform for building

automation and integration incorporating PowerShell, WS
-
Management and WMI

STANDARDS
-
BASED MANAGEMENT

31

MULTISERVER
MANAGEMENT

ECOSYSTEM AND
EXTENSIBILITY

Server Manager
enables
a
multiserver
management
experience
that
builds
on the
standardized
approach to
management
and robust
automation
capabilities


Standardized
interfaces and
tools
extend the
interoperability
with

DevOps

Cross platform
capabilities
enable
automation
across the
datacenter

ROBUST AUTOMATION

Simplifies the
management

of
a diverse
ecosystem

Standard

models

Standard APIs

Standard
protocols

Windows

Management

Framework

32

Key features

Broader coverage


Rich management through
more than 2300
cmdlets


Windows PowerShell Web Access



Greater resiliency


Robust
session connectivity


Disconnected
sessions


Session
configuration files


Job
scheduling


Windows
PowerShell Workflow


More
intuitive


Integrated Scripting
Environment
3.0:

IntelliSense |
Code Snippets


Syntax simplification


Cmdlet
discovery and module
autoloading


Updatable help


Script
-
sharing

Higher performance


On
-
the
-
fly compilation

up to
six
times
faster


Performance improvements


33

ROBUST
AUTOMATION

CHALLENGES

Manage web applications and resources optimally

Operate flexible and dynamic datacenters across
premises

Reuse development skills and training

Protect and gain leverage from existing investments
and infrastructure

Meet an increasing demand for continuous services

Provide scalable and secure workloads that deliver on
agreed service levels

Increase website density with more secure tenant
isolation

Limit resource consumption and provide resource
sandboxing with metering

Use
and build tools and frameworks for next
-
generation applications, including open source
tools

NEEDS

35

Multitenant high
-
density websites

High
-
performance
web applications

Consistent and
repeatable
configurations

Ecosystem
and
extensibility

36

37

Application
Initialization
improves
user experience of first
requests

CPU throttling
helps
ensure that
no
single
web
application
affects
the
performance of
others

Dynamic FTP and IP
restrictions
set policies
to block unwanted
access

Server Name Indication
(SNI)
allows high
-
density
sites that are
more secure

Non
-
Uniform Memory
Architecture (NUMA)
takes advantage of
hardware that has
complex specifications

Centralized SSL store
dynamically maps sites
to certificates

MUTLTENANT HIGH
-
DENSITY WEBSITES

CONSISTENT AND
REPEATABLE
CONFIGURATIONS

ECOSYSTEM AND
EXTENSIBILITY

Configuration
Editor
provides a
rich,
visual
method to edit web
configurations
and
create repeatable
actions

Shared
configuration
helps ensure
consistency across web
farms

Provides
a

common
development
platform

across clouds

Embraces web
standards

to work
more easily
with PHP
and node.js

HIGH
-
PERFORMANCE WEB APPLICATIONS

Features for enabling and
managing the multitenant
environment


Server
Name
Indicator


Centralized
SSL
Certificate Support


NUMA
scalability


Isolation and
security

Scalability

Centralized
support

Simplified
management

Extensibility

Windows Server
2012

Challenges for running high
-
density
websites

Shared infrastructure

Site A



ns

SQL

Site B



ns

SQL

Site N



ns

SQL

38

MUTLTENANT

HIGH
-
DENSITY
WEBSITES

Benefits


Reduces your training costs and
takes advantage of existing
development
skill sets


Engages with
a
large ecosystem of
partners and solution offerings


Creates applications that run on
best
-
fit platforms

Build symmetrical and hybrid
apps
on
-
premises and in the cloud

39

Uses
the same development
tools
across Windows

Server
2012 and Windows

Azure

Programming
symmetry

Common
development
tools

Offers Microsoft .NET
developers a complete
environment to build
applications that span across
clouds for a rich development
experience

ECOSYSTEM

AND

EXTENSIBILITY

CHALLENGES

Enable user
access to corporate
applications
and data
from
unmanaged
devices and locations

Balance
user requirements with corporate compliance


Protect against loss and leaks of sensitive
corporate
data

Reduce
cost and time to deploy new
applications and
updates

Easily and centrally administer and manage
desktops
and
applications

Reduce consumption of
bandwidth
by
remote users

NEEDS

41

42

User Profile Disk
maintains user
personalization in
pooled deployments

Fair Share
dynamically
distributes bandwidth,
CPU, and disk use

Multiple storage
options
support direct
-
attached, network
-
attached, or storage area
network (SAN) storage
of virtual machines

Easy deployment
automates deploying
and configuring server
roles

Unified administration
uses a single, integrated
console for management

Streamlined
management
helps IT
manage pooled and
personal virtual
machines

EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT

43

RICH USER EXPERIENCE

USB redirection
enables access to
locally attached devices
in remote desktops

RemoteFX for wide
area network (WAN)
dynamically detects
network conditions and
tunes experience

Seamless experience
supports multitouch,
new Windows
Experience, and Start
menu integration

Graphics processing
unit (GPU) support
for
both physical and
software GPUs

BEST VALUE FOR VDI

Maintain user
personalization
in pooled
deployments

Dynamically
distribute
bandwidth, CPU,
and disk use

Support direct, attached, network, or
SAN storage of virtual machines

44

User Profile Disk

Multiple storage
options

Fair Share

High availability
for all roles

Hardware
and software
GPUs

Rich
multimedia

USB
redirection

Multitouch

WAN acceleration

Single sign
-
on

Corporate LAN

RemoteFX delivers a consistently
rich

user experience to users over
LAN or
WAN

(regardless
of deployment model)

RICH

USER
EXPERIENCE

45

Internet or WAN

CHALLENGES

Enabling infrastructure for the private cloud

Keeping the infrastructure manageable

Maintaining data security

Meeting end
-
user demands for a flexible work style

Move to the cloud

Consumer
-
driven workforce

Exponential data growth and distribution

Compliance with governmental and industry
regulations



NEEDS

47

48

Dynamic Access
Control

Active Directory
virtualization

Active Directory
cloning

Kerberos
constrained
delegation

Private VLAN

Multitenant
security and
isolation

Classification

DirectAccess

Simpler
deployment of
Active Directory

Domain Name
System Security
Extensions

49

Classification

Access control

Auditing

Rights
Management
Services protection


Files inherit classification
tags from parent folder


File owners tag files
manually


Files are tagged
automatically


Files are tagged by
applications


Central access policies
are based on
classification


Access conditions for
user claims, device
claims, and file tags are
based on expressions


Assistance is available for
denial of access


Central audit policies can
be applied across
multiple file servers


Audits for user claims,
device claims, and file
tags are based on
expressions


Audits can be staged to
simulate policy changes
in a real environment


Automatic Rights
Management Services
(RMS) protection is
available for Microsoft
Office documents


Protection is
in near
-
real

time
when a file is
tagged


RMS protection extends
to files not created in
Microsoft Office

DYNAMIC

ACCESS

CONTROL

50

Enables dynamic cloud access

Ease of

deployment


Express setup wizard


Ability to work with existing
network equipment


Connectivity to IPv4 and IPv6
servers


Deployment mode supporting
only remote management of
mobile computers


Improved

manageability


Unified remote access
management experience


Enriched experience for
monitoring remote client activity
and status


Reporting and accounting
capabilities for audit/compliance


Rich Windows PowerShell
management interface


Enhanced troubleshooting tools


Enabling new

scenarios


Multisite and hybrid cloud


Support for one
-
time password
and Trusted Platform Module
authentication


Provisioning support for off
-
premises clients


Deployment of DirectAccess
server behind network address
translation device




Improved scale

and performance


Support for high availability and
external load balancers


Improved performance in
virtualized environments


Dramatically more users per
server

51

Beyond virtualization

Scale and secure workloads, cost
-
effectively build a private
cloud, and securely connect to cloud services

Every app, any cloud

Build on an open and scalable web platform that supports
applications across premises

Support a mobile and flexible work style

Modern workstyle,
enabled

The power of many
servers, the simplicity

of one

Efficiently manage infrastructure while maximizing uptime
and minimizing failures and downtime

52

53

Microsoft

VMware

Windows

Server

2008 R2

Windows Server

2012

vSphere 5.0

Enterprise

Plus

Category

Resource

Scalability,

performance,

density

Virtual
machine

Active virtual

machines
per host

384

1,024

512

Memory per virtual

machine

64 GB

1 terabyte

1 terabyte

Virtual processors

per virtual
machine

4

64

32

Cluster

Maximum nodes

16

64

32

Maximum virtual machines

1,000

4,000

3,000

Network

High

performance with SR
-
IOV

No

Yes

No

Storage

Native 4

KB

disk support

No

Yes

No

Maximum

virtual disk size

2 terabytes

64 terabytes

2 terabytes

Encrypted cluster storage

No

Yes

No

Secure multitenancy

Open extensible switch

No

Yes

No

Flexible infrastructure

1 GB

simultaneous live migrations

1

Unlimited

4

10 GB
simultaneous live migrations

1

Unlimited

8

Shared
-
nothing live migration

No

Yes

No

Network virtualization

No

Yes

Partner

High availability

Virtual

machine r
eplication

No

Yes

No

Guest

OS a
pplication monitoring

Yes

Yes

Partner

Guest clustering with live migration

No

Yes

No

Advantages over VMware

55

Get the evaluation

56

Microsoft Server and Cloud Platform:

http
://
www.microsoft.com/en
-
us/server
-
cloud/windows
-
server/2012
-
default.aspx

Microsoft Learning:

http
://www.microsoft.com/learning/


Microsoft Virtual
Academy:

http
://www.microsoftvirtualacademy.com


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