Chapter 1: Basic Introduction to Computers

madbrainedmudlickAI and Robotics

Oct 20, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Chapter 1: Basic Introduction to Computers

Instruction:

Change the text colour of the space beneath each question to reveal the answer. An example
is given for Question 1.


MULTIPLE CHOICE


1.


Computer ____ entails having the knowledge and understanding
of computers and their uses.

a.

literacy

c.

legitimacy

b.

intimacy

d.

infancy



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

5




2.

A(n) ____ is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own
memory, that can accept data, process the data
according to specified rules, produce results, and
store the results for future use.

a.

input device

c.

output device

b.

computer

d.

both a and c



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

6


3.

____ is a collection of unprocessed items, which can include text, numbers,
images, audio, and
video.

a.

Data

c.

Information

b.

Output

d.

Input



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

6


4.

____ conveys meaning and is useful to people.

a.

Data

c.

Input

b.

Information

d.

Output



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

6


5.

A(n) ____ device is any hardware component

that allows you to enter data and instructions into a
computer.

a.

output

c.

input

b.

communications

d.

terminal



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

6


6.

Some people refer to the series of input, process, output, and storage activities of a computer as
the ____
processing cycle.

a.

data

c.

output

b.

input

d.

information



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

6


7.

A computer contains many electric, electronic, and mechanical components known as ____.

a.

software

c.

output

b.

input devices

d.

hardware



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

6


8.

The ____ unit is a case that contains electronic components of the computer that are used to
process data.

a.

control

c.

arithmetic

b.

system

d.

base



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

7


9.

The ____ is the electronic component that interprets and carries out the
basic instructions that
operate the computer.

a.

motherboard

c.

processor

b.

control unit

d.

arithmetic unit



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

7


10.

____ consists of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed and data
needed by those
instructions.

a.

The processor

c.

The control unit

b.

The CPU

d.

Memory



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

7


11.

A(n) ____ device is any hardware component that conveys information to one or more people.

a.

input

c.

terminal

b.

communications

d.

output



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

7



12.

A computer keeps data, instructions, and information on ____ media such as hard disks, like the
one shown in the accompanying figure, and on USB flash drives, optical discs, and memory
cards.

a.

storage

c.

communications

b.

input

d.

output



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

8


13.

A(n) ____ device records (writes) and/or retrieves (reads) items to and from a USB flash drive,
for example.

a.

USB

c.

indexing

b.

storage

d.

dynamic



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

8


14.

A hard disk provides much ____.

a.

less
storage capacity than a CD

b.

less storage capacity than a USB flash drive

c.

greater storage capacity than a CD but less than a USB flash drive

d.

greater storage capacity than a USB flash drive



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

8


15.

A widely used communications

device is a ____.

a.

modem

c.

USB flash drive

b.

CD drive

d.

DVD drive



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

8


16.

A(n) ____ device is a hardware component that enables a computer to send (transmit) and receive
data, instructions, and information to and from one or
more computers.

a.

reading

c.

communications

b.

transmitting

d.

reception



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

8


17.

A computing phrase


known as ____


points out that the accuracy of a computer’s output
depends on the accuracy of the input.

a.

what you see is what
you get

c.

nothing ventured, nothing gained

b.

garbage in, garbage out

d.

better safe than sorry



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

9


18.

All of the following are advantages of using computers EXCEPT ____.

a.

speed

c.

communications

b.

impact on labor force

d.

consistency



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

9


19.

A(n) ____ is anyone who communicates with a computer or utilizes the information it generates.

a.

user

c.

manager

b.

editor

d.

programmer



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

9


20.

____ computing involves reducing the
electricity consumed and environmental waste generated
when using a computer.

a.

Green

c.

Streamlined

b.

Universal

d.

Comprehensive



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

10




21.

A(n) ____ is a collection of computers and devices connected together, as shown in the
accompanying figure, via communications devices and transmission media.

a.

client base

c.

network

b.

baseline

d.

server farm



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

10


22.

Networks, such as that pictured in the accompanying figure, allow computers to share ____, such
as
hardware, software, data, and information.

a.

resources

c.

links

b.

systems

d.

media



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

10


23.

When a computer connects to a network, such as that pictured in the accompanying figure, the
computer is ____.

a.

linked

c.

resourced

b.

inline

d.

online



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

10




24.

On a network, the major differences between the server (like the one in the accompanying figure)
and the client computers are that the server ordinarily has ____.

a.

less power, less storage space, and
decreased communication capabilities

b.

less power, less storage space, but expanded communication capabilities

c.

more power, more storage space, but decreased communication capabilities

d.

more power, more storage space, and expanded communication
capabilities



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

10


25.

A(n) ____ like the one in the accompanying figure controls access to the hardware, software, and
other resources on a network and also provides a centralized storage area for programs, data, and
information.

a.

server

c.

client

b.

mainframe

d.

terminal



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

25


26.

The ____ is a worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government
agencies, educational institutions, and individuals.

a.

Web

c.

Newsnet

b.

Net

d.

Internet



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

11






27.

People around the world use the Internet to ____.

a.

communicate with and meet other people

b.

shop for goods and services

c.

access sources of information and leisure

d.

all of the above



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

12


28.

By subscribing to a(n) ____, you can use your computer and a communications device, such as a
modem, to connect to the many services of the Internet.

a.

mainframe

c.

access provider

b.

instant messaging service

d.

ASP



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

12


29.

A Web site is ____.

a.

a collection of related Web pages

b.

the location from which a Web page originates

c.

the source of a Web page

d.

an author of a Web page



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

13


30.

The Web contains ____ of documents called Web pages.

a.

thousands

c.

billions

b.

millions

d.

trillions



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

13


31.

In a photo sharing ____, users can create an online photo album and store their digital
photographs.

a.

exchange

c.

community

b.

market

d.

application



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

14


32.

____ consist(s) of a series of instructions that tells the computer what to do and how to do it.

a.

GUIs

c.

Sharing communities

b.

Storage utilities

d.

Software



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

15


33.

With a(n) ____, users interact with the software using text,

graphics, and visual images such as
icons.

a.

GUI

c.

HUI

b.

DUI

d.

BUI



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

15






34.

You interact with a program through its ____, which controls how you enter data and instructions
and how information is displayed on the screen.

a.

operating system

c.

user interface

b.

storage

d.

icon



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

15


35.

Two categories of software are ____.

a.

operating system and system software

b.

system software and utility programs

c.

utility programs and operating systems

d.

system

software and application software



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

15


36.

____ is the process of setting up the software to work with the computer, printer, and other
hardware components.

a.

Running

c.

Loading

b.

Installing

d.

Leading



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

16


37.

The trend of computers and devices with technologies that overlap is known as ____.

a.

indexing

c.

concatenation

b.

coalescence

d.

convergence



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

18


38.

Popular programming languages include ____.

a.

C++

c.

JavaScript

b.

Visual C#

d.

All of the above



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

18


39.

A(n) ____ computer is a computer that can perform all of its input, processing, output, and
storage activities by itself.

a.

mainline

c.

personal

b.

mainframe

d.

terminal



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

19


40.

The
term, ____, refers to any personal computer based on the original IBM personal computer
design.

a.

Macintosh

c.

clone

b.

PC
-
friendly

d.

PC
-
compatible



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

19


41.

A(n) ____ computer is a type of personal computer designed so the system
unit, input devices,
and any other devices fit entirely on or under a desk or table.

a.

desktop

c.

encapsulated

b.

mobile

d.

handheld



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

20


42.

A ____ computer targets a specific audience and offers high
-
quality audio, video, and
graphics
with optimal performance for sophisticated single
-
user and networked or Internet multiplayer
games.

a.

multiplayer

c.

handheld

b.

gaming desktop

d.

All of the above



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

20


43.

A(n) ____ computer is a personal computer that
users can carry from place to place.

a.

integrated

c.

mobile

b.

desktop

d.

encapsulated



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

20


44.

A(n) ____ computer is a portable, personal computer designed to fit on your lap.

a.

handtop

c.

PDA

b.

desktop

d.

notebook



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

20


45.

One design of Tablet PC, called a ____ tablet, has an attached keyboard.

a.

convertible

c.

slate

b.

handheld

d.

mobile



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

21


46.

Examples of mobile technology include all of the following EXCEPT ____.

a.

digital cameras

c.

smart phones

b.

portable media players

d.

servers



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

21


47.

Which of the following is NOT true of mobile devices?

a.

You often can connect a mobile device to a personal computer to exchange information
between the computer and the
mobile device.

b.

Some mobile devices are Internet
-
enabled, meaning they can connect to the Internet
wirelessly.

c.

Mobile devices usually have disk drives.

d.

Because of their reduced size, the screens on mobile devices are small, but usually are in
color.



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

21


48.

Offering the convenience of one
-
handed operation, a(n) ____ phone is an Internet
-
enabled
telephone that usually also provides PDA capabilities.

a.

text

c.

instant

b.

smart

d.

messaging



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

21






49.

Each of the following is a popular type of mobile device EXCEPT ____.

a.

handheld computers

c.

smart phones

b.

PDAs

d.

mainframes



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

21


50.

Resembling a letter
-
sized slate, the ____ PC is a special type of notebook computer that
allows
users to write or draw on the screen.

a.

Tablet

c.

Slate

b.

Letter

d.

Matrix



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

21


51.

With a(n) ____, users write on the screen or issue instructions to a Tablet PC, for example, by
tapping on the screen.

a.

graphic tool

c.

digital pen

b.

stylus

d.

keypad



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

21


52.

A(n) ____ is a computer small enough to fit in one hand.

a.

PDM

c.

LPM

b.

uPX

d.

UMPC



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

22


53.

A(n) ____ is an electronic version of a printed book, readable on computers
and other digital
devices.

a.

PPA

c.

digibook

b.

e
-
book

d.

compulibro



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

22


54.

A(n) ____ message is a real
-
time Internet communication, where you exchange messages with
other connected users.

a.

video

c.

instant

b.

camera

d.

photo



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

22


55.

Standard ____ use a handheld controller(s) as an input device; a television screen as an output
device; and hard disks, optical discs, and/or memory cards for storage.

a.

game consoles

c.

smart phones

b.

ultra personal
computers

d.

servers



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

24


56.

A(n) ____ console is a mobile computing device designed for single
-
player or multiplayer video
games.

a.

video

c.

entertainment

b.

multimedia

d.

game



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

24


57.

____ are large,
expensive, powerful computers that can handle hundreds or thousands of
connected users simultaneously and store tremendous amounts of data, instructions, and
information.

a.

Embedded computers

c.

Mainframes

b.

Supercomputers

d.

Mobile devices



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

25


58.

____ are the fastest, most powerful computers


and the most expensive.

a.

Desktop computers

c.

Midrange servers

b.

Notebook computers

d.

Supercomputers



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

25


59.

Most major corporations use ____ for business
activities.

a.

embedded computers

c.

mainframes

b.

supercomputers

d.

mobiles devices



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

25


60.

____ are capable of processing more than 1 quadrillion instructions in a single second.

a.

Desktop computers

c.

Midrange servers

b.

Notebook computers

d.

Supercomputers



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

25


61.

Because ____ are components in larger products, they usually are small and have limited
hardware.

a.

telematics

c.

handhelds

b.

embedded computers

d.

smart watches



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

26


62.

A(n) ____ computer is a special
-
purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger
product.

a.

hard
-
coded

c.

soft

b.

embedded

d.

indexed



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

26


63.

Together, hardware, software, data, people, and procedures comprise a(n)
____ system.

a.

telematics

c.

smart

b.

comprehensive

d.

information



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

27


64.

All of the following are categories of users EXCEPT ____.

a.

home users

c.

mobile users

b.

enterprise users

d.

communications users



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

28






65.

At home, every family member, or home ____, spends time on the computer for different reasons.

a.

player

c.

manager

b.

user

d.

surfer



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

28


66.

With ____ software, a home user can play games, compose music, research
genealogy, or create
greeting cards.

a.

reference

c.

entertainment

b.

educational

d.

systems



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

29


67.

____ include local law practices, accounting firms, travel agencies, and florists.

a.

Mobile users

c.

Large business users

b.

Small

offices

d.

Power users



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

30


68.

A(n) ____ includes any company with fewer than 50 employees, as well as the self
-
employed
who work from home.

a.

large business user

c.

SOHO

b.

enterprise user

d.

Any of the above



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

30


69.

Many small office/home office users have entered the ____ arena and conduct business on the
Web.

a.

Web cam

c.

enterprise

b.

e
-
commerce

d.

reselling



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

30


70.

Small business Web sites sometimes use a(n) ____ to show the world
a live view of some aspect
of their business.

a.

camera pill

c.

Web cam

b.

dynamic vid

d.

IT camera



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

30


71.

Increasingly more employees and students are ____ users, who work on a computer while away
from a main office, home office,
or school.

a.

SOHO

c.

mobile

b.

power

d.

key



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

31


72.

A(n) ____ user is a category of user that requires the capabilities of a workstation or other
powerful computer.

a.

SOHO

c.

mobile

b.

power

d.

key



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

31


73.

Many large companies use the term, ____ computing, to refer to the huge network of computers
that meets their diverse computing needs.

a.

diversity

c.

corporate

b.

enterprise

d.

leadership



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

32


74.

____ is a work arrangement in which
employees work away from a company’s standard
workplace and often communicate with the office through the computer.

a.

CAM

c.

Telemetrics

b.

Mobile labor

d.

Telecommuting



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

32


75.

Each employee or customer who uses a computer in a
large business is a(n) ____ user.

a.

multinational

c.

global

b.

telematic

d.

enterprise



ANS:

D

PTS:

1

REF:

32


76.

In a large business, the employees in the ____ department keep the computers and the network
running.

a.

IT

c.

accounting

b.

Web

d.

system



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

32


77.

With ____, users access account balances, pay bills, and copy monthly transactions from a bank’s
computer right into their personal computers.

a.

online investing

c.

neural networks

b.

online banking

d.

All of the
above



ANS:

B

PTS:

1

REF:

34


78.

Investors often use ____ to buy and sell stocks and bonds


without using a broker.

a.

online investing

c.

neural networks

b.

online banking

d.

All of the above



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

35


79.

A(n) ____ is a system that
attempts to imitate the behavior of the human brain.

a.

human webnet

c.

neural network

b.

online matrix

d.

cerebral terminal



ANS:

C

PTS:

1

REF:

36


80.

____ refers to the use of computers to assist with manufacturing processes such as fabrication and
assembly.

a.

CAM

c.

POS

b.

CAP

d.

TAC



ANS:

A

PTS:

1

REF:

38