Library Management Systems? - Ning

luckyhillockData Management

Nov 29, 2012 (4 years and 6 months ago)

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LIBRARY ASSOCIATIONS
-
ESTABLISHED YEAR
-
HEADQUARTER

Sr.
No.

Title

Year

Place


AMERICAN LIBRARY ASSOCIATION

1876

CHICAGO



LIBRARY ASSOCIATION(UK)

1977

LONDON


SPECIAL LIBRARY ASSOCIATION(SLA)US

1909

WASHINGTO
N


INDIAN LIBRARY ASSOCIATION(ILA)

1933

NEW
DELHI


INDIAN ASSOCIATION OF SPECIAL LIBRARIES
AND INFORMATION CENTERS(IASLIC)

1955

CALCUTTA


INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF LIBRARY
ASSOCIATIONS (IFLA)
--

1927

THE HAUGE


COMMONWEALTH LIBRARY ASSOCIATION
(COMLA)

1972

KINGSTON



ASSOCIATION FOR
INFORMATION
MANAGEMENT
(ASLIB)

1924

LONDON


INDIAN ASSOCIATION OF TEACHERS OF
LIBRARY AND INFORMATION
SCIENCES(IATLIS)

1969




INDEXING SYSTEMS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTOR

CHAIN INDEX




S.R.RANGANATHAN

PRECIS




DEREK AUSTIN

POPSI





G.BHA
TTACHARYA

UNITERM
INDEXING


M.TAUBE

KEYWORD INDEXING


H.P.LUHN

CITATION INDEXING


EU
GINE GARFIELD

SUBJECT INDEXING


M.E.SEARS

SLIC INDEXING



J.R.SHARP

AUTOMATIC INDEXING


HERBERT OHLMAN

THESAURAS




P.M.ROGET



CLASSIFICATION SCHEMES AND YEAR OF PUBLICATION

Dewey Decimal
Classification


1
876

Expansive Classificatgion




1891

Libr
ary of congress Classification


1904

Un
iversal Decimal Classification


1905

Subject Classification




1906

Colon Classification




193
3

Bibliographic Classification



1935

Riders Interna
tion Clas
sification


1961

Broad System of Ordering



1978

MANAGEMENT THEORIES AND THEIR PROFOUNDERS

Scie
ntific Management Principles



F.W. Tay
lor

Principles of Management




Henry F
ayol

Management by Objectives




Peter Drucker

Hierarchy of Need Theory




A
.Maslaw

Theory X and Theory Y




D. McGrego
r

Motivation Hygien approach




F. Herzberg

So
cial Realation of Management



Elton Mayo



Internet Related Questions



• What is INTERNET?

Ans:
Internet is the world's largest computer network, the "network of
networks".
Scattered all over the world


• When was the INTERNET Created?

Ans:
It was created thirty six years ago as a project of U.S Department of Defense,


• What Internet service provider (ISP)?

Ans:
It is the companies that provide INTERNET access.



• What is WWW?

Ans:
It is the system based hypertext and HTTP for providing organizing and accessing
wide verity of resources that are available by the INTERNET.


• What is web page?

Ans:
It is a unit of information often called a document that is availab
le over the WWW.

• Name the protocol that allows a computer to use the TCP/IP protocol and connected directly to
the Net using a standard voice telephone line and high speed modem:

Ans:
P P P (point
-
to
-
point protocol)]

• It is a software program that acts
as an interface between the user and WWW what is it?

Ans:
Web Browser

• Name two different type of Web Browser:

Ans:
Text
-
based browser and Graphical Browser

• It collects and organizes resources that are available via the WWW, and designed to provide a
st
arting point for locating information. Name it:

Ans:
Web Index

• It is an interactive tool that enables to locate information available via Name it:

Ans:
Search Engine

• It is unique, numeric identifier used to specify a particular host computer on a parti
cular
network, and is part of a global , standard’s scheme of identifying machines that are connected
with INTERNET Name it:

Ans:
IP Address (Internet Protocol)

• It is the way of identify and locate computers connected to the INTERNET Name it:

Ans:
Domain

Name

• It provides hierarchical way of identifying and locating INTERNET resources on the WWW
Name It:

Ans:
Uniform Resources Locater (URL)

• A binding document signed by all users that explains the rules of INTERNET use at an
institution. Name it:

Ans:
Acceptable user policy (AUP)

• What is gopher?

Ans:
It is a protocol designed to search, retrieve and display documents from remote site on
the Internet

• It is an Internet search tool that has the capability of searching many databases at one time.
Name i
t:

Ans: Wide area information service (WAIS)


What is FTP (file transfer protocol?)

Ans:
The medium that allows transferring of files between computers on the net using an
FTP program or via Netscape


What is E
-
Journal?

Ans:
It is an electronics publicat
ions, typically found in academic circles

• What is NNTP?

Ans:
Network News Transport Protocol
-
This is used to distribute network news

• Name the security feature that allows access to information on an individual basis:

Ans:
Authentication


MIPS is an
acronym for:

Ans:
Millions of instructions per second


The duplicate copy of data/program on a separate storage medium is called:

Ans
: Back up


A center processor placed on a semi
-
conductor chip is called as a:

Ans:
Microprocessor


Who invented the modem?

Ans:
AT&T Information System, USA


Which is standard internet protocol for distributing E
-
Mail?

Ans:
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)


The computer generated environment is called:

Ans:
Virtual


Who coined the term hypertext in
1965?


Ans:
Ted Nelson


Which protocol provides basis for the net?

Ans:
Internet Protocol

IP

INSPEC (Information Service for the Physics and Engineering Community)

The Inspec database is an invaluable information resource , contains nearly 13 million abstracts
and specialized

i
ndexing to the world's quality research literature in the fields of physics and engineering.
…................IMP



published by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) [ formerly by the Institution
of Electrical

Engineers (IEE),] London



1898



IEE started the publication of “Science Abstracts” in January 1898
….....................................IMP



Inspec was started in 1967

as an outgrowth of the
Science Abstracts

service



Coverage Subjects : Physics, Computer science,

Mechanical
engineering, Electrical
engineering, Electronic

engineering, Communications,

Control engineering, Information technology, Manufacturing,

Mechanical engineering



It's Update frequency is Weekly



Since 1967, electronic access to
Science Abstracts

has been
provided by INSPEC



Access to INSPEC is currently by the Internet through
Inspec Direct

from
2008.................................IMP



Summer 2005 saw Inspec accredited with the ISO9001:2000 quality standard for its production
system.

Inspec landmarks [I
ts r details , not necessary to remember all of it.]

1960s



1964
-

Current Papers for the Professional and Electrical and Electronics Engineer launched;



1966
-

Control Abstracts
-

Science Abstracts Section C launched;



1966
-

Current Papers in Control and Current Papers in Physics launched;



1967
-

INSPEC launched;



1969
-

Computerized

production system;



1969
-

Control Abstracts becomes Computer and Control Abstracts.

1970s



1970
-

INSPEC Magnetic Tape Service intr
oduced;



1970
-

SDI and Topics Services launched;



1971
-

INSPEC Treatment Codes introduced;



1972
-

August
-

First issue of INSPEC Matters;



1973
-

January
-

INSPEC Thesaurus and Unified Classification Scheme introduced;



1973
-

September
-

INSPEC go
es online at Lockheed DIALOG via the Tymeshare network in
the USA;



1974
-

INSPEC goes online at CISTI and at ESA
-
IRS;



1974
-

September
-

1000th issue of Physics Abstracts;



1974
-

October
-

Physics Abstracts reaches one million abstracts;



1975
-

Key Abstracts series launched
-

6 titles;



1977
-

INSPEC goes online at BRS;



1978
-

INSPEC goes online at SDC Orbit and FIZ Karlsruhe.

1980s



1981
-

April
-

Electrical and Electronics Abstracts reaches 1000th issue;



1982
-

March
-

Inspec reac
hes 2 million records;



1983
-

IT Focus launched (Section D of the database);



1983
-

August
-

Electrical and Electronics Abstracts reaches one million abstracts;



1984
-

July Physics Abstracts reaches two million abstracts;



1984
-

September
-

Inspec
extends coverage to IEEE standards;



1984
-

October
-

Japan Update
-

weekly updating service introduced;



1985
-

Treatment code R ('Product Reviews') introduced;



1986
-

April
-

Inspec available on STN;



1987
-

January
-

Inspec

reload on ESA
-
IRS. File now goes back to 1969;



1987
-

Chemical and numerical data indexing introduced;



1987
-

Inspec reaches three million records;



1988
-

January
-

Key Abstracts series increased to 18 titles;



1988
-

January
-

Topics and SDI servi
ce revamped
-

output now laser printed;



1988
-

June
-

Inspec Thesaurus available on STN;



1989
-

June
-

Database Upgrade Project completed. Revised database named INSPEC2.

1990s



1990
-

November
-

INSPEC2 loaded on DIALOG;



1990
-

December
-

INSPEC2 l
oaded on STN;



1991
-

March
-

INSPEC2 loaded on Data
-
Star;



1991
-

September
-

Inspec Ondisc (produced by UMI) launched;



1991
-

October
-

Inspec reaches four million records;



1992
-

Weekly updating of Tape Service introduced;



1992
-

Correction Tape

Service introduced;



1993
-

First loading of corrected records on Data
-
Star and ESA
-
IRS;



1993
-

November
-

Inspec available on OCLC's EPIC and FirstSearch Services;



1993
-

December
-

Inspec wins best Information Product from the European Online User
Group for the quality

Enhancements

made to INSPEC2;



1994
-

Inspec's Document Delivery Service (run by Ask*IEEE) introduced;



1995
-

January
-

FIZ Kahlsruhe and INSPEC merge the INSPEC and PHYS databases;



1995
-

January
-

Astronomical Object Indexing introduced;



1995
-

June
-

Inspec reaches five million records;



1995
-

December
-

site licences (hard disc) made available from SilverPlatter;



1996
-

Inspec extends coverage to electronic journals;



1996
-

Site Licences (hard disc) made available from Ovid;



1997
-

Institute of Physics links cited references in journal articles to Inspec records;



1997
-

Inspec goes online at QUESTEL;



1998
-

Inspec US Marketing Office moves to new location;



199
8
-

June
-

Inspec announces New Windows CD
-
ROM (produced by Headfast);



1998
-

August
-

Inspec reaches six million records;



1998
-

October
-

Inspec national site licence made available for academic institutions in the
United Kingdom and the

Republic of
Ireland.

2000s



2000
-

January
-

Electronic delivery (via e
-
mail in HTML format) of INSPEC's fortnightly
Topics and SDI service;



2000
-

February
-

Inspec® made available via ScienceDirect®;



2000
-

March
-

Prominent IEE Journals made available via Silv
erPlatter's SilverLinker®;



2001
-

August
-

Inspec reaches seven million records;



2002
-

Inspec available on Web of Knowledge;



2002
-

Inspec available on EBSCOhost;



2003
-

December
-

Section E: manufacturing and production engineering added;



2003
-

Inspec sales office opened in Hong Kong;



2004
-

Inspec Archive (Science Abstracts 1898
-

1968) produced;



2004
-

Inspec reaches eight million records;



2008
-

Inspec Direct launched;



2008
-

Inspec reaches ten million records.

Medical Literature Ana
lysis and Retrieval System (MEDLARS )

• It is premier bibliographic database in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

• Since
1879, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) has published
Index Medicus
, a
monthly guide to

medical

articles in thousands of journals.

• It was launched by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) in 1964 as a computerised
system

known as MEDLARS.

• In 1971 an online version called MEDLINE

• The National Library of Medicine (NLM), on the campus of
the National Institutes of Health in

Bethesda, Maryland, is the world's largest medical library.

• MEDLINE is the primary component of PubMed

• Some of the data bases

MEDLINE, CATLINE,AVLINE, HISTLINE, SERLINE, and
SDILINE


are created and maintained solel
y by NLM.

Some of the Databases of NLM

PubMed

PubMed comprises more than 21 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life
science

journals, and online books

MeSH Browser

The MeSH Browser is an online vocabulary look
-
up aid available for us
e with MeSH® (Medical
Subject

Headings). It is designed to help quickly locate descriptors of possible interest and to show the
hierarchy in

which descriptors of interest appear. Virtually complete MeSH records are available, including
the scope

notes, ann
otations, entry vocabulary, history notes, allowable qualifiers, etc

TOXNET

-

Databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and toxic
releases.

Web Browser …..One Question May be

1990
--
The first web browser was invented in by

Tim Ber
ners
-
Lee. It was
called

WorldWideWeb

and was later renamed Nexus

A web browser are an

application software

The major web browsers are

Firefox,

Google Chrome,

Internet Explorer,

Opera, and
Safari



Launched Year


Web Browser

Developed by



1994

Netscape
Navigator

Netscape
Communications
Corporation (now part of
AOL)



1995

Internet Explorer

Microsoft Corporation

the most widely used web
browser

1996

Opera

Opera Software ASA



2003

Safari

Apple Inc.



2004

Mozilla Firefox

Mozilla Corporation

Open
Source Web Browser

2008

Google Chrome

Google




Usages of Web Browser (As On 2012)

Internet Explorer



27.95%

Google Chrome




23.96%

Firefox

21.80%


Safari




13.64%

Web Browser and Examination View

Question may on First web Browser?

Ans
-

1990
--
The first web browser was invented in by

Tim Berners
-
Lee. It was
called

WorldWideWeb

and was later renamed Nexus


Which is the Open Source web Browser

Ans
-

2004

Mozilla Firefox

Mozilla Corporation

Open Source Web Browser



What is Web Browser? With options (System software, Application software, operating
software, search Engine)

Ans
-

1995

Internet Explorer

Microsoft Corporation

the most widely used web
browser



Matching the
Pairs

Web Browser and Their Developers or web Browser and one example is
another side

List is given and ask which is odd one or which is not a web browse

Unicode ?

UNICODE stands for Universal character encoding, maintained

by the Unicode Consortium.


Thi
s encoding standard provides the basis for processing,storage and interchange of text data in
any language in all modern software and ICT

protocols.


It uses two bytes or 16 bits to code each character.

What is firewall

A system designed to prevent
unauthorized

access

to or from a private

network. Firewalls can be
implemented in both

hardware

and

software, or a combination of both. Firewalls are frequently
used to prevent unauthorized

Internet

users from accessing private networks connected to the
In
ternet, especially

intranets. All messages entering or leaving the intranet pass through the
firewall, which examines each message and blocks those that do not meet the specified

security

criteria.

What is Webinar?


Webinar is a short for Web
-
based seminar
, a presentation, lecture, workshop or seminar that is
transmitted over the Web.


A key feature of a Webinar is its interactive elements
--

the ability to give, receive and discuss
information. Contrast with Webcast, in which the data transmission is one w
ay and does not
allow interaction between the presenter and the audience.

What

is router?

-
A device that forwards data packets along networks. A router is connected to at least two
networks, commonly two LANs or WANs or a LAN and its ISP??s

network. Routers are located
at gateways, the places where two or more networks connect.


Routers use headers and forwarding tables to determine the best path for forwarding the
packets, and they use protocols such as ICMP to communicate with each other a
nd configure the
best route between any two hosts.


What is Delphi Technique ?

Delphi technique helps managers and decision makers to make better forecasts and advice. This
method recognises human judgments as legitimate and makes useful inputs in generati
ng
forecasts and also that the judgment of a number of informed people is likely to be better than the
judgment of a single individual who may be misinformed or highly biased. Thus, the Delphi
technique is a way of allowing only those interactions to occur

that are likely to improve the
quality of a forecast or decision.

The Delphi Technique has been widely used to generate forecasts in technology, education and
other fields. It may also be possible to apply this technique as an evaluation technique in case

a
situation demands.

Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)











The Program (or Project) Evaluation and Review Technique, commonly abbreviated
PERT,











is a statistical tool, used in project management











is

designed to analyze and represent the tasks involved in completing a given project











developed by the United States Navy in the 1950s











it is commonly used in conjunction with the critical path method or CPM.











Program Evaluation a
nd Review Technique (code
-
named PERT) is applied as a decision
-
making

tool designed to save time in achieving end
-
objectives, and is of particular interest to those

engaged in research and development programs for which time is a critical factor.

Critical
path method (CPM)











The critical path method (CPM) is an algorithm for scheduling a set of project activities











It is an important tool for effective project management.











The critical path method (CPM) is a project modeling techniq
ue developed in the late

1950s by Morgan R. Walker of DuPont and James E. Kelley, Jr. of Remington Rand











CPM calculates the longest path of planned activities to the end of the project, and the
earliest

and latest that each activity can start and
finish without making the project longer











In project management, a critical path is the sequence of project network activities which
add upto the longest overall duration

Shannon

Weaver model of communication

has been called the "mother of all mod
els.

It embodies the concepts of

information
source
,
message
,

transmitter
,

signal
,

chan
nel
,

noise
,

receiver
,

In 1948

Claude Elwood Shannon

published

A Mathematical Theory of Communication

article in
two parts in the July and October numbers of the
Bell System Technical Jou
rnal
.
[2

The book co
-
authored with

Warren Weaver
,

The Math
ematical Theory of Communication
,
reprints Shannon's 1948 article and Weaver's popularization of it

Shannon's theory is used more literally and is referred to as

Shannon theory
, or

information
theory

Shannon's formula

is


where C is

channel capacity

measured in bits/second, W is the bandwidth in Hz, S is the signal
level in watts across the bandwidth W, and N is the noise power in watts in th
e bandwidth W.




Electronic mail?

commonly known as

email

or

e
-
mail

An email message consists of three components, the message

envelope
, the message

header
, and
the message

body
.

What is WorldCat?

WorldCat is a global network of library content and servic
es that uses the Web to let your
institution be more connected, more open and more productive.

WorldCat

is a

union catalog

WorldCat was founded by

Fred Kilgour

in 1967

It is the world's largest

bibliographic

database

In 2003, OCLC began the "Open WorldCat" pilot program

OCLC makes WorldCat itself ava
ilable free to libraries

N
-
LIST?

An Initiative of

Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) Under the National
Mission on Education through ICT


NLIST abbreviated as "National Library and Information Services Infrastructure for Scholarly
Content “

Besi
des 12B/2F colleges, NLIST Programme is now opened to Non
-
Aided Colleges (except
Agriculture, Engineering, Management, Medical, Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursing).

being jointly executed by the UGC
-
INFONET Digital Library Consortium, INFLIBNET Centre
and th
e INDEST
-
AICTE Consortium, IIT Delhi for i) cross
-
subscription to e
-
resources
subscribed by the two Consortia, i.e. subscription to INDEST
-
AICTE resources for universities
and UGCINFONET resources for technical institutions; and ii) access to selected e
-
re
sources to
colleges.

The N
-
LIST project provides access to e
-
resources to students, researchers and faculty from
colleges and other beneficiary institutions

Server(s) is installed at the INFLIBNET Centre

Open Source Software and Libraries

The areas Where

libraries can see the implemanataion of OSS

Library Management Systems

e.g.KOHA,Evergreen,NewGenlib

Digital Libraries (Greenstone ,Dspace,Eprint

E
-
Publishing

Federated Searching (Open Jounal System (OJS))

Consortium Management

Conten Management System (
Joomla ,PlonePostnuke,Xoops,Srupal

E
-
Learning Softwares (Moodle,Atutor,Claroline,OLAT,Saki Project)

Library Management Systems?



KOHA

Koha is the first free and open source software

Integrated Library System (ILS)
,

Koha was developed in 1999 by

Katipo Communications

in New Zealand

Koha is distributed under the Free Software

General Public License (GPL) version 2 or later



NewGenLib

NewGenLib

is an

integrated library management system


developed by Verus Solutions Pvt Ltd. Domain
expertise is provided by Kesavan Institute of
Information and Knowledge Management in

Hyderabad
,

India
.

NewGenLib version 1.0 was released in March 2005

NewGenLib was declared

Open Source

Software under

GNU

GPL

Licence


NewGenLib uses UNICODE 3.0



Greenstone

Greenstone is produced by the New Zealand Digital Library Project in 2000

Greenstone is a suite of software for building and distrubting digital library collection

C
onten Management System (Joomla ,PlonePostnuke,Xoops,Drupal)

Drupal

Drupal was created in 2000

Developed by a Dries Buytaert (Belgian)

It is a Content Management System modular

The standard release of Drupal known as “Drupal core”

Drupal uses Apache,MySql

and PHP

website of White House ,United States is developed over Drupal

Drupal is Licensed under GNU

Jooomla

is a free source Open Content Management System (CMS)

developed in Sept 2005.

it wins Packet publishing Open Souirce Content Management System Awar
d in 2006 and 2007

Joomla plugins previously known as Mambots”

Plone

It is a free Content Management System (CMS)

it is realsed under GNU (Genral Public License (GPL)

N
-
LIST

1 © INFLIBNET Centre, Ahmedabad

1. Background

The Project entitled “National Libra
ry and Information Services Infrastructure for Scholarly
Content

(N
-
LIST)”, being jointly executed by the UGC
-
INFONET Digital Library Consortium,
INFLIBNET

Centre and the INDEST
-
AICTE Consortium, IIT Delhi provides for i) cross
-
subscription to e
-
resources

subscribed by the two Consortia, i.e. subscription to INDEST
-
AICTE resources for universities

and UGCINFONET resources for technical institutions; and ii) access to selected e
-
resources

to colleges. The N
-
LIST project provides access to e
-
resources to stud
ents, researchers and

faculty from colleges and other beneficiary institutions through server(s) installed at the
INFLIBNET

Centre. The authorized users from colleges can now access e
-
resources and download articles

required

by them directly from the publisher’s website once they are duly authenticated as
authorized

users through servers deployed at the INFLIBNET Centre.

The project has four distinct components, i.e. i ) to subscribe and provide access to selected

UGC
-
INFONET

e
-
resources to technical institutions (IITs, IISc, IISERs and NITs) and monitor
its

usage; ii) to subscribe and provide access to selected INDEST e
-
resources to selected
universities

and monitor its usage; iii) to subscribe and provide access to selected
e
-
resources to 6,000

Govt./ Govt.
-
aided colleges and monitor its usage; and iv) to act as a Monitoring Agency for

colleges and evaluate, promote, impart training and monitor all activities involved in the process
of

providing effective and efficient access

to e
-
resources to colleges.

The INDEST and UGC
-
INFONET are jointly responsible for activity listed at i) and ii) above.
The

INFLIBNET Centre, Ahmedabad is responsible for activities listed at iii) and iv) above. The
INFLIBNET

Centre is also responsible fo
r developing and deploying appropriate software tools and
techniques

for authenticating authorized users.

2. Current Status

As on April 22, 2010, a total number of 1,176 colleges have registered themselves with the N
-
LIST

programme including 659 Govt. / Go
vt.
-
aided colleges covered under the 12 B Act of the UGC.

Log
-
in ID and password for accessing e
-
resources has been sent to the authorized users from

these 659 colleges. Remaining colleges are being advised to join the initiative as N
-
LIST
Associates.

All
e
-
resources subscribed for colleges under the N
-
LIST Project are now accessible to

these 659 colleges through the N
-
List website.

3. Beneficiary Institutions

The following four sets of institutions are benefitting from the N
-
LIST Project:

i) Universities c
overed under Phase I of the UGC
-
INFONET Digital Library Consortium can
now

access Web of Science.

ii) IITs, IISc, IISERs and selected NITs (i.e. core members of the INDEST
-
AICTE Consortium)

can now access selected e
-
resources namely Annual Reviews, Project

Muse and Nature.

iii) 6,000 Govt. / Govt.
-
aided colleges covered under 12 B Act of the UGC can now access se

lected electronic resources including electronic journals, electronic books and bibliographic

databases. These resources include more than 2100
e
-
journals and 51,000 e
-
books.

iv) Colleges, not covered under the 12B Act of the UGC, can benefit from the N
-
LIST
Programme

by joining the programme as its Associate. These colleges will be required to pay a fixed

amount towards subscription to e
-
resource
s and annual subscription.


Open Journal Systems

(OJS)

is an

open
-
source software

for the management of

peer
-
reviewer

academic journals,

created by the

Public Knowledge Project, released under the GNU General Public License.


released in 2001


OJS Features

OJS is installed locally and locally controlled.

Editors configure requirements, sections, review process, etc.

Online submission and management of all content.

Subscription module with delayed open access options.

Comprehensive indexing of content part o
f global system.

Reading Tools for content, based on field and editors' choice.

Email notification and commenting ability for readers.

Complete context
-
sensitive online Help support.

OJS is open source software made freely available to journals worldwide f
or the purpose of
making open access publishing a viable option for more journals


A COUNTER plugin (Counting Online Usage of Networked Electronic Resources)

OJS is written in

PHP, uses either a

MySQL

or

PostgreSQL

database


Wi
-
Fi (wireless fidelity)

Means


"
wireless local area network

(WLAN)

Vic Hayes

has been called the "father of Wi
-
Fi"

he term

Wi
-
Fi
, first used commerc
ially in August 1999

The term Wi
-
Fi was created by an organization called the Wi
-
Fi Alliance

Wi
-
Fi networks locations are known as

hot spot
s


The activity of
locating and exploiting security
-
exposed

wireless LANs

is called

war driving
.

An identifying iconography, called

war chalking
,

Wi
-
Fi networks have limited range of 32

m (120

ft) indoors and 95

m (300

ft) outdoors

Wi Fi is base
d on the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers' (IEEE) 802.11 standards

Li
-
Fi

is the term some have used to label the fast and cheap wireless
-
communication system,
which is the optical version of

Wi
-
Fi

WiMAX

(Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) is a

wireless

communications
standard designed to provide 30 to 40 megabit
-
per
-
second data rates .WiMAX is someti
mes
referred to as "Wi
-
Fi on steroids"

Cataloging in Publication (CIP)

A Cataloging in Publication record is a bibliographic record prepared by the

Library of
Congress

for a book that has not yet been published. When the book is published, the publisher
in
cludes the CIP data on the copyright page thereby facilitating book processing for libraries and
book dealers.


The Library of Congress to assign control numbers in advance of publication to those titles that
may be added to the Library's collections.

Some

Terms and concepts in Management Unit

Total Quality Management (TQM) is a concept created by
W. Edwards Deming
.

Six Sigma

is a

business management strategy, originally developed by

Motorola, USA in 1986

The

Program

Evaluation and Review Technique

(PERT) i
s developed by

the

United States
Navy

in the 1950s

The

Critical Path Method (CPM) (an

algorithm

for scheduling

)

developed in the late 1950s by
Morgan R. Walker and James E. Kelley

The term "Marketing Mix" was coined in 1953 by Neil Borden

Peter Phyrr

used

Zero Base Budgeting (ZBB)

term first

Programme Budgeting System was first introduced by the then

United States Secretary of
Defense

Robert S. McNamara

in 1960s.



The

National

Knowledge Commission


The

National

Knowledge Commission is a high
-
level ad
visory body to the Prime Minister of
India, with the objective of transforming India into a knowledge society.

National Knowledge Commission (NKC) was constituted on

13th June 2005

the National Knowledge Commission has been given a mandate to guide policy
and direct
reforms, focusing on certain key areas such as education, science and technology, agriculture,
industry, e
-
governance

Easy access to knowledge, creation and preservation of knowledge systems, dissemination of
knowledge and better knowledge servi
ces are core concerns of the commission.

Mr. Sam Pitroda is the Chairperson of NKC

The Secretariat of the Commission is located in

Chanakyapuri
,

New Delhi.

Some of the issues under
consideration of National Knowledge Commission are:

1.institutional framework of libraries;

2.networking;

3.education, training and research;

4.modernization and computerization of libraries;

5.maintenance of private and personal collections and

staff requ
irements to meet changing
needs.