Review Genetics and Biotechnology PreAP 2010

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Oct 22, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Review Genetics and Biotechnology Pre-AP
Study the Chapter 13 and 14 packet, Notes over Genetic Engineering, Karyotypes, Pedigrees, and
Genetic Disorders
 What is genetic engineering?
 What is the purpose of selective breeding? What are the two types and effects of both?
 What is the only source of new characteristics in a population?
 How do restriction enzymes work (where they cut)? What are they used for? What is
significant about the sticky end?
 Gel electrophoresis- what is the gel made of? Where is the DNA loaded? What do they do to
the DNA before loading it in the wells? What determines the banding pattern once it is
done? What is electrophoresis good for?
 What is PCR? Why do we do it? Know the basic process
 What is recombination? Genetic markers? What do we use as genetic markers in bacteria?
 What is transformation?
 What are transgenic organisms? What are the advantages and disadvantages of them both?
Examples of bacteria, plants and animals
 Know the basics of cloning.
 What is DNA fingerprinting? How is it used?
 What is gene therapy? What good could come of this?
 Read the article from Discover
.
 Be able to interpret pedigrees and karyotypes.
 Be able to apply pedigrees and karyotypes to the diseases we learned about. Be able to solve
punnett squares and pedigrees for the human genetic disorders. Memorize it if you didn’t
already for the quiz.



Review Genetics and Biotechnology Pre-AP
Study the Chapter 13 and 14 packet, Notes over Genetic Engineering, Karyotypes, Pedigrees, and
Genetic Disorders
 What is genetic engineering?
 What is the purpose of selective breeding? What are the two types and effects of both?
 What is the only source of new characteristics in a population?
 How do restriction enzymes work (where they cut)? What are they used for? What is
significant about the sticky end?
 Gel electrophoresis- what is the gel made of? Where is the DNA loaded? What do they do to
the DNA before loading it in the wells? What determines the banding pattern once it is
done? What is electrophoresis good for?
 What is PCR? Why do we do it? Know the basic process
 What is recombination? Genetic markers? What do we use as genetic markers in bacteria?
 What is transformation?
 What are transgenic organisms? What are the advantages and disadvantages of them both?
Examples of bacteria, plants and animals
 Know the basics of cloning.
 What is DNA fingerprinting? How is it used?
 What is gene therapy? What good could come of this?
 Read the article from Discover
.
 Be able to interpret pedigrees and karyotypes.
 Be able to apply pedigrees and karyotypes to the diseases we learned about. Be able to solve
punnett squares and pedigrees for the human genetic disorders. Memorize it if you didn’t
already for the quiz.