AGRO-BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF BIOETHICS ...

lowlytoolboxBiotechnology

Oct 22, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

379 views

National Bioethics Commission
(KBN)
of Indonesia

an Introduction

First Meeting of

The European Commission International Dialogue

on Bioethics.


Brussel, 19
th

February 2009, Belgium


Umar Anggara Jenie


Immidiate Past Chairman of KBN

Introduction


National Bioethics Commission

(
Komisi
Bioetika Nasional
, KBN)

was established in
September 17,2004; by join
t
-
three Ministerial
Decree of Ministers of Research and
Technology, Health and Agriculture.


The KBN

is aimed to be a place where
bioethicists could discuss all matters concerning
bioethical issues; and give advise to the
Governments and society concerning these
issues.

Join
t

Decree

M
o
RT, M
o
H, and M
o
A

No 108/M/Kp/IX/2004

No 1045/Menkes/SKB/IX/2004

No 540.1/Kpst/OT.160/9/2004

on the establishment of
Komisi Bioetika Nasional


Chapter

I Verse 2: Duty


The duty of the KBN is to carry out comprehensive
and progressive examination relating to bioethical
principles, to give advice to the Government on
bioethical aspects of research, development and
application of science and technology which based
on biological sciences, and to disseminate
bioethics comprehensiveness to society at large.

STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION OF KBN

Structure Organization of KBN consists of:

CHAIRMAN

(3) VICE CHAIRMAN
(Representing from MoRT, MoH and MoA)

SECRETARY

and Secreatraiat

MEMBERS

There are 32 members of KBN, including Chairman, Vice Chairmans,
and Secretary. Members of KBN representing
academicians
(including medical doctors, molecular biologists, geneticists,
chemists, biologists, etc),
ethicists

(bioethicists),
religious
scholars
( from 6 religions which are recognized by the
Government, namely Islam, Catholic, Protestant, Buddhism, Hindu
and Confusianism),
businessmen
,
educators
, and
lawyers
.

ACTIVITIES OF

NATIONAL BIOETHICS COMMISSION

(KBN)

Three Working
-
groups set out by KBN


Working
-
group on Stem Cells Research


Working
-
group on Genetics Resources


Working
-
group on Bioethics Education


KBN Secretariat:

1.
Publishing PEWARTA, a short communication letters on
bioethical information.

2.
Translating 3 UNESCO Declarations into Indonesia
n
language.

3.
Disseminating Bioethics principles through cooperation with
universities and other concerned stakeholders.

4.
Producing a booklet on bioethical guidelines for concerned
stakeholders.

Indonesian Standpoints on Some Bioethical Issues:


KBN Standpoints on Stem Cells Experiment



Life must be respected right from the beginning of conception,

i.e.,
since fertilization of egg by sperm.



Research, development and application of stem cells are so
importance to be developed in Indonesia, including setting up of
their policies and regulations which derived from universal bioethics
principles, or at least internationally acceptable rules.



Therapeutic cloning using non
-
embryonic stem cells is allowed and
could be carried out in Indonesia by whether domestic or overseas
researchers, as far as informed consent and best clinical practice
s
in accordance with Indonesian regulations or laws be fulfilled


Indonesian Standpoints on Some Bioethical Issues:

KBN Standpoints on G
enetic Resources



Genetic Resources are substances found in every living organisms
(animals, plants, microbes, whether they are terrestrial or marine
based). They regulate specific nature and mortality of these
organisms, and can be transmitted to their descendants; and they
are part of the biodiversity, known as germplasms



Bioethical issues on genetic resources include accessibility and
utility of the resources, traditional knowledge, biodiversity, biosphere
and environments. Therefore, managing the genetic resources of
Indonesia has to be based on National interests and regulated
according to National regulations and internationally ratified
convention or declarations, such as the CBD (Convention on
Biological Diversity), The Manila Declaration Concerning Utilization
of Biological Resources, and The UNESCO Declarations, such as
UD
-
HGHR

(1997)
, the ID
-
HGD

(2003)
, and UD
-
BHR

(2005)
.

Indonesian Standpoints on Some Bioethical Issues:

KBN Standpoints on G
enetic Resources

(continued)



Advancing and encouraging policy makers, researchers, teachers as
well as field workers to understand comprehensively the bioethics
principles and genetic resources issues.






Other main activities of KBN


KBN has translated UNESCO International/Universal Declarations
concerning bioethics, into Indonesia Language (Bahasa Indonesia).
Those Declarations are:
Universal Declaration on Human
Genome and Human Rights

(
1997
),
International Declaration on
Human genetic Data

(
2003
) and
Universal Declaration on
Bioethics and Human Rights

(
2005
).



KBN
hosted
the 9
th

Asian Bioethics Conference

(9
th

ABC)
on 3
rd

-
7
th

November 2008, at Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The Theme of the 9
th

ABC
wa
s
Bioethics in Asia: Healthy and Productive Life in Harmony
with Nature
.

Around 150
-
200 participants attend
ed
the Conference.





Other Information on KBN


KBN
was accepted as a member of
the Asian Bioethics Association
(ABA) on
the 6
th
Asian Bioethics Conference
(ABC
-
6) at Sanliurfa,
Turkey, 2005


KBN

is a member of
Intergovernmental Bioetics Committee
(IGBC)
of UNESCO, from 2007
-
2011


Prof. Sunarto Sastrowiyoto
, a member of KBN, is appointed as a
member of
International Bioethics Committee
(IBC) by DG of
UNESCO.


KBN
is actively involving in bioethical discussions at international
level, such as:
(1)

Biennial UNESCO General Conference,
(2)
Asian
Bioethics Conference,
(3)

ILSI’s 1st International Conference on
Nutrigenomic, Opportrunities in Asia, 7
-
9 December 2005,
Singapore,
(4)

Workshop on the Development of Biotechnology in
Islamic Countries, 19
-
23 March 2006, etc.





Thank you !!