Telepathology-lecture - Telepathology.org

loutclankedAI and Robotics

Nov 13, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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T
elepathology


Branch of telemedicine and pathology based

on the exchange of patient’s data and images

through means of telecommunications

for diagnosis, consultation, education

and/or

research.


TYPES OF TELEPATHOLOGY

-

STATIC


Store and forward of images

-

DYNAMIC


Live transmission of images

-

DYNAMIC
-

STATIC

-

STATIC


Store and forward of images

Use of film

EXAMPLES OF IMAGES OBTAINED

SCANNING HISTOLOGICAL GLASS SLIDES

WITH THE "HP PHOTO SMART PHOTO SCANNER

Breast Biopsy from above

with detail amplification

using the HP scanner

2 X

PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA

TV CAMERA

TV CAMERA

PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA

10 X

2 X

TV CAMERA

PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA

2 X

TV CAMERA

PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA

Static Telepathology

Gross Images

Use of digital cameras

Focus distance


Normal: 50 cm
-

Infinity

Macro: W 10cm
-

Infinity, T 50cm
-

Infinity

1/1.8" Super HAD 3.34 megapixels

Sony DSC
-
P1

Image sizes:

2048 x 1536

2048 x 1360 (3:2)

1600 x 1200

1280 x 960

640 x 480

Static Telepathology

Microscopic Images

Use of TV and digital cameras

TV (ANALOG) CAMERAS

Panasonic

GP
-
KS1000


Newly developed 900,000 pixel 1/2" CCD with digital
processing.


560 horizontal resolution with 54dB signal to noise ratio.


Frame integration system improves vertical resolution.


RGB primary color on
-
chip filters enable superb color
reproduction and wider dynamic range.


RGB, Y/C and composite output.


Full color bars 4
-
position white balance memory.


User file setting programmable for dedicated applications.

DIGITAL CAMERAS

Static Telepathology

Microscopic Images

100 X

TV CAMERA

PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA

Dynamic Telepathology

Microscopic Images

ROBOTIC SYSTEMS

ROBOTIC SYSTEMS

USES of TELEPATHOLOGY

-

DIAGNOSTIC:



Conventional Histology:



autopsies



surgical pathology



biopsies



fine needle aspirations



Cytology



Frozen Sections



Microbiological Preparations



Immunohistology



DNA Analysis

-

CONSULTATION

-

INVESTIGATION

USES of TELEPATHOLOGY

-

EDUCATION

HISTORICAL EVENTS IN

TELEPATHOLOGY

-

1968: First images in black & white transmited from


Logan Airport to Massachusetts General Hospital


in Boston (microwaves)

-

1960s NASA Apolo Programa

-

1986: First telerobotic microscope

-

1992: First European Conference in Telepathology

-

1996: Europath Proyect

-

1998: First Telepathology Workshops in Perú

Telepathology

Workshops

in Peru

http://www.georgia.telepathology.org

http://telepathology.com