Meaning of Intelligent Robotic Systems

loutclankedAI and Robotics

Nov 13, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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COMP322/S2000/L2

1

Origin of the word “Robot”


From Czechoslovakian words:


ROBOTNICK
==>
serve



ROBOTA ==>
work

Introduced in 1921 by the playwright
Karel
Capek
his satirical drama R.U.R. (Rossum’s
Universal Robots).

Idea of a
perfect
and
tireless worker!

COMP322/S2000/L2

2

Definition of the word “Robot”
(Cont’d)


The “xwebster” dictionary:


a machine that looks like a human being and performs various
complex acts (as walking or talking) of a human being;


a similar but fictional machine whose lack of capacity for human
emotions is often emphasized;


an efficient, insensitive, often brutalized person; (e.g.
Robocop
)


an automatic apparatus or device that performs functions
ordinarily ascribed to human beings or operates with what
appears to be almost human intelligence; and


a mechanism guided by automatic controls.

COMP322/S2000/L2

3

Definition of the word “Robot”
(Cont’d)


The Robotics Institute of America:


a re
-
programmable, multi
-
functional manipulator designed to
move material, parts, tools or specialized devices, through
variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of
tasks.

R.J. Schilling (p.3):



a software
-
controllable mechanical device that uses sensors to
guide one or more end
-
effectors through programmed motions in
a workspace in order to manipulate physical objects.

COMP322/S2000/L2

4

Various Types of Robots



Industrial


Military


Show or promotional


Educational


Medical


Domestic or personal


Hobbyist

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R2D2


and

C3P0


from

Star Wars


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Industrial Robots




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Promotional Robots


Harry



remotely
controlled device


a

professional
entertainer


works with a
handler and a
clown



earns


US$75
per hour

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Entertainer Robots


Woodi


a Mascot for a
university


entertains at football
and basketball games


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Hobbyist Robots




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Applications


Material handling, esp. hazardous


Spot, Arc welding


Spray painting & finishing


Mechanical, electronic assembling


Inspection & testing


Water jet cutting


Space, undersea exploration


Medical

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Undersea Robots




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Research Topics



Manipulator design


Kinematics & Dynamics


Actuators & Control Systems


Control & System Architecture


Programming Languages


Reasoning and Planning Systems


Multi
-
robot Systems, Collaborative


Telerobotics & Undersea Robotics


Dynamic Vision


Micro
-
electromechanical & micro robotic
Systems

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13

Intelligent
Robotic
Systems



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Functional
Structure

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Functional
Structure
and

Knowledge
Data Base


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Computer
-
Assisted
Robotics
Cell


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References


James L. Fuller,
Robotics
-

Introduction, Programming, and
Projects,
second edition, Prentice Hall, 1999. (ISBN: 0
-
13
-
095543
-
4)


Witold Jackak,
Intelligent Robotic Systems
-

Design,
Planning, and Control,
Kluwer Academic/Plenum
Publishers, 1999. (ISBN: 0
-
306
-
46062
-
9) (TJ211.J33)