What is Smart Grid? - Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce ...

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Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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NATIONAL CONFERENCE

ON

“10 YEARS OF THE ELECTRICITY ACT, 2003: A CRITICAL REVIEW”

Vikas Gaba

New
Delhi, June 11, 2003

Role of Smart Grids in the Indian Power
Sector: Current Developments, Challenges and
Way Forward



India’s energy realities and emerging needs



Smart Grids


Concept and Application Areas



Global Developments



Developments in India



Challenges to Accelerated Deployment



Way Forward

Structure

3

India’s Energy Realities and
Emerging Need

India’s Energy Sector Realities and Emerging Needs

National

Priorities


Current Situation


Implications

Meeting Demand
Shortage


Chronic power shortages


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Clean Energy
Deployment


RE capacity increasing ~
3000+ MW added

each year


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Operational Efficiency
Improvement


Poor operational efficiency


High system losses


R
-
APDRP has
provided
much needed support


Need

for ability to control and
monitor power flow till customer
level

Enhancing

Consumer
Service Standards


Poor

system visibility


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Smart Grids can transform the existing grid into a more efficient, reliable, safe
and enable address sector challenges.

5

What is Smart Grid?


System

(G,

T,

D)

with

an

advanced

two
-
way

communications

system


Enables

real
-
time

monitoring

and

control


Provide

greater

visibility

and

transparency


Consequently,

enables

cost

reduction

and

efficiency

improvement



Understanding Smart Grid

6




Several Potential Application areas exist


Electricity
Distribution


Electricity
Markets


Renewable
Energy


Energy Storage


Transport


Industrial Energy
Efficiency


Building Energy
Efficiency

7

Source: http://www.renesas.eu/ecology/eco_society/smart_grid/

8

Globally, a number of
initiatives
have already started, most of it
through strong
support from the
Government

Global Market Trends

9

Country

National Smart Grid Initiatives

China

The

Chinese

government

has

developed

a

large,

long
-
term

stimulus

plan

to

invest

in

water

systems,

rural

infrastructures

and

power

grids,

including

a

substantial

investment

in

smart

grids
.



China’s

State

Grid

Corporation

outlined

plans

in

2010

for

a

pilot

smart

grid

programme

that

maps

out

deployment

to

2030
.

Smart

grids

investments

will

reach

at

least

USD

96

billion

by

2020
.



United

States

USD

4
.
5

billion

was

allocated

to

grid

modernisation

under

the

American

Recovery

Reinvestment

Act

of

2009
,

including
:


U卄

3
.


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U卄

㐳4

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s浡rt

杲楤

摥浯湳n牡瑩t湳


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ㄸ1

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敮敲杹

sto牡来

a湤

摥浯湳n牡瑩t湳



Japan

The

Federation

of

Electric

Power

Companies

of

Japan

is

developing

a

smart

grid

that

incorporates

solar

power

generation

by

2020

with

government

investment

of

over

USD

100

million
.





Global Market Trends

10

Country

National Smart Grid Initiatives

United

Kingdom

OFGEM

has

set

up

a

Low

Carbon

Networks

fund

that

will

allow

up

to

GPB

500
m

support

to

distribution

network

operator

projects

that

test

new

technology,

operating

and

commercial

arrangements
.



France

The

electricity

distribution

operator

EDF

is

deploying

300000

smart

meters

in

a

pilot

project

based

on

an

advanced

communication

protocol

named

Linky
.

If

the

pilot

is

deemed

a

success,

ERDF

will

replace

all

of

its

35

million

meters

with

Linky

smart

meters

from

2012

to

2016
.



Brazil

Several

utilities

are

managing

smart

grid

pilots
,

including

Ampla
,

a

power

distributor

in

Rio

de

Janeiro

State

owned

by

the

Spanish

utility

Endesa
,

which

has

been

deploying

smart

meters

and

secure

networks

to

reduce

losses

from

illegal

connections
.

AES

Eletropaulo
,

a

distributor

in

São

Paulo

State,

has

developed

a

smart

grid

business

plan

using

the

existing

fibre
-
optic

backbone
.



The

utility

CEMIG

has

started

a

smart

grid

project

based

on

system

architecture

developed

by

the

IntelliGrid

Consortium,

an

initiative

of

the

California
-
based

Electric

Power

Research

Institute
.



11

India guided by the developments
at the global level, is slowly gearing
up

Institutional Set
-
up for Smart Grids in the
country

Bureau of
Indian
Standards
(BIS)
India Smart Grid
Forum (ISGF)
India Smart
Grid Task Force
(ISGTF)
CPRI,
BEE,
CERC
State
Utilities
Industry/
Research
Institutes
Government of India / Ministry of Power
State
Government
CERC/
SERC’s
Indicates

direct

interaction

among

the

entities

Indirect

interaction

among

the

entities

14 pilots supported by Govt. of India as “Proof of
Concept”


Power Demand
Shortage


Demand

Side Management

Demand Response

Peak Load Management

Crew Management

Clean Energy

Renewable

Energy
Integration

Demand Response

Operational
Efficiency
Improvement

Theft

Management &
Tamper Detection

Asset Monitoring

Meter Data
Management
System

Substation

Automation

AMI

Consumer
Service
Standards

Power

Quality

Work Force
Management

Outage
Management

Automatic Billing

Consumer portal

National Priorities

Smart Grid Interventions proposed by the Utilities

Lot of additional work is happening on issues such as Demand
response, Micro
-
Grids, etc beyond the 14 pilots

14

Challenges do exist

Key Challenges


Government

Support



funding

and

to

ensure

coordinated

development



National

Road

Map

adopted

but

implementation

wherewithal

missing


Access

of

financial

resources

particularly

due

to

poor

financial

health

of

the

power

utilities


Lack

of

Policy

and

Regulation

related

to

Smart

Grid

applications


No

proven

commercial

viability

of

large

scale

smart

grid

implementation



Cost

and

benefit

assessment

(Most

of

the

initiatives

are

pilots)


Development

of

Smart

Grid

Standards

including

pilot

models

that

can

be

adopted

by

discoms

based

on

their

level

of

maturity

to

handle

such

applications


Ability

of

users

to

absorb

implementation

of

advanced

technology



Lack

of

awareness

requiring

knowledge

creation,

training

and

capacity

building

of

both

the

utility

and

consumers


15


Electricity

Act 2003 and the underlying policies does provide for
introducing all of the above, however implementation mechanism have
to be ensured


Way Forward


Goals in the National Road Map to be
accompanied by implementation
structure and mechanisms


Need for coordinated
development nationally as well with international
bodies


Development of
SG

Regulations
: Optimal regulatory response is of immense
importance to make the overall initiative successful and attractive to all parties


Need for
creating awareness and acceptance
of Smart Grid technologies


Process support to demonstrate commercially viable pilots
to demonstrate
success and dissemination of such initiatives to other utilities/users


Need to undertake initiatives
to encourage indigenous vendor development
for reduction of costs and ensure long
-
term service support


16

Thank You

18

Development Potential and
Issues across application areas

Development potential & issues across various
application areas

19

Application Area

(Current Status)

Business

Issues

Potential/Importance of
Smart Grids

Distribution



Inefficient


Huge Theft


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Antiquated

technologies


Poor

business

orientation



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異杲a摡瑩tn)



Supports

loss

reduction

and

demand

response


Markets



>10% of overall electricity sale


Affected efficiency gains


Send price signals to
consumption (distribution)



Poor

networks
.

Problems

in

open

access


Inadequate

Business

Processes

and

Controls


Poor

cost

signaling


High

(Open

access

and

controls

can

be

very

effectively

supported)


Industrial Energy Efficiency



Improving rapidly


Signalled by environmental
market



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20

Application

Area

(Current

Status)

Business

Issues

Potential/Importance

of

Smart

Grids

Environmental

Markets

(REC,

PAT)




Nascent,

developing

fast


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Nascent,

does

not

provide

confidence

to

investments


Baseline

definition

issues

in

(PAT)

and

monitoring


Trading

system

needs

refinement



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a

strong

information

and

controls

base

and

also

enable

response

to

price

signals)


Renewable

Energy




Fast

developing



䙩汬s

India’s

Energy

void



Variability

management

&

storage


Transmission

networks

and

controls




Very

High

(SG

can

assist

in

grid

integration,

forecasting,

balancing

and

storage)


Energy

Storage




Nascent

in

India



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汩湫敤





&





Expensive


Technological

upgradation


Space

requirements


High

(Has

applications

in

energy

storage,

enabling

provision

for

balancing

power

&

islanding

during

blackouts)


Development potential & issues across various
application areas
contd


21

Application

Area

(Current

Status)`

Business

Issues

Potential/Importance

of

Smart

Grids

Transport



Largest

energy

sub
-
sector

after

electricity


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EVs

are

expensive




Inadequate

infrastructure

for

deployment

and

proliferation



Regulatory

Issues


䡩杨




SG

can

integrate

with

grid

and

reduce

short

term

power

purchase
;

use

as

balancing

resource
;

peak

load

management)



Building

Energy

Efficiency




Fast敳e

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捯湳n浩湧

s散eor



Widely

varying

energy

efficiency

levels



Lack

of

awareness

among

builders

and

consumers



High

initial

cost

of

EE

appliance


High
.




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reduction

of

wasteful

consumption

Development potential & issues across various
application areas
contd