Jay Caspary - Governors' Wind Energy Coalition

louisianabodyElectronics - Devices

Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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The Transmission
Imperative

November 3, 2011

Jay Caspary


Overview



NERC’s Evolution to Today’s Culture of Compliance


Organized and Bilateral Markets


No Standard Market Design


Regional Planning is working and improving


Interregional Planning in process


Smart Grid Applications for Transmission in Future

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About NERC: Reliability History

1965

Northeast Blackout I

1968

NERC formed

1978

National Energy Act


NERC Expands

1980

NERC Merges with NAPSIC

1987

National Electric Security Committee

1992

Energy Policy Act
-

NERC action plan for the future

1996

FERC orders on open access put NERC on a course to become a self
-
regulatory reliability organization

1997

NERC/DOE “Blue Ribbon” Panel suggests mandatory standards

2002

First reliability standards become mandatory and enforceable in Ontario

2003

Northeast Blackout II

2005

Energy Policy Act creates “Electric Reliability Organization”

2006

NERC applies & becomes “Electric Reliability Organization”

2007

First reliability standards become mandatory & enforceable in US


United States

Federal
Energy Regulatory
Commission

Mexico

Comision

Reguladora

de
Energia


Electric Reliability Organization

Electric Reliability

Organization

Regional

Entities


Other ERO
Members



Bulk Power System
Owners, Operators, Users

Reliability

Standards

Compliance

Enforcement

Reliability Assessment

Government Oversight


Canada


NEB, Alberta, British Columbia,
Manitoba, Ontario, New Brunswick,
Nova Scotia, Quebec, and
Saskatchewan

3 Interconnections / 8 NERC Regions

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Regions and Interconnections

2010 Reporting Areas

Based on Load/Capacity Areas defined by NERC
Subregions

NERC Reporting Areas =
Subregions

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Changing Industry Landscape

ISO / RTO Map

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FERC Order 890 Planning Regions

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Annual Average Wind Speed
-

80 meters

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Need for Transmission

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High levels of variable generation will require
significant transmission additions

and reinforcements.

Historical 5-Year Plans Compared to Actual
Miles Added (200 kV > greater)
0
2,000
4,000
6,000
8,000
10,000
12,000
14,000
16,000
18,000
1990-94
1991-95
1992-96
1993-97
1994-98
1995-99
1996-00
1997-01
1998-02
1999-03
2000-04
2001-05
2002-06
2003-07
2004-08
2005-09
2006-10
2007-11
2008-12
2009-13
Circuit-Miles
5 year Plan
Actual Miles Added
2009 5-year Plan:
2013 Planned Projections

Challenge

Interconnect variable energy resources
in remote areas

Smooth the variable generation output
across a broad geographical region
and resource portfolio

Deliver ramping capability and ancillary
services from inside and outside a
Balancing Area to equalize supply
and demand.

Construct/site/permit the needed
transmission and supporting facilities
to deliver power across long
distances.



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345 kV+ Transmission Growth at a Glance

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345 kV+ Transmission Growth at a Glance

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345 kV+ Transmission Growth at a Glance

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345 kV+ Transmission Growth at a Glance

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345 kV+ Transmission Growth at a Glance

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Projects with Notifications to Construct

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Transmission…


represents only a fraction of a consumers total energy
bill (5
-
10%)


enables and defines markets


can no longer be an undervalued asset since it
provides tremendous benefits in reducing congestion
costs, improving value of diverse/variable resources,
enhances grid efficiencies and dynamic performance


is aging infrastructure in existing ROWs that could
provide tremendous value and capability as it is
replaced and
rightsized
, where appropriate


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EWITS Scenario 2

Merchant Developers like Clean Line are
Proposing Large HVDC Projects

FERC Order 1000


US 500 kV and above AC plus HVDC Transmission


Future in SPP


Renewable development beyond member
needs of
12GW in
SPP will depend on level of exports. While
focus to date has been wind, solar will be next, then…


Asset management with aging infrastructure will be a
challenge. Effective use of new and existing ROWs will
be key success factor


Future is bright with more robust planning and
certainty of cost allocations, but we need smart grid
applications to minimize renewable curtailments in
advance of grid build
-
out and to manage flows using
new technology, e.g., HVDC, as well as system
reconfiguration/ optimization tools



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So…where are we going?


ITP in process, Integrated Marketplace in place 1Q14


EIPC Federal Futures project >100GW wind in SPP


Customers have requested dozens of Firm Transmission
Service Requests with more than 7GW of wind exports
from SPP to SERC, with firm/contingent firm service on
adjacent systems. Most under study, with few granted


SPP reviewing through and out rates which should help
potential rightsizing of facilities in a key corridor or two


Compliance filings for FERC Order 1000 for regional and
interregional planning due October 2012 and April
2013, respectively

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