Enabling the 98%

louisianabodyElectronics - Devices

Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)

70 views

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Enabling the 98%

The role of Sustainable IT in the
modern Computer Science syllabus

Dr Steve Cayzer

University of The West of England

University of Bath

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Context

S
USTAINABILITY

IS

IMPORTANT
!


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Context

I
S

S
USTAINABILITY

IMPORTANT
?


C
OPENHAGEN



UK E
LECTION


‘L
ET

S

GET

THE

ECONOMY

FIXED

FIRST



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Context

A
ND

YET




E
NERGY

G
AP


By 2020 we are likely to be importing around three quarters of our primary energy.


T
RANSITION

TOWNS


300
AND

COUNTING




CRC
ENERGY

EFFICIENCY

SCHEME
, EU ETS
ETC


C
ARBON

S
OFTWARE

&
SERVICES


P
REDICTED

$5B
N

MARKET



M
CKINSEY

S

KEY

REASON

TO

GO

GREEN


A
N

INTERESTING

STORY



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What is sustainable IT?



.

Brundtland

1987 (World Commission on Environment and Development)


Sustainable IT = sustainable development of IT products and
services


But what does sustainable IT look like and how do we know if
we are doing it?

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An interesting Statistic


The global information and communications technology (ICT)
industry accounts for approximately 2 percent of global carbon
dioxide (CO2) emissions, a figure equivalent to aviation,
according to a new estimate by Gartner, Inc. Despite the overall
environmental value of IT, Gartner believes this is
unsustainable.

(Gartner, 2007).


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The 2% and the 98%



What is the 2%?


IT =
information technology


ICT =
information & communications technology
.


Programmable fridges?


Smart grid?


Games consoles?


Robots?


What is the 2%?


Cradle to Gate?


Cradle to Grave?


Cradle to Cradle?


What about
the 98%?


What impact can ICT have on this?


Smart 2020: 7.8Gt of ICT
-
enabled carbon savings by 2020 =
15% of current global emissions.

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How to embed sustainable IT into a
computer science syllabus



The 2%


Energy efficiency, least materials, waste reduction, recycling ..


Eco
-
design, Design for the Environment


Lifecycle assessment (LCA)


Exergy analysis


-

>
eco efficiency
;
eg

dynamic smart cooling


The 98%



“If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it” : carbon dashboards



Visualisation technologies:
“carbon quilt”


Social Dynamics:
i
-
measure


-
>
Systemic Impact
;
eg

smart city




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The debates …



Avoid climate science


Direct interested students to reputable sources/
depts


Focus on a low carbon economy



likely and desired future


How to build a service or meet a need


Carbon Markets


regulation, taxes, carbon trading, offsets and other mechanisms


Graduates will be in a position to respond to and even influence these forces


Methodologies


dealing with context and uncertainty.


Carbon labels


Build links to other departments


Philosophy, climate, economics, management, politics, architecture …

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Sustainability is both a constraint
and an opportunity for the ICT
industry.



Constraints
are physical, social and legal:


Energy gap, peak oil and water shortages


Energy Star, ROHS, EU
-
ETS, CRC


Greenpeace good electronics guide


Opportunities
to create innovative products and services for the sustainability market.


travel replacement technologies (video conferencing, remote access and so on)


eServices


paper reduction


virtualisation
.


Smart grid


Home energy use


Carbon Dashboards

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Perspectives on sustainable
development : skills for the new
economy



Constraints


Understand, Influence


new standards


Measure, Comply


existing standards


Design, Market


new eco
-
efficient products


Opportunities


Invent, Innovate


thinking out of the box


Design, Test


both technical and commercial


Market, Sell


with requirement for education


Partner


many technologies need coordinated action
eg

smart grid


Overall Theme: shift to services


Video from WWF and
Ashridge

business school

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gP8Frk2VidQ