content management through FOSS

longtermsingularInternet and Web Development

Dec 4, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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A journey from OPAC to Library 2.0:

content management through FOSS

Dr. Sudip Ranjan Hatua

Assisstant Professor

Department of Library and Information Science

Rabindra Bharati University

Conceptual changes

Staff

Document

User

Traditional
Library

Skilled Staff

Information /
Documents

User
(Tech Savvy)

ICT

Modern
Library

Characteristics of the changes


Printed documents (books, journals etc.) are now
available in online digital form


Manual housekeeping and library management functions
switch over to automated mechanism


User seeking is moved from document to information


User prefers access then lending


Service on demand converted to service in anticipation


Library driven activities move towards users driven
approach


Collection development change to knowledge
management


Change in Services


Card Catalogue


OPAC


WebOPAC


Interactive Catalogue (social catalogue)


Manual Circulation


Automatic Circulation


Reservation Alert by post


by email or
automatically through OPAC


Document Delivery Service by post


by e
-
mail


Inter library loan


Resource sharing


CAS through notice board, manual circulation


through online, email, e
-
bulletin board.


New Services


Subscribing and providing access to online digital
resources


Access to full text or bibliographic database services


Building Social Cataloguing


Access to ETD (electronic thesis and dissertation)


Access to Institutional Repository


Online Reference Services


Overdue notice through automatically generated email


Announcement of activities or alert services through web
or online bulletin board


Providing Blog, Forum, ListServe, Usenet, for social
networking and communication


Change in user seeking


Users are well aware of the latest technological
development


Need become very specific but complex


Require information very quickly in readily
usable format


Need to get more support in searching
databases


Want to access online resources


Want to be informed about the information
sources available in the internet which might be
useful to their user

Journey: a
selected Landmark



1945


Vannevar Bush’s Memex Machine


1960's cataloguing became automated
due to the development of MARC


The first large
-
scale online catalogs were
developed at Ohio State University in 1975
and the Dallas Public Library in 1978


1961


SDI introduced by H P Lune. But
without use of computer and network this
service is stuck up.

a
selected Landmark…contd.


1970
-
80s
-

OPAC (WorldCat holds over 289
million records from 72,000 libraries


biggest
OPAC)


Development and distribution of CDS/ISIS of
UNESCO during 1985 brought a remarkable
change in the library housekeeping operation


1980
-
early 90s
-
Full text databases

(ADONIS,
IEEE / IEE Electronic Library (IEL),
ABI/INFORM, UMI’s Business Express and
Library & General Periodicals, Espace World,
US Patents, etc.)


a
selected Landmark…contd.


1990s
-
Subject Gateway


information gateway
-

(Pinakes to www virtual libraries)


ROADS
(Resource Organization And Discovery in
Subject
-
based services) project in 1996


RDN

(Resource Discovery Network )
-
1999


BUBL
-
provides more than 12000 internet resources
from 90+ selected journals


Australian literature gateway


introduced in 2006
(provides authoritative information on over 782383
works of creative and critical Australian literature


a
selected Landmark…contd.


Open source movement, Open Archive
initiatives, Metadata Harvesting


Web2.0, Lib2, Semantic Web

Technology that empowers users


OPAC


Automation


Library Network


Library Management Software


Library portal


Library Consortia (
INDEST, UGC
-
Infonet
)


Subject Gateways


Institutional Repository


Web 2.0
(RSS, Folksonomy, blog, wiki, social networking)


Library 2.0

IT empowered users



“Resource Sharing” instead of “ILL”



Traditional Model


Discover


Locate


Request


Deliver


Today’s Model


Find


Get


New Web Model


Get It

"Library 2.0“
-

empowers users & librarians




It is user
-
centered
-

Users participate in the creation of
the content and services they view within the library's
web
-
presence, OPAC, etc.


It provides a multi
-
media experience
-

Both the
collections and services of Library 2.0 contain video and
audio components.


It is socially rich
-

The library's web
-
presence includes
users' presences. There are ways for users to
communicate with one another and with librarians.


It is communally innovative
-

It probably the best practice
on the foundation of libraries as a community service. It
seeks to continually change its services, to find new
ways to allow communities, not just individuals to seek,
find, and utilize information.


Library 2.0
-
Improving collaboration
requires cultural change

Library 2.0

A personal change

Internet as source of Information


Growing exponentially
-

7.3 million unique
pages/day


print, film, magnetic storage and optical storage
media produced about
5 exabytes

of new
information
--
study produced by the school of
Information Management and Systems at the
University of California


population research bureau study
-
Web contains
170 terabytes

of information on its surface;


The coverage of the largest search engines,
have indexed not more than about
16%
of the
Web

Information contained in 37,000 new

libraries the size of the LC book collection

(= 17 times volume of

LC print collection)


Statistics
-

Spring 2011

By
Paul Gil
, About.com Guide
-
February 2012


Google.com indexes 26.5 billion public web pages.



92+ billion static web pages

are publicly
-
available.


9.5 billion static pages are hidden from the public.

As
private intranet content, these are the corporate pages that are only open to
employees of specific companies.


300+ billion database
-
driven pages are completely
invisible to Google.


So if Google
only catalogs 8%
of the World Wide Web, and
other search engines catalog even less
,
then
where is the
remaining 92%of web content hidden?

Deep Web


Web is currently 400 to 550 times larger than
the commonly defined World Wide Web


The Deep Web contains 7,500 terabytes of
information compared to nineteen terabytes
of information in the surface Web


The Deep Web contains nearly 550 billion
individual documents compared to the one
billion of the surface Web


More than 200,000 Deep Web sites presently
exist.

Deep Web…contd.



Sixty of the largest Deep Web sites collectively
contain about 750 terabytes of information


sufficient by themselves to exceed the size of the
surface Web forty times


Total quality content of the Deep Web is 1,000 to
2,000 times greater than that of the surface Web.


More than half of the Deep Web content resides in
topic
-
specific databases.


95% of the Deep Web is publicly accessible
information
-

not subject to fees or subscriptions



Eric Schmidt, the
CEO

of Google, the world’s largest index of
the Internet, estimated Google has indexed roughly 200
terabytes of that, or .004% of the total size.


WORLD INTERNET USAGE AND POPULATION STATISTICS

June 30, 2012

World Regions

Population

( 2012 Est.)

Internet
Users

Dec. 31, 2000

Internet Users

Latest Data

Penetration

(% Population)

Growth

2000
-
2012

Users %

of Table

Africa

1,073,380,925

4,514,400

167,335,676

15.6 %

3,606.7 %

7.0 %

Asia

3,922,066,987

114,304,000

1,076,681,059

27.5 %

841.9 %

44.8 %

Europe

820,918,446

105,096,093

518,512,109

63.2 %

393.4 %

21.5 %

Middle East

223,608,203

3,284,800

90,000,455

40.2 %

2,639.9 %

3.7 %

North America

348,280,154

108,096,800

273,785,413

78.6 %

153.3 %

11.4 %

Latin America / Caribbean

593,688,638

18,068,919

254,915,745

42.9 %

1,310.8 %

10.6 %

Oceania / Australia

35,903,569

7,620,480

24,287,919

67.6 %

218.7 %

1.0 %

WORLD TOTAL

7,017,846,922

360,985,492

2,405,518,376

34.3 %

566.4 %

100.0 %

As a result…


Librarian as well as commercial publishers using
Internet as multi
-
purpose device.


Links for Chemists
, an index to over 8,000
Chemistry
-
related Websites, is a cooperative
example of a broad subject index that includes
subsection contributions from different editors.


Invisible Web
, a database of over 10,000 specialized
online search tools;


Argus Clearinghouse
,

Virtual Reference Desk Abstract
-


a selective index of quality Internet subject catalogs.

As a result…


The largest catalog databases, the Online Computer
Library Center's "
WorldCat
" database contains over
289 million records from 72000 libraries in 172
countries world wide


A large number of libraries are now undertaking the
task of building Subject Gateways .


While talking about subject gateways, it is
Pinakez

which provides access to Internet resources, by
linking to the major subject gateways. Includes links
to resources on art, chemistry, libraries, education,
and other topics.

As a result…


Librarians' Internet Index

started working since
1994 It is a searchable, annotated subject directory
of Internet resources selected and evaluated by
librarians for their usefulness to users. The site
features an extensive directory of clickable subject
topics.


During 1995 subject specific web sites of scholarly
relevance has increased considerably.

As a result…


SOSIG (
Social Science Information Gateway
)
has been found as the first subject gateway to
be set up in the UK developed in 1994


National Library of Australia

web site
developed in 1995, provides a source of
selected, high quality Australian, national and
subject related Internet resources.

As a result…


Voice of the Shuttle, developed by the
University of California, in 1995, to provide a
structured and briefly annotated guide to
online resources in the
humanities and
associated disciplines
.


The Web edition,
Current Content Connection,

that came into picture during 1999


At the same time the SCI (
Science Citation
Index
) Web edition introduced as a source for
a variety of research data including author
abstracts, author addresses, and more
information per bibliographic record than in
other resources

As a result…


Renardus
-

an integrated search and browse
utility
, to find Internet resources selected
according to quality criteria and carefully
described by Subject Gateways from several
European countries. It utilizes DDC system as
the organization structure for its integrated
interface was developed 2001.


DESIRE’s
Information Gateways Handbook

helps to all individuals and institutions trying to
build gateways of their own.

As a result…


UK
-
based interactive information service
began full operations in early 2000 by
BUBL

information service, which provides links to
over 12,000 Internet resources in a wide range
of subject areas. It also provides abstracts and
selected full text from over 89+ journals.


In 2002, WebLaw, a cooperative subject
gateway to Internet resources for
Australian
legal researchers

has come into picture.

As a result…


Australian literature gateway

developed in
2006, provides authoritative information on
over 782383 works of creative and critical
Australian literature
-

published in a range of
print and electronic sources
-

relating to more
than 65,000 Australian authors and literary
organizations, from 1780 to the present day.


Open Archive Initiatives & Metadata
Harvesting is now world wide trends.


GreenStone, DSpace, Eprint is the present
time application


Semantic Web is the recent research trend
and future

Lesson


We have to swim with world trends.


Need to provide information, full text digital
document.


Can’t survive only by providing conventional
library services


Face the threat of Cyber
-
café and provide
value added Internet Services
-

responsibility
of a librarian.


Develop own skill of handling technology


Lesson


Develop own way of providing new services
when budget will not permit to depends
commercial means.


Provide value added services like blog,
facebook, bulletin board, news feed, FAQ,
scholarly forum etc. which will attract Gen
-
X
users.


Empowers users by providing ICT enabled
information and services

Proposed system


An Integrated system may consider
-


Integrated in the sense of combination of
subject
content management
,
digital
repository
,
harvesters

and
news feed
,
blog
,
bulletin board

and related components of
system for corresponding resources in the
field of any subject.

Proposed Content Management System



Digital Archives



Metadata Harvester








Content Management


Linux OS


Apache/Tomcat


JDK


PHP


MySql


PgSQL


DSpace


PKP


Joomla/Drupal

Used FOSS



Advance search result


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Libraries House Keeping Operations & conventional
services are almost saturated


ICT can help us to do all these things in a new mode
and formation
-

a true ‘save the time of the reader’


There are fixed number of users who always prefer
print version.


Libraries can provide better solution for Internet
Sources of Information;


Application of Web 2+ is not really a big task for us;


Users can find better results through this model than
Google!!


Conclusion

Conclusion


Free means Freedom not free of cost


Free/Commercial? Choice depends on
your confidence and attitude


ICT empowers users as well as today’s
SMART LIBRARIAN to find his required
information/document just in time, no
mater where it available.


Conclusion


But doing all these thing can a librarian
compete with google and facebook?


Is it not better to concentrate more on
library as true library as it survive years
after year?


WHAT IS YOUR OPINION????