SYLLABI BOOK
For
Under Graduate Course in
Electronics & Communication
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
Faculty of Technology
Dharmsinh Desai University
Nadiad
–
387 001, Gujarat, India.
http://www.ddu.ac.in
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh De
sai University, Nadiad
1
TEAC
HING SCHEME FOR THE COURSE
B.Tech. ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION
SEMESTER I
Semester
Subject
Code
Subject
Teaching Scheme
Examination Scheme
Total
L
T
P
Theory
Sess.
Prac.
T.W.
Sem. I
AF111
Mathematics

I
3
1

60
40


100
AF122
Basic El
ectrical &
Electronics Engineering
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
AX123
Programming in C
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
AF115
Engineering Graphics
3
1
3
60
40

50
150
AF114
Engineering Mechanics
4
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
AF116
Workshop

I


3



50
50
TOTAL 750
SEMESTER II
Semester
Subject
No
Subject
Teaching Scheme
Examination Scheme
Total
L
T
P
Theory
Sess.
Prac.
T.W.
Sem. II
AF201
Mathematics

II
3
1

60
40


100
AF212
Electronics Principles
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
AX223
Advanced C
Programming
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
AF204
Mechanics of
Solids
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
AF215
Heat Power
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
AF206
Workshops

II


3



50
50
Total 750
SEMESTER III
Semester
Subject
No
Subject
Teaching Scheme
Examination Scheme
Total
L
T
P
Theory
Sess.
Prac.
T.W.
Sem. III
AF301
Mathematics

III
3
1

60
40


100
CI308
Linear Electronics

I
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EC302
Electronic
Instrumentation
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EL304
Network Analysis
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EL315
Introduction to Yoga
1

1
50

50

100
EC316
Control Theory
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
TOTAL 800
SEMESTER IV
Semester
Subject
No
Subject
Teaching Scheme
Examination Scheme
Total
L
T
P
Theory
Sess.
Prac.
T.W.
Sem. IV
AF401
Mathematics

IV
3
1

60
40


100
CL418
Linea
r Electronics

II
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EC404
Object Oriented
Programming
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
CI416
Electrical Machines &
Power
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EL416
Personality
Development
2


50



50
EC403
Digital Electronics
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EL405
Applied Mathematics
0
0
2


25
25
50
TOTAL 800
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh De
sai University, Nadiad
2
SEMESTER V
Semester
Subject
No
Subject
Teaching
Scheme
Examination Scheme
Total
L
T
P
Theory
Sess.
Prac.
T.W.
Sem. V
EC511
Microcontroller &
Applications
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EC512
Electronic
Communication
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EC505
Electromagnetic Fields
4


60
40


10
0
EC506
Term Project


2


25
25
50
EC516
Project Management
4


60
40


100
EC 507
Power Electronics
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
TOTAL 700
SEMESTER VI
Semester
Subject
No
Subject
Teaching Scheme
Examination Scheme
Total
L
T
P
Theory
Sess.
Prac.
T.W.
Sem. VI
EC601
Advanced
Microprocessors
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EC604
Comm
unication
Systems
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EC610
Microwave & Antennas
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EC607
Term Project


2



50
50
EC611
Digital Signal
Processing
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EC 602
Elective I
4

2
60
40

25
150
EC 701
Television Engineeri
ng
0
0
2


25
25
50
TOTAL 850
SEMESTER VII
Semester
Subject
No
Subject
Teaching Scheme
Examinatio
n Scheme
Total
L
T
P
Theory
Sess.
Prac.
T.W.
Sem. VII
EC 718
Elective I
I
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EC702
Elective
V
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
EC719
Elective III
4


60
40


100
EC707
Term Project


2



50
50
EC717
Coding Th
eory &
Compression Techniques
4


60
40


100
EC720
Elective I
V
4

2
60
40
25
25
150
TOTAL 700
SEMESTE
R VIII
Semester
Subject
No
Subject
Teaching Scheme
Examination Scheme
Total
L
T
P
Theory
Seminar
Prac.
T.W.
Sem.
VIII
EC801
Project/Industrial
Training


24

100
300
100
500
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh De
sai University, Nadiad
3
Elective I
CMOS VLSI Design
Digital Swit
ching Systems
Operating Systems
Elective II
Image Processing
Biomedical Instrumentation
Advanced Digital Signal Processing
Elective III
Wireless Communication
Optical Signal Processing
Radar and Navigation
Elective IV
Embedded Systems
High Performance C
omputer Architecture
Elective V
Data & Computer Communications
Introduction to Networks and Their Applications
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh De
sai University, Nadiad
4
B.Tech.
SEMESTER

I (
EC/IC/CE/IT/CH/CL
)
SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS

I (AF111)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examinatio
n Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs)
Sessional
(1 hr)
Practical
T.W.
Total
3
1

60
40


100
[A] DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS:
Equation of tangent & normal, angle between two curves, sub tangent, subnormal, length of tangent & len
gth of
normal, pedal equation, maximum & minimum of one variable, radius of curvature of plane curves in Cartesian,
polar and parametric equations, radius of curvature at origin by Newton's method.
[B] SUCCESSIVE DIFFERENTATION:
N
th
derivatives, Leibnitz
's theorem, Maclaurin's theorem, Taylor's theorem, Applications to obtain expansion of
functions, Indeterminate forms.
[C] INTEGRAL CALCULUS:
Curve Tracing, applications for finding area, length of arc, volume and surface area of solids of revolutions,
centre
of gravity.
[D] REDUCTION FORMULA:
[E] BETA AND GAMMA FUNCTION:
Definition, properties, relation between Beta and Gamma functions, use in evaluation of definite in
tegrals, Error
and Elliptic functions.
[F] ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:
Formulation of differential equations, general and particular solution, equation of first order and first degree of the
type : variables, separable, homogeneous, non

homogeneous,
linear equations, exact equation and reducible to
these forms, clairant's form, Application to geometrical and physical problem.
Text Books :
1.
Engineering Mathematics

II
By : Shanti Narayan
Publication: S. Chand & Company
Ltd
2.
Higher Engineer
ing Mathematics.
By : Dr. B. S. Grewal
Publication: Khanna publishers, Delhi
Ref. Books :
1.
Engineering Mathematics

I
By : Shanti Narayan
Publisher:
S. Chand & Company
Ltd
2.
Applied Mathematics
By : P.N. & J.N. Wartikar
3.
Engineering Mathematics

I
By:I. B.
Prasad
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
5
B.Tech. SEMESTER

I (EC/IC/CE/IT/CH/CL)
SUBJECT : BASIC ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (AF 122)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f. 2007)
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lecture
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] FUNDAMENTALS OF CURRENT ELECTRICITY AND DC CIRCUITS:
Introduction, Computation of Resistance at constant temperature, Temperature dependence of Resistance,
Computation of Resistance at dif
ferent temperatures, Ohm's law statement, Illustration and limitation,
Kirchhoff's laws

statement and illustration, Resistance in parallel and current division technique, Method of
solving a circuit by Kirchhoff’s laws.
[B] MAGNETIC CIRCUITS:
Introductio
n, Definition of Magnetic quantities, Magnetic circuit, Leakage flux, Fringing effect, Comparison
between magnetic and electric circuits.
[C] ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION:
Introduction, Magnetic effect of electric current, Current carrying conductor in magn
etic field, Law of
electromagnetic induction, Induced emf, Self Inductance (L), Mutual Inductance (M), and Coupling coefficient
between two magnetically coupled circuits (K).
[D] AC FUNDAMENTALS:
Introduction, Waveform terminology, Concept of 3

phase emf
generation, Root mean square (RMS) or
effective value, Average Value of AC, Phasor representation of alternating quantities, Analysis of AC circuit.
[E] SINGLE PHASE AC CIRCUITS:
Introduction, j operator, Complex algebra, Representation of alternating qu
antities in rectangular and polar
forms, RL series circuit, RC series circuit, RLC series circuit, Admittance and its components, Simple method of
solving parallel AC circuits, Resonance.
[F] ELECTRICAL MACHINES:
Working principles of DC generator, DC mo
tor, Transformer, Three phase Induction Motor.
[G] DIODE THEORY:
Semiconductor theory, Conduction in crystals, Doping source, The unbiased diode, Forward bias, Reverse bias,
Linear devices, The diode graph, Load lines, Diode approximations, DC resistance
of a diode.
[H] DIODE CIRCUITS:
The sine wave, The transformer, The half wave rectifier, The full wave rectifier, The bridge rectifier, The
capacitor input filter, Diode clipper circuits, Diode clamper circuit.
[I] SPECIAL PURPOSE DIODES:
The Zener di
ode, The Zener regulator, Optoelectronic devices.
Text Books:
1.
Basic Electrical, Electronics and Computer
Engineering, 2
nd
Edition
By: R.Muthusubramanian, S.Dslivshsnsn,
K.A.Muraleedharan
Publisher: Tata McGraw Hill
2.
Electronics Principles
, 6
th
Edition
By: Albert Paul Malvino
Publisher: Tata McGraw Hill
Ref. Books:
1.
Electrical Engineering, 23
rd
Edition
By: B. L. Theraja
Publisher: S. Chand & Company Ltd
2.
Electrical Machines, 23
rd
Edition
By: B. L. Theraja
Publisher: S. Chand & Company Ltd
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of
Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
6
B.Tech. SEMESTER

I (EC/IC/CH/CL)
SUBJECT :
PROGRAMMING IN C (AX 123)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f 2007)
Teaching Scheme (Hours/W
eek)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lecture
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] INTRODUCTION:
Introduction to Computer Hardware & Operating System, Introduction to DOS commands & languages,
I
ntroduction to Programming in C.
[B] CONSTANTS, VARIABLES AND DATA TYPES:
Constants, Variables & Data types in C, Declaration & Initialization of a variable in C, Basic C programs,
Defining symbolic constants in C.
[C] OPERATORS AND EXPRESSIONS:
Operat
ors in C, & The ternary Operator, Arithmetic Expressions & Precedence Rule, Type conversion in C,
Mathematical Functions.
[D] MANAGING INPUT AND OUTPUT OPERATORS:
Reading / Writing of characters, Formatted Input operations, Formatted Output operations.
[E] DECISION MAKING AND BRANCHING:
Decision making with If & If...else statements, If... else statements (Nested …. Ladder), The switch &
goto
statements.
[F] DECISION MAKING AND LOOPING:
The while statement, the break statement & the do... while loop,
the for loop, Jump within loops

Programs.
[G] ARRAYS:
Development of simple programs using loops, Introduction to one dimensional array, Array Programs, Two
dimensional arrays, Initializing 2D arrays, Multidimensional arrays, Case studies on 2D and Mult
idimensional
arrays.
[H] CHARACTER STRINGS:
Introduction, Declaring and initializing of string variables, Reading strings from terminal, Writing strings on to
screen, Arithmetic operations on characters, Putting strings together, Comparison of two strings
, String
Handling functions, Table of strings, case studies on strings.
[I] USER DEFINED FUNCTIONS:
Introduction, Need for user defined functions, A multifunction program, The form of C functions, Return values
and their types, Calling a function, Catego
ry of functions, functions with No Argument and no return values,
Arguments but no return values, Arguments with return values, Handling of non integer functions, Nesting of
functions, Recursion, Functions with arrays, The scope and lifetime of variables i
n functions, ANSI C functions,
Points to remember, Case studies on functions.
Text Book:
1.
Programming in ANSI C, 3
rd
Edition
By: E. BALAGURUSAMY
Publisher: Tata McGraw Hill
Ref. Books:
1.
Let us C, 3
rd
Edition
By: Yashwant Kanitkar
Publisher: BPB publications
2.
Journey to C
By: Punit B. Ganshani
Publisher: Mahajan Publication House
3.
The C Programming Language
By: Brian W. Kernighan
Publisher: Prent
ice Hall
of India
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
7
B.Tech. SEMESTER

I (EC/IC/CE/CH/CL)
SUBJECT: ENGINEERING GRAPHICS (AF 115)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f. 2008

2009)
TEACHING SCHEME

Hr/week
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lectur
e
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(4 Hrs.)
Sessional
(1.5 Hrs)
Prac/Oral
T.W.
3
1
3
60
36+4

50
[A] PLANE GEOMETRY, ENGINEERING CURVES:
Construction of curves used in engineering such as Conics(Ellipse, Parabola, Hyperbola) Cycloidal curves

Cycloid, Epi

Cycloid, Hypo

Cycloid, Involutes, Archemedian spi
rals.
[B]
SOLID GEOMETRY:
Projections of Points, Projections of Lines, construction for H.T. & V.T., Applications of projection of points and
lines, Projections of regular planes such as square, rectangle, triangle,
circle, pentagon, hexagon, rhomb
us,
etc . Projections of Right & Regular Solids (Prisms, Pyramids, Cylinder and Cone).
[C] ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS:
First angle projection method and third angle projection method.Dimensioning techniques and methods.
Conversion of pictorial vi
ews into Orthographic Projections with dimensions.
[D] SECTIONAL ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION:
Orthographic vies with section, types of sections
–
Full section, Half section, offset section, Local section,
Partial section, Conventions adopted for sect
ional views, interpretation of orthographic views.
[E] ISOMETRIC PROJECTIONS:
Conversion of Orthographic views into Isometric Projections and views.
[F] MACHINE PARTS:
Sketches of various important machine parts with empirical dimensions: Types o
f threads, Bolts, various types
of Nuts, Locking devices for Nuts, Rod connections like Cotter Joint & Knuckle Joint, Shaft Couplings like
protected type shaft coupling and pin type flexible coupling, Bearings, Welded Joints, etc.
[G] COMPUTER GRAPHICS:
Introduction to Computer Graphics.
Text Books:
1.
Engineering Drawing
By: N. D. Bhatt
2.
Engineering Drawing Vol.1 & Vol. 2
By: P.J. Shah
Ref. Books:
1.
Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing.
By: Luzadder
2.
A
Text Book of Geometrical Drawing
By: P. S. Gill
3.
A Text Book of Machine Drawing
By: P. S. Gill
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dh
armsinh Desai University, Nadiad
8
B.Tech. SEMESTER

I (EC/IC/CE/IT/CH/CL)
SUBJECT: ENGINEERING MECHANICS (AF 114)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME
Teaching Scheme (Ho
urs/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lecture
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
4
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] STATICS:
Introduction, engineering and S.I.units, accuracy in engineering calculations, Vectors composition
and resolution,
concept of Rigid Body.
Resultant of a force system:
i) Concurrent Co planner Force System
ii) Non

concurrent Co planner Force System
(a) Parallel and
(b) non parallel
Using analytical as well as graphical methods.
iii) Sim
ple cases of concurrent force system in space.
Concept of internal force, free body diagram. Equilibrium of force system listed above.
Friction: Friction on an inclined plane, ladder friction, wedge friction, screw friction, belt and rope drive. Centre of
gravity of lines, plane figures, volumes, bodies and Pappu’s Theorem. Principle of Virtual Work and its application.
Types of Beams, Types of Supports, Support Reaction for statically determinate beams.
[B] DYNAMICS:
Rectilinear motion, Circular motio
n, Projectiles, Relative velocity, Instantaneous centre in plane motion. Laws
of Motion, Motion along an inclined plane, Principle of conservation of Momentum, Mass Moment of Inertia in
Rotational Motion, Motion of connected bodies, Impulse and Moment
um, Impact, work power and Energy, D
Alembert's principle, vibrations of SDOF systems. Motion along a smooth curve and super elevation.
Text Books:
1.
Mechanics for Engineers

Statics
By: F. P. Beer and E. R. Johnston Jr.
2.
Mechanics for Engineers

Dynam
ics
By: F. P. Beer and E. R. Johnston Jr.
3.
Engineering Mechanics: Statics & Dynamics
By: A. K. Tayal
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dh
armsinh Desai University, Nadiad
9
B.Tech. SEMESTER

I (EC/IC/CE/CH/CL)
SUBJECT: WORKSHOP

I (AF 116)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME
Teaching Scheme (Hours/W
eek)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lecture
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total


3



50
50
[A] INSTRUCTION:
Kinds of wood, types of carpentry tools, carpentry joints, plumbing tools, pipe fittings, tin Smithy a
nd soldering
tools.
[B] DEMONSTRATIONS:
Operation of wood working machines.
TERM WORK:
Each candidate shall submit the following term work.
1. Practice job in carpentry

one job.
2. Simple carpentry joint

one job.
3. Threading of pipe and pipe fittings

one job.
4. Tin smithy and soldering

one job.
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dh
armsinh Desai University, Nadiad
10
B.Tech.
SEMESTER

II (
EC/IC/CE/IT/CH/CL
)
SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS
–
II (AF201)
SYLL
ABUS & SCHEME
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs)
Sessional
(1 hr)
Practical
T.W.
Total
3
1

60
40


100
[A]
PARTIAL DIFFERENTIATION & ITS APPLICATIONS
:
Partial derivatives, Homoge
nous functions Euler's theorem, Total derivatives

Differentiation of implicit functions,
Change of variables, errors and approximations, Maxima & Minima of functions of two variables, Lagrange's
method of undetermined multipliers.
[B]
MULTIPLE INTEGRAL
S & THEIR APPLICATIONS
:
Double integrals, definition evaluation, change of order of integration, double integrals in polar co

ordinates, area
enclosed by plane curves, Triple integrals, change of variables, volume of solids.
[C]
INFINITE SERIES
:
In
troduction, Definitions, Convergence, divergence and Oscillation of a series, P

test, Comparison test, Ratio test,
Root test, Higher rario test, Rabbe's test, Log test, Alternating Series, Leibnitz's rule.
[D]
COMPLEX NUMBER :
Definition, elementary op
erations, Argan's diagram, De

Moivre's theorem, and its applications To expand
Sinn
,Cosn
in powers of sin
, cos
respectively, To expand sin
n
,Cos
n
and Sin
m
. Cos
n
in a series of Sines or
Cosines of multiples of
, Hyperbolic functions, Formulae of hyperbolic functions, Inverse hyperbolic functions,
Logarithm of complex quantities
. Separation of real and imaginary parts. C + iS method.
[E]
LAPLACE TRANSFORMS
:
Introduction, Definition Transforms of elementary functions, properties of Laplace
transforms, Inverse transforms,
Note on partial fractions, Transforms of derivatives,
Transforms of integrals. Multiplication and division by t,
convolution theorem.
Text Book :
1.
Higher Engineering Mathematics
By : Dr. B.S. Grewal
Publisher: Khanna publisers,Delhi
Ref. Books :
1.
Applied Mathematics for Engineers and
Physicists.
By :
Pipes & Harvill
Publisher:
Tata
McGraw Hill
2.
Applied Mathematics
By : P. N. & J. N. Wartikar
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
11
B.Tech. SEMESTER

II (EC/IC/CE/IT/CH/CL)
SUBJECT:
ELECTRONIC PRINCIPLES (AF 212)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f. 2007)
Teaching Sche
me (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lecture
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] BIPOLAR TRANSISTOR:
Some basic ideas, Forward

reverse bias, The CE connection, Transistor characteris
tics, DC load lines, the transistor
switch.
[B] TRANSISTOR BIASING CIRCUITS:
Base bias, Emitter

feedback bias, Collector

feedback, Voltage divider bias, Emitter bias, Moving ground around,
PNP circuits.
[C] CE AMPLIFIERS:
Coupling and bypass capacitors,
The superposition theorem for amplifiers, AC resistance of the emitter diode, AC
beta, The grounded emitter amplifier, The AC model of a CE stage, Introduction to h

Parameters & Comparison
with T & PI models.
[D] CC AND CB AMPLIFIERS:
The CC amplifier,
the AC model of an Emitter Follower, Types of coupling, Direct coupling.
[E] CLASS A AND B POWER AMPLIFIER:
The AC load line of a CE amplifier, AC load lines of other amplifier, Class A operation.
[F] OSCILLATORS:
Theory of sinusoidal oscillation.
[G] F
REQUENCY DOMAIN:
The Fourier series, the spectrum of a signal.
[H] FREQUENCY MIXING:
Nonlinearity, Medium

signal, operation with one sine wave, Medium signal operation with Two sine waves.
[I] AMPLITUDE MODULATION:
Basic idea, Percent modulation, AM spec
trum, the envelope detector, the super heterodyne Receiver.
[J] DIGITAL CIRCUITS:
Number systems, Complements, Error detecting codes, Boolean algebra, Logic gate ICs, RTL & DTL logic circuits,
and Simple Combinational circuits.
Text Books:
1.
Electronic Pr
inciples, 7
th
Edition
By: Albert Malvino and David J. Bates
Publisher: Tata McGraw Hill
2.
Electronic Principles , 3
rd
Edition
By: Albert Malvino
Publisher: Tata McGraw Hill
3.
Digital Electronics, 1
st
Edition
By: Morris Mano
Publisher: Prentice Hall
of
India
Ref. Books:
1.
Digital Electronics, 1
st
Edition
By: Anand Kumar
Publisher: Prentice Hall
of
India
2.
Principles of Electronics, 9
th
Edition
By: V. K. Mehta and Rohit Mehta
Publisher: S. Chand
& Company Ltd
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty
of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
12
B.Tech. SEMESTER

II (EC/IC/CH/CL)
SUBJECT:
ADVANCED C PROGRAMMING (AX 223)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f. 2007)
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lecture
Tutorial
Practical
Theor
y
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A]
STRUCTURES AND UNIONS:
Introduction, Structure definition, Giving values to members, Structure
initialization, Comparison of structure
variables, Arrays of structures, Arrays w
ithin structures,
Structures within structures, Structures and
functions, Unions, Size of structures, Bit fields, Case studies on structures and unions.
[B]
POINTERS:
Introduction, Understanding pointers, Accessing the address of a variable, Declaring a
nd initializing pointers,
Accessing a variable through its pointer, Pointer expressions, Pointer increments and scale factor, Pointers and
arrays, Pointers and
character strings, Pointers and functions, Pointers and structures, Pointers on pointers,
Case
studies on pointers.
[C]
FILE MANAGEMENT IN C:
Introduction, Defining and opening a file, Closing a file, Input/Output operations on Files,
Error handling
during I/O operations, Random access to files, Command line arguments, Case studies on file manage
ment.
[D]
DYNAMIC MEMORY ALLOCATION AND LINKED LISTS:
Introduction, Dynamic memory allocation, Concept of linked lists, Advantages of linked lists, Types of linked
lists, Pointers revisited, Basic list operations, Application of linked lists, Case studie
s on Dynamic memory
Allocation and linked lists.
[E]
THE PREPROCESOR:
Introduction, Macro Substitutions, File inclusion, Compiler control directives, ANSI Additions.
[F]
C GRAPHICS AND MOUSE PROGRAMMING:
Introduction to
C Graphics and Mouse Programming
.
Text Book:
1.
Programming in ANSI C, 3
rd
Edition
By: E. BALAGURUSAMY
Publication: Tata McGraw Hill
Ref. Books:
1.
Let us C, 3
rd
Edition
By: Yashwant Kanitkar
Publisher: BPB publications
2.
Journey
to C
By: Punit B. Ganshani
Publisher: Mahajan Publication House
3.
The C Programming Language
By: Brian W. Kernighan
Publish
er: Prentice Hall of India
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
13
B.Tech. SEMESTER

II (EC/IC/
CE/IT/CH/CL)
SUBJECT: MECHANICS OF SOLID (AF 204)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lecture
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] SIMPLE STRESSES A
ND STRAINS:
Introduction, stress, strain, tensile, compressive and shear stresses, Elastic limit, Hooke's law, Poisson's Ratio,
Modulus of Elasticity, Modulus of Rigidity, Bulk Modulus, Bars of Varying sections, Extension of tapering rods, Bars
of uniform
strength, temperature stresses, Hoop stress, stress on oblique sections, State of simple shear, Relation
between Elastic constants.
[B] MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS:
Ductility, Brittleness, Toughness, Malleability, Behavior of ferrous and non ferrou
s metals in tension and
compression, shear and bending tests, Standard test pieces, Influence of various parameters on test results, True
and nominal stress, Modes of failure, Characteristic stress

strain curves, Strain hardening, Hardness, Different
metho
ds of measurement, Izod, Charpy and tension impact tests, Fatigue, Creep, Correlation between different
mechanical properties, Effect of temperature. Testing machines and special features, Different types of
extensometers and compress meters, Measurement o
f strain by electrical resistance strain gauges.
[C] BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE:
Bending moment, shear force in statically determinate beams subjected to uniformly distributed, concentrated and
varying loads. Relation between bending moment, shear for
ce and rate of loading.
[D] MOMENT OF INERTIA:
Concept of moment if Inertia, Moment of Inertia of plane areas, polar moment of Inertia, Radius of gyration of an
area, Parallel Axis theorem, Moment of Inertia of composite Areas, product of Inertia, Princip
al axes and principal
Moments of Inertia.
[E] STRESSES IN BEAMS:
Theory of simple bending, Bending stresses, moment of resistance, modulus of section, Built up and composite
beam section, Beams of uniform strength, Distribution of shear stress in differen
t sections.
[F] TORSION:
Torsion of circular, solid and hollow section shafts, shear stress angle of twist, torsional moment of resistance,
power transmitted by a shaft, keys and couplings, combined bending and torsion, close coiled helical springs.
[G]
PRINCIPLE STRESSES AND STRAINS:
Compound stresses, principle planes and principle stresses, Mohr's circle of stress, principle strains, Angle of
obliquity of resultant stresses, principle stresses in beams, principle stresses in shafts subjected to bending
, torsion
and axial force.
Text Books:
1.
Strength of Materials
By: Timoshanko (Vol.1 & 2)
2.
Strength of Material
By: Popov
3.
Mechanics of Structure
By: Junnarkar S.B.
4.
Strength of Materials
By: S. Ramamrutham.
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
14
B.Tech. SEMESTER

II (EC/IC/CE/IT/CH/
CL)
SUBJECT: HEAT POWER (AF 215)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f. 2009

2010)
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorials
Practical
Theory
Sessional
T.W
Viva
Total
3
1
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] PROPERTIES OF STEAM:
Disti
nction between gas and vapour, sensible heat, latent heat, total heat and super heat of steam, condition
of steam, dryness fraction, methods of determination of dryness fraction, internal energy of steam, specific
volume, critical pressure and temperature.
[B] PROPERTIES OF GASES:
Zeroth, first and second laws of thermodynamics, laws of perfect gases(Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Regnault’s
law, Joule’s law), Characteristic equation of gas, gas constants, internal energy, specific heat at constant
pre
ssure and specific heat at constant volume, relationship between specific heats, thermodynamic processes
of perfect gases.
[C] FUELS & COMBUSTION:
Solid, liquid and gaseous fuels used for boilers and I.C. engines, combustion of fuels, air requi
red, products of
combustion of fuel, analysis of flue gases, calorific value of fuels and its determination.
[D] BOILERS:
Classification of boilers, Cochran & Babcock

wilcox boiler, boiler mountings and accessories, draught (Natural
& Artifi
cial).
[E] I. C. ENGINES:
Prime movers, classification of prime movers with examples of each classes, advantages of I.C. engines over
E.C. engines, classification of I.C. engines, thermodynamic air cycles (Carnot cycle, Constant volume auto
cycle
, Constant pressure Joule cycle, Diesel cycle), Air standard efficiency, construction and working of 2
–
stroke and 4
–
stroke cycle engines, P

v diagrams, determination of I.P., B.P., fuel supply in I.C. engines,
ignition system of I.C. engines, Cooling of I.
C. engines, Lubrication & governing of I.C. engines.
[F] SOLAR ENERGY:
Introduction to solar energy systems.
TERM WORK:
Term
–
work shall be based on the above syllabus.
Text Books:
1.
Elements of Heat Engines (S.I. Units)
Vol

1
By: R. C. Patel & C. J. Karamchandani
Publisher: Acharya Boo
k Depo
2.
Elements of Heat Engines (S.I. Units)
By: N. C. Pandya & C. S. Shah
Publisher:
Charotar
publishing house
Ref. Books:
1.
Heat Engine
By: P. L. Ballaney
2.
A Course in Thermodynamics and Heat
Engines
By: Kothandraman
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty o
f Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
15
B.Tech. SEMESTER

II (EC/IC/CE/IT/CH/CL)
SUBJECT: WORKSHOP
–
II (AF 206)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Schem
e (Marks)
Lecture
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total


3



50
50
[A] INSTRUCTION
Introduction to fitting shop tools, taps, dies, drills, drilling machines, welding process, welding Equipment for arc
welding,
forging tools, forging, bending, upsetting, drawing, adhesive bonding.
[B] DEMONSTRATIONS
Demonstration of general operation of drilling, turning, shaping.
TERM WORK:
Each candidate shall submit the following term work.
1. Filing and fittin
g practice

one job.
2. Simple welding joint

one job.
3. Forging practice

one job.
4. Wooden utility job with adhesive bonding

one job.
5. PCB making

one job
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
16
B.Tech.
SEMESTER

III (
EC/IC/CE/IT/CH/CL
)
SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS
–
III (AF301)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examinati
on Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs)
Sessional
(1 hr)
Practical
T/W
Total
3
1

60
40


100
[A]
FOURIER SERIES:
Euler's Formulae, condition for a Fourier expansion, functions having points of discontinuity, change of inte
rval, odd
& even functions, Expansion of odd & even periodic functions, Half

range series, practical harmonic analysis.
[B] NUMERICAL METHOD:
Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations, by Newton

Raphson method, Direct iteration method,
fa
lse position method, Solution of linear simultaneous equation : (1) Gauss

elimination (2) Gauss

Jordan
(3) Gauss

Siedal method , Numerical methods to solve first order and first degree ordinary differential
equations by Picard's method &Tay
lor's series method, Euler's Method, Modified Euler's Method, Milne's
Method, Runge's method, Runge kutta method.
[
C
]
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:
Linear differential equations of higher order with constant coefficients, equations reducible to linear equatio
ns with
constant coefficients, Simultaneous linear equations with constant coefficients. Application to engineering
problems. Series solution of differential equations of the second order with variable coefficients.
[
D
]
PARTIAL DIFFERE
NTIAL EQUATIONS:
Introduction, formation, linear equation of first order, non

linear equations of first order

Charpit's method,
homogenous linear equations with constant coefficient to find the complementary functions & the particular
integ
ral, non

homogenous linear equations with constant coefficients. Monge’s Method, Method of separation of
variables

vibrating string problem, Heat flow equation etc.
[
E
]
LAPLACE TRANSFORMS:
Application to differential equation, simultaneous linear eq
uation with constant coefficients.
Text Book:
1.
Higher Engineering Mathematics
By : Dr. B. S. Grewal
Ref. Books:
1.
A Text Book of Applied Mathematics
By : P.N. & J.N. Wartikar
2.
Mathematics for Engineering
By : Chandrika
Prasad
3.
A Text Book of Engineering Mathemetics
By : Dr. K. N. Srivastva & G. K. Dhawan
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Tec
hnology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
17
B.Tech. SEMESTER

III (EC/IC)
SUBJECT: LINEAR ELECTRONICS
–
I (CI 308)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f. 2007)
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme
(Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
4
0
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] JUNCTION

DIODE CHARACTERISTIC:
The Temperature Dependence of the V/I Characteristics, Diode Resistance, Space

Charge, or Transition
Cap
acitance C
T
, Charge controlled Description, Diffusion Capacitance, Junction

Diode Switching Times, Breakdown
Diodes, Tunnel Diodes, Sampling gate.
[B] BIPOLAR TRANSISTOR CHARACTERISTICS:
The Junction Transistor, Transistor Current Components, The Transist
or as an Amplifier, Transistor Construction,
The Common

Base (CB) Configuration, The Common

Emitter (CE) Configuration, The CE Cutoff Region, Currents,
The CE Saturation Region, Typical Transistor

Junction Voltage Values Common

Emitter Current Gain, Comm
on
Collector Configuration, Inverted Mode of Operation, Transistor Ratings, Additional Transistor Characteristics,
Transistor Switching Times.
[C] TRANSISTOR BIASING & THERMAL STABILIZATION:
The Operating Point of a BJT, Bias Stability, Self

Bias or Emit
ter Bias, Stabilization against Variations in I
co
, V
BE
and
, Bias compensation, biasing technique for linear integrated circuits, Thermistor & Sensitor Compensation
[D] FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF AMPLIFIERS:
Transistor Hybrid Model, The h Parameters, Conversi
on Formula For The Parameters of the Three Transistor
Configurations, Analysis of Transistor Amplifier Circuit Using h Parameters, The Emitter Follower, Comparison of
Transistor Amplifier Configurations, Miller’s Theorem and its Dual, The Hybrid Pi Commo
n Emitter Transistor Model
at high Frequency, Hybrid Pi Conductance’s, Hybrid Pi Capacitances, Validity of Hybrid Pi Model, Variation of
Hybrid Pi Parameters, The CE Shot Circuited Current Gain, Current Gain with Resistive Load, Single Stage CE
Transisto
r Amplifier Response, The Gain Bandwidth Product, Emitter Follower At High Frequency, Step Response of
an Amplifier, Band pass of Cascaded Stages.
[E] INTEGRATED

CIRCUITS: FABRICATION AND CHARACTERISTICS
Integrated Circuit (Microelectronic) Technology, Ba
sic Monolithic Integrated Circuits, Epitaxial Growth, Masking and
Etching, Diffusion of Impurities, Transistors for Monolithic Circuits, Monolithic Diodes, The Metal Semiconductor
Contact, Integrated Resistors, Integrated Capacitors, Characteristics of Int
egrated Components.
[F] FIELD

EFFECT TRANSISTORS:
Construction & characteristics of JFETs, Transfer characteristics, Depletion type MOSFET, Enhancement

type
MOSFET, MOSFET Handling, VMOS,CMOS,JFET biasing circuits, Depletion

type MOSFET biasing circuits,
Enhancement

type MOSFET biasing circuits, FET Small signal model, AC analysis of different types of biased FET
amplifiers.
Text Books:
1.
Integrated Electronics, 1
st
Edition
By: Millman & Halkians
Publisher: Tata McGraw Hill
2.
Electronic Dev
ices & Circuit Theory, 8th
Edidtion
By: Robert L. Boylestad & Louis Nashelsky
Publication: Prentice Hall
of
India
Ref. Book:
1.
Integrated Circuits, 9
th
Edition
By: K. R. Botkar
Publication: Khanna
Publications
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
18
B.Tech. SEMESTER

III (EC)
SUBJECT: ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION (EC 302)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f 2007)
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
4
0
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] DIRECT

CURRENT INDICATING INSTRUMENTS:
Suspension Galvanometer, Torque and Deflection of the Galvanometer, Permanent

Magnet Moving Coil
Mechanism, DC Ammeters, DC Voltmeters, Voltmeter Sensitivity, voltmeter

Ammeter
Method of Measuring
Resistance, Series

Type Ohmmeter Shunt

Type ohmmeter, Multimeter or VOM, Calibration of DC Instruments,
Alternating

Current indicating instruments Thermo instruments, Electrodynamometers in Power Measurements
Watt

hour Meter, Power

Fac
tor Meter, Instrument Transformers.
[B] BRIDGES AND THEIR APPLICATION:
Introduction, Wheatstone Bridge, Kelvin Bridge, Guarded Wheatstone Bridge, AC Bridges and Their Application,
Comparison Bridges, Maxwell Bridge, Hay Bridge, Schering Bridge,
Unbalance Conditions, Wien Bridge, Wagner
Ground Connection, Potentiometer.
[C] ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS FOR MEASURING BASIC PARAMETERS:
Amplified DC Meter, AC Voltmeter Using Rectifiers, True RMS

Responding Voltmeter, Electronic Multimeter,
Consideration
s in Choosing an Analog Voltmeter, Differential Voltmeters, Digital Voltmeters, Component Measuring
Instruments, Q Meter, Vector Impedance Meter, Vector Voltmeter, RF Power and Voltage Measurement.
[D] OSCILLOSCOPES:
Introduction, Oscilloscope Block Diagr
am, Cathode Ray Tube CRT Circuits, Vertical Deflection System, Delay Line,
Multiple Trace, Horizontal Deflection System, Oscilloscope Probes and Transducers, Oscilloscope Techniques,
Special Oscilloscopes.
[E] CONTROL ACTIONS AND CONTROLLERS:
Control Acti
ons like P, PI, PD & PID, Electronic controllers, Characteristics of different types of Control Valves.
[F] INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION:
Measurement schemes for Temperature, Pressure, Level & Flow with their industrial
applications, Distributed contr
ol system (DCS), Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)
Text Book:
1.
Electronic Instrumentation and
Measurement Technique, 5
th
Edition
By: Wlliam D. Cooper & Albert D. Helfrick
Publisher: Prentice Hall
of
India
Ref. Books:
1.
E
lectronics Measurment &
Instrumentation,1
st
Edition
By: R.K.Rajput
Publication: S. Chand
& Company Ltd
2.
Electronic Instrumentation, 2
nd
Edition
By: H.S.Kalsi
Publication: Tata McGraw Hill
3.
Electric
al & Electronic Measurement &
Measuring Instruments, 17
th
Edition
By: A.K. Sawhney
Publisher: Dhanpat rai
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of T
echnology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
19
B.Tech. SEMESTER

III (EC/IC/CE/IT)
SUBJECT: NETWORK ANALYSIS (EL 304)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f. 2
007)
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
4
0
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] DEVELOPMENT OF THE CIRCUIT CONCEPT:
Introduction, Charge and Energy, The Relation
ship of Field and Circuit Concepts, The Capacitance Parameter, The
Inductance Parameter, The Resistance Parameter, Units and scaling, Approximation of a Physical System as a
circuit.
[B] CONVENTIONS FOR DESCRIBING NETWORKS:
Reference Directions for Curren
t and Voltage, Active Element Conventions, The Dot Convention for Coupled
Circuits, Topological Description of Networks.
[C] NETWORK EQUATIONS:
Kirchhoff’s Laws, The Number of Network Equations, Source Transformations, Examples of the Formulation of
Netwo
rk Equations Loop Variable Analysis, Node Variable Analysis, Determinants: Minors and the Gauss Method,
Duality.
[D] INITIAL CONDITIONS IN NETWORKS:
Introduction, Initial Conditions in Elements, Geometrical Interpretation of Derivatives, A Procedure for
Evaluating
Initial Conditions, Initial State of a Network, Application of Laplace Transform to solution of 1st and 2nd order
differential equations arising in electrical circuits.
[E] FIRST ORDER DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:
General and particular solutions, T
ime constants, the integrating factor.
[F] SOLUTION OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:
Classical method of solution of first order and second order differential equations. Solution of first order and higher
order differential equations using Laplace Transformati
on.
[G] TRANSFORMS OF SPECIAL SIGNAL WAVEFORMS:
The Shifted Unit Step Function, The Ramp and impulse Functions, Waveform Synthesis, The Initial and Final Value
of f (t) from F(s), The Convolution Integral, Convolution as Summation.
[H] IMPEDANCE FUNCTION
S AND NETWORK THEOREMS:
The Concept of Complex Frequency, Transform Impedance and Transform Circuits, Series and Parallel
Combinations of Elements, Superposition and Reciprocity, Thevenin's Theorem and Norton's Theorem.
[I] NETWORK FUNCTIONS: POLES AND Z
EROS
Terminal Pairs or Ports, Network Functions for One Port and Two port. The Calculation of Network Function (1)
Ladder Networks (2) General Networks, Poles and Zeros of Network Functions, Restrictions on Pole and Zero
Locations for Driving

Point Functio
ns Restrictions on Pole and Zero locations for Transfer Functions, Time

domain
Behavior from the Pole & zero plot
[J] TWO PORT NETWORKS:
Relationship of two port variables, short circuit admittance parameters, the open circuit impedance parameters,
transm
ission parameters, the hybrid parameters, relationship between parameter sets, parallel connection of two
port networks.
Text Books:
1.
Network Analysis, 3
rd
Edition
By: M.E. Van Valkenburg
Publisher: Prentice Hall
of
India
2.
Network
Analysis and Synthesis, 3
rd
Edition
By: U. A. Patel
Publisher: Mahajan Publication House
Ref. Book:
1.
Circuit Theory

Analysis & Synthesis, 1
st
Edition
By: A. Chakrabarti
Publication: Dhanpat rai & Company
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
20
B.Tech. SEMESTER

III
(EC)
SUBJECT: CONTROL THEORY (EC 316)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f 2007)
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
4
0
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] INTRODUCTION:
Open loop and closed loop control system, Servomechanism, Historical development of control system, sampled
data & digital control system, Multivariable control system, Application in non engineering field.
[B] MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF PHYSICAL SYSTEMS
Int
roduction, Differential equation of physical systems, Transfer functions, Block diagram algebra, signal flow
graph.
(Note: Problems on electrical, mechanical & electromechanical systems only.)
[C] FEEDBACK CHARACTERISTICS OF CONTROL SYSTEMS:
Time respon
se, Time domain specifications, steady state and generalized error co

efficient.
[D] TIME DOMAIN ANALYSIS:
Introduction, Standard test signals, Time response of First & Second order system, Steady state error & error
constants and generalized error co

e
fficient (series).
[E] CONCEPT OF STABILITY AND ALGEBRAIC CRITERION:
The concept of stability, Necessary conditions for stability, Hurwitz’s & Routh’s stability criterion, Relative stability
Analysis.
[F] ROOT LOCUS TECHNIQUE:
Introduction, Rules of c
onstruction of root loci, sketching of root locus and applications.
[G] FREQUENCY DOMAIN ANALYSIS:
Frequency domain specifications, correlation between time and frequency domain specifications, Bode plot, Polar
plot.
[H] STABILITY ANALYSIS IN FREQUENCY
DOMAIN:
Introduction, Mathematical Preliminaries, Nyquiest Stability Criterion, Relative stability Analysis, Close Loop
Frequency Response, Constant M & N Circles, Nichol’s chart, Sensitivity Analysis in Frequency Domain.
Text Books:
1.
Control System Eng
ineering
By: Nagrath & Gopal
2.
Automatic Control Systems
By: S. N. Verma
Ref. Books:
1.
A Course in Control Engineering
By: A. Subbarao & Parag R. Desai
2.
Modern Control Engineering
By: K. Ogata
3.
Feedback Cont
rol Systems
By: Di Staffeno
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of
Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
21
B.Tech.
SEMESTER

IV (
EC/IC/CE/IT/CH/CL
)
SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS
–
IV (AF 401
)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs)
Sessional
(1 hr)
Practical
T/W
Total
3
1

60
40


100
[A] FUNCTIONS OF COMPLEX VARIABLE:
Analytic functions, Cauchy

Riemann equations, Harmonic functions, orthogonal system, complex potential
function, Determination of conjugate function, con
formal transformation, some standard transformations,
bilinear transformation, line integral, properties of complex integration, Cauchy's theorem and Cauchy's
integral formula.
[B]
MATRICES:
Fundamental concepts, operations, associated matrices, matrix m
ethod of solution of simultaneous equations,
Rank of matrix, Linear dependence of vectors, consistency of a system of linear equations, characteristic equation,
eigen roots & eigen vectors , Cayley

Hamilton theorem. Reduction of quadratic form to canoni
cal form.
[C] FINITE DIFFERENCES & DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS:
Finite difference, Interpolation, Newton's forward and backward and central differences and Lagrange's
formula, Sterling & Bessel's formula, Numerical differentiation & Integration, Trapezoida
l rule, Simpson's
(both) rules, Difference equations with constant coefficient. Z transform.
[D] VECTOR CALCULUS:
Vector function of a single scalar variable, Differentiation of vectors, simple applications to plane, motion,
scalar and vector point funct
ions, Del applied to scalar point function (gradient) Divergence of a vector point
function, curl of a vector, second order expressions, line integrals, surface integrals, Green’s theorem, Gauss
theorem and stoke's theorem.
[E] STATISTICAL METHODS:
Binom
ial distribution, poisson distribution, normal distribution, calculation of errors, probable errors, standard
error, coefficient of correlation, lines of regression.
Text Book:
1.
Higher Engineering Mathematics
By : Dr. B.S.Grewal
Ref. Book:
1.
A Text Book of Applied Mathematics
By : P.N. & J.N. Wartikar & Chandrika
Prasad.
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
22
B.Tech. SEMESTER

IV (EC/IC)
SUBJECT: LINEAR ELECTRONICS
–
II (CL 418 )
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f 2007)
Teaching S
cheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
4
0
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A]
P0WER CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS:
Amplifier Classification, Distortion in Amplifiers, Large

Signal Ampl
ifiers, Harmonic Distortion, , Efficiency of a Class
A Amplifier, Push

Pull Amplifiers, Class B amplifiers, Class AB Operation, Regulated Power Supplies, Series
Voltage Regulator.
[B] FEEBACK AMPLIFIER CHARACTERISTIC:
Classification of amplifiers, the
feedback concept, The Transfer Gain with Feedback, General
Characteristics of negative

feedback amplifiers, Input Resistance, Output Resistance, Method
Analysis of a feedback amplifier, Voltage

series feedback, Current

series feedback, Current

Shunt feedb
ack, Voltage

shunt feedback.
[C] OSCILLATORS USING TRANSISTOR:
Sinusoidal Oscillators, The phase

shift Oscillators, Resonant

circuit Oscillators, A general form of Oscillator
circuits, Colpitt’s Oscillator, Hartley’s Oscillator, Clapp’s Oscillator, Crysta
l Oscillators.
[D] OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER CHARACTERISTICS:
Differential amplifier, DC and AC analysis of bipolar differential Amplifier, The ideal operational amplifier,
Inverting and Non

inverting Amplifiers, Op

Amp Parameters, Measurement of Op

Amp Param
eters, General
description of various stages of Op

Amp, Open

loop and Closed

loop Frequency response, Op

Amp Stability,
Frequency Compensation.
[E] LINEAR APPLICATIONS OF OP

AMP:
Summing and Difference amplifiers, Integrator and Differentiator, Current

to

voltage converters, Voltage

to

current converters, Current Amplifiers, Voltmeters and Current meters, Instrumentation Amplifiers, Transducer
Bridge Amplifiers, Ideal and realistic frequency response of various filters, Basic first

order low

pass and high

pass filters, first order wideband band pass filters(phase

shifter), Second

order low

pass filters, Second

order
high

pass filters, Second

order Band

pass filters, Second

order Band

reject filters.
[F] NON

LINEAR APPLICATIONS OF OP

AMP:
Precision half

wav
e rectifiers, Precision full wave rectifiers, Log amplifiers, Antilog amplifiers, Zero crossing
detector, level detectors, Voltage magnitude comparator and window detector, Basic peak detectors using Op

Amps and comparators, Basic Sample and Hold circuits
,
Digital

to

Analog (D/A) Converters, Analog

to

Digital
(A/D) Converters.
[G] WAVESHAPING & WAVEFORM GENERATORS:
The Op

Amp as Voltage comparator, Some Applications of a comparator using Op

Amp, Schmitt trigger circuit, Basic Triangular wave generator,
Astable and Monostable multivibrator using Op

Amp, Introduction to 555 Timer, Timer 555 used in Astable and Monostable mode.
Text Books:
1.
Integrated Electronics, 1
st
Edition
By: Millman & Halkians
Publisher: Tata McGraw Hill
2.
Op

Am
p and Linear Integrated Circuits, 4
th
Edition
By: Ramakant A. Gayakwad.
Publication: Pearson
Education
Ref. Book:
1.
Integrated Circuits, 9
th
Edition
By: K. R. Botkar
Publication: Khanna Publications
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Tech
nology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
23
B.Tech. SEMESTER

IV (EC)
SUBJECT: OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING (EC 404)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f. 2009)
Teaching Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
4
0
2
60
40
25
25
150
[A] INTRODUCTION:
Comparison of C & C++, OOP concepts, OOP concepts (cont.), Introduction to programming in C ++ &
features, Input output operations using cin & cout.
[B] DATA TYPES AND OPERATORS:
Data types & operators.
[C] LOOPS AN
D DECISIONS:
Branching operations in C++, Looping operations in C++.
[D] FUNCTIONS:
Simple functions, Passing arguments & returning values from functions, Function overloading in C++, default
arguments.
[E] OBJECTS AND CLASSES:
Comparison of structure an
d class, Concept of classes and objects, Concept of constructor & destructor,
Passing and returning objects, Static data members and functions.
[F] ARRAYS:
Arrays in c++ including string as an array of characters, Array of objects & array within a class.
[G] OPERATOR OVERLOADING:
Operator overloading of unary operator, Operator overloading of binary operator, Conversion from basic to
user defined, Conversion from user defined to basic & user defined to user.
[H] INHERITANCE:
Inheritance defined, Concept
of Inheritance, single inheritance, Derived class constructor, function overriding,
Hierarchical & Multilevel inheritance, Multiple inheritance, constructor in multiple inheritance.
[I] POINTERS:
Introduction to pointers & pointer to an object, Pointers &
Arrays , Pointers & functions, Memory management
using new & delete, Pointer to a pointer.
[J] VIRTUAL FUNCTIONS:
Friend function, Member function as friend and friend class, Overloading of = and [ ] (array index) operator,
Containership, this pointer, H
ybrid inheritance, virtual base class, Virtual functions, dynamic binding,
Introduction to stream classes, Basic file operations, Handling of file pointers & command line arguments.
[K] HARDWARE INTERFACING:
Study of parallel port registers, inportb ( ) a
nd outportb ( ) function calls, Programming parallel port of a PC, LED &
Relay interfacing with a PC, Project development. Serial port interfacing basics.
[L] TEMPLATES & EXCEPTION HANDLING:
Template programming, Study of various Exception classes, Except
ion handling mechanisms, Generation of
Exceptions.
Text Book:
1.
Programming with ANSI C++
By:
Bhushan Trivedi
Publication:
Oxford Press
Ref. Books:
1.
Object Oriented Programming in Turbo
C++, 1
st
Edition
By:
Robert Lafore
Publication:
Galgotia Publications
2.
Let us C++, 1
st
Edition
By: Yashwant Kanetkar
Publication: BPB
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
24
B.Tech. SEMESTER

IV (EC/IC)
SUBJECT: ELECTRICAL MACHINES & POWER (CL 416)
SYLLABUS & SCHEME (w.e.f. 2008)
Teachin
g Scheme (Hours/Week)
Examination Scheme (Marks)
Lectures
Tutorial
Practical
Theory
(3 hrs.)
Sessional
(1 hr.)
Practical
T.W.
Total
4
0
2
60
40
25
25
150
PART

I: ELECTRICAL MACHINES
[A] DC MACHNIES:
Generator : Types of Generator, Iron Losses in Armat
ure, Total Losses in Gen., Stray Losses, Constant Losses
(losses), power stages, condition for maximum efficiency and power, No load saturation characteristics, load
saturation curve, internal, external characteristics of separately excited generator, cr
itical speed & resistance. All
of these characteristics without mathematical treatment.
Motor : Principle, comparison with generator action, condition for maximum power, back emf, torque equations,
speed regulation, comparison of shunt, series motor, powe
r stages, speed control methods for shunt & series
motors, 3 point starter.
[B] AC MACHINES:
Transformer
(1 ph Transformer) :
Working principle, construction, elementary theory of ideal transformer,
E.M.F. equation, transformer on no load and load, transf
ormer with winding resistance but no magnetic
leakage, equivalent resistance, magnetic leakage, transformer with leakage reactance and resistance, exact
volt drop, equivalent ckt, O.C. & S.C. tests, efficiency & regulation, why transformer are rated in kva
?, losses,
condition for maximum efficiency, all day efficiency, concepts of auto transformer, define buchol’z relay.
Single Phase Motors: Types,
Double Field Revolving Theory
, Making motor self starting, Types of capacitor
start

run motors, A.C. Series, U
niversal & Reluctance motors.
Three Phase Motors: Classification, merits & demerits, construction, why does rotor rotate, slip, frequency of rotor
current, Relation between torque & rotor p.f., starting torque of squirrel cage & slip ring motors, conditio
n for
maximum starting torque, effect of change in supply voltage on starting torque, torque slip characters, effect of
voltage on torque & speed, Induction motor as a generator, power stages, torque, mechanical power & rotor
output, analogy with mechanica
l clutch & d.c. motor, sector Induction motor, Linear Induction motor, brief of
starting methods & speed control of Induction motor, Concepts of Crawling & cogging ( Without mathematical
Treatment & Details ).
AC Starter:
DOL Starter, primary res. Starter
,
Aoto transformer, Star delta (only theory).
Alternators: Basic principle, difference with D.C. generator, construction, damper winding, factors affecting
alternator size, Alternator on load, synchronous reactance, vector diagram of a loaded Alternator,
determination of
voltage regulation by EMF method.
PART
–
II: ELECTRICAL POWER
[A] GENERATING STATIONS:
Non

conventional energy resources, schematic arrangement of Power plants

thermal, hydro, nuclear, diesel And
gas turbine.
[B] VARIABLE LOAD ON
POWER ST
ATIONS:
Structure of electric power system, load curves, important terms and factors, unit generated per annum, load
duration curves, types of loads, typical demand and diversity factors
.
[C] POWER FACTOR IMPROVEMENT:
Power factor, power triangle, Disadva
ntage of low pf, causes, (Significance of low and high power factor), (Kvar)
calculations, power factor improving equipment, importance of p.f. improvement, Most economical power factor.
[D] MECHANOCAL DESIGN OF OVER HEADING LINES:
Main components, conduc
tor materials, line supports, types of insulators, string Efficiency and its improvement.
[E] PERFORMANCE OF TRANSMISSION LINE:
Classification of overload transmission line, important terms, Performance of short transmission line.
[F] UNDER GROUND CABLES
:
Department of Electronics & Communication, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad
25
Construction of cables, insulating materials, classification, Cables for 3 phase service, dielectric stress in single
core cable.
[G] INTRODUCTION TO SWITCH GEAR:
Switchgear, essential features of switchgear, switchgear equipments, busbar arrangement,
switchgear
accommodation, short

circuit, short

circuit currents, faults in power system.
[H] CURCUIT BREAKER:
Arc phenomenon, principle and methods of arc quenching, important terms, oil ckt breaker, plain break oil ckt
breaker.
[I] FUSES:
Fuses, desira
ble characteristics of fuse element, Fuse element material, important terms, and types of fuse.
[J] RELAY:
Protective relays, Fundamental requirements of protective relaying, relay timing, important terms, time/P.S.M.
curve, and calculation of relay oper
ating time.
Text Books:
1.
Electrical Technology (Vol: II), 23
rd
Edition
By: B. L. Theraja
Publisher: S. Chand
& Company Ltd
2.
Electrical Power, 1
st
Edition
By: V. K. Mehta
Publisher: S. Chand
& Company L
td
Ref. Books:
1.
Theory and Performance of Electrical
Machine, 13
th
Edition
By: V.B. Gupta
Publication: Laxmi
2.
Electrical Engineering , 1
st
Edition
By: R.K. Rajput
Publication: Laxmi
3.
Course in Power System , 10
th
Edition
By: J. B. Gupta
Publication: S. K. Kataria & Sons
4.
Switchgear and Protection, 2
nd
Edition
By: J. B. Gupta
Publisher: S. K. Kataria
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