Part I (Civil)

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Oct 30, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Part I (Civil)

BASIC CIVIL ENGINEERING

-

(TC 1.1)

Introduction:

Engineering, Civil Engineering
-

History and Development of Civil Engineering, Scope
of Civil Engineering, Functions of Civil Engineers.

Construction Materials:

Characteristics of good buil
ding materials such as stones, bricks, A.C. Sheets, G.I sheets
and Ceramic tiles, timber, cement, aggregates and concrete.

Surveying:

Definition and purpose
-

classification, basic principles, measurement of length by chains
and tapes, calculation of are
a of a plot, measurement of bearings and angles using a
prismatic compass, leveling, contours and their applications, use of a transit theodolite.

General Concepts Relating to Buildings:

Selection of Site, Basic Functions of Buildings, Major Components o
f Buildings.

Foundations:

Purpose of foundation, bearing capacity of soils, types of foundations. Proper methods of
construction of: brick masonry, hollow block masonry
-

beams, lintels, columns, flooring,
damp proof course, surface finishes, doors and w
indows, roofing.

Environmental Engineering:

Sources of Water Supply, Water Requirements, Purification of Water InvolVing
Sedimentation, Filtration and Disinfections.

Sanitary Engineering:

Definition of Terms, Collection and Disposal of Solid Wastes, Se
wage Systems, Septic
Tanks, Oxidation Ponds.

Transportation Engineering:

Importance of Roads, Classification of Highways, Cross Sections of Water Bound
Macadam, Bituminous and Cement Concrete Roads, Traffic Signs and Signals.

Railways: Importance of Rai
lways, Gauges, Components of a Permanent Way.

Bridges: Components of Culverts, Causeways, Slab Bridge, T
-
Beam and Slab Bridge,
Suspension Bridge.

Functions and General Layout of a Harbour

Dams:

Purpose of Dams, Types of Dams, Earth, Masonry and Concrete
, Arch and
Buttress Dams Selection of Site for a Dam.

Irrigation Engineering:

Definition of Irrigation, Types of Irrigation, canal Irrigation System.

Recommended Books:

1. "Basic Civil Engineering", Johnson Victor, D and Esther Malini, Allied publisher
s Ltd.
Madras.

2. "Basic Civil Engineering" Arunachalam N, , Pratheeba publishers, Coimbatore 2000.

3. "Basic Civil Engineering" Ramesh Babu, V, Anuradha Agencies, Kumbakonam 2001.

TECHNICAL WRITING

-

(TC 1.2)

Study of Grammar:


-

Various Parts of spee
ch


-

Tenses

-

Transformation of sentences Degree of comparison Active & Passive voice,



Affirmatives,




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-

Negative


-

Exclamatory.


-

Conversion of simple sentences into compound and complex.


-

Interchange of one part of sp
eech for another.


-

Direct and Indirect speech.


-

Prepositions and prepositional phrases.


-

Punctuation.


-

Right use of articles.


-

Pair of words and common errors.

Business Correspondence:


-

General principle of business correspondence


-

Wr
iting different types of letters


-

Enquiries


-

Answers to enquiries


-

Circular letters




-

Complaints.

Comprehension:


-

Comprehension of simple passages on scientific and technical subjects.


-

Reports on accident in factories


-

Work progress



-

Repairs and damages,


-

Rise and fall in production and selection of site, etc.

Essays:

An essay on a subject of current topics Science & Humanity

Atomic energy

Games & their role in Society.

Recommended books:

1. "Communication Skills" P. Pras
ad, S.K.Kataria &Sons ,New Delhi

2. "Business Correspondence & Report Writing", Sharma & Mohan, Tata McGraw Hill
Co., New Delhi.

ENGINEERING PHYSICS AND APPLIED MECHANICS

(TC 1.3)

Units & Dimensions:

Fundamentals and derived units in SI system, Dimension
s of
physical quantities, Dimensional equation, checking the correctness of physical
equations, Derivations of physical relation, Limitations of dimensional analysis.

Equivalent Force Systems:

Replacement of force by equivalent couple and a force at
other

point, Resultant of a force system, Simplest resultants of coplanar force systems,
Wrench resultant, Resultant of parallel force systems, Distributed force systems.

Equilibrium Of Rigid Bodies:

Introduction, Different types of supports, Free body
diagram
s, Conditions of equilibrium, Different cases of equilibrium.

Centroid And Center Of Gravity:

Location of centroid and center of gravity, Centroid
of simple sections, Centroid of a composite line, Centro
id of composite section, C
.G. of
composite
-
bodies.

Friction:

Laws of dry friction or Coulomb Friction, Angle of friction, A block on a
horizontal plane, Two mating blocks, one on horizontal plane and other connected to a

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wall, Cylinder resting on a floor and against a vertical wall~ Angle of repose, A body

on
an inclined plane, Cylinder on an inclined plane.

Moment of Inertia (Second Moment of Area):

Introduction, Rectangular section,
Triangular section, Circular section, Polar moment of inertia, Parallel axes theorem

Simple Stresses And Strains:

Normal a
nd shear stresses, Longitudinal strain, Lateral
strain and Poisson's Ratio" Bars of varying cross
-
sections, bar subjected to various forces,
Extension under self weight of bar, Shear stress and shear strain, Complementary shear
stress, Volumetric stress an
d volumetric strain, Statically inderminate problems, Tensile
test on mild steel, Strain energy and resilience, Sudden load, Impact loads, Stress
concentration in members under tensile force, factor of safety.

Plane Trusses:

Determination of support react
ions, Determination of forces in members
of the truss, Method of joints, Method of sections, and Graphical method.

Shear Force And Bending Moment Diagrams:

Various types of beams, Shear force
diagram of simply supported beam subjected to concentrated load
s, S.F. Diagram of a
simply supported beam subjected to uniformly distributed load, S.F. Diagram of a
cantilever subjected to a concentrated load, S.F. Diagram of a cantilever subjected to a
uniformly distributed load, Bending Moment Diagram of a simply su
pported beam
carrying a concentrated load, Bending Moment Diagram of a SS Beam subjected to
uniformly distributed load, Bending Moment diagram of a cantilever subjected to a
concentrated load, Bending Moment Diagram of a cantilever carrying a uniformly
dis
tributed load, S.F. and B.M. Diagrams of a beam with variable loading, S.F. and B.M.
Diagrams of a beam subjected to a moment.

Rotational & Simple Harmonic Motions:

Moment of inertia & its significance, Torque,
Angular moment & their interrelation. Expres
sion for K.E. of rotation, Simple harmonic
motion Derivation of displacement, velocity, acceleration, time period & frequency,
Expression for time period.

Heat Transfer:

Three modes of heat transfer, Co
-
efficient of thermal conductivity, its
determination

by Searles & Disc method, Conduction through compound media (series &
parallel for two materials), Heat radiation, Characteristics of heat radiation, Prevosts
theory of heat exchange, Black Body Radiations, Emissivity & Absorptivity, Kirchoff's
law & Stef
an's law of radiation.

Sound:

Waves, superposition & interference of waves, Acoustics of buildings & ultra
sonics

Electricity & Electromagnetism:

Ohm's law, current & resistance, D.C. circuits &
Kirchoff's laws, Magnetism & electromagnetism.

Recommended

Books:

1. "Applied Physics" Eagle Publishers

ENGINEERING MATHMATICS

-

(TC 1.4)

Algebra:

Logarithm, theory of indices and their usage, Solution of quadratic and
simultaneous equations. Partial fractions: The denominator having linear and qua
dratic
factors

(repeated and no
nrepeated).

Binomial Theorem:

Statement without proof of the binomial theorem for positive
integer index, binomial expansion and the general term. Statement of general Binomial
theorem (expansion only) first and second order binomial appr
oximation.

Vector Algebra:

Definition, notation and rectangular resolution of a vector. Addition
and subtraction of vectors. Scalar and vector products of two vectors.


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Trigonometry:

Trigonometric ratios: Definitions, Inverse Trigonometry function:

T
-
rat
ios of angles between 0° and 360°, Solution of simple trigonometric equation
between 0° and 360° only. Sum/difference formulae (without proof) and their
applications. T
-
ratios of multiples and
submultiples

of angles (2A, 3A, A/2 only), Sine
and Cosine form
ulae

Co
-
ordinate Geometry: Point: Cartesian and polar co
-
ordinates and their conversion,
distance between two points, internal and external division formulae (without proof), co
-
ordinate of centroid and in center (without proof), problems on locus. Distan
ce & section
formulae

Straight
-
line:

Equations of a straight line in various standard forms, inter
-
section of
straight lines, Angle between two straight lines. Perpendicular distance formula.

Circle:

The equation of a circle in standard and general forms
. Finding equation of a
circle when:

(a) Its center and radius are given.

(b) Any three points on it are given

Complex Number:

Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, & Division of Complex
Number.

Differential Calculus:

Rate measure, Calculation of erro
rs, Newton's method of solving
equations, Tangent and normal to a curve for explicit functions only, Maxima & Minima.

Integral Calculus:

Simple problems on area bounded by a curve and axis and volume of
a solid formed by revolution of an area about axes,
Average and rms values

Ordinary Differential Equations:

Definitions, First order and first
-
degree equations,
Variable separable, Homogeneous and Exact equations and their solutions, Higher order
linear differential equations with constant coefficients.

R
ecommended Books:

1. "Applied Mathematics''''K.K Malhotra, S.K Kataria & Sons, New Delhi.

ENGINEERING DRAWING

-

(TC 1.5)

Handling Use and Care of Drawing Instruments and Materials:

Drawing
instruments, Materials, Layout of drawing sheets

Lettering Techn
ique and Practice:

Instrumental single stroke lettering of 35mm and
70mm height in the ratio of 7:4 Free hand lettering (Alphabet and numerals) lower case
and upper case, single stroke and block letters, vertical and inclined at 75 degree in
different stan
dards, series of 3, 5, 8 and 12mm heights in the ratio of 7:4

Projection and Isometric Views:

Theo
ry of projections (elaborate theoretical
instructions), drawing 3 views of given objects (Non symmetrical objects may be selected
for this exercise), Drawing

6 views of given objects (Non
-

symmetrical objects may be
selected for this exercise), Identification of surfaces on drawn views and objects drawn,
Exercises on missing surfaces and views, Orthographic drawing or interpretation of
views, Introduction to t
hird angle projections, Fundamentals of isometric projections
(Theoretical instructions), Isometric views from 2 or 3 given orthographic views,
Preparation of simple drawing of Furniture items like table, stool etc.

Symbols and Conventions (1
S
1):

Civil En
gineering sanitary fitting symbols, Electrical
fitting symbols for domestic interior
installations
, Simple Building plan drawing with
electrical and civil engineering symbols.


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Building Drawing:

Drawing plan, elevation & section of residential building (si
ngle &
double stories). Free Hand Drawing showing placement, construction of different joints
and anti
-
termite treatments.

Recommended Books:

1. "A Text Book of Engineering Drawing", J.S. Loyal, Eagle Publishers.

2. "Engineering Drawing" P.s.GiII, S.K.K
ataria & Sons, New Delhi

ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY

-

(TC 1.6)

Solid State Chemistry:

Introduction, Elements of Symmetry, Space Lattice and the Unit
Cell, Miller Indices, Rules for
Obtaining

the Miller Indices of a Plane, Point Groups and
Space Groups, X
-
Ray a
nd Crystal Structure, Structure of Solids
-
Close Packing of
Spheres, Types of Solids (Insulators, Semiconductors and Metals), Defects in the Solid
State, Applications of Semiconductors.

Thermodynamics:

Introduction, The Language of Thermodynamics, Heat and

Work,
Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, First Law of Thermodynamics, Thermodynamics,
Enthalpy Change as a Function of Temperature, Adiabatic Processes, Carnot's Cycle and
Heat Engines, Entropy, The Second Law of Thermodynamics, Free Energy Changes,
Third Law
of Thermodynamics, The Chemical Potential, Free Energy Changes and
Chemical Equilibria.

Phase Equilibria:

Introduction, Definition, Derivation of the Phase Rule, One
-
Component Systems, Two
-
Component Systems, The Nernst Distribution Law, Solid
-
Liquid Syste
ms
-
Condensed Systems,
Alloys,

Electrode Potentials and Batteries:

Introduction, Electrode Potentials and
Electromotive Force, Concentration Cells, Applications of EMF, Measurements,
Polarization and Electrolysis, Commercial Cells.

Corrosion and its Preven
tion:

Introduction, Corrosion of Metal in Gaseous
Environments (Dry Corrosion), Wet Corrosion, Atmospheric Corrosion and Soil
Corrosion, Protective Measure against Corrosion, Other
forms, of

Corrosion.

Protective Coatings:

Introduction, Pretreatment of th
e Surface, Metallic Coatings,
Nonmetallic Coatings, Organic Protective Coatings, Film
-
Forming Materials or Binders,
Types of Paints and their uses, Defects in Paint Films.

Fuels:

Introduction, Classification of Fuels, Primary, Solid Fuels, Primary Fuels (
Liquids
and Gases), Secondary Fuels and other Products Derived from Coal,
Secondary

Fuels
Derived from Petroleum, Petrochemicals, Industrial Practice, Analysis and Testing of
liquid

and Gaseous Fuels, Utilization of Fuels, Combustion Calculations, Nuclear
Fuels,
Solar Power, Other Sources of Energy.

High Polymers:

Introduction, Polymerization and Functionality, Nomenclature of
Polymers, Chain Polymerization by Ionic Mechanisms, Coordination Polymerization,
Polymerization Processes, Some Important Plastics,

Polymer Degradation and Additives
for Polymers, Structure and Properties, Molecular Weights of Polymers.

Environmental Pollut
ion and its Control:

Introduction, Water Pollution, Industrial
Wastes, Air Pollution.

Recommended Books:

1. "Physical Chemistry
", PW Atkins ELB5,

2. "Physical Chemistry", Glasston

3. "Chemistry in Engineering and Technology", Kuriacose and Rajaram, Tata McGraw
Hill, 1991


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4. "Physical Chemistry", WJ Moore

5. "Instrumental Methods of Analysis", HH Willard, LL Meritt, JA Dean, FA

settle

Part II (Civil)

SURVEYING

-

(TC 2.1)

Introduction:

Content of surveying, Purpose of Surveying, Measurements
-
linear and
angular, units of measurements, classification of survey based on Instruments,
Instruments used for taking these measurement, Ba
sic Principles of Surveying

Chain Surveying:

Purpose of surveying, Principle of chain surveying, Equipment used
in chain surveying, chain types, ranging roads, arrows, pegs, cross staffs, Indian optical
square, their construction and use.

Different opera
tions in chain surveying
-

Ranging (Direct/Indirect), Offsets
(Perpendicular/oblique), Chaining (Flat and slopping ground), Conducting chain survey
over an area, recording the field data, plotting the chain survey, conventional signs,
Obstacles in chain sur
veying
-
Errors in chain surveying, Correction for erroneous length
of chain, simple problem on this, Testing and adjustment of chain and Indian optical
square.

Compass Surveying:

Purpose of compass surveying, construction and working of
prismatic compass,
use of prismatic compass, setting and taking observations.

Concept of

• Meridian, Magnetic and true

• Bearing, Magnetic, True and Arbitrary

• Whole circle bearing and reduced bearing

• Magnetic dip and declination.

Local Attraction
-
causes, detection,

errors and correction, problems on local attraction,
magnetic declination, calculation of included angles in a compass traverse.

Concept of traverse, open and closed. Traversing with a compass, Checks for an open and
closed traverse, plotting a traverse
-
By included and deflection angles, concept of closing
error, adjustment of traverses graphically by proportionate method.

Levelling:

Purpose of leveling, concept of level surface, horizontal surface, vertical
surface, datum, reduced level and benchmarks.
Principle and construction of dumpy and
LO.P (Tilting) levels. Concept of line of collimation, axis of the bubble tube, axis of the
telescope and vertical axis. Levelling staff: single Piece, folding, sop With, invar
precision staff. Temporary adjustment:
setting up and leveling, adjusting for parallax of
dumpy, and LO.P level, Differential Levelling. Concept of back sight, Foresight,
Intermediate sight, station change point, height of Instrument.

Level book and reduction of levels by: Height of collimatio
n method and Rise and fall
method. Arithmetic checks, problem on reduction of levels, fly leveling, check leveling
and profile leveling (L
-
section and

X
-
section), errors in leveling and precaution to
minimize them and permissible limits, reciprocal level
in
g, testing and adjustment of
I.
O.P level. Numerical problem

Plane Table Surveying:

Purpose of plane table surveying, Equipment used in plane table
survey, Plane tube, Alidade (Plain and telescopic), Accessories, Setting of a plane table:
Centering, Levell
ing, Orientation, Methods of plane table surveying, Radiation,
Intersection, Traversing, Resection, Two point problem, Three point problem by
Mechanical method (Tracing paper), Bessel's graphical method, Trial and error method,

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Errors in plane table survey

and precautions to control them. Testing and adjustment of
plane table and alidade

Contouring:

Concepts of contour, Purpose of contouring, contour interval and horizontal
equivalent, factors affecting contour interval, characteristics of contours, method

of
contouring: Direct and indirect, use of stadia measurements in CGRteur survey,
interpolation of contours; use of contour map, drawing cross
-
section from a contour map,
marking alignment of a road, railway and a canal on a contour map, computation of ea
rth
work and reservoir capacity from a contour map.

Theodolite Surveying:

Working of a transit vernier theodolite, fundamental axis of a
theodolite and their relation: temporary adjustments of a transit theodolite; concept of
vernier, l
east count and read
ing a vernier

concept of transiting, swinging, Face left, Face
right and changing face; measurement of horizontal and vertical angles, prolonging a
line(forward and backward),measurement of bearing of a line traversing by included
angles and deflection ang
le method ;traversing by stadia measurement, theodolite
triangulation, plotting a traverse, concept of coordinate and solution of omitted
measurements (one side affected),errors in theodolite survey and precautions taken to
minimize them, limits of precisi
on in theodolite traversing, brief introduction to
tacheometry and use of tacheometric tables

Minor Instruments:

Study and use of the instruments given below:

Abney level, Tangent clinometer, Proportionate compass, Ceylone Ghat Tracer,
Pentagraph, Planim
eter

Recommended books:

1. "Surveying and Levelling" B.C.Punrnia, Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun Kr. Jain, Luxmi
Publications, New Delhi

2. "Surveying"C.L.Kochhar, S.K.Kataria & Sons, New Delhi

3. "Surveying & Levelling" T. P.Kanetkar

FLUID MECHANICS AND MACH
INERY

-

(TC 2.2)

Fluid Properties:

Dimensions and units
-

continuum
-
Density
-
Specific weight, Specific
gravity, Viscosity
-

surface tension, Capillarity, Compressibility
-

Vapour pressure.

Fluid Statics:

Pressure relation
-

Pascal's law
-

Measurements of p
ressure, Forces on
plane and curved surfaces
-

total pressure and center of pressure.

Equations of fluid flow:

Types of flow, stream line
-
stream tube
-

Control volume,
Continuity equation @one dimensional and three dimensional flow, velocity potential
and

stream function
-

free and forced vortex flow
-

Energy equation
-

Euler's equation in
one dimensional from
-

Bernoulli equation

Flow Measurements:

Venturi meter
-

Orifice meter
-

Pitot tube
-

Weirs and Notches.

Flow Through Pipes:

Loss of energy in pipe
s
-

Major energy loss
-

Minor energy losses,
pipes in series and parallel
-

power transmission through pipes, Syphon
-

Water hammer
(Definition)

Pumps:

Impulse momentum equation
-
impacts of jets, plane and curved, stationary and
moving plates

Pumps Classif
ication:

Positive displacement pumps, reciprocating pu
mps
-
operating
principles, slip
indicator diagram, separation
-

air vessels. Centrifugal pumps, operation,
velocity triangles
-

performance curves
-

cavitation, multistaging
-

selection of pumps

Turbine
s:

Impulse Momentum Equation
-
moment of momentum equation (theory only)
-

turbine classification
-

working principles, Pelton wheel, Francis, Kaplan turbines
-


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velocity triangles
-

similarity laws
-

specific speed
-

governing of turbines
-

surge tanks
-
misc
ellaneous pumps
-

jet pump, gear oil pump
-

submersible pump
-

principle.

Recommended Books:

1. "A Text book of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines" Modi, P.N. & Seth, S.M.,
Standard Book House, New Delhi, 10th edition, 1991.

2. "A Text book of Fluid

Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines" Rajput, R.K., S.Chand and
Co. New Delhi, 1998.

SOIL MECHANICS

-

(TC 2.3)

Mechanical Properties:

Objective and importance of Geotechnical engineering
-
physical
properties of soil
-
phase relations
-
grain size distribution
-
Att
erberg limits
-
se
nsitivity and
thixotropy of clays
classification of soils as per B.LS

Permeability and Seepage:

One dimensional flow through soil
-
permeability
-
Darcy's
law
-
field and laboratory permeability tests
-
flow through stratified soil
-
seepage pressur
e
and quick sand phenomenon, two dimensional flow, Laplace equation
-

electrical analogy
-
flow net applications for sheet pile cut off and earth dam
-
phreatic line
-
piping.

Compaction and Consolidation:

Compaction
-
Proctor's test, moisture density relations
-
fa
ctors affecting compaction
-
field compaction methods
-
field compaction contr
ol
-
primary
consolidation concep
t

void ratio, pressure curve, field curve
-
laboratory test
-
Definition of
terms
-
consolidation, settlement

consolidation pressure
-
Terzaghi's theory of one

dimensional consolidation
-
partial differential equation(no analytical solution)
-

Boundary
condition
-
time factor
-
time rate of consolidation
Determination of CV.

Stress Distribution and Settlement:

Concept of effective and neutral stresses
-
soil water
stat
ics

capillary phenomenon
-
vertical stress distribution in soil
-
Boussinesq equation
-
line
load
-
uniformly distributed load
-
influence chart
-
approximate methods
-
Westergaard's
equation
-
pressure bulb
-
causes of settlement
-
components of settlement
-
Immediate and
cons
olidation settlement
-
methods of minimizing settlement
-
Codal provisions.

Shear Strength & Stability of Slopes:

Shear strength of soil, importance
-

Mohr
-
Colomb's strength theory, Laboratory & field test, factor affecting shear strength, types of
shear tests
-

test based on drainage condition, behaviour of saturated cohesive soil.
Stability of slopes, infinite & finite slopes types of failure, slip circle method, friction
circle method, Taylor's stability chart.

Recommended Books:

1. "Soil Mechanics and Foun
dations", Punima B.C., Sauara & Co., Madras 1988

2. "Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering", Arora, K.R., Standard Publishers
Distribution, New Delhi,1987.

3. "Geotechnical Engineering", Venkatramiah, Willey Eastern Ltd., 1993

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

-

(TC 2.4)

Introduction:

Fundamental & derived units, system of units, Mathematical useful data,
various laws of forces and their application.

Simple Stresses &. Strains:

Stress
-
strain & their types, Hooks law & Young's modulus,
Deformation of body due to s
elf weight or force acting on it. Stresses in bars of varying
section stresses in nuts & bolts.

Thermal Stresses &. Strains:

Introduction, Thermal stresses in simple bars, Tapering
section
, varying section & composite bars.

Bending &. Shearing Stresses i
n Beams:

Theory of simple bending with assumptions.
Bending stresses and their distribution across the section. Bending stresses in

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symmetrical and unsymmetrical sections. Shear stresses in a loaded beam. Distribution of
shear stresses over various section
s, viz rectangular, circular & I sections.

Deflection of Beams:

Introduction, relation between slope, deflection and radius of
curvature. Method for slope and deflection for simple supported beam with center point
load, eccentric point load and uniformly
distribution load. Moment area method for slope
and deflection. Mohr's theorems and Macaulays method.

Torsion of Circular Shafts:

Torsion stresses and strains. Strength of solid and hollow
shafts. Strain energy due to torsion, Design of shaft couplings, b
olts and keys.

Riveted &. Welded Joints:

Types of riveted joints and their applications. Design of
riveted joint. Strength and efficiency of riveted joints. Types of rod joints, Knuckle and
Cotter joints.

Types of Welded Joints:

Advantages and disadvanta
ges of welded joints, strength of
welded joints. Springs: Stiffness of a spring. Types of springs and their applications.
Helical springs. Closely coiled helical springs subject to axial and twist load. Open coiled
helical springs and springs in series and

parallel.

Columns &. Struts:

Introduction, failure of columns and struts. Euler's column theory
with assumptions and limitations. Types of end conditions of columns. Slenderness ratio,
Rankine's formulae for column. Indian standard code for columns.

Rec
ommended Books

1. "Strength of Materials" R.S. Khurmi, S.Chand & Co New Delhi.

2. "Strength of Materials" Brinder Singh, S. K. Kataria & Sons New Delhi.

3. "Strength of Material" ,M.Chakravati, S.K.Kataria & Sons New Delhi.

BASIC STRUCTURAL DESIGN

-

(T
C 2.5)

Structure and Design Concept:

Classification of Structures:

Function, material, and shape
-
different structural system
-
requirement of structures
-
basic structural
requirements
-
stability, strength & stiffness
-
design process
-
codes of practice. Working
stress metl1od
-
limit state method of design
-
probabilistic approach to design
-
load and resistance
-
design for strength, stiffness and
stability consideration
-
choice between different structural materials
-
concrete, timber,
masonary and steel.

Structural Load
s:

Dead load
-
live load
-
wind load
-
calculation of wind load for a
structure
-
Seismic loaddbuoyancy and thermal loads, Design 'of masonary walls and
columns axially loaded, square and rectangular columns with uniaxial eccentricity loaded
walls with openings
-
no
n load bearing walls.

Laterally Loaded Masonary Structures:

Structures and loads
-
stability

of masonary
-
middle third rul
e

masonary dams
-
trapezoidal dams
-
retaining walls.

Load Distribution Elements:

Bed blocks
-
spread footing for walls and columns
-
area
base
d on safe bearing capacity

Design of Reinforced Masonary:

Introduction
-
basic concepts
-
limit state design of
reinforced brick masonary
-
Iintels
-
axially loaded columns.

Timber
-
Flexural And Compression Members:

Factors effecting the strength
-
permissible
stre
sses
Design for bending, shear and bearing, Flitched beams
-
solid and
built up columns
-
combined bending and direct stress, application to form work.

Bolted and Welded Joints:

Bearing and friction type of bolts
-
splicing joints
-
joints
subjected to moment and

direct load and torsion
-
butt and fillet welds
-
joints subjected to
shear, bending and torsion.


Page
10

of
29


Recommended Books:

1. "Structural Design in Steel, Masonary and Timber", Nemchand and 8ros., Roorkee,
1987.

2. "Bricks and Reinforced Brick Structures", Dayar
athnam P., Oxford & IBH Publishing
Co, (pvt) Ltd, New Delhi.

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

-

(TC 2.6)

Water Quality and Perspectives:

Water quality parameters and analysis
-
physical,
chemical and biological
-
MTFT & MFT methods
-
water quality standards and planni
ng
factors in India
-
objectives of public water supply scheme
-
Health, Acceptability,
Adequacy,

convenience and Economy aspect
s

population forecasts
-

percapita demand
and variation in demand pa
ttern
-
Rural water supply scheme
Necessity and state of art
-

meth
ods.

Water Supply Sources:

Surface, subsurface, and ground waters hydrology an
d
impounded storag
e

requirements
-
mass
-
inflow curve and analytical methods
-
hydraulics of
ground water flow,∙ estimating yields of wells by steady state methods (Without
derivatio
n)
-
intake structures for different sources
-
River, canal, lake, reservoir, wells and
infiltration galleries
-
construction, development and sanitary protection of wells
-
salt water
intrusion and control strategies
-
rain water harvesting.

Water Transmission Sys
tems:

Gravity and pressure systems
-
Hydraul
ics and design of
pressure pipe
s

analytical methods and monograms
-
series and parallel pipes
-
different
materials of pipes
-
selections and class of pipes
-
laying, jointing and testing of commonly
used pipes, appurtenan
ces of pipes
-
pumps and their selections
-
pumping stations
-
automatic controls.

Water Treatm
ent Processes:

Characteristics of surface and ground waters
-
convention
and unconventional treatment schemes
-
principles, functions and design of flash mixer,
f1occulat
or sedimentation tank, slow and rapid sand filters, and disinfections processes
-
principles of loan balancing bar graph, water softening, aeration, iron and magnese
removal and fluoride removal.

Distribution and Storage Systems:

Types, functions and re
quir
ement of distribution
syste
m

pressure requirements and surveys
-
analyses of distribution systems
-
method of
section, equivalent pipe method, and hardy cross method of balancing network
-
operation
and maintenance of∙ distribution systems
-
Leak detection, Corros
ion control and
Leangelier index, and lin
ing of pipes
-
storage reservoirs
types, functions, locations, and
capacity
-
house connection and appurtenances.

Recommended Books:

1. "Water Supply and Waste Water Engineering". Raju B. S. N, Tata Mcgraw Hill Book
C
o, New Delhi, 1995

2 Water and Waste Water Technology 2nd Edn. (SI Version)", Hammer M. J, John
Villey and Sons, N. V, 1986.

3. "Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering 8th Edn", Birdie, G. S., and Birdie, J. S,
Dhanpat Rai and Sons Ltd,1997.

CONSTRUCTION

TECHNOLOGY

-

(TC 2.7)

Site Planning:

Precautions in selection of sites, the situation and surroundings of site for
various types of building, elel11ents of building planning, requirements, orientation,
ventilation and lighting.


Page
11

of
29


Foundation:

setting out fo
undation plan on ground, concept of foundation, bearing
capacity of a good foundation, types of foundation and their construction, suitability,
Foundation in black cotton soil, Methods of timbering of trenches, Foundation failures
and remedial measures.

B
rick and Stone Masonry:

Types of bond in brickwork and their suitability, general
principles and precautions in brick masonry, factors affecting thickness of walls,
construction of brick masonry, methods of bonding new brick work with old brick work.
Compa
rison of brick and stone masonry, strength of Brick Masonry, Classification as per
IS code, Classification of Stone masonry, general principles and precautions in stone
masonry, specification and construction of stone masonry, composite masonry, lifting
ap
pliances, Concrete hollow block masonry.

Roofs and Floors:

Roof covering materials, Specification for laying Mangalore Tiles,
Asphalt roofing sheets, Asbestos cement sheets, Aluminum sheets and GI sheets.
Accessories for drainage works, shapes of gutters
and their sizes, Different types of
supporting trusses for the roofing sheets, Timber and concrete roofs, different types of
floors, suitability and construction of floors and floor finishes Anti termite treatment.

Doors, Windows and Staircases:

Different

types of doors and windows and their
suitability, Timber, steel, aluminum and synthetic. Stair and staircases: Concept,
requirement of a good stair, principles to be observed for planning anQ layout of stairs,
classification of stairs according to their l
ayout and materials of construction.

Water Proofing and Damp Proofing:

Techniques of plastering, types of rendering,
types of pointing and their suitability, Application of paints for new and old work of
timber, steel and plaster, preparation and applicat
ion of white washing and distempering,
weathering course. Damp proofing, causes of dampness, III effects, Methods of
preventing dampness, Types and classification of damp proofing materials, requirements
of an ideal material for damp proofing, methods of p
roviding DPC under different
situations.

R.C.C. Work:

Methods of construction of R.C.C.slabs, beams & columns,
Miscellaneous Construction, Features: Construction sequences: Construction sequences
and procedure for RC framed structures with masonry panel w
alls, load bearing wall
structures, industrial shed type building. Expansion joints: Types and provision of
expansion joints for foundations, floors, walls, roofs, beams and slabs. Shoring,
Scaffolding and underpinning: Methods, uses and suitability of dif
ferent types and
precautions for safety, Selection of equipment for earth work, concreting, material
handling and erection of structures.

Recommended Books:

1. "Building Construction", Rangwala S.c., Charotar Book Stall, Anand, 1993

2. "A Text Book of B
uilding Construction':, Arora N .L.Satya Prakashan, New Delhi.

3. "Building Construction", Sushil Kumar, Standard Publishers, New Delhi, 1997

4. "A Text Book of Building Construction", Punima B.C., A Saurabh & Co (P) Ltd.,New
Delhi, 1993

ESTIMATION, COS
TING AND SPECIFICATIONS

-

(TC 2.8)

Procedure of Estimating Quantities:

Introduction, Main items of work, calculation of
quantities of earth work, stone masonry, brick masonry, plastering, cement concrete,
R.C.C., doors, windows, flooring, white washing, co
lour washing, distempering and their
units.


Page
12

of
29


Rate Analysis:

Factors affecting rates, importance, materials for different items of work,
rates of materials and labour, analysis of rates for cement concrete, R.C.C., brick
masonry, stone masonry, Hollow block

masonry, Plastering, Painting, flooring, road
works, sanitary works, Water supply works and electrical works.

Cost Estimate of Buildings:

ApprOXimate methods, Plinth area estimate, Cubical
Contents estimate. Detailed estimate, Estimation of the cost of s
ingle storeyed buildings
by individual wall method and center line method. Estimation of Roofs, R.C.C. slab roof,
GI sheet roof, Tiled Roof, Roof Truss. Estimation of R.C.C. works, Beam, T
-

Beam and
Slab, column, Foundation, Staircase, Retaining wall etc.

Cost Estimate of Other Structures:

Estimation of roads, Earth work, Pitching of
Slopes, Hill roads. Estimation of R.C.C. slab culvert, Pier, Pipe culvert, R.C.C. T
-
beam
bridge

Estimation of irrigation works like Canals, Aqueducts, Syphon, etc.

Estimatio
n of Water supply and sanitary
works

like septic tank, soak pit, manhole, sewer
line, etc.

Specifications and Valuation:

Specifications, Objectives, types of specifications,
principles of specification writing, typical specifications

Valuation, market va
lue, Book value, Scarp value, salvage value, annuity, Capitalized
values
-

sinking fund, depreciation, valuation of a building, Rent fixation, Mortgage
Lease.

Recommended Books;

1. "Estimating and Costing", Dutta S.Dutta & Co., Lucknow.

2. "Estimating a
nd Costing ",Rangawala.S.C., Chartoar Anand.

3. "A Text book on Estimating, Costing and Accounts", Kohli, D.O. and Kohli R.C.,
S:Chand and Co., New Delhi, 1994

CIVIL ENGINEERING DESIGNS

-

(TC 2.9)

Reinforced Concrete Design:

Introduction, RCC concept, va
rious types of reinforcing
materials, their properties and
suitability
.

RCC Beams:

Assumption in theory of simple bending of RCC beam, flextural & shear
strength of singly reinforced RCC beam, Assumption made & permissible stress as per IS
code of practic
e, concept bond. Permissible and actual bond stresses. Load and loading
standards for beams as per IS. Design, various Design of beams Viz main/secondary
Cantilever Doubly reinforced and ST beams.

RCC Slab and Columns:

Structural behaviour of slab, Design

of one/two way slab with
tables of IS .456, concepts of short and long columns. Behavior and design of RCC
column under axial load with hinged ends.

Reinforced Brick work:

Their uses in slabs & lintels, general principles and design of
RB and lintels & s
labs, specification of RB work.

Elements of Steel Structural Design:

Structural Steel Sections & Connections:
Properties & designations of structural riveted connections, Types, Design of riveted
joints for
axially

loaded members. Specifications, testing
and inspections as IS. Welded
connections, types, Design of dult & fillet welded connections subject to axial loads.
Testing & inspection as per IS.

Tension & Compression Members:

Design of tension members, permissible stresses in
steel as per IS. Concept

of bulking columns, effective length & Slenderness ratio,

Page
13

of
29


Permissible stresses on compression, strength of columns of single & build up sections.
Design of compression members, Design of angles, struts and
axially

loaded column.

Beams:

IS specifications
for the design of simply supported
beams..

Recommended Books:

1. "Elementary /RCC Design" VM Mahajan, Satya Parkashan New Delhi.

2. "Design & Testing of Concrete Structure" S.Ramamruthan ,Dhanpat Rai & Sons, New
Delhi.

3. "Reinforced Concrete Design" M
L Gambhir , Macmillan India Ltd.


Page
14

of
29


Part I (Architech)

BASIC ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING

-

(TA 1.1)

Introduction and Importance of Architecture

Architecture and its bases for development. Principle and qualities of architecture. Factor
in architecture and it
s development.

Free hand Drawing and Painting

Pencil as a n effective presentation tool:

• Free hand line work, different strokes in pencil

• Effect of light & shade on simple geometrical solids.

• Texture of different bUilding materials in pencil thr
ough shading.

• Freehand sketching of human figures, trees & vehicles on an appropriate scale.

Poster Colour & its Use

• Colour wheel showing primary, secondary and tertiary colours.

• Chart showing tints & tones of various colours.

• Effect of colour

in relief compositions.

Architectural Requirements of Building

Basic architectural requirements of building with reference to purpose & function,
environment, climate, materials and methods of construction.

Recommended books

1. "World Architecture", G.

K. Hiraskar, Dhanpat Rai Publications (P) Ltd. New Delhi.

2. "Building Materials", Parbin Singh

3. "Building Construction", S.K.Sharma & B.K.Kaul


Page
15

of
29


TECHNICAL WRITING

-

(TC 1.2)

Study of Grammar:


-

Various Parts of speech


-

Tenses

-

Transformation o
f sentences Degree of comparison Active & Passive voice,


Affirmatives,




-

Negative


-

Exclamatory.


-

Conversion of simple sentences into compound and complex.


-

Interchange of one part of speech for another.


-

Direct and
Indirect speech.


-

Prepositions and prepositional phrases.


-

Punctuation.


-

Right use of articles.


-

Pair of words and common errors.

Business Correspondence:


-

General principle of business correspondence


-

Writing different types of letters


-

Enquiries


-

Answers to enquiries


-

Circular letters




-

Complaints.

Comprehension:


-

Comprehension of simple passages on scientific and technical subjects.


-

Reports on accident in factories


-

Work progress


-

Repairs and damages,


-

Ris
e and fall in production and selection of site, etc.

Essays:

An essay on a subject of current topics Science & Humanity

Atomic energy

Games & their role in Society.

Recommended books:

1. "Communication Skills" P. Prasad, S.K.Kataria &Sons ,New Delhi

2. "Business Correspondence & Report Writing", Sharma & Mohan, Tata McGraw Hill
Co., New Delhi.

ENGINEERING PHYSICS AND APPLIED MECHANICS

(TC 1.3)

Units & Dimensions:

Fundamentals and derived units in SI system, Dimensions of
physical quantities, Dimensi
onal equation, checking the correctness of physical
equations, Derivations of physical relation, Limitations of dimensional analysis.

Equivalent Force Systems:

Replacement of force by equivalent couple and a force at
other point, Resultant of a force syst
em, Simplest resultants of coplanar force systems,
Wrench resultant, Resultant of parallel force systems, Distributed force systems.

Equilibrium Of Rigid Bodies:

Introduction, Different types of supports, Free body
diagrams, Conditions of equilibrium, Dif
ferent cases of equilibrium.


Page
16

of
29


Centroid And Center Of Gravity:

Location of centroid and center of gravity, Centroid
of simple sections, Centroid of a composite line, Centroid of composite section, C.G. of
composite
-
bodies.

Friction:

Laws of dry friction or

Coulomb Friction, Angle of friction, A block on a
horizontal plane, Two mating blocks, one on horizontal plane and other connected to a
wall, Cylinder resting on a floor and against a vertical wall~ Angle of repose, A body on
an inclined plane, Cylinder o
n an inclined plane.

Moment of Inertia (Second Moment of Area):

Introduction, Rectangular section,
Triangular section, Circular section, Polar moment of inertia, Parallel axes theorem

Simple Stresses And Strains:

Normal and shear stresses, Longitudinal s
train, Lateral
strain and Poisson's Ratio" Bars of varying cross
-
sections, bar subjected to various forces,
Extension under self weight of bar, Shear stress and shear strain, Complementary shear
stress, Volumetric stress and volumetric strain, Statically i
nderminate problems, Tensile
test on mild steel, Strain energy and resilience, Sudden load, Impact loads, Stress
concentration in members under tensile force, factor of safety.

Plane Trusses:

Determination of support reactions, Determination of forces in
members
of the truss, Method of joints, Method of sections, and Graphical method.

Shear Force And Bending Moment Diagrams:

Various types of beams, Shear force
diagram of simply supported beam subjected to concentrated loads, S.F. Diagram of a
simply suppo
rted beam subjected to uniformly distributed load, S.F. Diagram of a
cantilever subjected to a concentrated load, S.F. Diagram of a cantilever subjected to a
uniformly distributed load, Bending Moment Diagram of a simply supported beam
carrying a concentra
ted load, Bending Moment Diagram of a SS Beam subjected to
uniformly distributed load, Bending Moment diagram of a cantilever subjected to a
concentrated load, Bending Moment Diagram of a cantilever carrying a uniformly
distributed load, S.F. and B.M. Diag
rams of a beam with variable loading, S.F. and B.M.
Diagrams of a beam subjected to a moment.

Rotational & Simple Harmonic Motions:

Moment of inertia & its significance, Torque,
Angular moment & their interrelation. Expression for K.E. of rotation, Simple

harmonic
motion Derivation of displacement, velocity, acceleration, time period & frequency,
Expression for time period.

Heat Transfer:

Three modes of heat transfer, Co
-
efficient of thermal conductivity, its
determination by Searles & Disc method, Conduc
tion through compound media (series &
parallel for two materials), Heat radiation, Characteristics of heat radiation, Prevosts
theory of heat exchange, Black Body Radiations, Emissivity & Absorptivity, Kirchoff's
law & Stefan's law of radiation.

Sound:

Wa
ves, superposition & interference of waves, Acoustics of buildings & ultra
sonics

Electricity & Electromagnetism:

Ohm's law, current & resistance, D.C. circuits &
Kirchoff's laws, Magnetism & electromagnetism.

Recommended Books:

1. "Applied Physics" Eag
le Publishers

ENGINEERING MATHMATICS

-

(TC 1.4)

Algebra:

Logarithm, theory of indices and their usage, Solution of quadratic and
simultaneous equations. Partial fractions: The denominator having linear and quadratic
factors (repeated and nonrepeated).


Page
17

of
29


Bin
omial Theorem:

Statement without proof of the binomial theorem for positive
integer index, binomial expansion and the general term. Statement of general Binomial
theorem (expansion only) first and second order binomial approximation.

Vector Algebra:

Defin
ition, notation and rectangular resolution of a vector. Addition
and subtraction of vectors. Scalar and vector products of two vectors.

Trigonometry:

Trigonometric ratios: Definitions, Inverse Trigonometry function:

T
-
ratios of angles between 0° and 360°
, Solution of simple trigonometric equation
between 0° and 360° only. Sum/difference formulae (without proof) and their
applications. T
-
ratios of multiples and submultiples of angles (2A, 3A, A/2 only), Sine
and Cosine formulae

Co
-
ordinate Geometry: Point
: Cartesian and polar co
-
ordinates and their conversion,
distance between two points, internal and external division formulae (without proof), co
-
ordinate of centroid and in center (without proof), problems on locus. Distance & section
formulae

Straight
-
l
ine:

Equations of a straight line in various standard forms, inter
-
section of
straight lines, Angle between two straight lines. Perpendicular distance formula.

Circle:

The equation of a circle in standard and general forms. Finding equation of a
circle wh
en:

(a) Its center and radius are given.

(b) Any three points on it are given

Complex Number:

Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, & Division of Complex
Number.

Differential Calculus:

Rate measure, Calculation of errors, Newton's method of solving
eq
uations, Tangent and normal to a curve for explicit functions only, Maxima & Minima.

Integral Calculus:

Simple problems on area bounded by a curve and axis and volume of
a solid formed by revolution of an area about axes, Average and rms values

Ordinary
Differential Equations:

Definitions, First order and first
-
degree equations,
Variable separable, Homogeneous and Exact equations and their solutions, Higher order
linear differential equations with constant coefficients.

Recommended Books:

1. "Applied Ma
thematics''''K.K Malhotra, S.K Kataria & Sons, New Delhi.

ENGINEERING DRAWING

-

(TC 1.5)

Handling Use and Care of Drawing Instruments and Materials:

Drawing
instruments, Materials, Layout of drawing sheets

Lettering Technique and Practice:

Instrumental s
ingle stroke lettering of 35mm and
70mm height in the ratio of 7:4 Free hand lettering (Alphabet and numerals) lower case
and upper case, single stroke and block letters, vertical and inclined at 75 degree in
different standards, series of 3, 5, 8 and 12mm

heights in the ratio of 7:4

Projection and Isometric Views:

Theory of projections (elaborate theoretical
instructions), drawing 3 views of given objects (Non symmetrical objects may be selected
for this exercise), Drawing 6 views of given objects (Non
-

s
ymmetrical objects may be
selected for this exercise), Identification of surfaces on drawn views and objects drawn,
Exercises on missing surfaces and views, Orthographic drawing or interpretation of
views, Introduction to third angle projections, Fundament
als of isometric projections
(Theoretical instructions), Isometric views from 2 or 3 given orthographic views,
Preparation of simple drawing of Furniture items like table, stool etc.


Page
18

of
29


Symbols and Conventions (1S1):

Civil Engineering sanitary fitting symbol
s, Electrical
fitting symbols for domestic interior installations, Simple Building plan drawing with
electrical and civil engineering symbols.

Building Drawing:

Drawing plan, elevation & section of residential building (single &
double stories). Free Hand

Drawing showing placement, construction of different joints
and anti
-
termite treatments.

Recommended Books:

1. "A Text Book of Engineering Drawing", J.S. Loyal, Eagle Publishers.

2. "Engineering Drawing" P.s.GiII, S.K.Kataria & Sons, New Delhi


Page
19

of
29


ENGINE
ERING CHEMISTRY

-

(TC 1.6)

Solid State Chemistry:

Introduction, Elements of Symmetry, Space Lattice and the Unit
Cell, Miller Indices, Rules for Obtaining the Miller Indices of a Plane, Point Groups and
Space Groups, X
-
Ray and Crystal Structure, Structure
of Solids
-
Close Packing of
Spheres, Types of Solids (Insulators, Semiconductors and Metals), Defects in the Solid
State, Applications of Semiconductors.

Thermodynamics:

Introduction, The Language of Thermodynamics, Heat and Work,
Zeroth Law of Thermodynam
ics, First Law of Thermodynamics, Thermodynamics,
Enthalpy Change as a Function of Temperature, Adiabatic Processes, Carnot's Cycle and
Heat Engines, Entropy, The Second Law of Thermodynamics, Free Energy Changes,
Third Law of Thermodynamics, The Chemical
Potential, Free Energy Changes and
Chemical Equilibria.

Phase Equilibria:

Introduction, Definition, Derivation of the Phase Rule, One
-
Component Systems, Two
-
Component Systems, The Nernst Distribution Law, Solid
-
Liquid Systems
-
Condensed Systems, Alloys,

El
ectrode Potentials and Batteries:

Introduction, Electrode Potentials and
Electromotive Force, Concentration Cells, Applications of EMF, Measurements,
Polarization and Electrolysis, Commercial Cells.

Corrosion and its Prevention:

Introduction, Corrosion of

Metal in Gaseous
Environments (Dry Corrosion), Wet Corrosion, Atmospheric Corrosion and Soil
Corrosion, Protective Measure against Corrosion, Other forms, of Corrosion.

Protective Coatings:

Introduction, Pretreatment of the Surface, Metallic Coatings,
No
nmetallic Coatings, Organic Protective Coatings, Film
-
Forming Materials or Binders,
Types of Paints and their uses, Defects in Paint Films.

Fuels:

Introduction, Classification of Fuels, Primary, Solid Fuels, Primary Fuels (Liquids
and Gases), Secondary Fu
els and other Products Derived from Coal, Secondary Fuels
Derived from Petroleum, Petrochemicals, Industrial Practice, Analysis and Testing of
liquid and Gaseous Fuels, Utilization of Fuels, Combustion Calculations, Nuclear Fuels,
Solar Power, Other Source
s of Energy.

High Polymers:

Introduction, Polymerization and Functionality, Nomenclature of
Polymers, Chain Polymerization by Ionic Mechanisms, Coordination Polymerization,
Polymerization Processes, Some Important Plastics, Polymer Degradation and Additiv
es
for Polymers, Structure and Properties, Molecular Weights of Polymers.

Environmental Pollution and its Control:

Introduction, Water Pollution, Industrial
Wastes, Air Pollution.


Page
20

of
29


Recommended Books:

1. "Physical Chemistry", PW Atkins ELB5,

2. "Physica
l Chemistry", Glasston

3. "Chemistry in Engineering and Technology", Kuriacose and Rajaram, Tata McGraw
Hill, 1991

4. "Physical Chemistry", WJ Moore

5. "Instrumental Methods of Analysis", HH Willard, LL Meritt, JA Dean, FA settle


Page
21

of
29


Part II (Architech)

H
ISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE



(TA 2.1)

Architecture and its bases for development. Principle and qualities of Architecture. Factor
in Architecture and its development.

An overall view of Egyptian, West Asisatic, Indian, Chinese, Greek, Roman, Muslim and
early
Christian Architecture.

European renaissance and Modern Architecture ,wonders of world.

Recommended Bo
oks:

1. "World Architecture" G.K.Hiraskar, Dhanpat Rai Publications (P) Ltd. New Delhi.

FREE HAND DRAWING AND PAINTING

-

(TA 2.2)

Pencil as an Effecti
ve Presentation Tool

1. Free hand line work, different stroke in pencil

2. Effect of light and shade on simple geometrical solids

3. Textures of different building materials in pencil through shading

4. Freehand sketching of human figures, trees and ve
hicles on an appropriate scale.

Poster Colour and its Use

1. Colour wheel showing primary, secondary and tertiary colours.

2. Chart showing tints & tones of various colours

3. Effect of colour in relief compositions

Recommended Books:

1. "Architectura
l Rendering" Philip Crowe

2. "Architectural Rendering" Albert and Habe

3. "Architectural Rendering" Jaztheimer


Page
22

of
29


BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

-

(TA 2.3)

Foundations:

Definition, load distribution through soil, bearing capacity of different
soils, Improvement of be
aring capacity, types of foundations and their suitability, spread,
isolated, combined, continuous, raft, cantilever, Grillage. Inverted arch and pile
foundations. Design of shallow foundations, Causes of failure and remedial measures.
Recommendation f
or B
lack Cotton soil as per I.S.I.


Masonry:


-

Brick masonry:

Bond
-
definition, need and scope, Types of bonds
-

English and
Flemish. Their merits an
d demerits. .


-

Stone masonry:

Rubble and ashlar joints in stone masonry.


-

Hollow block masonry:

Cement con
crete hollow blocks and hollow clay blocks.
Composite masonry: Definition use and merits.


-

Walls
-

Load bearing and non
-
load bearing walls, covering walls, thickness
considerations.

Damp Proofing:

Sources, Causes and bad effects, Preventive measures, Ho
rizontal and
vertical D.P.C. in solid and cavity walls, D.P.C. in basement.

Arches & lintels:

Definitions of various terms used, arches types
-

flat segmental, semi
-
circular, brick and stone arches. Functions of lintels.

Pointing & Plastering:

Objects, m
ethod, types, defects and external finishes, special
materials for plastered surfaces.

Floors:

Various types of floors commonly used and their suitability for different
buildings, constructional details of concrete and terrazzo floors.

Doors & Windows:

L
ocation and sizes used. Essential requirement, Method of fixing
doors and window frames in walls.

Stairs:

Definition of various terms used. Essential requirement, types of stairs, straight,
flight, quarter turn, half turn and spiral stair cases. Brief dis
cussion of ramps, escalators
and lifts.

Roofs:

Flat roof and details of 1st class roofs, Jack arch R.B. and R.C.C.roofs.

Sloping /

Pitched Roofs:

Wooden trusses
-

king post and queen post roofs. Steel roofs,
trusses, fink, fan and north logot truss roofs.

Details of rain proofing at top and ends .


Page
23

of
29


Miscellaneous Topics:

Brief description of the following:

-

Site selection and orientation of building

-


Principles of acoustical design of building

-

Fire proof construction methods.

-

Earth quake resistance buil
dings.

-

Timbering of trenches, centring, scaffolding, underspining, shorting and form work.

-

Ventilation and Air conditioning

-

Thermal Insulation Building.

-

Constructional Joints in Building.

-

Building bye
-
laws and modular construction.

Recommended Books:


1. "Building Materials" Rangwala

2. "Building Materials" Parbin Singh ~

3. "Building Construction" S.K.Sharma & B.K.Kaul

4. "Building Construction" S.P.Bindra.

STRUCTURAL MECHANICS

-

(TA 2.4)

Properties of Materials:

Classification of materials, elas
tic materials, ductile materials,
brittle materials. Tensile test, compressive test, impact test, fatigue test, torsion test.

Simple Stresses and Strains:

Concept of stress, normal and shear stresses, stresses due
to torsion. Concept of strain, strain and

deformation, longitudinal and lateral strain,
Poison's ratio, volumetric strain, Hooke's law, modulli of elasticity and rigidity, Bulk
modulus of elasticity, relationship between the elastic constants. Stresses and strains in
bars subjected to tension and

compression. Extension of uniform bar under it's own
weight, stresses produced in compound bars (two or three) due to axial load. Stress
-
strain
diagram for mild steel, mechanical properties, factor of safety. Temperature stresses and
strains.

Bending Mom
ent and Shear Force:

Concept of a beam and supports (Hinges, roller and
fixed), types of beams, simply supported, cantilever, fixed and continuous beams. Types
of loads (point, uniformly distributed and varying loads). Concept of bending moment
and shear f
orce, sign conventions. Bending moment and shear force diagrams for
cantilever, simply supported and over
-
hanging beams subjected to concentrated,
uniformly distributed and uniformly varying loads (B.M. and S.F. diagrams should
preferably be drawn on graph

paper). Relationship between load, shear force and bending
moment, point of maximum bending moment and contra flexure.

Second Moment of Area:

Concept of second moment of area, radius of gyration.
Theorems of parallel and perpendicular axes. Second moment

of area for sections of :
rectangle, triangle, circle, trapezium, angle, Tee, I, Channel and Compound sections. (No
Derivation).

Bending and Shear Stresses:

Theory of simple bending: Moment of resistance, sectional
modulus and permissible bending stresse
s in circular, rectangular, I, T and L sections;
Comparison of strengths of the above sections.

Concept of Shear stresses in beams, Shear
-
stress distribution in rectangular, I and T
section (Formula to be stated, no derivation)

Slope and Deflection:

Nece
ssity for determination of deflection, Moment area theorems
(no derivation) Computation of slopes and deflections using moment area theorems for:

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Simply supported beam with UDL over span and concentrated load at any point,
Cantilever with UDL over entire s
pan and concentrated load at free end.

Columns:

Theory of columns, Euler's, Rankine's and I.S.formulae.

Combined Direct And Bending Stresses:

Concentric and eccentric loads, eccentricity,
effect of eccentric load on the section, stresses due to eccentric

loads, and examples in the
case of short columns. Effect of wind pressure on walls and chimneys; water pressure on
dams and earth pressure on retaining walls, their causes of failures and their stability.

Analysis of Trusses:

Concept of a frame, perfect,

redundant and deficient frame, end
supports, ideal and practical trusses. Analysis of trusses by:

a) Method of joints

b) Method of sections and

c) Graphical method.

Recommended Books:

1. "Analysis of Structure Vol.1", Vazirani, VN and Ratwani, M. M.,

Khanna Publishers,
Delhi.

2. "Strength of Materials", Punima, BC, Standard Publishers Distributors. Delhi,

3. "Applied Mechanics and Strength of Materials", Ram Chandra, Standard Publishers,
Delhi.

THEORY OF STRUCTURES

-

(TA 2.5)

Center of gravity, def
inition, centroid, center of gravity of plane figures/ CG by method
of moments, numerical problems. Moment of Inertia; MI of plane area, MI by method of
integration, MI of rectangular section, theorem of parallel and perpendicular areas,
numerical problems


Bending moment/Shear force, type of supports, loads and beams, relation between SF
and BM, BM and SF diagram for cantilever and simply supported beams with pointed
load, uniformly distributed load, design examples

Moment of resistance, theory of bending
, bending stresses, equation of theory of bending,
sectional modulus of rectangular and circular sections, numerical problems

Analysis of perfect frame, classification of frames, stress, strain, assumption, method of
section, method of joints, design exam
ple.

Link polygon, method of construction, resultant of concurrent forces, coplanar forces
system.

Recommended Books:

1. "Strength of Materials", R.S. Khurmi S.Chand & Co New Delhi.

2. "Strength of Materials", Brinder Singh S.K. Kataria & sons New Delh
i.

3. "Strength of Material", M.Chakravarti, S.K.Kataria & Sons New Delhi.

ESTIMATION AND COSTING

-

(TA 2.6)

Building: Introduction to Estimating:

Types of estimates,
drawing

to be attached with
these estimates, preparation of rough cost estimates. Units

of measurement and units of
payment of different items of work. Different methods of taking out quantities, center
line in
-

to in/out
-
to
-
out methods. Preparation of a detailed estimate complete with
detailed reports, specifications, abstract of cost and m
aterial statement for a small
residential building with a flat roof. Preparation of a detailed estimate with specification,
abstract of cost and material statement for pitched roof with steel truss only.

Analysis of Rates:

Steps in the analysis of rates f
or any item of work, requirement of
material, labour, sundries and contractors profit.


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Calculation of Quantities of Materials for:

Plain cement concrte of different
proportions. Brick masonry in cement and lime mortar. Plastering and pointing with
cement
mortar in different proportions.

White Washing:

Analysis of rates of the following items of work when the data
regarding labour, rates of material and rates of labour is given.

Earth work in excvation and filling with a concept of lead and lift. Cement c
oncrete in
foundation

Damp proof course

RCC and RB in roof slabs.

First class burnt brick masonry in cement mortar Cement plaster

Cement pointing
-
flush, deep pointing Flooring (conglonerate only)

Irrigation:

-

Calculation of earth work for lined channe
ls with the help of drawings for different
cross
-
sections.

-

Preparation of detailed estimate for a brick lined distributory for a given section.

Public Health:

Preparation of detailed estimate for laying a water supply line (CI pipe)
Preparation of detail
ed estimate for sanitary and water supply fittings in a domestic
bUilding containing one set of toilets and septic tank. Preparation of a detailed estimate
for laying a brick sewer.

Roads:

Methods for calculating earth work using: Average depth, graphical

method,
Calculations of quantities of materials for roads in plains for given drawings. Preparation
of detailed estimate using the above quantities. Detailed estimate of a single span slab
culvert with return wing walls. Calculations of quantities of diff
erent items of work for a
masonry retaining wall from given drawings.

Valuation:

Purpose of valuation, principles of valuation. Definitions of terms such as
depreciation, sinking fund, salvage and scrap value. Valuation of a building property by
replaceme
nt cost method and rental return method, method of calculation of standard
rent, concept of capitalized value and years purchase.

Recommended Books:

1. "Estimating Costing & Valuation (Civil)" Pasrija, HD; Arora, CL and S.Inderjit Singh,
New Asian Publis
hers Delhi.

2. "Estimating and Costing" Rangwala, SC; Chartor Book Stall, Anand.

3. "A Text Book on Estimating and Costing (Civil) with Drawings" Kohli, D; and Kohli,
RC, Ramesh Publications, Ambala.

4. "Estimating & Costing" Dutta, BN.

5. "Estimating
Costing and Specification in Civil Engineering" Chakraborti, M, Calcutta.

SURVEYING AND LEVELLING

-

(TA 2.7)

Introduction:

Content of surveying, Purpose of Surveying, Measurements
-
linear and
angular, units of measurements, classification of survey based o
n Instruments,
Instruments used for taking these measurement, Basic Principles of Surveying

Chain Surveying:

Purpose of surveying, Principle of chain surveying, Equipment used
in chain surveying, chain types, ranging roads, arrows, pegs, cross staffs, Ind
ian optical
square their construction
and use.


Different operations on chain surveying
-
Ranging (Direct/Indirect), Offsets
(Perpendicular/oblique), Chaining (Flat and slopping ground) Conducting chain survey
over an area, recording the field data, plottin
g the chain survey, conventional signs


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Obstacles in chain surveying
-
Errors in chain surveying, Correction for erroneous length
of chain, simple problem on this Testing and adjustment of chain and Indian optical
square

Compass Surveying:

Purpose of compas
s surveying, construction and working of
prismatic compass, use of prismatic compass, setting and taking observations.

Concept of

• Meridian, Magnetic and true

• Bearing, Magnetic, True and Arbitrary

• Whole circle bearing and reduced bearing

• Magnet
ic dip and declination.

Local Attraction
-
causes, detection, errors and correction, problems on local attraction,
magnetic declination, calculation of included angles in a compass traverse.

Concept of traverse, open and closed. Traversing with a compass.
Checks for an open and
closed traverse, plotting a traverse
-
By included and deflection angles, concept of closing
error, adjustment of trav

erses graphically by proportionate method

Levelling:

Purpose of leveling, concept of level surface, horizontal sur
face, vertical
surface, datum. reduced level and benchmarks. Principle and construction of dumpy and
LO.P (Tilting) levels. Concept of line of collimation, axis of the bubble tube, axis of the
telescope and vertical axis. Levelling staff: single piece, fol
ding, sop With, invar
precision staff. Temporary adjustment: setting up and leveling, adjusting for parallax of
dumpy, and LO.P level, Differential levelling. Concept of back sight, foresight,
intermediate sight, station change point, height of instrument.

level book and reduction of
levels by: Height of collimation method and Rise and fall method. Arithmetic checks,
problem on reduction of levels, fly leveling, check leveling and profile leveling(L
-
section
and X
-
section),errors in leveling and precaution t
o minimize them and permissible limits,
reciprocal leveling, testing and adjustment of LO.P level. Numerical problem.

Plane Table Surveying:

Purpose of plane table surveying, Equipment used in plane table
survey, Plane tube, Alidade (Plain and telescopic)
, Accessories, Setting of a plane table:
Centering, Levelling, Orientation, Methods of plane table surveying, Radiation,
Intersection, Traversing, Resection, Two point problem, Three point problem by
Mechanical method (Tracing paper), Bessel's graphical me
thod, Trial and error method,
Errors in plane table survey and precautions to control them. Testing and adjustment of
plane table and alidade .

Contouring:

Concepts of contour, Purpose of contouring, contour interval and horizontal
equivalent, factors aff
ecting contour interval, characteristics of contours, method of
contouring: Direct and indirect use of stadia, measurements in contour survey,
interpolation of contours; use of contour map, draWing cross
-
section from a contour map,
marking alignment of a r
oad, railway and a canal on a contour map, computation of earth
work and reservoir capacity from a contour map

Theodolite Surveying:

Working of a transit vernier theodolite, fundamental axis of a
theodolite and their relation: temporary adjustments of a t
ransit theodolite ;concept of
vernier, least count and reading a vernier ,concept of transitting, swinging, Face left, Face
right and changing face; measurement of horizontal and vertical angles, prolonging a
line(forward and backward),measurement of beari
ng of a line traversing by included
angles and deflection angle method ;traversing by stadia measurement, theodolite
triangulatio
n, plotting a traverse, concept

of coordinate and solution of omitted

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measurements (one side affected),errors in theodolite sur
vey and precautions taken to
minimize them, limits of precision in theodolite traversing, brief introduction to
tacheometry and use of tacheometric tables

Minor Instruments:

Study and use of the instruments given below to be explained in
addition to provi
ding practice:

Abney level, Tangent c1inometer

Proportionate compass, Ceylone Ghat Tracer,
Pentagraph, ∙Planimeter

Recommended Books:

1. "Surveying & Levelling" B.C.Punmia, Ashok Kumar Jain,Arun Kr. Jain, Luxmi
Publications, New Delhi

2. "Surveying" C.
L.Kochha~ S.K.Kataria & Sons, New Delhi

3. "Surveying & Levelling", T.P.Kanetkar

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND GRAPHICS

-

(TA 2.8)

Design of small buildings involving functional and services aspect, structure system &
constructional methods e.g. Milk booths,
kiosks, bus stop, cycle stand, security check
post etc.

Pencil Crayons and Oil Pastels as Presentation Medium:

1. Rendering of various surfaces such as brick, stone, grass etc

2. Trees, human figures, automobiles, street lamp posts, furniture in plan, e
levation and
perspective.

3. Rendering of view/perspective in crayons and oil pastels.

Water Colour Rendering:

1. Outdoor free hand sketching and colour rendering of trees, shrubs, vegetation,
buildings, vehicles etc.

2. Colour rendering of various sce
nes such as garden scene, street scene, lake scene,
village scene, etc.

Recommended Books:

1. "Architectural Rendering" Philip Crowe

2. "Architectural Rendering" Albert and Habe

3. "How to Paint and Draw" Jaxtheimer

BUILDING MATERIAL AND SCIENCE

-

(TA

2.9)

Building Stones:

General uses of stones, Natural bed of stones, qua
lities of a good
building stone
Methods of stone quarrying with emphasis on blasting, Dressing of stones,
Deterioration of stone, Preservation of stones and handling, Common
building

stones of
India & their uses, Artificial stones.

Bricks:

General, Desirable and harmful ingredients in brick earth and its composition,
manufacture of bricks and tiles, qualities of good bricks, test of bricks, classification of
bricks, colours of bricks,

size
& weight of bricks, shape of b
ricks, fire clays, fire bricks,
glazed and fire proof bricks.

Lime:

Characteristics of good quality lime, sources, and varieties, Manufacturing of
lime, classifications of lime, uses of different varieties of lime, sett
ing, slaking and testing
of lime.

Cement:

Chemical composition of ordinary Portland cement. Flow diagram of wet
process of manufacturing of cement with brief description. LS.I specifications and testing
of cement. Varieties of cement and their uses. Stora
ge of cement.

Mortar


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a) Definition
-

Sand, Natural sources of sand, classification of sand, Bulking of sand,
properties of good sand
-

Function of sand, Tests for sand, its substitutes, Classification of
mortars. Finenes modules of coarse & fine aggregates
.

b) Definition
-

properties, proportioning, grading, water cement ratio, workability,
mixing, transporting, placing, consolidation during water
-

proofing, batching, finishing,
qu
ality control of concrete, ligh
tweight, no fines, coloured concrete and pre
-
cast concrete.

Timber:

Definition, Classification of trees
-
soft woods & hard woods
-
struc
ture of a tree
-
felling of trees
defects in timber
-
qualities of good timber
-
seasoning of timber, decay of
timber
-

preservation of timber, fire resistance of timber
-

c
onversion of timber, storage of
timber, Market

forms of timber.

Paints, Varnishes & Distempers:

General, painting, varnishing, distempering, wall
paper, white washing, colour washing.

Miscellaneous Materials:

Brief description of glass, rubber, plastics,

asbestos, sound &
thermal insulation materials & their uses.

Climatology and Thermal Control:

Global climatic factors, thermal com
fort, heat gain
and loss, u values for walls and roofs, solar geometry, shading d
evices, solar heating and
cooling, passive
systems.

Recommended Books:

1. "Building Materials" Rangwala

2. "Building Materials" Parbin Singh

Environmental Engineering

-

(TA 2.10)

Water Quality and Perspectives:

Water quality parameters and analysis
-
physical,
chemical and biological MTFT & MFT m
ethods, water quality standards and planning
factors in India, objectives of public water supply scheme, Health, Acceptability,
adequacy, convenience and Economy aspects, population forecasts, percapita demand
and variation in demand pattern, Rural water s
upply scheme, Necessary and state of art
-
methods.

Water supply sources:

Surface, subsurface, and ground waters, hyd
rology and
impounded storage, re
quirements, mass inflow curve and analytical methods, hydraulics
of ground water flow, estimating
yields

of
wells by steady state methods (Without
derivation) intake structures for different
sources
-
Rive~ canal, lake, reservoir, w
ells and
infiltration galleries, construction, development and sanitary protection of wells, salt
water intrusion and control strategi
es, rain water harvesting.

Water Trans
mission Systems:

Gravity and pressure systems, Hydraulics and design of
pressure
pipes,. analytical methods and monograms, series
and parallel pipes, different
materials of pipes,
selection and class of pipes laying
,
Jointing

find

testing of commonly
used pipes, appurtenances of pipes, pumps and their
selections
, pumping stations,
automatic controls.

Water Treatment Processes:

Characteristics of surface and ground waters, conventional
and unconventional treatment sche
mes, principles, functions

and design of flash mixer,
floc
culator sedimentation tank, slow and rapid sand filters, and disinfections processes,
principles of loan balancing, bar graph, water softening, aeration, iron and magnese
removal and fluoride remova
l.

Distribution and storage systems:

Types, functions and requirement of distribution
system, pressure requirements and surveys, analyses of distribution systems, method of
section, equivalent pipe method, and hardy cross method of balancing network opera
tion

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and maintenance of distribution systems, Leak detection, Corrosion control and
Leangelier index and lining of pipes, storage reservoirs, ty.pes, function, locations and
capacity, house connection and appurtenances.

Recommended Books:

1. "Water Suppl
y and Waste Water Engineering" Raju B.S.N., Tata Mcgraw Hill Book
Co., New Delhi,1995

2. "Water and Waste Water Technology 2nd Edn. (S1 Version)" Hammer MJ., John
Villey and Sons, N.Y. 1986

3. "Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering 8th Ed
n.", Birdie, G.5
. and Birdie J.S
.
Dhanpat Rai and Sons Ltd. 1997