B.Sc. Third Year Physics

lochfobbingMechanics

Oct 30, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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DR.BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR MARATHWADA
UNIVERSITY, AURANGABAD




SYLLABUS




B.Sc. Third Year Physics

(Syllabus Effective from June 2008)











B.Sc. Third Year Physics

(Syllabus effective from June 2008)



PAPER



IX

:


CLASSICAL

&

QUANTUM

MECHANICS,

ATOMIC

&




MOLECULAR

SPECTRA,

NUCLEAR

PHYSICS


Section

A : Classical and Quantum Mechanics :


1.

Basic Concepts of Classical Mechanics (8 Periods)


Mechanics of a particle, Mechanics of a system of particles, constraints, Holonomic
and non
-
holonomic c
onstrants, virtual work, D’Alembert’s principle, Lagrange’s
equations, simple applications of the lagrangian formulation.


2.

De Broglie waves and uncertainty principle (8 Periods)


De Broglie Waves, Wave function, De Broglie wave velocity, wave and group

velocities, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle and its applications.


3.

Schrodinger equation (07 Periods)


The wave function, schrodinger equation


time dependent form Expectation values,
operators, schrodinger equation

sleady state form, Eigen values
and eigen
functions.


4.

Application of schrodinger equation (17 Periods)


The particle in a box


energy quantization, wave functions, momentum
quantization.

The Harmonic oscillator


Energy levels, wave functions, Hydrogen atom,
Schrodinger equation f
or the hydrogen atom, separation of variables, quantum numbers


Total quantum number, orbital quantum number, magnetic quantum number, The normal
zeeman effect.



Section

B : Atomic & Molecular Spectra, Nuclear Physics :


5.

Atomic Spectra (10 periods)


Spectra of hydrogen, denteron, alkali atoms, spectral terms, doublet fine structure,
screening constants of alkali spectra for s, p, d, f states, selection rules singlet, triplet
fine structure in alkaline earth spectra, L
-
S and J
-
J coupling.

6.

Molecula
r Spectra (15 Periods)


Molecular spectra


experimental study, Rotat, Spectra, Intensities of rotational
lines, vibrationar spectra, rotational and vibrational bands and their theoretical
explanation. Raman spectra


Raman effects, Introduction, Experimen
tal Study,
Results of Raman effect, Nature of Raman effect, Theoretical explanation of Raman
effect, Practical importance of Raman effect, Raman effect and molecular
constitution.

7.

Nuclear Physics (15 Periods)


Nuclear models and accelerators


Introduc
tion to nuclear forces, Nuclear binding
energy, shell model and liquid drop model, Nuclear reactions, Fission and Fusion, Paticle
accelerators


linear accelerator and cyclotron.


Elementary Particles


Introduction to elementary particles and their conser
vative
principles, Theory of electron, Antiparticles, mesons, mesons and mesons,
Hyperons, Symmetries of elementary particles, conservative principles.


List of Books :

1.

Perspective of Modern Physics


Arthur Beiser (Mc Graw


Hill Book Company)

2.

Classica
l Mechanics


Herbert Goldstein (Narosa Publishing House)

3.

Introduction to Atomic Spetra


White

4.

Atomic Physics


Herzeberg

5.

Atomic & nuclear Physics


N. Subramanyam, Brijlal, Jeevan Sheshan (S. Chand &
Company Ltd.)

6.

Atomic Physics


Subramanyam, Brijlal,Je
evan Shesham

7.

Nuclear Physics


B.N.Shrivastav

8.

Nuclear Physics


Kalpan

B.Sc. Third Year Physics

(Syllabus effective from June 2008)


PAPER


X : SOLID STATE PHYSICS AND ELECTRONICS


Section


A : Solid State Physics


1.

Crystal Structure (07 Periods)


Inf
ormation,Crystal lattice and translation vectors, unit cell, Basis, symmetry
operations, Point groups and space groups, Types of lattices (Plane lattice and space
lattice with bcc and fcc) Lattice directions and planes, Interplanar spacings Miller
indices,

simple crystal structures, close packed structures, Hexagonal close packed
structures, loose packed structures.


2.

Bonding in Solids (04 Periods)


Introduction, concept of inter
-
atomic forces, cohesive energy and types of bonding,
primary bonds (ionic b
onds, covalent bond and metallic bonds), Secondary bonds
(Vander wall’s bonds and hydrogen bonds)


3.

Heat Capacity (06 Periods)


Classical theory of lattice heat capacity (concept and comparison with experimental
value), concepts of Einstein’s theory of
lattice heat capacity, Density of modes of
vibrations (in 1
-
D, 2
-
D and 3
-
D), Debye’s model of lattice heat capacity
(derivation), Limitations of Debye’s model.


4.

Electrical properties of metals (10 Periods)


Classical free electron theory of metals, Dra
wbacks of classical theory, Quantum
theory of free electron, sommerfield’s model for free electron (one
-
dimensional
solid, generalization for three
-
dimensional solid) Fermi
-
Dirac statistics and electron
distribution in solids, Density of energy states and
Fermi energy f(E) at E=E

F

, E<E
F

and E>E
F

, Fermi
-
Dirac distribution function, Mean energy of electron gas at
absolute zero.

5.

Bond Theory of Solids (06 Periods)


Introduction, The Bloch theorem (only statement and properties), The kronig


Penny model,

Energy versus wave
-
vector relationship


different representations
(Brillouin Zones), Distinction between metals, insulators and semoconductors.


6.

Magnetic Properties of Solids (07 Periods)


Introduction, Concept of Magnetic permeability, magnetization
, susceptibility,
Electric current in atoms, Bohr Magneton, Electron Spin and Magnetic Moment,
Magnetic moment due to nuclear spin, classical theory of diamagnetism and
paramagnetism, Quantum theory of paramagnetism, Domain theory of
ferromagnetism, Experi
mental demonstration of domain structure, I
-
H curve.



Section


B : Electronics :


7.

Bipolar Junction Transistor


BJT (09 Periods)


BJT (Revision), Load line, Transistor biasing, voltage divider bias, Hybrid
parameters (or h parameters) Determination o
f h
-
parameters, common


emiffer
amplifier, Analysis of common emitter amplifier and common


collector amplifier
using h
-
parameters current gain, voltage gain, power gain, input resistance and
output resistance)


8.

Junction field effect Transistor


JFE
T (04 Periods)


JFET, operation, static characteristics, JFET parameters, Transfer characteristics,
FET versus BJT.


9.

Operational Amplifier


OP Amp (07 Periods)


Definition of OP Amp, Characteristics of OP Amp (Using black box) parameters


CMMR, Gain

of inverting and non
-
inverting OP Amp, Buffer, Adder, Subtractor,
Integrator and Differentiator.


10.

Oscillators (08 Periods)


Transistorized Oscillators, effect of feedback on gain using black box, positive and
negative feedback, requirement of oscill
ator, Criterion of Oscillations, General
expression for gain and feedback ratio of oscillator (back box), Hartley and Wien
Bridge (using OP Amp) Oscillator (Working and expression for frequency for both
Oscillators).


11.

Digital Electronics : (12 Periods
)


Binary and Hexadecimat number system, Binary Arithmatic, Basic logic gates
(NOT, OR, AND using electrical switch circuit only), Derived logic gates (NAND,
NOR, EXOR using electrical switch circuit only) De Morgan’s theorem, NAND
gate as a universal buil
ding block, half adder and full adder, RS flip flop and JK flip
flop (using logic gates only)


Books :

1.

Solid State Physics and Electronics by R.K. Puri and V.K.Babbar


(S. Chand Publications, 2
nd

revised edition, 2006)

2.

Solid State Physics by S.O. P
illai.

3.

Modern Physics by Murugeshan & Sivprastha

4.

Electronics by John D. Ryder

5.

Electronics by K.J.M. Rao

6.

Handbook of Electronics by Gupta and Kumar

7.

Nuclear Physics by B.N. Srivastav

8.

Nuclear Physics by Kaplan

9.

Perspective of Modern Physics by Beiser








B.Sc. Third Year Physics

(Syllabus effective from June 2008)


PAPER


XI : PRACTICAL


1.

Surface Tension by Fergusson’s method.

2.

Viscosity by oscillating disc method.

3.

Y by Koenig’s method.

4.

Determination of Wavelength of Sodium light by diffraction due to

Cylindrical
obstacle.

5.

Determination of Wavelength of Sodium light by using biprism.

6.

Determination of specific rotation of sugar solution using Laurent’s half shade
polarimeter.

7.

Deterination of Rydberg’s Constant using spectromete.

8.

Determination of Planck’
s constant by using a photocell.

9.

Determination of Wavelength of Sodium light by Edsar a Pattern

10.

Temperature of Flame by Na
-
D line reversal

11.

Calibration of bridge wire by using carey


Foster Bridge

12.

Measurement of velocity of sound in free air (Expt No.55


Advanced level
practical physics by M.Nelkon & J.M. Ogbron


4
th

edition Publisher
-

ELBS)

13.

Determination of Rydberg’s constant using excel.

14.

Determination of em and I
-
H curve using excel


Note :

At least Twelve (12) experiments are to be completed by each
student.










B.Sc. Third Year Physics

(Syllabus effective from June 2008)


PAPER


XII : PRACTICAL


1.

Energy band gap of semiconductor using thermistor

2.

JFET Characteristics & determination of JFET parameters.

3.

Zener diode characteristics and its use as a

shunt regulator

4.

Study of emitter follower amplifier

5.

Transistorized Hartley Oscillator

6.

Wein bridge Oscillator using OP AMP

7.

OP
-
AMP as adder and subtractor

8.

Study of Thermocouple (Fe
-
Cu) and to find inversion temperature.

9.

To demonstrate the phase difference i
n case of resistance, inductance and
capacitance and to measure their values using a CRO. (Practical Physics


CL
Arora 2007 Edition P.No.442)

10.

‘e’ by Millikan’s Oil
-
drop method.

11.

To study the performance of an equality detector (An advanced course in
Practi
cal Physics


D.Chattopadhyay Rakshit & Saha


Publisher New Central
Book Agency


Kolkata Edition 2003 P.No. 581 Expt. No. EL 25)

12.

To Plot a graph between current and frequency in a series LCR circuit and to
find the resonant frequency, quality factor and
band width. (Practical Physics


C.L.Arora)

13.

Study of Transistor Characteristics in CE and CB configuration and calculation
of


and


by using excel.

14.

Study of JFET Characteristics and frequency response of emitter follower using
excel.


Note :

At least Twelve (12) experiments are to be completed by each student.