Detailed Syllabus - PSG College of Technology

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Oct 18, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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60


SEMESTER 1



09MC01

COMP
UTATIONAL METHODS




3 1 0 4


INTRODUCTION TO COMP
UTATIONAL METHODS:
E
XAMPLES
,

SOLVING SETS OF EQUA
TIONS
,

G
AUSS ELIMINATION MET
HOD
,

C
HOLESKI METHOD
,

I
TERATIVE METHODS
,

R
ELAXATION METHOD
,

SYSTEM OF NON
-
LINEAR EQUATIONS
-

N
EWTON
R
AP
HSON METHOD
,

COMPUTER PROGRAMS
.


(6)


NUMERICAL INTEGRATION
:
N
EWTON
-
C
OTES INTEGRATION FOR
MULAS
,

T
RAPEZOIDAL RULE
,

S
IMPSON
'
S RULES
,

G
AUSSIAN
QUADRATURE
,

ADAPTIVE INTEGRATION
,

CUBIC SPLINE FUNCTIO
NS
-

B
EZIER CURVES AND
B
-
SPLINES
,

COMPUTER PROGRAMS
.





(6)


BOUNDARY VALUE PROBL
EMS AND CHARACTERIST
IC VALUE PROBLEMS:

S
HOOTING METHOD
,

SOLUTION THROUGH A S
ET OF
EQUATIONS
,

DERIVATIVE BOUNDARY
CONDITIONS
,

R
AYLEIGH
-
R
ITZ METHOD
,

CHARACTERISTIC VALUE

PROBLEMS
,

SOLUTION USING
CHARACTERISTIC PO
LYNOMIAL METHOD
,

J
ACOBI METHOD
,

POWER METHOD AND
I
NVERSE POWER METHOD
.





(6)


NUMERICAL SOLUTION O
F PARTIAL DIFFERENTI
AL EQUATIONS:

L
APLACE
'
S EQUATIONS
,

REPRESENTATIONS AS A

DIFFERENCE
EQUATION
,

I
TERATIVE ME
THODS FOR
L
APLACE
'
S EQUATIONS
,

P
OISSON EQUATION
,

DERIVATIVE BOUNDARY
CONDITIONS
,

IRREGULAR AND
NON
-
RECTANGULAR GRIDS
,

M
ATRIX PATTERNS
,

S
PARSENESS
,

ADI

METHOD
,

APPLICATIONS TO HEAT

FLOW PROBLEMS
,

COMPUTER
PROGRAMS
.


(7)









PARABOLIC PARTIAL DI
FFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
:

E
XPLICIT METHOD
,

C
RANK
-
N
ICHOLSON METHOD
,

DERIVATIVE BOUNDARY
CONDITION
,

STABILITY AND CONVER
GENCE CRIT
ERIA
,

P
ARABOLIC EQUATIONS I
N TWO OR MORE DIMENS
IONS
,

APPLICATIONS TO HEAT

FLOW
PROBLEMS
,

COMPUTER PROGRAMS
.












(6)


HYPERBOLIC PARTIAL D
IFFERENTIAL EQUATION
S:

S
OLVING WAVE EQUATION

BY FINITE DIFFERENCE
S
,

STABILITY OF NUM
ERICAL
METHOD
,

METHOD OF CHARACTERI
STICS
,

W
AVE EQUATION IN TWO
SPACE DIMENSIONS
,

COMPUTER PROGRAMS
.





(6)





CURVE FITTING AND AP
PROXIMATION OF FUNCT
IONS:

L
EAST SQUARE APPROXIM
ATION
,

F
ITTING OF NON
-
LINEAR CURVES BY
LEAST SQUARES
,

REGRESSION ANALYSIS
,

COMPUTER PROGRAMS
.







(5)




Note:
E
XPOSURE TO
MATLAB

/

C

/

C++

FOR THE SOLUTION OF
DESIGN PROBLEMS WILL

BE GIVEN TO THE STUD
ENTS AND THEY HAVE T
O
SUBMIT
A
SSIGNMENTS
/T
ERM PAPERS USING
C
OMPUTER PROGRAMS
.










T
OTAL
42


REFERENCES
:

1.

C
URTIS
F

G
ERALD AND
P
ATRICK
O

W
HEATLEY
,

"A
PPLIED
N
UMERICAL
A
NALYSIS
",

P
EARSON
E
DUCATION
,

2002.

2.

R
AJASEKARAN
S,

“N
UMERICAL
M
ETHODS IN
S
CIENCE AND
E
NGINEERING


A

P
RACTICAL
A
PPROACH
”,

W
HEELER
P
UBLISHING
,

1999,

S
ECOND


E
DITION
.

3.

D
OUGLAS
J

F
AIRES AND
R
ICHED
B
URDEN
,

"N
UMERICAL
M
ETHODS
",

B
ROOKS
/C
OLE
P
UBLISHING
C
OMPANY
,

1998,

S
ECOND
E
DITION
.

4.

S
TEVEN
C

C
HAPRA AND
R
AYMOND
P

C
ANALE
,

“N
UMERICAL
M
ETHO
DS FOR
E
NGINEERS WITH
S
OFTWARE AND
P
ROGRAMMING
A
PPLICATIONS
”,



T
ATA
M
C
G
RAW
H
ILL
E
DITION
,

2004.

5.

J
OHN
H

M
ATHEWS AND
K
URTIS
D

F
INK
,

“N
UMERICAL
M
ETHODS USING
MATLAB”,

P
RENTICE
H
ALL
,

1998.

6.

W
ARD
C
HENEY AND
D
AVID
K
INCAID
,

"N
UMERICAL
M
ATHEMATICS

AND
C
OMPUTING
",

B
ROOKS
/C
OLE
P
UBLISHING
C
OMPANY
,

1999,

F
OURTH


E
DITION
.




09
MC02

COMPONENTS

AND ARCHITECTURE

OF CIM



3
0

0
3


INTRODUCTION TO FMS, RMS, CIM:
I
ntroduction to FMS, FMS equipment, tool management system, system layouts,
r
econfigura
ble machines and systems
,

CIM technology issues, CIM Models.











(5)


MATERIAL HANDLING
,

STORAGE & DATA COLLECTION:

Functions, types, analysis of material handling equipments. Design
of conveyor and AGV systems, storage

system performance, AS/RS, carousel storage system, WIP storage system, interfacing
handling storage with manufacturing. Automatic data collection, bar code technology, Radio Frequency Identification.





(5)



PROCESS PLANNING:

Approaches
to process planning, CAPP
-

variant approach and generative approach, study
of a typical
process planning, system.














(4)


ERP
MODULES
:

Materials,
human resource, production, sales
,

marketing and finance
, dynamic enterpri
se modeling.




(4)


NETWORKS:

Computer networks, a perspective, goals, applications, switching techniques, circuit switching, message switching,
packet switching, network components, existing network, ARPANET, concepts of network protocol, OSI re
ference model.





(5)



LAN & ACCESS TECHNIQUES:

Topologies
-

star, ring, bus. E
therne
t, transmission media, protocols, polling, contention, ALOHA,
CSMA, CSMA/CD, token ring protocols, performance comparisons.




(5)



61


INTERNETWORKING DEVICES:

Prin
ciples, repeaters, bridges, routing with bridges, routers, brouters, gateways, hubs and
switches, TCP/IP


protocol structure, internet
protocol,

transmission
protocol,

applications.






(5)


FUNDAMENTALS OF NETWORKI
NG:

Networking concepts, LOSI, MAP, TOP, LAN and WAN, internet and related technologies,
collaborative engineering.










(5)










CIM
CASE STUDIES
:

CIM implementation, integration, benefits of CIM.







(4)













Total

42


REFERE
NCE
S
:

1.

Basandra S
K and

Jaiswal, “Local Area Networks”, Galgotia
P
ublications Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 200
6
.

2

Taylor E D, “Networking Handbook”, Tata McGraw Hill Co
.

L
td, New Delhi, 200
4
.

3

Rao P N, “CAD/CAM, Principles and Applications”, Tata McGraw Hill Co
.

L
t
d, New Delhi, 2004
.

4

Tien
-
chien Chang and Richard A Wysk, “An Introduction to Automated Process Planning Systems”, Prentice Hall Inc.,



Englewood
C
liffs, New Jersey
, 1985
.

5
.

Radhakrishnan P
and Subramanyan

S, “CAD/CAM/CIM”, New Age
International

Ltd
, 200
3
.


09MC03

INTEGRATED PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES

3 0 0 3


INTRODUCTION:

Product lifecycle management
-
concepts, benefits, value addition to customer. Lifecycle models
-

creation of
projects and roles, users and project management, s
ystem administration, access control and its use in life cycle. Product
development process and functions.





(6)



COLLABORATIVE PRODUCT DESIG
N:

Data transfer. Variants of e
-
commerce. Multisystem information sharing. Workgroup
collaboration. Development of standard classification for components and suppliers. Model assembly process
-
link product and
operational information. Customisation facto
rs
-
creation of business objects, user interfaces, search facile ties as designed by the
enterprise. Software
-
PDM/CPC/PLM and their comparison.




(6)





PR
ODUCT DEVELOPMENT:
Quality function deployment
-
quality project approach and the problem solving process. Design
creativity
-
innovations in design alternatives. Concurrent engineering, industrial design principles.





(5)




JOURNEY IN PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT:
Product development versus design, types of design and redesign, modern production
development process, reverse engineering and redesign product development process, examples of product development process,
scoping
product development


S
-
curve, new product development.












(5)


UNDERSTANDING CUSTOMER NEEDS:


Gathering customer needs, organizing and prioritizing customer needs, establishing
product function
, FAST method, establishing system functionality.







(5)


PRODUCT TEAR DOWN AND EXPERIMENTATION:

Tear down method, post teardown report, benchmarking and esta
blishing
engineering specifications, product portfolios.







(5)


GENERATING CONCEPTS:


Information gathering, brain ball, C
-
sk
etch/6
-
3
-
5 method, morphological analysis, concept selection,
technical feasibility, ranking, measurement theory, DFMA, design for robustness.




(5)


PHYSICAL PROTOTYPES:

Types of pr
ototypes, use of prototypes, rapid prototyping technique scale, dimensional analysis and
similitude, physical model and experimentation
-
design of experiments, statistical analysis of experiments.



(5)



T
OTAL
42


REFERENCES:

1. John W Gosn
ay and Christine M Mears, “Business Intelligence with Cold Fusion”, Prentice Hall India, New Delhi, 2000.

2.


David S Linthicum, “B2B Application Integration”, Addison Wesley, Boston, 2001.

3. Alexis Leon, “Enterprise Resource Planning”, Tata McGraw
Hill, New Delhi, 2002.

4. David Ferry and Larry Whipple, “Building and Intelligent e
-
business”, Prima Publishing, EEE Edition, California, 2000.

5. David Bedworth, Mark Hederson and Phillip Wolfe, “Computer Integrated Design and Manufacturing” McGr
aw Hill


Inc., New York, 1991.

6. Wind
-
Chill R5.0 Reference manuals 2000.

7. Kevin Otto and Kristin Wood, “Product Design


Techniques in Reverse Engineering and New Product Development”, Pearson
Education, New Delhi, 2004.

8.


K
ARL
T

U
LRICH AND
S
TEPHEN
D

E
PPINGER
,

“P
RODUCT
D
ESIGN AND
D
EVELOPMENT
”,

M
C
G
RAW
H
ILL
,

N
EW
Y
ORK
,

1994.



0
9
MC0
4 MECHATRONICS

SYSTEM

DESIGN




3 1 0 4




MODELING AND SIMULATION:

Definition, key elements, mechatronics approach for design process, modelin
g of engineering
systems, modeling system with spring, damper and mass, modeling chamber filled with fluid, modeling pneumatic actuator. trans
fer
functions, frequency response of systems, bode plot. software and hardware in loop simulation.





(7)


SENSORS, ACTUATORS
AND
CONTROL VALVES:


Sensors for motion and position measurement, force, torque, tactile,
temperature sensors, ultrasonic sensors, hall
-
effect sensors, magneto strictive actuators, Memory
-
metal
actuators, Shape memory
alloys. Selection of sensors for different applications. Pneumatic, hydraulic and electrical actuators and their working prin
ciples,
control valves


directions, pressure and flow, proportional valves, servo valves.








(7)




62

MICROPROCESSORS & MICROCONTROLLERS:

Microprocessors
-

introduction, 8085 architecture, types of memory, machine
cycles and timing diagram, addressing modes, instruction set, development of simple programs. 8051
m
icrocontroller architecture,
r
egisters, addressing modes, interrupts, port structure, timer blocks and applications
-

stepper motor speed control
.




(9)




AUTOMATION SYSTEM DESIGN:

Design of fluid power circuits


c
ascade, KV
-
map and step counter method. PLC ladder logic
diagram, programming of PLC,
f
ringe condition modules,
s
izing of components in pneumatic and hydraulic
s
ystems. A
nalysis of
hydraulic circuits.









(14)


REAL TIME INTERFACING:

Introduction to data acquisition and control systems, overview of I/O process, virtual instrumentation,
interfacing of v
arious sensors and actuators with PC, Condition monitoring, SCADA systems.


(5)

T
OTAL
42


REFERENCES:

1. Devdas
S
hetty and Richard A

Kolk, “Mechatronics System Design”, PWS Publishing Company, USA,

1997
.

2. Ramesh S


Gaonkar, “Microprocessor Architecture, Programming, and Applications with the 8085”, Penram


International, India, 2000.

3.
Kenneth J Ayala, “8051 Microcontroller, Architecture, Programming and Applications” Penram Inter
national, India, 1996.

4.
Anthony Espisito, “Fluid Power with Application”, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2003.

5.
Sanjay Gupta and Joseph John, “Virtual Instrumentation
and

Lab VIEW”, Tata McGraw Hill Publications, Co.,


Ltd., 2005.

6
. Bolto
n
W
, “Mechatronics”, Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 2002.

7
. Sabrie
S
oloman, “Sensors and Control Systems in Manufacturing”, McGraw

Hill, Inc, 1994
.

8
. H
MT, “Mechatronics”, Tata McGraw
Hill
P
ublishing
C
ompany, New

Delhi, 1998
.


9
. Peter Rohner

and Gordron Smith, “Pneumatic Control for Industrial Automation”,

John Wiley and Sons, 1987.

10. Bradley
D

A, Dawson

D, Buru
N

C and Loader

A

J, “Mechatronics”, Chapman and Hall, 1993
.


0
9
MC0
5

CNC

MACHINE

TOOLS




3 0 0 3


COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL




I
NTRODUCTION AND DESIGN FEATURES OF CNC MACHINES

TOOLS
:
Working principles of typical CNC lathes, turning
centre, machining centre, CNC grinders, CNC gear cutting machines, wire cut EDM, turret punch press, CNC press brakes.
Selection of CNC machine tools.

Structure, drive kinematics, gear box, main drive, feed drive, selection of timing belts and pulleys,
spindle bearings arrangement and installation. Re
-
circulating ball screws, linear motion guideways, tool magazines, ATC, APC, chip
conveyors, tool turret
s, pneumatic and hydraulic control systems.










(6)



CONTROL SYSTEMS AND INTERFACING:
Open loop and closed loop systems, microprocessor based CNC systems, block
diagram of a typical CNC system, description of hardware and software
interpolation systems, standard and optional features of a
CNC control system, comparison of different control systems. Feedback devices with a CNC system, spindle encoder
.

(5)


PART PROGRAMMING OF A CNC LATHE:
Process planning, tooling,
preset and qualified tools, typical tools for turning and
machining centres. Axes definition, machine and workpiece datum, turret datum, absolute and incremental programming, tape
codes
-

ISO and EIA codes, G and M functions, tool offset information, sof
t jaws, tool nose radius compensation, long turning cycle,
facing cycle, constant cutting velocity, threading cycle, peck drilling cycle, part programming examples.







(5)




MANU
AL PART PROGRAMMING OF A MACHINING CENTRE:
Co
-
ordinate systems, cutter diameter compensation, fixed cycles
-

drilling cycle, tapping cycle, boring cycle, fineboring cycle, back boring cycle, area clearance programs, macros, parametric

programming, part prog
ramming examples. CAD/CAM based NC

part

programming, features of typical CAM packages.



(5)




ROBOTICS


FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

OF ROBOTICS:

History,
present status

and future trends
, robotics

and automation,
laws of robotics,
robot definition, robotics systems and robot anatomy, specification of robots. Resolution, repeatability and accuracy of a m
anipulator.














(5)



ROBOT DRIVES:

Power transmission

systems and control robot drive mechanisms
, mechanical

transmission
method,

rotary
-
to
-
rotary

motion conversion
, rotary
-
to
-
linear motion conversion
,

end
effectors
-

types,

gripping
problem,

remote
-
centered compliance
devices,

control of actuators in robotic mechanisms. Sensors for robotic applications.







(7)


TRANSFORMATIONS

AND KINEMATICS:

Homogeneous

co
-
ordinates
,

co
-
ordinate reference frames
,

homogeneous

transformations for the manipulator
,

the forward and inverse problem of manipulator kinematics
,

motion generation
,

manipulator
dynamics
,

Jacobian in terms of D.H.matrices controller architecture. Robot programming.




(9)


Total

42


REFERENCES:

1.

Radhakrishnan P, “Computer Numerical Control (CNC) Machines”, New Central Book Agency, 1992.

2.

Richard
D
Klafter, Thomas A Chmielewski
and
Michael

Negin, "Robotic
Engineering,

an Integrated

A
pproach", Eastern
Economy Edition
,

Prentice Hall

Pvt. Ltd.
,
2001
.

3.

Fu K S
, Go
nsalez

R C
and Lee

C S G, "Robotics: Control Sensing, Vision,
I
ntelligence",
McGraw Hill

Book

Co.
, 1987
.

4.

Mikell P Groover, Mitchell Weiss, Roger N Nagel, Nicholas G Odrey, “Industrial Robotics”, McGraw Hill Book Co, NY,
2008
.

5.
Yoram Koren, “
Computer Control

of Manufacturing Systems”,
Tata
McGraw Hill Book Co
.
,
2005
.

6.
FAG Spindle Bea
rings for Machine Tools


Catalogue
, 1995
.

7.

TSK Ball Screws and Linear Motion Systems Manual
, 1998
.

8.
Kirloskar DC Servo Motors Catalogue
, 1995
.

9.
Uniroyal Powergrip Timing Belt Design Manual, 1995.

10.
Programming Instruction Manua
ls of CNC Lathes and Machining Centres, 2001.

11.
Korta,

"
Ball

S
crews”

1985
.



63

12.
Shuman Y

No
, "Handbook of Industrial Robotics", John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1985.

13.
Deb S R, "Robotics Technology and Flexible Automation",
Tata
McGraw Hill

Bo
ok Co.
,
2004
.



09MC06
DESIGN FOR MANUFACTU
RE AND ASSEMBLY



3 1 0 4


PROCESS CAPABILITY AND TOLERANCES:

Geometric tolerances: applications, geometric tolerancing for manufacture as per
Indian Standards

and ASME Y 14.5 standard
, surface finish, review of r
elationship between attainable tolerance grades and different
machining processes. Process capability, mean, process capability metrics, Cp, Cpk, cost aspects. Tolerances: Limits and Fits
,
tolerance Chains and identification of functionally important dimen
sions, Statistical tolerance i
ndication in mechanical drawings
population parameter zone in the µ, σ plane defined using Cp, Cpk.













(4)


TOLERANCE STACK UP ANALYSIS:

Dimensional chain analysis
-
equivalent tolerances method, e
quivalent standard tole
rance
grade method,
e
quivalent influence method
.










(2
)


SELECTIVE ASSEMBLY:

Interchangeable past manufacture and selective assembly, deciding the number of groups
-

Model
-
I:
Group tolerances of mating parts equ
al; Model
-
II: total and group tolerances of shaft equal. Control of axial play
-

introducing
secondary machining operations, laminated shims, examples.




(5
)



D
ATUM SYSTEMS AND FIXTURE DESIGN:

Degrees of freedom, grouped datum systems
-

different types, two and three mutually
perpendicular grouped datum planes; Grouped datum system with spigot and recess, pin and hole; Grouped datum system with
spigot and recess
pair and tongue
-

slot pair
-

computation of translational and rotational accuracy, geometric analysis and
applications.







(4
)


TRUE POSITION THEORY:

Comparison between co
-
ordinate and convention method of feature location, tolerancing and true
position tolerancing, virtual size concept, floating and fixed fasteners, projected tolerance zone, zero true position tolera
nce,
compo
und assembly.











(6)


FUNCTIONAL INSPECTION TECHNI
EQ
ES:

Functional in
spection techniques using CMM, o
ptical comparators and paper layout
gauging, ga
u
ge repeatability and reproducibility (GR & R) calculations.





(2)


FORM DESIGN OF CASTINGS, WELDMENTS AND SHEET METAL COMPONENTS:

Redesign of castings based on parting line
considerations, minimising core requirements, redesigning cast memb
ers using weldments, form design aspects of sheet metal
components.











(5)


TOLERANCE CHARTING TECHNIQUE:

Operation sequence for typical

shaft type of components. Preparation of process drawings
for different operations, tolerance worksheets and centrality analysis, examples.



(5)


REDESIGN FOR MANUFACTURE:

Design

features to facilitate machining: datum features
-

functional and manufacturing.
Component design
-

machining considerations, redesign for manufacture, examples.


(4)


DESIGN FOR THE ENV
IRONMENT:

Introduction
-
environmental objectives
-
global issues
-
regional and local issues
-
basic DFE
methods
-
design guidelines
-
example application.









(1)


DFMA TOOLS:

Rules and methodologies used to design components for manual, automatic and

flexible assembly,
t
raditional
d
esign and
m
anufacture Vs
c
oncurrent
e
ngineering
,
DFA index, poke
-
yoke,
l
ean principles, six sigma concepts
,

DFMA as the tool
for concurrent engineering, three DFMA criteria for retaining components for redesign of a product
;
d
esign for
m
anual
a
ssembly;
design for a
utomatic
a
ssembly;

computer
-
aided design for assembly using software
.



(
4
)









Total 42

REFERENCES:

1.

Harry Peck, "Designing for Manufacture", Pitman Publicatio
ns, 1983.

2.

Matousek, "Engineering Design
-

A Systematic Approach", Blackie and Son Ltd., London, 1974.

3.

Micheal Wader “Lean Tools: A Pocket Guide to Implementing Lean Practices”, Productivity and Quality Publishing Pvt
.

Ltd.,



2002.

4
.


Spotts M F, "Dimensioning and Tolerance for Quantity Production", Prentice Hall Inc., 1983.

5
.


Oliver R Wade, "Tolerance Control in Design and Manufacturing" Industrial Press Inc., New York, 1967.

6
.

James G Bralla, "Hand Book of Product Desig
n for Manufacturing", McGraw Hill Publications, 1983.

7
.

Boothroyd G, Dewhurst P and Knight W,

Product Design for Manufacture and Assembly

, Marcell Dekker.

8
.


Poke
-

Yoke, "Improving Product Quality by Preventing Defects", Productivity Press, 199
2.

9
.

Poli C, “Design for Manufacturing: A Structured Approach

, Butterworth Heinemann.

10. Fixel J, “Design for the Environment”, McGraw Hill, 1996.

11. Graedel T, Allen by B, “Design for the Environment Angle Wood Cliff”, Prentice Hall, Reason Pu
blications, 1996.


09MC51 MECHATRONICS

SYSTEM LABORATORY



1 0 3 3




1.
Design of Fluid power circuits:



Simulation of a pneumatic sequential circuit



Simulation of an electro
-
pneumatic sequential circuit



Creating a ladder
-
logic program

and executing it



Measurement of flow and velocity at different locations of meter
-
in, meter
-
out & bleed

off power hydraulic
circuits


2.
PC based control and automation:



64



Interfacing sensors such as flow sensor, pressure sensor, LVDT, thermocouple, R
TD, strain gauges and
acquiring signals in a PC using LabVIEW



Controlling linear and rotary actuators through a PC using LabVIEW



Inspection using Smart cameras (Machine Vision)



Controlling temperature of a hot chamber using a closed
-
loop system



Controllin
g motion of a DC motor using PID controllers



Interfacing PLC with SCADA, creating alarm logging and tag logging



Developing embedded systems using SbRIO.


3.
Programming using Micro
-
controller:



Controlling speed of stepper motor


4.
Programming of

Robots:



Programming LEGO robots using LabVIEW



Programming Fanuc robot for pick & place operation


5.

Study of Sensors in Automotive Systems


SEMESTER 2


09MC07 GEOMETRIC MOD
ELLING




3 0

0
3



OVERVIEW OF CAD SYSTEMS AND GRAPHICS TRANSFOR
MATIONS:

Conventional and computer aided design processes,
s
ubsystems of CAD
-
CAD hardware and software, analy
tical a
nd graphics packages, CAD workstations. networking
o
f CAD
s
ystems,
generative, c
ognitive
a
nd image processing graphics, static
a
nd dynamic d
ata graphics. Transport
o
f graphics data. graphic
standards, generation
o
f graphic primitives, display
a
nd viewing, transformations

customizing

graphics software.



(12)




MATHEMATICAL RE
PRESENTATION OF CURVES AND SURFACES
: Introduction, wireframe models, parametric representation
of curves (analytic a
nd synthetic), curve manipulation, surface models, types of surfaces,
i
ntroduction to parametric representation of
surfaces,
d
esign examples
.





(9)



MATHEMATICAL REPRESENTATION OF SO
LIDS
: Fundamentals
o
f solid modeling, boundary representation, constructive solid
geometry, solid manipulations, solid modeling based applications.


(7)






VISUAL REALISM AND COMPUTER ANIMATION:

Model cleanup, hidden line removal, shading,

computer animation, animation
systems, design applications
.








(7)



MASS PROPERTY CALCULATIONS:

I
ntroduction,
g
eometrical property formulation,
m
ass property formulation,
d
esign and
e
ngineering applications
.












(7)



Total
42

references:

1. I
brahim Zeid, "CAD/C
AM Th
eory and Practice", McGraw

Hill Inc., New Delhi, 2003.

2. Radhakrishnan P and Kothandaraman C P, "Computer Graphics and Design", Dhanpat Rai and Sons, 1997.

3. Radhakrishnan P and Subramanyan S, “CAD/CAM/CIM”, Wiley Eastern Limited, 1997.

4. Mich
ael E Mortenson, "Geometric Modeling", John Wiley and Sons Inc., Second Edition, 1997
.

5. Vera B Anand, "Computer Graphics and Geometric Modeling for Engineers", John Wiley and Sons Inc., New Delhi, 2000.

6. David Solomon, “Computer Graphics and Geom
etric Modeling", Springer Verlag, 1999
.



09MC0
8
/09MM13

FEA IN MANUFACTURING




3
1

0

4







INTRODUCTION:
Variational

formulation
-

general field problems in
e
ngineering
-

modeling

-

discrete and continuous models


characteristics
-

the relevance and p
lace of finite element method, boundary and initial value problems
-

gradients and divergence
theories


functional

-

varitional calculus
-

varitional formulation of B.V.P
-

The method of weighted residuals
-
t
he Ritz
-
Galerkin
relaxation.












(7)


STATIC ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
General procedure of FEM

-

d
iscretization of the problem

-

geometric approximations
-

symmetry
-

size and number of elements. element shape and distortion, location of nodes
,
f
ormulation of element stiffne
ss matrices
by potential energy approach
-

1D spar and beam elements
-

2D triangular and quadrilateral elements
-

axisymmetric triangular
elements
-

shape function for 3D tetrahedron element
-

isoparametric formulation. Treatment of boundary condition. Galerk
in’s
residual method and its application to a one dimensional bar.









(16)


DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
D
ynamic analysis
-
equations of motions
-
mass matrices
-
lumped and mass matrices
-
free
vibration analysis
-
natural frequenc
ies of longitudinal introduction to
E
igen buckling analysis
-
application and examples
.




(7)



FINITE ELEMENT FORMULATION OF HEAT TRANSFER PROBLEMS:
Governing equations

of heat transfer. Finit
e element
formulation using variational method. One
dimensional and

two dimensional

heat transfer problems, Transient thermal analysis.
Application of Galerkin method to heat transfer problems.






(6)



APPLICATION OF FEM IN MODELLING MANUFACTURING PROCESS:
Thermo mechanical modeling of manufacturing
processes
-

welding, casting, forming and machining
(
single point tool)
-
setting an appropriate model, interpreting the results and
assessin
g the solution error.









(6)












Total 42




65

REFERENCES:

1. Chandrupatla T R and Belegundu A D, “Introduction to Finite Elements in Engineering”, Pearson Education,
New Delhi
, 200
7.

2. Logan D L, “A First Course in the Finite Element Method”, Third Edition, Thomson Learning, 2007.

3. Gupta O P, “Finite
a
nd Boundary Element Methods
in

Engineering”, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.

Pvt
.
Ltd, 1999.

4. Rao S S, “The Finite E
lemen
t Method in Engineering”, Elsevier, 2005.

5. Rajasekaran S, “Finite Element Analysis in Engineering Design”, S

Chand, 2008.

6. Seshu P, “A Text
B
ook on Finite Element Analysis”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 200
7
.

7. Cook R D, Malkus D S and

Plesha M E, “Concepts and Applications of

Finite Element Analysis”, Fourth Edition, John Wiley



and Sons, New Delhi, 2003.



0
9
MC0
9
/09mn09


MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS

3
0

0

3


MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS AND MODELS:

Types and princ
iples of manufacturing systems, types and uses of manufacturing
models, physical models, mathematical models, model uses, model building.




(3)


FLOW SHOP SYSTEMS:

Assembly lines
-

reliable serial systems
-

approaches
to line balancing


COMSOAL, ranked positional
weight heuristic, branch and bound technique (optimal solution)


sequencing mixed models


unpaced lines. transfer lines and
general serial systems


paced lines without buffers, two stage paced lines with bu
ffers, introduction to unpaced lines.


(8)


FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS:

System components


planning and control hierarchy


system design, system setup,
scheduling and control


flexible assembly systems
.








(3)


CELLULAR SYSTEMS:

Group
technology


coding schemes


assigning machines to groups


production flow analysis, binary
ordering algorithm, single pass heuristic, similarity coefficients, grap
h partition
-

assigning parts to machines
.


(5)



JOB SHOP SYSTEMS:

Facility layout
-

systematic layout planning, quadratic assignments problem approach


VNZ heuristic,
branch and bound method


graph theoretical approach


decomposition of large facilities


net aisle and department layout
.

(5)



SUPPORTING COMPONENTS:

Machine setup and operation sequencing


task assignment, task sequencing, integrated
assignment and sequencing. material handling systems


conveyo
r analysis, AGV systems. Warehousing


storage and retrieval
systems, order picking.







(7)


GENERIC MODELING APPROACHES
:
Q
ueuing models


notations, pe
rformance measures, m/m/1 queue, m/m/m queue, batch
arrival queuing systems, queues with breakdowns


queuing networks


open and closed networks, central server model.



(5
)


MODELING THROUGH PETRI NET:

B
asic definitions


classical petri nets


transformation firing and reachability, reachability
graphs


representation schemes


timed
P
erti nets
-

m
odeling of manufacturing s
ystems
.








(6)








Total 42

REFERENCES:

1.
Ronald G Askin, “Modeling and Analysis of Manufacturing Systems”, John Wiley and Sons, Inc, 1993.

2.
Viswanatham N

and Narahari

Y “Performance Modeling of Automated Manufacturing Systems”,
Pren
tice Hall

Inc.,

1992
.

3.
Mengchu Zhou, “
Modeli
ng, Simulation, and Control of Flexible Manufacturing Systems: A Petri Net Approach”,

World Scientific


Publishing Company Pvt Ltd., 2000.

4.
Jean Marie Proth
and Xiaolan Xie
,
“Petri

Nets: A Tool for Design and Management of Manufacturing Syste
ms”, John Wiley


and Sons, New York, 1996.

5.
Brandimarte

P and

Villa

A
,

Modeling

Manufacturing Systems
” Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1999
.


09
MC13 DESIGNING WITH
COMPOSITE

AND SMART
MATERIAL
S


3
1

0
4


INTRODUCTION:

Modern materials in design, t
ypes, metals, polymers, ceramics, composites. Classification and properties of
polymers, applications, merits and demerits. Classification of composites, advantages, applications. Matrix and their role, p
rincipal
types of fibre and matrix materials.













(6)


MANUFACTURE OF COMPOSITE COMPONENTS:

Lay up and curing, open and closed mould processes, hand lay up techniques,
bag moulding, filament winding, pultrusion, pulforming, thermoforming, injections moulding, blow moulding an overvi
ew of metal
matrix composite processing and ceramic matrix composite processing
.




(5)


MICRO MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF A LAMINA:

Volume and mass fractions, evaluation of elastic modul
i, strength of
unidirectional lamina, multiaxial strength criteria, analysis of discontinuous fiber lamina.





(7)


MACRO MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF A LAMINA:
Hooke's law for different types of ma
terials, engineering constants for
orthotropic materials. Stress, strain relations for plane stress in an orthotropic materials and in a lamina of arbitrary ori
entation,
strength of an orthotropic lamina, basic strength theories, determinations of enginee
ring constants, mechanics of materials
approach.





(7)


MACRO MECHANIC
AL BEHAVIOUR OF A
LAMINATE:

Classical lamination theory
-

lamina stress
-

strain behaviour
-

r
esultant
forces and moments in a laminate
-

types of laminates
-

strength and stiffness of laminates


inter

laminar stresses in laminates. (5)


DESIGN AND ANAL
YSIS OF COMPOSITE STRUCTURES:

Fatigue, Fracture mechanics
-
basic principles, fracture initiation, crack
growth and crack growth modes, toughening mechanisms, Environmental effects, Composite joints
-
bonded, bolted and bonded
-
bolted joints.











(6)


SMART MATERIALS:

Electro
-
rheological, piezoelectric, shape
-
memory and magnetostrictive materials. Material characteristics of


66

smart materials. Application of smart materials for design of

intelligent structures
.




(6)



Total

42


REFERENCES:

1. Autar K

Kaw, "Mechanics of Composite Materials",
Second
Edition, CRC Press, NY, ISBN 0849313430, 9780849313431,


200
6.

2.
Bhagwan D
,
Agarwal, Lawrence J

and

Broutman,

Analysis and Performance of Fibre Composites",
Second
Edition, John


Wiley and Sons Inc, ISBN 0471059285, 9780471059288,1990.

3.
Matthews F L and Rawlings R D, “Composite Materials: Engine
ering and Science”, Woodhead Publishing, reprint
-

ISBN


1855734737, 9781855734739,1999.

4.

Srinivasan A

V and Michael McFarland, “Smart Structures: Analysis and Design”, Cambridge University Press, UK,


ISBN 0521659779, 9780521659772,

2001
.

5.
Ronald F Gibson,


Principles of Composite Material Mechanics",
Second Edition
, McGraw Hill Book Co, ISBN 0824753895,


9780824753894, 2007.

6.
Robert M Jones, "Mechanics of Composite Materials",
Second Edition, Taylor and
Francis, ISBN 1
56032712X,


9781560327127, 1999.

7.
Terry Richardson, "Composites
-

A Design Guide", Industrial Press Inc, NY, ISBN 0831111739, 978083111173,

1987.

8.
Sanjay K

Mazumdar, “Composites Manufacturing: Materials, Product, and Process Engineering”,
CRC Press, NY, ISBN


0849305853, 9780849305856,

2002.



09MC1
7
/09MN05/09ML17
/09MM05

OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQ
UES

3
1

0 4


NONLINEAR OPTIMIZATION:

Introduction


u
nconstrained optimization
-

one
-
dimensional optimization


e
limination methods


F
ibonacci m
ethod, golden section methods


interpolation methods


quadratic, direct route method


multivariable optimization
-

d
irect search methods


pattern search methods


univariate m
ethod, hooks and jeeves method
, simplex method


descent
methods


steepest d
escent,
N
ewton methods.












(9)


CONSTRAINED NONLINEAR OPTIMIZATION:
Direct methods


the complex method, cutting plane method


i
ndirect methods


interior and exterior penalty function methods, Khun
-
Tucker conditions, Lagrangian

method.








(6)


INTEGER AND DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING:

Introduction to
integer programming


solution techniques
-

graphical method, the
branch and bound technique, gomary’s cutting plane method, examples on the application in manufacturing / d
esign systems


introduction to dynamic programming
-

bellman’s principle of optimality, examples on the application on rou
ting problem, inventory
problem
.











(7)


NETWORK OPTIMIZATION MODELS
: Terminology of
n
etworks


the shortest route problem


t
he minimum spanning tree problem


t
he maximum flow problem


t
he minimum cost flow problem


t
he network simplex method.








(6)


NON
-
TRADIT
IONAL OPTIMIZATION


I:

Introduction to
n
on
-
traditional optimization,
c
omputational
complexity


NP
-
h
ard, NP
-
c
omplete,
n
o free lunch theorem


w
orking principles of
s
imulated
a
nnealing, Tabu
s
earch, and
n
eural
n
etworks,
s
imple applications.



















(6)


NON
-
TRADITIONAL OPTIMIZATION


II
: Introduction to Genetic Algorithms, Ant Colony Algorithm, Particle Swap Algorithm, Hybrid
Algorithms, Simple Applications.














(8)


Total 42

REFERENCES:

1.


Singiresu S Rao, “Engineering Optimization: Theory and Practice”, Wiley
-
Interscience, Third Edition, 1996.

2.


Kalyanmoy Deb,
“Optimization

for engineering design”,
Prentice

Hall
India

Pvt
.

L
td., New Delhi, 2000.

3.
David E Goldberg, “Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning”, Addison

Wesley Pub Co., 1989.

4.
Marco Dorigo and Thomas Stutzle, “Ant Colony Optimization”,
Prentice Hall o
f India
,
2005
.

5.
Mauri
ce Clerc, “Pa
rticle Swarm Optimization”, ISTE
, 2007

6.
Dimitri P Bertsekas, “Dynamic Programming: Deterministic and Stochastic Models”, Prentice Hall, 1987.

7.
Harvey
M Salkin
, “Integer Programming”, Addison
-
Wesley Pub. Co., 1975.

8.
Stephen

G Nash and Ariela Sofer, “Linear and Nonlinear Programming”, McGraw Hill College Div., 1995.

9.
Fred Glover, Manuel Laguna and Fred Laguna, “Tabu Search”, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997.

10.
Cihan
H Dagli
,

“Artificial Neural Networks for Intelli
gent Manufacturing”, Chapman and Hall, London, 1994, ISBN 0 412


48050.


09MC2
4
/09MM11

PRECISION ENGINEERIN
G

3
0

0
3


ACCURACY:

Concept of accuracy


accuracy of numeric control systems, acceptance test for machine tools.







(6
)


FACTORS AFFECTING ACCURACY:
Static stiffness and its influence on machining

accuracy, inaccuracies due to thermal effects,
influence of forced vibrations on accuracy, dimensional wear of cutting tools and its influence on accuracy.




(
7
)


MICRO FINISHING PROCESS:

Surface roughness, bearing area curves, surface texture measurement, methods of improving
accuracy and surface finish, finish boring, finish grinding, precision cylindrical grinding, micro machining, precision micro

drilling
.

(7
)


UNCONVENTIONAL MACHINING:

EDM machining,
electro mechanical grinding, e
lectron beam machining,
l
aser beam machining.

micro EDM and its applications, micro machining with laser











(7)





67

MICRO

ELECTRO MECHAN
ICAL SYSTEMS:

Introduction to silicon processing, wafer cleaning, diffusion and ion implantation,
oxidation, photolithography, photo resist, resist strip, electron beam and X
-
ray lithography, thin film deposition, evaporation,
sputtering, molecular beam ep
itaxy, chemical vapour deposition, electro plating.






(7)


BULK MICRO MACHINING

AND NANO TECHNOLOGY
:

Wet etching, isotropic etching, anisotropic etching, dry etching, physica
l
etching, reactive ion etching, Nano
Technology, nano
-
grating system, nano
-
lithography, fabrication of CCDS, nano processing of
materials for super high density ICs, nano
-
mechanical parts.









(8
)


Total
42

REFERENCES:

1.

Murthy

R
L, “Precision Engineering in Manufacturing”, Ne
w Age International Publishers, 1996.

2.

Mark

J
Madou
, “Fundamentals of Micro Fabrication”, CRC Press, 2002.

3.

Niño

Tanigudi, “Nanotechnology”, Oxford University Press, New York, 2003.

4.
Davidson, “Handbook of Precision Engineering”, Vol. 1
,

12
, McMillan, 1
972.

5.

Jaeger R C, “Introduction to Micro Electronics Fabrication”, Addison Wesley, England, 1988.

6.

Chang C V and Sze S

M

, “VLSI Technology”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2003.

7.

Bhart Bhusshan
, “
Handbook of Nano Technology”, Springer German
y, 2004.


09MC2
5
/09MN02/09MM02

OPERATIONS MANAGEMEN
T


3
0

0
3


FORECASTING:

Introduction, measures of forecast. accuracy, forecasting methods
,

time series smoothing
,

regression models
,

exponential smoothing
,

seasonal
forecasting,

cyclic fo
recasting.







(5)


FACILITY LOCATION AN
D LAYOUT:

Location factors, location evaluation methods. Different types of layouts for operations and
production. Arrangement of facilities within dep
artments.











(5)






AGGREGATE PLANNING A
ND MASTER PRODUCTION

SCHEDULING:

Approaches to aggregate planning
,

graphical, empirical,
and optimisation. Development of a master production schedule, materials requi
rement planning (MRP
-
I) and manufacturing
resource planning (MRP
-
II).













(5)


INVENTORY ANALYSIS A
ND CONTROL
:

Definitions
,

ABC inventory
s
ystem
,

EOQ models
for purchased

parts
,

inventory

order
poli
cies
,

EMQ models

for manufactured parts
,

lot sizing techniques.
I
nventory models

under uncertainty.







(5)


WORK MEASUREMENT:

Labo
u
r
standards and

work measurement 408
,

historical
experience 409
,

time studies 409,

predetermined t
ime standards 413.






(3)



SCHEDULING AND CONTR
OLLING:

Objectives in
s
cheduling
,

major steps involved
,

in
formation system linkages in production
planning and control
,

production control in repetitive, batch and jobshop manufacturing environment.






(5)


JUST IN
TIME MANUFACTURING
:

Introduction elements of JIT
,

uniform production ra
te
,

pull

Vs push method
,

Kanban system
,

small lot size
,

quick
, inexpensive set
-
up,

and continuous

improvement. Optimised production technology.






(5)





PROJECT PLANNING
:

Evolution
of network

pla
nning techniques
,

critical path

method (CPM)
,

project evaluation

and review
technique (PERT). Network stochastic consideration. Project monitoring. Line of balance.







(5)


SCHEDULING WITH RESO
URCE CONSTRAINTS
:

Allocation of
units for a single resource
,

allocation of multiple resources
,

resource balancing
. Line balancing
,

Helgeson Brine approach
,

region

approach. Stochastic mixed
,

product line

balancing.
Flexible manufacturing system
,

concepts
,

advantages and
limitation,

c
omputer integration and
AI

in manufacturing and operations.
Electronic data

interchange.









(4
)


Total

42


REFERENCES:

1.
Bedworth D D, “Integrated Production Control systems Management, Anal
ysis, Design”, John Wiley and Sons, New York,


1982.

2.
Dilworth B James, “Operations
Management,

Design, Planning and Control
for Manufacturing

and Services”, McGraw Hill,



Inc,
New Delhi
, 1992.

3. Jay Heizer and Barry Render, “Operat
ions Management”, Eighth Edition, Pearson Education.

4
.
Vollman T E, “Manufacturing Planning and Control Systems”, Galgotia Publication (P
) Ltd
., New Delhi, 1998.



09M
C
41 INDUSTRIAL VISIT AND TECHNICAL SEMINAR

1 0 2 2


The student
will make atleast t
wo technical presentations on current topics related to the specialization. The same will be assessed
by a committee appointed by the department. The students are expected to submit a report at the end of the semester coverin
g the
various aspects of his
/her presentation together with the observation in industry visits. A quiz covering the above will be held at the
end of the semester.


09MC52 CAD/CAM LAB
ORATORY


1

0

3

3

1.

Sketching and Part modeling

2.

Assembly

3.

Generation of 2D Views

4.

Creatin
g programs to manufacture parts using Ma
s
ter CAM/Edge CAM

5.

Manual
part
programming and Component manufacture in machining centre



68

6.

Manual

part
programming and Component manufacture in CNC lathe

7.

Creating part programme and simulation using HEIDENHAIN CNC simu
lator

8.

Robot path planning using LEGO mind storm kit

9.

Monitoring and control of process automation using a SCADA system

10.

Remote monitoring of CNC machines through

e
thernet

11.

PLC
p
rogramming
-
c
ontrol of variable speed drive through PLC

12.

Monitoring and control of p
rocess industries using PACS

13.

Operating tools/
s
tudy of fixtures, CNC
t
ooling, presetting


SEMESTER 3


09MD19 PRODUCTION TOOL DESIGN




3 0 0 3


INTRODUCTION:

Tool engineering and role of tool engineer in design and manufacturing of products.





(1)



DESIGN OF CUTTING TOOLS:

Cutting tool materials, properties, classification, selection, tool wear, tool life. Single point tools:
nomenclature , types and styles, design and manufacture of tools in HSS and carbides, tools

for turning, boring, shaping, planning
and slotting operations, form tools, tools and holders for CNC applications. Multipoint cutters, nomenclature, classificatio
n and
selection, construction methods, design and manufacture of drills, reamers, taps, die
s, thread chassers, milling cutters, broachers,
hobs and gear shaping cutters.








(10)




DRILL JIGS:

Design of drill jigs and fixtures for conventional, SPM and CNC machining centers, jig bushes, quick change tool
holders, calculation of drilling forces, dowel and diamond pin locations, different type of jigs, true position theo
ry and material
conditions, process capabilities in drilling, modular concepts, chip disposal.

(5)


FIXTURES:

Estimation of

milling forces, deformation of the component under clamping forces using CAE, clamping methods
-
pneumatic and hydraulic systems,


variable clamping force vices,

hydraulic work supports, swing clamps, poke
-
yoke, chip disposal,



tool setting gauges, modul
ar fixturing. Turning fixtures, fixtures for surface, cylindrical and internal grinding machines, vacuum
chucks, chucks for grinding bearing races, fixtures for silicon wafer processing. Fixtures for inspection, assembly, weldin
g and heat
treatment. Ga
uge design principles.









(5)


DESIGN OF
PRESS TOOLS
:
Study of CNC shearing, press brake, mechanical and hydraulic power presses, accessories for power
presses
-
coiler and de
-
coiler, straightening, feed units, fundamentals of blanking and piercing, tool clearances, estimation of tonnage,
centre of

pressure, standard die sets, design of simple and compound tools, design of progressive tools with manual and auto feed,
die materials, Single minute exchange of dies(SMED), deep drawing and forming tools, analysis of forming using CAE, use of CN
C
wire cu
tting and spark erosion in manufacturing of tools.

(8)








DESIGN OF PLASTIC MOLDING DIES:

P
lastic materials, shrinkage, t
wo and three plate mold design, standard mold plates, parting
line, core and cavity generation in CAD, runner and gate design, mold cooling, ejection methods, tool materials, runner less
molds,
microstructure injection moldin
g for MEMs, multi color injection molding, mold flow analysis using CAE, introduction to thermo setting
dies, texturing.






(8)


DESIGN OF MISCELLANEOUS DIES:

Blow molding and extrusion dies for plastic, forging dies, pressure die casting dies, powder
metallurgy dies, rubber molding dies.








(5)



Practical
:

D
esign of tools using CAD.








Total 42


REFERENCES:

1. Joshi P
H, “Jigs and Fixtures”, Tata Mc
Graw Hill, 1988.

2. Kempster M

H A, “An Introduction to Jig and Tool Design”, Viva Books Pvt.

Ltd, 1998.

3. Ostergaurd D E, “Basic Die Making”, McGraw Hill, 1963.

4. Pye R C W, “Injection Mold Design”, East West Press, 2000.

5. Grant H E, "Non Stan
dard Clamping Devices", Ta
ta Mc
Graw Hill, 2001.

6. Paquin, “Press Tool Design Fundamentals”, Indian Institute of Science, 1986.

7. SME, “Tool and Manufacturing Engineers Hand book”, Vol
.
II Forming, Fourth Edi
ti
on, 1988
.


0
9
M
C26

COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS


INTRODUCTION:

Basic concepts of fluid flow
-
derivation of the governing equations, conservation of mass, momentum and energy.
Mathematical classification of flow
-

hyperbolic, parabolic, elliptic and mixed flow types.








(7)


DISCRETISATION:

Finite difference method
-

forward, backward and central difference schemes, explicit and implicit methods.
Properties of numerical solution methods
-

stability analysis, error estimation, difference bet
ween the FDM and FVM methods. (9)














INTRODUCTION TO GRID GENERATION:

Choice of grid, grid oriented velocity components, cartesian velocity components,
staggered and collocated arrangements, adaptive grids.








(6)














CFD TECHNIQUES:

Lax
-

Wendroff technique
-

MacCormack’s technique, relaxation technique. Artificial viscosity, ADI technique,
Pressure correction technique, simple algorithm.

Upwind schemes
-

flux vector splitting.





(9)


TURBULENCE MODELING:

Turbu
lence energy equation
-

one
-
equation model, the k
-
ω model, the k
-

ε model.


(6)




69

CASE STUDIES:

Practical problem solving using CFD packages.






(5)















Total 42

REFERENCES:

1.

John D Anderson, “Computational Fluid Dynamics


The Basics with Applications”, McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1995.

2.

Muralidhar K

and Sundararajan T, “Computational Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer”, Narosa Publicati
ons, 2003.

3.

Chung T J, “Computational Fluid Dynamics”, Cambridge University Press, London, 2002.

4.

David C Wilcox, “Turbulence Modeling for CFD”, DCW Industries, Inc., 1993.

5.

Versteeg H K and Malalasekara W, “An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dy
namics
-

The Finite Volume Method”, Longman,
1995.


0
9
MC
14

INDUSTRIAL ROBOTICS


3
0

0
3


FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

OF ROBOTICS:

History, present status and future trends, robotics and automation, laws of robotics,
robot definition, robotics systems and robot

anatomy, specification of robots. resolution, repeatability and accuracy of a manipulator.








(5)


ROBOT DRIVES:

Power tr
ansmission systems and control r
obo
t drive mechanisms, hydraulic
-
electric
-
pneumatic drives,
m
echanical transmiss
ion method
-

r
otary
-
to
-
r
otary motion conversion,
r
otary
-
to
-
linear motion conversion
,

e
nd effectors
-

types


gripping p
roblem
-

remote
-
centered compliance devices
-

control of a
ctuators in robotic mechanisms.





(
5
)



SENSORS AND INTELLIG
ENT ROBOTS
:

Sensory devices
-

non
-
optical
-
position sensors
-

optical position sensors
-

velocity
sensors
-

proximity sensors:
-

contact and non
-
contact type
-

touch and

slip sensors
-

force and torque sensors
-

AI

and robotics.
















(6)


COMPUTER VISION FOR
ROBOTICS SYSTEMS
:

Robot vision systems
-

imaging components
-

image representation
-

hardware
aspects
-

pic
ture coding
-

object recognition and categorization
-

visual inspection
-

software considerations
-

applications
-

commercial
-

robotic vision systems.












(
5
)


COMPUTER CONSIDERATI
ONS FOR ROBOTIC SYST
EMS:

Computer architecture for robots,
hardware, computational elements
in robotic applications
-

robot programming
-

sample programs
-

path planning
-

robot's computer system.




(6)


TRANSFORMATIONS AND
KINEMATICS:

Homogeneous co
-
ordinates
-

co
-
ordinate reference f
rames
-

homogeneous
transformations for the manipulator
-

the forward and inverse problem of manipulator kinematics
-

motion generation
-

manipulator
dynamics
-

J
acobian in terms of
D.H
.

matrices controller architecture.







(
5
)


ROBOT CELL DESIGN AN
D CONTROL:

Specifications of commercial robots
-

robot design and process specifications
-

motor
selection in the design of a robotic joint
-

robot cell layouts
-

economic and social aspects of robotics.








(
5)


APPLICATIONS OF ROBO
TS:

Capabilities of robots
-

robotics applications
-

ob
stacle avoidance
-

robotics in I
ndia
-

the future of
robotics.
















(5)





Total
4
2


REFERENCES:

1.

Richard
D Klafter, Thomas A Chmielewski and
Michael Negin "Robotic Engineering
-

An Integrated

A
pproach"
-

Eastern
Economy Edition
-

Prentice Hall Pvt. Ltd.,
2005
.

2.

Fu KS, Gom
aler R C and Lee C S
G., "Robotics: Control Sensing, Vision,
I
ntelligence", McGraw Hill Book Co., 1987.

3.
Shuman Y

No, "Handbook of Industrial Robotics", John Wiley
and
Sons, New York, 1985.

4. Deb K.S "Robotics Technology and Flexible Automat
ion", Tata McGraw Hill Book Co.,2004.


0
9MM12

RAPID PROTOTYPING,

TOOLING AND MANUFACTURE



3 0 0 3


INTRODUCTION:

Need for the compression in product development,
h
istory of RP systems,
s
urvey of applications,
g
rowth of RP
industry, classificatio
n of RP systems.







(4)


STEREOLITHOGRAPHY SYSTEMS:
Principle, process parameters, process details, data preparation, data files and machine
details, applications.











(4)


SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING:

Types of machines, p
rinciple of operation,

p
rocess
parameters, d
ata preparation for SLS,
a
pplications.










(3)


FUSION DEPOSITION MODELING:

Principle, process parameters, path generatio
n, applications.




(3)


SOLID GROUND CURING:
Principle of operation, machine details, applications.







(3)


LAMINATED OBJECT MANUFACTURING:

Principle of operation, LOM materials, process details, applic
ations.













(3)


CONCEPT MODELERS:

Principle,
t
hermo jet printer, Sander's model market, 3
-
D printer, Genisys Xs printer, JP system 5, Object
Quadra System.










(4)


LASER ENGINEERED NET SHAPING (LENS
)




70

RAPID TOOLING:

Indirect Rapid Tooling
-

Silicone rubber tooling,
a
luminium filled epoxy tooling,
s
pray metal tooling,
c
ast
kirksite,
3D k
eltool, etc. Direct rapid tooling
-

d
irect AIM,
q
uick cast process,
c
opper polyamide,
r
apid
t
ool, DMILS, ProMetal,
s
and casting
tooling,
l
aminate tooling, soft tooling vs hard tooling.




(6)










SOFTWARE FOR RP:

STL files, overview of solid view, magics, mimics, magics communicator, etc.
I
nternet based softwares,
collaboration tools.












(3)


RAPID MANUFACTURING PROCESS OPTIMIZATION:

Factors infl
uencing accuracy,
d
ata preparation errors,
p
art building errors,
e
rrors in finishing, Influence of part build orientation.









(6)


ALLIED PROCESSES:

Vacuum c
asting,
s
urface digitizing, surface generation from point cl
oud, surface modification, data transfer
to solid models.










(4)


Total

4
2


REFERENCE
S
:

1.

Paul


F


Jacobs, “Stereolithography and other RP

and

M Technologies”, SME, NY, 1996.

2.

Ph
am

D

T


and

Dimov


S S, “Rapid Manufacturing”, Verlag, London, 2001.

3.

Terry Wohlers, “Wohlers Report 2000”, Wohlers Associates, 2000


09MC
55
/09MN
55
/09ML
55

OBJECT
COMPUTING AND DATA S
TRUCTURES LABORATORY





2

0

3

4


PRINCIPLES OF
OOP:

Progra
mming p
aradigms, basic concepts and benefits of OOP, applications of OOP.





(2)



INTRODUCTION TO C++
: History of C++, structure of C++, basic data types, derived data types, symbolic constants, dynamic
initialization, type m
odifiers, type casting, operator and control statements, input and output statements in C++.

(3)


CLASSES AND OBJECTS
: Class specification, member function specification, scope resolution operator, access qualifiers,
instance
creation, member functions, function prototyping, function components, passing parameters, call by reference return by
reference, inline functions, default arguments, overloaded function.



(3)


Array of objects, pointers to objects, this pointer, dynamic

allocation operators, dynamic objects. Constructors, parameterized
constructors, overloaded constructors, constructors with default arguments, copy constructors, static data members and stati
c
objects as arguments, returning objects, friend function and

friend class, local classes and nested class, empty static and CONST
classes.


(7)


OPERATOR OVERLOADING:

Operator function, overloading unary and binary operator, overloading the operator using the friend
function, stream operator overloading.




(3)


INHERITANCE:

Defining derived classes, single inheritance, protected data with private inheritance, multiple inheritance, multi level
inheritance,
hierarchical

inheritance, hybrid in
heritance, multipath inheritance, constructors in derived and
base class
, abstract
classes, virtual function and dynamic polymorphism, virtual destructor.


(6)


EXCEPTION HANDLING
: Principle of exception handling,

exception handling mechanism, multiple catch, nested

try, rethrowing the
exception.


(
3)


TEMPLATES:

Template functions and template classes.


(2)


JAVA
INTRODUCTION
:

Java and internet, byte code, feature
of Java
, review of Java, methods and classes, pa
ckages and
interfaces.


(2)


MULTI
THREADING:

Multithread Model, setting priority to thread, synchronization of threads.





(3)



APPLETS:

Applet class, AWT class, methods, controls, introduction to swing.


(4)


ISO STREAMS:

Character stream, byte streams, object serialization


(4)


Total

42


REFERENCES:

1. Bjarne
Stroustrup,

“The C++ Programming Language”, Addison Wesley, 200
4.

2.
Stanley B

Lippman and Josee Lajoie, “The C++ Printer”, Addison Wesley Longman, 2005.

3. Patrick Naughton and Herbert Schildt “Java 2: Complete Reference”, Tata MCGraw Hill, 2003.

4. Joseph Weber L, “Using Java 2 Platform”, Prentice Hall
Inc., 2005.