Drilling Into Canada's Arctic Offshore Law - Canadian Association of ...

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Nov 8, 2013 (4 years ago)

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Drilling Into Canada’s
Arctic Offshore Law

Will Amos

uOttawa
-
Ecojustice

Environmental Law Clinic

wamos@ecojustice.ca

International Context


US (Alaska)


Greenland


Russia


Norway


Arctic Conditions


Risks of Drilling


Higher probability of blowout



Same
-
well techniques to stop
blowout less effective
-

BOPs,
capping stacks, containment
systems


Winter ice and spill response


Ecological impacts


slow oil
degradation



Global Media frenzy



US Commission



Canada’s reaction:



NEB Arctic
Offshore Drilling
Review initiated



NEB SSRW
hearing cancelled

BP’s Blowout Impact: Risk Re
-
Evaluation

National Energy Board

Arctic Offshore Drilling Review


CDN political response to blowout


NEB
Review (no public inquiry, no hearing)


4 Phases: Scoping, Fact
-
Finding (CFI),
Meetings/Roundtable, Report


Output: Report (
Review of Offshore Drilling in
the Canadian Arctic
) and “Filing
Requirements”


December 2011


Budget Bills 2012


no new measures



Arctic Offshore Drilling Review
Process : Inuvik Roundtable


12
-
16
September

2011


Northern
-
focused

consultation

125 people


5
Board

members


Two

Parts:


Part I:
Understanding

Participants’
Interests


Part II:
How to Do
Things

Right

(5 technical themes)


Report


NEB’s Key Findings


Root cause of most offshore accidents is the
lack of a broadly shared safety culture


NEB has the necessary tools to protect the
safety of workers, the public and the unique
Arctic environment


Northern residents want to be heard in future
offshore drilling decisions (jobs, emergency
training, everything)

SSRW “Equivalency”?


Canada Oil and Gas Drilling and Production
Regulations


requires Contingency Plan


must demonstrate SSRW capability


be able to kill an out
-
of
-
control well in the
same season in order to minimize harmful
impacts on the environment


Escape clause if intended policy outcome of
SSRW met or exceeded?

What next?



Imperial Oil and BP Joint proposal


Wither federal environmental assessment (nothing required
at licensing and exploration stages)


New federal offshore oil spill liability legislation?


Anticipated increase in absolute liability limits for spills


Devolution dynamic


Protect particularly sensitive areas in Beaufort Sea?

Greenpeace: “Let’s Go” Campaign