Development Trends in Energy Technology

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Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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Development Trends in

Energy Technology

C.C.Ngan, CLP Research Institute

15 October 2011

2

Agenda


World energy scenarios


Electricity production


Development trends


Challenges ahead



3

World energy scenarios

> 80%
from fossil
fuels

70 to 80%
from
fossil
fuels

Source: IEA

4

Contemporary issues on energy usage


Green house gas emissions and pollutions


Supply security


Reserve depletion


Price volatility


Continuous growth in demand


Mismatch between resources and demands


End user expectations


Investment risks




5

“Clean” energy investment

6

“Clean” energy investment

7

“Clean” energy investment

8

“Clean” energy investment

9

World energy consumption

12267/6115 = 2.0

1446/439 = 3.3

10

World electricity mix

11

Electricity production

12

Trend


energy efficiency in power plant

13

Trend


energy efficiency in our home

14

Trend
-

renewable energy

15

Evolution of modern wind turbine

16

World wind turbine installed capacity

0
50
100
150
200
250
GW
2001
2003
2005
2007
2009
2011
% breakdown
China
23%
Spain
11%
ROW
25%
India
7%
Germany
14%
USA
20%
Expected to reach 600 GW and 1500 GW by 2015 and 2020 respectively

17

Commercial photovoltaic (PV)

Mono c
-
Si

Poly c
-
Si

Amorphous silicon (a
-
Si)

Cadmium Telluride (CdTe)

Copper Indium
Gallium Diselenide

(CIGS)

crystalline silicon (c
-
Si)

Thin
-
film (TF)

18

World PV installed capacity

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
GW
2000
2002
2004
2006
2008
2010
% breakdown
Italy
9%
Czech Rep
5%
ROW
18%
USA
6%
Japan
9%
Spain
10%
Germany
43%
19

Trend


other renewable energy ?

20

Levelized electricity cost and emission level

21

Trend


smart grid

Intelligent Applications

+

IT Networks & Sensors

+


Power System


=
Smart Grid

22

Trend


end use technologies

Smart

Grids

HVDC

Electric

Storage

Fuel

Cells

Micro
-

CHP

EVs

Smart

Buildings

Smart

Appliances

Smart

Grids

Fuel

Cells

EVs

Electric

Storage

23

Generalized trends


Higher efficiency along the energy process


Cleaner energy production and delivery


Better equipped supplier and end user to
enable smart energy usage


Fuel switching


24

Challenges ahead


From idea to commercial deployment


Scaling up feasibility


Robustness and longevity


New issues (e.g. integration into current energy infrastructure)


The market
-

regulatory support, vendor/developer
participation, end user adoption and community acceptance


Cost reduction and new business models


Sense of urgency and responsibility




25