The 2013 South African Bioeconomy Strategy

lessfrustratedBiotechnology

Oct 23, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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The 2013
South African
Bioeconomy

Strategy

Jennifer A Thomson

Dept Molecular and Cell Biology

University of Cape Town

South Africa

National Biotechnology
Strategy 2001


Biotechnology Innovation
Centres

(BICs)


National Biotechnology Advisory Committee


Govt

articulate single policy position on

biotech


Took 10 people 2 weeks (with many

interviews)


Approved (with payment via President) BUT

single policy never occurred







Biotechnology (Regional)
Innovation
Centres


LIFElab

(KZN)


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BioPAD

(JHB)


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diagnostics, health


Cape Biotech


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PlantBio



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Biotechnology Advisory
Committee


GMO Act


time frames (still on table)


Consumer Protection Act
-

labelling


Biotech company failures


revisiting


Many problems due to >> DST (Agric.,

Environ., T and I)


no buy in


Technology Innovation Agency (TIA)



warned of impending disaster



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楮癥vt楧慴楯n



Bioeconomy

Strategy 2013


Committee(s)


㔠祥慲s


Bioeconomy

> Biotechnology


Activities using bio
-
innovations



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“DST as lead agent to work with other

depts. Will drive consultative

process”

Innovation Pipeline (non
-
linear)


Concept/idea


National Research

Foundation (NRF)


Research


NRF


Development
-

?? GAP! Many small

companies fold here


Productisation



TIA


Manufacturing


TIA


Commercialisation



TIA

Highlights of the Strategy


Venture Capital fund


public/private

facilitated by DST


use
govt

funds

to attract private capital


Alignment of regulations and

legislation


Communication and marketing


Agriculture, health and industry

/environment sectors


Agriculture


“Responsible genetic engineering

remains a critical technology.. and

presents a significant competitive

opportunity..”


Of three sectors this has “highest

economic impact.”


“Expanded R&D essential..”


Animal vaccines highlighted


Development of ‘energy crops’

Health


Vaccines esp. TB and HIV


all imported


Diagnostics esp. TB and HIV


Medical devices


80
-
90% imported


Biodiscovery



Indigenous knowledge


Industry and Environment


Enzyme manufacturing (all imported)


Biofuels


Wastewater treatment


Bioprospecting

(
biodiscovery
)


SA 3
rd


most biologically diverse country


Legislation needing change


Consumer Protection Act


labelling




“may contain genetically modified

ingredients”


GMO Act


time frames not complied with

(
eg
. appeals 180 d max


> 2 yrs)


Biodiversity Act


who are the ‘knowledge

holders’?


TIA Act


equity holder, M&E,

implementation (skills, relationships..)


Labour

Act


millstones
eg
. employment

and firing, company registrations…

Implementation


Driven by DST


July high
-
level meeting with private

sector, other
govt

depts
, research

institutions…


Legislation problems


m敥t楮gs⁷楴h

DGs various depts.


NBAC + Minister 16 August


Report back ICABR 2014 (Nairobi??)