Renewable Energy Certificate Mechanism in

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Dec 13, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Renewable Energy Certificate Mechanism in
India

By

Minaxi Garg

DGM(NLDC)

May 04, 2011

Outline of the Presentation


Overview of RE in India


Legal & Regulatory Framework


Salient Features of REC Mechanism


REC Procedures


REC Market Status


Way Forward

Potential of Renewable Energy in India (MW)

Source

Potential

Installed

Capacity

Wind

45000

14157

Biomass

17000

997

Small Hydro (<

25 MW)

15000

3042

Co
-
generation
-

Bagasse

5000

1667

Waste

2700

72

Solar

> 100,000

38

Source : MNRE

12/13/2013

Installed Renewable Generation Capacity

5%

70%

16%

8%

<1%

Biomass Power
(Agro residues)
Wind Power
Small Hydro Power
(up to 25 MW)
Cogeneration-
bagasse
Solar Power
Total Renewable Installed Capacity ~11% of All India Installed Capacity

Contributes about 4% of total Electricity Generation

The Impediments


Very

high

capital

cost



leading

to

expensive

generated

electricity
.


Renewable

resources

though

richly

endowed,

are

unevenly

distributed

across

the

country
.


NLDC

5

SOLAR ENERGY MAP OF INDIA

WIND ENERGY MAP OF INDIA

Unevenly Distributed Renewable Resources

Electricity Act, 2003 : Enabling Provisions


National

Electricity

Policy

to

aim

for

optimal

utilisation

of

resources

including

renewable

resources
.



Tariff

regulations

of

Commissions

to

be

guided

by

promotion

of

generation

of

electricity

from

RE

sources
.


SERCs

to

specify

Renewable

Purchase

Obligations

(RPOs)
.


Regulatory

Commissions

required

to

promote

the

development

of

power

markets
.

NLDC

7

Renewable Purchase Obligations : Potential
Problems


SERCs

of

those

states,

in

which

RE

potential

is

not

significant

are

constrained

from

specifying

higher

RPOs
.

o
DERC

has

fixed

RPO

of

1
%
.

o
MPERC

has

fixed

RPO

of

10
%
,

actual

achievement

<

1
%

.


SERCs

of

those

states,

in

which

the

RE

potential

is

very

high

(Rajasthan,

Tamil

Nadu

etc
.
)

specified

higher

RPOs
.

Though

significant

headroom

is

available

in

these

states

for

enhancing

the

RPOs,

expensive

renewal

electricity

becomes

a

constraint
.


NLDC

8

CERC REC Regulation dated 14/01/10



The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission

(Terms and Conditions for recognition and issuance of
Renewable Energy Certificate For Renewable Energy
Generation)

Regulations, 2010

BIO MASS

HYDRO

SOLAR


RENEWABLE
ENERGY

BIO MASS

GEO THERMAL

SMALL HYDRO

WIND

SOLAR

BIO MASS


GREEN

ATTRIBUTE



ELECTRICITY

RENEWABLE
ENERGY
CERTIFICATE

SOLAR
CERTIFICATE

NON
-
SOLAR
CERTIFICATE

CERC REC Regulation, 2010


Conceptual Framework





NLDC

11


Electricity

Component




*
Self consumption by CPPs based upon renewable generation are eligible for RECs

RE Generation*

Sale at

Preferential

Tariff

REC Component

Obligated Entities /


Voluntary Buyers

Distribution Company

/ Third Party Sale/

Power Exchange


Obligated Entities


RE Generator

Trading

1 MWh

Grid
Connectivity

Central Agency

State
Agency

REC

Salient Features of REC Mechanism

Entities involved to Operationalise REC Mechanism

Central


Forum of Regulators


Central Electricity Regulatory Commission


Central Agency (National Load
Despatch

Centre)


Power Exchanges


Compliance Auditors

State


State Electricity Regulatory Commission


State Load
Despatch

Centre


State Agencies


Eligible Entities


Obligated Entities

Regulatory Framework in HP


HPERC

(Renewable

Power

Purchase

Obligation

and

its

Compliance)

Regulations,

2010

dated

26

May,

2010
.


Applicable to


the

distribution

licensee
;


any

other

person

consuming

electricity
-



(i)

generated

from

conventional

Captive

Generating

Plant

having

capacity

of

1

MW

and

above

for

his

own

use
;

and/or



(ii)

procured

from

conventional

generation

through

open

access

third

party

sale
.




Regulatory Framework in HP

Year

Minimum Quantum of purchase (in %) from renewable
sources (in terms of energy in kWh) of total
consumption


(1)

Total

(2)

Non
-
Solar

(3)

Solar

(4)

2010
-
11

10.0%

10 %

0%

2011
-
12

11.1%

11%

0.1%

2012
-
13

12.1%

12%

0.1%


Defined minimum percentages

Regulatory Framework in HP


REC



Valid

instrument

for

RPO

Compliance


State

Agency

to

submit

quarterly

status

to

the

Commission


compliance

of

renewable

power

purchase

obligation

by

the

obligated

entities


Every

Captive

and

Open

access

consumer(s)

to

submit

RPO

Compliance



on

yearly

basis

on

or

before

the

30
th

April

to

the

State

Agency


Regulatory Framework in HP


Consequences of Default
:


Commission

may

determine

on

the

basis

of

the

shortfall

in

units

of

RPO

and

the

forbearance

price

decided

by

the

Central

Commission


Separate

fund


Utilized

for

purchase

of

RECs


partly

for

development

of

transmission/

sub

transmission

infrastructure

for

evacuation

of

power

from

generating

stations

based

on

renewable

energy

sources


In

case

of

non

availability

of

RECs



Carry

Forward




REC
-

Detailed Procedures




Procedure for ACCREDITATION
(
Through State nodal
Agency)

Procedure for REGISTRATION
(Through Central Agency
NLDC)

Procedure for ISSUANCE
(Through Central Agency

NLDC )

Procedure for TRADING & REDEMPTION at Power
exchanges

REC Fees & Charges

Non Solar REC


( /
MWh
)

Solar REC

( /
MWh
)

Forbearance
Price


3,900

17,000

Floor
Price

1,500

12,000

S.N.

Fee and Charges towards Accreditation

Amount
in


1

Application Processing Fees (One Time)

5,000

2

Accreditation

Charges



(One

Time)

30,000

3

Annual

Charges

10,000

4

Revalidation

Charge

at

the

end

of

five

(
5
)

years

15,000

Accreditation Charges


REC Fees & Charges

S.N.

Fee and Charges towards Registration

Amount in


1

Application Processing Fees (One Time)

1,000

2

Registration
Charges
(One Time)

5,000

3

Annual Charges

1,000

4

Revalidation Charge at the end of five (5) years

5,000

Registration Charges


S.N.

Fee and Charges towards Issuance of REC

Amount in


1

Fees

per

Certificate

10

Issuance Charges


Eligible Entity

State Agency

SLDC

Verification Prior
to Accreditation

Application for
Accreditation

Confirmation of
Accreditation

Intimation of
Accreditation

Intimation of
Accreditation

3a

3c

3b

1

2

Step Wise Schematic Description of Procedure for
Accreditation

Central Agency

Application for availing Accreditation by Generating Co. to the Host SA


Application shall contain details of Owner/Operator, Generating Station , Metering,

Connectivity , Statutory, General , fees & charges, Declaration


Separate Application for each RE Generation Project

Eligible Entity

State Agency

SLDC

Power Exchange(s)

Central Agency

Verification
Prior to
Registration

2

Confirmation of
Registration

3a

Intimation of
Registration

3b

Intimation of
Registration

3c

Intimation of
Registration

3d

Schematic Description of Procedure for
Registration

Application for
Registration

1

Information to be furnished by the applicant

Owner Details, RE Generating Station details, Certificate of Accreditation

Commissioning Schedule, Details of Fee & Charges, Declaration


Schematic Description of Procedure for
Issuance

State Agency

SLDC

Distribution

Licensee

Eligible Entity

Central

Agency

Joint Meter

Reading

Application for

Issuance

Verification

Pre
-
Condition

Intimation of Meter

Reading

Regular Injection

Report

Intimation of

Issuance

Issuance of

REC

1

2

3

4a

4b

4c

5a

5b

Schematic Description of Procedure for Redemption

Obligated

Entity / Buyer

Eligible

Entity

Power

Exchange(s)

Offer for Sale

13:00 to 15:00 hrs

1a

Bid for Purchase

13:00 to 15:00


1b

Central

Agency

Verification

Conditions

(By 15:30)

2

Confirmation

Of REC validity &

quantity

(by 16:00)

Central

Agency

Intimation of Trade results

For Extinguishing REC

(By 17:00)

3

Market Clearance

(Volume & Price)

Reports

4

Home Page:
www.recregistryindia.in



REC Regulations by States & Declaration of State Agencies

Status till Date


Accreditated RE Generators
-------

60



Registered RE Generators
------------

28



RECs Issued
-------------------------------

5035



RECs Redeemed
-------------------------

424 + 260


Accreditation Details

Non Solar/
गैर

सौरऊर्जा

Capacity/
क्षमतज

(
MW)

संख्यज

Wind

159.05

36

Small Hydro

38

9

Bio Mass

99.5

8

Bio Fuel Cogeneration

77

7

Urban & Municipal Waste

0

0

Geothermal

0

0

Total/




373.55

60

Solar/
सौरऊर्जा

Capacity/
क्षमतज

(
MW)



Solar Thermal

0

0

Solar PV

0

0

Total/




0

0

Accredited RE Generators : 373.55 MW

State wise : As on 02.05.2011

3%

12%

8%

4%

1%

6%

66%

J & K
Gujarat
Chhattisgarh
Rajasthan
Haryana
Tamil Nadu
Maharashtra
Accredited RE Generators : 373.55 MW

Source wise : As on 02.05.2011

44%

27%

21%

8%

Wind
Biomass
Bagasse
SHP

Registration Details




Non Solar/
गैर

सौरऊर्जा

Capacity/
क्षमतज

(
MW)

संख्यज

Wind

85.25

13

Small Hydro

28

7

Bio Mass

70

6

Bio Fuel Cogeneration

23

2

Urban & Municipal Waste

0

0

Geothermal

0

0

Total/




206.25

28

Solar/
सौरऊर्जा

Capacity/
क्षमतज

(
MW)



Solar Thermal

0

0

Solar PV

0

0

Total/




0

0

Registered RE Generators : 206.25 MW


State wise : As on 02.05.2011

3.57%

10.71%

3.57%

75.00%

3.57%

3.57%

Gujarat
Chhattisgarh
Haryana
Maharashtra
Tamil Nadu
J & K
Registered RE Generators : 206.25 MW


Source wise : As on 02.05.2011

41.33%

13.58%

33.94%

11.15%

Wind
Small Hydro
Biomass
Bio Fuel
Cogeneration
Month
-
wise REC Report

Month/

Year

Opening

Balance

REC

Issued

REC


Redeemed

Closing

Balance

March,
2011

0

532

424

108

April, 2011

108

4503

260

4351

REC Trading

Trade
Date

Buy Bid
(No. of
certificates)

Sell Bid (No.
of
certificates)

MCP (Rs. /
Certificate)

MCV (No.
of
certificates)

IEX


PXI

31st
March

2011

70701

424

3900

2225

424

27
th

April
2011

260


4611

1500

--

260




CDM & REC MECHANISM

Weblinks



www.recregistryindia.in


www.nldcindia.in


www.cercind.gov.in


www.forumofregulators.gov.in


www.mnre.gov.in




Thank You

NLDC

38