MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS AGENCY

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Nov 24, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)

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MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS
AGENCY


PREVIOUSLY KNOWN AS :


NATIONAL ACCREDITATION BOARD



Nur

Rashidah

Abdul
Rahman

Quality Assurance Coordination Division

25
Februari

2009

TOPICS

1.
STUDENT ENROLMENTS AND RESEARCH IN
HIGHER EDUCATION

2.
HEP
-

ORGANIZED AND REGULATED

3.
MQA ACT: FEATURES AND VALUES

4.
CORE QUALITY ASSURANCE PROCESS (MQA)

5.
QUALITY ASSURANCE MODEL

QA STANDARDS &
MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK (MQF)

6.
ISSUES AND POLICY



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STUDENT ENROLMENTS IN HE

IFE 2020 Leadership Institute


Year

Category

2003

2005

2007

2010

2015

2020

Matriculation/A
-
Level
/Foundation

158,459

235,740

296,900

351,700

388,300

428,700

Public College

140,999

200,100

234,200

250,500

304,800

370,800

Public University

280,037

310,500

336,900

371,700

458,300

552,600

Private Provider

337,949

336,900

371,100

465,700

567,88

685,800

Oversea Student

62,301

56,800

50,000

50,000

50,000

50,000

TOTAL

979,745

1,140,040

1,289,100

1,485,600

1,759,200

2,087,900

Population

Age 17
-
23

3,277,338

3,399,200

3,510,200

3,628,300

3,840,900

4,147,000

Percentage

29%

33%

36%

40%

45%

50%

Source: Economic Planning Unit & Ministry of Higher Education

LEVEL OF STUDENT ENROLMENTS IN HE

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LEVEL

AMOUNT OF STUDENT

2005*

2010*

2020**

Public

Private

Total

Public

Private

Total

Public

Private

Total

Cert.

37,931

94,949

132,880

141,290

143,480

284,770

230,100

233,700

463,800

Diploma

98,953

131,428

230,381

285,690

188,680

474,370

488,000

322,300

810,300

First
Degree

212,326

110,591

322,917

293,650

134,550

428,200

434,700

199,200

633,900

Master

34,436

4,202

38,638

111,550

5,770

117,320

289,300

15,000

304,300

PhD

6,742

140

6,882

21,410

270

21,680

54,800

700

55,500

TOTAL

390,388

341,310

731,698

853,320

472,750

1,326,340

1,496,900

770,100

2,267,800

Source : * Forecast by 9
th

Malaysian Planning


** Forecast by Ministry of Higher Education

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES



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No
.

COE

Cluster

Public

University

Result

1.

UM Centre of Research Power

Electronics, Drives, Automation &
Control (UMPEDAC)


Engineering

Universiti

Malaya



Approved

2.

Photonics Research Centre

Engineering

Universiti

Malaya


Approved

3.

Nano

Centre

Engineering


Universiti

Malaya

Approved


4.

Institut

Perubatan

Molekul

(UMBI)

Life Science

Universiti

Kebangsaan

Malaysia
(UKM)

Approved


5.

Institut

Biosains

Life Science

Universiti

Putra Malaysia
(USM)

Approved


6.

Institut

Penyelidikan

Perubatan

Molekul

(INFORMM)

Life Science

Universiti

Sains

Malaysia
(USM)

Approved


7.

Centre for Drug Research

Life Science

Universiti

Sains

Malaysia
(USM)

Assessment
Process

8.

Institut

Penyelidikan

Perakaunan

(ARI)

Social

Science

Universiti

Teknologi

MARA
(
UiTM
)

Assessment
Process

Rating by the Ministry on COE of Public Universities

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR IN
HIGHER EDUCATION
( unti l June 2007)



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TYPES

OF INSTITUTION

AMOUNT

Public

University

20

Polytechnic

21

Community College

37

Private University/College University

36*

Private College

485

TOTAL

599

-
PUBLIC PROVIDER REGULATED BY UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGE UNIVERSITY ACT

-
PRIVATE
PROVIDER REGULATED BY PRIVATE HIGER EDUCATION
INSTITUTE ACT


*Including 4 External Universities’ Branch Campus which are :


1. University of Nottingham, Malaysia


2.
Monash

University Malaysia


3. Curtin University of Technology Sarawak


4. Swinburne University of Technology, Sarawak


** Source : Ministry of Higher Education

EVOLUTION OF QA SYSTEM IN
HIGHER EDUCATION

1996
-

2006

2007

NOV. 2007 ……


1996 : QA Internal Matter


of Institutions


1997 : Legal Reforms


LAN for Private


Providers


2002 : QAD for Public


Providers

2002 :
Draft MQF


2005

:
Cabinet Decisions
-


MQA & MQF


“not fully unified HE”


“segmented QA system”

2006 : Consultation &



Drafting
MQA Bill


MQA BILL


13 June : Cabinet


Approval


MQA Bill


2 &16Jul: Parliament


Approve MQA


Bill


Unified Higher
Education system


Public confidence


Strengthening
Malaysia


as a global player in
Higher Education




Transition to full
implementation of a unified
Quality assurance system and
Qualifications Framework


MQF to be uphold by QA


processes


MQA a major player in Higher
Education contributing towards
human capital and National
Competitiveness


A SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FOR
QUALITY


PHASE 1 >>>>> PHASE 2

MQA ACT
-

FEATURES AND
VALUES

Overarching

role,

guardian

of

Quality

and

Framework

&

protects

national

sovereignty
,

Reliable

information

centre
-
covers

all

higher

education

providers

National consensus, internationally
benchmarked with national & incorporates
best practices on QA

Objective, fair, transparent, professional,
developmental and accountable, quality
enhancement & efficient service delivery

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MQA’S ROLE

STANDARDS, CRITERIA AND
PROCESSES & BEST
PRACTICES

OPERATING VALUES

Integrated into MQF & Supports increasing
autonomy of institutions

programme

accreditation & institutional audit

Interlinked sectors, articulation bridges

educational pathway, internationally
benchmarked, credits reflect international
currency, promotes recognition, portability and
mobility

Committed and provided in the Act for
collaboration, cooperation with internal and
external stakeholders

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QUALITY ASSURANCE
MODEL

FRAMEWORK
-

CONNECTIVITY

STAKEHOLDERS
INCLUSIVITY

To establish

the Malaysian Qualifications Agency as the
national body to implement the Malaysian
Qualifications Framework, to accredit higher
educational programmes and qualifications, to
supervise and regulate the quality and
standard of higher education providers and to
establish and maintain the Malaysian
Qualifications Register and to provide for
related matters.

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MQA ACT 2007: PREAMBLE

“Accreditation” means a recognition granted by the
Agency after examining and assessing




(a) a higher education programme or

qualification; or


(b) a higher education provider under Chapter

4 or
7 of part VIII,


which is in accordance with the Framework





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MQA ACT 2007: ACCREDITATION


MQA CORE ACTIVITIES


QUALITY ASSURES HIGHER EDUCATION BY
ACCREDITATION
-
PROGRAMMES, QUALIFICATIONS ,
INSTITUTIONS
(institutional audit approach
-
programme
,
thematic, monitoring, faculty, institutional)


STANDARDS

SETTING

&

REVIEWS


IMPLEMENTS

FRAMEWORK



ESTABLISHES

CLEAR

ARTICULATION

POINTS


REGISTERS

QUALIFICATIONS

(National Reference Centre)


EQUIVALENCY

EVALUATION



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PROVISIONAL

ACCREDITATION


Approval/ commencement of
programme

PROGRAMME

ACCREDITATION

APPLY TO REGISTER IN THE

MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS

REGISTER

Programme

accreditation

will

cease

when


institutions

breach

standards

in

Institutional

audit

MQA ACT 2007: CORE QA PROCESS

INSTITUTIONAL AUDIT


Programme accreditation

Thematic,faculty
/discipline base or
institutional wide audit;

Meets Framework
requirements and QA
standards and Criteria,
institutional mission

(Various types of IA)


PROFESSIONAL

BODIES

FULL

ACCREDITATION


SKILLS
AUTHORITIES


ACCREDITATION VISIT
BY ASSESSORS TO
INSTITUTION

MONITORING/NO

REACCREDITATION

Total Continuous

Quality

Improvement

Leadership,
Governance and
Administration

Programme

Monitoring &

Review

Educational resources


Academic staff

Student Assessment
System


Student selection

& support


Programme design
& delivery

Vision, Mission,

& institutional goals,
learning outcomes

QA CODE OF PRACTICE:

9 ASPECTS
-

STANDARDS

Malaysian Qualifications Framework


An instrument that develops and classifies
qualifications based on a set of criteria


Agreed nationally and benchmarked with
international practices


Clarifies the academic levels, learning outcomes and
credit system based on student academic load.



Also provides education pathways


MQF unites and links all national qualifications


Parity of esteem of qualifications


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QUALIFICATION LEVELS & PATHWAYS

SCHOOL

CERT

HIGHER SCHOOL

CERT;

FOUNDATION

MATRICULATION

UNIVERSITY


DOCTORAL




MASTERS



BACHELORS
(120 Cr)




POSTGRAD CERT

& DIPLOMA



GRADUATE CERT

& DIPLOMA

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

A

P

E

L

MIN

HUMAN

RESOURCE







ADV

DIPLOMA



SKILLS

DIPLOMA



SKILLS

CERT


POLYTECH &

NON DEGREE

GRANTING

COLLEGES






ADV

DIPLOMA (40 Cr)



TECH & VOC (90 Cr)

DIPLOMA


TECH & VOC

CERTIFICATE (60 Cr)


LIFELONG

LEARNING

LIFELONG

LEARNING

LEVELS

CREDITS

TERMS APPLIED TO
FRAMEWORK


“higher education qualification”

means post
-
secondary
qualification including certificate, diploma, advanced
diploma or degree or their equivalent and includes any
other qualification stipulated in the framework;


“learning outcome”

means the standard to be achieved
from an educational programme or qualification as
determined by the Framework (level descriptors);


“credit”

means a representative measure to reflect
the academic load;


“academic load”

means the quantitative measure of
learning activities which includes lectures, tutorials,
seminars, practical work, field work, self study, and
examinations to achieve a set of learning outcomes



Supplemented

by

documents

on

MQF,

8

learning

domains,

Credit

System

and

Programme

disciplines

standards

and

Code

of

Practice

for

QA
.


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A shift from teacher
-
centered to learner
-
centered


Each learning activities are taken into consideration in
calculating student learning time and contact hours


(G
uided Learning & Independent Learning)

: e.g. lectures,
tutorial, practicals, lab work, research, updating notes,
discussions, projects, tests, course work presentations,
industry training, exams and so forth


1 credit


40 hours of notional student learning time



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MQF: CREDIT SYSTEM

MQF: Proposed minimum credit

MQF Levels

Qualification

Minimum Credit

8

Doctoral

No

given credit value

7

Research Masters

No given credit value

Fully or

Partly Taught Masters

40

Postgraduate

Diploma

30

Postgraduate Certificate

20

6

Bachelors

120

Graduate Diploma

60

Graduate Certificate

30

5

Advanced Diploma

40

4

Diploma

90

1
-
3

Certificate

60

Skills Certificate

According

to skills & levels


8 domains

KNOWLEDGE

SOCIAL SKILLS &


RESPONSIBILITY

PROFESSIONALISM,

VALUES,

ATTITUDES,

ETHICS

Communi

-
cation

& team

skills

Life

Long

Learning &

Information
Management

Managerial &
Entrepreneu

-
rial

Skills

Critical

Thinking &
Scientific
Approach

PSYCHOMOTOR/

PRACTICAL/

TECHNICAL

SKILLS

Learning

Outcomes

Credits

Competency level

How does it all link up?

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21


What students
will be able to
do?

Learning
Outcomes


The yardstick to
measure
student
learning.

Credit Hours


The frame
within which
students’
learning is
pegged.

MQF



The Agency
that holds all
together.

MQA



National reference for standards and
articulation point for all accredited
programmes, qualifications and institutions



Ensure authenticity, clear and up
-
to
-
date
information for internal and external clients


(National Reference Centre)



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MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS
REGISTER


ISSUES

1.
HE Undergo Major Transformations


These changes do
to some extent question the ability of higher education
providers in sustaining quality in the development of
academic programs

2.
Emphasising

Research and Development Activities

3.
Employability of Local Graduates

4.
Corporatisation

of Public Universities

5.
Improving quality of teachers, curriculum and
instruction in primary and secondary school system




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Policies / Initiatives

1.
MQF, Code of Practice (COPPA & COPIA), Program
Standard and Guidelines of Good Practice

2.
HEP have entered into agreements with corporations to
produce specific research product or provide access to
university facilities.

3.
The reinvention of study programs that provide
opportunities for skill training and development.

4.
Universities can set up companies, enter into business
venture, allowed to borrow money, acquire and hold
investment share etc

5.
Allowing teachers to study part time for degree
courses, teaching graduate teachers in PKPG program,
primary school to take half
-
pay leave to follow
undergraduate courses on a full
time basis.



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THANK YOU

IFE 2020 Leadership Institute