Significant Trends in RFID & Wireless Sensor Networks

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Nov 23, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Significant Trends in RFID &
Wireless Sensor Networks

Craig K. Harmon

Presentation posted at
http://www.autoid.org/presentations/presentations.htm


SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Craig K. Harmon • President & CEO

Q.E.D. Systems


Chair, ISO TC 122/WG 10
-

Supply Chain Applications of RFID


Chair, RFID Experts Group (REG)


Founder, JTC 1/SC 31


Chair, JTC 1/SC 31/WG 6
-

Mobile Item Identification and Management


Chair, ISO TC 122/WG 4 (Shipping Labels) & ISO TC 122/WG 7 (Product Packaging)


Vice
-
chair, ASC MH 10 and U.S. TAG to ISO TC 122 (Packaging)


Senior Project Editor ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 (RFID)


Chair, U.S. TAG to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 (RFID)


JTC 1/SC 31 & TC 104 Liaison Officer to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU
-
R & ITU
-
T)



Project Editor, ISO 18185
-
5 (Electronic Container Seal
-

Physical Layer)


Joint Automotive Industry Forum (JAIF) JAMA/JAPIA/AIAG/ODETTE)


Returnable Transport Items


AIAG Bar Code, Applications, 2D, Tire,
Returnables
, & RFID Committees


Member, EPCglobal HAG (UHFGen2), FMCG BAG, HLS BAG, SAG, TLS, TDS, AIWG, SBAC


ISO TC 104 & 122 (Freight Containers / Packaging) Liaison Officer to JTC 1/SC 31


Past Chair, ASC INCITS T6 (RFID)
-

ANS INCITS 256:1999, 2001


Advisor and Member of USPS Strategic Technology Council


Chairman & Project Editor, ANS MH10.8.2 (Data Application Identifiers)


Original Project Editor, NATO STANAG 2233 (RFID for NATO Asset Tracking)


Vocabulary
Rapporteur

to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31, ISO/IEC 19762
-

Harmonized vocabulary


CompTIA

RFID Subject Matter Expert and RFID Certified Professional (CRCP)
-

RFID+


Recipient of the 2004 Richard
Dilling

Award

This presentation posted at:
http://www.autoid.org/presentations/presentations.htm

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

MY LAST PRESENTATION

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

October 4, 2007

The Future of Mobile RFID


Universal translation


Interference sensing, frequency agnostic
radios?


Higher speed networks


Future power sources


SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Two Years and Two Days Later

A Brief Update (Mobile RFID)


Universal translation


Not yet being talked about . .
. maybe it is a communication’s problem!


There are fish in the
sea better than have
ever been caught

이제까지

붙잡
는다



나은

계속

바다안에

물고기

있는다

Будут

рыбы

в

море

более

лучшем

чем

всегда

улавливайте

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Two Years and Two Days Later

A Brief Update (Mobile RFID)


Interference sensing, frequency agnostic radios?


ITU
-
T WRC
-
2012 addressing software defined radio,
the precursor to intelligent software defined
radio/cognitive radio

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Two Years and Two Days Later

A Brief Update (Mobile RFID)


Higher speed networks


4G networks (supposed to
be >100
mbit/s

between any two points in the world)
evolving in the U.S. but at a small fraction of the
speed (12
mbit/s
) and then only isolated coverage


SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Two Years and Two Days Later

A Brief Update (Mobile RFID)


Future power sources


Energy harvesting from the
environment is beginning, but not yet commercially
viable


SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

TRENDS IN 2009/2010

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Trends in Wireless Sensor Networks


Sensors


ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 6


Adoption of IEEE standards


IEEE 1451


IEEE 802.15


Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)


Working cooperatively with SC 31/WG 6


JTC 1 Study Group on Sensor Networks (SGSN)


Will most likely become a Working Group under JTC 1


U.S. to offer secretariat and chair


Competitive developments expected within international
with M2M activities


ETSI TC M2M/Smart Embedded Device Communication Standards


TIA




SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Trends in RFID


Radio
-
frequency identification, including Real Time
Locating Systems (RTLS)


ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4


ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 5


EPCglobal


Ubiquitous RFID


Near
-
field Communications (NFC)


ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 6

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

The Hype

Cycle

Visibility

Time

Technology
Trigger

Peak of

Inflated Expectations

Trough of

Disillusionment

Slope of

Enlightenment

Plateau of

Productivity

Technology Hype Cycle Source:

Jackie
Fenn
, Gartner Group

Q.E.D.
Systems’ RFID
Today!





Gartner

2005

Gartner

2008

People have a tendency to overestimate technology in the short term
and underestimate it in the long term

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Wireless Communications

Standards and Regulations

Regulations


International regulations


ITU
-
R


Regional regulations


ETSI


National regulations


MIC, SRCC, METI, FCC

Standards
-

International


JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4


RFID


JTC 1/SC 31/WG 5


RTLS


JTC 1/SC 31/WG 6


MIIM/Sensors


JTC 1/SC 6


Networking


ITU
-
T SG 16


IETF

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

International Frequency Allocation

840


960 MHz

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

PRIVACY & SECURITY

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Social issue
-

Privacy


Privacy & Convenience are much akin to Freedom & Safety,
where each are at polar ends of a continuum. One cannot
have both complete freedom and maximized safety, just as
one cannot have complete privacy and maximized
convenience.


The issue of privacy must become an issue of Personally
Identifiable Information (PII), not of the technology


Credit cards and mobile telephones

are far easier to inappropriately access

Personally Identifiable Information (PII).


SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

EU Privacy Recommendations


Kill the tag at point
-
of
-
sale. Lose all post
-
sales benefit


Instead of killing, why not reduce the range electronically


This is not just a European issue, because non
-
European
manufacturers are subject to the same lost post
-
sales
benefit


Locations using RFID to be identified

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Social issue


Privacy

What Can We Do?


Provide packaging that reflects its content; if there is an
embedded RFID tag, signal its presence with the RFID
Emblem.


Follow government and industry discussions regarding
disclosure

Generic Emblem

18000
-
6C
-

17366

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Social issue
-

Security


Security has been explained in ISO/IEC TR 24729
-
4 and
standardization is being proposed in SC 31/WG 7


ISO/IEC 29167 for RFID


Sensor security addressed in ISO/IEC 21451
-
7


SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Social issue
-

Security


Risks include:


Confidentiality


A loss of confidentiality is the unauthorized disclosure of information.


Integrity


A loss of integrity is the unauthorized modification or destruction of
information.


Availability


A loss of availability is the disruption of access to or use of information or
an information system.


Authentication


Ensuring that a tag’s data can only be accessed by

authorized individuals/systems.



SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Social issue
-

Security


Threats include:


Skimming data


Eavesdropping


Spoofing


Cloning


Data tampering


Insertion of executable code or virus


Denial of access or service


Unauthorized killing of tag


Jamming or shielding


SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Social issue
-

Security


Countermeasures include:


Wafer programming (true WORM)


ISO Tag ID verification


License plate


Memory lock


Password protection


Authentication


Cloaking


Encryption


Limitation of read distance


SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

A Scenario for Password Distribution

Authorities

Server

(Departure)

Digital

Signature

Server

(Arrival)


Key Transmission (Push)

Reader B


Verification Req


Verification Res

RF tag

RF tag


Signature Res


Signature Req


Tag ID Req


Tag ID Res


Shipping

IPsec

XML/EDI

IPSec

XML/EDI

DB

IPsec


Tag Req


Tag Res

Reader A


Tag ID Req


Tag ID Res


ePP Req


ePP Res

IPsec

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Social issue
-

Security

What Can We Do?


Remain aware of which technologies provide which levels
of security.


Prior to implementing RFID security for any customer,
ensure that they know what they are doing with security.


At this moment, a simple method of security is not
available.


Follow legal and technical developments


SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

HEALTH AND ELECTROMAGNETIC
INTERFERENCE (EMI)


Journal of the American
Medical Association (JAMA)


Effects of Mobile Radio and
Wireless Communication

of the
Competence Initiative for the
Protection of Mankind,
Environment and Democracy.


Cellphones

and Brain Tumors
15 Reasons for Concern


IEEE Spectrum
-

RFID
Systems May Disrupt the
Function of Medical Devices



International Journal of Radio
Frequency Identification
Technology and Applications,
Vol. 1, No. 3,
Electromagnetic
compatibility of pacemakers and
implantable cardiac defibrillators
exposed to RFID readers


Draft Guidance for Industry and
FDA Staff


Radio
-
Frequency
Wireless Technology in Medical
Devices


JAISA and Hokkaido University
Report




SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Mobile towers threatening honey bees in Kerala


Trivandrum, Aug 31 (PTI) Mobile towers are
posing a threat to honey bees in Kerala with
electromagnetic radiation from mobile towers
and cell phones having the potential to kill
worker bees that go out to collect nectar from
flowers, says a study. A plunge in beehive
population has been reported from different
parts of Kerala and if measures are not taken
to check mushrooming of mobile towers, bees
could be wiped out from Kerala within a
decade, environmentalist and Reader in
Zoology, Dr
Sainudeen

Pattazhy

says in one
of his experiments he found that when a
mobile phone was kept near a beehive it
resulted in collapse of the colony in five to 10
days, with the worker bees failing to return
home, leaving the hives with just queens,
eggs and hive
-
bound immature bees.

Earth called.

IT Said Thanks!

SAMSUNG
ReCLAIM

AD


Wired Magazine


10/09

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Social issue
-

Health


Test Protocol suites have been identified


RF emissions and the susceptibility of active implantable medical
devices, e.g.
ICDs
, pacemakers, artificial pancreas . . .



RF emissions and the susceptibility of electronic medical equipment,
e.g. EEGs, EKGs . . .



RF emissions and the susceptibility of in vitro diagnostic equipment,
e.g. electronic blood glucose meters, electronic test kits used in
hospital laboratories


Human physiology, blood, vaccines, and pharmaceuticals



These Test Protocols initially will focus on
the 11 different ISO/IEC standards for
RFID and RTLS and will also explore IEEE
802.11.

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Social issue
-

Health


Test Protocols to be developed in support of existing ISO
and IEC standards


Test Protocols to be submitted to the U.S. FDA for approval


Certification will commence approximately six months from
the inauguration of the project


Test
Labs
will work with manufacturers of
medical devices, clinical instruments, and
RF emitters to take the necessary steps to
permit electromagnetic compatibility


Those devices certified as benign to a
health care setting will be promoted

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Social issue
-

Health


Two prestigious test labs bifurcating the work effort


Georgia Tech Research Institute


MET Labs


RF emitter manufacturers loan systems that rotating among
the Test Labs; may secure certification with the lab


Medical device manufacturer’s may secure certification with
Test Lab


SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems

Thank you!!!

Craig K. Harmon, President & CEO

Q.E.D. Systems

3963 Highlands Lane, SE

Cedar Rapids, IA 52403
-
2140 USA

(V):

+1 319/364
-
0212

(M):

+1 319/533
-
8092

(E):

craig.harmon@qed.org

(U):

http://www.autoid.org

SYSTEMS

Copyright © 2009
-

Q.E.D. Systems