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Nov 15, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Jeddah

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Research &

Development

Committee

International

Desalination

Association

IDA

TERM
:
15

Status
Report # 2

S
UNDAY

D
ECEMBER

02
,
2012

By :

Dr. Abdullah Al
-
Alshaikh

IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

2

The

Committee



Chairman
Deputy Governor
for Planning & Development,
SWCC
Member
Director,
Water
Desalination
and Reuse
Research Center,
KAUST
Member
GM of
Advisory Unit,
SWCC
Member
Director
Technology
and Water
Quality Office
Public
Utilities Board
Singapore
Member
Executive
Vice
President
-
Desalitech
,
Ltd
USA
Mr.
Harry Seah
Coordinator
GM of
Internal
Communications
&
Knowledge
Management,
SWCC
Dr. Ahmad
S. Alarifi
Dr. Gary
L. Amy
Dr. Richard
Stover
Dr. Abdullah
Al
-
Alshaikh
Eng. Alwaleed
Alsheikh
Member
Manager of
Corporate
Performance
SWCC
Eng. Fahad
Almuhaiziee
IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

3

Goals

( From the committee’s
Strategic Plan )



IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

4

Meetings



Mo
Tu
We
Th
Fr
Sa
So
5
12
19
1
6
7
8
13
14
15
20
21
22
2
4
9
10
11
16
17
18
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
December
2011
1
st
Meeting
Issues
discussed & closed
:
1.
Goals and objectives:
Goal
and objectives of the committee
were reviewed and linked to the
committee's Strategic Plan
.
2.
Actions needed to implement the
committee's Strategic Plan.
3.
Members of the committee agreed to
visit (DAW) Research Centre in Spain
during EDS Conference & Exhibition
2012
(April
23

26
,
2012
in Barcelona, Spain).
4.
The
2
nd
R&D Committee meeting will be
during SIWW
2012
in Singapore.
Jeddah

Saudi
Arabia
Hilton Hotel
3
IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

5

Meetings



8
20
Mo
30
2
9
16
Tu
We
Th
31
3
4
5
10
11
12
17
18
19
Fr
Sa
So
1
6
7
13
14
20
21
22
July
2012
15
2
nd
Meeting
Singapore
Marina
Bay Sands Convention Center MR
3510
Issues discussed and closed:
1.
The launch of the R&D website.
2.
Coordination
to visit research centers
in Doha and Abu
Dhabi.
3.
Suggested to have
one session on
new innovation technology in water
desalination during the
IDA
conference in China
and letting
R&D
committee members
and participants
for voting to
judge the best
technology during the
session.
4.
Suggested
to translate recently issued
booklet by IDA (Desalination at a
Glance) in Arabic
and other
languages.
5.
The
3
rd R&D Committee meeting will
be during SWPF
2012
in Jeddah.
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
Committee’s visit to


Doha, Qatar

October
7


10
,
2012

6

IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

Part of the R&D committee team has visited the following
organizations in Doha
-
Qatar during the period from
07
-
10
/
10
/
2012
:

Committee’s visit to


Doha, Qatar

October
7


10
,
2012

7

IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

ConocoPhillips
Global Water Sustainability Center (GWSC)

ConocoPhillips is a major oil and gas company with headquarters in
Houston, Texas. ConocoPhillips, the major oil and Gas Company,
established the GWSC at Qatar Science & Technology Park with the aim to
develop innovative and cost
-
effective treatment technologies for the
treatment of petroleum by
-
product water, as well as other projects relating to
industrial and municipal water sustainability. The GWSC facility includes
offices, state of the art analytical laboratories, advanced bench
-
scale testing
equipment and a Visitor Center. Through their Visitor Center (see photo),
the GWSC plays an active role in community education about water sources
and need for water conservation. They are currently focusing on Reverse
Osmosis (RO) & Membrane Distillation (MD) at the bench/pilot
-
scale where
they have made a significant investment in MD development and testing
over the past
2
years. The GWSC have also procured
2
MD pilot units (see
photo) and are testing them on various
feedwaters
, including thermal brine
from a thermal desalination plant in Doha.



Qatar Environment & Energy Research Institute (QEERI)

QEERI is a government funded research organization set up about
18
months
ago at Qatar Foundation (QF). They have ambitious plans and have
identified solar powered RO as one focus area to promote in Qatar. Labs
have not been built yet.




Committee’s visit to


Doha, Qatar

October
7


10
,
2012

IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report



Qatar Science & Technology Park (QSTP)

QF has identified three “pillars” essential to transform Qatar to a modern
knowledge
-
based economy: Education, Research and Development & Community
Development. The “Education” is provided primarily through a variety of
campuses setup by well
-
respected international Universities including Weill
Cornell Medical, Texas A&M, Carnegie Mellon, & Northwestern on one site, the
Hamad

Bin
Khalifa

University. The “R&D” pillar includes QSTP where
multinational companies (including the ConocoPhillips GWSC) have been invited
to conduct research here. QEERI is also within this “R&D” pillar of QF. The
community development activities involve social needs, cultural heritage
organizations, and/or events targeted a fostering a progressive society (e.g. career
fair).



Texas A & M University

The visit contained of a lab tour led by one of the chemical engineering post
-
doctoral students. The labs included a wide range of analytical instruments and
some pilot units. Treatability testing focused on precipitation and coagulation,
enhanced oxidation and reverse osmosis technologies.



Network to communicate:

An agreement was made to hold a workshop and setting up a network of
communication between high profile R&D centers in the region, such as (SWCC,
KAUST, GWSC,
Masdar

Centre of Excellence for water Technologies, KISR and
others) with the ultimate objective of bringing together those organizations with
common research interests to collaborate. The R&D centers shall gather and
present summaries of their current research work related to innovation in
desalination in late March
2013
in Saudi Arabia.

8

Committee’s visit to


Doha, Qatar

October
7


10
,
2012

IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

9

Committee’s visit to


Doha, Qatar

October
7


10
,
2012

IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

10

Committee’s visit to


Doha, Qatar

October
7


10
,
2012

IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

11

Committee’s visit to


Doha, Qatar

October
7


10
,
2012

IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

12

Committee’s

Next

Meetings

IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

13

3
rd
Meeting
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
During
Saudi Water & Power Forum, SWPF
2012
December
2012
Mo
31
3
10
17
24
Tu
We
Th
4
5
6
11
12
13
18
19
20
25
26
27
Fr
Sa
So
1
2
7
8
9
14
15
16
21
22
23
28
29
30
Jeddah

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Research &

Development

Committee

International

Desalination

Association

Status
Report #
2

S
UNDAY

D
ECEMBER

02
,
2012

By :

Dr. Abdullah Al
-
Alshaikh

Thank You





2

3

4

1

5

Increase

customer
satisfaction with
the services
provided
.

Increase the

number
of clients seeking
R&D

services &

consultation.

Increase direct facilitation
of R&D project support
.


Increase direct
financial R&D
project support
.

Increase the
number of R&D
centers joining
IDA.

Mo

Tu

We

Th

Fr

Sa

So



5

12

19





1

6

7

8

13

14

15

20

21

22

2

4

9

10

11

16

17

18

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

December
2011

1
st

Meeting

Issues discussed & closed :


1.
Goals and objectives:

Goal
and objectives of the committee
were reviewed and linked to the
committee's Strategic Plan
.

2.
Actions needed to implement the
committee's Strategic Plan.

3.
Members of the committee agreed to
visit (DAW) Research Centre in Spain
during EDS Conference & Exhibition
2012
(April
23

26
,
2012
in Barcelona, Spain).

4.
The
2
nd

R&D Committee meeting will be
during SIWW
2012
in Singapore.

Jeddah


Saudi Arabia

Hilton Hotel

3

8

20

Mo

30

2

9

16

Tu

We

Th


31





3

4

5

10

11

12

17

18

19

Fr

Sa

So





1

6

7

13

14

20

21

22

July
2012

15



2
nd

Meeting

Singapore

Marina
Bay Sands Convention Center MR
3510

Issues discussed and closed:


1.
The launch of the R&D website.

2.
Coordination
to visit research centers
in Doha and Abu
Dhabi.

3.
Suggested to have
one session on
new innovation technology in water
desalination during the
IDA
conference in China

and letting
R&D
committee members
and participants
for voting to
judge the best
technology during the
session.

4.
Suggested
to translate recently issued
booklet by IDA (Desalination at a
Glance) in Arabic
and other
languages.

5.
The
3
rd R&D Committee meeting will
be during SWPF
2012
in Jeddah.


23

24

25

26

27

28

29

3
rd

Meeting

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

During

Saudi Water & Power Forum, SWPF
2012

December
2012

Mo

31

3

10

17

24

Tu

We

Th

4

5

6

11

12

13

18

19

20

25

26

27

Fr

Sa

So



1

2

7

8

9

14

15

16

21

22

23

28

29

30

Chairman



Deputy Governor


for Planning & Development,


SWCC

Member


Director,

Water

Desalination

and Reuse


Research Center,

KAUST

Member


GM of

Advisory Unit,


SWCC



Member



Director

Technology

and Water


Quality Office

Public

Utilities Board

Singapore



Member


Executive

Vice


President

-


Desalitech
,
Ltd


USA



Mr.

Harry Seah

Coordinator


GM of

Internal

Communications


&

Knowledge


Management,

SWCC



Dr. Ahmad


S. Alarifi

Dr. Gary


L. Amy

Dr. Richard

Stover

Dr. Abdullah


Al
-
Alshaikh

Eng. Alwaleed


Alsheikh

Member


Manager of

Corporate

Performance


SWCC



Eng. Fahad
Almuhaiziee

IDA
-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

6

Roadmap



Year

Technology

1

2

3

4

5
and

beyond

Membrane
Distillation


Demonstration testing

1.
Membrane flux

2.
Energy consumption

3.
O&M protocols

4.
New plant design

5.
Retrofitting to waste heat
source

Functionalised
/
Mixed Matrix
Membranes

Process enhancement:

1.
TiO
2
nanofiber

crystallite
study

2.
Oxidation studies with real
NEWater

Laboratory prototype:

1.
-

Reactor design and
evaluation of cost
-
life analysis

High
Permeability
Membranes

Process enhancement:

1.
Extensive salt rejection study
of
electrospun

nanofibers

2.
Practicability study

Membrane
Fouling Control

Process development:

1.
Hydrodynamic control

2.
Ultrasound cavitations

3.
Microbial signaling inhibition

Process enhancement:

1.
Prototypes development

2.
Energy efficiency study

Field testing:

1.

Scaling up of prototype for
fouling control in real plant

Electrochemical
Desalting

Process enhancement:

1.
IX membrane/ ED/CEDI
process optimization

2.
Boron removal

3.
Pretreatment

Engineering & piloting:

1.

Reactor design

2.

O&M protocols

Biomimetics

Process development:

1.
Aquaporin

synthesis

2.
Lipid
bilayer

development

3.
Integration of
aquaporin

onto
synthetic membrane

4.
-
Characterization work

Process enhancement:

1.
Enhance stability of
aquaporin

2.

Fouling study

3.
Flat sheet and hollow
fibre

prototype

Biomimicry:

1.
-

Discover new biological
mechanisms for water
transport, sequestration and/or
synthesis from seawater

H
2
O

Na+,
Cl
-

Na+,
Cl
-

Na+,
Cl
-

High
Vol

Low Na+,
Cl
-

1
mOsm

300
mOsm

Gills

Gut

B


Technology
Roadmap for


Seawater
Desalination


6

IDA

-

Research & Development Committee
-

Status
Report

A

Biomimicry

of
Natural

Desalination


Processes

1


3


2

Current

3.5
kWh/m
3


Short
-
term


<
1.5
kWh/m
3

Long
-

term

0.75
kWh/m
3

Breakthrough


R&D

Biomimetic

Membranes

Inspiration from
Human Kidney


Model Fish:


Tilapia


Climbing Perch

Fresh Water

There is also immense
potential uncovering unique
desalination mechanisms in
natural biological systems
whereby plants such as
mangroves and marine fishes.


H
2
O

Na+,
Cl
-

Na+,
Cl
-
, H
2
O

Na+,
Cl
-

Low
Vol

Isotonic Na+,
Cl
-

1000
mOsm

400
mOsm

Gut

Gills

Ingest

SW

Na+, Cl
-
,H
2
O

Seawater

1

2

3

4