SMART TEXTILES

kitteninterestAI and Robotics

Nov 15, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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SMART TEXTILES

SMART FABRICS


They have added features which do more
than make the consumer just look and feel
good.


Can be made to be breathable, waterproof,
windproof etc.


They are often used for sportswear or
outdoor use.


Some are intelligent so they respond to the
changing needs of the wearer in different
environments. This is called Biomimetics,
which literally means copying nature, or using
it as a basis for the design.

SMART FABRICS
-

STOMATEX


Stomatex allows the
skin to breathe like a
leaf, but also stops the
rain getting in. It keeps
the body temperature
even to minimise
sweat, and removes
any sweat using tiny
pumps within the
fabric.


SMART FABRICS


STOMATEX vs.
CONVENTIONAL FABRIC

MICRO
-
ENCAPSULATION


Fragrances can be micro
-
encapsulated into
fabrics.


This can be applied to any fabric with an
adhesive which is thermally fixed.


Capsules release fragrance during
movement so it is not transferred to other
garments during storing.


The effect lasts for approximately 40
washes, so it is classed as semi
-
permanent.


MICRO
-
ENCAPSULATION


This is used in garments
that get smelly through
sweat or dirt, such as
sportswear or outdoors.


Aromas can be based on
fruits or flowers.


Lingerie can also be micro
-
encapsulated.


It can also be used in
clothing to protect against
insects, with a smell that
mosquitoes etc do not like
to deter them.


BUG
GUARD

SUN PROTECTIVE CLOTHING


These clothes protect the wearer from
harmful UV rays from the sun.


Polyester is the best fabric for this technique.


It uses the same rating as sun creams and
blocks, with UPF (UV Protection factor) 15+,
25+, 30+, 50+ etc.


DuPont has introduced CoolMax performance
fabrics, to keep the user cool in the heat of
the day.


SUN PROTECTIVE CLOTHING


Workers in Australia are
expected to wear clothes with
UPF 50+ protection.


This technique is often used in
swimwear for children and
sometimes adults as it is a
more permanent protection
then sun cream which may
wash off easily in water.


Some hats and umbrellas,
particularly for children may
also use this technique.

WEARABLE ELECTRONICS


This is when smart fabrics have micro
-
electronics built into the structure.


Wearable electronics are often controlled by
soft switches which are sewn into products
using printing, coating and embroidery.


Switches are washable and durable.


It will eventually be incorporated into interior
textiles to control lighting, appliances, TVs and
stereos.

WEARABLE ELECTRONICS


They can be used in wearable
textiles to dial telephones,
pager messages and control
music from MP3 players.


Examples include a business
suit with a mobile phone
incorporated, a child’s anorak
with a tracking device,
sportswear to monitor heart
rate, aerobic outfits with
music players incorporated,
and club wear which changes
colour etc.