ENEA in Figures:

kitefleaUrban and Civil

Nov 15, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

ENEA in Figures:

R&D Projects, International Co
-
operation, Outcomes …




Mauro Basili

Head of President’s Office




New Technologies,

Energy, Environment


ENEA is mainly called upon:


to

promote

and

carry

out

basic

and

applied

research

and

innovation

technology

activities


to

disseminate

and

transfer

technologies,

encouraging

their

use

in

productive

and

social

sectors


to

provide

high
-
tech

services,

studies,

tests

and

evaluations

to

both

public

and

private

bodies

and

enterprises
.


ENEA

is

a

public

undertaking

operating

in

the

fields

of

energy,

the

environment

and

new

technologies

to

support

competitiveness

and

sustainable

development
.


Mission


New Technologies,

Energy, Environment


RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

INNOVATIVE ENERGY CYCLES

SOLAR THERMO
-
DYNAMIC

HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELLS

NEW MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES

ADVANCED PHYSICS TECHNOLOGIES

THERMONUCLEAR FUSION TECHNOLOGIES

NUCLEAR FISSION TECHNOLOGIES

Areas of competence


New Technologies,

Energy, Environment


BIOTECHNOLOGIES FOR FOOD INDUSTRIES

HEALTH AND ECOSYSTEMS PROTECTION

PROTECTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE
ENVIRONMENT

TERRITORY AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES

GLOBAL CLIMATE

RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT

PROTECTION FROM IONIZING RADIATIONS

COMPUTING AND MODELLING

Areas of competence


New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

ENEA in Figures


Five R&D Depts, 12 R&D Centres in Italy,

1500 Researchers,

130
mill/yr R&D budget



R&D and Technology Innovation;


䑥浯湳瑲慴楯渠☠䑥灬潹浥m琻t


P潬楣o⁁湡nys楳㬠†††††


S異灯牴u瑯tP畢汩挠☠Pr楶慴a 佲条湩O慴楯湳㬠


䥮瑥I湡瑩潮慬n䍯
-
潰敲慴楯渻a†††††††††††††††


T散桮楣h氠A獳楳瑡湣n 瑯t䑃D㬠


E摵捡瑩潮d☠&r慩湩湧a⸮⸠

Energy Technology

and Efficiency

Environment and

Global Changes

Nuclear Fusion

and Fission

Advanced Materials

and Technologies

Biotechnology and

Health Protection

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment



Renewable and Distributed Energy




䍯湣C湴牡瑩湧t卯S慲a偯w敲

† ††††


䍬敡渠䍯Cl

† †††††††


䉩潥湥牧B



Next
-
generation

Photovoltaics




䡹摲潧敮d慮搠䙵敬 䍥汬s


† ††††


乵N汥慲l䙵獩潮


† †††††††


卵灥牣潮摵捴楶楴i

† †††††††††††


乥w 䵡瑥物慬猠景爠䕮敲杹



Sustainable

Use

of

Natural

Resources





䭹潴o

偲潴潣潬

慮a

䝬潢慬

䍨C湧n

† ††††


W慳ae

䵡湡来浥湴


† †††††††


䕮敲杹

敦晩捩敮捹



扵楬摩湧s

† ††††††††††


卥捵物瑹



䕮敲杹

䥮晲慳Ir畣瑵牥r




䵯M楬楴i

慮a

T牡湳灯牴



Technology

support

to

conservation

of

Cultural


Heritage,

Health

Protection

and

Food

Quality


R&D Projects and Topics

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

ENEA Patents

Patents per

Thematic Area

Patents Trend

over Time

Informatics &

Models 6%

Nuclear

isotopes 4%

Accelerators &

Laser 4%

Automation &

Robotics 3%

Plasma

Physics 1%

Measure tools

& techniques 18%

Life Sciences

and Biotech 15%

Process

Technology 14%

Thermo
-
electro
-

Mechanics 14%

Plant

Engineering 12%

Science of

Materials 9%

10

11

10

17

18

28

19

25

23

19

32

23

37

1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

International Co
-
operation

Three Major Focuses


European Union Framework Programmes

and a
number of bilateral collaborations with EU countries



Global Partnerships and Co
-
operation
Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum, International
Partnership on Hydrogen Economy, Global Bio
-
energy
Partnership, ITER Project, UN Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change, Implementing Agreements of the International
Energy Agency …



Mediterranean and North
-
African Countries

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Physics 10%

Agro
-
Biotechnology,

Health protection 17%

Adv. Materials &

Technology 34%

Nuclear Fusion

& Fission 19%

Environment &

Global Change 9%

Energy Technology

& Efficiency 11%





International Fellowships Programme


(32 nationalities represented in 2006
-
2007)


Education &Training

Russia

38%

India

23%

China

15%

Cuba

13%

Romania

11%

Top five
nationalities

Asia


25%

Africa


4%

Lat. America

14%

Oceania 1%

Europe

56%

Fellowships

per continent

Fellowships per thematic area


New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Sampling Successful Stories:




A New Approach to
Concentrating Solar Power



Bio
-
energy Project



Cultural Heritage

2003
-
11

ENEA Activities on
CSP Technologies

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

ENEA Programme Main Strategic Choices

Since 2001, a vigorous ENEA programme has been launched
on two main subjects. Both activities are suitably funded and
organised as large projects:

1.
Medium temperature (about 550
°
C) heat collection
and storage, primarily intended for
electricity
production
.

2.
High temperature (greater than 850
°
C) heat
collection for direct
hydrogen production
.


Actually 75 researchers are involved in the program, the
budget until now has been 17 Ml

.

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

The innovations in
trough

technology introduced by
ENEA

ENEA design introduces relevant improvements to the current
technology



The introduction of an adequate energy storage



The use of an alternative transfer fluid



A new solar collector design



An innovative receiving tube design

Solar collector

Receiving

tube

Heat transfer fluid

Heat storage

Power block

Steam
generator

Storage
tanks

290
°
C

Cold fluid

550
°
C

Hot fluid

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

The thermal storage


Any mature energy producing
technology must be available
according to demand.



In the ENEA system
two

thermal

tanks

are
included

to

completely

separate the
heat

collection

phase

from

the
heat

usage

phase
.


Thermal storage process is very
efficient (less than 1% loss per
day).


With

molten

salt

mixture

between

290 and 550
°
C, 5
m
3
/
MWh

are
required

Di
scontinuity

Compensation

Short term clouds

Yes

N
ight
time

Yes

B
ad
days

Partially

Seasonal variations

No


New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

The “Archimede” project

1350

1750

kWh/m
2

The plant is located nearby Siracusa, one of
the most
insolated Sicilians areas: 1725
kWh/m
2

year

Nominal electric power 760 MWe

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

The “Archimede” project

A
traditional

oil
electric

generation
plant

was

here

recently

converted

in a
modern

combined

cycle

plant

Nominal electric power 760 MWe

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

“Archimede” project:
photographic reconstruction

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

The “Archimede” project:
the systems integration

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Conclusion


Solar energy has to play an important role in the future
energy supply scenario particularly for the countries in
the “sun belt”


ENEA has launched, more than 3 years ago, a vigorous
research, development and demonstration program on
concentrating solar energy in order to prepare the basis
for solar energy massive utilization


The operation of the real scale test circuit is
demonstrating the achievement of the main targets of the
project


The “
Archimede
” project will hopefully start the
realization of a number of solar systems using the ENEA
technology


Solar Hydrogen production is really promising and the
reasearch

activity curried on in ENEA is creating the
basis for the design and realization of the first pilot plant

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Hydrogen: a great opportunity for the future

La società

dell’idrogeno

Hydrogen is
not an energy
source but
“just” an
excellent
energy vector
.

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

CONCENTRATED SOLAR ENERGY

THERMODYNAMIC

CYCLES

THERMOCHEMICAL

CYCLES

H
2
0

HYDROGEN

ELECTRIC ENERGY

O
2

Solar Thermodynamic Project

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Growing Interest in ENEA CSP


Emerging Countries


China: Visit of ENEA facilities and co
-
operation agreement in Sept. 2007


Libya: Interest in small
-
scale demo plants for combined CSP and water
desalination


United Arabian Emirates: Installation of combined CSP and water
desalination plants


Other contacts with Algeria, India, Lebanon, Qatar, South Africa


EU Framework Programme


Five projects in the process to be approved/funded by EU FP7


National R&D Programmes


Diasol Project
-

Combined generation of electricity and water
desalination for rural off
-
grid communities in developing countries
(Industry 2015 Programme financed by Italian Ministry of Economic
Development)

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Bio
-
energy Projects



New Technologies,

Energy, Environment


Bio
-
Energy R&D



Biomass gasification systems for rural electrification


2
nd

generation bio
-
ethanol from ligno
-
cellulosic materials:
innovative feedstock pre
-
treatment


2
nd

generation biofuels from micro
-
algae and bio
-
refineries (combined production of biofuels, heat & power
and chemicals


feasibility studies)


Solid

Biomass

Sugar

Crops

Oil

Crops

Wet

Biomass

Agricult

.

waste

Animal

manure

Forestry

waste

Industry

waste

Municipal

waste

Sewage

sludge

Crops

Ligno

cell

feedstock

Combust.

Gasificat.

Pyrolysis

Fermentat.

Anaerobic

Digestion

Steam

Biod
iesel

Hydrogen

Reformer

Heat

&

Power

Extraction

Esterific

.

Distillat.

Shift

Bio
-

oil

CO+H

2

FT

Conv.

Ethanol

Biogas

Feedstocks

Processes

Products

DME

Methanol

Biomass

Wet

Biomass

.

Digestion

&

.

2

Products

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Biomass Gasification

Gasification of Agriculture Waste

(ENEA and Liaoning Institute of Energy
Resources, LIER
-

China)


Innovative
Gasification Plants
for Rural Electrification



Fixed bed plant (30
-
80 kWe)


Fluidized bed plant (160 kWe)



Both designed by ENEA and tested

at Trisaia ENEA Labs, and at LIER

Labs in Yingkou (China).

Several units in operation



New, 1
-
MWt plant for high
-
quality gas
(14 MJ/m³, 40% H
2
) for use in MCFC

Fixed bed gasification plant built
at Trisaia (Italy) and in
Yingkou
(
China)


New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Ethanol from Cellulosic Feedstock

Bio
-
ethanol production from
ligno
-
cellulosic feedstock


Innovative process for feedstock
pre
-
treatment and bio
-
conversion



Pressurized, continuous
-
operation
steam
-
explosion reactor


Small
-
scale 300 kg/hr (existing)


Demo
-
scale 2000 kg/hr (under design)


Industrial demo 25
-
30 kt/yr (in 4
-
5 yr)



Funded by the EU FP6


International and industrial co
-
operation
(EU, RISÖ, Budapest and Lund Univ.,
VTT, FIAT CRF)


Expression of interest from Egypt (Cairo
University, Prof. Yasser Fami)

Continuous Steam Explosion
Prototype Plant

ENEA Trisaia Labs
-

Italy

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Bio
-
energy from Algae


Combined production of biofuels,
energy & chemicals from algae

Estimated Potential:


Biomass yield: 100 t/ha
-
yr (30% oil)


CO
2

mitigation: 200 t/ha
-
yr


Projected biodiesel cost $80/bbl


Projected plant cost $70,000/ha


Projected mitigation cost $ 30/t CO
2


Project Roadmap:


By 2010 Testing bioreactor technology


with different species in fresh & sea
-



water (
100 m
2
lab
-
scale plant)

By 2012 Demo Plant (1 ha) with capacity:



20 t biofuels per year



200 t CO2 sequestration/yr

Project Cost:


30 mill.

Biofuels

Sun light

CO
2


Algae Field

Biomass

Bioplastics

CHP

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

CULTURAL HERITAGE



New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Seismic risk, vibrating tables

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Monitoraggio dell’Obelisco

di San Giovanni in Laterano
-

Roma

Messa in sicurezza delle nicchie di Buddha


Afghanistan

Consolidamento aree a rischio geologico


Minareto di Jam
-

Afghanistan

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Messa in sicurezza del tamburo della cupola di


S. Nicolò L’Arena
-

Catania

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Rilevazione di bio
-

attacchi

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Imaging Topological Radar Color (ITRC)

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Realtà Virtuale: studio illuminazione

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

New Technologies,

Energy, Environment

Rivestimenti ottici e film sottili