SEPARATING FACT FROM

kayakjokeMechanics

Feb 22, 2014 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Global Energy Security Forum

Miami, Florida

March 26, 2013


Mark K. Boling

President

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING

OPERATIONS:

SEPARATING FACT FROM

FICTION

1

Hydraulic Fracturing Operations





What are


Hydraulic

Fracturing

Operations?

Hydraulic Fracturing Operations

2

Hydraulic Fracturing Video

Regulatory Considerations

3

Surface Considerations

Subsurface Considerations

Surface Considerations

4

Air Emissions

Water Supply

Water Handling

Water Reuse & Disposal

Surface Impact


Drilling Locations


Truck Traffic & Road Damage


Infrastructure

Subsurface Considerations

5

Protecting Underground
Water Resources

Frac

Fluid Disclosure

Protecting Underground Water Resources

6

Well Integrity


Is the Key!

Well Integrity

7

Well Construction Standards

2

Evaluate
Stratigraphic

Confinement

1

Evaluate Mechanical Integrity of Well

3

Monitor
Frac

Job & Producing Well

4

FRESH WATER AQUIFER ZONE

SHALLOW PRODUCING ZONE

CONDUCTOR PIPE

SURFACE CASING

PRODUCTION CASING

TARGET PRODUCING ZONE

GOOD MECHANICAL INTEGRITY

CEMENT CHANNELING

PRESSURE

BUILDS UP

CONDUCTOR PIPE

SURFACE CASING

PRODUCTION CASING

FRESH WATER AQUIFER ZONE

SHALLOW PRODUCING ZONE

TARGET PRODUCING ZONE

CASING

CEMENT

FORMATION

Surface Considerations

10

Water Supply

Water Handling

Water Reuse & Disposal

Water Supply

11

Location, Rate &
Timing of
Withdrawals

Cumulative Impact
Assessment

11

Volumes Needed

Water Handling

12

Trucks vs. Pipeline


Truck Traffic


Road Damage

Impoundments vs. Tanks


Closed
-
Loop Drilling Systems


Recycling Logistics


Air Emissions

Tracking Wastewater


Characterize
Wastewater


Record
Volumes Produced


Verify
Volumes Delivered

Water Reuse & Disposal

Water Recycling & Reuse


Volume and quality of wastewater


Chemical compatibility


Storage and transportation logistics


Water Treatment Facilities


Flowback & produced water
chemistry


Capacity & Capability limitations
(NORM, DBPs, heavy metals)


Central vs. drill site facilities


Water Disposal Wells


Geological & hydrological limitations


NIMBY concerns


Triggered seismicity considerations

13

25,000’

IGNEOUS

BASEMENT

LIMESTONE

SHALE

TRIGGERED SEISMICITY

WATER DISPOSAL WELL

WATER DISPOSAL WELL

HORIZONTAL SHALE WELL

SAND

The largest recorded seismic event
generates the same amount of energy as
would be released when dropping a
gallon of milk from chest high to the floor.

EXISTING

STRESS

NEW

STRESS

14

Surface Considerations

15

Reduction Technology


Catalytic reduction


Ultra
-
low sulfur diesel fuel


LNG and CNG fuels


Oxidation catalysts


Green completions, vapor recovery
units, low bleed/no bleed pneumatic
devices, plunger lift systems, leak
detection

Air Emissions

Emission Type


NO
x


SO
2


CO


PM


CH
4


VOCs (incl. BTEX)

Emission Levels


EPA


Industry


State regulators


Research groups

Surface Considerations

16

Infrastructure


Compressors


Pipelines


Roads


Water treatment
facilities

Truck Traffic &
Road Damage

Drilling Locations


Pit construction


Erosion and
sedimentation


Chemical storage

Surface Impact


Global Energy Security Forum

Miami, Florida

March 26, 2013


Mark K. Boling

President

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING

OPERATIONS:

SEPARATING FACT FROM

FICTION