the back part of the leg between the knee and the ankle
a young cow or bull
itches where the poison ivy touched it.
stays close to its mother.
the sharp curved nail on the toe of a bird or animal
the part of
a crab or lobster used for gripping
something is to scratch or dig it with sharp nails
Karl held out his hand, and the parrot wrapped its
around his finger.
The lobster grabbed the clam with its big
and held it.
at the back door
so that she could come in the house.
two things of the same kind
two people who do things together
There are a
of cups on the shelf.
skated slowly around the rink.
a pillow or a pad with a soft filling
Tammy rested her head on the
and soon fell asleep.
something attached on only one side so that it can move freely
to move up and down
Colin licked the
of the envelope and then pressed it down.
We heard the geese
their wings as they flew over the pond.
a person who takes care of horses
a man who is getting married
to clean or make neat
led the horse out of the stall to brush it.
slipped the wedding ring on the bride’s finger.
the kitten’s fur by licking it until it was smooth.
part that each person gets of a whole
to use or enjoy with others
of the pizza will be two slices.
My sister and I
anything that covers or protects
to give protection or safety to someone or something
Our dog looks for
under the bed when he hears thunder.
The small porch
us from the rain.
the land around a building
a length equal to three feet or thirty
We lived in a house with a large
You need three
of cloth to make your costume for the play.
the number equal to 0; it stands for nothing
anything that happens in an unplanned way,
especially when it
causes injury or damage
The accident happened when one car went through a red light and hit another
a person who does tricks that take great strength and good
control in moving the body
The acrobat did a flip on the tightro
pe, and the crowd in the circus tent
that warns people or tells them to take action
a feeling that something is wrong or that there is danger
make a person afraid or fearful
Beth shut off the alarm on the clock and went back to
Pete was filled with alarm when he lost his way in the woods.
I don’t want to alarm you, but what is that noise in the backyard?
to spring back after hitting something
The ball bounced three feet in the air after Maya hit it with her racket
An elephant must seem enormous to a mouse.
an opening or space in something that is normally closed
The rabbit got into the garden through a gap in the fence.
a tool like a bowl with a handle; it can be large or small and
used for digging into and lifting loose or soft materials
to take it up in a quick movement
Mother used a metal scoop to put flour into the mixing bowl.
Dan cupped his hands to scoop water from the pond.
something used to hold an object in plac
e and to keep it from
to hold it in place or to keep it from falling
The shelf will fall without the wooden support.
Anne supported the sign while Ryan nailed it to the post.
up of things twisted or knotted together
to become twisted
or knotted together
The fishing line was in such a tangle that Bill had to cut it.
I tripped and fell when my feet got tangled in the rope.
to find out how heavy it is
to have that much heaviness
the measure of how heavy something is
Lucy weighed t
he puppy, and learned that it had gained almost two pounds
since last week.
The baby weighted seven pounds when he was born.
The weight of a stick of butter is four ounces.
one of the two long, thin feelers on the head of many
insects and of
some water animals such as lobsters
a metal rod or wire used to send and receive radio and television
The beetle moved one antenna to the left when Sam touched it.
Let’s pull out the antenna on the radio to hear the station more cl
a state of being firm and steady
to stay in a steady position without falling
to hold something in a steady position without letting it fall
Tanya lost her
on the diving board and fell into the pool.
carefully on her partner’s shoulders.
a large ball on its nose.
a large rounded rock, resting on or in the ground
On our hike, we followed the trail past a
as big as a car.
steep, high rock face with a sharp drop
to the ground below
From the top of the
, the hunters watched the buffalo far below.
the place where two parts meet or come together
The elbow is the
where the upper arm and lower arm connect.
an object that is used to do certain
kinds of work; it can have both fixed
or moving parts
After we waxed the floor by hand, Jerome used a
to polish it.
an object that provides the power to make something move or do work
Dad started the
on the boat by pulling on the cord
part of the body that can be stretched or tightened to make the body
The day after we ran around the track, my leg
a large object in space that moves in a regular path around the sun or
some other star
The rings aro
Saturn are made up of many pieces of ice.
a surface, a line, or a piece of land that is higher at one point than at
to lie at an angle
is too steep for beginners.
up a little here by the pond.
a large, strong animal related to monkeys but without a tail; it can
stand on two feet
to copy the actions or speech of a person or animal
Gorillas and chimpanzees are members of the
the chicken’s walk only made Millie look silly.
the gray matter made of nerve cells packed inside the skull; it is what
we think with; it controls other parts of the body
If I use my
, I think I can find an answer to this problem.
rt of the tree that grows out of its main stem
anything that comes from a main part of something, as a branch comes
from a tree
Mom and Dad hung the swing from a thick
of the beech tree.
Donna goes to the
of the library near her home because
main library is too far away.
a large cave
The roof of the
was covered with bats.
is something made with an open center to let the smoke from a fire
rise and escape outside
As we skied past the cabin, we saw smoke coming from the
a group of twelve
Manuel invited a
friends to his party.
the bright, glowing gas we see when something burns
Three moths flew around the candle
a piece of
material made of string or rope knotted together in a way
that leaves evenly spaced holes
The fishermen repaired some holes in their
a long pole with a sharp, pointed blade at one end
In the museum, we saw several old
used long ago to hu
a burning stick held in the hand to give light
The runner carried the Olympic
to the city where the games were
going to begin.
to take in or soak up
This sponge will
the water you spilled.
a heavy weight on a rope or chain that is dropped from a boat
to hold something firmly in place
As our boat came near the shore, we dropped the
for the night.
We need longer screws to
the cabinet to the wall.
an object made of short,
stiff hairs or wires
to clean, paint, or smooth something by using a brush
to touch something lightly by moving against it
works well to scrape paint from the side of the house.
her teeth every night before going to bed.
Alex jumped when something
his cheek in the dark hallway
a small swelling on a plant that will grow into a twig, flower, or leaf.
Aunt Jane told me to pick the roses that were open and to leave the
on the bush.
the exact middle
place where people come together for some purpose
The referee put the soccer ball in the
of the field just before the
Sara went with her mother to the health
for a checkup
the hard middle part of fruits such as apples or p
Juan ate the apple and gave the
to his pony.
a building or group of buildings where things are made
Natalie’s sister works in a
that makes parts for computers.
the place where bees live
Mr. Olach keeps several
in his backyard for bees.
a young tree
In this old photograph, you can see our great oak tree when it was just
the tall main stem of a tree where its branches grow
the long nose of an elephant
a large box or case with a lid
that can be shut and locked
the covered part at the back of a car
I once saw giant redwood trees with
almost twenty feet across.
The elephant lifted its
when it heard an airplane.
Nina opened the
to look for an extra blanket.
Before we l
eave, will you please put the towels in the
an object that has a round, flat base and comes to a point at the other
the fruit of a pine or other evergreen tree
On a walk to the park Elena bought a
at the ice
I picked up
from a pine tree to make a decoration for the door.
a solid figure with six square sides
We helped Mom by cutting the potatoes into
for the salad.
the third planet from the sun and is the one we live on
soil or dirt
From the spaceship, the
looked like a beautiful giant blue ball.
After planting the tomatoes, Tony smelled the rich, dark
a green plant with feathery leaves
Josie watched the small frog jump from the path into the
that is burned to give power such as wood, coal, or oil
Max watched the man who delivers
as he pulled the hose from his
truck to the house next door.
a tiny hard piece of something
the seeds of cereal plants such as corn, wheat, or oats
With a magnifying glass we could see that the
of sand had many
By August, many sacks of
stood in a row in the barn.
blooded animal with a narrow body with four legs and a long tail
didn’t move as
Arelis walked by.
someone who works underground to dig for useful minerals
put on their helmets before they went to work.
the time that is happening now
something that one person gives to another
being at a certain place as a
certain time; the antonym is absent
The story we are reading takes place in the
I am giving to my friend is in the green box.
All of the students were
when the bell rang to start class.
the line made when two pieces of
cloth are sewn together
a layer of some natural material that lies between two other layers in
When Luis reached for the ball, he heard his shirt rip at the arm
We could see a
of gray clay running through the cliff by the beach.
a sign or mark to show that a person belongs to a certain group
The police officer pinned her
on her shirt before going to work.
a flag or other piece of cloth with words or signs on it
was hanging across the street to announce the spring festival.
the place where two walls or two sides of something meet
the place where two streets come together
to force a person or thing into a place that is hard to get out of
Mom and I pushed m
y bed to the
of the room.
Jennie and Lee wait for the bus at the
of Elm and Bow Street.
the puppy and took him back to his pen.
a pattern or arrangement of lines, shapes, or colors
to make a plan to show how it will be
Kim worked on the
for the poster to announce the book sale.
the puppet theater and Margot will make a puppet.
a public showing of things so that they can be looked at
to set it out for others to see
One of my favorite
at the museum shows sea shells.
corn, beans, and tomatoes at the market.
a mark or crease made when something is bent over on itself
to bend something over so that one parts rests on another
tion says to tear the paper along the
When the dryer stopped, Gary
the clean towels and socks.
many people marching or moving along a certain street to enjoy and
remember a special day often with bands, cars, and flags.
Marco joined th
e big crowed on the sidewalk to watch the
a figure made from four straight lines with all four angles the same size
in the center of the map stands for the park.
to honor in some way such as raising the hand
to the forehead
As soon as the president walked into the room, the soldiers
the grooved part of a tired that touches the ground as it moves
to walk or step on by brining the feet down heavily
Dad was worried when I showed him a smooth place
When you go up the stairs, please
a glass tank filled with water
a building where many different kinds of living fish and other water
animals are on display
Sophie loved to watch the brightly colored clown fish swim in her
In the center of the
stands a huge glass tank where hundreds
of fish swim.
a kind of box with bars or wire netting; a place to keep animals or birds
My canary flew into the kitchen when my cousin opened the door of its
a heavy stick that is used for hitting and swinging at something
a group of people who meet from time to time to do some special thing
Long ago, people used
meets every week in our clubhouse.
a handle fitted to a pipe; it is used to control the flow of water
We can get water from the
at the back of the house to water the
a great flow of water over land that is
to cover with water
rose to the roofs of the houses on this street.
When the pipe broke, water
something that is given; a present
We often bring my grandmother a
when we stay at her house for a
a thin, pointed, hanging piece of ice formed by water freezing as it drips
hanging from the roof sparkled in the bright sunlight.
to try to act like someone or something else; to copy
Maria tried to
the way her swimming
teacher kicked her legs.
a smooth round object that forms inside the shell of an oyster; usually
white or pale gray
When the diver opened the oyster, she saw a
lying inside the
a low piece of land lying between hills or
On the other side of the
, we could see a line of hills.
in or on a ship, train, or airplane
the train just before the doors closed.
a strong wind or movement of air
a loud noise
to go up into the air or space
blew into the room when Caleb opened the door.
The whistle gave two
, and the ship began to move.
To begin the tunnel, the works need to
Raisa and her family will watch the r
the kind of work a person does for many years
After finishing college, Ramona chose a
as a firefighter.
to be careful in order to avoid mistakes, trouble or danger
Ray and Theresa were
when they saw the icy sidewalk.
a large, strong piece of metal or wood used to support bridges or parts
support the railroad bridge
to making something for the first time
In 1868, Margaret Knight
a machine to make square bottoms
on paper bags
to turn in a circle around a center
to take turns in a certain order
It takes our planet Earth one year to
around the sun.
the job of group leader to a different student each
a report of something that happened
a tale that is made up; sometimes written down
the space or rooms that make up one level of a building
about the science fair was in the newspaper on Tuesday.
Katha is reading a
about a mouse na
The Empire State Building in New York has 102
one of the threads that are twisted together to make string, yarn, or
rope; also a single hair
to leave in a difficult or helpless position
The oriole pulled a
from the brush and flew off to its nest.
my aunt and uncle at the airport for hours.
a building or part of a building that is taller than it is wide
to rise high in the air
We walked up 360 steps to reach the first level of the Eiffel
At five feet, Theo
over his baby sister.
the study of planets, stars, and other objects in space
Many people who take up
became interested when they
in addition to or also
being on the soccer team, Sean loves playing basketball.
a round hole in the shape of a bowl found in the ground or at the
mouth of a volcano
The hikers walked to t
he volcano to look down into the
a unit for measuring how warm something is
a stage or step in a series that one goes through
Cindy heated the oven to 350
before she put the bread in.
, Malcolm taught his puppy to obey
commands like sit.
the distance from side to side and through the center of a circle or a
of the trunk of our old oak tree was at least thirty inches.
to look steadily at something for a long time
Sam and Julie
at the polar bears.
the force on our planet that pulls things toward the center of the earth
the condition of being serious
causes an apple to fall to the ground.
Celia understood later the
of what she had done by playing too
close to the large waves.
to turn or throw something back
to think carefully about something
the sun so Giselle put on her sunglasses.
on the next chess piece he would move.
an object that makes
distant things seem closer and large by using
mirrors and lenses
Dad and Molly set up the
in the backyard to view the stars.
all of space and all of the objects in spacw
The Milky Way is just one of many large groups of stars in our
a book of maps
To find the Ganges River, Ben used an
to know or learn about something
Stacey was not
that she had left her notebook at school.
adult male pig
At night, wild
hunt in the forest for roots.
an imaginary line around the middle of the earth
If you live in a country on the
, you will notice that the length of
the days and nights is almost equal.
a long pointed tooth
When the tiger opened its
mouth to roar, we could see its
wild and likely to attack
very strong and violent
A polar bear in the wild may become
if it is hungry.
wind blew sand into Keith’s face.
the hard tough covering on the foot of an
animal such as a horse, a
cow, or a deer
Lydia carefully removed the stone from her horse’s
a trip from one place to another; often over a great distance
Last summer our family made a journey across Canada by train.
having to do wit
h a particular place; usually the town or neighborhood
where one is living
making all the stops along a train line; different from the express which
makes fewer stops.
Hanna and I picked two quarts of strawberries at our
Grandpa told me to ride
train because it stops near his store.
not seen or happening very often
meat that is cooked very little
Leanne showed Mr. Bonilla a book of
meat may not be good for your health.
piece of wood, stone, or metal over an open space
We walked beneath the stone
to enter the small garden.
thinking, listening, or watching carefully
Nothing could draw Tan’s
away from the mystery he was
ven for doing well
to give something as a prize or a reward
Shelley thanked the judges for the her
, a dictionary.
our dog the first prize.
to fall down suddenly or to cave in
to fold together
My ten collapsed when my
brothers and I all crawled inside.
These chairs collapse so they are easy to store in the closet.
to destroy or tear it down
a dozen houses close to the beach.
more than is needed or allowed
an amount that is too
much or more than is needed
Dad has to pay extra because he had
Charlotte licked the
from the edge of the jelly sandwich.
a line showing the outside of an object or figure
a short list or plan that gives the main idea of a l
Gary drew an
of Asia, before filling in the different countries.
will show you what we want to do for our report on turtles.
a work of art made by shaping wood, stone, or other material into a
The snow was just wet enough for our
of a horse to be the
best we ever built.
a tool for digging; often with a long handle fastened to a flat metal
, the pirate began doffing a deep hole for his treasure
a tool or container that is used for a special purpose.
Esperanza put the can opener in a drawer with other kitchen
busy and noisy movement
to move around in a busy excited way
Felix waited in the
of the lobby for t
he doors to open.
from table to table choosing materials.
the bed or path of a river or stream
a groove or cut that allows water to pass through it
a body of water joining to larger bodies of water
a way to carry an electrical
signal to a television set
of this river is not deep enough for large boats.
Mr. Skura build a brick
down the slope to drain water.
joins the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Without an outside antenna, our TV rec
eives only three
to join or bring together
Follow this street until it
with the main highway.
a number of countries or areas under the control of a single ruler or
The Romans ruled an
that included all
the countries around the
to speak of something without going into a lot of detail
to you that he would be at the swimming pool?
the pointed top of a mountain
any pointed top
in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro.
Vera whipped the cream into stiff
a person who has studied a subject and knows a great deal about it.
wrote a book describing the house and food of the Iroquois.
to come to rest
about some problem
to live in a place and make it one’s home
The thick fog
over the trees and houses.
the argument between us.
When Sheng came to the United States, she
in Houston, Texas.
anything on wheels or r
unners used to carry people or things from
place to place
raced along the crowded street with its siren
a line that angles as it changes direction from side to side
to change direction at an angle by moving from side
The skier made a
down the side of the hill.
the canoe past several rocks in the river.
a person, animal, or plant that is fully grown
sat talking while the children played
in the yard.
giraffe stands 18 feet tall, making it the tallest animal on
a group of things that grow close to each other or are packed tightly together
to walk in a way that makes a heavy, dull sound
of trees near the road, Sara could see the lake.
into the changing room to take of his ice skates.
to be eager to learn about people or things
strange or unusual
to know what bird had made the tiny nest.
Elena found a small box with a
shiny stone inside.
a feeling of thanks for a gift, a favor, or some other kindness
We sent a note to show our
for our neighbor’s help.
a group of animals that live or move about together
e two dogs drove the
of cows through the gate.
someone who has just arrived in a place
Mr. Barton welcomed the two
from Canada to our class.
simple, not fancy
a large piece of flat land with few trees
easy to see or
Deirdre wanted to build a
birdhouse without any decoration.
Tall grasses covered the
for as far as we could see.
that Rosario was pleased to see her cousin.
the main stem of a plant
to walk in a stiff way that sho
ws one is hurt or angry
to follow something in a quiet way in order not to be seen
Ricardo checked the
of corn for any ears that might be ripe.
out of the room with his broken airplane.
the antelope carefully for se
a long, curved, very large tooth that sticks out of the mouths of animals
like elephants or walruses.
The walrus uses its
to dig in the bottom of the sea for clams.
having a great amount of money, property, or valuable
The iron and coal in the ground made England a very
the lowest part of something
a place where the people in the army, navy, or air force do their work
one of the four corners of the inside field in baseball
of the Washington Monument is just over 55 feet wide.
Tom’s father is at a
in San Antonio, Texas.
After Tracey hit the ball, she raced to first
a loud annoying noise that continues for some time
The drills made such a
that we had to close the windows.
to throw away or get rid of
After we finished eating our oranges, Eva
the peels in a trash
a roof in the shape of an upside
Josie point out the large golden
of the state house.
a measure for liquid equal to 4 quarts
For the school breakfast, our class made two
of orange juice.
a tool used for doing careful work
an object for making music
The dentist used one of the small inst
uments on the tray.
that Louis Armstrong played so well was a trumpet.
something that gives pleasure but is not really needed; often expensive
Dad and I had the
row seats at the basketball finals.
a hammer with a large head made of
wood or hard rubber so that it
does not scratch what it hits
Using two wooden
, Kai played the xylophone.
being able to do something well after study or training
Reba showed great
on the balance beam
small in amount or importanc
The pilot announced that there would be a
delay in our landing.