building construction

jumpclaybrainedUrban and Civil

Nov 25, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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1


COOPERATIVE EDUCATION 120

TRAINING PLAN

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION


OUTLINE:

Concerned with building and constructing structures including carpentry work, bricklaying, concrete pouring, framing and a va
riety of
other jobs involved in building.


Tasks

Performed Performed Observed










alone with help


1.

Construction Labour



Learn about materials and tools






Load and unload construction material






Using the proper way to lift, move building materials between work areas






Mix, pour and spread materials






Shovel and grade earth






Set braces to support sides of excavations






Erect

and dismantle scaffolding






Erect barricades and place lights

in isolated work areas






Assist in wrecking building by hammering and prying apart sections of structures






Sort, clean and pile salvaged materials






Remove rubble and accumulated debris to provide clear work areas






Clean and store tools and
equipment






Operate machinery associated with construction






Assist with framing a house






Apply vinyl siding and front porch enclosures






Perform concrete and cement work






Install windows and doors






Install caulking and sealing






Perform
shingling and roofing job





2.

Plastering



Apply coats of plaster to interior walls and ceilings






Mix plaster to desired to consistency






Erect trestles and scaffolds






Apply first coats of plaster to surface






Level and smooth plaster with
Darby

and float






Roughen undercoats with wire or metal scrapers






Shape plaster border along sides to serve as a guide for thickness






Spread and level second coat between borders






Plumb and straighten corners, angles and wall surfaces using a plumb line,
straightedge

or level






Scratch surface with float to provide greater adhesion






Apply finishing coat by spreading thin, white finishing plaster






Smooth surfaces with trowels






Create decorative
textures

in finish coat





3.

Bricklaying



Mix mortar for appropriate jobs






Lay out building dimensions






Construct batter boards






Make a story pole






Pour concrete footings




2


Tasks

Performed Performed Observed










alone with help




Waterproof foundations and lay drain tile along the foundation






Lay block and build corners, lay blocks to line and strike joints






Build 4” and 12” corners






Lay brick

to line using common, stretcher, and Flemish bond






Perform joint brick using regular, weathered, flush and v joint methods






Build veneer and interior walls using brick, block and tiles






Lay obtuse






Angle and acute






Angle corners and cavity
walls






Construct forms for brick steps, concrete bases and steps






Pour concrete steps and lay brick steps






Estimate brick required for fireplace






Build fireplace footing,
ash put

and floor






Build trimmer arch






Lay up fireplace jambs, end,

side, and back walls






Pour chimney foundations






Install flue






Liners, clean






Out doors and thimbles






Lay out and construct segmental, jack, semi, circle, gothic and elliptical arches






Clean bricks, blocks and tiles using acid washdown,
sandblasting and brushing
methods






Waterproof exterior walls above grade, joints and inside face of walls






Damp proof foundation walls






Remove stains






Prepare opening for glass block panels






Lay glass block wall






Lay up glazed tile wall
and sill






Install damp check and flashing behind and under sills






Install roof flashing






Estimate numbers of brick and blocks required for certain areas






Sketch a block wall and determine the type of material needed





4.

Carpentry Work



Understand types of wall framing; balloon, platform and post & beam






Layout and install sills and girders






Frame around stairwells and openings in ceilings and doors






Lay and level joists






Lay subflooring






Construct corner posts and cut out
plates






Frame wall openings and trussed partitions






Prepare framing for plumbing, wiring, heating, wallboard and insulation






Apply horizontal and diagonal sheathing






Understand various types of scaffolding






Understand roof styles and apply
principles of right triangle to roof framing






Plan roof layout and lay out plates, ridges, and common rafters






Frame roof openings






Lay out and cut jack, hip and valley rafters and collar beams






Frame gable and shed roof






Install asphalt and

wood shingles and rolled composition roof






Flash dormers and chimneys




3


Tasks

Performed Performed Observed










alone with help




Apply outside trim, open and boxed cornice, gable trim an
d
moldings






Apply siding to outside wall






Set and install window and door frames






Flash drip caps over doors and windows






Install screen and storm windows






Cut and nail wallboard






Cut and install paneling






Fit window sash






Set and
install interior door frames






Install baseboard, interior cornice and ceiling beams






Install finish floor and fit and hang door






Install Threshold and door hardware






Install window and cabinet hardware






Install mantle, bookcases, cabinets or

other mill work






Lay out and construct stairs






Mark outlines or dimensions of parts on paper or lumber stock






Match materials for colour and grain






Set up and operate woodworking machines






Measure diameters and scribe circles






Trim parts

or joints for a snug fit






Use plains and scrapers to plane surfaces, edge grain and end grain






Bore holes for insertion of screws or dowels






Glue, fit and clamp parts for subassemblies






Sand and scrape surfaces and joints to prepare them for
finishing






Drive in nails to reinforce joints






Repair and refashion furniture






Dip, brush or spray assembled articles with finishing materials






Shape, drill, press, lathe and jig saw wood






Sand wood for finishing






Flatten blisters and
repair breaks in veneer






Prepare and install arborite





5.

General Tasks



Convey tools and equipment to worksites






Select and saw lumber to size






Remove and clean shoring and bracing forms






Dig Shallow holes to support posts and other
structures






Clean work areas, tool and equipment






Study CAD drawings and sketches for building plan information






Read blueprints






Verify trueness of structure using levels and plumb lines






Select the proper type of material for each job






Cost out materials and supplies






Order supplies and materials






Understand local building codes





6.

Additional Tasks


























4


Equipment Used:

Related positions:


Hand Tools, Trowels, Darby and Float, Router, Electric Drill

Bricklayer,
Carpenter, Plasterer, Pipe Fitter, Plumber, Roofer

Sander, Plumb
-
line, Straightedge, Spirit level, Crosscut Saw

Heavy Equipment Operator, Gas Fitter, Back Hoe Operator

Trammel, Calipers, Marking Gauge, Back Saw, Circular Saw

Dry
-
Waller, Construction Blas
ter, Cabinetmaker, Foreman

Glue gun
, Caulking Gun, Cement Mixer, Lathe, Planer,

Cement Pourer, Ditch
-
Digger, Road Repair, Painter

Drill Press, Shaper, Hammer, Jigsaw, Band Saw


12 October 2010