ALA Annual Chicago 2013

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Oct 21, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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ALA Annual Chicago

2013




THURSDAY


June 27


8:30
-
1
1:00

MCP
-
S106a



Introduction to RDR and Ontologies for the
Semantic Web

/ presenter
Steve Miller
,
UWM School of Information Studies

See workbook


FRIDAY


J
une 28



Technical Services Directors
Large Research Libraries IG

Lorcan Dempsey


4 things about discovery. Trends leading back to Technical Services

Discovery happens elsewhere


i.e. outside the library.
Ithaka s+r 2009 reported shift by faculty to non
-
library resources. Elsevier recently a
cquired Mendeley; things like Google Scholar, etc.
We need active
promotion: interpretation through social media; syndication
-

pushing
metadata (putting info in
Wikipedia)
, links, and services; search engine optimization



interoperability with the Web



how to
configure institutional repositories so crawlers (Google) can find our stuff.

Outside
-
in vs. inside
-
out
. Look at: uniqueness and stewardardship/scarcity

demonstrated

in a grid. We
have focused on books e
-
databa
s
es (outside
-
in). Special Collections (inside
-
out) are highly stewarded and
unique. The stuff in between are new forms of scholarly output (institutional repositories), eprints, video
being pushed out, etc.
These are generally for the campus use but also av
ailable to the world.
Outside
-
in
(bought licensed): increased consolidation, move to licensed, move to user
-
driven models, coming
together of licensed and print metadata workflows. In
si
de out: Institutional assets, special collections,
research and learnin
g materials


we need to make them more important and accessible.

From collection to whole library
. Search box searches everything (Primo). But how do we add the whole
library? Research guides, information on our own web pages.

Remodeling.

VIAF
clusters i
nformation, provides URIs, linked data. Schema.org approach, BIBFRAME.
How to mark up resources to make them more useful.

Exploit the network of connections, e.g.
knowledge graphs in Wikipedia or Google. We need to describe things and make them linkable in

different, interesting ways.

mapFAST is an example


what library has a book I am interested in.


Judy.

Role of Technical Services in changing role of libraries. She has a diagram with
past
-
to
-
futu
re models for
service, collections
,

discovery, access,
perpetuity.

Details will vary depending on purpose of the library
(public, academic, etc.) E
.
g. Discovery: local discovery tools, controlled vocabulary, consumptive
research, national/international discovery tools, interoperable vocabulary and access, cons
umptive & non
-
consumptive research, share and non
-
siloed discovery tools, linked data


dynamically generated
metadata, enhanced tools for consumptive and non
-
consumptive research. In a meeti
ng with faculty at U
of Chicago, interest
was for local access of

resources, not interested in discovery tools


catalog info is
fine, not very focused on services because they know what they need (they think). Students don’t care if
we own it as long as they get it, they valued services and role of spaces to interact w
ith each other, 24
-
access, both rowdy and quiet spaces. Donors highly value locally held collections.
There needs to be an
investment in technology, not just the hardware, but use of it. Discovery tools have to intellectually
valuable. We need to articulat
e needs to funding agencies.

So what does this mean for technical
services? Need to manage a wide range of resources


print and discovery tools. Need flexibility in
staffing.
Exercise s
hared responsibilities


in and outside library (institutional reposit
ories).
Develop n
ew
skills. Technical Services is no longer a backroom function.

Technical Services provides analytical support
for the resources we are providing for front
-
end use.


Lorcan wonders if there can be shared responsibility of e
-
books and other

digital resources rather like we
share payment for licensed journals. One library mentioned decreased staff in traditional acquisitions but
increasing staff in metadata management

and supporting discoverability

as a trend.
Technical Services
need to make
resources findable, whether physically processing a book or creating metadata in a way a
web site finds it that users are using.

Aren’t we beyond find, identify, select


beyond FRBR (I still think it
is outdated). We need to facilitate the finding. How do

we improve reference service with the work
technical services does. BIBFRAME is going to improve accessibility.

Technical Services also needs to
work more closely with IT.
We think about serving individuals but we need to also think about servicing
the “m
achines”, e.g. switching to BIBFRAME from MARC. Work in digital projects, technical services
knows what kind of metadata scheme and standards would make those materials most findable and
useful.
Technical Services staff need to be on teams working with fac
ulty on digital projects.


E
-
resources problems
and solutions

There are more interdependences than ever and it is all dependent on metadata (e.g. metadata we get
for Gale One in Primo)

Issues: Incomplete data: content provided does not set all holdings to a knowledge base, e
-
resources
silently disappear from library inventory, access may be given for the new title when a title changes or
when there is a new edition of an e
-
book, perpetua
l access also means we need perpetual access related
to the resource.

The metadata needs to be standardized so they

don’t

differ for the

same resources
-

the user is
presented
with what looks like different resources but it is for the same article.

KBart


Knowledge
B
ases and Related Tools


join
t

UKSG and NISO project. Aim to develop a
recommended practice to ensure the timely transfer of accurate data to knowledge bases, ERMs, etc.
Their recommendations specify metadata elements, file structure mea
ns of data transfer and frequency
of updates.

They are working updating the recommendations with Phase 2.

What can libraries do? We need to communicate better within our institution and with others in the
supply chain

and other libraries using the products
. When purchasing e
-
resources, bring metadata into
the conversation, d
i
scuss with publishers the necessity for perpetual supply of metadata

and KBart. We
need to be able to explain why we need the metadata. In effect, it can make their product better (bett
er
sales?) We need metadata requirements in our licenses and that metadata be available to a discovery
resource of our choice (i.e. EBSCO should provide to Primo). Document your entitlements carefully. Take
snapshots of your holdings data


you will be sur
prised


and back up your data. Don’t assume the
knowledge base provider is doing this for you.
KBart hasn’t been picked up by very many publishers


what is the roadblock for them?


Global Open Knowledgebase (GOKb)


will be a freely available data repos
itory that will contain key
publication information about electronic resources as it is represented… It is being by a team of people of
OLE, JISC, etc. It will contain publisher data, package information, standard licenses. It will identify
national licens
es (i.e. Australain and US versions may be different)

It looks like what you see in the SFX
knowledge base


package characteristics.


What keeps you up at night? Much of the discussion was on staffing compensation, knowledge levels,
upward mobility.


Gale filed for bankruptcy?

What does getting a subscription to HathiTrust do for you? (I heard you can print more pages but you
still can’t get access to copyrighted books). If you have access, do you keep or toss your print? Columbia
would still keep prin
t.


1
2:0
0
-
4
:00

MCP E351




NISO Forum


http://www.niso.org/new
s/events/2013/ala2013/nisobisgforum/


Presentations will be on web page.


Digital content REQUIRES interoperability to function. NISO are neutral partners working standards
issues. NISO feeds US concerns into ISO.

Whither bibliographic data?

MARC is really

efficient. Many technological things we use were created before we landed on the moon.
Metadata is exchanged by many players


publishers, libraries, etc. We just don’t all use the same
metadata


e.g. ONIX vs. MARC

There is a movement now towards linked
data. Is it sufficient?

Any new ILS needs

to be
:

Demonstrably cheaper

More effective for discovery and use

Make staff more efficient

OR the ILS become non
-
operable or non
-
interoperable

NISO has initiated a bibliographic roadmap project.

Some issues:
semantics, interoperability, economics, rules, provenance/authority, staffing/training, users.

They are trying to avoid multiple competing standards
.

“If you don’t know

where you are going you won’t get there”


Metadata/Linked data: guiding folks to our re
sources


Richard Wallis


OCLC

Where are our users? They aren’t looking our catalogs or even browsing the stacks. They are more likely
in the café or in their dorm users.
80% of users search from search engines (Google)



not Google
Scholar or Google Book
s

Wikipedia and Google now present Knowledge Graphs with a collection of facts using linked data.

We aren’t in Google because Google doesn’t understand MARC
,

ISBD, OAI
-
PMH, RDA, Z39.50

So OCLC, using Schema.org, embedded data with RDFa with links to Dewey
and LCSH, LCNAF, DOI,
VIAF, FAST. In Worldcat.org you can see the linked data. These are things not strings.

Data available via Content
-
Negotiation: RDF/XML, JSON
-
LD, Turtle, Triples



now it is 2 clicks in Google
to get to WorldCat.org

When you click belo
w “library near you” there are links through FAST, and ? data from Wikipedia and
other resources are assembled and presented to the user.

Including the schema.org vocabulary has increased the retr
ie
vability of library resources. It isn’t designed
to excha
nge data like we do with MARC. The web uses it.

Schema bib extend community group. The mission is to discuss and

make

proposal
s

for extending
schema.org schemas for the improved presentation.

BIBFRAME goal is to make bibliographic description as part of th
e web. Schema.org and BIBFRAME are
compl
i
mentary


they have their own structure and vocabularies and the information can be taken from
either one because the bibliographic data is part of the web.

MARC data is too much


users want just enough to decide
if it’s what they want

Libraries have handled materials of all types.

Our data has to be visible on the web of data so Google knows we have it. We need to be registered in
the network.

We are moving from cataloging to
htt
p://catalinking

The author is a link to naf or VIAF, the subject id
http://id.loc.gov

We need to reassert our role as a discoverable resource for all materials


in the Web; we need to “look
important” to Google crawlers.

Card catalogs were initially designed so librarians could find their books


not for users.



E
-
Book discovery and requir
e
ments for Metadata

Summon



John Law



50% of libraries resources are now digital but less than half of users don’t know how to find e
books.
Need to optimize e
-
book discovery


broad content coverage, relevance, match and merge, full
-
text
search, features to meet user expectations, accurate metadata, direct linking

HathiTrust does
full
-
text indexing


you sudden
ly realize you have the bo
ok you need already on your
shelf

What’s driving need for better e
-
book discovery? Collections are volatile, acquisitions models are
chan
ging

(PDA), new things to manage


license, trial, change from PDA to held, disconnected
management and discovery


results in duplication of data entry and endless loading of records.

Libific


automate process of retrieving metadata from publishers to librar
ies
. So rather than cataloging
and bringing in records, the Summon software “exposes” titles you have acquired or packages you’ve
purchased. The problem is publisher’s metadata is too often incorrect. (Sounds similar to OCLC but with
OCLC you use the “bett
er” OCLC record


not the publisher’s
)
.


User access to e
-
books

EPUB
-
3 standard for representing
,

packaging
,

and encoding structured and semantically enhanced web
content. See BISG policy statement Pol
-
1201 Ebook sales is growing dramatically for fiction;
non
-
fiction
and children’s books is still more highly in print. Non
-
fiction, non
-
immersive often lends itself to only
reading a portion or non
-
linear reading, e.g. cookbook. EPUB
-
3 grid is designed to say what is displayed
how on multiple devices. Because

of the multiple devices publishers often issue titles in different file
formats. It assess things like paging (some don’t retain printed pagings), things that need to stay
together vs
.

just flowing text from screen to screen, e.g. graphs, mathematical formulas, kids illustrated
books; support for different file formats (RTF, Word, etc.); screen pinching, audio and video support.


Accessibility.

Libraries don’t know what file formats
work on what readers. For those with special needs this is very
difficult. Benetech works with vendors on accessibility, things like JAWS, Read2Go, braille notetakers,
(Digital Accessible Information System) talking books which contains one or more digital

audio files;
handles highly structured content; bookmarking; choices for print or audio or both; highlighting text while
listening for dyslexics
. EPUB 3 supports HTML5 which has a better semantic structure, better separation
of content and style; supports

mathML (math XML); provides different modes of access to visual
information in an image; tactile graphics, text/audio descriptions, etc. In some cases you can find closed
captioning in Google


try

moon landing


by Neil deGrasse Tyson; checkout a11ymetad
ata.org.


Ithaka S+R reports are showing increased use of ebooks by faculty for reading but not the same use in
classes. Use various in the humanities and sciences. See latest reports.



5:30
-
7:00

MCP




Exhibits open

Picked up some books

and v
isited the
Ex Libris booth.



7:30
-
9:30
PM

H
yatt
RM
-
Clark 22
AB


SAC RDA

(was DuSable 21A)

Notes

Friday, June 28, at 7:30 in Clark 22AB, Hyatt Regency McCormick Place
(
http://ala13.ala.org/node/10892
).


We

discuss
ed

Tony’s pap
er, which will be discussed at SAC Monday and in CC:DA by e
-
mail after ALA.

We want to emphasize need to add genre
.
John Attig thinks we need to wait for IFLA to add something
for genre but some of us don’t want to wait as long as this is likely to take.

John provided additional
comments which were included in document send to SAC.



SATURDAY


J
une 29


D
iane
H
illmann



we can already migrate MARC to XML/RDF


why bother with BIBFRAME
?

A comment
to her email noted it is not OWL


8:30
-
10:00

MCP
-
N132



Ex Libris


Hiding in plain Cite:
the growing
importance of content neutrality in library discovery services


Speakers:

Amira Aaron

-

Associate Dean @ Northeastern University Libraries

Wally Grotophorst

-

AUL @ George Mason University Libraries

Lisa
O'Hara

-

Head of Discovery and Delivery Services @ University of Manitoba Libraries

Todd Carpenter

-

Managing Director @ NISO
Roger Schonfeld

-

Program Director, Libraries, Users, and Scholarly Practices
@

Ithaka S+R



Data
/content

neutrality in discovery

N
ISO is working on open discovery standards.

Lisa O

Hara said it was painful to watch their students with their original discovery system. Then tried
Summon, now there are doing Primo and again did usage studies. Students absolutely love. EBSCO title
use we
nt up and resources are getting used more than before.

Amira Aaron
(Northeastern U)


discovery is not just an add
-
on. It IS our interface. Discovery systems
don’t replace native content interface with researchers but Primo is great for undergraduates.
We

can’t
load all the bib records for things like HathiTrust but selecting Primo, you’ve got it.

Wally George Mason University


Primo was disruptive for librarians, not users.

Todd (NISO) original approach by discovery services was how fast the servers fo
und something to show
users. Now we pre
-
index and prepare a better result set.


What does content neutrality mean?

Todd


pro
v
iding equal access to a community from a variety services from a variety of directions. Not
everyone has the same rights. NISO is

trying to work with vendors to understand the need for access.

Wally


it is similar to issues with various personal internet or
TV

providers


Netflix slower or restricted.
Same thing happens in the discovery layer. Ex: Student seeking a
PDF

dissertati
on
. Only found the print,
but w
e
n
t to a different library and found a pdf from their services. Their discovery service can’t pull from
their digital database (Diss
ertation
Abs
tracts
)

The problems started when the providers decided to add discovery systems instead of allowing us to just
buy the content. It affects how other discovery systems ranking and relevance works.

Lisa


we want to provide links to our resources wherever the stud
ent may be working


i.e. in Libguides,
Blackboard. Licenses shouldn’t restrict that. We need to be aggressive in insisting we can do that model.

Todd


the resources need to be discoverable which leads to use which affects the vendors’ business
model. We
need negotiate with that in mind


API access
.

Lisa


API really is doing meta
-
search whereas Primo is doing relevance and other features from the
start. Important to make people log in before they start.
The Ex Libris server is doing the work; you
would h
ave to do a lot of work to maintain.

Amira


API doesn’t have facets.

Wally


usually slower and no control over order of result sets. It can’t scale and we’d be back to the
metasearch environment we didn’t like.


Is the license where we make the impact?

Amira


has anyone seen language that says we can use the resource in the discovery service of our
choice. We need to raise the issue. It doesn’t make sense that we buy something we can’t display. Usage
will diminish and then we may not renew the resource.

Vendors need to understand content neutrality
would actually benefit their business model.


Do we feel we understand how the vendors’ content affects relevancy or ranking.

Amira


it is hard but we need to understand so we know to boost the resource, not
the aggregator.
When the metadata is thinner for discovery services other than the vendor’s own proprietary system
,
we
don’t know what we are getting or not
. It seems we are the users. It doesn’t seem right that we don’t
have the control. (Veiled criticism

of EBSCO).

Wally


on the other hand Google does its own boosting.

Todd


but with Google and Bing and Yahoo


you can do the same search and see what they are doing.
You have to be able to look at multiple discovery services and compare in the same way

with your needs
in mind, but you can’t do that. In the past for an A&I service we asked for a list of titles indexed. With
these content providers we get no similar information.


Usage

Amira
-
We base our collection development decisions based on usage an
d the way discovery systems are
allowed to

be

handled and what happens when you use facets, the statistics are bogus.


One vendor said he is frustrated that he can’t tell whether his stuff is actually being indexed well in the
various discovery services. T
he problem is the license is with the aggregator, not the content provider.


Knowing the level of the metadata is crucial.
The aggregators may have some level of metadata
standards but we don’t know what they are doing.


Yale said they insisted that thei
r metadata must be discoverable in discovery services

when they
negotiated contracts
. They require the ability to see how the discovery system does relevancy and how it
ranks their metadata.


Oren


another consideration is the author’s wishes. The vendor’s aren’t communicating with them but
faculty often need to know how much their works are cited and used.





10:30
-
12:00

MCP
-
N132



Ex Libris


A day in the life of an e
-
resource
librarian us
ing Alma


Speakers:

Barbara Rad
-
El

-

Senior Librarian @ Ex Libris Group

Carmit Marcus

-

Director of Product Management @ Ex Libris Group



Betsy


U
niversity

of Minn
esota not going live

til Dec. Too much doesn’t work for them. The whole
deleting items, can’t deal with group orders, no NLM or GOVD class reports (also no local)


Primo search widget. It has status and publishing job list if I am a system librarian. I would want for CFL


not just ODIN.

Adding portfolios is under resource management.

Can either work from the drop down list of options available to me or use the Qui
cklinks at the top of the
screen in the menu bar.

To place an e
-
resource order, check the community zone. If we already have it, the “building” institution
icon will show the packages we have it in. in the Institution (Library) Zone, the “people” icon disp
lays.
There are 90,000 CONSER records (Betsy says not always good



[wouldn’t OCLC records be better?]
) in
the community zone.


Select Electronic Collection to see or place order a package. A dropdown is available to searching. Click in
community zone to
Order and it will take you back to my library zone. I chose a purchase type and then
select what library I am ordering it for. I can have templates set up for a vendor. I create to order and a
screen displays with a variety of tabs with various work option
s. I can see license information, check
balance in the budget I want to use. I chose “save and continue” In the task list, once I have ordered a
title, the task list will add that someone needs to activate it (saying “unassigned”)
.

Once I click that it
kno
ws it is me taking care of the order/activation.
Conforms to the DLF early standard (note “early”

supposedly all 69 options available


listserv libraries say no).

I can look at a license and see the
packages using that license. From the task list, I can
see what needs activating. A dropdown shows
options including activate. When I click that it takes me to a screen with step numbers at the top to make
sure I carry out all the steps (like ordering online that tracks the steps 1
-
2
-
3). I activate the package

and
each title. It will put these titles in the institution (library) zone using bibs from the community zone.

What happens if
it is
not in the Community zone nor is there a license

-

y
ou can add a local portfolio (list
of titles)


under Create inventory

in Resources management. There is an option to say if you want to
add the package in a way that if later it shows up in SFX it will know you want to link your local package
to the new SFX package (what if you don’t name it the same?)

I
n an e
-
book package,

we can select titles individually. They are using bibs from vendors


the example
displayed had all 650_4


not 650_0

[wouldn’t OCLC records be better?]
. These bibs may be augmented
with large contents notes.

If titles in packages change, Ex Libris asks v
endors to notify them of adds, deletes, changes, then the
packages will automatically be updated.

Supports trials (before order) and evaluations (already own but need to decide on renewal). Can specify
people to review the trial and submit “survey” form. I

can define questions and specify content, or
interface, and ask for yes
-
no or a scale.

The questions that

have used before are in a pool so I can re
-
use
them in a new survey.

Once they respond, the Analysis tab shows re
s
ponses in an average.

At the end
yo
u can enter your decisions. For a trial you place an order in Alma, but when you make the decision to
really buy, you notify the vendor.

There is a PDA profile (patron driven). I chose things like thresholds (3 views in Pr
i
mo creates an order).
The vendor
will send invoice marked PDA. Then import EOD (order) as part of PDA and import repository
as part of PDA (i.e. in Primo)

Reporting


Alma analytics, Catalog, Shared folders. Alma is from Ex Libris, UND University is ones I have
created,
the
Community

zone

is other libraries created if they make it shareable. Even if created
elsewhere, I see my data.

Can do top LC classification and top subjects search of inventory for e
-
resou
r
ces. Not sure how useful
that really is. There is a “save as” with Ex libris rep
orts so I can add parameters, then save for me.

There is no NLM and SUDOC (plus no local number).

Decentralized ordering (e.g. UND and UNE buy) will be available by the end of the year


Betsy says it
isn’t working for U of Minn which is one system.

There
are unlimited notes and they are searchable.





1:00
-
2
:30

INTER
-
Seville East


MAGIRT


Maps & RDA


There is going to be an RDA cataloging webinar July 22, 1pm central

https://ala.adobeconnect.com/e4so1gw0qic/event/registration.html


The powerpoint will be at

http://magirt.ala.libguides.com/trainingsandpresentations


There will be a chart with all
the combinations of 366
-
368’s for maps

$e


(see magirt libguide page)

Authors


author
,

cartographer
,

designer

Corp.


Producer
,

sponsoring body


Ca. or approx. now approximately

Spell out color

Cm no period

Don’t put scale in brackets


scale
approximately ###


Scale is core. It must be a representative fraction. If is verbal, 1 in
.

to 4 miles, multiply 63,360 by 4.


See video on
Y
o
uT
ube “natural scale indicator” with Susan Moore
.

First determine the type of unit, e.g.

Line up the top of the s
cale with the unit. But if you have something an inch is 100 then multiply the
number shows on the scale by 100.


Exercise: top line at beginning of scale bar. It lined up with about 1
70,000

at the 10 mile mark or so, so

17
5,000

x 10

equals approximately 1
:1,750,000



3:00
-
4:
3
0

MCP
-
S100c



ALA Council/exec bd/membership info

President
-
Elect’s report


#29.1

Presidential initiative
:

Libraries Changes Lives
. A
Declaration for the Right to Libraries

has been developed
to serve as a strong public statement of the value of libraries for individuals, communities, and our
nation.
We need to get it signed in local chapters.

A second area of Libraries Change Lives focuses on literacy. We know that
libraries are fundamental
literacy


young children developing a love of readings, older adults lear
n
ing digital literacy, immigrants
participating in English classes and conversations, students developing the skills of information literacy,
individuals le
arning financial literacy, fam
i
lies enjoying literacy activities together.


Report to Council and Executive Board


Keith Michael Fields


CD 23.1

He commented on the work of the Digital Content Working Group which is working on library e
-
book
lending.

439

programs and 984 meetings scheduled for this conference.

Mary Biblo asked why
there are
no more paper petitions to be councilor
-
at
-
large. Keith noted that 75%
percent are currently being done online.


http://www
.ala.org/liberty

info
rmation
on
section
215 section the Patriot Act


Endowment Trustees report
-

#16.1

A number of items listed in the report indicate the probability the income will drop in the coming months.

However, returns have been running at 8.4%.

The trustees look at the returns index at every meeting.
They look at the asset allocation category to select a broad range of types of investments. They believe
equities will be less risky than bonds along with the Fed’s announcement on slowing down for
bond
purchases.

There is an analysis of the fossil fuel report and document forwarded to BARC.



#16.2

Calculated if we divested in the 3 funds currently held and what we’d earn if we used clean alternative
energy sources.

Two personal members spoke agains
t ALA investing in fossil fuels.


BARC

There is a projected deficit in the general fund. Divisions and Round Tables in are in good financial
shape. The projected deficit is 1.9 million. If Chicago does well it could close the gap between revenue
and expens
es. Publishing is down and we were probably too optimistic in projecting book sales. 7%
expense reductions were taken across all units of ALA. That includes limited staff compensation including
a 10% cut and a reduction in staff for ALA.
In 2012 ALA had a
1.3 deficit that was to be covered by net
asset balance. ALA budget for 2013 planned to replenish that with $300,000 but the shortfall made that
impossible.

(So we have no cushion) More cuts will be made to budgets for small divisions.


Treasurers report
-

#13

Reporting at this meeting is on strategic issues and financial trends. Political environments are not
supportive of libraries. There is increased globalization of policy debates


e.g. WIPO. We have seen
massive changes in the publishing industry wit
h more focus on licensed resources. Our 3 sources


dues,
publishing, conferences


are all dropping. We need to invest in technology and systems that allow us to
be as productive as possible. We must look beyond core business


new products and new marke
ts:
electronic publishing, online education, more direct interactions with the public and library users.

Expect 1.9 million drop in publishing and 1.7 in grants. We see a reduction in the 2014 budget down to
28.8 million.

Holding open 33 vacant
positions
.


4:30
-
5:30

MCP
-
S100c



ALA
candidates ; Membership meeting

Resolution on fossil fuels was voted down. The 2
nd

resolved indicated we would support communities
affected by fossil fuels if the fossil fuel companies began to fail because we discontinue investment in
their companies.
Note:
This made no sense. So ALA would compensate Williston for empty apartments if
t
he oil field workers left
?

As a councilor and personally I support efforts to move to a greener earth but
there is nothing ALA can financially support. I voted against it.



6:00
-
8:0
0

HRM
-
BR C&D




Ex Libris reception


I a
ttended.



SUNDAY


J
une 30


7:30
-
8:30

MCP Lakeside BR (E354a)

OCLC breakfast


OCLC
is
partnering in IMLS funding and information services to help people sign up for the Affordable
Care Act. OCLC now has access to 14.5 million e
-
books.

OCLC signed agreement with Family Search to
load
bib records from their resources and will show a genealogical research center near them in
WorldCat.org. In
the
Digital Public Library OCLC will be attributed to in bib records
(a

project in
cooperation with HathiTrust and OCLC). mapFAST now has an app to find a library near you for all bibs in
OCLC. Checkout
http://www.oclc.org/research

Soon will start testing IFM in the new ILL. Over

10,000
libraries will be moving to the new interface. 18,857 libraries are moving to the new FirstSearch. OCLC is
using apache hbase (open source)


it is now processing 30 times faster (i.e. no longer Oracle).
WorldShare Management (WMS)


122 libraries
up. Collections manager is now available. Record
manager is in pilot (cataloging)


8:30
-
11:00

MCP



S100c



ALA Council I

(or
-
11:30)

IMLS funding

is available

to help libraries provide information on the new Affordable Care Act.
Message
from Obama video
viewed. Changes such as well
-
care checkups free, kids can stay on parents plan
longer, you can get insurance through online interfaces. People need to sign up and libraries have
internet access to provide access to healthcare.gov.


Committee on committees
-

#12

Nominees listed.


Review of actions since ALA Midwinter 2013 meeting
-

#15

All actions completed.


Implementation of the 2013 actions. #9

One thing they are working on is revising the organization/institution

membership package.


Digital Content and

Libraries Working Group
-

#30

Highlights: All of the 6 big publishers are working with libraries


maybe not in ideal but they are aware
of iss
ues for libraries. Authors for L
ibraries
E
book campaign is being launched. Accessibility group will
report in t
he next months. Work is also going forward on business models for school libraries, a group on
privacy and ethics, and preservation.


Resolutions.

Support of Whistleblower Edward Snowden.
#39

No policy implications though background support is from ALA pol
icy.

[Be it] r
esolved that ALA recognizes Edward Snowden as a whistleblower who, in releasing information
that documents government attacks on privacy, free speech, and freedom of association, has performed
a valuable service in launching a national dialo
gue about transparency, domestic surveillance, and over

classification.

Council a
pproved

a

motion to refer.


Resolution reaffirming ALA’s commitment to basic
l
iteracy
-

#37

Resolved that ALA, on behalf its members:



Reaffirms and supports the principle that

lifelong literacy is a b
a
sic right for all individual in our
society and is essential to the welfare of the nation;



Reaffirms the core value of basic literacy as foundational for people of all ages and is the building
block for developing other literacies
;



Encourages appropriate ALA units and Divisions to actively participate in the Association’s
Literacy Assembly; and



Urges appropriate ALA units and libraries of all types to make basic literacy a high priority by
incorporating literacy initiatives into
programs and services for all users

Approved


Resolution


declaration for the right to libraries resolution #40

Resolved that ALA, on behalf of its members:

Endorses the Declaration for the right to Libraries; and

Urges that the America’s Right to Librari
es Campaign be given ALA’s highest staff priority and support to
engage libraries and communities across the country in signing the Declaration for the Right to Libraries

Approved


NDLA SUPPORT
AND SIGN
?

At MPLA? More information will be out soon.
At
Chapt
er Relations Committee
T
he libraries change lives declaration naming processes will be mapped, goal is to count signatures and
map them.... both physical and virtual signatures will be counted.

A
LA store may create posters.

Libraries Change Lives Declaration will launch in July w a campaign, national signing and a toolkit.

A week in October will be designated for signing ceremonies at schools.


Resolution on Library Service to the Community in a Natural Disaster #41

Resolve
d
, that the American Library Association

(ALA), on behalf of its members:



Recognizes the significant contributions of
libraries and library staff who have provided effective
emergency response/recovery services, and responded to the needs of their communit
ies
following hurricanes Sandy and Irene in ways that go above and beyond the regular call of duty;



Continues to encourage libraries to continue research documenting library needs and capacity to
provide effective e
-
government

and emergency response/recove
ry services as an essential part
of library missions;



Shall direct a letter acknowledging the work and contributions of libraries and library staff to the
State Chapters in the affected states of New York, New Jersey, Vermont and Connecticut to be
passed o
n to the appropriate parties


Comments


one library getting named as a first responder in a disaster; bookmobiles were only internet
access in Hurricane Sandy

Needs rewriting


moved to
C
ouncil II



Resolution


fossil fuels
-

#42

Resolved
, that the American Library Association, on behalf of its members:

Directs its endowment trustees to begin divesting in the fossil fuel industry by excluding our three
holdings in the “Filthy Fifteen” named in the Endowment Trustees’ Information Report t
o BARC that have
“little or no significant negative impact” in the short term on ALA.

Urge libraries, in addition to collecting and providing information on the environment, to take steps in
assisting our communities in a peaceful transition to fossil
-
free

energy sources, especially those
communities whose economic well
-
being are heavily, if not completely, dependent on fossil fuels.

Postponed


Resolution on Prayer in ALA meetings
-

#44

Resolved
, that the American Library Association adopts as policy, the
following statement:

The American Library Association, as a secular institution in a country that is increasingly diverse
religiously, refrains from having public prayers
--
or moments of silence substituting as prayers
--
during its
meetings. Such prayers
give the implicit message of excluding those who do not share the beliefs and an
implicit message that ALA sponsors or supports those beliefs.

Moments of silence should be observed
during meetings only to honor a specific person or event.



Resolution Comm
ending the Freedom to Read Foundation (FTRF) for Defending Videogames
-

#47

Resolved that the American Library Association:



Com
mends the FTRF for recognizing videogames as a non
-
print medium in libraries worthy of
First Amendment protections;



Continues to
support the FTRF

in defense of libraries when presented with challenges to
videogames included in gaming collections;



Continues to support the FTRF and support Game
-
RT so that it may be a “force for initiating and
supporting game programming in libraries;



Continues to stand by the Freedom to RTRF in alignment with the researchers, politicians and
institutions that challenge unscientific studies attributing violent behavior in videogames.

Approved



Draft resolution on Digitation of U.S. Government Document
s
-

#49

Resolved that the ALA, on behalf of its members:



Supports and encourages the preservation of Federal Depository Libraries paper collections



Opposes policies that would results in the destruction of FLD paper collections



Supports technologies that
guarantee long
-
term, robust, verifiable, complete accurate, authentic,
preserv
a
ble, and usable digital formats;



Work with the Government Printing Office and the FDL community on developing procedures to
authenticate and ingest digital content into FDsys
digitization that come from FDL libraries and
federal agencies; and



Supports the creation of an inventory of digitized government publications with records that
include information on quality, completeness, accuracy, features, availability, limitations, co
sts,
utility, and trusted preservation, and provide links to records in OCLC and GPO’s Catalog of U.S.
Government Publications to that libraries can download batch MARC metadata

Refer to Committee on Legislation and the FDLP Task Force




1
0
:
3
0
-
11
:
3
0

MCP
-
E352



BIBFRAME

Update Forum


A video should be on LC website

1)


Welcome; BIBFRAME in the Library of Congress context
--
Roberta I. Shaffer, Associate Librarian of
Congress for Library Services

2) BIBFRAME with RDA WEMI and BIBFRAME profiles
--
Eric Miller,
President, Zepheira

3) Reports from Community experimenters:

Jeremy Nelson, Metadata/Systems Librarian, Colorado College

Experimenting

with Bibframe & Redis

Vinod Chachra, President and CEO, VTLS
--
BIBFRAME experimentation, linked data navigation and future

OPACs

Jean Godby, Senior Research Scientist, OCLC Research
--
BIBFRAME and schema.org



The Bibliographic Framework Initiative (BIBFRAME) is a major community challenge to provide an
alternative to the deeply embedded MARC formats that will be more compatib
le with the Web and
Internet environment that offers new

opportunities to leverage information. The
program speakers will
address m
ultiple facets of the development
--

how it
fits into the major thrusts of
Library of Congress
programs and how it will atte
mpt to span the different data models of the library and related
communities. Two institutions that are experimenting with the general model have

been asked to report,
along wi
th a discussion of its relationship to schem
a.org, the recent search engine
atte
mpt at
standardization.


Shaffer

-

LC plans for the future and how BIBFRAME fits in.

It is critical to the success of all their other
p
rojects:

Knowledge navigators and human capital planning is a project to support researchers.

World Digital Library, science.gov and other multi
-
partner global programs. There are a number of global
projects LC is collaborating in.

Social media / big data / non
-
traditional resources


we shouldn’t really label anything non
-
traditional
because ever
y type of resource is necessary for research.

BIBFRAME


the internet of things, research, and commerce

Digital resources (ingest and conversion)


print activities are going to be sub
-
ordinated to digital
resou
r
ces, but it may take 10 years

One
-
library
website development


going to be using a faceted search and a fully integrated website

Center of Knowledge Reading Room and Learning Center.

A project to bring together their reading rooms
because we are in a trans
-
disciplinary world.



Eric Miller


Zeph
ira



accommodating rule sets like RDA and profiles


“BIBFRAME community profiles”

Trying to accommodate a range of “rules” not just one set of “rules” (i.e. not just RDA)

BIBF aims to re
-
envision and implement a new bibliographic environment for librarys

that makes the
network central and makes interconnectedness commonplace. Need to be robust enough to deal with 40
years ago and 40 years into the future for memory organizations (libraries, museums, archives,
publishers) for users can use them all. Annota
tion will assist the power of human computing. Work is
based on recombinant data.
We need to build up from simple building blocks to bigger building blocks.
A
community profile can be used to assemble them for a particular use. They can still be recombined

into
different uses.

Community profiles
(
is this on the
BIBFRAME.org

page somewhere?
)

BIBFRAME is trying to take WEMI to a WEMI profiles to BIBFRAME in RDF graphs.

Check BIBFRAME navigator

They have tried using MARC records and VRA records to create an
integrated interface of the two to
present to users.


Using profiles allows a particular community to define what they want to see


Community Profiles
represent a means for projecting local meaning into a common framework.


Nelson


has a site you can pla
y with


can I see web site on video?
http://discovery.coloradocollege.edu/apps/

They call their project, RE
DIS which is used in the naming.
They are able to use multiple vocabularies. He ingested
MARC21 records, MODS (digital commons),
Gutenberg records (in RDF with a custom RDF vocabulary).
Plan to test a couple of different user
interfaces using the same data with actual users.
They i
ntend to pull in data from other sources like
OpenLibrary, OCLC
, etc.


VTLS. Identified needed abilities: support linked records, support B
IBFRAME

model, display hierarchical
records. Create d
atabase

to support B
IBFRAME

? Need to be able to handle MARC and BF XML records at
the same time. In a metadata ma
nagement

sys


you need to be able to ingest, export, edit. How do we
implement B
IBFRAME.

They chose to use the ISAD model rather than FRBR. FRBR is too rigid. Items can
only be attached at the lowest level. ISAD can skip levels. They used
identifiers e.g. [BIBFRA
ME WORK]

which opens up record with linked authorities. Then there is an annotation attached to those records


internal or external


(looks like book cover and Amazon like descriptions)

At their test side there is a
visualizer to show how are the links a
re working.

What we are doing with BF has to be woven into the fabric of the internet

See final slide


Jean Godby


OCLC

BIBFRAME and SCHEMA.org being used by search engine suppliers

There is a report they have released on

BIBRAME listserv and at OCLC
:

Go
dby, Carol Jean. 2013. The Relationship between BIBFRAME and the Schema.org 'Bib Extensions'
Model: A Working Paper. Dublin, Ohio: OCLC Research

http://www.oclc.org/content/dam/research/publications/library/2013/2013
-
05.pdf


Why did OCLC chose to work in
Schema.org


need to increase visibility of library resources in the major
search engines, +, +

Initial release of 1.2 mil records with Linked Data markup based on Schema.org. There are links to
authority data.

Began by trying to work strictly in Schema.or
g vocabularies. Then identify vocabularies that need to be
added to the Schema.org ontology.

Schema.org

is broad but very shallow. BIBF
RAME is a constellation of particular interested parties that
want a set of deep vocabularies but not very broad. Analyzing them shows at a high level, some terms
are similar though they don’t always mean the same thing, e.g. person and person.

Representa
tion of FRBR works and expressions in Schema.org


how to do this? There is an
experimenting group working on a SchemaBibEx


check slide

Some things OCLC has been able to model in a different way than Schema.org

They have determined they need to drill do
wn in data; move beyond the Dublin Core
-
like description of
Schema.org

http://www.W3.org/community/schmabibex







1:00
-
2
:
3
0

MCP
-
E350



RDA Update Forum

Notes


Panelists will provide updates to RDA as well as resources to consult for future updates
after
implementation. Scheduled presenters include: Beacher Wiggins (Library of Congress), Phil Schreur
(Chair PCC), Glenn Patton (OCLC), John Attig (JSC update), and Troy Linker (ALA Publishing).

MARC

250 repeatable

008/20 new music values

028 parse qualifying
info for the identifier then ended up looking at 015, 024, 027

Authority

368


other at
t
ri
but
es of person and corporate body


added person and a $d for title of person

www.loc.gov/marc/RDAinMARC.html


Reconciled MARC relator terms with the RDA list; 38 terms added and 2 deprecated; reconciled terms for
concept favoring the RDA term and included the unused terms as references; revised definitions to
reconcile RDA and MARC using the RDA definitions; adde
d relationships between broader and narrower
terms

FRBR and BIBFRAME levels indicated in the Linked Data Service (ID) version via collections

RDA appen
dix

I terms specified in ID

General
RDA

role types indicated via ID collections, e.g. creator, contribut
or, manufacturer, etc
.

Linkage with DC terms maintained

http://www.loc.gov/marc annmarcrdarelators.html

http://www.loc.gov/m
arc/relators/tn13053143l.html


Linked data service view:
http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators

http://www.loc.gov/marc/relators


Library of Congress

The

3 national libraries have moved to RDA. All LC records are now RDA. 400 staff were trained. There
are some specialized areas still looking at how they will apply RDA

They are taking steps to remain in sync with PCC practices.

Music, Archives, Law

Correcte
d to RDA structure
-

370,000 authority records
; e
arlier 435,000.
It was a
ll done with Gary
Strawn’s assistance. LC then went through
full database
and updated
668,000 records to
RDA (finished in
June) Both bibliographic and authority records

have been redistributed
.


Please attribute that the records came from LC but otherwise free to use.

Policy and Standards Division is working on documentation to fine
-
tune it. Changes will be shared. Copy
Cataloging will accept what they find except author
ized entries will be checked/edited

Next big test with RDA in BIBFRAME and will be looking for testers again.

No determined timeframe,
although people are already trying to put bib data in BIBFRAME.

LC hasn’t made a decision like OCLC to add things like 33
6
-
337
-
338. May be only ad hoc unless a
program is developed that could be safely programmatically applied.


John Attig

Kathy Glennan will be the next ALA representative to JSC

RDA next release in July, then Nov.

May release: French and German translation
s are available to all users. All chapters are now reworded.
Fast track changes: relationship designat
ors. They are documented on JSC page 6
JSC
/
Sec/8 and
6JSC/Sec/9

Changes approved in Nov. by JSC will be in the July release along with fast track changes,
included typo
corrections, example corrections, and new relationship designators. Check the update history list of
significant changes in the Toolkit

RDA continuous revision process….


Proposals

Variant titles as variant access points

Instructions for tre
aties

Color content 7.17

Capitalization of hyphenated compounds (append
ix A
)

Substantial revision of Appendix K (relationship designators for relationships between person, families
and corporate bodies)

Changes based on new version of the Chicago Manual of

Style


Discussion papers

State
ment

of responsibility vs
.

performer, narration, presenter and artistic and/or technical credits


should these be given as statements of responsibility and access points

Machine
-
actionable data elements

Instructions for
describing relationships

Subjects in RDA


Kathy Glennan
is
next JSC representative.

http://www.rda
-
jsc.org/news.html

http://alcts.ala.org/ccdablog

kglennan@umd.edu

If you want CC:DA to discuss something contact a CC:DA member or liaison

The JSC meeting is Nov 4
-
9 so approved changes should come out in 2014

Subject analysis (how to consider creation of a subject)
should be in the RDA chapter on subject
relationships (26?)


OCLC


Glenn Patton

Revised OCLC Policy Statement came out Mar. 31.

http://www.oclc.org/en
-
US/rda/new
-
policy.html

RDA is not require
d;
W
orld
C
at continues to be a master record data
base
, policy attempts to look forward
to a post
-
MARC world; policy attempts to balance dual roles of WorldCat as a catalog and repository of
bibliographic data.

http://www.oclc.org/en
-
US/events/2013/rdawebinar041113.html

discusses the policy, hybrid records (
what can be added to AACR bibs), and

conversion plans


New macrobooks:

http://www.oclc.org/content/dam/oclc/connexion/oclc.mbk


READ
: technical bulletin 262

http://www.oclc.org/support/worldwide/en_us/services/worldcat/documentation/tb/262.html


Updating
W
orld
C
at

Updated versions of LC/NACO name authority re
c
o
r
ds distributed in March 2013

Updated versions of LCSH subject authority re
co
rds in
A
pril 2013

More than 2 million bib records with controlled headings were updated

Now working on updating access points that are not controlled


LC‘s revised records were no
t loaded into OCLC. Many records in OCLC had been revised by member
libraries so they instead are sticking to their original plans to revise certain types of records with certain
fields. When libraries had enhanced records with validation links, the record
s automatically updated so
the LC changes would be moot.


Most changes from technical bulletin 261 and 262 are no
w

in the Bibliographic Formats & Standards.
They are starting to include more RDA examples.


ht
tps://www.oclc.og/rda.en.html


Revisions to records will be announced in OCLC
-
CAT

Can email:

rdapolicy@oclc.org

askqc@oclc.org


OCLC looking at how Schema.org (general) can
work with BIBFRAME (more detailed)


Philip Schreur


PCC

SEE HANDOUT

3 of the task groups: Access Points for Expressions


PCC conform to LC practice as minimum but allow
careful catalogers judgment to included additional information; Hybrid Record Guideli
nes


usually not
desirable to recatalog bibs some RDA elements can be very positive and therefore identified
enhancements that can be added; Relationship Designators


recommend use of RDA but others may be
used.
The
y

will be se
tting up a mechanism for su
ggesting additional designators.

Task Group on Authorities in a non
-
MARC Environment

is a
ddressing identities in both an RDA and linked
data environment. Part 1


alternatives to undifferentiated name authorities. Authorities in a non
-
MARC
environment wi
ll require URI’s. This will involve resources outside the LC authorities. They are looking at
the role of faceted displays. They are also looking at how to identify relationship with again resources
outside our local environments.

LOOK FOR TG DESCRIPTION

All PCC records must have RDA access points

677 fields generally mean the e
ntry is not conformant with RDA

RDA series


email
f
or questions

series@indiana.edu


Troy Linker


RDA Toolkit

Rewording is complete

They document the RDA fast
-
track changes &
LC
-
PCC Policy Statement changes. The AACR2 in
Catalogers Desktop points to RDA which has AACR2 in it

The toolkit with have an upgraded workflow and map editor

Will add index back in

for AACR

Improve integration with the RDA registry

Will include other poli
cy statements (National Library of Australia)

Will improve bookmarks

Sales

are

up 169% over last year. Continues to run at a loss but expected to break even on a yearly basis
beginning 2015

Next print Sept. 2013

They are g
oing to experiment with an RDA ebo
ok. Links would work but not have PCC policy statements
and be updated annually. This would work on Kindle, Nook, etc.





1:00
-
5
:
3
0

MCP
-
Hall A,
meet
g
rm C

ALCTS By
-
laws & Constitution

After the RDA update forum I planned to catch up with this, but they
were gone. It is the committee I
will be attending next ALA.




4:30
-
5
:
3
0

MCP


E351



PCC Participants implementation 2012
-
12
-
16







"Where the Wild Things Are."


featuring four
innovative projects involving PCC institutions or members: Penn's VCAT and

facets, the latest
developments at ISNI, web archiving, and a linked data project focused on jazz.


Relationship designators and facets: vcat


Beth Picknally Camden

They continue to use $4 for some types of entries, e.g. Director, Producer, etc.

Their catalog can’t have
very many facets because it slows down the system. They made a separate catalog for 25,000 video
recordings because they needed more facets for $4. They used the set of $4’s they chose to always use
as facets and display a label f
or each, e.g. Director:

They will switch to RDA terms. They are going to use
style sheets to display

the new terms rather than changing the bibs.


ISNI


Thurston Young

International Standard Name Identifier

ISNI will support linked data.

OCLC (Leiden) is
responsible assignment agency.

ISO 20779


identifies public identities of all persons and organizations playing a role in created works

16
-
digit unique identifier

Acts as a bridge identifier across multiple doma
i
ns: rights m
anagement
, more accurate discovery services
spanning all domains, provide an infrastructure for generating links

It does b
ridging


matching following process in VIAF

6,531,791 assigned.

ISNI is d
oing matching using 3 or more VIAF sources matched
. Corrections are

made and fed back into
VIAF


Unique name


3,223,809

Linked data:
http://isni
-
url.oclc.nl/isni/

Schema.org can retrieve data with isni IDs

There is consideration of loading ISNIs into NACO with the British
Library responsible for management

ISNI is working with many different sources and different metadata


libraries, vendors, organizations,

etc
.

Isni is working on parallel developments for discrete audiences: researchers


articles theses, isni in
relation

to ORCID

(open researcher & contributor ID)
, institutional….., music

ETOC and other uncontrolled sources: the challenge


looking at 30 million articles and 90 million names

ORCID is alive people; there is also ODIN including dead people

Ringgold


first
institutional ID registration organization

CHECK OUT
http://www.isni.org

NOTE: this is cool. It fits into what I think would be cool with authority records.
Authority records

should
be able to
be
used for my library to
show images when available for an author, pertinent data, etc. in a
knowledge graph and then list books and e
-
resources we have. The problem is names in a discovery tool
like Primo have different forms of the name but couldn’t we use VIAF to cross check wo
rks with names.
ISNI is working on that! Cool!


Web Archives as research library collections. Alex Thurman


Columbia University

They are doing something like Internet Archive but with more quality control


Linked jazz project


Hilary Thorsen


Stanford

Linked jazz project
is an
application of linked open data (LOD) technology to digitize archival jazz history

They are taking a new approach


it relates data between different repositories

Includes transcriptions of oral interviews

Created a name directory

and
create
d

name triples

Subject
-
predicate
-
object

Take five


creator


Dave Brubeck

URI


URI


URI

They queried dbpedia with sparql to find data

The linked jazz API outputs in JSON, RDF triples, gephi GEXF files

http://linkedjazz.org/api



MONDAY

July 1



8
:
30
-
11
:
30

MCP
-
S100c



ALA II


International Relations Committee #18.3


Committee on Organization #27

Two resolutions were prop
o
sed. One
was
to reduce the number of committee members. Approved. The
other is to
retire the current Committee Information Update Form, and ask that each ALA committee and
Council committee provide a semi
-
annual report listing a list of issues to be included.

Approved.

If they meet annually

and are done
, just refer to the previous repor
t.


Policy Monitoring Committee #17.1

T
hree

action items were presented to revise
the text for these
items in the ALA policy manual:

1. Protecting Library User Confidentiality, and

2. Guidelines for Preparation of Resolutions to Council.
The items were
approved earlier, but committee
has identified where in the manual the items go.

3. Membership meetings.


Constitution and Bylaws Committee #25

The Committee had a r
equest for approval of applicat
ion for affiliate status for

the Library and
Information Ass
ociation of New Zealand Otorrora.
The other action item was related to confidentiality

which

said “the category to which personal member belongs, except Honorary and Life Members, shall
not be specified in the Directory”. Since there is no directory, that
part of the statement should be
removed. Text regarding filling vacancies was reworded to obtain consistency in wording.


International Relations Committee


#18.3

WIPO Treaty for Improved Access for People Who are Bind, Visually Impaired, and with other
Print
Disabilities. At Midwinter Council passed a resolution supporting the WIPO Treat to assist the Library
Copyright Alliance in its efforts to get the U.S. delegation

to WIPO to support a treaty that will achieve
the goals of libraries.

The work now ne
eds to be done in the US Congress.

In Canada, a code of conduct was issued by LAC that appeared to muzzle staff from involvement in
organizations. The issuer of the code has been let go, so the code presumably no longer restricts
librarians from involvemen
t in organizations

but has not been removed
.



Freedom to Read Foundation #22

Check FTRF.org for their report


Resolution on Prayer in ALA meetings #44

Resolved, that the American Library Association adopt as policy the following statement:

The American L
ibrary Association, as a secular institution in a country that is increasingly diverse
religiously, refrains from having public prayers during its meetings. Moments of silence may be observed
during meetings
to honor a specific person or event
.

Approved


R
esolution in support of whistlerblower Bradley Manning #38

Resolved, that the American Library Association opposes the prosecution of Bradley Manning.

A m
otion

was made

to refer to the Committee on Legislation. They are already working on something
and we should see it at Council III.

Referred to COL and IFC


Resolution on Library Service to the Community in a Natural Disaster #41

Resolved

Resolved
, that the American Lib
rary Association

(ALA), on behalf of its members:



Acknowledges that many libraries across the country have provided library and emergency
services in disasters including storms, fires, earthquakes and floods and applauds those actions;



Recognizes the sign
ificant contributions of libraries and library staff who have provided effective
emergency response/recovery services, and responded to the needs of their communities
following hurricanes Sandy and Irene in ways that go above and beyond the regular call o
f duty;



Requests that ALA Divisions research library needs and capacity in order to provide effective e
-
government and emergency response/recovery services as an essential part of library missions



Shall direct a letter acknowledging the work and contributi
ons of libraries and library staff to the
State Chapters in the affected states of New York, New Jersey, Vermont and Connecticut at this
time to be passed on to the appropriate parties, and in the future ensure that such a letter is
sent whenever libraries

lead community recovery.

Passed


Resolution on Divestment of Holdings in Fossil Fuel Companies, CD #42 Revised 7/1/13

Resolved that the ALA on behalf

of its members:

Begin divesting in the fossil fuel industry by excluding our three hol
dings in the

Filthy Fifteen


named in
the Endowment Trustees Information report to BARC that have little or no significant impact in the short
term in ALA.

Th
is

is being supported by criticism of fracking and the goal is to “attack” such industries


a negative
action
on
the
North Dakota

economy
.

Much support was voiced for a greener earth which I do support,
but the technical ability of the Endowment Trustees to pick away at how money is invested, which might
be impossible, I believe this really has little effect. Gree
ner earth can be approached other ways than this
resolution.

I voted against,
and it failed.


Motion to refer CD #39

Support
of Whistleblower Edward Snowden

to IFC and COL

Already tweeted and Facebook’d that ALA supports this.






1:00
-
4:00

INTER
-
Valencia


SAC speaker

Eric Miller:
Future of Subject Analysis in
the BIBFRAME Model

He sees the work on BIBFRAME as trying to develop a platform on which to include our data in the web.
There are key fundamental principles to the web but when used cooperatively, c
an do amazing things.
It
is u
niquely identifiable things that have a single
-
directional link to another
thing. Underlying it all is a
protocol


http. You send a request, the application receives, and if it finds a something okay to send
back, you see the
data. In the mean time in the background a little bookmark tracks the activity. These
logs can track “if
-
then” and work as web triggers. It is being integrated into how we use the web. It
starts to make predictable links between things that have been searc
hed. Based on certain actions, there
are triggers to do certain other things. E.g. Twitter can be fed to Facebook. This is a powerful way to do
actionable things in the Web.

BIBFRAME


the network of it is where the triggers can work for us. We as a group

have the opportunity
to work together.

BIBFRAME is a core model for defining web control points….

Ex:
A
ndrea

catalogs 101 tips for supporting campers with autism;

camps for children with mental
disabilities


and

autism spectrum disorders
’ are okay subjects but not quite. So in BIBFRAME she
describes the book, connects to the author, to the publisher, and she creates a new local subject. She
can define it and relate it to the already defined subjects. If a user follows from her term to the

authorized headings, it leaves bread crumbs. In the background you can see that all this occurred and
others could use them too


hence they are shared even though not in the controlled vocabulary.
Once
you see this, you could prepa
re a formal new subject

request and when you see the choices others
made, that could inform your proposal.
Once the decision is made for a new heading, it can be
propagated back.

This is not just recasting MARC. It is about taking advantage of the power of the web.


Is provena
nce part of this and is that what the bookmark collects?

Provenance is not really part of the
triggering


it is just pointing. But you have created a new subject with a new identifier but through
linking it could come back and update it once formally appr
oved.

Our ILSs don’t do well with our hierarchical relationships that we have already developed. Will BIBFRAME
do a better job because of the links? You look up something and should be able to follow the links.

BIBFRAME is trying to be broader than just l
ibraries that can cause an issue with specifics in a particular
community. There are more off
-
the
-
shelf tools available to us if we are using web linking rather than the
current structure in our ILSs using MARC records.
We need to separate the data issue f
rom the interface
issue. Couldn’t we search “songs” and then see a list of other terms in our hierarchies or have check
boxes to select several, etc.
The user may be interested in terms from several vocabularies, eg. LCSH and
lcgft and aat. [ How these get

connected is a semantic issue


when does one mean the other, and how
specific do we need to define that? ]

How can we apply patterns in the subject manual a
nd which terms fall under them and reapply the
principles for each to other terms.

What about peop
le who click wrong things but the bread crumbs have tracked that


right? There is
something called “stickiness” which analyzes when that happens and can show where you need to
improve your interface and/or data.

There is testing in
industries that can stu
dy this.

When we have a CD compilation we have never been able to link a subject to the title that is that
subject? No, unless you go ahead and identify it, i.e. create work records for each (and work records can
have subjects). So when you catalog the CD
you have identifiable parts and you identify the whole. LC
has being trying tackle some contents notes and see if they can create a work record for each and you
could then attach the subject to.

“Functional granularity of description”

Now what about
expressions wit
h performers that are different?


John Attig brought up the fact that many of the relationships we talk are about are semantic
relationships. The socializing aspect of how we utilize the web to contruct the BIBFRAME platform will
push the bo
undaries


that’s good. The meanings we care about are in work records, in subject records,
and then your MARC record is an assemblage of those

and how will BIBFRAME show the semantics? It
has control points for where you graft these things into. In the BI
BFRAME context there is no primary
entry point thought an interface that may chose one of them. [But doesn’t this give us a choice in how
we design interfaces or even given the user the choice of where to start?] BIBFRAME
-

Make the simple
things simple; m
ake the complex things possible.

At the W3C level a person can be something can enter
into a contract (law), but we think of a human who writes, [etc.] [ BIBFRAME is BIBLIOGRAPHIC
FRAMEWORK so we are defining in that realm.]


Conclusion

The web is the most

powerful communication ever conceived

The web is becoming the powerful data management plat
form

ever imagined

BIBFRAME provides a set of constr
u
cts to advantage of the Web to enable Libraries to cooperate far
more effectively than ever before


Demographic

proposal



both
fields
possible in bib
liographic

and autho
rity records

but for BIBFRAME it
makes most sense in Work/Expression authority records
.

385 audience

386 creator

While trying to work on genres it became apparent that some existing terms aren’t
going to work very
well. Chinese
-
American poets mean you have poets, Chinese, Americans. How do get natural language
phrases without subdivision?

Categories that the terms/concepts belong to
,

could be in the record. What she has brought to SAC
hasn’t been
yet approved by LC to actually go forward. If it seems doable she will go back and try to get
approval.

At this time there aren’t very often appropriate terms at all.

The idea would be the vocabulary would start based on LCSH, but once established it would

be open to
the SACO proposal process.

Adam thought hierarchies should be included in these terms, i.e. BT NT



then BIBFRAME would have
relationships to work with.

What about some terms
that could have multiple roles and cases where pre
-
coordinated string
s are semantically necessary but the proposal is avoiding strings.

In the authority
record there would be pre
-
fix to the number, 040 $e (f), … but what about the tag? Janis asked if she
could put it somewhere other that MARC and Kevin Ford said to put it i
n MARC. If we put them in 150
will some systems shove them into 650 rather than the 385 and 386.

What about geographic descriptors


American poets


Californians or do we use something like 751 California, Calif.


Library of Congress report to SAC summary
:

Integrated Library System
.
The Library is working to resolve performance problems in the redesigned
LC Online Catalog. That new interface is available to staff and patrons at:
catalog2.loc.gov


The Library is
planning to upgrade to Voyager 8.2 later in 2013.

Cataloging P
ublications
.


LC is transitioning to online
-
only publication of its cataloging documentation
and will cease printing new editions of its subject headings and classification schedules, and other
cataloging publications. Instead, LC will provide free downloa
dable PDFs of these titles

ID's Linked Data Service (ID/LDS) Project
.


Twenty
-
one new vocabularies related to the PREMIS
standard for preservation metadata were added to the Linked Data Service
-

Authorities & Vocabularies
(http://
id.loc.gov
). This portal is primarily for developers to enable them to programmatically interact
(as
“linked data”) with vocabularies commonly found in standards promulgated by LC.

New Bibliographic Framework Initiative
.

The Library of Congress published on the Web in
November 2012 a high level model for BFI: “
Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data:

Linked Data
Model and Supporting Services” at
http://www.loc.gov/marc/transition/news/bibframe
-
112312.html
.


LC also made available for download two software code sets that convert current
MARCXML records to BIBFRAME.


The Library now also offers a demonstration area at
http://bibframe.org/demos/

Two discussion papers, on BIBFRAME
Authority and the BIBFRAME
Annotation Model, were issued in May 2013 and are available at URL
http://bibframe.org
.

Cataloging in Publication Program E
-
Books Pilot
.

Since the ALA Midwinter Meeting in January
2013, LC has moved forward in developing a mechanism for ingesting e
-
books delivered through the
Cataloging in Publicat
ion program for preservation purposes and eventual access by users on
-
site.

Cataloger’s Desktop
.
Several RDA
-
related resources have been added to
Cataloger’s Desktop

to assist
with RDA cataloging implementation.


The latest addition is
RDA training
resources

RDA Implementation
.
LC fully implemented
RDA: Resource Description & Access

for all authority work
and most bibliographic records on March 31, 2013. Course materials included trainee manuals in
Microsoft Word for lecture and discussion, complementary PowerPoint presentations, and online quizzes
to enhance retention and recall. Al
l course materials and supporting documentation are being shared
freely with the cataloging world through the Catalogers’ Learning Workshop website at
http://www.loc.gov/catworkshop/

. BIBCO RDA webinars following the use of online RDA training
modules available at
http://www.loc.gov/catworkshop/RDA%20training%20materials/ind
ex.html


Library of Congress
-
Program for Cooperative Cataloging Policy Statements
.


The first update to
the Library of Congress
-
Program for Cooperative Cataloging Policy Statements (LC
-
PCC PS) for 2013 was
published in May.



Programmatic Changes to the LC
/NACO Authority File for RDA
.


Changes to the LC/NACO Name
Authority File known as “Phase 2” of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) project to make
certain headings acceptable under RDA, were begun on March 4 and successfully completed on March
27
, 2013. A total of 371,942 name authority records were changed. For details on the types of changes
made to headings, see the website of the PCCAHITG at
http://files.library.northwestern.edu/public/pccahitg
, or a summary of those changes at
http://www.loc.gov/aba/rda/pdf/lcnaf_rdaphase.pdf

.

Classification and Shelflisting M
anual


PSD has now completed its review of the CSM in light of RDA
instructions. Revisions to the instruction sheets that were most heavily impacted by the changes have
been posted in PDF form on ABA’s website at
http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/csm_instruction_sheets.html
.


They are:

F 175 (Editions); F 275
(Biography); F 603 (Government Documents); F 632 (Literary Authors); F 633 (Literary Authors:
Subarrangement of Works); F 634 (Literary Collections); G 100 (Filing Rules); G 140 (Dates); G 145
(Editions); G 150 (Translations/Texts
in Parallel Languages); G 220 (Corporate Bodies); G 230
(Conferences, Congresses, Meetings, Etc.); and G 340 (Criticism/Commentaries).

Revisions to LCSH Due to RDA Phase 2
A list of all of the headings that were revised as part of this
project may be found at
http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/subjects
-
RDA
-
changes.html
.



Fictitious and Legendary Characters, and Animals with Proper Names
.


Historically, headings for
fictitious and legendary characters and an
imals with proper names have been established as subject
headings in LCSH.


With RDA, these entities can now be considered creators or contributors to
works.


According to the current LC
-
PCC Policy Statements, when a fictitious or legendary character, or
n
amed animal, is a creator or contributor, a name authority record should be made

in addition to
the
subject heading.


That instruction will change with the July 9, 2013 update to the RDA Toolkit.


The new
policy will state that a name authority record shou
ld be created if an individual character or an animal
with a proper name is needed for the descriptive access point.



LC has been collaborating with the Music Library Association on medium of performance vocabulary,
Library of Congress Medium of Performan
ce Thesaurus for Music

(LCMPT). The vocabulary is intended to
be used, at least initially, for two bibliographic purposes: 1) to retrieve music by its medium of
performance in library catalogs, as is now done by the controlled vocabulary
Library of Congres
s Subject
Headings

(LCSH); and 2) to record the element “medium of performance” of musical works, as
represented in individual music resources cataloged according to
RDA: Resource Description and Access

(RDA).


4:00
-
5:30

HIL
-
Buckingham Rm


C
hapter
C
ouncilors

Forum

Discussed: reduction in size of Council


we of course believe the state chapter councilors play a key roe
and should be retained; chapter relevance in the Chapter Relations program; Declaration of Library
Rights


just how are we to use it



just in state convention or in our cities or what?; whistleblower
resolutions we kept seeing with revisions we didn’t know how got there; how are we to vote


our
“conscience” which I interpret to mean what I believe best serve
s

libraries in North Dakot
a; listservs


be
careful about replying to everyone when a person is just asking for input




6:00
-
7:00,
10
:00

12
:00

Aleph fiscal year r
oll over

completed




TUESDAY

July 2


7
:
45
-
9:15


MCP
-
S100c



ALA Council III



Treasurer’s report #13.2

In fiscal year 2013 we have implemented a budget reduction of $1.9 million mostly due to losses in
publishing; 2014 budget was reduced by $1 mil due to expected losses in conferences. ALA will hold open
33 positions and not give raises.

Our budget must be

focused on our programmatic priorities. Budgetary ceiling will be $28,821,439. The
budgetary ceilings are increased for Divisions due to 2 having conferences this year. The Roundtables
have 3.5 times their asset balance so Divisions and Roundtables are in

good financial shape. Motion was
to approve budgetary ceilings. 63,944,617.

Jim Neal listed a number of ideas for considering the future of financial stability for ALA.
They were very
good.
Check
ALA treasurer’s site
.


Elections

Council on Committees

Julius C Jefferson, Roberto Carlos Delgadillo,
J
ohn C. DeSantis, Ebony M Henry


Planning and Budget

Pamela Hickson
-
Stevenson, Patty Dudley, Elena Rosenfeld


Committee on Legislation #20.3
-
5

Resolution in CD 19.2 and 20.4



that the whistleblowers resolutio
ns that were referred to COL and IFC
be rep
l
aced by CD#19.2 and 20.4 and be adopted.

Resolved
, that the American Library Association (ALA):

1.

Reaffirms its unwavering support for the fundamental principles that undergird our free and
democratic society, incl
uding a system of public accountability, government transparency, and
oversight that supports people's right to know about and participate in our government,

2.

In light of present revelations related to NSA's surveillance activities

conducted pursuant to
or
ders issued by the Foreign Intelligent Surveillance Court (FISC) under Sections 215 and 702 of
the USA PATRIOT Act

the American Library Association calls upon the U.S. Congress, President
Obama, and the Courts to reform our nation's climate of secrecy, ove
rclassification, and secret
law regarding national security and surveillance, to align with these democratic principles;

3.

Urges the U.S. Congress and President Obama to provide authentic protections that prevent
government intimidation and criminal prosecu
tion of government employees and private
contractors who make lawful disclosures of wrong doing in the intelligence community; and be
further resolved;

4.

Calls upon the public to engage in and our members to lead public dialogues discussing the right
to priv
acy, open government and balancing civil liberties and national security;

5.

Encourages the public to support bills and other proposals that both secure and protect our rights
to privacy, free expression and free association and promote a more open, transpar
ent
government and be further resolved, that

6.

Expresses its thanks and appreciation to the members of Congress who work to protect our
privacy and civil liberties.


Frustration over the process was expressed as it came up because it came up multiple times a
nd was
referred and was confusing to councilors attending the meeting. Those that felt we should be protecting
Manning and Snowden, were upset

because they supported those resolutions and this one eliminates
them
. However, the new resolution elegantly stat
es ALA’s position.

Approved.


Resolution urging Congress to Designate the Government Printing Office as the Lead Agency to manage
the lifecycle of digital United States Government Information #20.5

Resolved,

that the American Library Association (ALA):

1.


and web sites;

2.


urges Congress authorize the Government Printing Office to develop and administer standards
and procedures for the United States federal government which include rules for dismantling sites
and archiving web content, including the preservation of all pert
inent data protocols,
documentation, and software programs for evaluating and manipulating the content for
permanent public access;

3.

urges Congress require that the Government Printing Office consult with the United States federal
publishing agencies, the N
ational Libraries, and professional library and archiving groups in the
development of these standards and procedures;

4.

urges Congress provide the Government Printing Office sufficient funding to handle the archiving
of web content, to perform its duties

on an ongoing basis and additional funding as necessary to
fully assist agencies when they are forced to decommission a web site.

COL has a task force on government documents. Their work is on ALA CONNECT


Intellectual Freedom Committee #19


Resolution
Supporting Librarians Sued for Doing Their Professional Duty #19.3

Resolved, that the American Library Association
:

Most strongly urges publishers to refrain from actions such as filing libel suits when in disagreement with
librarians who have publically s
hared their professional opinions and instead to rely upon the free
exchange of views in the marketplace of ideas to defend their interests as publishers


Patriot Act 215 report. This had been request on the listserv. When will we get the requested report
about the work of the Washington Office’s lobbying activity?



Resolution to Decrease Printing for Council Meetings #50

Resolved, that the American Library Association, on behalf of its members:

1)

Requests that the ALA Executive Director to develop and
implement an opt
-
in program for
Councilors to elect to receive electronic
-
only Council documents and reduce the number of
regularly printed copies of documents.


15918 registered

4319 complimentary

6125 exhibitors

Total: 26,362

attendees


All of the Annual Conference Council documents are now posted on the Council page at:
http://www.ala.org/aboutala/node/567
.



-
=
-
=
-
=
-
=
-

Unable to attend:



MARBI
-

http://www.loc.gov/marc/marbi/an2013_age.ht
ml

Faceted Subject Access Interest Group




FAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology)

Activity Report

ALCTS CCS Subject Analysis Com
m
ittee

2013 Annual Meeting


FAST

is an enumerative faceted subject heading schema derived from the Library of
Congress Subject Headings (LCSH). Easier to apply and capable of successful
application by non
-
professionals, FAST provides
a rich LCSH vocabulary that is
available as a post
-
coor
dinate system in a Web environment. OCLC Research has
been working to develop FAST for over a decade. A range of prototype applications
is now available:



assignFAST

This Web Service, new in July 2012 and currently being integrated into
production, automat
es the manual selection of FAST Subjects based on
autosuggest technology.
http://experimental.worldcat.org/fast/assignfast




mapFAST

A Google Maps mashup that
provides map
-
based access to bibl
iographic records
using FAST geographic authorities.



mapFAST allows users to access FAST headings for specific locations,
as well as FAST headings for surrounding locations that also are FAST
subjects.



Top three user countries: United States, Netherlands
, Spain



Available at
http://experimental.worldcat.org/mapfast/



We recently released a mobile version, accessible via browser at
http:
//experimental.worldcat.org/mapfast/mobile/
,
and also
available as an Android app.



SearchFAST

searchFAST is a full
-
feature user interface for identifying and accessing
FASTauthority records.
http://fast.oclc.org/searchfast/




Top three user countries: New Zealand, United States, Netherlands



Available at:
http://fast.oclc.org/searchfast/




FAST as Linked Data

This experimental Linked Open Data serv
ice provides access to the FAST data set
under the Open Data Commons Attribution License.



Total headings: 1.7 million



Facets:



Personal names: 704,143



Corporate names: 357,625



Events: 11,915



Uniform titles: 61,633



Chronological: 676



Topical: 392,593



Geogra
phic: 148,722



Form/Genre: 1,905



Deprecated/deleted: 46,719



More information:
http://www.oclc.org/research/activities/fast.html



Access FAST as Linked Data at:
http://id.worldcat.org/fast/




The FAST data set is available for download at:
http://www.oclc.org/research/activities/fast/download.html




FAST in WorldCat

FAST

headings have been successfully added to an off
-
line copy of OCLC's
WorldCat database.



WorldCat contained
1,678,279 distinct FAST headings (excluding
chronological) each
controlled
with a single authority record.



WorldCat contained
26,425,717

distinct LCSH headings
(including
names valid as subjects) with

approximately 7.5% controlled by a
single authority record.

For additional details, visit the FAST activity page at
http://www.oclc.org/research/activities/fast/

or contact either

Ed O’Neill at
oneill@oclc.org or Eric Childress at childree@oclc.org.