ALA Annual Chicago
Introduction to RDR and Ontologies for the
UWM School of Information Studies
Technical Services Directors
Large Research Libraries IG
4 things about discovery. Trends leading back to Technical Services
Discovery happens elsewhere
i.e. outside the library.
Ithaka s+r 2009 reported shift by faculty to non
library resources. Elsevier recently a
cquired Mendeley; things like Google Scholar, etc.
We need active
promotion: interpretation through social media; syndication
metadata (putting info in
, links, and services; search engine optimization
interoperability with the Web
configure institutional repositories so crawlers (Google) can find our stuff.
in vs. inside
. Look at: uniqueness and stewardardship/scarcity
in a grid. We
have focused on books e
in). Special Collections (inside
out) are highly stewarded and
unique. The stuff in between are new forms of scholarly output (institutional repositories), eprints, video
being pushed out, etc.
These are generally for the campus use but also av
ailable to the world.
(bought licensed): increased consolidation, move to licensed, move to user
driven models, coming
together of licensed and print metadata workflows. In
de out: Institutional assets, special collections,
research and learnin
we need to make them more important and accessible.
From collection to whole library
. Search box searches everything (Primo). But how do we add the whole
library? Research guides, information on our own web pages.
nformation, provides URIs, linked data. Schema.org approach, BIBFRAME.
How to mark up resources to make them more useful.
Exploit the network of connections, e.g.
knowledge graphs in Wikipedia or Google. We need to describe things and make them linkable in
different, interesting ways.
mapFAST is an example
what library has a book I am interested in.
Role of Technical Services in changing role of libraries. She has a diagram with
re models for
Details will vary depending on purpose of the library
(public, academic, etc.) E
g. Discovery: local discovery tools, controlled vocabulary, consumptive
research, national/international discovery tools, interoperable vocabulary and access, cons
umptive & non
consumptive research, share and non
siloed discovery tools, linked data
metadata, enhanced tools for consumptive and non
consumptive research. In a meeti
ng with faculty at U
of Chicago, interest
was for local access of
resources, not interested in discovery tools
catalog info is
fine, not very focused on services because they know what they need (they think). Students don’t care if
we own it as long as they get it, they valued services and role of spaces to interact w
ith each other, 24
access, both rowdy and quiet spaces. Donors highly value locally held collections.
There needs to be an
investment in technology, not just the hardware, but use of it. Discovery tools have to intellectually
valuable. We need to articulat
e needs to funding agencies.
So what does this mean for technical
services? Need to manage a wide range of resources
print and discovery tools. Need flexibility in
in and outside library (institutional reposit
skills. Technical Services is no longer a backroom function.
Technical Services provides analytical support
for the resources we are providing for front
Lorcan wonders if there can be shared responsibility of e
books and other
digital resources rather like we
share payment for licensed journals. One library mentioned decreased staff in traditional acquisitions but
increasing staff in metadata management
and supporting discoverability
as a trend.
need to make
resources findable, whether physically processing a book or creating metadata in a way a
web site finds it that users are using.
Aren’t we beyond find, identify, select
beyond FRBR (I still think it
is outdated). We need to facilitate the finding. How do
we improve reference service with the work
technical services does. BIBFRAME is going to improve accessibility.
Technical Services also needs to
work more closely with IT.
We think about serving individuals but we need to also think about servicing
achines”, e.g. switching to BIBFRAME from MARC. Work in digital projects, technical services
knows what kind of metadata scheme and standards would make those materials most findable and
Technical Services staff need to be on teams working with fac
ulty on digital projects.
There are more interdependences than ever and it is all dependent on metadata (e.g. metadata we get
for Gale One in Primo)
Issues: Incomplete data: content provided does not set all holdings to a knowledge base, e
silently disappear from library inventory, access may be given for the new title when a title changes or
when there is a new edition of an e
l access also means we need perpetual access related
to the resource.
The metadata needs to be standardized so they
differ for the
the user is
with what looks like different resources but it is for the same article.
ases and Related Tools
UKSG and NISO project. Aim to develop a
recommended practice to ensure the timely transfer of accurate data to knowledge bases, ERMs, etc.
Their recommendations specify metadata elements, file structure mea
ns of data transfer and frequency
They are working updating the recommendations with Phase 2.
What can libraries do? We need to communicate better within our institution and with others in the
and other libraries using the products
. When purchasing e
resources, bring metadata into
the conversation, d
scuss with publishers the necessity for perpetual supply of metadata
and KBart. We
need to be able to explain why we need the metadata. In effect, it can make their product better (bett
sales?) We need metadata requirements in our licenses and that metadata be available to a discovery
resource of our choice (i.e. EBSCO should provide to Primo). Document your entitlements carefully. Take
snapshots of your holdings data
you will be sur
and back up your data. Don’t assume the
knowledge base provider is doing this for you.
KBart hasn’t been picked up by very many publishers
what is the roadblock for them?
Global Open Knowledgebase (GOKb)
will be a freely available data repos
itory that will contain key
publication information about electronic resources as it is represented… It is being by a team of people of
OLE, JISC, etc. It will contain publisher data, package information, standard licenses. It will identify
es (i.e. Australain and US versions may be different)
It looks like what you see in the SFX
What keeps you up at night? Much of the discussion was on staffing compensation, knowledge levels,
Gale filed for bankruptcy?
What does getting a subscription to HathiTrust do for you? (I heard you can print more pages but you
still can’t get access to copyrighted books). If you have access, do you keep or toss your print? Columbia
would still keep prin
Presentations will be on web page.
Digital content REQUIRES interoperability to function. NISO are neutral partners working standards
issues. NISO feeds US concerns into ISO.
Whither bibliographic data?
MARC is really
efficient. Many technological things we use were created before we landed on the moon.
Metadata is exchanged by many players
publishers, libraries, etc. We just don’t all use the same
e.g. ONIX vs. MARC
There is a movement now towards linked
data. Is it sufficient?
Any new ILS needs
More effective for discovery and use
Make staff more efficient
OR the ILS become non
operable or non
NISO has initiated a bibliographic roadmap project.
semantics, interoperability, economics, rules, provenance/authority, staffing/training, users.
They are trying to avoid multiple competing standards
“If you don’t know
where you are going you won’t get there”
Metadata/Linked data: guiding folks to our re
Where are our users? They aren’t looking our catalogs or even browsing the stacks. They are more likely
in the café or in their dorm users.
80% of users search from search engines (Google)
Scholar or Google Book
Wikipedia and Google now present Knowledge Graphs with a collection of facts using linked data.
We aren’t in Google because Google doesn’t understand MARC
PMH, RDA, Z39.50
So OCLC, using Schema.org, embedded data with RDFa with links to Dewey
and LCSH, LCNAF, DOI,
VIAF, FAST. In Worldcat.org you can see the linked data. These are things not strings.
Data available via Content
Negotiation: RDF/XML, JSON
LD, Turtle, Triples
now it is 2 clicks in Google
to get to WorldCat.org
When you click belo
w “library near you” there are links through FAST, and ? data from Wikipedia and
other resources are assembled and presented to the user.
Including the schema.org vocabulary has increased the retr
vability of library resources. It isn’t designed
nge data like we do with MARC. The web uses it.
Schema bib extend community group. The mission is to discuss and
schema.org schemas for the improved presentation.
BIBFRAME goal is to make bibliographic description as part of th
e web. Schema.org and BIBFRAME are
they have their own structure and vocabularies and the information can be taken from
either one because the bibliographic data is part of the web.
MARC data is too much
users want just enough to decide
if it’s what they want
Libraries have handled materials of all types.
Our data has to be visible on the web of data so Google knows we have it. We need to be registered in
We are moving from cataloging to
The author is a link to naf or VIAF, the subject id
We need to reassert our role as a discoverable resource for all materials
in the Web; we need to “look
important” to Google crawlers.
Card catalogs were initially designed so librarians could find their books
not for users.
Book discovery and requir
ments for Metadata
50% of libraries resources are now digital but less than half of users don’t know how to find e
Need to optimize e
broad content coverage, relevance, match and merge, full
search, features to meet user expectations, accurate metadata, direct linking
ly realize you have the bo
ok you need already on your
What’s driving need for better e
book discovery? Collections are volatile, acquisitions models are
(PDA), new things to manage
license, trial, change from PDA to held, disconnected
management and discovery
results in duplication of data entry and endless loading of records.
automate process of retrieving metadata from publishers to librar
. So rather than cataloging
and bringing in records, the Summon software “exposes” titles you have acquired or packages you’ve
purchased. The problem is publisher’s metadata is too often incorrect. (Sounds similar to OCLC but with
OCLC you use the “bett
er” OCLC record
not the publisher’s
User access to e
3 standard for representing
and encoding structured and semantically enhanced web
content. See BISG policy statement Pol
1201 Ebook sales is growing dramatically for fiction;
and children’s books is still more highly in print. Non
immersive often lends itself to only
reading a portion or non
linear reading, e.g. cookbook. EPUB
3 grid is designed to say what is displayed
how on multiple devices. Because
of the multiple devices publishers often issue titles in different file
formats. It assess things like paging (some don’t retain printed pagings), things that need to stay
just flowing text from screen to screen, e.g. graphs, mathematical formulas, kids illustrated
books; support for different file formats (RTF, Word, etc.); screen pinching, audio and video support.
Libraries don’t know what file formats
work on what readers. For those with special needs this is very
difficult. Benetech works with vendors on accessibility, things like JAWS, Read2Go, braille notetakers,
(Digital Accessible Information System) talking books which contains one or more digital
handles highly structured content; bookmarking; choices for print or audio or both; highlighting text while
listening for dyslexics
. EPUB 3 supports HTML5 which has a better semantic structure, better separation
of content and style; supports
mathML (math XML); provides different modes of access to visual
information in an image; tactile graphics, text/audio descriptions, etc. In some cases you can find closed
captioning in Google
by Neil deGrasse Tyson; checkout a11ymetad
Ithaka S+R reports are showing increased use of ebooks by faculty for reading but not the same use in
classes. Use various in the humanities and sciences. See latest reports.
Picked up some books
Ex Libris booth.
(was DuSable 21A)
Friday, June 28, at 7:30 in Clark 22AB, Hyatt Regency McCormick Place
er, which will be discussed at SAC Monday and in CC:DA by e
mail after ALA.
We want to emphasize need to add genre
John Attig thinks we need to wait for IFLA to add something
for genre but some of us don’t want to wait as long as this is likely to take.
John provided additional
comments which were included in document send to SAC.
we can already migrate MARC to XML/RDF
why bother with BIBFRAME
to her email noted it is not OWL
Hiding in plain Cite:
importance of content neutrality in library discovery services
Associate Dean @ Northeastern University Libraries
AUL @ George Mason University Libraries
Head of Discovery and Delivery Services @ University of Manitoba Libraries
Managing Director @ NISO
Program Director, Libraries, Users, and Scholarly Practices
neutrality in discovery
ISO is working on open discovery standards.
Hara said it was painful to watch their students with their original discovery system. Then tried
Summon, now there are doing Primo and again did usage studies. Students absolutely love. EBSCO title
nt up and resources are getting used more than before.
discovery is not just an add
on. It IS our interface. Discovery systems
don’t replace native content interface with researchers but Primo is great for undergraduates.
load all the bib records for things like HathiTrust but selecting Primo, you’ve got it.
Wally George Mason University
Primo was disruptive for librarians, not users.
Todd (NISO) original approach by discovery services was how fast the servers fo
und something to show
users. Now we pre
index and prepare a better result set.
What does content neutrality mean?
iding equal access to a community from a variety services from a variety of directions. Not
everyone has the same rights. NISO is
trying to work with vendors to understand the need for access.
it is similar to issues with various personal internet or
Netflix slower or restricted.
Same thing happens in the discovery layer. Ex: Student seeking a
. Only found the print,
t to a different library and found a pdf from their services. Their discovery service can’t pull from
their digital database (Diss
The problems started when the providers decided to add discovery systems instead of allowing us to just
buy the content. It affects how other discovery systems ranking and relevance works.
we want to provide links to our resources wherever the stud
ent may be working
i.e. in Libguides,
Blackboard. Licenses shouldn’t restrict that. We need to be aggressive in insisting we can do that model.
the resources need to be discoverable which leads to use which affects the vendors’ business
need negotiate with that in mind
API really is doing meta
search whereas Primo is doing relevance and other features from the
start. Important to make people log in before they start.
The Ex Libris server is doing the work; you
ave to do a lot of work to maintain.
API doesn’t have facets.
usually slower and no control over order of result sets. It can’t scale and we’d be back to the
metasearch environment we didn’t like.
Is the license where we make the impact?
has anyone seen language that says we can use the resource in the discovery service of our
choice. We need to raise the issue. It doesn’t make sense that we buy something we can’t display. Usage
will diminish and then we may not renew the resource.
Vendors need to understand content neutrality
would actually benefit their business model.
Do we feel we understand how the vendors’ content affects relevancy or ranking.
it is hard but we need to understand so we know to boost the resource, not
When the metadata is thinner for discovery services other than the vendor’s own proprietary system
don’t know what we are getting or not
. It seems we are the users. It doesn’t seem right that we don’t
have the control. (Veiled criticism
on the other hand Google does its own boosting.
but with Google and Bing and Yahoo
you can do the same search and see what they are doing.
You have to be able to look at multiple discovery services and compare in the same way
with your needs
in mind, but you can’t do that. In the past for an A&I service we asked for a list of titles indexed. With
these content providers we get no similar information.
We base our collection development decisions based on usage an
d the way discovery systems are
handled and what happens when you use facets, the statistics are bogus.
One vendor said he is frustrated that he can’t tell whether his stuff is actually being indexed well in the
various discovery services. T
he problem is the license is with the aggregator, not the content provider.
Knowing the level of the metadata is crucial.
The aggregators may have some level of metadata
standards but we don’t know what they are doing.
Yale said they insisted that thei
r metadata must be discoverable in discovery services
. They require the ability to see how the discovery system does relevancy and how it
ranks their metadata.
another consideration is the author’s wishes. The vendor’s aren’t communicating with them but
faculty often need to know how much their works are cited and used.
A day in the life of an e
Senior Librarian @ Ex Libris Group
Director of Product Management @ Ex Libris Group
esota not going live
til Dec. Too much doesn’t work for them. The whole
deleting items, can’t deal with group orders, no NLM or GOVD class reports (also no local)
Primo search widget. It has status and publishing job list if I am a system librarian. I would want for CFL
not just ODIN.
Adding portfolios is under resource management.
Can either work from the drop down list of options available to me or use the Qui
cklinks at the top of the
screen in the menu bar.
To place an e
resource order, check the community zone. If we already have it, the “building” institution
icon will show the packages we have it in. in the Institution (Library) Zone, the “people” icon disp
There are 90,000 CONSER records (Betsy says not always good
[wouldn’t OCLC records be better?]
the community zone.
Select Electronic Collection to see or place order a package. A dropdown is available to searching. Click in
community zone to
Order and it will take you back to my library zone. I chose a purchase type and then
select what library I am ordering it for. I can have templates set up for a vendor. I create to order and a
screen displays with a variety of tabs with various work option
s. I can see license information, check
balance in the budget I want to use. I chose “save and continue” In the task list, once I have ordered a
title, the task list will add that someone needs to activate it (saying “unassigned”)
Once I click that it
ws it is me taking care of the order/activation.
Conforms to the DLF early standard (note “early”
supposedly all 69 options available
listserv libraries say no).
I can look at a license and see the
packages using that license. From the task list, I can
see what needs activating. A dropdown shows
options including activate. When I click that it takes me to a screen with step numbers at the top to make
sure I carry out all the steps (like ordering online that tracks the steps 1
3). I activate the package
each title. It will put these titles in the institution (library) zone using bibs from the community zone.
What happens if
not in the Community zone nor is there a license
ou can add a local portfolio (list
under Create inventory
in Resources management. There is an option to say if you want to
add the package in a way that if later it shows up in SFX it will know you want to link your local package
to the new SFX package (what if you don’t name it the same?)
n an e
we can select titles individually. They are using bibs from vendors
displayed had all 650_4
[wouldn’t OCLC records be better?]
. These bibs may be augmented
with large contents notes.
If titles in packages change, Ex Libris asks v
endors to notify them of adds, deletes, changes, then the
packages will automatically be updated.
Supports trials (before order) and evaluations (already own but need to decide on renewal). Can specify
people to review the trial and submit “survey” form. I
can define questions and specify content, or
interface, and ask for yes
no or a scale.
The questions that
have used before are in a pool so I can re
them in a new survey.
Once they respond, the Analysis tab shows re
ponses in an average.
At the end
u can enter your decisions. For a trial you place an order in Alma, but when you make the decision to
really buy, you notify the vendor.
There is a PDA profile (patron driven). I chose things like thresholds (3 views in Pr
mo creates an order).
will send invoice marked PDA. Then import EOD (order) as part of PDA and import repository
as part of PDA (i.e. in Primo)
Alma analytics, Catalog, Shared folders. Alma is from Ex Libris, UND University is ones I have
is other libraries created if they make it shareable. Even if created
elsewhere, I see my data.
Can do top LC classification and top subjects search of inventory for e
ces. Not sure how useful
that really is. There is a “save as” with Ex libris rep
orts so I can add parameters, then save for me.
There is no NLM and SUDOC (plus no local number).
Decentralized ordering (e.g. UND and UNE buy) will be available by the end of the year
Betsy says it
isn’t working for U of Minn which is one system.
are unlimited notes and they are searchable.
Maps & RDA
There is going to be an RDA cataloging webinar July 22, 1pm central
The powerpoint will be at
There will be a chart with all
the combinations of 366
368’s for maps
(see magirt libguide page)
Ca. or approx. now approximately
Spell out color
Cm no period
Don’t put scale in brackets
Scale is core. It must be a representative fraction. If is verbal, 1 in
to 4 miles, multiply 63,360 by 4.
See video on
ube “natural scale indicator” with Susan Moore
First determine the type of unit, e.g.
Line up the top of the s
cale with the unit. But if you have something an inch is 100 then multiply the
number shows on the scale by 100.
Exercise: top line at beginning of scale bar. It lined up with about 1
at the 10 mile mark or so, so
equals approximately 1
ALA Council/exec bd/membership info
Libraries Changes Lives
Declaration for the Right to Libraries
has been developed
to serve as a strong public statement of the value of libraries for individuals, communities, and our
We need to get it signed in local chapters.
A second area of Libraries Change Lives focuses on literacy. We know that
libraries are fundamental
young children developing a love of readings, older adults lear
ing digital literacy, immigrants
participating in English classes and conversations, students developing the skills of information literacy,
arning financial literacy, fam
lies enjoying literacy activities together.
Report to Council and Executive Board
Keith Michael Fields
He commented on the work of the Digital Content Working Group which is working on library e
programs and 984 meetings scheduled for this conference.
Mary Biblo asked why
no more paper petitions to be councilor
large. Keith noted that 75%
percent are currently being done online.
215 section the Patriot Act
Endowment Trustees report
A number of items listed in the report indicate the probability the income will drop in the coming months.
However, returns have been running at 8.4%.
The trustees look at the returns index at every meeting.
They look at the asset allocation category to select a broad range of types of investments. They believe
equities will be less risky than bonds along with the Fed’s announcement on slowing down for
There is an analysis of the fossil fuel report and document forwarded to BARC.
Calculated if we divested in the 3 funds currently held and what we’d earn if we used clean alternative
Two personal members spoke agains
t ALA investing in fossil fuels.
There is a projected deficit in the general fund. Divisions and Round Tables in are in good financial
shape. The projected deficit is 1.9 million. If Chicago does well it could close the gap between revenue
es. Publishing is down and we were probably too optimistic in projecting book sales. 7%
expense reductions were taken across all units of ALA. That includes limited staff compensation including
a 10% cut and a reduction in staff for ALA.
In 2012 ALA had a
1.3 deficit that was to be covered by net
asset balance. ALA budget for 2013 planned to replenish that with $300,000 but the shortfall made that
(So we have no cushion) More cuts will be made to budgets for small divisions.
Reporting at this meeting is on strategic issues and financial trends. Political environments are not
supportive of libraries. There is increased globalization of policy debates
e.g. WIPO. We have seen
massive changes in the publishing industry wit
h more focus on licensed resources. Our 3 sources
are all dropping. We need to invest in technology and systems that allow us to
be as productive as possible. We must look beyond core business
new products and new marke
electronic publishing, online education, more direct interactions with the public and library users.
Expect 1.9 million drop in publishing and 1.7 in grants. We see a reduction in the 2014 budget down to
Holding open 33 vacant
candidates ; Membership meeting
Resolution on fossil fuels was voted down. The 2
resolved indicated we would support communities
affected by fossil fuels if the fossil fuel companies began to fail because we discontinue investment in
This made no sense. So ALA would compensate Williston for empty apartments if
he oil field workers left
As a councilor and personally I support efforts to move to a greener earth but
there is nothing ALA can financially support. I voted against it.
Ex Libris reception
MCP Lakeside BR (E354a)
partnering in IMLS funding and information services to help people sign up for the Affordable
Care Act. OCLC now has access to 14.5 million e
OCLC signed agreement with Family Search to
bib records from their resources and will show a genealogical research center near them in
Digital Public Library OCLC will be attributed to in bib records
cooperation with HathiTrust and OCLC). mapFAST now has an app to find a library near you for all bibs in
Soon will start testing IFM in the new ILL. Over
libraries will be moving to the new interface. 18,857 libraries are moving to the new FirstSearch. OCLC is
using apache hbase (open source)
it is now processing 30 times faster (i.e. no longer Oracle).
WorldShare Management (WMS)
up. Collections manager is now available. Record
manager is in pilot (cataloging)
ALA Council I
to help libraries provide information on the new Affordable Care Act.
from Obama video
viewed. Changes such as well
care checkups free, kids can stay on parents plan
longer, you can get insurance through online interfaces. People need to sign up and libraries have
internet access to provide access to healthcare.gov.
Committee on committees
Review of actions since ALA Midwinter 2013 meeting
All actions completed.
Implementation of the 2013 actions. #9
One thing they are working on is revising the organization/institution
Digital Content and
Libraries Working Group
Highlights: All of the 6 big publishers are working with libraries
maybe not in ideal but they are aware
ues for libraries. Authors for L
book campaign is being launched. Accessibility group will
report in t
he next months. Work is also going forward on business models for school libraries, a group on
privacy and ethics, and preservation.
Support of Whistleblower Edward Snowden.
No policy implications though background support is from ALA pol
[Be it] r
esolved that ALA recognizes Edward Snowden as a whistleblower who, in releasing information
that documents government attacks on privacy, free speech, and freedom of association, has performed
a valuable service in launching a national dialo
gue about transparency, domestic surveillance, and over
motion to refer.
Resolution reaffirming ALA’s commitment to basic
Resolved that ALA, on behalf its members:
Reaffirms and supports the principle that
lifelong literacy is a b
sic right for all individual in our
society and is essential to the welfare of the nation;
Reaffirms the core value of basic literacy as foundational for people of all ages and is the building
block for developing other literacies
Encourages appropriate ALA units and Divisions to actively participate in the Association’s
Literacy Assembly; and
Urges appropriate ALA units and libraries of all types to make basic literacy a high priority by
incorporating literacy initiatives into
programs and services for all users
declaration for the right to libraries resolution #40
Resolved that ALA, on behalf of its members:
Endorses the Declaration for the right to Libraries; and
Urges that the America’s Right to Librari
es Campaign be given ALA’s highest staff priority and support to
engage libraries and communities across the country in signing the Declaration for the Right to Libraries
At MPLA? More information will be out soon.
er Relations Committee
he libraries change lives declaration naming processes will be mapped, goal is to count signatures and
map them.... both physical and virtual signatures will be counted.
LA store may create posters.
Libraries Change Lives Declaration will launch in July w a campaign, national signing and a toolkit.
A week in October will be designated for signing ceremonies at schools.
Resolution on Library Service to the Community in a Natural Disaster #41
, that the American Library Association
(ALA), on behalf of its members:
Recognizes the significant contributions of
libraries and library staff who have provided effective
emergency response/recovery services, and responded to the needs of their communit
following hurricanes Sandy and Irene in ways that go above and beyond the regular call of duty;
Continues to encourage libraries to continue research documenting library needs and capacity to
provide effective e
and emergency response/recove
ry services as an essential part
of library missions;
Shall direct a letter acknowledging the work and contributions of libraries and library staff to the
State Chapters in the affected states of New York, New Jersey, Vermont and Connecticut to be
n to the appropriate parties
one library getting named as a first responder in a disaster; bookmobiles were only internet
access in Hurricane Sandy
, that the American Library Association, on behalf of its members:
Directs its endowment trustees to begin divesting in the fossil fuel industry by excluding our three
holdings in the “Filthy Fifteen” named in the Endowment Trustees’ Information Report t
o BARC that have
“little or no significant negative impact” in the short term on ALA.
Urge libraries, in addition to collecting and providing information on the environment, to take steps in
assisting our communities in a peaceful transition to fossil
energy sources, especially those
communities whose economic well
being are heavily, if not completely, dependent on fossil fuels.
Resolution on Prayer in ALA meetings
, that the American Library Association adopts as policy, the
The American Library Association, as a secular institution in a country that is increasingly diverse
religiously, refrains from having public prayers
or moments of silence substituting as prayers
meetings. Such prayers
give the implicit message of excluding those who do not share the beliefs and an
implicit message that ALA sponsors or supports those beliefs.
Moments of silence should be observed
during meetings only to honor a specific person or event.
ending the Freedom to Read Foundation (FTRF) for Defending Videogames
Resolved that the American Library Association:
mends the FTRF for recognizing videogames as a non
print medium in libraries worthy of
First Amendment protections;
support the FTRF
in defense of libraries when presented with challenges to
videogames included in gaming collections;
Continues to support the FTRF and support Game
RT so that it may be a “force for initiating and
supporting game programming in libraries;
Continues to stand by the Freedom to RTRF in alignment with the researchers, politicians and
institutions that challenge unscientific studies attributing violent behavior in videogames.
Draft resolution on Digitation of U.S. Government Document
Resolved that the ALA, on behalf of its members:
Supports and encourages the preservation of Federal Depository Libraries paper collections
Opposes policies that would results in the destruction of FLD paper collections
Supports technologies that
term, robust, verifiable, complete accurate, authentic,
ble, and usable digital formats;
Work with the Government Printing Office and the FDL community on developing procedures to
authenticate and ingest digital content into FDsys
digitization that come from FDL libraries and
federal agencies; and
Supports the creation of an inventory of digitized government publications with records that
include information on quality, completeness, accuracy, features, availability, limitations, co
utility, and trusted preservation, and provide links to records in OCLC and GPO’s Catalog of U.S.
Government Publications to that libraries can download batch MARC metadata
Refer to Committee on Legislation and the FDLP Task Force
A video should be on LC website
Welcome; BIBFRAME in the Library of Congress context
Roberta I. Shaffer, Associate Librarian of
Congress for Library Services
2) BIBFRAME with RDA WEMI and BIBFRAME profiles
3) Reports from Community experimenters:
Jeremy Nelson, Metadata/Systems Librarian, Colorado College
with Bibframe & Redis
Vinod Chachra, President and CEO, VTLS
BIBFRAME experimentation, linked data navigation and future
Jean Godby, Senior Research Scientist, OCLC Research
BIBFRAME and schema.org
The Bibliographic Framework Initiative (BIBFRAME) is a major community challenge to provide an
alternative to the deeply embedded MARC formats that will be more compatib
le with the Web and
Internet environment that offers new
opportunities to leverage information. The
program speakers will
ultiple facets of the development
fits into the major thrusts of
Library of Congress
programs and how it will atte
mpt to span the different data models of the library and related
communities. Two institutions that are experimenting with the general model have
been asked to report,
th a discussion of its relationship to schem
a.org, the recent search engine
LC plans for the future and how BIBFRAME fits in.
It is critical to the success of all their other
Knowledge navigators and human capital planning is a project to support researchers.
World Digital Library, science.gov and other multi
partner global programs. There are a number of global
projects LC is collaborating in.
Social media / big data / non
we shouldn’t really label anything non
y type of resource is necessary for research.
the internet of things, research, and commerce
Digital resources (ingest and conversion)
print activities are going to be sub
ordinated to digital
ces, but it may take 10 years
going to be using a faceted search and a fully integrated website
Center of Knowledge Reading Room and Learning Center.
A project to bring together their reading rooms
because we are in a trans
accommodating rule sets like RDA and profiles
“BIBFRAME community profiles”
Trying to accommodate a range of “rules” not just one set of “rules” (i.e. not just RDA)
BIBF aims to re
envision and implement a new bibliographic environment for librarys
that makes the
network central and makes interconnectedness commonplace. Need to be robust enough to deal with 40
years ago and 40 years into the future for memory organizations (libraries, museums, archives,
publishers) for users can use them all. Annota
tion will assist the power of human computing. Work is
based on recombinant data.
We need to build up from simple building blocks to bigger building blocks.
community profile can be used to assemble them for a particular use. They can still be recombined
is this on the
BIBFRAME is trying to take WEMI to a WEMI profiles to BIBFRAME in RDF graphs.
Check BIBFRAME navigator
They have tried using MARC records and VRA records to create an
integrated interface of the two to
present to users.
Using profiles allows a particular community to define what they want to see
represent a means for projecting local meaning into a common framework.
has a site you can pla
can I see web site on video?
They call their project, RE
DIS which is used in the naming.
They are able to use multiple vocabularies. He ingested
MARC21 records, MODS (digital commons),
Gutenberg records (in RDF with a custom RDF vocabulary).
Plan to test a couple of different user
interfaces using the same data with actual users.
ntend to pull in data from other sources like
VTLS. Identified needed abilities: support linked records, support B
model, display hierarchical
records. Create d
to support B
? Need to be able to handle MARC and BF XML records at
the same time. In a metadata ma
you need to be able to ingest, export, edit. How do we
They chose to use the ISAD model rather than FRBR. FRBR is too rigid. Items can
only be attached at the lowest level. ISAD can skip levels. They used
identifiers e.g. [BIBFRA
which opens up record with linked authorities. Then there is an annotation attached to those records
internal or external
(looks like book cover and Amazon like descriptions)
At their test side there is a
visualizer to show how are the links a
What we are doing with BF has to be woven into the fabric of the internet
See final slide
BIBFRAME and SCHEMA.org being used by search engine suppliers
There is a report they have released on
BIBRAME listserv and at OCLC
dby, Carol Jean. 2013. The Relationship between BIBFRAME and the Schema.org 'Bib Extensions'
Model: A Working Paper. Dublin, Ohio: OCLC Research
Why did OCLC chose to work in
need to increase visibility of library resources in the major
search engines, +, +
Initial release of 1.2 mil records with Linked Data markup based on Schema.org. There are links to
Began by trying to work strictly in Schema.or
g vocabularies. Then identify vocabularies that need to be
added to the Schema.org ontology.
is broad but very shallow. BIBF
RAME is a constellation of particular interested parties that
want a set of deep vocabularies but not very broad. Analyzing them shows at a high level, some terms
are similar though they don’t always mean the same thing, e.g. person and person.
tion of FRBR works and expressions in Schema.org
how to do this? There is an
experimenting group working on a SchemaBibEx
Some things OCLC has been able to model in a different way than Schema.org
They have determined they need to drill do
wn in data; move beyond the Dublin Core
like description of
RDA Update Forum
Panelists will provide updates to RDA as well as resources to consult for future updates
implementation. Scheduled presenters include: Beacher Wiggins (Library of Congress), Phil Schreur
(Chair PCC), Glenn Patton (OCLC), John Attig (JSC update), and Troy Linker (ALA Publishing).
008/20 new music values
028 parse qualifying
info for the identifier then ended up looking at 015, 024, 027
es of person and corporate body
added person and a $d for title of person
Reconciled MARC relator terms with the RDA list; 38 terms added and 2 deprecated; reconciled terms for
concept favoring the RDA term and included the unused terms as references; revised definitions to
reconcile RDA and MARC using the RDA definitions; adde
d relationships between broader and narrower
FRBR and BIBFRAME levels indicated in the Linked Data Service (ID) version via collections
I terms specified in ID
role types indicated via ID collections, e.g. creator, contribut
or, manufacturer, etc
Linkage with DC terms maintained
Linked data service view:
Library of Congress
3 national libraries have moved to RDA. All LC records are now RDA. 400 staff were trained. There
are some specialized areas still looking at how they will apply RDA
They are taking steps to remain in sync with PCC practices.
Music, Archives, Law
d to RDA structure
370,000 authority records
It was a
ll done with Gary
Strawn’s assistance. LC then went through
668,000 records to
RDA (finished in
June) Both bibliographic and authority records
have been redistributed
Please attribute that the records came from LC but otherwise free to use.
Policy and Standards Division is working on documentation to fine
tune it. Changes will be shared. Copy
Cataloging will accept what they find except author
ized entries will be checked/edited
Next big test with RDA in BIBFRAME and will be looking for testers again.
No determined timeframe,
although people are already trying to put bib data in BIBFRAME.
LC hasn’t made a decision like OCLC to add things like 33
338. May be only ad hoc unless a
program is developed that could be safely programmatically applied.
Kathy Glennan will be the next ALA representative to JSC
RDA next release in July, then Nov.
May release: French and German translation
s are available to all users. All chapters are now reworded.
Fast track changes: relationship designat
ors. They are documented on JSC page 6
Changes approved in Nov. by JSC will be in the July release along with fast track changes,
corrections, example corrections, and new relationship designators. Check the update history list of
significant changes in the Toolkit
RDA continuous revision process….
Variant titles as variant access points
Instructions for tre
Color content 7.17
Capitalization of hyphenated compounds (append
Substantial revision of Appendix K (relationship designators for relationships between person, families
and corporate bodies)
Changes based on new version of the Chicago Manual of
of responsibility vs
performer, narration, presenter and artistic and/or technical credits
should these be given as statements of responsibility and access points
actionable data elements
Subjects in RDA
next JSC representative.
If you want CC:DA to discuss something contact a CC:DA member or liaison
The JSC meeting is Nov 4
9 so approved changes should come out in 2014
Subject analysis (how to consider creation of a subject)
should be in the RDA chapter on subject
Revised OCLC Policy Statement came out Mar. 31.
RDA is not require
at continues to be a master record data
, policy attempts to look forward
to a post
MARC world; policy attempts to balance dual roles of WorldCat as a catalog and repository of
discusses the policy, hybrid records (
what can be added to AACR bibs), and
: technical bulletin 262
Updated versions of LC/NACO name authority re
ds distributed in March 2013
Updated versions of LCSH subject authority re
More than 2 million bib records with controlled headings were updated
Now working on updating access points that are not controlled
LC‘s revised records were no
t loaded into OCLC. Many records in OCLC had been revised by member
libraries so they instead are sticking to their original plans to revise certain types of records with certain
fields. When libraries had enhanced records with validation links, the record
s automatically updated so
the LC changes would be moot.
Most changes from technical bulletin 261 and 262 are no
in the Bibliographic Formats & Standards.
They are starting to include more RDA examples.
Revisions to records will be announced in OCLC
OCLC looking at how Schema.org (general) can
work with BIBFRAME (more detailed)
3 of the task groups: Access Points for Expressions
PCC conform to LC practice as minimum but allow
careful catalogers judgment to included additional information; Hybrid Record Guideli
desirable to recatalog bibs some RDA elements can be very positive and therefore identified
enhancements that can be added; Relationship Designators
recommend use of RDA but others may be
will be se
tting up a mechanism for su
ggesting additional designators.
Task Group on Authorities in a non
ddressing identities in both an RDA and linked
data environment. Part 1
alternatives to undifferentiated name authorities. Authorities in a non
ll require URI’s. This will involve resources outside the LC authorities. They are looking at
the role of faceted displays. They are also looking at how to identify relationship with again resources
outside our local environments.
LOOK FOR TG DESCRIPTION
All PCC records must have RDA access points
677 fields generally mean the e
ntry is not conformant with RDA
Rewording is complete
They document the RDA fast
track changes &
PCC Policy Statement changes. The AACR2 in
Catalogers Desktop points to RDA which has AACR2 in it
The toolkit with have an upgraded workflow and map editor
Will add index back in
Improve integration with the RDA registry
Will include other poli
cy statements (National Library of Australia)
Will improve bookmarks
up 169% over last year. Continues to run at a loss but expected to break even on a yearly basis
Next print Sept. 2013
They are g
oing to experiment with an RDA ebo
ok. Links would work but not have PCC policy statements
and be updated annually. This would work on Kindle, Nook, etc.
laws & Constitution
After the RDA update forum I planned to catch up with this, but they
were gone. It is the committee I
will be attending next ALA.
PCC Participants implementation 2012
"Where the Wild Things Are."
innovative projects involving PCC institutions or members: Penn's VCAT and
facets, the latest
developments at ISNI, web archiving, and a linked data project focused on jazz.
Relationship designators and facets: vcat
Beth Picknally Camden
They continue to use $4 for some types of entries, e.g. Director, Producer, etc.
Their catalog can’t have
very many facets because it slows down the system. They made a separate catalog for 25,000 video
recordings because they needed more facets for $4. They used the set of $4’s they chose to always use
as facets and display a label f
or each, e.g. Director:
They will switch to RDA terms. They are going to use
style sheets to display
the new terms rather than changing the bibs.
International Standard Name Identifier
ISNI will support linked data.
OCLC (Leiden) is
responsible assignment agency.
identifies public identities of all persons and organizations playing a role in created works
digit unique identifier
Acts as a bridge identifier across multiple doma
ns: rights m
, more accurate discovery services
spanning all domains, provide an infrastructure for generating links
It does b
matching following process in VIAF
ISNI is d
oing matching using 3 or more VIAF sources matched
. Corrections are
made and fed back into
Schema.org can retrieve data with isni IDs
There is consideration of loading ISNIs into NACO with the British
Library responsible for management
ISNI is working with many different sources and different metadata
libraries, vendors, organizations,
Isni is working on parallel developments for discrete audiences: researchers
articles theses, isni in
(open researcher & contributor ID)
, institutional….., music
ETOC and other uncontrolled sources: the challenge
looking at 30 million articles and 90 million names
ORCID is alive people; there is also ODIN including dead people
institutional ID registration organization
NOTE: this is cool. It fits into what I think would be cool with authority records.
be able to
used for my library to
show images when available for an author, pertinent data, etc. in a
knowledge graph and then list books and e
resources we have. The problem is names in a discovery tool
like Primo have different forms of the name but couldn’t we use VIAF to cross check wo
rks with names.
ISNI is working on that! Cool!
Web Archives as research library collections. Alex Thurman
They are doing something like Internet Archive but with more quality control
Linked jazz project
Linked jazz project
application of linked open data (LOD) technology to digitize archival jazz history
They are taking a new approach
it relates data between different repositories
Includes transcriptions of oral interviews
Created a name directory
They queried dbpedia with sparql to find data
The linked jazz API outputs in JSON, RDF triples, gephi GEXF files
International Relations Committee #18.3
Committee on Organization #27
Two resolutions were prop
to reduce the number of committee members. Approved. The
other is to
retire the current Committee Information Update Form, and ask that each ALA committee and
Council committee provide a semi
annual report listing a list of issues to be included.
If they meet annually
and are done
, just refer to the previous repor
Policy Monitoring Committee #17.1
action items were presented to revise
the text for these
items in the ALA policy manual:
1. Protecting Library User Confidentiality, and
2. Guidelines for Preparation of Resolutions to Council.
The items were
approved earlier, but committee
has identified where in the manual the items go.
3. Membership meetings.
Constitution and Bylaws Committee #25
The Committee had a r
equest for approval of applicat
ion for affiliate status for
the Library and
ociation of New Zealand Otorrora.
The other action item was related to confidentiality
said “the category to which personal member belongs, except Honorary and Life Members, shall
not be specified in the Directory”. Since there is no directory, that
part of the statement should be
removed. Text regarding filling vacancies was reworded to obtain consistency in wording.
International Relations Committee
WIPO Treaty for Improved Access for People Who are Bind, Visually Impaired, and with other
Disabilities. At Midwinter Council passed a resolution supporting the WIPO Treat to assist the Library
Copyright Alliance in its efforts to get the U.S. delegation
to WIPO to support a treaty that will achieve
the goals of libraries.
The work now ne
eds to be done in the US Congress.
In Canada, a code of conduct was issued by LAC that appeared to muzzle staff from involvement in
organizations. The issuer of the code has been let go, so the code presumably no longer restricts
librarians from involvemen
t in organizations
but has not been removed
Freedom to Read Foundation #22
Check FTRF.org for their report
Resolution on Prayer in ALA meetings #44
Resolved, that the American Library Association adopt as policy the following statement:
The American L
ibrary Association, as a secular institution in a country that is increasingly diverse
religiously, refrains from having public prayers during its meetings. Moments of silence may be observed
to honor a specific person or event
esolution in support of whistlerblower Bradley Manning #38
Resolved, that the American Library Association opposes the prosecution of Bradley Manning.
to refer to the Committee on Legislation. They are already working on something
and we should see it at Council III.
Referred to COL and IFC
Resolution on Library Service to the Community in a Natural Disaster #41
, that the American Lib
(ALA), on behalf of its members:
Acknowledges that many libraries across the country have provided library and emergency
services in disasters including storms, fires, earthquakes and floods and applauds those actions;
Recognizes the sign
ificant contributions of libraries and library staff who have provided effective
emergency response/recovery services, and responded to the needs of their communities
following hurricanes Sandy and Irene in ways that go above and beyond the regular call o
Requests that ALA Divisions research library needs and capacity in order to provide effective e
government and emergency response/recovery services as an essential part of library missions
Shall direct a letter acknowledging the work and contributi
ons of libraries and library staff to the
State Chapters in the affected states of New York, New Jersey, Vermont and Connecticut at this
time to be passed on to the appropriate parties, and in the future ensure that such a letter is
sent whenever libraries
lead community recovery.
Resolution on Divestment of Holdings in Fossil Fuel Companies, CD #42 Revised 7/1/13
Resolved that the ALA on behalf
of its members:
Begin divesting in the fossil fuel industry by excluding our three hol
dings in the
the Endowment Trustees Information report to BARC that have little or no significant impact in the short
term in ALA.
is being supported by criticism of fracking and the goal is to “attack” such industries
Much support was voiced for a greener earth which I do support,
but the technical ability of the Endowment Trustees to pick away at how money is invested, which might
be impossible, I believe this really has little effect. Gree
ner earth can be approached other ways than this
I voted against,
and it failed.
Motion to refer CD #39
of Whistleblower Edward Snowden
to IFC and COL
Already tweeted and Facebook’d that ALA supports this.
Future of Subject Analysis in
the BIBFRAME Model
He sees the work on BIBFRAME as trying to develop a platform on which to include our data in the web.
There are key fundamental principles to the web but when used cooperatively, c
an do amazing things.
niquely identifiable things that have a single
directional link to another
thing. Underlying it all is a
http. You send a request, the application receives, and if it finds a something okay to send
back, you see the
data. In the mean time in the background a little bookmark tracks the activity. These
logs can track “if
then” and work as web triggers. It is being integrated into how we use the web. It
starts to make predictable links between things that have been searc
hed. Based on certain actions, there
are triggers to do certain other things. E.g. Twitter can be fed to Facebook. This is a powerful way to do
actionable things in the Web.
the network of it is where the triggers can work for us. We as a group
have the opportunity
to work together.
BIBFRAME is a core model for defining web control points….
catalogs 101 tips for supporting campers with autism;
camps for children with mental
autism spectrum disorders
’ are okay subjects but not quite. So in BIBFRAME she
describes the book, connects to the author, to the publisher, and she creates a new local subject. She
can define it and relate it to the already defined subjects. If a user follows from her term to the
authorized headings, it leaves bread crumbs. In the background you can see that all this occurred and
others could use them too
hence they are shared even though not in the controlled vocabulary.
you see this, you could prepa
re a formal new subject
request and when you see the choices others
made, that could inform your proposal.
Once the decision is made for a new heading, it can be
This is not just recasting MARC. It is about taking advantage of the power of the web.
nce part of this and is that what the bookmark collects?
Provenance is not really part of the
it is just pointing. But you have created a new subject with a new identifier but through
linking it could come back and update it once formally appr
Our ILSs don’t do well with our hierarchical relationships that we have already developed. Will BIBFRAME
do a better job because of the links? You look up something and should be able to follow the links.
BIBFRAME is trying to be broader than just l
ibraries that can cause an issue with specifics in a particular
community. There are more off
shelf tools available to us if we are using web linking rather than the
current structure in our ILSs using MARC records.
We need to separate the data issue f
rom the interface
issue. Couldn’t we search “songs” and then see a list of other terms in our hierarchies or have check
boxes to select several, etc.
The user may be interested in terms from several vocabularies, eg. LCSH and
lcgft and aat. [ How these get
connected is a semantic issue
when does one mean the other, and how
specific do we need to define that? ]
How can we apply patterns in the subject manual a
nd which terms fall under them and reapply the
principles for each to other terms.
What about peop
le who click wrong things but the bread crumbs have tracked that
right? There is
something called “stickiness” which analyzes when that happens and can show where you need to
improve your interface and/or data.
There is testing in
industries that can stu
When we have a CD compilation we have never been able to link a subject to the title that is that
subject? No, unless you go ahead and identify it, i.e. create work records for each (and work records can
have subjects). So when you catalog the CD
you have identifiable parts and you identify the whole. LC
has being trying tackle some contents notes and see if they can create a work record for each and you
could then attach the subject to.
“Functional granularity of description”
Now what about
h performers that are different?
John Attig brought up the fact that many of the relationships we talk are about are semantic
relationships. The socializing aspect of how we utilize the web to contruct the BIBFRAME platform will
push the bo
that’s good. The meanings we care about are in work records, in subject records,
and then your MARC record is an assemblage of those
and how will BIBFRAME show the semantics? It
has control points for where you graft these things into. In the BI
BFRAME context there is no primary
entry point thought an interface that may chose one of them. [But doesn’t this give us a choice in how
we design interfaces or even given the user the choice of where to start?] BIBFRAME
Make the simple
things simple; m
ake the complex things possible.
At the W3C level a person can be something can enter
into a contract (law), but we think of a human who writes, [etc.] [ BIBFRAME is BIBLIOGRAPHIC
FRAMEWORK so we are defining in that realm.]
The web is the most
powerful communication ever conceived
The web is becoming the powerful data management plat
BIBFRAME provides a set of constr
cts to advantage of the Web to enable Libraries to cooperate far
more effectively than ever before
possible in bib
but for BIBFRAME it
makes most sense in Work/Expression authority records
While trying to work on genres it became apparent that some existing terms aren’t
going to work very
American poets mean you have poets, Chinese, Americans. How do get natural language
phrases without subdivision?
Categories that the terms/concepts belong to
could be in the record. What she has brought to SAC
yet approved by LC to actually go forward. If it seems doable she will go back and try to get
At this time there aren’t very often appropriate terms at all.
The idea would be the vocabulary would start based on LCSH, but once established it would
be open to
the SACO proposal process.
Adam thought hierarchies should be included in these terms, i.e. BT NT
then BIBFRAME would have
relationships to work with.
What about some terms
that could have multiple roles and cases where pre
s are semantically necessary but the proposal is avoiding strings.
In the authority
record there would be pre
fix to the number, 040 $e (f), … but what about the tag? Janis asked if she
could put it somewhere other that MARC and Kevin Ford said to put it i
n MARC. If we put them in 150
will some systems shove them into 650 rather than the 385 and 386.
What about geographic descriptors
Californians or do we use something like 751 California, Calif.
Library of Congress report to SAC summary
Integrated Library System
The Library is working to resolve performance problems in the redesigned
LC Online Catalog. That new interface is available to staff and patrons at:
The Library is
planning to upgrade to Voyager 8.2 later in 2013.
LC is transitioning to online
only publication of its cataloging documentation
and will cease printing new editions of its subject headings and classification schedules, and other
cataloging publications. Instead, LC will provide free downloa
dable PDFs of these titles
ID's Linked Data Service (ID/LDS) Project
one new vocabularies related to the PREMIS
standard for preservation metadata were added to the Linked Data Service
Authorities & Vocabularies
). This portal is primarily for developers to enable them to programmatically interact
“linked data”) with vocabularies commonly found in standards promulgated by LC.
New Bibliographic Framework Initiative
The Library of Congress published on the Web in
November 2012 a high level model for BFI: “
Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data:
Model and Supporting Services” at
LC also made available for download two software code sets that convert current
MARCXML records to BIBFRAME.
The Library now also offers a demonstration area at
Two discussion papers, on BIBFRAME
Authority and the BIBFRAME
Annotation Model, were issued in May 2013 and are available at URL
Cataloging in Publication Program E
Since the ALA Midwinter Meeting in January
2013, LC has moved forward in developing a mechanism for ingesting e
books delivered through the
Cataloging in Publicat
ion program for preservation purposes and eventual access by users on
related resources have been added to
with RDA cataloging implementation.
The latest addition is
LC fully implemented
RDA: Resource Description & Access
for all authority work
and most bibliographic records on March 31, 2013. Course materials included trainee manuals in
Microsoft Word for lecture and discussion, complementary PowerPoint presentations, and online quizzes
to enhance retention and recall. Al
l course materials and supporting documentation are being shared
freely with the cataloging world through the Catalogers’ Learning Workshop website at
. BIBCO RDA webinars following the use of online RDA training
modules available at
Library of Congress
Program for Cooperative Cataloging Policy Statements
The first update to
the Library of Congress
Program for Cooperative Cataloging Policy Statements (LC
PCC PS) for 2013 was
published in May.
Programmatic Changes to the LC
/NACO Authority File for RDA
Changes to the LC/NACO Name
Authority File known as “Phase 2” of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) project to make
certain headings acceptable under RDA, were begun on March 4 and successfully completed on March
, 2013. A total of 371,942 name authority records were changed. For details on the types of changes
made to headings, see the website of the PCCAHITG at
, or a summary of those changes at
Classification and Shelflisting M
PSD has now completed its review of the CSM in light of RDA
instructions. Revisions to the instruction sheets that were most heavily impacted by the changes have
been posted in PDF form on ABA’s website at
F 175 (Editions); F 275
(Biography); F 603 (Government Documents); F 632 (Literary Authors); F 633 (Literary Authors:
Subarrangement of Works); F 634 (Literary Collections); G 100 (Filing Rules); G 140 (Dates); G 145
(Editions); G 150 (Translations/Texts
in Parallel Languages); G 220 (Corporate Bodies); G 230
(Conferences, Congresses, Meetings, Etc.); and G 340 (Criticism/Commentaries).
Revisions to LCSH Due to RDA Phase 2
A list of all of the headings that were revised as part of this
project may be found at
Fictitious and Legendary Characters, and Animals with Proper Names
Historically, headings for
fictitious and legendary characters and an
imals with proper names have been established as subject
headings in LCSH.
With RDA, these entities can now be considered creators or contributors to
According to the current LC
PCC Policy Statements, when a fictitious or legendary character, or
amed animal, is a creator or contributor, a name authority record should be made
in addition to
That instruction will change with the July 9, 2013 update to the RDA Toolkit.
policy will state that a name authority record shou
ld be created if an individual character or an animal
with a proper name is needed for the descriptive access point.
LC has been collaborating with the Music Library Association on medium of performance vocabulary,
Library of Congress Medium of Performan
ce Thesaurus for Music
(LCMPT). The vocabulary is intended to
be used, at least initially, for two bibliographic purposes: 1) to retrieve music by its medium of
performance in library catalogs, as is now done by the controlled vocabulary
Library of Congres
(LCSH); and 2) to record the element “medium of performance” of musical works, as
represented in individual music resources cataloged according to
RDA: Resource Description and Access
Discussed: reduction in size of Council
we of course believe the state chapter councilors play a key roe
and should be retained; chapter relevance in the Chapter Relations program; Declaration of Library
just how are we to use it
just in state convention or in our cities or what?; whistleblower
resolutions we kept seeing with revisions we didn’t know how got there; how are we to vote
“conscience” which I interpret to mean what I believe best serve
libraries in North Dakot
careful about replying to everyone when a person is just asking for input
Aleph fiscal year r
ALA Council III
Treasurer’s report #13.2
In fiscal year 2013 we have implemented a budget reduction of $1.9 million mostly due to losses in
publishing; 2014 budget was reduced by $1 mil due to expected losses in conferences. ALA will hold open
33 positions and not give raises.
Our budget must be
focused on our programmatic priorities. Budgetary ceiling will be $28,821,439. The
budgetary ceilings are increased for Divisions due to 2 having conferences this year. The Roundtables
have 3.5 times their asset balance so Divisions and Roundtables are in
good financial shape. Motion was
to approve budgetary ceilings. 63,944,617.
Jim Neal listed a number of ideas for considering the future of financial stability for ALA.
They were very
ALA treasurer’s site
Council on Committees
Julius C Jefferson, Roberto Carlos Delgadillo,
ohn C. DeSantis, Ebony M Henry
Planning and Budget
Stevenson, Patty Dudley, Elena Rosenfeld
Committee on Legislation #20.3
Resolution in CD 19.2 and 20.4
that the whistleblowers resolutio
ns that were referred to COL and IFC
aced by CD#19.2 and 20.4 and be adopted.
, that the American Library Association (ALA):
Reaffirms its unwavering support for the fundamental principles that undergird our free and
democratic society, incl
uding a system of public accountability, government transparency, and
oversight that supports people's right to know about and participate in our government,
In light of present revelations related to NSA's surveillance activities
conducted pursuant to
ders issued by the Foreign Intelligent Surveillance Court (FISC) under Sections 215 and 702 of
the USA PATRIOT Act
the American Library Association calls upon the U.S. Congress, President
Obama, and the Courts to reform our nation's climate of secrecy, ove
rclassification, and secret
law regarding national security and surveillance, to align with these democratic principles;
Urges the U.S. Congress and President Obama to provide authentic protections that prevent
government intimidation and criminal prosecu
tion of government employees and private
contractors who make lawful disclosures of wrong doing in the intelligence community; and be
Calls upon the public to engage in and our members to lead public dialogues discussing the right
acy, open government and balancing civil liberties and national security;
Encourages the public to support bills and other proposals that both secure and protect our rights
to privacy, free expression and free association and promote a more open, transpar
government and be further resolved, that
Expresses its thanks and appreciation to the members of Congress who work to protect our
privacy and civil liberties.
Frustration over the process was expressed as it came up because it came up multiple times a
referred and was confusing to councilors attending the meeting. Those that felt we should be protecting
Manning and Snowden, were upset
because they supported those resolutions and this one eliminates
. However, the new resolution elegantly stat
es ALA’s position.
Resolution urging Congress to Designate the Government Printing Office as the Lead Agency to manage
the lifecycle of digital United States Government Information #20.5
that the American Library Association (ALA):
and web sites;
urges Congress authorize the Government Printing Office to develop and administer standards
and procedures for the United States federal government which include rules for dismantling sites
and archiving web content, including the preservation of all pert
inent data protocols,
documentation, and software programs for evaluating and manipulating the content for
permanent public access;
urges Congress require that the Government Printing Office consult with the United States federal
publishing agencies, the N
ational Libraries, and professional library and archiving groups in the
development of these standards and procedures;
urges Congress provide the Government Printing Office sufficient funding to handle the archiving
of web content, to perform its duties
on an ongoing basis and additional funding as necessary to
fully assist agencies when they are forced to decommission a web site.
COL has a task force on government documents. Their work is on ALA CONNECT
Intellectual Freedom Committee #19
Supporting Librarians Sued for Doing Their Professional Duty #19.3
Resolved, that the American Library Association
Most strongly urges publishers to refrain from actions such as filing libel suits when in disagreement with
librarians who have publically s
hared their professional opinions and instead to rely upon the free
exchange of views in the marketplace of ideas to defend their interests as publishers
Patriot Act 215 report. This had been request on the listserv. When will we get the requested report
about the work of the Washington Office’s lobbying activity?
Resolution to Decrease Printing for Council Meetings #50
Resolved, that the American Library Association, on behalf of its members:
Requests that the ALA Executive Director to develop and
implement an opt
in program for
Councilors to elect to receive electronic
only Council documents and reduce the number of
regularly printed copies of documents.
All of the Annual Conference Council documents are now posted on the Council page at:
Unable to attend:
Faceted Subject Access Interest Group
FAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology)
ALCTS CCS Subject Analysis Com
2013 Annual Meeting
is an enumerative faceted subject heading schema derived from the Library of
Congress Subject Headings (LCSH). Easier to apply and capable of successful
application by non
professionals, FAST provides
a rich LCSH vocabulary that is
available as a post
dinate system in a Web environment. OCLC Research has
been working to develop FAST for over a decade. A range of prototype applications
is now available:
This Web Service, new in July 2012 and currently being integrated into
es the manual selection of FAST Subjects based on
A Google Maps mashup that
based access to bibl
using FAST geographic authorities.
mapFAST allows users to access FAST headings for specific locations,
as well as FAST headings for surrounding locations that also are FAST
Top three user countries: United States, Netherlands
We recently released a mobile version, accessible via browser at
available as an Android app.
searchFAST is a full
feature user interface for identifying and accessing
Top three user countries: New Zealand, United States, Netherlands
FAST as Linked Data
This experimental Linked Open Data serv
ice provides access to the FAST data set
under the Open Data Commons Attribution License.
Total headings: 1.7 million
Personal names: 704,143
Corporate names: 357,625
Uniform titles: 61,633
Access FAST as Linked Data at:
The FAST data set is available for download at:
FAST in WorldCat
headings have been successfully added to an off
line copy of OCLC's
1,678,279 distinct FAST headings (excluding
with a single authority record.
distinct LCSH headings
names valid as subjects) with
approximately 7.5% controlled by a
single authority record.
For additional details, visit the FAST activity page at
or contact either
Ed O’Neill at
firstname.lastname@example.org or Eric Childress at email@example.com.