Environmental Management: Resource Consumption: Minimizing ...

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Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Custodian: EHS Unit
Authorised by: EHS Unit
Document No.: FME 03-1.0
Page 1 of 5
G:\Environment Health and Safety\INFORMATION MANAGEMENT\UNIVERSI
T
PUBLICATIONS\Web Site\Site files\sustainable
site\difference\office_lab\lab\criteria.doc
Original Issue Date: 26.04.2002
Current Version: 24.03.2003



CRITERIA

ACTIONS

Environmental Management:

Environmental Awareness:

• An environmental aspects register.
• Environmental issues discussed regularly.
• Environmental issues communicated to staff and
students.
• Environmental aspects register to be complete and
up-to-date, known of and available to all staff.
• Environmental issues in departmental meeting
template and proposals considered.
• Via official university induction for staff and
students, all environmental issues including Green
Laboratory Program.
Resource Consumption:
Water:

 Use of water aspirators
 Water left to run
 Water use minimized
 No water aspirators used for suction. Procedures
requiring their need are to be phased out or altered.
 The same applies for procedures where water is left
running for periods of time.
 On the whole, water use is to be minimized.
Electricity:

 Use of lights and other pieces of equipment
 Use of fume hood
 All lights to be turned off when leaving for the day
or for prolonged periods during the day. Do not
leave for someone else to do.
 Other equipment and fume hood to be turned off
when not in use.
 Sashes lowered in fume hoods while in use.
Natural Gas/LPG:

 Use of heat and fuel
 Aim for minimal wastage of heat and fuel.
 Equipment to be turned off when not in use.
Chemicals, gases, biological agents & radiation:

 Up-to-date Chemical Inventory
 Minimization of chemicals storage and use
 Introduction of less toxic substances
 Ensuring safe radiation practices
 Use of biological agents
 See Appendix One for a recommendation on what a
detailed Chemical Inventory should contain.
 Substitute where possible, with less toxic substances
 Purchase minimum amounts (no more than what is
needed).
 Where possible, share chemical stores. For
example, a 2.5L Winchester bottle of HCl between a
numbers of labs from the one floor.
Laboratory ware:

 Use of disposable and non-disposable laboratory
ware

 Reuse and/or recycle of disposable laboratory ware
where possible – pipette tip boxes, glass slides
 Use recyclable non-disposable laboratory ware
where practical – most forms of glassware except
Pyrex or Schott products, plastic ware with
recyclable symbols 1, 2, 3
Packaging (without compromising safety):

 The purchase of packaged products
 Disposal of packaging
 Purchase laboratory consumables and aim for
minimum packaging
 Packaging reused or recycled – cardboard/paper etc
into VISY Paper bin; plastic, milk cartons,
aluminium and tin in VISY commingle bin
Paper:

 Minimize consumption
 Establish recycling program
 Minimize the need to print and photocopy.
Electronically transfer more documents but if need
be, aim to double-sided print and photocopy where
possible.
 Distribute VISY paper recycling bins in laboratory
and adjoining offices*(link to list of Yes/No for
what can go in the bins)
Minimizing waste generation and
environment impact:
Generation of solid, liquid and gaseous waste:

 Minimization of waste; both hazardous and non-
hazardous
 Redesign processes to generate minimal types of
waste
 Reusing & recycling potential waste where possible
 Reassess procedures to see where that may be
practical
Segregation to facilitate reuse and recycle
:

 Chemicals
 Paper
 Aluminium
 Segregate products for recycling – using specific
recycling bins. Commingle bin for glass,
aluminium, milk cartons, recyclable plastics
 Reuse EPS eskies. Share with other labs
Custodian: EHS Unit
Authorised by: EHS Unit
Document No.: FME 03-1.0
Page 2 of 5
G:\Environment Health and Safety\INFORMATION MANAGEMENT\UNIVERSI
T
PUBLICATIONS\Web Site\Site files\sustainable
site\difference\office_lab\lab\criteria.doc
Original Issue Date: 26.04.2002
Current Version: 24.03.2003


ded Polystyrene (EPS)
For
example, glass ware for stains, reagents

 Glass
 Expan
 Steel
 Plastic
 Set up possibilities for reusing products.
Disposal of wastes so as to minimize total
environmental impact:

 Strict monitoring of wastes going down the si
 Disposal of more hazardous materials
n to trade waste
riate
d organized through Department
ty and
avy
terials disposed
nk
considering dilution factor
 More hazardous waste collected by an approp
company an
 Acidic and alkali waste to be neutralized
 If in minute volumes then ru
Manager
 Trade waste disposal managed by Proper
Buildings. Any concerns, contact them
 No disposal of heavy metals down sink
 Thus equipment and consumables containing he
metals and other hazardous ma
through Department Manager
Minimizing Gaseous Emissions:
Fume hood emissions:

hrough wind
s
ith regulations for
 Greenhouse emissions minimized
 Face velocity
 Greenhouse emissions
 Health risks outside buildings
 Suck-back into building intakes or t ows
 Minimize gases/vapour emitted from fume hood
 Fume hoods comply with appropriate AS 2243
 Fume hoods height complies w
allowing adequate dispersion
Air quality within the laboratory:

y;
vibration and
 Dust
se of products
mit harmful fumes to be
od
k assessment of
harmful
 Use of mercur
 Asbestos;
 Vapours;
 Odours;
 Noise
 Procedures altered to cease the u
creating harmful gases/vapours
 All work with potential to e
conducted in a fume ho
 All asbestos removed
 Mercury to be eliminated. Do a ris
mercury use within the laboratory
 Dispose of all unused forms of
gases/vapours appropriately
 Oil mist filters on vacuum pumps:
CFCs:

 Use of CFCs within the lab
s before
 Eliminate CFCs from the laboratory
 Where possible, elimination of CFCs
 Consultation with Property and Building
disposal of equipment containing CFCs
Minimizing disposal to Trade Waste:
Risk of unintended discharges:

 Various laboratory procedures
ize risk of unintended
all hazardous liquids
 Change practices to minim
discharges to trade waste
 Block off floor drains where possible
 Bunding and containment for
in storage, transport and use
Control of pH:

inimize quantities in
 Eliminate where possible, all disposal of acids and
alkalis to trade waste, and m
wash water controlled pH
Storage and Transport of Hazardous
ses (inc. wastes):
Substances:
Chemical clas

es or vapours
and containment compliant
t, waste containers and
flood level
rds against leaking gases
• Labelling
• Segregation
• Bunding of liquids (inc. wastes)
• Leaking of gas
• Segregation, labelling
with DG Regulations
• Labelling for all reagen
laboratory equipment
• No storage of chemicals below 50 year
• All liquids adequately bunded
• Safegua
Safe transport:

• In, out and within the laboratory
• Handling and disposal of wastes
ent used for transporting all
zardous
als in the laboratory
Supply:
• Adequate safety equipm
hazardous substances
• Appropriate training for handling of ha
substances. Training in spill response
• Spill kits, clearly labelled and adequate for potential
spills due to all kinds of chemic
Custodian: EHS Unit
Authorised by: EHS Unit
Document No.: FME 03-1.0
Page 3 of 5
G:\Environment Health and Safety\INFORMATION MANAGEMENT\UNIVERSI
T
PUBLICATIONS\Web Site\Site files\sustainable
site\difference\office_lab\lab\criteria.doc
Original Issue Date: 26.04.2002
Current Version: 24.03.2003


ta Sheets (MSDS):Material Safety Da

• Availability
us or non-hazardous)
they
• Staff knowledge
• MSDS reliable and up-to-date
• Readily available for staff of all substances within the
laboratory (hazardo
• Ensure basic knowledge in MSDS for substances
specifically using
Legal obligations:
Licenses and Permits to hold and use toxic
chemicals or biological substances:

• Comply with legislation governing chemical and
biological substances
Licensing of radiation/radioactive substances:

• Ensure licenses are up-to-date
• Comply with conditi

ons of license
Dangerous Goods Manifest up-to-date:

, up-to-date chem• Is determined by an accurate ical
Goods Act*(link to
http://www.unimelb.edu.au/ehsm/5.html#5.2.3.
inventory
• Comply with manifest provisions of Dangerous
Miscellaneous issues:
Back-flow prevention:


n water and waste
g
hoses lying in sinks
• Guard against contamination of “town water” within
• Provide education on importance of back-flow
prevention
the building
• Eliminate couplings between tow
water – plastic tubing hanging from taps, coolin
water outlet
Standard of environmental performance:

ntractors or collaborators working in th
• Field work
l standards
• Including co e
• Contractors/collaborators briefed on and compliant
with University’s environmenta
laboratory
• Field staff are trained in field-work guidelines and
competent in their application
Quarantine permit (if required):

• Permit current and all appropriate personnel trained
and apply quarantine procedures
in
Floor covering in good condition:

• Use non-slip floor covering without cracks or gaps
d where toxic substances like mercury, could be trappe
Roles/Responsibilities defined within the
laboratory:

• As required for environmental procedures)
ry responsibilities:
transport of hazardous waste;
tal audit of laboratory
• Defined
• Documented
• Assign laborato
- Checking labelling and
- Updating DGM;
- Monitoring spill kits;
- Responding to emergency situations;
- Periodic environmen
Environmental Objectives and Targets,
Improved Programs:

• Set jointly by staff, students and management
• Programs established and periodically reviewed
• Regular communication of Department performance
against established ind
• Performance indicators and regularly reported
programs established as required

icators
• Monitoring

• Performance standards documented and
communicated
• Objectives, targets and indicators for improvement
established and communicated
• Continuous or periodic environmental management
programs established
Training:
Legal Requirements:

• Environmental awareness and university policy
Systems and procedures applicable to environmental
erformance
al
tion of
all


issues

• All laboratory personnel aware of university policy
and need for sound environmental p
• All laboratory personnel aware of environmental leg
obligations pertinent to their work
• There needs to be complete documenta
environmental training and competency tests for
laboratory personnel readily available
Use of hazardous substances:

• Chemical use and clean-up in the laboratory
ained in all
hazards involved with chemical use
trained to cope with spills
Education and training for staff/students with
environmental responsibility

• Awareness of MSDS location and tr
• All staff

Communication
e
, Documentation and
ng:

R cords:
Incident reporti

and hazard reporting and
for reporting incidents and hazards
f incidents
d hazards
• System for incident
investigation
Document:
• Process used
• Investigating and resolving cause o
an
• Regular review of these processes
Establish:
Custodian: EHS Unit
Authorised by: EHS Unit
Document No.: FME 03-1.0
Page 4 of 5
G:\Environment Health and Safety\INFORMATION MANAGEMENT\UNIVERSI
T
PUBLICATIONS\Web Site\Site files\sustainable
site\difference\office_lab\lab\criteria.doc
Original Issue Date: 26.04.2002
Current Version: 24.03.2003


Document control:

• Accounting for all documents pertinent to all work
undertaken in the laboratory

ensure required documentation is
ted documentation cannot
System for records management (aids in fulfilling
operational, legal and due diligence requirements)
• Process to
available for those who need it
• A process where out-da
be used
• System for capturing and securely storing
environmental records
• Availability of records to all personnel
Operational Control and Emergency
Response:

Process Control:

• Formal evaluation of environmental aspects of all
work regularly done in laboratory
• Environmental risks (loss of control) and
actual/potential environmental impacts identified
• Actions taken to reduce risks to acceptable leve
alleviate effec
l and

ts of foreseeable incidents
ts
d and
vironmental impacts assessed
Operational controls in place to prevent “loss of
control” or to alleviate potential environmental
• All major activities assessed for environmental
aspects and potential environmental impac
outcomes of all assessments documented
• Foreseeable “loss of control” situations identifie
potential en

impacts
Measuring Emergency response competency:

• Planning for foreseeable building and campus
emergencies
em

Periodic drills, mock ch

ical and biological spills
Training in building and campus emergencies
Drills conducted to reinforce training in processes and
conducted


spill clean-up


Audit and Review:
Conducting of Audits:

• Audit programs established which involves ev
conducting audits which Environmental Health and
ery
Safety aspects
• Carried out audit training and competence testing
staff/student working in the laboratory
• Audit outcomes to be reported to all staff
• Establish and implement a periodic schedule for

Follow-up:


Procedure to establishing and following up audit
and
s
There must be periodic management review of
objectives, targets and overall environmental
performance in laboratory
outcomes


Periodic management review

• Establish a system for developing, completing
reviewing corrective action


LABORATORY CLEANLINESS:

Please follow the “5 S Checklist”:


ort:S


Distinguish between items in the laboratory that
belong, and items that do not.


Stabilize:

• Are items where they are supposed to be?
rubbish bins in the right location? • Are
• Is there anything that is not clearly labeled?

Shine:

• List items required keeping areas/equipment in an
ideal state.
ms/areas cleaned and how.
ze:
• List also, ite
• Where are the cleaning materials kept?

Standardi

Return out-of-place items to where they belong.

An item must be able to be easily extracted for use.
Return rubbish bins to right location if out-of-place.
Follow-up items that require labelling.
Ensure cleaning list has steps for cleaning what,
where and their normal location.
Review checklist, ensuring environmental cleanliness

Does the group review the checklist regularly?








• Remove items from the laboratory that do not belong
there.














is covered as well.
Custodian: EHS Unit
Authorised by: EHS Unit
Document No.: FME 03-1.0
Page 5 of 5
G:\Environment Health and Safety\INFORMATION MANAGEMENT\UNIVERSI
T
PUBLICATIONS\Web Site\Site files\sustainable
site\difference\office_lab\lab\criteria.doc
Original Issue Date: 26.04.2002
Current Version: 24.03.2003


Sustain:

• How often should you work through the checklist?
Who is performing the cleaning/organizing duties?

• Clean and organize regularly.
• Set up a roster.
• Periodically review how cleaning/organization of
items are going.