Dr. Paul Ruffin - AAMURI

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Dec 5, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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AMRDEC: Nanotechnology Goals
and Objectives


Paul B. Ruffin, Ph.D.

Nano Networking Workshop @ A&M

10 February 2004

1

Research, Development & Engineering Center

RDECOM Aviation & Missile

Redstone Arsenal, Alabama



Background



National Nanotechnology Initiative

o

Funding Strategy and Participating Agencies

o

Centers of Excellence

o

Army Focus Areas



Potential Applications



DoD Programs in Nanotechnology



AMRDEC’s Goals and Objectives



Summary

Presentation Outline



1959


Richard P. Feyman’s classic talk at Caltech



“There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom” that



postulated control of matter on molecular scale





1988


Eric Drexler taught first formal course in



nanotechnology at Stanford University




1996


Richard Smalley, a professor at Rice University



won Nobel Prize for discovering a new form of



carbon
-

Buckyball




2000


President Clinton announced $497M for the



National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI)

History of Carbon Nanotubes

Definitions



Nano


10
-
9
: A nanometer


is one billionth of a meter.


It’s 40,000 times smaller


than the diameter of a


human hair


o

A red blood cell is approx. 7,000 nm in diameter and 2,000 nm


in height

o

A virus has a dimension on the order of 100 nm

o

A carbon Buckyball has a diameter of 1 nm

o

A hydrogen atom is 0.1 nm



Buckyball


a molecule of 60


carbon (C
60
) atoms.

o

the natural arrangement of 60


carbon atoms bound together


to form a sealed “soccer ball
-


shaped” structure




Fullerenes


various size buckyballs


C
60
, C
70
, C
80
+ others





Carbon nanotube


carbon atoms


bound together in a hexagonal


pattern to form long cylinders.

o

a sheet of graphite (a hexagonal lattice


of carbon) rolled into a cylinder

Definitions (Cont.)



The intersection of biosciences


and electronics:
new classes of


computer and electronic circuits


for surgery



The intersection and electronics


and materials:
new classes of


computer and electronic circuits



The intersection of materials and biosciences:
new class


of chemicals & man
-
made pharmaceuticals to improve life



The intersection of all three:
nanotechnology


research


into self
-
assembling, smart materials, etc.


SCOPE

Nano
-
Technology in the World

Comparison for industrialized countries


Estimated government sponsored R&D in $ millions/year


Fiscal Year

1997

2000

2001

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Western Europe

126


200


225


Japan



120


245


465


USA



116


270


422


Others*(~)



70


110


380

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total



432


749


1,502



*Australia, Canada, China, Eastern Europe, Former Soviet Union, Israel, Korea,


Singapore, Taiwan




NNI Funding Strategy



Fundamental and Pervasive Research



Investments in Nine “Grand Challenges”



Centers of Excellence



Development of Nanotechnology


Infrastructure



Research on Societal Implications of


Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

National Nanotechnology Initiave

NNI Participating Agencies

and Funding

Fiscal Year





2003


2004


%





Appropriated


Requested Change


National Science Foundation


221


249


13

Department of Defense




243


222


-
8

Department of Energy




133


197


48

National Institutes of Health


65


70


8

NASA




33


31


-
6

NIST






69


62


-
10

Environmental Protection Agency 6


5


-
20

Department of Transportation/FAA 2


2


0

Department of Agriculture


1


10


900

Department of Justice



1


1


0


Total





774.0


849.0


10


(All in millions $)



DoD


-

MIT: Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology


-

UCSB: Center for Nanoscience Innovation for Defense


-

NRL: Nanoscience Institute





NSF


-

Cornell: Nanoscale and Engineering Center (NSEC)


-

Rice: Nanoscience in Biological and Env. & Eng. (NSEC)


-

Northwestern: Integrated Nanopattering & Detection NSEC


-

Columbia: Electronic Transport in Molecular Nanostructures NSEC


-

Harvard: Nanoscale Systems and Their Device Application NSEC


-

RPI: Directed Assembly of Nanostructures NSEC


-

Cornell: Nanobiotechnology Science and Technology Center


Nanoscale System and Information Technology


Centers of Excellence



DoE


-

Sandia: Integrated Nanosystems


-

OakRidge: Nanostructured Materials


-

Lawrence Berkeley: Molecular Foundry


-

Argonne: Nanoscale Materials


-

Brookhaven: Functional Nanomaterials





NASA


-

UCLA: Institute for Cell Mimetic Space Exploration


-

Texas A&M: Institute for Intelligent Bio
-
Nanomaterial and Structure


for Aerospace Vehicle


-

Princeton: Bio
-
inspection, Design, and Processing of Multi
-



functional Nanocomposites


-

Purdue: Institute for Nanoelectronics and Computing


Centers of Excellence

LETHALITY
PLATFORM
SURVIVIBILITY
SOLDIER
SURVIVABILITY
SENSORS
QIS
CHEMICAL BIOLOGICAL
MEDICAL
PERVASIVE SCIENCE &
TECHNOLOGY
Army Focus Areas



High
-
speed Computing and Post Silicon Electronic


Devices


-

Communicating and/or programmable molecular machines



Materials and Manufacture


-

Controlled genetic erection of large
-
scale structures


-

Artificial DNA


-

Ability to manufacture virtually anything at practically no material


cost



Medicine and Pharmaceuticals


-

Nanobots that operate inside cells to cure disease or reconstruct


damaged DNA (i.e. nanobots


replace drugs)



Environment and Energy


-

Construction using air pollution as the source of raw materials


-

Highways made of panels that collect solar energy and transport it


to the power grid

Potential Applications



Army


-

Nanostructured Polymers


-

Quantum Dots for IR Sensing


-

Nanoengineered Clusters


-

NanoComposites


-

Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology (ISN)


-

NEMS/NEMS


-

NanoCeramics


-

Quantum Computing


-

Nano Biotechnology


-

Nanoparticle Synthesis

DoD Programs in Nanotechnology



DARPA


-

Bio
-
Molecular Microsystems


-

Meta Materials


-

Molecular Electronics


-

Quantum Information Sciences


-

Nanoscale Mechanical Arrays (NEMS)




Navy


-

Nanoelectronics


-

Nanowires and Carbon Nanotubes


-

Nanostructured Materials


-

Ultrafine and Thermal Barrier Nanocoatings


-

Nanobio
-
Materials and Processes


-

Nanomagnetics and Non
-
Volatile Memories


-

IR Transparent Nanomaterials

DoD Programs in Nanotechnology



Air Force


-

Nanostructure Devices


-

Nanomaterials by Design


-

Nano
-
Bio Interfaces


-

Polymer NanoComposites


-

Hybrid Inorganic/Organic Nanomaterials


-

Nanosensors for Aerospace Applications


-

Nano
-
Energetic Particles for Explosives and Propulsion


DoD Programs in Nanotechnology

NanoShells for Thin
-
Film

Optical Coatings


NanoParticles for

Propellants, Explosives

& Coatings

NanoComposites

for MEMS & NEMS
Device Packaging

NanoTube Arrays for

High
-
Density Energy Storage


NanoElectroMechanicalSystems (NEMS)

for Next
-
Generation MEMS Devices

NanoSensors for Chemical

& Environmental

Sensing

Army Applications of Nanotechnology

Technologies

Skin

Seeker

CPU

Navigation

Controls

Datalink

Warhead

Power


System

LO/Dome Mat./Coating

Conformal/Array Antenna


Gyro < .1
°
/hr; Stiction

Self
-
Assembly


Fuzing/Safe & Arm

Warhead / Al powder

Conformal Antenna

Embedded Telemetry


Batteries / Power Sources


Al Powder, Additives

High Temp Materials


Comp. Mat’l. LO (SBIR)

Chem. Detect (ACAD)

Nano for Aviation & Missiles

Rotor/Turbine Blades

Propulsion

Seeker

CPU

Navigation

Controls

Datalink

Warhead

Power

System

Skin

Cost (
±

5%)

35%


25%


15%


10%


7%


10%


< 6%


< 6%

{Un
-
Thrott.}


< 6%




Establish a Nanotechnology Consortium in North Alabama




Evaluate the Development and Application of Emerging


Military and Commercial Nanotechnology Products,


Discoveries, and Research Throughout the Army





Develop a Roadmap for Nanotechnology Development


supporting Aviation, Missile, and Space Applications




Identify Opportunities for Accelerated/Spiral Development




Become a Center of Excellence for Aviation, Missiles, and


Space Nanotechnology

General Goals and Objectives




Develop a state
-
of
-
the
-
art laboratory infrastructure/


personnel within two years including nano manipulation,


lithography, and metrology for nanotubes, composites,


and molecular structures




Establish expertise in small number of focused


application areas within one year, expanding within


five years




Establish collaborative technical teams with two to three


key agencies and demonstrated research within one year,


prototype demos within three years




Transition AMRDEC relevant technology through industry


partnerships or to PEO within 5 years

AMRDEC’s Vision and Goals

Size, Power, & Cost

NANO Technology Areas

Common Technical Barriers and Issues:



Materials development



Understanding of molecular interactions



Process technology


Focused AMRDEC Applications:



Bio
-
Chem/Environmental Sensors



Protective and Stealth Coatings



High Energy Propellants

Recognized Advantage of:

AMCOM / MSFC

Microfabrication Facilities

∙Atomic Force Microscope

∙Scanning Electron Microscope

∙Class 100 & 1000 Cleanrooms

∙Reactive Ion Etching

∙Ion Milling

∙Photolithography

∙E
-
Beam Lithography

∙Surface Analysis

∙Polishing and Dicing

∙Wet Chemical Etching

∙Thin Film Deposition and Patterning

∙Computer Generated Mask Making

∙Front and Backside Mask Alignment

Deep Reactive Ion Etching (DRIE)

Using Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP)


Microfabrication Facilities

in Bldg. 7804

Integrated Optics and MEMS

Testing and Integration

Facilities in Bldg. 7804


Pick and Place Die Attachment


Fiber Pigtailing


Integrated Photonic Packaging


Optical Waveguide Testing


Optical Materials Evaluation


Optical Metrology

AFM,

Veeco/Digital Instruments

Nanoman IV
®

Nanotube Heat Pipes

SWNT Bundles

Measurement of High Temperature
Thermal Conductivity of Single Wall
Carbon Nanotubes for Development of
heat pipes for thermal dissipation and
temperature measurement devices

Trench

ARMY Requirements

Industry

Products

AMCOM

Picatinny

TACOM

Army

Research

Labs

Army

Applications

Nanotechnology Development Path

Academia

Industry

Gov. Labs

ARMY Systems

National

Nanotechnology

Initiative

Products

CECOM

Army

Research

Office

AMRDEC Requirements

ARMY Applications

NNI Products

Commercial Products

ID Near
-
Term Applications

& Quantify Requirements

Influence Technology


• DARPA Agent • SBIRs

Leverage Technology

•Design Modifications •Far
-
Term Apps

Become Smart Buyer

AMRDEC Test



Component, Process, & System Testing

Drive Product Schedules

Advance Technology



Convert Requirements to Issues




Perform Design Analysis


Model



Determine Theoretical Performance Limiters

AMRDEC NANO Technology
Development Strategy



Near
-
term opportunities for use


of nanomaterials and devices in


missile applications include


-

ChemBio Sensors


-

NanoParticles for Energetics


-

NanoComposites for Structures




Combining MEMS and Nano


can enhance Army mission


capabilities




Much work remains to be done


before the technology can be


fully incorporated into missiles

Summary




NanoComposite Materials




NanoMetals




NanoStructured Materials




NanoElectronics and Computing




NanoSensors




Nano Biotechnology

Potential Areas of Collaboration