Research Exercise #4 1

inspectorwormsElectronics - Devices

Nov 27, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)

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Research Exercise #
4

1











Research Exercise #
4
:

Using Hakia Search Engine to Answer a Question Regarding RFID Chips in Credit Cards






Samantha Saporito




LSC 553, Section 1

Dr. Chancellor

March
22
, 2010

Research Exercise #
4

2


S
ince I
was completely unfamiliar with

“hakia.com” and was
curious

about the
capabilities of

this search engine
,
I
typed “hakia.com” into a newly opened
I
nternet
E
xplorer
and
clicked on the “About hakia” link. I also wanted to
learn as much as I could about the search
engine so I could understand the way in which

this s
earch engine works
in order to

formulate my
searches
more effectively and increase the likelihood

of

obtain
ing

the best results.


On the “About hakia” page there were various sections of links in the left hand column;
the last section

entitled “More Infor
mation” contained four PDF files under “Documents”. I read
the second document labeled “White paper hakia Semantic
Technology”
which informed me

that
the
hakia search engine uses the QDEX method and that queries can be formed as questions
(from the exampl
es presented in the paper).
The
paper (hakia, 2010) stated that t
his search
engine has the ability to distinguish among the sixty different
types

of questions (16).

After
becoming
acquainted with the search engine, I read the assigned question and
formula
ted
questions which I could type into the search box.
The t
wo
questions were
“What are
new decision engines saying about embedding RFID chips in credit cards
?”
and
“Is there recent
news regarding embedding RFID chips in credit cards?”

I also felt it was
important to

understand who my patron was and
the scope and extent

of
available
information
that
would be
needed in order to
satisfactorily address my

patron’s
needs
. My patron was Bankie, a Chief
Technology Officer of credit card operations at a major re
tail bank (Hedgehog
National
Bank).
Bankie

required
the most
up to date

information and specifications

on RFID chips in orde
r to
make an informed decision.
B
ased on his position and experience
,

I assumed that he
would be
able to
understand the technical
terminology and specifics of RFID chips
.

Before I could
proceed with

this

task
, I had a
few
decision
s
to make
; the first
wa
s

“Should the abbreviation RFID be spelled out?”
I was wondering if
I would obtain

different
Research Exercise #
4

3


results if I used

RFID


instead of


Ra
dio Frequency Identification
”.

The second wa
s whether I
should
include
some form of date such as “March 2010” so the search engine would understand
that I
desire
d

very recent results.



Examining the results fr
om the first question (
“What are new decisio
n engines saying
about embedding RFID chips in credit cards?”
)
on the first page only
I noticed that the dates of
these articles
in their brief descriptions or links we
re not recent: years 2002, 2003, 2005, and
2007. Clearly
,

I need
ed

to add a word or two

which convey
ed

the “recentness” of the results that
I
desired

from the search.

I decided to try th
e second question which included

the word “recent” and if the results
from the second search were also not to my liking, I would then perform another searc
h
including

the date “March 2010”.
Although t
he results
on the first page

of my search

for

the
second question

(
“Is there recent news regarding embedding RFID chips in credit cards?”
)

were
closer to
the present, they were still

not
as recent as
I was seek
ing
. The date of the first article
was 2009 while the only other date I saw was from 2005.

As a result I decided to perform a third search with this question “Any news from March
2010
for

embedding RFID chips in credit cards?”
This time the results
tur
ned out to be more to
my liking
;

in fact
,

the title of the sixth article included the date “January 2010” while the
description

of the ninth article actually contained the
date “March 01, 2010”. By looking at the
dates in the titles and descriptions of th
e articles, I felt more confident that this search contained
the most recent news
, details,

or discussion
of information pertaining to

RFID chips embedded in
credit cards.

The first article

(Blood,
2009) consisted of

comments on a blog by an individual who

was
not pleased
upon
discover
ing

that a recently issued credit card contained a RFID chip. A
lthough
Research Exercise #
4

4


a
t first I did not

think

this
article
would contain information relevant to my search,

I noticed that

the second to last paragraph contained links to
a
n

a
rticle (
Johnson
, 2007
) which
discusse
d

the
risks of RFID chips and

Radio
-
frequency identification at Wikipedia

(a rather long page with
numerous footnotes and links).

Johnson (2007) stated that

“the chips are supposed to send unique, one
-
time use codes f
or
each transaction


codes that do not match the num
ber printed on the card.”
This article
provided me with
information which proved useful in formulating
another question
:

“Any news
from March 2010 for the codes
created

by RFID

chips in credit cards?”

This question is more
specific about a particular risk or
benefit

(depending on

one
’s perspective
)

of

the embedded
RFID chips in credit cards.

The second article
(Lewan, 2009)
discussed

the
potential
danger
that
once
the
tag number
of an
embedded RFID chi
p in credit cards
is discovered
, another individual can
easily
impersonate that
the credit card owner
. The article includes

several names of key individuals in
various professions who comment for and against embedded RFID chips in credit cards (Mary
Ellen

Callahan, Neville Pattinson, Katherine Albrecht, Gigi Zenk, Mark Roberti, and Mark
Lerner) and departments such as State and Homeland Security which has a Data Privacy and

Integrity Advisory Committee.
The
website for the
Data Privacy and Integrity Advis
ory
Committee
(
http://www.dhs.gov/
index.shtm
)
has numerous documents as PDFs regarding
a
search for
“RFID in credit cards”.

The third article
(
eNETInvesting.com
, 2010) p
rovided
information

regarding
the
rationale behind the decision to

include
RFID chips in credit cards, the advantages

and
disadvantages
.
This article offered the strengths and weaknesses of RFID chips in credit cards in
very general and brief terms. Clearly
, due

to the significance of the issue and the need to make a
Research Exercise #
4

5


more informed decision, I felt

Bankie

would require

more

thorough

information with a greater
degree of depth.

The fourth article

(Hale, 2010)

dealt with the serious risks of RFID chips
embedded in c
redit cards
.

The fifth article

(
iPhoneIndiaBlog.com, 2009
)
focused
on the possibility of
incorporating
RFID chips in the fourth
generation of iphone
.

The sixth article

(
GAO RFID News
, 2010)

contained information of various RFID readers and chips that are
available for sale from
GAORFID.com.
The home page

(
http://www.gaorfid.com/
)

list
ed the products and solution
s of
RFID which are available;
I found it

interesting

to

discover
which industries

were already
using
the
RF
ID technology.

The seventh article

(Biever, 2003
)
focused on Verichips

and
RFID tags

as well as the
fears of governmental surveillance
.


The
eighth

article (
Albrecht

and
McIntyre,
2003
)
opposes
the use of RFID technology since objects with this technology

present risks to the consumer.
The home page

for sypchips.com

(
Albrecht and
McIntyre,
2007
)
contained a list of articles and
links which dealt with RFID chips and pictures of various types of RFID
chips
.

The ninth article
(M, F.,
2010)

was from a blog d
evoted to RFID technology; the top post
was
from
American
University
concerning

the use of

RFID technology in certificates. The tenth article
(
Mathieu,
2007
)
contained a podcast
on a blog about RFID chips in business, in particular on supplies of
food and

definitions of terms which appear in the podcast.


I continued examining the results on Thursday

but these results
(results 11
-
20 on page 2)
did not provide useful information
. T
he
eighth

article

(O’Connor, 2005)

on the second page was
about Chase (a
f
inancial firm with significant credit card operations
)

which had placed RFID
chips inside the credit card

with technology they refer to as “blink”
. I decided
to perform a
search in the RFID Journal to see if the journal contained any recent articles about

RFID chips in
Research Exercise #
4

6


credit cards. I typed “recent news RFID chips in credit cards”; in the list of results there were
2010 articles but none were of
a
technical nature.

Dissatisfied w
ith
the
results of this
search
, I
performed a new search (“
What 2010
research
on embedding RFID chips in credit cards
”)
.

Unfortunately, this
search

did
not
prove
success
ful
. I did another search with the words “
RFID blink technology”. The first
article
(
The
Computer Language Co
mpany
, 2010
)
was the definition of a “RFID reader
” at PC Magazine
Encyclopedia; this article had a list of links under “RELATED TERMS” which the user could
click on


one of the definitions was for “RFID”. The definition for “RFID”
(
The Computer
Language Company
, 2009
)
included a broad range of information associated with “RFID”. Both
of the articles at PC Magazine Encyclopedia contained pictures.

Since I was
unable to
find technical information for

a search about embedding RFID
chips in credit cards, I would suggest that
Bankie (
the Chief Technology Officer of credit card
operations at a major retail bank
)

contact
Chase
(the financial firm) d
irectly in order to gain the
ben
e
fit of their experience f
irsthand
.
I learned from the articles on hakia.com that Chase uses
RFID blink technology in its credit cards.

Most of the articles
from
the various searches I
performed on hakia.com reflected a negative attitude toward embedded RFID chips in credit
card
s (invasion of privacy, the
possibility
of

sensitive information
being
at risk) while some
articles stated that the “Chase Blink

Credit Card” allowed individuals

to get through the checkout
counter faster since a signature was not needed and the fact that
the credit card was not swiped.

Additionally
,

most of the articles about the “Chase Blink Credit Card” were from 2005
;
there did
not seem to be a
significant
amount of recent news regarding the

experience
of

the

“Chase Blink
Credit Card”.



Research Exercise #
4

7


Overall it w
as easy to find a general brief overview of RFID,
the way in which
embedded
RFID chips in credit cards work,
as well as
the
ir

advantages and
disadvantages;

however,

I was
un
able to find a detailed technical article on embedding RFID chips in credit cards
o
r
a
discussion of
recent experience
with
this

technology
such as a
n

in depth study

of the technology

on hakia.com.


Research Exercise #
4

8



References

Albrecht, K., &
McIntyre, L.

(
2003
, November 14).
Position Statement on the Use of RFID on


Consumer Products
.
Retrieved

March

24, 2010, from

http://www.spychips.com/jointrfid_position_paper.html

Albrecht, K., &
McIntyre, L.

(2007).
RFID Privacy Issues and News
.

Retrieved

March 24, 2010,


from

http://www.spychips.com/

Biever
, C. (
27 November 2003
).
Credit
-
card implant provokes c
riticism
.

Accessed
March 24,


2010, from

New Scientist,

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn4429
-
creditcard
-
implant
-
provokes
-
criticism.html

Blood, T. A. (2009).
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) In Credit Cards
. Retrieved March


24, 2010, from

ht
tp://docblood.spaces.live.com/Blog/cns!D787066A3CBDDB44!12629.entry

The Computer Language Company

(2009).
RFID Definition from PC Magazine


Encyclopedia
.
Retrieved

March
25
, 2010, from

PC Magazine Ency
clopedia,


http://www.pcmag.com/encyclopedia_term/0,2542,t=RFID&i=50512,00.asp

The Computer Language Company

(
2010
).
RFID reader Definition from PC Magazine


Encyclopedia
.
Retrieved

March
25
, 2010, fro
m

PC Magazine Encyclopedia,


http://www.pcmag.com/encyclopedia_term/0,2542,t=RFID%20reader&i=56953,00.asp

eNETInvesting.com
. (2010, January 4). Are “Swipeless” Credit Cards Containing RFID Chips


Safe? Retrieved

March 24, 2010, from eNET Investing,

http://www.enetinvesting.com/credit
-
tips/are
-
swipeless
-
credit
-
cards
-
containing
-
rfid
-

chips
-
safe/

GAO RFID. (2010).
RFI
D tags, RFID readers, RFID solutions

-

GAO RFID
.
Retrieved March

Research Exercise #
4

9



24, 2010, from

http://www.gaorfid.com/

GAO RFID News
.

(2010, January 31).
Full
-
Featured RFID Reader/Writer Has a User
-
Friendly


Sleek Design
.
Retrieved March 24, 2010, from


http://www.gao
rfid.com/rfid_news/?m=201001

hakia. (2010).
Overview
. Retrieved March 22, 2010, from
hakia.com
,

http://company.hakia.com/new/about.html

hakia. (2010).
Vision
. Retrieved March 22, 2010, from
hakia.com
,

http://company.hakia.com/new/vision.html

hakia
.

(2010).
Semantic Search Technology
.
Retrieved March 22, 2010, from
hakia.com
,

http://company.hakia.com/new/documents/White%20Paper_Semantic_Search_Technolo
gy.pdf
.

Hale, D. (2010, March 11). The RFID credit card problem.
Ellis County Press
.
Retrieved March

24, 2010, from

http://www.elliscountypress.com

iPhoneIn
diaBlog.com. (2009, November 6).
iPhone 4th Gen (4G) To Be Equipped With RFID


Reader [Rumor]
.
Retrieved March 24, 2010, from

http://iphoneindia.gyanin.com/tag/rfid/

Johnson, J. (
2007, January
). RFID Credit Cards and Theft: Tech Clinic.
Popular Mechanics
.

Retrieved March 24, 2010, from

http://www.popularmechanics.com/how_to_central/technology/4206464.html

Lewan, T
. (2009, August 2). Chips in official IDs raise privacy fe
ars.
The Buffalo News
.

Retrieved March 24, 2010, from http://www.buffalonews.com

M, F. (2010, March 23).
RFID University Certificate Encodes Information
.
Retrieved

March 24,


2010, from

RFIDa


RFID Technology,
http://www.rfida.com/

Research Exercise #
4

10


Mathieu. (2007, July
4).
Promising RFID Business Applications (Episode 004)
.
Retrieved

March


24, 2010, from

http://www.rfidradio.com/?p=11

O’Connor, M. C. (2005, May 24).
Chase Offers Contactless Cards in a Blink
.
Retrieved

March


25
, 2010, from

RFID Journal,
http://www.rfi
djournal.com/article/articleview/1615/1/1

Radio
-
frequency identification
. (2010). Retrieved March 24, 2010, from Wikipedia
,


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio
-
frequency_identificatio
n